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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 16, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII F1VS CENTS A COPT ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 16 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 114 Gov Murphy in Limelight Michigan Man Lauded for Handling of Strike F D R URGES AID FOR TENANTS By JACK VINCENT DETROIT Frank Murphy of Michigan emer ges from the auto strike settlement as a national figure and political commentators already are discus sing his possibilities as a presiden tial candidate in 1940 Blazoning of his name in the nation of course helped the Murphy cause I True also mentioned for 1940 is Pennsylvanias governor George H Earle Uniquely Earle also may be pur to a strike test similar to the one Murphy had to undergo during the first six weeks of his term John L Lewis CIO which di rected the auto strikes also is planning a drive against steel mills this spring and if it reaches the strike stage it is expected to be as momentous as the auto dispute Governor Earle then will have a knotty problem Governor Murphy came through his strike test with flying colors He was praised by the president by General Motors officials by Secretary of Labor Frances Per kins and by labor leaders Typical of the comment is the statement j France and Italy ofWilliam S Knudsen GM execj the exception of Portugal utive vice president who said as i nation on the international 26 Powers Pledged to Shun Spains Civil War VOLUNTEERS OF ITALY FRANCE HASTEN ACTION Outsiders Seek to Get Under Wire Before Pact Becomes Operative Feb 20 i LONDON na I tions approved a neutrality com j mittcc proposal Tuesday to halt I tne flow of volunteers and muni tions into waning Spain by Sat urday midnight as a rush of mili tary recruits over the Spanish border apparently developed in the strike settlement agreement was signed A great job by a great gover In Murphys Lap The General Motors strike as sumed serious proportions jus hands off Spain committee rati fied the deadline set for midnight Feb 20 They also accepted a supervisory enforcement plan to become effective March 6 French in Spain The committee delegated the Governor Murphy I Portuguese question to its sub committee which Monday night was inaugurated as governor Jan 1 For six weeks he struggled day and night to bring General Motors officials and the CIOs United Automobile Workers together for a settlement handed down the recommenda French sympathizers of the Spanish government meanwhile were pouring across the frontier r to fight in defense of Madrid An Both sides said they wouldn j 000 Flenchmen were they did come Murphy recalls That is the story in a nutshell It is a story of success in isce of skepticism that it couldnt be But while Murphy was bringing the embattled factions to gether he had an even more deli cate The governor had to move National Guardsmen to Flint as a precautionary measure Yet the troops were handled in such a fashion under the direction of Murphy that not a single life was lost nor did the soldiers figure in any serious engagement Under the governors orders the guardsmen held aloof and were not used in any efforts that might be con strueo as harming civil liberties said to have gone to Spain since the first of the month In Rome well informed persons interpreted the fact that Italians have admitted their own were largely responsible for insurgent capture of Malaga as evidence there would be no letup in the aid of General Francisco Franco until midnight Saturday No Additional Germans Germany whose volunteers also have fought for Francos insur Negotiations Are Continued in Conference DETROIT points omit tec in the settlement of the Gen oral Motors strike provided the I basis for negotiations Tuesday be tween representatives of the cor poration and the United Automo 1 bie Workers of America I In marked contrast with the six i weeks labor dispute and at i tendant disorders peace prevailed throughout the strike centers ad ditional employes were returning to work national guardsmen were leaving Flint and that citys commission declared ended the state of The agreement last Thursday that terminated the prolonged strike disposed of two of the eight demands the union submitted to General collective bar gaining conference and recognition of the union for collective bar gaining purposes Conference Opens The terms provided that the re maining six points be negotiated in a conference opening Tuesday be uveen delegations representing each side The meeting will not be attended by either of the con ciliators who effected the strike Frank Murphy and James F Dewey of the de partment of Jabor In a letter to corporation execu tives Jan 4 asking for a confer ence Homer Martin U A W A president listed the six issues as follows of all piece work systems of pay and the adoption of a straight