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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa coup NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VO1 La Aasoclated Preo and Unlua Press Full Leased wir THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five CenU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FOIDAY FEBRUARY 151946 t Paper Consists ot Two Ons NO lit CLEAR PATH FOR STEEL AGREEMENT ARMY REDUCES STANDARDS TO GET MORE MEN Hope to Get 250000 in Draft by Cutting Physical Requirements Washington JF The army lowered its physical standards for draftees to the absolute mini mum Friday and called on selec tive service to comb over previ ously rejected men to fill its lag ging quotas By this drastic means the war department said it was hoped to obtain 250000 men through the draft during the first 5 months of this year as replacements for the armys thinning ranks Selective service officials said they believed the demand could be met from a pool of men who had been rated as qualified for limited service but previously turned down by the army These men are among approximately between 18 and25 most of whom had been classified 41 lor physical or mental reasons The unexpected lowering of standards was interpreted by some congressmen as evidence that the army feared the present draft law would not be extended and hence wanted to secure as many men under it as possible be fore it expires May 15 President Truman has calledfor continuation of the draft hut thus far congress has made no move to extend it Men with mental deficiencies mild in degree men with certain types of hernia aad those who stammer or stutter will be taken under the lowered standards which thewar department termed the absolute minimum require ments for anytype of military The result it was conceded may be aconsiderable reduction ia overall efficiency and probably an eventual increase in the per centage of discharges for physical disability Under previous physical stan dards selective service has been supplying only approximately 35 000 of the armys monthly quota of 50000 men The war depart ment said that in addition to the regular monthly quota it had called on selective service to make up by the end of April a deficit of approximately 75000 men thus accumulated since VJ day Meanwhile the navy and ma rine corps announced further cuts in discharge points to speed the release of some 183000 officers and men The navys cuts with some ex ceptions will be 1 point each April 15 and May 2 lor male offi cers and men and 1 point on May 2 for WAVE officers and en listed personnel and members of the navy nurse corps The marine score will be low ered 3 points March 1 for male of ficers and men only the 100foot water 4 pv m Thursday aft ernoon AYHh a roar that was heard a half mile away it snapped about half way up its steel supports then fell and buried itself in the basement of a house below The 100000 gallons of water and ice poured out of the tank and smashed the house in which the 2 children and their mothers were visiting Another house and WEST COAST HIT BY EARTHQUAKE Causes Damage Over 60000 MUe Area Seattle Wash earth quakedescribed by seismolo gists as the worst in the history of the Pacific northwest rocked a 60000square mile area Thursday night and caused damage running into hundreds of thousands of dol lars Several persons suffered slight injuries when the quake rumbled along a 300mile coastwise front tumbling merchandise from the shelves of Arag stores restaurants and taverns Although no serious casualties were reported cities from Salem Ore to Vancouver B C reported cracked walls in buildings falling plaster broken merchandise and shattered plate glass windows Startled residents ran screaming into the streets and theaters in most northwest cities were emptied within a few minutes as frightened patrons scurried for exits The shock recorded by the Uni versity Washington seismograph at p m was reported to have been felt in more than 30 cities along the coast and 300 miles inland to Spokane Wash The seismograph needle at the universitys geology laboratory was thrown completely off its cylinder by the sudden tremor for the first time since it was installed Profes sor G E Goodspeed said VALENTINE BABY Santa Ana CaJ tines day was just that to Mau rice Valentine of nearby Midway City Mrs Valentine became the mother of an a pound son Truman Names Bedell Smith Russia Backs for Russia Ambassador Post Lebanon Plea to UNO Group sador to Russia The tarttongued 51 year old soldier who rose through the ai year oiu soldier who row Htrniipti to become Genera Eisenhowers chief of staff inlhe teme war years support thC LeVant will succeed dapper wealthy W Averell Harriman 3cars the united nations security coun iess ha he reached a 1 Friday declaring their sov i tdj ri veil Less than 12 hours after he reached mission to the far easj Harriman a resignation he first last April in order to return to private business In picking Smith for the im portantsovietpost Mr Truman appeared bent on a diplomatic policy of delivering United States views to foreign governments in the plainspoken language of an army by a man trained to weigh American production and military might into onthespot decisions Prior to the choice of Smith the chief executive named Gen George C Marshall as his spe cial envoy to Chiria gave Gen Douglas MacArthur virtually a free hand in diplomatic relations with Japan and picked Vice Adm Alan G Kirk as ambassador to Belgium DEMOLISHED BY