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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 16, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH MOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press ana United Press Full Leased Wires Five Ccnli Allies Lose Town 10 Miles North of Anzio in Beachhead Battles Allied Headquarters Algiers siege guns have bombardment oE Monastery8 hiU and breaches have been opened in that main sector of the German overloking Cassino it was RUSSIANS DRIVE I NEARER PSKOV IIN NORTH FRONT Reds Also Whittle Down Cherkasy Death Pocket in Upper Dnieper London P Leonid A Govorovs Leningrad army pressed j closer to historic Pskov Wednes i day as other red army forces steadily whittled down the Cher 5 kasy death pocket in the upper j Dnieper bend where the Russians said some 50000 trapped nazis were fighting a lastditch battle against overwhelming odds Capture of Pskov hub of trunk lines serving an immense area to the south west and east would set up the beginning of a potential entrapment circle for those Ger mans holding positions between Lake Ilmen on the north and Novosokolniki 120 miles to the south Their escape avenue then would be cut to a 120 mile wide gap between Pskov and Novoso kolniki Moscow dispatches said that Govorov hoped to be in Pskov by Feb 23 the 26th anniversary of i the red armys official birthday It was at Pskov and at Narva 1 farther north in Estonia that the Russians in 1918 smashed a Ger man force and the red army counts its inception from that date Govorov was well on his way Tuesday A Russian communique said his troops storming down the LeningradPskov railway from captured the railway station of Serebryanka 15 miles south iYfst ot Luga andthe ghway town of Gortsdets a east j of Luga and the highway town of I Gafodets a few miles east of Serebryanka Spearheads of this l force then battered their way into il the town of Kalbutitsy 16 miles If south of Luga and 75 miles north l OI j east of Pskov j Another Govorov column I pounding down the NarvaPskov railway along the eastern shore plot Lake Piepus overran several routed an enemy regiment Bland captured many prisoners the bulletin said Russian ad jvanee units on this sector were reported at Polna 47 north of Pskov miles German transport was reported in hopeless confusion as the re trestine nazis were forced off the main roads by soviet artillery fire and bombing attacks Columns of nazi trucks carts and other trans port were hlown to bits the soviet bulletin said More than 1000 German troops were killed and 40 towns and vil lages captured during the day the Russians declared At the Cherkasy pocket re peated German attempts to break the Russian cordon around the trapped nazis were reported beaten off and 60 tanks destroyed by Russian gun fire Several more towns were captured and Field Marshal Fritz von Mannstein lost another 1800 troops killed in the clays fighting Moscow said The battle of the death circle entered its 13th day Wednesday and surviving remnants of the 10 crack German divisions originally trapped on Feb 3 were herded into an area of approximately 100 square miles between the towns of Shenderovka and Stchlev Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Wednesday night and Thursday lowest Wednesday night in Ma son City 20 Iowa Mostly cloudy with occa sional very light snow Wednes day and in the east portion Wednesday night warmer Wed nesday and Wednesday night i Thursday mostly cloudy with L light snow flurries and becom ing colder in the west northcentral portions and light snow Wednesday night changing to snow flurries Thursday warmer Wednesday night becoming colder north portion late Wed nesday night much colder Thursday Wind will increase to 25 to 30 miles an hour Thurs day INMASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 19 Minimum Tuesday night 7 At 8 a m Wednesday 13 Snow i4 nch Precip 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 8 Minimum Minus 16 announced Wednesday but in the invasion beachhead to the west headquarters acknowledged loss of Carroceto 10 miles north of Anzio Warships again battered the Germans ringing the beachhead and RAF Wellingtons flung block busters in a night attack U S artillery opened up on Monastery hill following the aerial destruction of historic Mt Cassino abbey which the Germans had converted into a fortress German infantry presumably was still in possession of the key hill above besieged Cassino where violent battling swept into its 15th day The fighting increased in in tensity as American soldiers who already hold l3rd of the town Yanks Had to Hit Abbey Emmetsburg Chaplain Declares Allied Headquarters Algiers f Allied headquarters an nounced Wednesday that photo graphic reconnaissance