hourly rate in its place Thirtyhour ana sixhour work day and timeand onehalt for all time worked over the basic work day and work week Establishment of a minimum rate of pay commensurate with an Held for Slaying of Wife gents apparently was convinced I American standard of living Franco could win without addi tional help There was no indi cation large numbers of Germans were joining the last hour dash to the war zone The naval patrol program re Asks Reinstatement Reinstatement of all employes who have been unjustly dis charged Seniority based on length of service At one time Murphy was asked j suited from refusal by both the j Speed of production shall be to use the soldiers to evict sit Valencia government and the in1 rrutually agreed upon fay 1he dowri strikers who had defied a court order to evacuate declaring thev would rather die and be bathed in But Murphy held off serving of the eviction writ un til the strike was settled Tireless Energy In the background of the drawnout peace negotiations was the picture of a man of tireless en ergy who worked day and night to bring about industrial peace Sometimes his friends say he was so exhausted that he had to dig his knuckles into his eyes to keep awake but he stayed on his feet Freckledfaced kid lawyer sol dier prosecutor judge mayor governor general and high com missioner of the Philippines and now governor of Michigan that is Murphys life story in brieC If he is reelected in 1938 for an Ither two years in the stale capital at political crs in this state now believe he j would not have authority to halt ran win hands friends search suspected violators but would report ship movements to the committee for action by the surgent administration to permit management nnd the union corn stationing of neutral observers in mittee in General Motors their territory I Has Two Chief Points As now worked out in the face of Portuguese refusal to partici pate the plan embodies two main points 1 Establishment of more than observers along the Franco Spanish and GibraltarSpanish frontiers to report to the commit tee violations which then would be made the subject of strong rep resentations to the offending gov ernments The approximate cost would be appor tioned among the committee mem bers 2 A tight navai blockade of the entire peninsula including both Portuguese and Spanish ports maintained by the warships of the great European powers Just as in the case of the land observers these naval patrols With nearly ofthe 000 workers who were idle during the strike already back at work still more were to report for their usual shifts Tuesday By Wednes day are expected to have returned Walter Dusty Rhodes 3J year old Iowa City man shown above confessed to the dynamite slaying of his wife Mrs Mablc Khodcs 31 Jn their home Feb 9 Johnson county officials have Daily JPrcss Photo Others Are in Rhodes Murder Case Iowa City Man Prepares Enter Plea on Charge of Slaying Wife he will be ripe for the presi dency Governor Murphy was born April 13 1893 in the small town nf Harbor Beach on Lake Huron a town founded by a hardy race of lumberjacks and lake sailors His father was a leading figure in the town as an attorney His mother was the daughter of a smalltown banker Returns to Political Wars In 1936 on the eve of the presi dential program nation concerned AU ships bound for Spain would be required to put into control ports where an observer of the committee would be taken aboard to travel with the vessel to Spain ensuring the cargo to be bare of war materials MADRIDS DEFENDERS FIGHT OFF REBELS MADRID fears were exi fenders united under the de sole pressed that Roosevelt might not be able tocarry Michigan Mur phy whether called back by friendship or command returned to run for governor And in so do ing hegave up an post as high commissioner for 3 job as governor The Philippines also furnished him with two mansions and a yacht and Michigan has no execu tive mansion for its governors As it turned out not only Mur phy but Roosevelt carried the state overwhelmingly Murphy keeps most of his views on social legislation to himself His record however on civil serv ice government economy and other measures speak for him His deep interest in social dates back to his senior year in college He never has married Housewife Disappears ELDORA and rel atives Tuesday continued to search for Mrs Ray Buchman 31 house wife who disappeared Saturday after leaving her home to go shop ping Bachman left her two children mged 4 and 8 at home command of General Jose Mia j a fought off insurgent attacks from two sides first birthday of their socialistled popular front government A year ago Tuesday the parties of the left popular front came into power through Spainwide elections Tuesday with almost seven months of that year hav ing been devoted to fighting a fascistmilitary rebellion Ma drids newspapers urged her sol diers to