WATER AND ICEThe George Buhnnan home in Council Bluffs was demolished by tons of water and ice which struck it when a 100 foot steel water tower collapsed nearby Thursday The house was thrown 45 feet off its fomdatiS Two children m the house when the tank fell were killed AP wfrephotcK eng 2 Infants Killed Mothers injured as Water Tower Falls rear h o water and ice hurtling down on Becty Cade 3 and Judy Schott 4 months old were crushed in ihe rains of a house about 45 feet from the tower Mrs George Schdtt 2e to a in critical condition but Beckys mother Mrs James back Her condition was called fair to buckle about OMahoney Is High on List for Ickes Job ating over a half dozen possible appointees for secretary of in terior with Senator Joseoh C turned quickly to ice manyblocks OMahoney D Wyo stronElv away from the tower Ice Blocks backed by capital hill friends weiphintr nc miirh 4nn nminHc Water and ice rushed down the surroundmg hills The water weighing as much as 400 pounds were scattered about One woman in a house opposite the water tower said a piece of ice weighing several pounds was hurled through her bedroom window and struck her on the ankle Neighbors said Mrs Cade and Mrs Schott evidently saw the tower falling ana attempted to run out the back way The force of the water tore the children out of their arms and crushed them the neighbors said Water Department Superintend ent Frank Jensen said the city owned tower had 125000 gallons of water The tower had been in spected about 3 years ago and was in good condition then he said The tank was a favorite play spot for school children in the neighborhood and many a game ended with a climb to the towers top City officials discouraged the practice but the no trespassing sign didnt stop energetic young sters Residents in the area got their water supplies from the tank Thursday night water was being brought to homes in buckets from other sections of town the president id the Wyoming as hiffh on the iat Mr Truman seemed undecided whether OSIa honey would be of more service to the administration in the cabI State Frosecu inct or the senate tor Jens Grothe IUA vciJb If the president turns away the inmate said ha received from the senate to fill the job that a cut on his head from one the Harold T Trtoc blows and was bleeding about his The number of children from 1 to 14 years of age killed by acci dents each year is 20 times as great as the number killed by in fantile paralysis HIPOCKETS Tour Carrier cannot afford credit anyonifor more than one week Mitini GALVIN RELATES ELDORA BEATING Fell Unconscious After Blows Guard Nelson Fort Dodge Patrick Galvin 17 testified in district court Thursday that he fell un struck him 9 times with a pick ax are nable to Nelson 48 who was a guard at the school at the time of the al leged beatingof Galvin is being tried on a charge of assault with intent to inflict great bodily in jury in connection with the in cident which occurred last the Ieast harm 28 Galvin a red li a i red former Brooklyn N Y youth was brought here to testify for the state from Boys Town Nebr where he has been since last November Questioned by Harold L Ickes resigned so ex plosively one presidential advis er said it is possible that Justice William O Douglas might be asked to leave the supreme court to take over Those in a position to know said there had been discussion a possible switch of Secretary La bor Lewis Schwellenbach to the interior spot but they represented Mr Truman as indicating that it would be a difficult problem for him to fill the labor post Also discussed legislators saia was the possibility that if Doug las were named Schwellenbach mighf be chosen for the resulting court vacancy Another cabinet change said to have been talked about at the white house involved transfer of Secretary of Agriculture Clinton M Anderson to interior with a middle westerner named to suc ceed the former New Mexico rep resentative Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and warmer Friday night and Satur day becoming colder late Satur day Lovvest temperature Fri day night 20 Iowa Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Rising tempera ture west portion Friday and entire state Friday night and Saturday becoming colder northwest portion late Saturday Minnesota Partly cloudy and warmer Friday night with oc casional light snow north Sat urday partly cloudy IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Friday Maximum jg Minimum g At 8 a m Friday 4 YEAR AGO Maximum 4 Minimum 30 NELSON head and face Under crossexamination by E c HtJlU 1Q the jail at Council Bluffs for three spent 15 days in jail Galvin testified that after he finally was revived following th present inmate Smith Omaha oiuiui urnana who now is gram confined in the Eldora annex for stock troublemakers at Anamosa testi Grothe said many state wit nesses remained to be heard and that the state probably would not There are now 130 538 complete its case until early next miles in the national forests week the Rocky Mountain states a diplomatic Sees Change for Farmers Des Moines need for increased food to prevent star vation in Europe may necessitate breaking promises to American farmers on support prices and ceilings on some farm products Secretary Agriculture Clinton P Anderson said1 Friday In a speech prepared for the itional farm institute Anderson said discussions are under way re garding changes in the ceilings on Fort Dodge Patrick and lisbt Now we are faced Anderson rVAlUCl IXJI1 stated with