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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of ots UOIMCS IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 16 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO Ill YANK TANKS HURL BACK NAZIS Reveal U S Lost Cruiser in Solomons NAVY REPORTS 15 JAP SHIPS SUNK DAMAGED Week of Fighting as Nipponese Evacuated Guadalcanal Described WASHINGTON j f t c c n Japanese ships including 12 de stroyers were sunk or damaged and two American warships in cluding the heavy cruiser Chi cago were lost in a week of furi ous seaair fighting in the Solo mon island area beginning Jan 29 the navy announced Tuesday The Japanese also lost a total of 60 or 61 planes destroyed to 22 American planes lost in the fighting which resulted from enemy attempts to remove some of their forces from Guadalcanal island before American troops could conquer it completely and from American movements to reinforce the island The9050ton Chicago was lost as a result two air attacks the first ol which was delivered by the enemy onthe evening of Jan 29 At that lime the Chicago operat ing as part of a force of cruisers and destroyers covering Ameri can transport movements was se verely damaged by aerial torpe does The next day while in tow a base the Chicago was atr tacked by 13 enemy torpedo planes which succeeded in sinking her Twelve of the 13 planes were shot down by United States aircraft The other American ship lost was adestroyer but next of kin have not all been notified and th navy withheld identification of the vessel for that reason American losses atso includcc three motor torpedo boats Personnel casualties on the Chicago were described in a navy communique as not large and the next of kin have all been notified Those who were saved from the stricken ship included Capt Ralph Otis Davis 52 Baltimore The fighting covering the sev enday period was all of air at tacks on surface vessels and there were no reported incidents of warship slugging it out against warship However for at least part of the time a major fleet engage ment appeared imminent The navy communique said that late in January American reconnois sance planes had located heavy units including battleships and aircraft carriers in the 1000 mile stretch of open water between the Truk islands and the Solo mon islands while simultaeously large groups of enemy destroyers were thrusting into the Solomons and an unusually heavy concen tration of enemy aircraft was dis covered at all bases in the north western section of that area The Japanese however de clined to accept decisive battle and the communique said that subsequent events showed the enemy was concerned only with removing troops from Guadal canal and with interfering with the deliver of American troops to that island shortly before enemy resistance com pletely collapsed there A summary of losses showec these results of the seven days ol battle American cruiser and one destroyer sunk three motor torpedo boats lost six fighter planes four torpedo planes two bombers ten miscel U S CRUISER CHICAGO in Solomons KELSON OUSTS VICE CHAIRMAN N WPB SETUP Replaces Eberstadt Army Chiefs Friend With Charles E Wilson W A S H I N G T O N Chairman Donald M Nelson Tuef ay asked Ferdinand E Eber tadt program vice chairman of tie wur pro uction or his Wickard States Beef Black Market Can Be More Serious laneous types planes a total of 2 again attacked this time by the 13 enemy torpedo planes The navy said that United States aircraft destroyed 12 of the 13 planes but not in time to ward olt the attack on the Chi cago On Jan 31 the widespread maneuvers of opposing forces de veloped an attack by American bombers and fighters on an ene my formation of one destroyer one corvette Sand one large cargo vesselin Vellagulfr in the northwestern Solomons These three enemy ships were left burn ing listing and dead hi the water following day American Planes again carried the battle to the enemy attacking with dive bombers torpedo planes and fighters a formation of four destroyers in the northern Solomons area Two of he warships were believed sunk the navy said and a third was left burning About the same time United States aircraft on operations un specified in the communique were attacked by 10 zeros Two zeros were shot down and two U S fighter planes were lost The communique said that else where in air combat on Feb I at least 20 Japanese planes were de stroyed and 10 U S planes were lost The locale of these losses was fixed as the Guadalcanal area On the afternoon of Feb 1 the American destroyer was sunk It had been attacked by a force ol enemy dive bombers with zero fighter escort and apparently went down quickly in the narrow strip of water between Cape Es ncrance on Guadalcanal and Savo island On the night of Feb 1 and ap parently continuing into the morn ing of Feb 2 American motoi torpedo boats fought an enem force of about 20 destroyers off Guadalcanal This enemy group presumably was engaged in evac uation work At least one of the destroyers was sank and two others are believed to have been sunk The three torpedo boats were lost at that time Later on Feb 2 a force of Amer ican bombers and torpedo plane assaulted a srouo of 16 enemy de stvoyers northeast of Kolomban gara island in the centra Solom ons The alanes scored one bomb hit on an enemy destroyer During the evening of Feb flying fortresses with fighter cs cort scored bomb hits on a larg enemy cargo shirj off Shorllani sland