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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 17, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF A NO ARCHIVES MO I lit 3 I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WtBES FIVK CENTS A COPV NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 17 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO Ill CLAIMS NAZI FLEET BADLY DAMAGED Dutch Burn in Oil Refineries INVADERS BOMB ISLES BETWEEN Burma Road JAVA SUMATRA Butch Airmen Credited With Direct Hit on Nipponese Transport BATAVIA N E I JP The Dutch defenders application of the scorched earth policy lo oil fields and installations on Sumatra and Borneo in advance of the in rushing Japanese has cost about one billion guilders about informed sources esti mated Tuesday night They asserted that sufficient oil stores had been accumulated in Java to meet united nations war requirements in this area for some time but pointed out that at some future dale the Indies will have to import oil for the first lime to supplement the mea ger stocks produced on Java it self Refugees reaching here from Japanese occupied Palembang richest of Sumatras oil produc ing areas Ihe refineries there had been turned into a blazing inferno and that from miles away they still could hear the explosion of dynamite charges The Falembang oil sources alone produced more than 4000 000 tons a theu destruction the largest volim tarysacrifice in the history of the ccordi ng theV Batavi a Nieumsblad Japanese planes possibly in prelimnary to the expected direct assault on Java heart of the Dutch East Indies Tuesday bombed and machinegunned several of the small islands in the narrow Suncla Strait which separates Java from Sumatra The Dutch communique issued through the Aneta said several persons were killed and others wounded though little material damage was done Dutch bombers were credited with a direct hit on a Japanese transport and a probable hit on a second in an attack presumably staged off the Sumatra coast In a raid on a Japaneseheld airfield at Palembanfr South Sumatra oil center ivliich the Dutch destroyed before the Japanese occupation Dutch bombers also shot down two Japanese fighter planes the communique said The hour of decision for the Netherlands East Indies was fas approaching with the Japanesi evidently preparing for the cli max thrust against the citade island of Java without even wait ing to complete their invcstmen of Sumatra There no disposition amon the Dutch to minimize the odd against them but they faced thei test with burning resolution ti meet the enemy and beat him It is true that Japans power i enormous declared H V Quis pel a Netherlands Indies nava spokesman and perhaps it i equally true that only a miracli can save the Netherlands Indie but miracles do sometimes hap pen Even if we In the Nether lands Indies like themen and women of London Leningrad and Moscow arc forced back lo the last defense lines ivc shall win Java most important of Dutch islands the sile the nava tl base of Soerabaja and the seal o the united nations southwest Pa cific command now is clcprivet of the buffer strength of Singa pore and is exposed lo direct as sault Irom three sources These were from Sumatra 01 the west across the ZO mile wid strait of Sunda and from th islands of Borneo and Celebes across the Java sea to the north One reason for Japans haste in launching the drive on Sumatra first by parachutists and then by boatloads of invaders even before the conquest of Singapore had been completed was believed to be an urgent and unfulfilled need for oil BANGOON Burma iperial defenders of Burma es abhshed a front only 50 miles rom the Burma road Tuesday iving retreated before a Japa nese offensive that cracked t h e Salween river line at all point Abandoning the railroad town of Thaton and the entire area be sii it and the Salween as far lorth as Papun the defenders to the west bank of the ilin river which flows from lorth to south into the Gulf of Martaban They thus shorlened heir lines and consolidated their orccs but generally advanced the Japanese 20 miles westward from he Salween The battle front was vaguely defined in official reports but the Imperials appeared to be withdrawing on a general northsouth to fall back eventually on the Sil tang river The Japanese were approxi mately 35 miles from a railroad junction which would enable them lo fan out for simultaneous strikes west at the Burma road and south some 40 miles at Ran oon The British withdrawal prob ably had enabled the invaders lo unnel their forces into a stronger spearhead in the southern sector West of the Salween Burma Dears the appearance of a knubby shoe with Rangoon at the ball of the foot The battle zone is In the high heel and fighting steadily i mounting toward the RangtKm Mandalay irst port ion of the which is at the instep By withdrawing northwestward Irom the heel sector the British have shortened their battle line measured from Papun nearly ISO miles The same maneuver however probably has permitted the Japanese to join their forces whrelr struck across the Salween in a pincers drive from Marta ban at the heel tip and from Taan 30 miles north of Maria ban An RAF communique said our bombers and lighters have at tacked enemy positions in the Papun indicat ing that the Japanese have started a new thrust to the west Papun is 10 miles west of the Salween where it forms border with northern Thailand It is 100 miles north of