fight on for the rights which the people Insurgents pressed Madrid Tuesday from both the southeast and the northwest but govern ment commanders contended the new united command had given their men fresh vigor Dispatches from Barcelona said four trimotored insurgent planes bombed the railway station at Portbou on the FrancoCatalan border damaging four houses and wounding several persons Sign Beer Petition OTTUMWA petition signed by more than 500 persons asking more strict regulation of beer taverns was with the clerkhere Tuesday V LOOK INSIDE FOR JAMES A FARLEY Testimonial Dinner Held for Jim Farley ON PAGE 2 22 From Lake Milk Marooned in School ON PAGE 3 Everything Set for June Heavy Title Mix ON PAGE 9 Mason Citys School Election on March 8 ON PAGE 4 300 Businessmen Hear Jimmie Gheen Spealc ON PAGE 4 IOWA CITY At torney Harold Vestermark Tuesday questioned Mrs Mabel Skriver former tavern operator and Mrs Myrtle Myron wife of a Sioux City police sergeant while Wal ter Rhodes 31 prepared to enter a plea on a charge of murdering his wife with a dynamite loaded shotgun Rhodes chubby round faced road house operator conferred with Will J Hayek attorney ap pointed to defend him He was expected Tuesday to enter a plea on the first degree murder charge when arraigned before District Judge James P Gaffney Monday Questioning or the two women Vestermark said will clear up odds and ends of the case The county attorney declared that Rhodes had already signed a writ ten statement confessing murder The statement Vestermark said disclosed that Mrs Skriver is the woman for whom Rhodes killed his 31 year wife and mother of two children Vestermark said Rhodes admitted planning the slaying for two months after his wife Mabel was reluctant to give him a divorce so that he could marry Mrs Skriver Lived at Rhodes Home In the questioning of Mrs My ron Vestermark hoped to obtain additional information regarding circumstances concerning the shooting a week The Sioux City woman had been living at the Rhodes home coming here while her son was being treated at the University hospital Vestermark reported that Rhodes was cool during most of the questioning but hefinally broke down when we showed him pictures of his wifes blasted I never meant to do damage like Vestermark quoted Rhodes as saying Head Blown Off Mrs Rhodes died when a shot gun exploded in her hands in a basement room of her of her head shoulder and one of her hands were blown away by the blast Officers said iheystarted an in vestigation when they were un able to account for the terrific force of the explosion or to find shotgun shell pellets in the room The county attorney said Rhodes told officers that he gave his wife the dynamite loaded gun and tricked her into pulling the trigger by telling her thatthe fir ing pin had not been working and MAN HIT BY AUTO IS DEAD Emmetsburg Pedestrian Is Victim Accident Said Unavoidable suf fered by Sherman Mickey Mc Allister 61 Emmetsburg laborer when he was struck by an auto as he walked along highway 13 west of Emmetsburg resulted in his death Monday night at a hos pital At first believed to be only slightly hurt McAllister was taken to his home but removed to the hospital Monday when an xray revealed a skull fracture and internal injuries Jack Maguire of Emmetsburg was the driver of the car that struck McAllister Saturday night Officers said the accident was un avoidable It occurred during the blizzard and lights from an ap proaching car blinded Maguire Maguire turned into a snowdrift in an effort to avoid hitting Mc Allister McAllister leaves a wife and several children Two years ago McAllister escaped serious injury in a similar accident on the same road asking her to try it We said ithat Rhodes recently took out an insurance policy onhis wifes life which paid double if she was Four Firemen Hurt in Paducah Blaze PADUCAH fire men were injured in a wall col lapse when a spectacular fire early Tuesday threatened the downtown district inthis flood battered city Flames gutted a large service station and garage and a restaur ant and damaged another garage Theloss was not immediately de termined Handicapped by not having water in city firemen in cluding contingents from Mem phis Shelbyville Louisville and Madisonville laid hose to the flooded sewers and basement of the Palmerhotel Lindberghs Planning Flight to Iran India CAIRO Mrs Egypt Col and dbereh laid A iind plans Tuesday of their aerial sightseeing trip into Iran and possibly India They called at the Iran legation arid obtained transit visas good only for a fortnight stop in Iran We learned that hevbor rowed from Mrs Skriver and that he used part of the money to buy her a SUBCOMMITTEE OlS BILL FOR JUDGE PENSION Sumner Measure Part of Roosevelts Judiciary Reorganization WASHINGTON senate judiciary subcommittee approved Tuesday the Sumners bill to per mit the retirement of federal j EXTRA