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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 15, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THl THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWAHS NIIGHIORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI1 Prn cad Cnitad Pnw Full Wlrw MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15 1951 This Paper Consiits of Two On AP Wircphoto Korean war orphan with no place to go sits among wreckage of homes near the Korean front lines The youngster bewildered and forlorn lost both parents during a battle a few days before No Chance of Quick Tax Hike Latest Levy Proposal Is Doomed By FRANCIS 3 KELLY Washington prospect of any quickie tax increase this has vanished Republicans said a decision the house ways and means committee reached late Tuesday also doomed President Trumans proposal for a twopackage approach to raising the he asked to meet mounting military costs Chairman Doughton DN Car announced after an hourlong closed session of the committee that its current tax hearings will cover all revenue raising sugges tions made by Secretary of the Treasury Snyder and any other proposals that members of the committee desire to bring up Long Hearing Only after those hearings are completed he said will the com mittee decide whether to proceed with a twopackage or onepack age bill Mr Truman and Snyder urged congress to pass as quickly as pos sible a bill to raise taxes slightly more than a year dating it back to Jan 1 and then to consider in more leisurely fash ion still another They said the 2nd one should produce enough to bal ance Mr Trumans budget for the year starting July 1 Rep Reed RN X told re porters the house groups decision was tantamount to rejection of the presidents plan for that ap proach Rep Simpson RPa concurred in Reeds interpretation Both are highranking G O P members of the committee Study Loopholes Snyder has called for increases of 000000000 in individual in come taxes in cor porate tax boosts and 000 more in higher excise sales taxes He also urged action to close what he described as a number of loopholes in the present law In the course of Wednesdays hearings Rep Harrison DVa told Economic Stabilization Ad ministrator Eric Johnston there is serious possibility that no tax increase legislation can be laid on the presidents desk before the middle of the year Johnston who was pleading for swift enactment of a tough and iteep tax increase said any delay would make the problem of stabi lizing the nations economy more difficult and even impossible if prolonged too much Des Moines Proposed VA Headquarters Wuhliwton Gil lette DIowa has proposed Des Moines as Veterans Administra tion headquarters if the VA should moved from Washington in any decentralization program Attlee Regime Faces Most Critical Test By ERNEST AGNEW London JP Prime Minister Attlees regime faced iis most crit icaltest Thursday as left wing la borites threatened to bolt ranks in a noconfidence vote on the gov ernments handling of Britains rearmament program The slowdown comes Thursday night in a house of commons vote on the no confidence motion intro duced Wednesday night by Win ston Churchill It is particularly critical because the government with a margin of 8 in the house is threatened with defections of some 20 leftwing so cialist MPs who have been mut tering for the past 3 months that plans to rearm Britain are con trary socialist principles Orders Show Up The government has threatened any socialist MP who abstains from voting with withdrawal of party support and has even or dered 6 MPs who are ill to show up for Thursday nights vote The big question in commons lobbies Thursday was Will At tlees leftwing MPs abandon him Most parliamentary correspon dents said No Eight liberal too ill to be decide shortly before Thursday nights vote whether or not to support the mo tion If the motion is adopted Attlees jovernment will resign and the ting then either will call on Churchill to form a new govern ment or call for a general elec tion which recent polls say the conservatives would win 3rd in 7 Days The vote will be the 3rd in 7 days on motions which if adopted would have required the govern ment to resign Last week the la vorites beat down censure motions on their failure to provide more meat and on their nationalizing iron and steel industry Churchill who was critical Wednesday of Defense Minister Smanuel Shinwells speech in com mons outlining what the arms plan means will wind up for the oppo sition in the debate Thursday night FROZEN RECOVERS Quincr HI Mc Ness 27yearold deep freeze victim was reported nearly nor mal Thursday and his doctor said he probably could go home Friday SAME 55 BlMk Mum truffle put luin U S Orders Rollback of Meat Prices Washington govern ment Thursday ordered many large meat packers to roll back prices in a surprise move aimed at relieving price squeezes oh wholesalers and retailers The action was taken by the of fice of price stabilization Officials there expressed doubt the move would have any imme diate affect on retail meat prices paid by housewives Instead they said it is more