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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 16, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HARLGJ E R HIST AR T DEiT Of lOVA COMP 3 e o i e s i A THI NfWSTAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NOKTH IOWANS NHGHMRS HOME EDITION VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED FBESS AND UNITED PRESS FIVE CENTS A copy MASON CITY THE MIGHT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 16 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OV TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO li G 0 P WILL MEET IN PHILADELPHIA Sunuicr Welles Welles Job to Be Ticklish By CHARLES P STEWART Central Press Columnist DESPITE President Roosevelts advice to newspaper correspond ents not to draw any conclusions ol their own i n connection with Undersec retary State Sumner Welles trip to Europe to sound out neutral govern ments on the subject of post wai Peace ar rangements and to discuss pres entwar condi at to1 ligerent coun tries capitals plenty of guessing is being done in Washington rela tive to Welles mission Such guessing as IS being done the president warned the scribes in advance is bound to be all wrong Nevertheless the reporters are hard at it and so are all the sena tors and representatives down on the hill Most of the legislators say they think the expedition will do no harm even i it does no good Still theres an undercurrent of senti ment to the ellect that the experi ment is unpleasantly suggestive of monkeying with a buzzsaw Isolationists pessimistically recall that in the early days of the lasl var President Wilson had a rov ing ambassador in the Old World in the person of Colonel House and their contention is that the colonel had a good bit to do with getting the United States into the conflict Third Term Possibilities Another theory suggestedby antithird termers is that the house wants to have a promising looking line of peace activitieswagging along as the preconvention political campaign progresses with Washington man aging It the idea being that plenty of people will oppose having it in terfered with by a change in ad ministrations thus that the de mand for F Ds renomination will become overwhelming These guessers thesis is Woodrow Wilson was reelect ed largely on the slogan Hes kept us out of war Now President Roosevelt is trying to go Wilson one better by making it appear that hes about to end todays war altogether Neutrals vs Belligerents Its quite widely surmised that Welles will have very good luck With the neutrals It also is conjectured that Fueh rer Hitler will grab at whatever proposal is contemplative of peace again but substantially on his own terms Its suspected that he begins to realize that hes bitten off more than he can chew and maybe will be disposed even to make small concessions in order to escape from a dangerous Gor man situation But nobody be lieves that hell consent to abdi cate his own fuehrership As to the British and French however London and Paris dispatches al ready show their reaction to the Welles visits Their position is that theyve told specifically what their only peace condition is the ex t tinction of Hitler and nazidom Naturally thats Adolfs non possums It looks then like a deadlock as between Germany and Britain and France Its hard to see how that scrap can go to anything but a knockout no mere decision Italys different Its taken for granted that Benito Mussolini is as pacific in this particular in stance as could be desired Italy has everything to lose and nothing to gain in the pending muss Its difficult to understand why its in cluded among the belligerent countries S u m n e iWelles is scheduled to visit It isnt bellig erent A Crafty Diplomat And theres Russia still to be reckoned with Sumner isnt slated to call at Moscow Apparently that outfits deemed too nutty to ne gotiate with Sumner Welles is a crafty dip lomat Hes a career man a pro fessional American diplomacy usually in the past has been outdiploma tized in its foreign dickerings oe cause the foreigners have been ex perts at the game and our crowd have been amateurs Colonel House for instance knew no more about world conditions than a rab bit Welles is a shark at em He not only is experienced hes a genius House was played for a suck Welles wont be lie lakes a ticklish assignment though RedForces Advance Taking Part of Summa FINNS DECLARE MAIN DEFENSE SYSTEM INTACT Russians Reported 20 Miles From Finlands Second Largest City By THOMAS F HAWKINS HELSINKI Finnish command admitted Friday that the Russians had penetrated farther into Finlands Mannerhei mline positions in the great battle of the Karelian isthmus but declared that Russian gains had been bought at the price