a situation in which conscious after Harold Nelson had ve made Promises not only supportprices and price ceil c ings on hogs but on food to pre Galvin was an inmate at the Eldora State starvation in Europe Training school for boys wnen because of new coi chtions beyond our control we all of our cm UUir promises and are faced with the alternative of breaking one prom ise or logical move is to make the change where it ill do the least harm We are going to discuss with nog producers and farm organiza tions a possible change in ho pnce ceilings designed to fulfil the governments commitment and still provide an incentive for mar keting hogs at lighter weights Specifically what we are dis cussing is a decrease in the ceil ing on heavy hogs of 50 cents a hundredweight to be offset by an increase in the ceiling on light weight hogs of 50 cents a hundred weight thus providing a premium of dollar a hundred on light hogs This if put into effect would be accomplished by a correspond ing increase in the subsidy on light hogs and a corresponding decrease n the subsidy on heavy hogs Anderson added that other price Dy Huava mat otner price H lAmdy Galvin said he escaped changes may be necessary to cn trom the Eldora school last Sepable us to Oeal effectively with tember and was apprehended the other changes in supply and de same night that he was held in mand Europes food needs are far more jun 01 riuijs jor tnree s 1000 needs are far more months before being taken to Boys urgent today than reports of Eu iown and also that during three ropean production indicated last months in Los Angeles Cal he fal1 Anderson said This and the present shortage in wheat and other grains show how difficult it is going to be to icvivtu juiiowing me uuncun 11 is going to be to alleged beating he was made to make good on our promise for re stand against a wall for about half lief feeding in accordance with our an hour while other boys carried earlier plans the secretary stat coal ed adding Robert Summers former inmate Now we are faced with the ne CAar1 Wre1 balance ir A Ku ui oalance and Raymond between livestock numbers and the who now is grain we can have to feed live To establish this balance we at nnamosa testi esiaousn this balance we fied they had seen Nelson strike shall have to market cattle and 1 hogs at ijShter weights and cull our poultry flocks sharply of Strikes At a Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Approximately 1430000 workers idle in labor disputes Maj or developments Truman announces new and high er wageprice policy providing price increases for industry to cover government approvedwage boosts Chester Bowles leaves OPA post recreatcd recreated office of economic T of 26day old nationwide steel strike which idle more than 850000 workers in steel and allied indus tries appears possible under new wageprice policy on basis of recommended 18K cents hourly wage increase fo striker S5 a ton increase in pnce ot steel reportedly approved CIO leaders and in VJi s near agreement on wage issue industry studies new wageprice formula but no indications CIO United Auto Workers and General Motors to resume wage negotiations NLRB resumes hearings on union charges ot unfair labor practices against corporation as strike of 175000 workers enters 87th day m in New Yorks harbor near normal after oilr 3tr r ugboat coal rationing continues but fuel against motion picture studios threatened by 13 AFL unions affiliated with conference of studio unions may not be recognized by AmericanFederation of Labor 6000 may walk out Monday in support of demands for shorter work week at same ereignty had been clearly vio 3 lated by the occupation by Brit ish and French troops Vice Commissar Andrei Vi shiiisky told the council a French proposal to permit Britain and France to work out an agreement m withdrawal of their forces from Syria and Lebanon cannot sat isfy the soviet union Vishinsky spoke after the the Levant states settle their com plaint by direct negotiation Lebanon accused Britain uu France ot a grave attack on the sovereignty of the Levantine statesand demanded immediate and simultaneous evacuation ol foreign troops Foreign Minister Hamid Bey Frangie of Lebanon opened the debate an Syrian Lebanese charges asainst Britain and France an issue which forced the security council to remain in Lon don as delegates to the first gen era assembly departed for home GENERAL SMITH DEALERS ELECT MASON CITYAN North lowans Natned at Hardware Meeting DCS aioines B Schlot feldt DeWitt Iowa was elected president the Iowa Retail Hard ware Dealers Association Friday to succeed Harry L Summit Ivlacedonia Other officers named at the closing session of the fourday conversion included Stanley Shnpe Clarion vice president and Philip R Jacobson Mason City secretary Newly elected directors are G W AspimvaU Hawkeye H F Young Osage Harry Osborne Bloomfield O F Peterson Al gona Summit was elected to a 3 year term on the advisory board The associations executive com mittee passed a resolution con demning OPA practices and poli cies A second asked that mem bers London Russia threw her upport thC LeVant V me United States had suggested that NEW POLICY ON WAGES PRICES TO SPEED PACT Bowles Director for Recreated Office of Economic Stabilization Washington Washi ngton confidently expected a steel strike settlement Friday as a swift bllowup to President Trumans higher xvageprice line and his choice Chester Bowles to hold Providingprice increases for In and dustrjto cover governmentap