Martaban and almost due north of the Japa nese lines in the south Fighting in the zone had not been jnentioned previously As the Japanese threat to Ran goon to India and the Burma road mounted imperial reinforce ments to pour in With Japanese troops freed from Malaya and Singapore ob servers expected the invasion to intensify and predicted an attack by sen on Rangoon U S Planes for Distant Battlefields A pier slip in an American seaport is jammedAvith barges loaded with war equip ment ant supplies Snow makes a camouflagelikecovering for some of Die planes which will he put aboard shipsfor transport to battle zones 32 Billion Arms Bill Sent to Congress Which Would Bring Total to 142 SUBZERO WAVE STINGS IOWANS Weatherman Shows No Optimism or Relief m Immediate Future WASHINGTON precedentslialtering 532070901 900 ap propriations bill for arms lendlease aid and construction of mer chant ships at the rate of two a clay went to congress Tuesday wilh message that never in all history has a nalion been faced wilh the war costs of Ihe magni tude Ihat confronts us In itself almost equal to the nations outlay for World war No 1 the colossal new omnibus measure would boost the total of defenie program expenditures laid down thus far for the fiscal years of 1941 1942 and 1S43 to the staggering sum of SM2000000000 The committee held out some hope tlie war would end before DES 3V1OINES stinging subzero wave chilled Iowa Tues day and the weatherman was not at all optimistic over Ihe immed iate prospect for relief The shippers forecast said 15 below readings could be expected in the north half of the state Tuesday night 5 below in south west Iowa and zero in southeast Iowa Urban temperatures are ex pected to be slightly higher Monday nights minimum was 11 degrees below zero at Fort Dodgfe LIMIT EXPANSION DES MOINES utili ties will not be permitted to ex pand unless it is necessary for rea sons of health palely or to supply national defense plants R A Mar line Washington D C told the utilities subdivision of the lowa league of municipalities WILLKIE PLANS VISIT IN IOWA Will Make Tour of CovnHog Farms Such as He Owns in Indiana DES MOINES L Willkie republican candidate for president in 1940 will make a tour Feb 24 of Iowa comhog farms similar lo those he owns in Indiana His visit will be non political it was explained and he will take advantage of the opportunity lo inspect the fowa State college experimental farm at Ames Willkie will meet the night of Feb 24 with members of the re publican state central committee state officials and other Iowa re publican leaders He will talk off the record7 to the group and is expected to discuss informally the world situation and future policies of the republican party Willkies visit to the Iowa farms will be solely for his own edifica tion it was pointed out and will be in keeping with a promise he made when he was in Des Moines during the 1940 presidential cam paign He will be a luncheon guest Feb 25 of President C E Friley of Iowa State college Silent Screen Star Estimates Loss to Robbers at BEVERLEY HILLS Cal Two gunmen robbed Anita King McKenna silent screen star and currently owner of a well known racing stable of furs jewelry and perfumes Monday night She esti mated her loss at close to S10Q 000 Mrs McKenna wife of Thomas Morrison McKenna mem ber of a Pittsburgh steel family walked in on Ihe gunmen The pair fled in Mrs McKennas limousine in which she just had returned from visiting her hus band in a hospital all the money was expended The house appropriations committee bluntly declared that tlte United States had cm uarked upon the largest produc tion of war materials ever un dertaken by any nation 1C asked immediate action Billions upon billions of dol lars and the output of more than naif of our factories will be geared to the manufacture of munitions tanks guns and oiher implements and articles for war use said the 100 FEET ST PAUL Mc Guire was killed Monday night when his automobile was struck by a train McGuire was thrown 100 feet by the impact Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued cold Tuesday afternoon and Tuesctay night Low temperature Mason City 15 below IOWA Continued cold Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night with subzero temperatures Tuesday night except about zero near Keokuk MINNESOTA Continued very cold Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night wiht subzero temperatures Tuesday aflernoon and considerably below zero Tuesday night TN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 25 above Minimum Monday night 10 below At 8 a m Tuesday 10 below At p m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Snowfall 1 above OS inch 150 inches committee Sharply and sternly the com Million More in Lease Aid for Russia Planned WASHINGTON Official urces said Tuesday n new lend ase credit of approximatedSl 00000000 was being negotiated or Russia Last fall Russia received a sim lar Sl000000000 credit Officials said this initial credit lad been nearly all allocated and new credit was needed soon in rder to plan further production of he weapons Ihat Russia will need Although some ot Ihe materials iromised under the first Sl000 00000 credit have been delivered the Russians the exact status these supplies is a military ocret However it was learned offi ially that Ihc entrance of the United States into the war had some shipping difficulties The new credit is still in the ne otiation stage and Ihe exact amount