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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, February 16, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 16, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND A C H t V C i DCS Q I S I A THE NIWSPAMR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVII1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU FIVK CENTS A COPV WIRES MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 16 1942 TJUS PAPEK CONSISTS OFJCWO SECTIONS Registration Day A Wife Signs Up Her Husband Veteran for Draft Ralph D King 43 847 Third street northwest Is shown above completing his registration for selective service with the assistance of Mrs King one of the registrars Monday at the school administration building Their son Jack 21 also wss registered Monday at Ames where he is a senior engineering student at Iowa State college Mr King is a member of the American Legion and registered in the draft during the first World war but enlisted before he was called Mrs Kings brother isLieut Col P S Holmes with the quartermaster corps stationed at Atlanta Ga He enlistedih1917 and served overseas and has Treniaihed hi the army ever since Lock photo Kayenay engraving f First World Registers With Son John G Brown veteran of the first World war is shown above registering together with his son Warren The registrar is Miss Jane Wells Brown will be 44 on Mav 20 while his son will be 21 on April 2 Only two other sons 16 and 10 years old are at home Brown said and if War ren is drafted he will have to depend upon hired help but he will not ask deferment for his sou as a necessarv agri cultural worker he insisted Warren is now enrolled in the engineer science management defense training course which conducts a radio night school in Mason City Lock photo Kayenay engraving Butler in Hamilton Home Held by FBI PHILADELPHIA fP T h e Butler in the home of John D M Hamilton former republican na tional chairman has been arrest ed as at enemy alien the Phila delphia office of the federal bu reau ot investigation disclosed Monday Hamilton said he himself furnished information which led to seizure of the man xvho his name as Arthur Kalb H wife an American citizen wh acted as cook in the Hamilto household was not detained PALEMBANG CAPTURED IN JAP THRUST AT SUMATRA NO no RULES US CAN DRAFT PLANTS FOR AID IN WAR Supreme Court States Laws May Have to Be Added for Profiteers WASHINGTON IP The su ireme court said flatly Monday hat congress had constitutional power to draft business establish nents for the war effort and added bat still other measures may have o be devised to prevent profiteer ng Justice Black made these as sertions in a o to 1 opinion up holding contracts entered into by the government with the Bethlehem Shipbuilding corpo ration for the construction ot ships during the first World ivar Replying to the justice depart nents contention that tile con racts resulted in unconscionable profits for the shipbuilding com pany Black said that congress had said that the profits had been granted under congressional au thority and that the court was powerless to set them asideat this Lime Replying to another contention by the justice department that the governmehtwas desp erately in need of ships and was compelled toenter into contracts bydure5f Black said that the government has power to commandeer the ship building plant The constitution Black said grants to congress power to raise and support armies to provide and rnaintain a navy and to make all laws necessaiy and proper to carry these powers into execution Under this authority congress can draft men for battle service Its power to draft business organ izations to support the fighting men who risk their lives can be no less Black said that if additional laws were needed for protect ion against war profiteering the constitution has riven tn con gress not to this court the power to make them Noting that congress at times had authorized pricefixing limitec profits recaptured high profits through taxation and had reservec to the government the right to cancel contracts after being made Blacks majority opinion added The government had requisi tioned existing production facili ties or itself built and operated new ones to provide needed wai materials It may be that one 01 some or all of these measures should be utilized more compre hensively or that still other meas ures must be devised Sub Shells Oil Refinery on Aruba in First Land Attack of War in West Hemisphere WILLEMSTAD Curacao Dutch West Indies the first at ack of the war on land of the western hemisphere an enemy sub marine shelled oil XYA WAREHOUSE DAMAGED DBS MOINES two alarm ire partly destroyed na tional youth administration ware house here Monday A C Gei singer state warehouse superin tendent estimated the damage at FATE OF 60000 IS NOT KNOWN London Fears Many in Singapore May Have Been Surrendered LONDON sprea Monday that the entire empin garrison estimated at 60000 men had been involved in the surren der of Singapore to the Japanese Nearly 24 hours after the cessa tion fighting government au thorities said they were complete without news of the situation o the fate ot the British Australian Indian Malayan and Sarawak troops A military commentator dis closed that some time Sunday af ternoon Singapore time Gen A E Percival commanding at Singa pore advised Gen Sir Archibali