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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 18, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home VOL XXXIX FIVE CUNTS A ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE S3RVICE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 18 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 117 Happiness Is Big Problem Too Long Neglected as Public Policy Subject This is tho last of a series of ar ticles in which Prof William Field ing Ogburn of the University of Chicago discusses what he considers tho 10 biggest problems facing SVm F Osburn By WILLIAM FIELDING OOBUBN Written For The Happiness never has been consid ered as a social problem It has been the theme of the philosopher and the poet but it never has been attacked by sci ence Indeed the comment of the misguide a mor alists has been The more you seek It the less you find it There has been no platform in the republican or the democratic party on the sub ject Yet it is the one thing we all crave While many persons will think it highly fanciful to discuss the question of increasing happi ness and probably will condemn anyone attempting such a discus sion as an impractical idealist yet I doubt if anyone would be so bold as to say the happiness of our peo ple cannot be increased Center in Affection If science should investigate the subject the most probable hypothe sis of approach would I think cen ter around affection Such would certainly be the advice of the novel ist The affectional life of a people clusters around marriage and the family One in every six marriages will end in divorce Yet curiously enough about three out of every four marriages at any One time are f found to be happy marriages lemaiby theclergy by at by the courts and by a growmg riumerof social agencies and institutions is meeting with considerable success It seems proable they will throw a great deal of light on forces and factors which play a part in pro ducing happiness or unhappiness It seems very probable that family problems will throw a great deal of light on the question of happiness Another great agency operating in society today and placing the pursuit of happiness in the realm of public policy is the mental hy giene movement That the mental and emotional habits of a large number of people are extremely bad is just being rec ognized and we are just beginning to learn some of the hygienic prin ciples which will prevent such a state The task of mental hygiene is a very large one and I imagine it will be many decades before success will JAPAN ANNOUNCES JEHOL DRIVE Zangara Will Plead Guilty or Claim Insanity TWO VICTIMS WOULDBE ASSASSINS VICTIMS IN HOSPITAL ASSASSINS GUN MUCH IMPROVED Sanity Commission Not to Disclose Result of Examination MIAMI Fla Feb 18 County Solicitor Charles A More head today said he expected Guis eppe Zangara who attempted to assassinate PrcsidentElect Roose velt Wednesday night either to plead guilty or not guilty by rea son of insanity when he is brought to trial Monday at 10 a m Morehead said defense attorneys had told them they would not di vulge their plea or the findings of a defense medical commission which inquired into Zangaras san ity before Monday Morehead said further he would not summon wit3 nesses to testify Monday because of his anticipation of the plea Needs No Witnesses If Zangara pleads guilty I will not need witnesses Morehead said and if lie pleads not guilty by rea son of insanity I could not get my witnesses here by Monday He continued that if Zangara pleads not guilty by reason of in sanity the prosecution would call upon several outstanding alienists from other cities to come here and examine the defendant He said he had not determined what experts lietwill call V Three doctors named by defense attorneys to make a sanity exami nation of Zangara made their ex amination quietly last night and kept it a secret They were confer ring with defense counsel at noon today but said they would not make their findings public Arraignment Postponed Lewis D Twyman president of the Dade county bar association and one of the defense attorneys said he and his associates would deter mine later whether they would an make it This Associated Press telephoto shows Margaret Kruis left of Newark N T and William Simrttt New York detective two of the five victims of Guiscppc Zaugnra at Miami Fla us they recovered from their wounds in a hospital Associated Press 6 Bills Passed by Iowa Rouse and One Move to Make Farm Bureau Bill From Committee Is Defeated DES Iowas MOINES house of Feb 18 representatives nounce the doctors findings I dont think we will m public he said Zangaras scheduled arraignment The house also defeated a move to day was postponed until Monday e Malone FarmBureau aid passed six bills during a morning session today killed one measure outright and discarded four others by adopting committee recommen dations today because the doctors had not com pleted their report The p m bulletin on the condition of Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago said Mayor Cermak continues to im prove No unfavorable developments have appeared Respiration temperature are normal and Ttrn tn rose Column 3 Begins It was signed by the five physi cians and surgeons attending him Mrs Gill Improved Dr Hudson later gave Mrs Gills condition as decidedly improved over yesterday Her temperature he said was 100 her pulse 101 and respiration 14 Solicitor Morehead and Criminal