had re vealed that the Mt Cassino mon astery which had been converted by the Germans into a fortress was destroyed Tuesday when sub jected to a heavy bombing at tack by American heavy and me dium bombers The pictures showed direct hits were scored on the buildings and the roads leading to them and on the ground adjacent to the erst while German stronghold over looking besieged Cassino on the main 5th army front The American air force dis closed that 4 waves of flying fort resses hammered the monastery with many tons of high ex plosives and incendiaries The last waves of bombers dropped the in cendiaries and crewmen said the entire abbey hill was blazing furiously when they left Capf Thomas Utility of Hart ford Conn 2nd wave of heavy bombers said my crew reported hat the enemy fortress blew apart like a pack ot cards Im Catholic and I de voutly hope that all the clergy men and sacred objects were re moved before the bombs hit bat the military importance of the objective overshadows every oth er emotion of mine Fortress group Chaplain Capt Ira B Allen of Emmetsburg Iowa said Im sorry the mon astery had to be destroyed but due lo the fact the Germans used it for military purposes there was no alternative continued the methodical destruc tion of house after house which the nazis have converted into min iature fortresses The lull in ground fighting in the beachhead continued the com munique reporting only patrol clashes in the Cisterna and Car roceto Aprilia areas Headquarters said Carroceto was in German hands Fierce fighting has swirled in this neigh borhood with a canning factory there changing hands 4 times Al lied forces had pushed 4 miles north of Carroceto to the outskirts of Campoleone 16 miles below Rome but German counter attacks forced them back While allied heavy bombers gave direct support to infantry on both the beach and mam 5th army front A36 invaders struck a sharp series of blows at railroad yards in the suburbs of Rome plastering the Trastevere and Ti burtina freight yards through which German supplies and rein forcements were moving south ward The Paris radio said the Rome area was attacked again Wednesday and that Caste Gan dolfo was hit The Germans launched their first attack in several weeks against army positions send ing infantry and light tanks against Indian troops The as sault described as on a small scale was beaten back In the town of Cassino dough boys were forcing their way through blistering machinegun fire from steelreinforced concrete pillboxes in the dwellings These strongpoinls protected by armor plate 3 to 4 inches thick each are held by 2 men aiming machine guns with periscopes without ex posing themselves CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 16 J9it HOME EDITION nnrn Iowa GOP Congressmen Meet With Hickeniooper Washington JP Republican members of the Iowa congres sional delegation met at a lunch eon Wednesday with Gov B B Hickeniooper Governor Hickeniooper arrived by plane Tuesday and immediately went into conference with officials at republican national committee headquarters Buy Uar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy This Paper Consisls ot I S O L O M O TA s L A D s ACNDOVA QUADALCANA HENDERSON FIELD SNNELL SAH CRISTOBAL PRESS NORTHWARDArhericans seized Green islands shown by the top UTOW in the above map closing a trap on 22000 Japs still in the Solomon islands IOWA BOND DRIVE TO GO OVER TOP Large Single Days Buying Boosts Campaign Des Monies definite ly will go over the top in the 4th war loan campaign That was the word Wednesday from state war finance committee officials after an unprecedented single day purchase ot worth oE war bonds on Monday sent Iowas grand total to S169 100000 or 94 per cent of the S177 000000 quota The campaign originally was scheduled to end Tuesday but lias been extended for E F G and C bonds to the last week of Febru ary Iowa E bond sales Monday were more than SIX000000 and brought the aggregate purchases for bonds of that type to 545600000 or 69 peicent of the states E bond quota The committee announced that Iowas central west region con sisting of Harrison Carroll Cfawi ford Greene Shelby Audubon and Guthrie counties had over subscribed its S5525000 goal arid was the first of 16 regions in the state to go over its quota NATIONAL CAMPAIGN GOES OVER TOP Washington 000000 4th war loan drive is over the top by at least 5191000000 Although the drive ended at midnight Tuesday night all purchases by individuals to fed eral reserve banks during the re mainder of the month will be counted toward the final total to be announced on March Individual purchases Tuesday still were more than 51800000000 short of their 55500000000 quota Musso Says Hes Like Jap Warrior in View Toward Ciano