BULLETIN NEW YORK dispatching bureau of Western Union reported at p central standard time that several lines had been blown down along the south Atlantic sea hoard by a hurricane along the coasts of South Caro lina and Florida Hitler Backs Down in His Church War BERLIN capitulation of nazis to rebellious Protestant ministers was indicated Tuesday by Adolf Hitlers restoration of control to the Evangelical church electorate If the Hitler decree were car ried out in accordance with an in terpretation attributed to the Deutches Nachrichtenbuero the official German news bureau it would mean the first major defeat for Hitler in his determination to bring all phases of life under to talitarian control of the nazi par ty Hitler Admits Failure In the fact of a reported resur gence of opposition to dictatorship in church already has caused ministers to suffer per reichsfuebrer em powered Hans Kerrl reichsminis ter for church affairs to prepare for an election of syn od Evangelical church i affairs Hitler admitted failure of a j reicli committee to bring about unity in the German Evangelical His overture Monday judges at full pay upon reaching 70 years of age The retirement measure has been approved by President velt as a part of his court reor ganization program Some senators have regarded it as a possible means of alleviating the judicial controversy which has split democratic ranks They ex pressed the belief one or two jus tices now on the supreme court who are over 70 might voluntarily retire Chairman McCarran of the subcommittee said the ac tion in approving the bill was un animous but that one member did not vote This apparently was Senator Borah RIdaho who left the meeting early after suggesting the age limit be raised to 75 McCarran said the bill would be reported to the full committee next Monday and guessed it would be taken up in the senate soon afterward probably the fol lowing Wednesday Would Pay Under the Sumners already passed by the house justices would be given full pay of annually Borah said later it was he who did not tvce He added he was against the from his Berchtesgaden retreat He declined to say however he would oppose it on the floor The house judiciary committee after discussing several minor bills in executive session ad journed until a week from Thurs day delaying at least until that time a start on the presidents pro gram including his request for authority to increase the mem bership of the supreme court un less members now over 70 retire Committee members said the presidents program was not men tioned Representative summoned house Cox democrats op posed to the proposition to confer about strategy He was appointed chairman of the group last week 29 For Roosevelt In the senate 29 members nave declared publicly for Mr Roose velts program with an equal number opposed The other 38 are not committed After Senator Glass called Attorney Genera Cummings arguments for the program Senator Min ton said the 1936 elec tion gave the president and con gress a malidaie to go Senator Glass an outspoken critic of Mr Roosevelts court program said the country seemed more in need of an attorney gen eral than of more supreme court justices His statement reply to an addressSunday night in which Cummings called blood in the tribunal Taking issue with the cabinet members assertion that Jefferson and others had fa vored somewhat similar measures Glass said I donot find that Mr Jeffer son at any time or anvwhere fa vored a wholesale increase in the number of judges on the supreme There was no sign when actual debate would begin in congress xm Mr Roosevelts recommendations near Munich would make partial peace on a front that has pre sented most persistent threats to nazi rule The semiofficial interpretstio admitted no defeat however but rather presented the decree as in ling with a fundamental nazi prin ciple that all laws must rest on the will of the The principle must naiurally in so modern a democracy as the new Germany apply also to the church the news agency commented Ready to Defy Kerrl Contrary to literal readings of the manifesto the interpretation went on to say the synod election would be conducted under church leadership rawer than under church circles said was an important on church property The flat refusal of churchmen to accept a proposal by Kerrl that church affairs be handled through a state commissioner preceded Hitlers action informed Protes tant sources said It was indicated by reports to Berlin that thou sands of Lutheran and Reformed pastors were ready to defy Kerrl Man Charged With Killing Baby After It Had Bitten Him ONEONTA N Proctor 27 was held on a second degree murder charge Tuesday after District Atty Joseph Mol inari quoted him as confessing he shook to death a 15monthsold baby because it bit me Molinari said Proctor made his statement concerning the death of an infant son of Mrs Thomas Hinkley