DAVID CITY Nebr Feb 18 JPi Court Judge E C Collins previous White 18 transient began a Tllm Cnlllmn 6 year term in the penitentiary lo aay after being sentenced for the fatal stabbing of Edward Bessmer 47 another transient formerly of Waverly Iowa 6 Year Term for Killing Bessmer Former Waverly Man First in 10 Years HIBBING MinnFeb 18 Police officers who stopped a run away horse said it was the first time they had years to do that In 10 AUNT HET By Robert Quillen That young doctor aint makin no money but how could he ever learn how if he didnt have charity patients to practice on CHICAGO JUDGES ARE THREATENED Gangsters Promised Two of Jurists Same Thing Cermak Got CHICAGO Feb 18 Chicago judges revealed today they had been threatened with the same thingMayor Cermak got the threats apparently resulting from decisions in their courts County Judge Edmund K Jar eckisaid he had received a dozen such threats the last one since Mayor Cermak was wounded by an assassin at Miami Fla He made the announcement overruling 100000 objections to tax shortly after he had issued an order payments Judge Ennis E Sullivan acting chief justice of the superior court said his life had been threatened in connection with foreclosure matters pendingbefore him He told of the treats when in formed that a demonstration was to be held at his home this after noon One of the letters revealed by Judge Jarecki read In part as fol lows You know and I know that what happened to his honor the mayor was meant for him and not for Roosevelt Thats what will happen to all crooked judges and politi cians bill out of committee and place it on the calendar The vote on a mo tion to leave the bill in the hands of the agricultural committee for five days more was 51 to 14 Among tlie new measures intro duced was a resolution signed by Representatives Alesch Grell Gar ner and Yager which would direct Chief Engineer Fred R White of the Iowa highway commission to place records of cement bids and correspondence on this subject in the hands of the speaker of the house Asks for Information The resolution asks this infor mation on lettings etc since Nov 24 1931 and for three years prior The resolution says that this is desired that it be established if the facts warrant that the contempti ble practice carried on in the statP of Missouri as alleged in the edi torial herein quoteB does not tarnish the fair name of Iowa road authori ties The house granted permission to make the Zylstra bill which would permit counties to adopt the stamp money plan for poor relief a special order for 11 oclock Monday morn ing Bills killed through the adoption of committee recommendations for indefinite postponement were as follows Extending Oftce Terms Extending the term of county and township officers from two to four years By Grell and Wiese Fixing the compensation of members of elec tion boards By Grell and Wfese Providing for payment of twoninths of pri mary road funds to cities and towns where paving had been paid foj by special assessment By tax reduction committees Providing for biennial instead of annual OThool election Among the bills passed was a tax Turn to Pajfe 2 Column 6 Hoover Names Newton for Minnesota Judge WASHINGTON Feb is President Hoover today named Wal ter H Newton his secretary since 1929 to be a United States district judge in the District of Minnesota sending his name to the senate de spite the ban there upon all con firmations JAMES J CORBETT FORMER CHAMPION PAGE James J Corbett former heavyweight boxingchampion and conqueror of John L Sulli van died Saturday afternoon He was in his sixtyseventh year Mrs Corbett was with her hus band and held his head in her arms when he expired at their home in New York GOP WET BLOC PLEDGES VOTES Beck Says Party Will Have 110 House Votes for Dry Repeal WASHINGTON Feb IS UP The house republican wet bioc to day unanimously adopted a resolu tion to support the senate prohibi tionrepeal submission proposal in the house Monday Representative Beck of Pennsyl vania its chairman predicted that the republicans would produce ap proximately 110 votes This is seven more than the num ber of that party who voted for the Garner flat repeal proposal on the first day of this session of congress which then fell short by six votes of the twothirds required to ap prove submission of a constitution al amendment Already democratic leaders have said more of their members would vote for submission repeal now than did on the opening day and predicted as a result that the Blaine repeal proposal will be adopted Representative Britten R n a statement said the republi can wet group of the house unani mously indorses the passage of the senate resolution to repeal the eigh eenth amendment He estimated that federal reve nue amounting to many millions would flow into the treasury after ratification by the slates The statement said it was the hope of the republican group that every re publican member of the house would vote for the senate proposal 0 M Brickett 74 Des Moines Lawyer Dies of Heart Attack DES MOINES Feb 18 M Brickett 74 for 37 years an attor ney here died last night of a heart attack induced by acute indigestion He was a native of Polk where his father was a pioneer settler and a former county attorney of Boone county He is survived by hia widow a son and dauehter Henry Wallace Cutting Reported to Have Declined Interior Post in Cabinet NEW YORK Feb 18 dentelect Roosevelt called into con ference here today Henry Wallace of Iowa whom