Sentence i Bern Switzerland Mussolini says hes like a Japa nese warrior and hopes Japan will understand his attitude to ward the execution of his sonin law Count Ciano Der Bund of Chiasso told Wed nesday of an interview between Mussolini and a Japanese corre spondent I had to sentence him Ciano to death since I exactly as a Japanese warrior put honor above everything else I am sure the Japanese nation will under stand my conduct Mussolini was quoted as saying Yankees Seize Green Islands Close Trap oh 22000 Nipponese MacArthur announced Wednesday closing a starveor surrender trap on 22000 Japanese troops to the south American and New Zealand troops under cover of air and naval surface strength which in cluded cruisers landed in an 8 p m twilight and met only light machine gun resistance For all strategic military pur poses this completes the cam paign for the Solomon islands MacArthur said in a communique The estimated 22000 Japanese trapped on Choiseul Shortland Bougainville and Buka islands to areuowjjsolatefl from iheorsources of supply at Rabaul f Tvnxir TiIt i IOWAN CHARGED WITH SABOTAGE Tried to Derail Train Following Argument Cedar Kapids Fred Schroeder 30 year old farm hand from Fairbanks Iowa was held on bond Wednesday after his arraignment on a charge of sabotage tiled with what officers described as an at tempt to derail a train after an alleged argument with a ticket agent Rock Island Agents D P Fagan and John Devin who arrested Schroeder said they believed he had placed a rail anchor on the Rock Island tracks south oE here because he had become angered at a ticket agent in Cedar Rapids Sunday Schroeder apparently grew irate during a conversation with the ticket agent about train schedules the agenls said The rail anchor was removed by a track inspector before any trains had passed and Fagan and Devin said they trailed Schroe der s footprints in the snow from the tracks lo the farm where he worked The federal bureau of investi gation joined in filing the charge Schroeder waived preliminary New he said and disease arc certain to ensue from the mili tary blockade position which renders hopeless With hearing before U S sioner R L Whelan Commis Aurora Calls Off Leap Year Day Because of Shortage of Bachelors Aurora III Year Das Auroras gift to bachelor women had been called off this year because of the shortage of bachelor men Feb 23 has been the spinsters day here for 12 anything the women decided Tuesday that all the men left are either too young or too old and gave them a wartime rest I MARSHALL CASUALTIES TO HAWAIIMarine wound ed liom the Marshal island invasion are shown arriving on a hospital ship at Pearl Harbor Hawaii The marine hospital ship landed more than 350 casualties Lutl IVlin their airfields destroyed and thenbarge traffic paralyzed re lief of the scattered garrisons is no longer practicable and their ultimate fate is sealed The Green islands also known as tho Nissan islands are 40 miles northeast of Buka island and about 120 miles cast of the Japanese base at Rabaul where the enemy has been taking re peated and heavy allied aerial poundings They also arc only miles southeast of another Japanese base at Kavicng New Territory seized by the Ameri cans and New Zcalandcrs is com posed of a group of 3 coral islands forming a horseshoeshaped atoll by 14 miles There are a suitable for 16 The operation culminated a of outflanking maneuvers in the Solomons under MacArth Hr direction a nd executed by Halscy beginning with tho land ing at Rendova island last June it also marked a 7iO mile ad vance northwestward since the marines stormed ashore at Guad alcana Aug 7 1912 The latest previous Solomons action was the marines invasion of western Bougainville island at impress Augusta bay on Nov I The army has taken over this beachhead and the invasion hold ings now include 2 airfields from which allied planes havc been striking at Rabaul and Japanese stations remaining in the north ern Solomons Daily air attacks on the air fields at Rabaul helped make possible the easy occupation of the Green islands The new Brit am base received savage blast ings Sunday in 4 raids climaxed around midday when Vuna kanau Tobera and TakllnaL air dromes were hit simultancously with id tons of bombs Only over Vunakanau was there any interception which cost the Japanese 7 planes for sure and D more probables more aircraft were destroyed or damaged on the ground The al lies lost 3 fighters ROCK BERLIN IN HUGE RAID Physicians Say Chaplin Not Father of Joan Berrys Baby WONT SEEK OFFICE lYEr Cal URRCP W A said Wednesday he would not seek public office in the November elections Rogers announced his deciEibn to retire from politico this year at a meeting of district party leaders Tuesday night HUNT GOLD