of great losses This acknowledgement of Russian gains in the 16clayold battle was made in a communi que issued shortly after a Fin nish military informant admit ted that the invading had seized at least a Dart of the village of Summa Around that village the severest part ot the islhmus battle lias been raging A Finnish spokesman acknowl edged that even though the Rus sians are suffering great lossas the seriousness of the battle is Hitlers Paper Says Defeat of Finland by Reds Inevitable BERLIN Hitlers newspaper Voikucher Beobach ter in a threecolumn article Friday asserted that a complete defeat of Finland by Russia is inevitable The article repeated the fa miliar German contention that England hopes to prolong the RussianFinnish conflict by per suading the Scandinavian coun tries to jump in to help the Finns Much of the world press which is sympathetic to Finland has published wild reports to Finn victories when under win ter conditions the Finns suc ceeded occasionally in cutting Russian communications Beo bachtcr said not thereby minimized He stressed that the defenders have fewer men guns and airplanes than the invaders The situation recalled repeated assertions of the Finns that against this tremendous power they must have help Premier Hansson of Sweden disclosed Friday that Finland had appealed for transport of Swed ish military groups to Finland and that Sweden had declined The problem of Finlands getting outside military help quickly was said in Stockholm to be acute If the Finns do not get it they must ask Russia for a peace one Stock holm newspanel said London pointed out that tech nical difficulties would prevent Britain and France from sending troops lo Finland quickly After already having acknowl edged some Russian gains on Feb 13 the Finns in their communique Friday said East of the Summa sector and at a couple of outposts in a defile between Lake Muolo and the Vuoksi river the enemy succeeded in penetrating to our positions The lineis a deep series of for ifications so arranged that posi tions can be lost without neces sarily risking a serious break The Finns reported they bombed Russian encampments and railways and stations be hind the Russian lines and en Raeed in several successful air battles The communique said 500 Rus sian planes took part in raids on the isthmus in which 34 persons were killed and 60 injured Viipuri Polk Jury Fails to Uncover Large Scale Rum Running as Had Been Charged by Herring No Evidence Found Warranting Indictments or Prosecutions DES MOINES The Polk county grand jury Friday reported that its threeweeks investigation of illicit liquor traffic had failed to uncover evidence of large scale rum running as charged by United States Senator Clyde L Herring Testimony of 39 witnesses and a large amount of documentary evidence x x x does not disclose any such violations the report said or the availability at this time of any evidence warranting indictments or prosecutions We Jind that the recent agi tations are largely the result of the competitive bickerings be tween the representatives of distilleries and can reasonably be expected to continue and exist so long as the distillers are permitted to maintain such promotional representatives in Iowa The jury heard testimony from a dozen liquor representatives in its investigation The report expressed regret that Senator Herring had failed to give us his assistance either as a witness in person or by furnish ing us with the information which n public statements he claimed he lad with reference to the matters yhichhave been under investiga ion County Attorney FrancisKuble had requested the senator to ap pear before the grand jury with reference to statements made last Dec 26 Tlie senator at that time charged that illegal liquor was flowing into Iowa and Polk county by Jhe truck load He blamed he Iowa liquor control commissions 5 per cent price boost last fall for what he termed bootlegging Liquor Chairman M L Curtis that state store prices on the average were the lowest in the country and that the bootleggers market was constantly shrinking although a large amount of cheap contraband liquor was continuing o come into the state The only tangible suggestion that there might be such violations of the Iowa liquor control act in Polk county are contained in re ports eminnting from without the state the jury statement said and are so remote in point of iime and place as to be of no value lo law enforcement officers in Polk county The jury asked the liquor com mission to curb sales to operators holding federal liquor permits and holders of beer permits and sug gested discontinuance ot abnor mally large sales to individuals as will eliminate the possibility of the illegal diversion of intoxicat ing liquors