likely to guarantee more equita ble distribution of meat supplies They noted that meat prices gen erally were frozen on Jan 25 at the highest level charged by a re tailer between Dec 19 and that date The agency did not list the packing companies affected by the regulation Nor did it give a fig ure of how much the rollback might be The order bans future use by companies with chaintype opera as those operating in several basing com panywide ceiling prices on the highest price charged by one of its branches OPS officials told reporters that since Jan 25 price freeze many meat packers raised their prices to wholesalers and retailers particularly on the east and west coasts by using the geo graphical pricing system Robert Larson Not Opposed to Liquor by Drink Des Moines Attor ney General Robert L Larson said Thursday he would not oppose the liquorbythedrink legislation for Iowa but he stressed that he definitely is not advocating such legislation Larson said the entire liquor question is one of control and that the primary duty of his office as concerns liquor laws is limited to the realm of methods of en forcement Whether Iowa should permit liquorbythedrink in addition to its present system which permits sale by package only in the state owned monopoly liquor store sys tem is a legislative matter Lar son said The attorney general said Iowas present system possibly suffers a little because adjoining states have liquorbythedrink This creates an added problem for peace officers in border counties he said Larson said there has been no indication that syndicates are op erating in the liquor field in Iowa as was the case in gambling and that unless such a thing develops the attorney generals office isnt likely to do any crusading in the liquor field US Plans 6 Divisions for Europe The United States plans sending 4 additional army divisions to Europe Secretary of Defense George C Marshall disclosed this Thursday in a statement prepared for joint hearings by the senates foreign relations and armed services com mittees on the troopstoEu rope issue Under questioning from Senator Lyndon Johnson DTex Mar shall said the movement of 4 more combat divisions to Europe would involve the sending of about 100 000 men there 72000 Fighting Men He said 72000 fighting men would make up the 4 divisions a full strength and that about 20 000 or 25000 supporting troop would be needed in addition to those already in Europe An American army division con sists of about 18000 men In addi tion support elements supply and maintenance c om m u n i c a tion transportation and other units are needed to keep combat forces in a state of readiness Marshall said Because of the great amount of discussion which has been cen tered on the subject of ground forces I have obtained the ex press permission of the president to discuss with you the specific strength of the ground forces which the United States has planned to maintain in Europe in the present emergency Security Involved I take this step reluctantly because of the security considera t i o n s involved b u t I have reached the conclusion that there is a greater peril to our security through weakening the morale of our allies by a debate based upon uncertainties than there can pos sibly be through the public closure of our planned strength figures To be specific the joint chiefs of staff have to me and I have so recommended to the and the president has approved a policy with respect to our forces in Europe which looks to the maintenance by us in Europe of approximately 6 divisions of ground forces We already have there on oc cupation duty about two divisions of ground forces Our plans based on the recommendation of the joint chiefs of staff therefore con template sending 4 additional divi sions to Europe 1st Witness Marshall was the 1st adminis tration witness in the hearings phase of the great debate on how the United States should build up western Europes de fenses against the threat of com munist aggression As background for the hearings the committees released what they termed certain basic facts about Russian and western world mili tary strengths Their report said Russia and her European satellites have about 5000000 men under arms the north Atlantic treaty nations about 4500000 During continuation of the hearings over the next week or so the committees expect to hear also from Secretary of State Acheson Gen Omar Bradley chairman of the joint chiefs of staff Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff Gen Hoyt Vandenberg air chief of staff and Admiral For rest P Sherman chief of naval operations UN Relief Troops Crash Ring to Save Yank Force Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and cold with snow sleet and freezing rain be ginning early Thursday night and continuing into Saturday Slow warming Thursday night and Friday Low Thursday night 10 High Friday 20 to 25 Iowa Snow sleet and freezing rain south portion spreading northwestward early Thursday night covering most of the state and changing to mostly freezing rain through Friday Very slow ly rising temperatures Driving conditions becoming very haz ardous over most sections Low