The vessel was left burnin Japanese Two destroyers sunk 28 or 29 zero planes de stroyed 12 torpedo planes de stroyed 20 miscellaneous planes destroyed a total of 60 or 61 four destroyers and seven zero fight ers probably destroyed six de stroyers one Corvette and two cargo ships damaged The series of actions developed fully on the evening of January 29 with a torpedo plane attack on the American cruise rdestroyer force protecting the troop convoy at Guadalcanal After the Chica go was damaged she was taken in tow by another cruiser but was later turned over to a tug for towing On the afternoon of Jan 30 while the tug was proceeding to ward a safe haven with the Chi cago the crippled cruiser was and listing The Americans wer attacked by 20 enemy fighters anc nine or possibly 10 enemy plane were shot down while all Ameri can planes survived On the last day of the wide spread fighting Feb 4 Unite States planes attacked 20 Japa nese destroyers about 200 mile northwest of Guadalcanal One o the destroyers was sunk and an other was badly damaged The navy said that its resum of the week lone actions covere all known United States and Japa nese losses In keeping with th policy of not announcing damage there was no listing of any dam Says He May Ask Army to Furlough Troops to Aid in Harvest WASHINGTON dging that a black market in beef i very serious now Secretary oi griculture Wickard asserted uesday that it can become much more serious and disrupt the na onswar food program Informed by Senator Aiken R Tt thatan inquiry into war food reduction of reports that bee teak was selling as high as S17o pound in a New York black mar et Wickard said he preferred ti eave the problem to the office o rice administration but added If this goes on without check It is going to be very difficult to operate the war food program The condition is serious enough now and it can be much more serious V Although Gen George C Mnr hall the armys chief of staff WBL cportcd to have informed a grou f congressmen privately a fev days ago that he would refuse t elease soldiers for farm laboi Vickard told a senate agricullun ubeommittee he would ask tin army to furlough troops to helj vitli the harvesting of this year TOPS if the necessity arises If the war production boarc vont let farmers have new ma chinery for the harvesting o crops asked Aiken how is th agriculture department for exam le going to make good on a prom se for incentive payments for add ed production of certain crops1 If you dont plant a crop you wont harvest it replied Wick ard I think the farmers will take their chances of setting in tie crops There never was a guaranty on harvesting On the other side of the capital meanwhile the house small busi ness committee heard a charge that price and quota regulations on meat have resulted in the worst black market in the history of our country I regret to sayr said Wilbur La Roe Jr counsel for the Inde pendent Meat Packers union that the price policy of OPA is keep ing meat both from the army and civilians and in addition is caus ing an unspeakable black market which is almost out of control La Roc told the committcc Asscrling that members of the Meat Packers association which consists of the smaller packers are suffering from one of the most unfair government regula tions I have ever known La Roc said the asserted unfairness is caused by the fact that the gov ernment fixed ceiling prices on meat production but failed to fix prices on live animals board rcsig a t i o n a n d lamed Charles C Wilson as txecutivc vice h a i rman in h a r g e of ill WPB pro rarns Nelson said ic made the change to end he j u r i sdic ional questions KELSON which if per mitted to continue could hamper the war effort only It was the first lime that Nel on ever has asked publicly for the resignation of an employe The action cameshortly alter nformed sources had reported that a new showdown was near n the longcontinued struggle be tween WPB and the armed serv ices over production control Eberstatlt it was reported has been supported by high army and navy officials Meanwhile there were indica tions that Nelsons own position at the head of WPB was being sub jected to assailment It was reported reliably that friends of Eberstadt representing the anned services had gone to the white house urging that Nel son himself be removed and re placed by Bernard Barueh pro duction hicf in the first World war or by some other figure Nelson has not taken an appeal to President Roosevelt but relia ble officials who could not be quoted by name said he had de termined on Eberstadts ouster to bring about his shop and assert once and for ail the dominance of civilian control over munitions production The conflict lias grown instead of diminished in intensity in the last fortnight since Nelson in creased the power his produc tion vicechairman Charles E Wilson and transferred seven im portant WPB divisions from Eber stadt to Wilson former president of General Electric company At lasl weeks meeting of WPB it was learned Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson inl Ralph A Bnrd assistant secretary of the navy said they could not approve the shift of divisions Nelson told them bluntly he had not asked approval Mrs Luce Is Engaged in House Debate WASHINGTON UP Repre sentative Clare Booths Luce R Conn Tuesday assailed postwar freedom of ihc worlds airplanes before a house committee then heard her ideas assailed on the house floor as probably the most effective method