Wavell united nations commande in chief that because of heavy losses and lack fuel fooc and ammunition his position wa hopeless and further defense wa impossible and that he intendec to surrender The commentator said that ht had no information whatever on axis reports that many cmpir troops had evacuated Buy your defense jarinri stamps from your Gazette carrie boy or at the GG business office marine shelled oil Monday on the United Statesgar risoned Dutch West Indies island of Aruba about 700 miles from he Panama canal and torpedoed hree tankers oft its coast A fourth tanker was badly dam aged near the harbor of Willem jtad Curacao 75 miles east but did not sink Aneta news agency Both islands sites of the larg est and second largest oil refin eries in the world are guarded by American troops cooperat ing with the Dutch in their de fense Aneta said only slight damage was done to the refinery of the Standard Oil company of New Jersey target of the submarines shells on Aruba and there were no casualties on the island Both Aruba and Curacao refine nigh octane aviation gasoline lafcen from the big wells in Vene zuela and Colombia in vast quan tities for American defense and the allied war machine Recently the Lago company the Standard Oil subsidiary of Aruba announced plans for ex pansion of its processing plant here The Royal Dutch Shell Oil company has some rf its largest refineries on Curacao supplying More oatthird of the all for the dispatch aitPnot ally say that the three tankers were sunk in this first axis attack on shore objectivesin the ern hemisphere but the wording indicated that they were American troops recently ar rived in Aruba which is just off the shore of Venezuela to protect the oil installations there The refinery was only slightly damaged in the attack Aneta said and there were no casualties on land The number of casualties among the tanker crews was not learned immediately A fourth tanker was torpedoed near Willemstad harbor and was badly damaged but did not sink One person was slightly injured on that vessel Aruba is the site ot the worlds largest oil refinery and Curacao has the second largest For that reason British marines landed there in May 1940 to aid Dutch authorities in providing protec tion The United States state der partment announced on Feb 11 that United States troops of un staled number had been sent to Aruba and Curacao at the re quest of the Netherlands gov ernment to operate under the direction of the governor of Curacao Arubas area is about 70 square miles Curacaos harbor nearby has long been an important ship ping center with many tankers calling to load Venezuelan oil re fined there for the eastern IT S seaboard and other markets United Spates troops were sent tothe islands because the Neth erlands government feared that Germany might attempt to syn chronize a stab at the West In dies with a Japanese offensive in the East Indies Tile step was approved by Vene7uela AIRMEN BOMB SUB HONORED Letters Awarded Six Flyers Reveal Attack on East Coast UBoat NEW YOHK JP The army air force disclosed Monday the probable destruction of an enemy submarine off the east coast by an army bomber Four bombs were dropped near the undersea raider as it attempted to crash dive after attacking an American tanker The disclosure was made at Governors Island when six mem bers of the planes crew were awarded letters of commendation The army said that the bombs xvere dropped from 1000 feet and that one of them exploded near the hull of the submarine An oil slick 50 feetin diameter ap peared on the surface and was followed by a second slick a few moments later The time and location ot the attack were not given NEARTHATON Japanese Apparently Trying to Choke Off Supplies to China BANGOON Burma Japanese columns supported by dive bombers and machinegun ning fighter planes drove peril ouslyclose to Thaton Monday in a drive to choke off supplies lo China over the winding Burma road Thaton is only 50 miles south west of Pegu important rail cen ter of the RangoonMandalay and HangoonMartaban lines and it appeared that the invaders were aiming at the junction city The fall of Pegu would cut the rail way feeding the Burma road A London military commenta tor said that the fighting was ob scure and that Thaton might now be in Japanese hands 3 ARE KILLED IN GRUNDYCENTER BUS CAR CRASH Mason Cityan Among Passengers Injured in Highway Tragedy GRUNDY CENTER persons were killed one seriously injured and five others suffered minor injuries when an automo bile driven by R M Corbin of Ce dar Heights Waterloo suburb and an Interstate bus crashed six miles north of here about oclock Sunday evening The dead were Mrs a M Cor bin 54 her son Robert 25 and Louis Goldman J7 Waterloo all passengers in the Corbin car Cor bin is in a Waterloo hospital suf fering fipm serious injuries but i his condition is not considered critical this morning Bus passengers who suffered Injuries include Dorothy Haren 19 Grundy Center on knees and legs Charles Freeman 45 Spencer mouth injury Mrs Herbert Rosenbaum 53 Forres ton 111 throat injury Mrs Mar Jtaret Schuler 65 Grundy Cen ter sprained arm and Slisa Mar itaret Severs 25 Mason City head contusion The Corbins were on theiiway home from a wedding anniversary had picked Goldman up at a cafe here to give him a ride to Waterloo According to Corbins story he was confused by the rain fog and lights of