legally sold The jury recommended that officials responsible for the issu ance of licenses to beer taverns should exercise the greatest dili gence in following the letter and spirit of the law not only in the HOUSE PASSES NAVY BILL WITH GUAM CUT OUT Total Less Than Asked by F R But More Than Present Peace Record WASHINGTON house passed a navy appropriation bill Friday but for the second time in less than a year eliminated funds proposed for developing the Pacific island of Guam Although Ihe bill which now goes to the senate carried 699699 less than President Roose velt recommended it still would give the navy about more than it received for the cur Lappeenranta and were bombed Riihimaki all The Finns said they shot down eight enemy planes A military informant said prior to issuance of Fridays commu nique that the Russians had made no gains since Feb 13 But he said the Russians were and presumably still are in Summa village around which nave ragcd the fiercest phases of the great battle which the Finns liken lo Frances stand at Verdim in the World war The village had been demolished he added Summa is 20 milessoutheast of Viipuri Finlands second largest issuance of licenses but in revocation of such licenses the It also asked that Polk county residents make timely reports of alleged violations of the Iowa liquor control act to the proper law enforcement officials city and apparent objective of the Russian drive Fridays Russian communique said the red army was advancing toward Kamara railway station five miles north of Summa with the Finns retreating to the rear abandoning arms and war mater ial and suffering grave The Finnish informant said Russians retained some first line positions cast of Summa which they captured Feb 13 as was reported in the Finnish communi que of the following day The press representative at Finnish general headquarters said he had no information on the battle Friday Finnish officers said that their men had been mowinp the Russians down like wheat in the isthmus fighting bnt that nevertheless the invaders con tinued their attack with un abated fury The Finns have called up men of 42 to 44 years to help beat back the drive Day after day the Finns are fighting with fewer men fcwei artillery pieces and fewer planes than the invaders peacetime ent fiscal ecoid V It included funds to start work on 19 new combat ships five auxiliary vessels and 352 additional airplanes as well as money to carry on construction of 79 warships and auxiliaries already on the ways Also in the measure were funds ovTwing the navys enliste strength to 150000 an increase o 5000 over the figure ordered by the president in his limited emer gency proclamation last fall Opposition to the item included for Guam to sta a harbor dredging anc seawall construction project pro vided the only serious opposition to the huge supply bill The money was eliminated after foes contended the project constitutec the first step toward ultimate for tification of the tiny island a step they warned would lead pos sibly to war wilh Japan A score or more members fought the proposal vigorously on the ground that the sugr eested improvements consti tuted the first step toward forti fication of the tiny island some 1500 miles from and thus threatened potential trouble with Japan One argument advanced by Rep Richards DS Dak was that approval of the project would lead to abandonment of this coun trys plan for giving the Philip pines their independence The South Carolinian said i was not a wise tiling for th United States to undertake a proj ect 6000 miles from home where we have nothing defend bu Tanker Ablaze After UBoat Attack Smoke billows from the blazing Brilish tanker Grclafield shown before it sank after beinattacked by a German submarine off the northern coast of Scotland It was reported that 13 members of the crew were missing and 28 men were picked up by trawlers This picture was radioed from London to New Finnish Loss Spreads Alarm Among Allies Scandinavians Tiny Nation Long this one small island in the midst of 1000 Japanesemandated is lands especially he added in asmuch as Japan is not considered friendly to this country Slips Carrying Fish Spear Spears Himself t F S MOINES Gaines 31 will be more cautious next time he carries a fish spear He slipped on an icy sidewalk while carrying one Thursday and a prong of the spear penetrated two inches into his arm just below ihe elbow Boone Bicycle Law Under Consideration BOONE city attorney and llic city councils ordinance committee are studying a proposed Boone bicycle ordinance which would strictly regulate riders The proposed ordinance requiring in spections and licenses would be modeled along the same lines as the one recommended by the Na tional Safety Council