and details have not been ettled It may lake the form of a mone ary loan of lendlease money a straight arrangement to lend ease war materials to be repaid n kind or a credit lo be repaid n any resources the Russians may inc available after the war in defense production and profi teering on war conlracls Describing the munitions pro gram as a race against time the committee said Unquestionably practices have crept in of a most reprehensible character despite the care and diligence of those having overall responsibility for the expenditure of funds It is worse than unfortunate it said that even a small num ber of men whose services are vitally useful in the prosecution of shipbuilding are not at work Referring to the welders strike on Ihe Pacific coasl which wa lerminated Tuesday it declared These disputes wear us ou fighting with each other while the production of war materials lan guishes and the chief beneficiary is the axis enemy It is not fair to he men who are fighting the battles of the country it is not fair to the peopl of the nation it is not fair to the vast body of loyal workers who are giving their best efforts industry to produce everything that is needed for the war effort if if if Even wilh the tremendous sums already palling was the word used by the committee in describing report said that ad ditional appropriations would be forthcominfr for further air plane expansion and for the piy personnel The bill would bring the tola of war appropriations voted sinci Pearl Harbor lo S6Q6 for everi man woman and child in thi United States U would providi arms foran army of in eluding an air force of 1000000 by the end of this year Reads Draft Notice Asks Where to Vote on War Question TUCSON Ariz man after reading and rereading the service registration no tice in the federal building walked over to an elevator operator Say where does a man go to vote on this here war question BERLIN ADMITS RED GAIN TOTAL IS 180 MILES London Broadcasts That Russian Armies Have Crossed Sozh River By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS Good news for the united na tions came Tuesday from the Rus sian war front as a bulletin from Adolf Hitlers field headquarters acknowledging Ihat soviet troops had scored a break through Ger man lines 50 miles southeast of Vyazma on the Moscow front and he Berlin radio conceded for the first time that the red armies had advanced 1110 miles in some sectors since Ihc beginning of their winter offensive Hitlers IiiKh commanil as serted thai the Russian break through forces had heen cn tirclcd and by counterattacking Germans after heavy fiifhtins with 5000 soviet troops killed ami 1848 taken prisoner but frum the broad viewpoint the important thing was the admission of such an advance V In contrast to the German high commands claim that Russians had been crushed southeast of Vyazma a London broadcast said the red armies had advanced 80 miles or more westward from the Kirov 7one below Smolensk cross ing the Sozh river The Sozh river rising noar Smolcnsk angles southwestward across Smolensk province and the white Russian republicto a junc lion with the Dnieper at the north ern border of the Ukraine The soviet information bureau made no such specific claim More than 3G50 German troops however were officially declared to have been slain in four recent cnsagements 2500 of them in a oneday battle on tlie Leningrad front in which a number of invasion dugouts were smashed W Several additional villages and towns were reported occupied Monday in the Russians twin ef forts to shatter winter invasion lines and block a nazi spring of fensive NAZI RFCOXNOITEIUXG UMTS WEST OF TOBKUK WITHDRAW On the North African front British headquarters reported that German reconnoitering detach ments had withdrawn from posi tions in advance o the main axis lines near Ain El Gazala 40 to 50 miles west of TobruU This might mean that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was eithei preparing to withdraw after weeklong lull in fighting or wa getting rcariv lo attack in force An axis withdrawal might have been prompted either by fear o overextending axis supply line across the desert or by the arrival of heavy British reinforcements at Tobruk The British also reported that torpedocarrying RAF nava planes attacked a strong forma lion of the Italian fleet in th central Mediterranean scoring nil on two fascist cruisers and a de stroyer One of the cruisers was left well ablaze Walsh Says U S Coasts Lack Defense WASHINGTON Walsh DMass of the senate naval committee told the senate Tuesday that the coasts of the United States were almost de fenseless and that as a result the day might come when it would be necessary to bring the navy home lo protect them Walsh made the assertion dur ing debate on the 5100000000 civilian defense appropriation after Senator Johnson RCal had said thai there was no ade quate defense of the Pacific coast Walsh said a newspaper article recently had presented a dra nalic expose of the complete lack if defense of the City of Boston ind the State of Massachusetts 1 regret to say he added that their plight is no different Yom that of any coastal city Lack of lie said pre vailed on the east coast and in he gulf as well as on the west oast I fear he told his colleagues the day may come when ive will have lo bring back our from the four corners of the uirlh simply to protect our ihoics ENGLISH CHIEF CITES HITS IN STRAIT BATTLE Churchill Defiantly Demands Vote Wont Name