he has In mind for his secretary of agriculture Wallace conferred with the presi dentelect for more than an hour over the luncheon table He left in company with Prof R C Tugwell one of Roosevelts economic ad visers They stepped into a waiting taxi and departed without saying anything about the conference William H Woodin president of the American Car and Foundry company who is regarded as prob able secretary of commerce fol lowed Wallace at the Roosevelt con ference table Tom Gregory of Texas formerly attorney general was another caller Son of Secretary Wallace is publisher of a farm periodical and is a son of the late Henry Wallace secretary of agri culture in the republican adminis tration of Warren G Harding The younger Wallace however supported the candidacies of Alfred E Smith and Franklin D Roose velt Mr Roosevelt devoted himself busily today to the cabinet and patronage questions He talked early in the day with James A Farley the national chairman and later with Arthur E Mullen Nebraska his floor leader in the convention Mullen later pointed to Wallace as the most likely secretary of agriculture but he said of course the decision will be made only by the presidentelect who has not yet announced hicabinet Itcported to Have Declined WASHINGTON Feb 18 Senator Bronson Cutting R N MI was understood among his friends on capitol hill today to have de clined the portfolio of secretary of the interior in the Roosevelt admin istration Returning to his senatorial dutiss today after a trainconference with the presidentelect yesterday he himself refused to comment on the rumors linking his name with the cabinet His friends feel that he prefers that any statement on the subject should come from the president elect CHIEF OF POLICE AND MILK STRIKE PICKETS BATTLE Milk Spilled Right and Left in Wisconsin War for Prices NEW LONDON Wis Feb 18 of Police Harry Macklin today exchanged blows with milk strike pickets at the city limits but despite his efforts a load of milk was dumped Chief Macklin was watching highway guards when James Wells Waupaca county approached with cans concealed under sacks of corn When the farmers surrounded the truck Macklin climbed aboard He was struck several times and he said he returned the blows While several pickets kept him occupied others spilled the milk Farmer Beaten Up Chief Macklin said he recognized none of his assailants On all sides of New London milk was being spilled today It was es timated that before noon 9000 pounds was destroyed at the edge of the city Pickets severely beat Milton Rusham farmer who tried to 3peec past highway guards with an auto mobile Pickets said there was no milk in Rushams car but that he trlet to getthrough ttieUinea tomak way for avnillk truck which thej believed was followinghim Extend Strike Campaign APPLETON Wis Feb 18 With picketing functioning smooth ly in Otitagamle county and neigh boring communities Walter M Singler president of the Wisconsin CoOperative Milk Pool today ex tended his campaign for support of a projected milk sales strike into the Michigan peninsula The pool leader intended to con fer with officials of farm organiza tions at Stephenson Mich as a pre liminary step to the interstate conference to be held at Madison next Monday and Tuesday Plans Tor extending the strike into adjoin ing states are to be discussed at Madison meeting SENTENCED TO DEATH KUSSELt MWItiLJAMS Boy Slayer Condemned Third Time Darrows Plea Fails to Save Youth From Electric Chair ROCKFORD 111 Feb 18 For tie third time in his 18 years Russell McWilliams today was sen tenced tp be executed for the mur der of a streetcar conductor The execution was fixed for April 21 in Joliet prison Judge Edward D Shurtleff who had been given jurisdiction by a change of venue ordered by the su preme court pronounced sentence He read from a lengthy prepared manuscript reviewing the evidence and giving reasons for his verdict Saved fiy Reprieves ULTIMATUM TO CHINA DEMANDS TROOPS GET OUT Mancrmkuo Edict Says Failure to Act Will Bring Attack MUKDEN Manchuria Feb IS state of Manchukuo today delivered an ultimatum to Chang Hsiao Liang commanderinchtef of Chinas northern army demand ing withdrawal of all Chinese troops from the province of Jehol Failure to comply will bring an attack by the combined armies Manchukuto and Japan This appeared to ce the opening gun in the Jehol offensive which has been in preparation for several veeks Chinese to Hold City PEIPING China Feb 18 lajor battle between Chinese and apanese armies at Kailu northern gateway of Jehol province ap eared imminent after the receipt oday of a Japanese ultimatum It ordered Chinese forces imme diately to evacuate the city The Chinese decided to Ignore it it was stated at Manchurlan headquarters here despite a Japanese threat to attack at once if the demand waa not complied with An army of 30000 to 50000 vol unteers has been concentrating in the Kailu region to block the Jap anese invasion of Jehol frcrn that point U S VISIT FIGHT WITH FISTS FAIRMONT Minn Feb 18 T fist fight came with efforts of 300 farmers to block the sheriff from the courthouse steps and pre vent a mortgage foreclosure sale lore today sheriff William J Roehler of Fairmont said the sale was completed and legal but leaders of the Martin county unit of the Farmers Holiday association insisted it was not claiming the sheriff did not get on the court house steps as called for In the ad vertisement of aaie The 300 farmers came to the courthouse in