Searchlights Are Kept on of Roosevelts Ship ABOARD THE DESTROYER LANG cruiser Tusca loosa bearing President Roosevelt toward a secret destination in the Atlantic pushed through choppy seas at high speed Friday after weathering a stormy night during which the warship and two con voying destroyers kept search lights focused on Hie U S flag lo indicate their nationality Recognized Help From Outside Is Essential Biy ASSOCIATED PRESS Finlands first signs of cracking spread alarm through Britain France and the three Scandinavian countries who dont wish to be come battlefields The ponderous soviet war ma chine admittedly has beaten the Finns at several points during the past week Soviet assertions of specific captures of forts in ihe famed Maimerheim line were scoffed at by the Finns a ago but now they an nounce reverses They empha the seriousness of these de feats by repeated calls for the world to help them before it is too late V Two classes of 42 years and 43 years been called to the colors This is the 16th day of the big soviet drive northwestward along the Karelian isthmus toward Fin lands second city Viipuri Soviet communiques since Feb 8 have claimed capture of 153 forts of various importance in the Manner heim line The Finns admit only that they have lost some positions but they minimize the seriousness of their defeats Probably a million men are en gaged on the two sides fighting on five main fronts from the isthmus at the southeastern tip ot Finland 750 miles north to the Pctsnmo area far up in the Arctic region Finnish censorship kept back little news except the knowledge of Finnish losses Finns reported tens of thousands of soviet dead on battlefields but still contend they lost few men because of the Man nerhoim defense tactics of ma chinegun and automatic rifle fighting from thousands of well protected dugouts pillboxes and widely scattered forts The Mamierhcim line itself is a multiplicity of fortified points over a broad area so that loss of a few pojilions may not be serious AVar in the air devastated scores of towns and villages and damaged cities and military points but Finnish aviation fre quently appeared to fight back capably Finland from the first recog nized help must come if Finland were to hold out The Finns warned Britain France and Scan dinavia that the war was theirs as much as hers France and Britain promised help British Prime Min ister Chamberlain and French Premier Daladicr said they were helping without specifying how except that substantial aid was going Volunteers from the Finns in the United States and of many na tionalities in other countries filter toward Finland French Italian and American planes are said lo hnve arrived in Finland but whether or not the total of these is effective help Finland has not said LOOK INSIDE FOR FATHER COUGHUN Wants to Testify at Dies Committee Probe PAGE 2 Letter Carriers and Auxiliary Will Meet PAGE 8 Mason City Plays in Saturday Night Scrap PAGE 9 Brazil Takes Steps to Prevent Messages From Nazi Freighter BELEM Brazil Brazilian marines boarded the German freighter Koiiigsberg in Brazilian waters Friday and the Brazilian gunboat Amapa sta tioned itself nearby to insure com pliance with the Brazilian neu trality lavprohibiting operation of ships radios for communica tion with belligerents The Konigsberg was boarded as she lay 55 miles from Belem but in Brazilian territorial waters Maritime authorities ordered the vessel either to sail outside territorial waters or return to Belem whence she had sailed Feb 8 with 2000 tons of rubber This action was taken when it was discovered the ship had in stalled radio equipment which made it possible for her to com municate with German warships in violation of the neutrality law OFFICERS ARE NAMED AMES Mitchell of Reinbeck was elected president of the Iowa Milking Shorthorns as sociation Thursday Norman Shaver of New Providence was named vice president and Roy Cook ot Independence secretary treasurer WILL PRODUCE CORN ALCOHOL CoOp Oil Companies Will Support Product forUse as Motor Fuel AMES pro duction of corn alcohol to b blended with gasoline for moto fuel long a dream of farm econo mists will be undertaken soon b a group of cooperative oil com panies in Iowa The group will form a nonstock corporation to be known as tlv Power Alcohol Cooperative asso ciation and will have headquar lers at Ames It Is planned to construct a plant capable of producing 2500 ffallnns of alcohol a day from 1000 bushels of corn The orig inal investment will be about 5200000 The association plans to sell i gasoline with a blend of 10 per cent of corn alcohol at a price only slightly if any above regu lar grades of gasoline The alcohol would be substitut ed for all or part of the tetraethyl lead now