imaginable of bringing on a third world war She came back with rebuttal that for the first time engaged her in direct house debate V f Testifyingbefore the house forcien affairs committee in connection with legislation to ex tend the IcnclIease program tfic comely playwright legislator de clared it would be militarily and economically dangerous for this country to open its airways to all foreign planes Two hours Inter Representative J W Fulbright D Mrs Luce a freshman in congress in a floor speech that she favored narrow imperial istic policy or grab Fullbright is a member of the foreign affairs committee but did not attend Tuesday mornings hearing Does the gentleman contend that this country should not con trol its own skies and airports he asked 1 cannoi Imagine that we would surrender control of them any more than we have surrendered control ol our ports under freedom of the seas TulbriRht replied WHERE BATTLES RAGE While British and French troops 1 attacked from the west on the northern front the British eighth army 2 pounded Rommels forces in side the southern Tunisian border Americans advanced in the Faid sector but evacuated Gatsa U S planes ham mered at Trapani and Palermo 4 in Sicily Mrs vLuctthen demanded that j rulbdgnt show where she had specifically implied inferred or slated that this country should acquire air bases abroad by means other than legitimate ne cotialion Fulbright insisted that it was implied throughout the speech she made in the house last Tues day on sovereignty o the skies You arc inferring Sirs Luce snapped The house applauded as she returned lo her scat jYIrs Luce told the committee in response to a question by Repre sentative Bartcl J Jonkman R Mich that freedom of the air as I define it or the ooen sky policy as it is known in Britain means that all countries would have the right to use the airlanes and fields of any other country For us this would prove dan gerous militarily she continued and result in driving down the cost of living in this country It would mean that we would have lo compete with subsidized coun tries which would be given the right to land their planes freely on our airports Meanwhile the house rules com mittee anovoved a resolution to urovidc for creation of 3 1mcm bcr aviation committee as a stand ins committee of the house Capture of Kharkov Is Announced by Russia BULLETIN LONDON capture of Kharkov was an nounced Tuesday night by the red army in a special com munique broadcast from Moscow and recorded here HARRIS NAMED SUI GRID COACH IOWA CITY Harris has been appointed acting head football coach at the University of Iowa to replace Maj Eddie Ander son E G Dad Schroeder di sco to anv American ship which rector of athletics announced was not sunk Tuesday afternoon Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FERDINAND E EBERSTADT Resignation Asked Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bey j Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CHARLES E WILSON WPB Programs Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night Not much change in tempera ture Wednesday forenoon Low est temperatures in Mason City j Tuesday night 5 IOWA Warmer Tuesday night and j Wednesday forenoon j MINNESOTA Warmer Tuesday aftcrnoon nnd Tuesday night and extreme Wed nesday forenoon Somewhat colder along northern border Tuesday night and north por tion Wednesday forenoon Light snow flurries north portion Tuesday night and Wednesday beginning extreme north por tion Tuesday afternoon Mod erately strong winds north por tion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 8 Minimum Monday night 1G At B a m Tuesday 34 At 2 p m 22 The mercury staged a valiant 38 degree comeback Tuesday ad vancing to 22 from a low of 16 below YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 24 Precipitation U3 Snow 4 Inches MOSCOW advancing red army has cracked Adolf Mil lers southern battle front along a 400 mile line from the regions of Orel province to Bolshie Saly 30 miles northeast of Taganrog and is closing the struggle about Khar kov and pushing three active spearheads into the Donets Basin the Russians said Both the official communiques and dispatches from the front line save little information about what was happening in the region of Kharkov but it was believed here that furious fighting was raging about the ancient capital of the Ukraine which was supplanted in 1934 bv Kiev as seat of the gov ernment W The German high command announced Tuesday that Russian forces had entered the outer suburbs of Kharkov and said there was fiRhlins in the citys suburbs in which 20 soviet tanks were destroyed The only mention of Kharkov in the midday red army commun ique said that the Russians con tinued to advance in the region of CluiRuev about 22 miles southeast of Kharkov There were no reports from the battle lines northeast north and northwest of the important rail junction Nor were there late reports from Ihe or Kramatorsk sectors which marked the western lip of toedrive by the armies of ColGen N F Vatutin But in the region north of Ros tov the Russians said their forces had recaptured 20 more popu lated points west of Shakhty swooped down upon a number of towns west of Likhaya and pushed a flank southwest from Voroshilovsk after heavy Ger man counterattacks Here it was indicated Ihc soviet troops appeared to be closing in on the last remaining German held eastwest railway line in the Don ets road from Likhaya to Debaltscva The red army forces now reported