a group Sheriff Roehler was pushed about and pre vented from reaching the top of the steps but said he forced his way on to a bottom step and read thb notice of sale Meanwhile Frank E Dougherty representing the mortgage holder exchanged blows with Roy Palmer Fairmont insurance man and land owner who voiced opposition to foreclosures Neither was hurt Dougherty bid in the farm for the mortgage holder Harry Lintel man a retired farmer The mort gage was for 510000 with for taxes and Interest on a quarter section owned by Alfred Cottew northeast of Fairmont Fords Voluntarily Accept Subpoenas DETROIT Feb 18 and Edsel Ford Friday voluntarily accepted service of subpoenas or dering them to appear March 3 to give depositions before a notary in a civil action brought by the Sweet en Automobile company of Phila delphia against the Ford Motor company Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Cal Feb U S senate is holding some kind of investigation down in Louisiana From what we can gather from the evidence the investigation is held to deter mine who I3 the biggest liar in Louisiana and with the amount of competitors they are having a tough time to find out The repeal of prohibition was passed by the people last November It finally reached the senate yes terday News travels fast in this country Yours WILL ROGERS CopyrlRht 1933 McNaviRht Syndicate A boy of 16 when he went into the business of crime and shot to death William Sayles after robbing him of his fares on an August night in 1931 young McWilliams twice had been saved from imminent death in the electric chair by su preme court reprieves Judge Arthur E Fisher had im posed the death penalty twice upon the youths pleas of guilty Today Shurtleff determined on death Cor the defendant despite the earnest pleas of the veteran defender Clar ence Darrow who blamed circum stances environment society and liquor for the crime of a boy in his teens An appeal will be taken to the su preme court in an effort to void the youths doom his attorney B J Knight announced as soon as the sentence was pronounced Fired Five Shots Had McWilliams fired only one thot the judge said the caSe would have been easier to decide The first shot killed the victim and the four other shots he fired into the conductors body were wanton I believe those shots showed a disregard for human life The judge said McWilliams did not appear to he a moron and that the youthful killer had indicated a knowledge of right and wrong Darrow was absent from the courtroom every seat of which had been filled by a crowd that began arriving at 6 a m Request for Fees Earlier today the council for the defense filed a request with the state for 5250 fees and expense money The petition was In behalf of Darrow Nash and William Holly another Chicago lawyer McWilliams trembled with fright and nervousness as he stood before the judge hut calmed after the ver dict was read No he replied quietly when Judge Shurtleff asked If he had anything to say Deputy sheriffs then led him away to be taken later to the state penitentiary at Joliet TOKIO ment summons to Tosiike Matsuo ka Japanese delegate at Geneva to return here by way of Siberia the shortest route to assist In the final stages of Japans secession from the league of nations Is likely to compel Matsuoka to abandon a pro jected trip to the United States a government spokesman said today This matter was still unsettled but the cabinet might decide to 1 onsult Matsuoka personally before aklng final action on withdrawal from the league In which event the delegate will be called home imme liately after the anticipated accep ance by the league assembly of its eport on Manchuria next week Postpone Discussion The cabinet postponed further discussion of the league question until Monday permittingPremier Viscount Makoto Snito to present the decisions thus far reached to Prince Saionji last surviving mem ber of the council of the genro the highest seat of power in the empire until a decade ago It is safe to Interpret the pre miers visit to Prince Saionji as an indication that the cabinet has agreed to the main principles of a policy respecting the league that it has decided to withdraw unless a miracle prevents the assemblys adoption of the league report and recommendations a high official told the Associated Press Report Witlirnwnl Decision LONDON Feb 18 Bri tish Press associations made con flicting reports today concerning Japanese cabinet action in Toklo relative to the question of Japanese withdrawal from the league An ex change telegraph company dispatch said the cabinet decided in favor of withdrawal but a Reuters dispatch said the report was unfounded SKe Weal 40 CITIES WANT HELP OF R F C WASHINGTON Feb plea of the mayors of 40 American cities that the reconstruction cor poration be allowed to make loans to them today was formally put be fore the senate banking committee IOWA WEATHER Increasing cloudiness nnd slightly wnrnier In the east nnd south portions Saturday night Sunday unsettled warmer in the extreme southeast Colder In the northwest portion LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum Fridiiy 35 Minimum In Night 18 At 8 A M 22 WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO Feb 18 outlook for the week beginning Monday Feb 20 For the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri val leys and the northern and central great or two precipita tion periods indicated some pros pects ot colder weatherwithin lat ter part of week ;