Thursday night 5 to 10 above extreme north 20 to 25 extreme south High Friday 25 to 30 Further outlook Freezing rain continuing over most of Iowa Friday night and continuing into Saturday Low Friday night 18 to 28 High Saturday mid30s Sunday generally fair with tem peratures above freezing in the afternoon Minnesota Increasing cloudiness with snow sleet and freezing rain spreading slowly north ward over southern 3rd of state Thursday night and over the remainder of cast and south portions Friday Warmer Thurs day night Low Thursday night 515 above High Friday 2530 except 3035 northwest IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statis tics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Feb 15 Maximum 15 Minimum 12 At 8 a m 1 Year Ago Maximum 26 Minimum GOING BACK TO former Automatic Washer company plant west of Ma son City is to be used by Canvas Products Inc to manufacture tents for the army un der a defense contract The newly formed corporation is the 1st in the city to sign a defense contract Mason City Firm to Make Army Tents A Mason City firm has signed a army contract to manu facture kitchen tents it was learned Thursday The contract totals but the govern ment is furnishing most of the tenting material It is the 1st de fense contract to go to a Mason City firm Announcing the contract Charles W Gasswint president o the Mason City Tent and Awn ing company said he and E M Duesenberg Clear Lake have formed Canvas Products Inc to handle the contract on a sublet basis The tents will be made at the former Automatic Washer plan west of Mason City owned by Duesenberg 70 to Be Employed Tent production is expected to begin in about two weeks and some 70 persons will be employed Gasswint said Canvas Products Inc plans to manufacture civilian goods after the present emergency The army contract Gasswint said calls for 1695 kitchen tents 12 by 18 feet They are a new model tent Gasswint said the Ma son City Chamber of Commerce had been particularity helpful during negotiations with the army on the contract Gasswint said Duesenberg orig inally had planned to rent the former washing machine plant for storage space but later decided to use it for manufacturing believ ing that course would be of more benefit to the Mason City and Clear Lake communities During World war II the government built the plant to process hemp grown in the vicinity Other Companies The Mason City businessman said Thursday that companies which he owns in Mankato Minn and Waterloo also are engaged in defense work The Mankato Tent and Awning company has a 000 contract to manufacture kitch en tents and the 1st shipment of tents probably will be made next week The Waterloo firm has a contract to make mainte nance tents for army vehicles During World war II the Mason City Tent and Awning company won 4 armynavy E awards for production It was the 1st firm in the field to receive an award and was one of two firms in the U S that was not delinquent on de liveries during the war Iowa Highways South Slippery DCS Moines Freezing rain and sleet moved into Iowa from the southeast Wednesday night and icing conditions spread over a large part of the state Thurs day making travel hazardous At midmorning light freezing rain sleet or snow were reported at Davenport Iowa City Ot tumwa Lamoni and Des Moines The highway patrol said high ways were slippery throughout most of southern central and eastern Iowa Road conditions were normal in the northwestern Quarter of he state At Iowa City the highway pa trol said roads in that area were extremely hazardous and that due to freezing rain they were becoming progressively worse Yugoslavia a Big Question as Eisenhower Leaves Again By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington he leaves for Europe again Gen Dwight D Eisenhower is confronted with the task of building an allied defense against possible soviet aggression while apparently un certain of all the conditions under which that force might have to fight The big question mark hangs over Yugoslavia and the ques tion is this If soviet satellite or without direct soviet Yugo slavia should the west go to her defense In recent weeks this question and others related to possible arms aid for Marshal Tito and the been care fully considered here and in con sultation with the British French and other western governments Not Simple Eisenhower sailing for Europe from New York Thursday pre sumably has been briefed on the official estimate of the situation developed in this period What it is now and what it may become in the future are clearly matters of utmost importance to his Euro pean allied command Authorities here agree his po sition would be simplified if he could know definitely whether the Atlantic allies would join battle against aggression on Yugoslavia as the UN did in Korea But indi cations are that decisions as to specific action would be finally made after the emergency arose Quite aside from any UN readi ness to fight aggression Yugo slavia has a strategic importance in western military planning which Korea did not have It stands on the southern flank o western Europe Titos 32 divisions compose the