Monday night in the pres ence of Chief of Police Frank N Horton The prosecutor said Proctor had been rooming at the Hinkley house on the outskirts of the fity Molinari said Proctor related that the him when he picked it up to stop it from cry v The Weather FORECAST IOWA Increasing cloudiness and risingtemperatures Tues day night Wednesday mostly cloudy possibly snow In ex treme western portion risinr temperature in extreme eastern portion MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy snow probable in northwest por tion Tuesday nitrnt and Wed nesday and in east and south portions Wednesday rising tem perature Tuesday night and in extreme southeast portion Wed nesday IN MASON CIJY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 25 Above Minimum in Night 12 Above At 8 A M Tuesday 1Z Above Snowfall 50 of an Inch Precipitation of an Inch Monday had all the makings of another such blizzard as held North Iowa in its gnp Saturday night In fact there in the form of snow But the wind out of the northwest fell iust a little short of the required Tuesday morning the sun was shining By 1 oclock in the afternoon the mercury at the GlobeGazettes weather shelter west of the city at the KGLO iransmitter station had iisen to 25 degrees above zero and heavy in down town MasonCity At 2 the tem perature ha9 dropped two de grees CONGRESS TOLD PROBLEM CALLS FORACTIONNOW Special Committee Suggests Windfall Tax to Hah Land Speculation WASHINGTON Roosevelt told congress Tuesday that action to provide security thenations farm population is imperative Sendng to the legislators a re port of his special committee on farm tenancy the chief executive declared that we can no longer postpone Most Americans Mji Roosevelt said that our form of government does not prohibit ac tion on behalf of those who need Asks Two Federal Agencies The committee recommended establishment of two new federal agencies a federal tax on profits from land speculation and broad activities by both fed eral and state divisions in the field of tenancy The report of the majority the large committee was accom panied by four dissenting views The majority report suggested a farm security administration be created to direct the federal program The agency would be under the secretary o agricul ture A farm security corporation also was suggested to handle legal transactions growing out of changes in land ownership and of purchases of equipment and the like The committee proposed that windfall tax by a specific tax on capital gains from sales of land within three yesrs from the date of Outlines Necessities The president said the commit ifee emphasized these necessities The committee he said empha sized these necessities action to open the doors of to tenants who now have the requisite ability and ex perience but who can become owners only with the assistance of liberal credit on long terms and technical advice The majority committee report said approximately one farm family out of four occupies a po sition in the nations social and economic structure that is pre carious and should not be toler Unified No agency with adequate pow ers has been charged with cor recting undesirable relationships to the land consequences of our system of land the report said It seems highly im portant that these problems be at tacked underunified andwell in tegrated The proposed farm security ad ministration would be charged with the general responsibility of administering the federal policies The farm security corporation would handle legal transactions growing out of the recommenda tions requiring acquisition im provement and disposition ot land purchase of stock andYequip ment andmaking of Asserting that speculation in farm lands has contributed to a steady increase tenants the committee proposed the federal government use the windfall tax to check Tax A capital gains taking large percentage of the unearned net materially discourage buying laad merely for the purpose of early resale and would tend to keep land valuw on a level where farmers could better afford the re The group said special safe guards should prevent the tax working severe hardships in cases of unavoiilable resale The commrltee suggested 1bc government acquire faim lanHs for sale under long term con tracts tojjperating farmers It recommended a trial leae penod not to exceed five yeais before the actual sales contratt was authorized loans with the necessary guidance and education to prevent small owners from slipping into tenancy and to help the masses oftenants croppers and farm laborfeis at the very bot tom of tne agricultural ladder in crease their stacdards of Jrvvnfc achieve greater security andbe gin the upward climb toward land t TturoV the retirement by agencies of land provedio be nn suited to assistance to the tbeeon in finding homes on good Fourth cooperatfon with state and local agencies of government ;