the bus He said he prob ably pulled too far to the right side of the road and ran on to the shoul der When he attempted to pull his car back to the paving he said it skidded sideways directly into the path of the bus which struck it almost in the center The bus swerved to the side ot the road but remained upright The injured were brought here for first aid and a relict bus was sent heresometime after midnight It was the first fata motor accident in Grundy county this year The Interstate bus was driven by Roy Ducommun of Mason City Coroner L D Coffman of Grundy Center said there would be no inquest Singapores Fall Hailed by Japanese TOK1O From Japanese Broad casts celebrated the conquest of Singapore Monday as a tremendous achievement giving her armed forces the key to India and Australia and virtual control over vital supply routes to embat tled China Even an official warning that the Avar is still far from won and that Kreat struggles lie ahead failed to dampen rejoic ing over he blow to British prestige and to allied strategy in the Pacific The official announcement of the rail of the citadel over which the British flag had waved for 123 years said the surrender hod been complete and unconditional Domei in a dispatch from Singapore said Monday British wcreon vacation the acti forces in Singapore at the time o the surrender comprised 60000 men These troops include cam paigning forces fortress guards and volunteers made up of 15000 ot the British metropolitan forces 13OQO Australians and the re mainder Indians it said There are a million inhnbi nts still in Singapore including 100000 British It was announced that 000 members of the British garrison would serve as an auxiliary po lice force to maintain order until Japanese troops who entered the city at 8 a m Monday could complete their occupation The remainder of he garri son laid down its arms at 10 oclock Sunday night and the Japanese said the captives would be marched off at once to prison camps Japanese n a v n 1 authorities meanwhile announced that they immediately occupied ail the Brit ish naval and coastal defense bases of Singapore after an jreemenl for their transfer reached by British and Japanese officers at Fort Canning Dotnei said a decision was reached concerning the disposal of Miss Margaret Severs whose home is at 419 Polk avenue south west was expected to return home Monday noon with Miss Rose May S40 First street southeast The two on lhoilway home Artillery and Planes Slash at Mac Arthur WASHINGTON by heavy artillery fire and aerial at tacks Japanese infantry is slash ing at Gen Douglas MacArthurs Bataan peninsula defense lines at several points a communique said Monday in describing what may be the prelude of the enemys big offensive Undaunted by the fall of Singa pore 1500 miles to the southwest which has increased the threat to Mac Arthur the outnumbered American and Filipino forces were grimly resisting the new Nipponese bloivs Mondays war department communique describing prog ress of the Philippine fightmjr as reported np lo m CTVT There was heavy enemy artillery fire in Bataan during the past Z4 hours1 trip lo Mew York when happened Both suf arAcnv u tercd facial cuts MASON CITY Much colder with cold wave Monday afternoon and Monday night Lowest tern Pni 11 Ikl perature Monday night about IjuLIJ If H V I 111 10 below occasional light snow w U 111 with fresh to moderately strong wind Monday afternoon IOWA Much colder Monday aft ernoon and Monday night with moderate cold wave Occasional light snow Monday afternoon and in the northeast and ex treme east portions Monday night Fresh to moderately strong winds Monday afternoon and in the east portion early Monday night IOWA SHIPPERS FORFCAST Northwest 15 below northeast 10 below southeast 10 above southwest zero MINNESOTA Cold wave Monday afternoon and Monday night with occasional light snow eat and central portions Monday af ternoon and near Lake Superior Monday night Fresh to strong winds diminishing west portion Monday afternoon and in east portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 32 Minimum Sunday night 24 At 8 a m Monday 24 Precip 23 inch Snow 4 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum Precipitation 02 Snowfall i inch The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 34 Minimum in night 17 At 8 a m Sunday 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum jg British warships Singapore ports remaining in Trie dispatch did not indicate what that decision or what warships remained at Singapore Admiral Shieetaro Slumadi navy minister told parliament that Japanese submarines al ready were operating in the In dian ocean and that Japanese naval operations there would be extended now that Singapore has fallen the IOWA FORECAST Temperatures as Low as 15 Below Predicted for State in Night DBS MOINES cold wave headed into losva Monday and the weatherman forecast temperatures as low as 5 degrees beloiv zero by Tuesday morning in the north west Occasional light snow predicted Monday afternoon am in the northeast and extreme east Monday night while f7csh u moderately strong winds were in prospect for Monday afternoon and in the cast early Monday night Snow and rain fell in Iowa over the weekend leaving pavements slippery and driving hazardous Emperor Hirohito who received e personal reports of his mili tary loaders sent a message of congratulations to his