strongest single anti soviet force in Europe today Whether the Soviets actually will risk war against Yugoslavia or whether they will simply con duct another year of warof nerves is a much debated ques tion in Washington But many of ficials expect some sort of sprinj crisis arising out of either threat or actions Immediate Steps If an attack is launched tw immediate diplomatic steps appea certain Taken simultaneously they would be a call for emer gency action by the UN and ur gent consultation among the 1 Atlantic treaty nations througl their foreign ministers council Eisenhower as an Internationa commander would be guided bj the decisions of the Atlantic coun cil Much of the western policy con sideration has been devoted to th problem of strengthening Tito One stepalready has been tak en The U S is furnishing foot specifically for Titos army and for his hungerthreatened civilian population The more impressive step would be to furnish military equipmen for the troops However on thi record at least Tito has not re quested arms Such a reques might be made in his current talks in Belgrade with Assistant Secre tary of State George Perkins IT S CASUALTY RISE Washington UP Announced U S combat casualties in Korea reached 48035 Thursday an in crease of 647 over a week ago NOfiTH AP Wlrephoto WHERE ALLIES CHECK RED troops defending a 20mile front A between Wonju and Chip yong have checked the communist attacks against their lines Near redheld Seoul B more than 1000 reds were reported killed in an attempt to gain a foothold on the south side of the Han river Above the 38th parallel South Korean marines captured two small islands commanding the Wonsan C harbor Reds Lose 100000 in Short Fight 4 Divisions Wrecked Enemy Repulsed From Chipyong Sector By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo allied relief column smashed through a Chinese red ring Thursday to reinforce French and Ameri an forces holding the Chip yong anchor on the central Korean warfront The relief force battled 8 hours before breaking through to the Chipyong perimeter The action began miles south southwest of the town The hardhit Chinese fi nally broke and ran Chipyong 35 air miles east southeast of Seoul is the left lank anchor of a 20mile ai led defense line stretching over snowmantled hills and valleys to Wonju key to the central mountain passes 2Day Assault The AmericanFrench garrison stoutly withstood two days of massed red infantry assaults to help break the back of the drive aimed at cracking the central front The communist push was stopped Wednesday Eed casualties were counted at 10593 on all fronts Wednesday It brought to nearly 100000 those killed wounded or captured since the allied limited push hunter killer columns began Jan 25 AP Correspondent John dolph reported the Chipyong garrison radioed that the Chi nese were fleeing in all direc tions after the relief column rammed through from the south However AP Correspondent William J Waugh reported more than 1000 reds were dug in on nigh ground north of the town Sneak Across On the western front Amer ican doughboys and artillery viped out 400 Chinese who sneak ed across the Han river Wednes day night near Seoul It was the 2nd consecutive and disastrous red attempt to cross Jie icy stream near the burned out former capital More than 1100 Korean reds were killed here in a foray early Wednes day Ridgway pinned the 3 stars of a lieutenant colonel on Maj Gen Edward M Almond the 10th corps commander The mounting toll of Chinese and Korean reds rose even higher from unceasing attacks by allied war planes U S 5th air force bombers and fighters flew a rec ord 696 sorties in clear weather Thursday Most flights were in close sup port of ground units which had successfully rolled with the red punch between Wonju and Chip yong towns Death Valley French Dutch South Koreans and American forces checked the red drive along a 20mile front of ridges and a wide valley between hose two towns A field dispatch described the scene as Death Valley Hundreds more Chinese and North Korean reds met a violent end in Thursdays fighting on the entral front The breakdown on ed casualties on that front alone Wednesday was 3075 killed 2305 wounded by ground action alone While the fighting continued on he central and western fronts at educed tempo South Korean marines secured two small islands ommanding Wonsan harbor far up on the Sea of Japan coast The east coast landings were ade Wednesday on Cho and Rei slands some 90 air miles north f parallel 38 and about 130 miles lorth of the main battleline Land on Islands It had been reported at first hat the South Koreans landed n the mainland but U S naval fficials said Thursday the opera ion was confined to the two slands The navy said the land ngs were of secondary import nee But seizure of the islands both lose inshore gives the allies con jol of Wonsans harbor Red sup lies and reinforcements funnel trough the coastal city to the cen ral front from staging areas in e northeast Korea On the western front AP Cor espondent Stan Swinton reported 152 reds were killed in an ftortive attempt Wednesday to am a foothold on the south lidt ;