STANDARD Philadelphia Police are Joking for a thief whos still on the gold standard He broke into Thomas Annesleys home but took only 25 U S gold coins worth several valuable furs and 2 expensive watches one studded with diamonds NAZI CHIEF IN FINLAND URGES TROOP RECALL Reported to Fear Trap Through Peace Doubt Hitler to Heed Warning Stockholm fypj German commander in northern Finland was reported Wednesday to have urged Adolf Hitler to recall his troops to avert their entrapment by a RussianFinnish peace direct negotiations for which appear to be under way A German source said the re quest had been relayed lo Berlin by Col Gen Edward Dietl and asserted there were indications that a number of transport offi cers essential for any largescale movement already had as signed to Dietls command The informant expressed doubt that Hitler would follow Dietls advice particularly in view of the fact that the Russians recently have captured vital nickel mines in the Ukraine leaving Finland as Germanys chief remaining source of thatyital metal FIXNISri ARE MORE UNEASY Stockholm offi cial silence in the face of a flood of foreign reports that she is seek ing a basis for peace with Russia has brought increasing uneasi ness to the Finnish people dur ing the past 24 hours reliable private reports from Helsinki said Wednesday Juho K Paasikivi former Fin nish premier who negotiated the peace ending the RussoFiimish winter war of 193940 was still in Stockholm but there ivas no indication that he has made direct contact with the Russian diplomats here Obviously observers said it will not be easy for Finland o break official silence because she still is allied with Germany with strong German military forces inside the country and she must be careful not to say anything which could jeopardize her peace attempts as far as the Russians are concerned Berlin dispatches quoted a Ger man foreign office organ as say ing that the Finnish peace moves were treated with the reserved ness which German diplomacy al ways has observed when other sovereign countries freedom to de cide their own fate is concerned The nazicontrolled ScandinaT ian telegraph bureau quoted a Willielmslrasse spokesman as de claring that the time has passed when propagandistsmaneuvers are able to influence the outcome of the war Observers were curi ous whether he statement was a thoughtless phrase or the first sig nal of a German retreat on the Finnish question the government from prosecuting on white slavery and civil rights conspiracy charges The federal grand jury in dicted Chaplin for violating the Mann act and for conspiring to deprive Miss Berry of her con stitutional rights Cansaid He will be tried on those charges The opinions reported by the press concerning the parentage of Miss Berrys child even if con clusive are matters concerning the civil action and are not in volved in the pending criminal charges by the government Chaplin was indicted on 2 counts of Mann act violation re sulting from a trip he allegedly made to New York with Miss Berry and 2 counts of conspiracy to deprive her of her civil rights Six persons were mdicted on the conspiracy charges Three doctors decided Tuesday night that Chaplin could not pos sibly have been the father of Miss Berrys daughter Carol Ann His attorneys were jubilant Miss Berrys were glum John Ir win who had represented her throughout her travails in the Beverly Hills jail the birth ot her child and the indictments issued ALLIED PLANES SINK 7 SHIPS Also Hit Nazi Barracks Off Dalmatian Coast London air forces in an attack on enemy shipping near Hvar island off the Dalma tian coast of Jugoslavia sank an enemy steamer and C schooners a Jugoslav communique said Wed nesday Tiie bombers also hit enemy barracks on the island killing a very great number of officers and soldiers the communique added The Moscow radio quoting the newspaper Novo Vrcmo reiterated charges that Chetniks under Gen Draja Mikailovitch and guards under nazi puppet leader Milan Neditch allegedly operated in several incidents against the peo ples army of liberation Heavy fighting was reported in northcentral Croatia and north western Bosnia as 2 German at tempts to pierce partisan lines were smashed A veteran partisan detachment hurled back a German attempt to break out of the besieged Bos nian town of Bosanska Krupa 15 miles northeast ofBihac CHARLIE CHAPLIN against Chaplin by a federal grand jury could not conceal his disap pointment I believed all along that my client was telling the truth he said I feel very sorry for her The doctors ruling halted auto matically Miss Berrys projected paternity suit against the man who once groomed her lo lie a movie star It also halted the SIOO weekly payments Chaplin had been giving her under