put in gasoline to avoid motor knocks Iowa State college experts have been making tests for sev eral years on the practicability of using corn alcohol with gaso line Their experiments mw have lieen virtually concluded and they said that corn alcohol now is ready In step out of the laboratory onto he highway Sponsors ot the plan believe it will use up huge surpluses of corn now stored under the federal corn loan law and crcale an enormous new field for the use of Iowas main farm crop Unsuccessful efforts have been made in recent Iowa legislative sessions to require the use of corn alcohol in all gasoline sold in the state GROUP DECIDES CONVENTION TO START JUNE 24 Hamilton Would Like Clear New Deal Race Against F R 3rd Term WASHINGTON AP Republicans will meet at hiladelphia Monday June 24 lo name their presidential mcl vice presidential nom nees and adopt their 1940 jlatform The dale and place were fixed Friday by the republican national committee The republican convention will meet at 11 a m on June 24 V if When the roll call was an nounced it showed 67 voles for Philadelphia 30 for Chicago and 2 for Fareo N Dak The vole llien was made unani nous for Philadelphia on motion nt Hill Blackett Illinois nalional Loinmilleeinan William Stern member from Morlh Dakota made the humorous offer that the convention meet in iis city of Fargo Republican Chairman John Hamilton said Friday that lie wel comed the possibility of President Roosevelts nomination for a third term which he predicted would result in a democratic defeat We would have a clearcut issue and once and for all we would have a showdown on the new deal Franklin Roosevelt and the third we would finish all three Hamil ton told the republican luUim al committee meeting tf let the time and place for the iimrtys convention Declaring that all signs point lo a republican victory this year he said So demoralized and embittered by internecine feuds is the demo cratic party that it cannot pre sent a common front against us On the other hand our ranks are closed in a harmonious under slanding of the great task before us The morale of our workers in every part ot the country is thnt of men and women who possess knoxvledge that victory is within their grasp Our parly is out of debt We have available halfadozen or more trustworthy and humanitarian well qual ified lo add luster to Ihe presiden tial office We need select but one of them and with righteous prin ciples on our side we are as sured of a sweeping victory next Nov 5 Hamiltons thirdterm refer ences climaxed a speechcritic izing the new deaf which he pictured as waging a defensive retreating fight Never has there been an ad ministration in Washington he said that so disregarded the plain mandate of the constitution as this one never has there been a nalional leadership that boldly undertook to sabotage Ihe judi IS SUICIDE VICTIM CHEROKEE death ot Arthur Bagenslos 28 who wis found shot to death in his garage was termed a suicide by a cor oners jury at an inquest The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy Friday uiglit and Saturday with intermittent lijht rain changing to snoiv west Friday night and cast Sat urday colder Saturday and west and central Friday night MINNESOTA Cloudy and colder intermittent light snow Friday night and cast and cen tral Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday XI Minimum Thursday night 32 At 8 a m Friday 31 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Snowfall Trace cial system before the new deal its partisans never before has there been a party in tried to pack the supreme court with 1933 power that has given such ardent sympathy and encouragement to subversive elements seeking the downfall of our American syslem And now this regime would torpedo another American tradi tion the tradilion that no man irrespective of how great he is shall fill the presidential cliair longer than eight years V Thciv own words confess tlieii lack of candidates as the new dealers undertake lo promulgate the doctrine of the one indispen sable man a doctrine which they would transplant here from Ihe dictatorships Once we act Hamilton sairt new dealers without doubt will select a date later than ours for they fear to trust their own judgment in framing of a platform and the selection of c a n d i d a t cs Unashamedly Ihcy admit there is so little leadership left in their ranks that they must wait to sec what we do HOW art the mighty fallen Will Set Date for Democrats Soon M I A M I Fla OPjChairman James A Farley of the demo cratic national committee said friday he would set a date in the next few days for the partys na tional convention in Chicago The parly leader and postmaster gen eral was here for a JO day vaca tion m P If ft K ci i i SiSsi ;