to be both north and south of the line An earlier communique lold of Ihree counterattacks by picked German troops in the Chuguev area where it said hundreds of enemy dead and six disabled Ger man tanks were left on the battle field and lod of the rout of enemy infantry in another sector of that bntllofrnnl Red Star army newspaper said Taganrog was threatened both from the east and northeast and that soviet cavalry had slashed through to cut the rail way between Rostov and Tagan Tof possibly isolating a sizeable German rearguard North of Kharkov a soviet US BOMBERS HIT ST NAZAIRE 6 Missing as Nazis Put Up Stiff aBtlle AN AMERICAN BOMBER STA TION IN ENGLAND States fotirmotorecl ftoing fort resses and liberators attacked the German submarine base at St Nazairc in France Tuesday A daredevil German flying cir cus and a curtain distracting antiaircraft fire met the Ameri can bombers as they made their second attack against Europe in two days and the third allied as sault against battered St Nazaire in four days They attacked us right after we dumped our bombs came in again and again and kept after us for nearly an hour right until we got to the channel said Capt J Carter of Lawlon Okla pilot of the fortress Six bombers were reported missing from the raid The official United Stales and ailministry communique said in part was good nnd bombs were seen to burst in the target area where fires were started BUT AMERICANS LOSE GAFSA IN TUNISIA BATTLE Tank Combat Teams Smash Back Rommel Troops in Faid Area By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUAR TERS IN NORTH AFRICA AP American tank com jat teams have smashed back it Marshal Rommels veteran nrmored troops tinder an um rella of American fighter anes and forced the Gcr Tians back six miles in the Faid area of central Tunisia n the first big armament Jattlc oE North Africa Some 60 miles southwest of raid pass however the allied line been bent back and American and French troops had to aban don their forward base at Gafsa 75 miles west of the Gulf of Gabcs An allied communique Tuesday said small enemy forces had entered Gafsa Monday evening and dis patches direct from the front said the Americans and French evacuated the place Sunday night after Rommel began a big push Sunday morning which threatened to flank them The ragingtank battle to the north where Rommel had achieved a 20mile break through was the more impor tant however and if the Americans win the contest now in progress around Sidi Bouzid 75 miles west of Sfax the axis southern arm at Gafsa will be in a danger ous position Heavy casualties have been inflicted on the enemy a com petent military source reported but Iiofli sides were reported suffcrinff heavy losses in the furious battle north and south of Sidi Bouzid Amon German losses it was EISENHOWER AT FIGHTING FRONT ALLIED FORCE HEADQUAR TERS IN NORTH AFRICA Genera Divight D Eisenhower allied commnnderinchier in North Africa has been at the fighting front in Tunisia the past three clays as Marshal Rommel hurled his armored forces against American positions at Faid pass and was in turn counterattacked He left headquarters for the front last Friday and returned Tuesday 16 BELOW IS REPORTED HERE DES MOINES sub zero temperatures were reported throughout much of the state lion day night Lowest mark reported lo the weather bureau here was 16 de grees below zero at Mason City Other readings belovzero in broadcast reported the capture of eluded Spencer U Iowa City 9 Droskovo an important road June Ames 8 Cedar Rapids 7 tion between the two German stronepoinls of Orel and Livni This was part of the Russian offensive that powerful stemmed from Voronezh In setting west of Livni the Soviets had placed that city in active jeopardy I ton 6 Davenport 5 Fort Dodge 3 Dubuquc 3 and Uirnont I In its early report the Oureau forecast continue rather cold reported were 20 tanks The American position is con sidered fairly satisfactory a military source stated The Germans were said to be about 12 miles west of Faid Pass now with the Americans still holding high ground to the north vest of the Pass The Americans driven out oC idi Bouzid when the German at ack swept around both flanks ought back nnd eventually forced he Germans to some vhat These were Ihc Germans vho earlier had overrun Ameri can artillery posilions west of Faid Americanpiloted spitfires lightnings ami airacohras with their destructive cannon fire were sweeping almost continu ously over the heads of the struggling troops Tuesdays communique said It enemy planes were shot down in battles over the fighting area Monday and a spokesman said a great many more were damaged Cornered like a tiger Rommet hurled his most experienced armored units against untried American forces Sunday in what may be Germanys last great of fensive bid in Africa Apparently fighting for living room lo prolcct his flank the desertwise Rommel tried conclu sions with Gen Dwight D Eis enhowers forces on the high pla teau between Faid and Sbeitla where the chariots once raced to combat in the days of Carthage and Hannibal It was apparent from the size of Rommels threw into battle JflO to 150 thai his armored divisions have been revitalized by shipments from Italy since the days when he was retreating across the Libyan desert from Estjpt It appeared probable that I tiltjl mo Tuesday Warmer readings how attack was supported by part ot ever were expected Tuesday he n8ht i ihc 10th armored division from forces of Gen Jurgcn Yon ;