Defense Minister LONDON Minister tVmslon Churchill defiantly de manding a vole of confidence told he house or commons Tuesday that terrible forfeits will be exacted from the united nations n Ihe far east but thai our po sition in the Atlantic has been ilefinitcly improved by damage to big German warships The escape of a German llc fleet including three pow erful warships from Brest through lie Dover Straits to Germany was achieved only under heavy Brilish allack that pill the vessels out of action for some lime Churchill said and lie hatlle actually im proved the allied naval situa tion ICKES URGES OIL LIMIT IN EAST Asks Filling Stations Close p m 7 a m and All Day Sunday WASHINGTON of Interior IcUes told a hous committee Tuesday the oil indus try had recommended itnmccliat closing of all filling stations in the cast from 7 p mto 7 a m week days and all day Sunday ami rn lioning of gasoline if ihfs become necessary to offset last dwincllini stocks due lo war loss and diver sion of tanker ships The secretary who is petroleum coordinalor did tiol say what action he contemplated on the in dustry suggestions but did rec ommend Ihe construction of an 580000000 pipe line system from Texas lo the PhiladelphiaNew York area The petroleum industry Ickcs testified recommended that steps be taken lo curtail Ihe total cast coast consumption of petroleum products lo tiie extent of approx imately 15 per cent from current levels during the period Febru ary Jo to April lo The indiisfrv report said it was impossible at this time to predict whether or nol curtailment will be necessary beyond Ihat date when tolal con sumption normally falls off sub slantially F R Will Address Nation by Radio Monday at 9 p m E V O R K President Roosevelts next broadcast to the nation which has been announced for Monday night has been set for 9 p m C T The prosram scheduled for half an hour wilh the president expected to discuss Ibe war situation and probably other related subjects In addition to all networks there will be the usual claborale shortwave rclav to make the talk available the world over Nipponese Direct Attacks on Indies Next allout attack of the Japanese on the united nations in thn far east alreadv Ins BOt under way against Sumatra in the Netherlands East Indies where the enemy has succeeded in occupying Talembang the important oil center The British and American naval forces will he strengthened and reinforced by units of the high est before the German warships including the 2S000ton Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and hc 10000ton Priii7 Eugen can be put in operation again he said Churchill in hie speech 1 Said a secret inquiry had been ordered to determine why the German ships were not de tected sooner and whether there was any lack of cooperation be tween the admiralty and the RAT 2 Indicated he would not ac cept demands for appointment of a minister of defense o Called on members of the house lo vote in line with their criticism rather lhan theirsenti demanding a real showdown in debate week 4 Indicated Ihat there might be cabinet changes later The prime minister was firm but not pugnacious as he faced the most critical house since he took office Churchill was cheered by tiip house Sir Stafford Cripps often men lioncd as a candidate for a war cabinct post attended the first session since his return from Moscow Churchill said he German war ships had been heavily damaged They will have to be worked up in gunnery and other practices before they can again play a part in the war The royal navy mean while will be reinforced by var ious units of the highest quality he said A similar strengthening process is going forward in the navy of the United Slates He revealed that a naval in quiry had opened Monday on the passage ot the German ships but he asserted that their departure from Brest where they were a menace on the flank of British lines of communication had im rovcd instead of harming the lavy situation Tentatively promising a hniisr of inmmons debate next werk on the xencril ivar situation he warned of tlie effect that angry debate miKht have not only on enemy nations but allied ones and unred the house to keep it reputation for firmness and courage in face of adversity T am absolutely certain T could say things which would re the seriousness ot the situa ion he said It would ill become the dignity of the government and the house and would render a worse service to the alliance of which we are jart if we were driven into agita ions and recriminalions at this lime he said in an appeal for national unity He called the fall of Singapore a tragedy a lamentable misfor lune and said it would not be prudent to speculate on the var ious evil consequences which may follow the fall But he said thai Ihe forth coming debate would include the prospects nf retrieving Singapore by the combined ac tion of Ihc allied powers con cerned and he recalled that the possibility of the fall of Singa pore had been foreseen in the last war debate in commons In his warning against recrimi nations he said he did not accuse members of parliament of panic Nonetheless I think that a debate held today with charges and counlcrcharges across the house at this moment of anxiety and distress would contribute to what I might call the rattling process going on in parts of tha press Thai sort of thing not only published in this country but freely lelearaphed to Australia and the United State gives a feeling of general insecurity ;