Malay cam paign commanders Both houses of the parliament meeting in special session votcci resolutions expressing the nn lions thanks to the forces which seized the British stronghold Although the news of Singa pores fall touched off a spontane ous celebration the formal festi vities are scheduled for Wednes day when it was announced here Japanese troops make their triumphal entry into the captured city Precipitation reports included I partment Ames 55 or an inch Burlingtor H Cedar Rapid 20 Charles City 77 Davenport 11 DCS Motnes 34 Dubuque 14 Fort Dodge 45 Omaha 10 Story City 42 Iowas reading up to a m was 18 at Sioux City after a high Sunday of 38 at Burlington Lindbergk Registers for Selective Service WASHINGTON W Smiling but declining to answer questions Charles Augustus Lindbergh the Tamoits aviator registered here Monday for selective service Lindbergh formerly held a com mission in the air corps reserves but resigned it last summer while making speeches criticizing the presidents foreign policies He is now engaged in a civilian re search assignment for the war de and Davenport At midmorning the thermometer registered 30 at Des Moincs The state highway commission reported highways nearly normal in the southern half ot the slate Monday while ice and snow will be encountered in the northern half Buy your defense stamps from vour Glohc Gazette carrier I boy or at the GG business office Seaman Is Killed by Blast Aboard Tankei NEW YORK seaman was killed and another blown overboard by an explosion aboard he Atlanlic Helming company tanker Point Breeze Sunday nibt after it ran aground in Long Is land Sound near City Island The second victim still miising Monday Tho third naval dis trict said a leakage in the A ton vessels cargo of 3000 gallon if gasoline resulted in the blast but that no fire occurred The ship was refloated later NIPPONESE PAY HEAVY TOLL TO MAKE ADVANCE United Nations Report Great Devastation Is Caused to Jap Invaders By CLYDE A FARNS WORTH Associated Press War Editor The Japanese already victors at Singapore gained another step pingstone Monday in their south ward in southern the united nations were exacting a frightful price for this gain on the approach to Java United Stales Dutch and Brit ish planes furrowing Banska strait with their bombs scored direct hits on two Japanese cruisers and five crowded trans ports One of the cruisers was set afire The xmited nations command from its Java headquarters an nounced that fighters and bombers had caused great devastation among the Japanese moving into the Palembang region The smoke of the Dutch searched earth policy hung over the great oil refining center The damage estimated at was sard to be the greatest piece of deliberate destruction by man of his own property battle of Malaya Has ended in a bloody but complete Japanese victory which planted the risirig sim bnnncr on the battlements of Singapore The crucial battle of the Netherlands East Indies has started with Japanese capture of the Palembang foothold in southern Sumatra on the inva sion road to Java and Australia is girding for her struggle These closely linker develop ments in the southward drive of a surprisingly powerful foe were in turn deeply related to the other major Japanese drive in Burma to cut China off from the supplies oC the other united nations and force the eastern gateway to India That briefly was the war pic ture Monday in the western Pa cific region The united nations evi dently envisaged nothing more than holding actions until their full war potential could be mo bilized for he eventual counter thrust against Japan Japanese invasion forces pour ing into southern Sumatra by sea and river after a suicidal thrust by airborne shock troops had been crushed have captured Palem bang inland center nf one of the worlds richest oil fields only 25n miles from Bilnvjji capital of the j Netherlands East Indies That was announced officially in Batnvia In Australia Prime Minister Curlin called for mobilization of everything we have in the commonwealths fight for life now that Singapore long prnud ly called the British empires Gibraltar of the orient has been reduced to a shell of prison for empire troops which survived the illstarred fight The Japanese said unofficially that their captives in surrendered Singapore numbered 60000 men and that the million inhabitants ot the island included British London held no hope that any large force had escaped for the Singapore strategy had called for a fight to the end The battle of Australia was seen as inevitable and impending No longer is there a time factor m which we can place reliance said Prime Minister Curtin at Syd ney The batlle of Australia de mands what the batlle of Britain required We must work and fight as we have never worked and fought before He called the fall of Singapore Australias tht sense that it precludes her light for ex istence rather tlian withdrawal The Dutch announced that 109 parachute shock troojK had been cut down almost to a man that direct hits had blasted three transports carrying Japanese soldiers toward Falembang and that they had destroyed alt vital points in the Talcmbang area This last movr apparently meant the wiping out of great refining plants lo prevent the Japanese from using them The fall of Singapore Sunday night was announced to the em pire and the world by Prime I Minister Churchill in a broadcast ;