stipulations of n temporary settlement reached last summer The blood tests did not affect the federal indictments charging Chaplin with violating the Mann act and conspiring lo deprive Miss Berry of her civil liberties His lawyers were quick to point out however that the indictments were based largely upon the testi mony of the redhaired girl from Brooklyn who charged in effect that Chaplin had made of her a woman scorned The physicians report on the i blood test accepted under stipula tions by both sides proved that Chaplins disclaimers of father hood were accurate and that Miss Berry had borne her child out of wedlock to some other man Chaplin appeared secretly Tues day morning at a clinical labora tory where his physician Dr V L ndrews Miss Berrys Dr Roy Hamrnick find a neutral physician selected Uy them Dr Newton Evans drew a thimble of blood Iroin his arms Two hours later after Chaplin had left Miss Berry brought her redhaired daughter to the labor atory Dr Russell Starr who de livered it last October identified the child and she too gave up a portion of blood The physicians stood by while technicians made smears on mi croscope slides and consistently refused to reveal the findings They agreed they had promised the lawyers not to make public their decision Not until Tuesday night would Loyd Wright one of Chaplins at torneys eil what had happened in the laboratory RAF DROPS 140 TONS A MINUTE ON NAZI CENTER More Than 1000 Planes Take Part 45 Lost Nazi Fighters Weak London mighty armada of RAF bombers clumped more llian 801 long tons of high ex plosives and incendiaries on bat tered Berlin Tuesday night in a raid which was the heaviest of the war The terrific bombiiiR British authorities said was concentrated in a 20minute period during which explosives were rained down oil ihc German capital at a rate of more than 110 tons a minute Never before so far as known has any target been subjected to such u bombardment from tho air Tlie heaviest previous raid on a single target was the assault on Berlin the night of Jan 20 when more than 2300 long Ions were dropped within a liall hour Well over 1000 British aircraft took part in Tuesday nights oper ations Fortyfive planes were lost Mosquito crews that fleiv over Berlin after the main attack said a large area was afire and col umns of smoke were rising 20000 feet high A communique declared that the bombers took the offensive against Germany strength flying in all operations over 1000 sorties The main objective was Berlin where well over 2500 tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs were dropped a heavier load than in any previous attack on any ob jective in air warfare Lancaster bombers made a feint attack on Frankfurt on the Oder 50 miles cast of Berlin while mosquitos bombed objectives in western Germany and Holland Other planes laid mines It was the 15th major attack upon Berlin since the RAF launched its obliteration campaign against the capital last Nov IB Hundreds of bi bombers launched the delude of bombs soon after 9 p m and reluming flyers said that in a matter of minutes a crimson clow sprang up through the cloud screen which obscured heir views of parts of the city The flyers said they encoun tered no more than ordinary anti aircraft fire and only a few night fighters although enemy inter ceptors sprinkled flares all over the sky Indicating the scarcity oE op position 35 Lancasters manned by British Canadian and Aus tralian cvews look off from one field in Britain and 35 came back Not one bore a scratch The attacking force incidental ly included the largest number of planes of the Canadian bomb er group ever dispatched on any single mission Tlie traffic over licrlin was so congested as the bis planes thun dered in on their bombing runs that one pilot reported he had almost bombed another formation of Lancaslcrs beneath him One Lancaster completed its 02nd raid to establish a record for the RAF bombing command Prior to last night more than 22000 long tons of explosives had been dumped on Berlin in the current campaign to knock the city out The stunning intensity ot the raid was brought out by the fact that German censorship had pre vented all word of the attack from nazi sources from reaching the outside world up to p m a m EWT Wednesday Radio Berlin had not even trumpeted its usual claim of a terror attack1 on civilian dis tricts Tank Drives Up to Fire Station Blaze Is Put Out by Firemen ton Beach Cal army tank clanked lo a halt in front of fire house No 11 Two soldiers hopped out followed by flashes of flames and the rattle of ex ploding ammunition Firemen shoved a hose down the turret un til water ran out the tanks ears The soldiers thanked the fire eaters politely got back in the tank and drove back to camp ;