proved wage hikes the new re o n v e r s i o n formula a white louse spokesman said supplies lie basis for ending the walkout of 750000 ClOUnitcd Steelwork single strike in Amer can history Other high officials laid approval of a steel price boost of approximately a ton would be a factor in the settle ment Aides said that when Mr Tru man turned loose the longawaited i assemoiy departed tor home milieu juuse me longawairea ie told the llnation peace Policy change late Thursday night ncy that the presence ot Britne also Ilacl counted on making a ish and French troops constitutes a permanent menace meddling in the internal affairs of a member oC the UNO and declared that simultaneous announcement that he stecl strike was over However he was disappointed by 11 S Steel and CIO negotiators who were re UL nit auu declared mat wmu ie their presence is not dictated by Ported close to agreement in a late militlrvr I llllf Ctjll cllrtyf ftf hrlrlrrtnrr military necessity nor by agree ment of the governments nor by international accord Frangie was followed by Syrian delegate Fans Bey El Khoury who told the council that since the end of the war we have made constant representations for the simultaneous withdrawal of Brit ish and French troops but we waited in vain Foreign Minister Georges Bi dault of France asked the council to have confidence in Britain and France to solve the question themselves and asserted the 2 not triterfdfcr keep their troops in Syria arid Lebanon indefinitely Speakingfor Britain Sir Alex ander Cadogan said Britain de sired to withdraw her tioops at the earliest possible moment The 18nation economic and so cial council remaining behind with the security council also was scheduled to meet Friday to com plete its organizational tasks for tackling what world statemen have described as the basic ills leading to war The general assembly adjourned Thursday night on a note op timism with delegates expressing belief that a firm foundation had been laid for world peace and se curity and agreed that the new or ganization had made tremendous strides toward the success which the league of nations failed to at tain in its turbulent career LEFT HANDED L Summitt left president of the Iowa Retail Hardware association demon strates to Aviene Tabat of Mason City how to operate a Jett handed monkey wrench on display in Des Moines at the organizations convention The difference in the left handed wrench and the right handed wrench held by Miss iabat is in the placing of the adjustment spring so it can be comfortably operated with the left hand The wrenches are made in Hampton AP Wirephoto K and A engr session but still short of bridging the final gap The president said the new pol icy was designed to cope with a reconversion situation in which vitally needed production is lag and collective bargaining has broken down in many key industries It calls for these broad changes in the nations approach to the wageprice question 1 Wage Increases must be ap proved by the national wage sta bilization board And this board must see that they dp not exceed the pattern of pay boosts In an industry or area since 16 to 18 per cent 2 Higher price ceilings will be granted manufacturers immedi of after 6 to insure profitable operation aft er an approved wage increase is granted 3 OPA Administrator Bowles becomes director of the recreated office oE economic stabilization and is charged with laying down the specific rules for the new pol icy 4 Paul A Porter chairman of federal communications com mission and a staunch holdthe line man steps into Bowies OPA shoes 5 The wartime OES is revived to replace the office of stabiliza tion administration previously licaded by John C Collet As its boss Bowles has wider authority than Collet but still is in the office of Reconversion Director John W Snyder with whom he tangled on pricing policy Collet plans to re turn to his Missouri federal judge ship To cap this denouement of a monthlong drama of conflict among subordinates the presi dent appealed for firm holding of the new and higher line to avoid the misery and danger of infla tion I call upon both management and labor to proceed with produc tion Mr Truman said in a statement Production is our salvation Production is the basis of high wages and profits and high standards of living for us all Pro duction will do away with the necessity Jor government con trols But the reaction in congress was divided Some members saw inflationary threats in the pro gram Others thought the trend could be controlled The measure of wage control provided was expected to arouse protest from labor leaders Although nothing more drastic than wage approval is required and no fixed ceiling is provided Mr Trumans executive order provides that an employer who grants an increase without ap proval waives permanently his right to seek a price boost to cover the wage rise Under previous policy a price increase could be sought at any time As a further tightening up Bowles is empowered to declare illegal any class of nonapproved pay increases if he feels this nec essary to prevent an inflationary wage movement Industry was assured the 1936 39 level of average earnings which it now enjoys for the 12 months following any approved wage in crease However in granting price in creases OPA need do no more at the outset than see that the indus try runs at a profit if it is likely that greater output will lower costs so that over a years time the prewar profit pattern will be matched This meant that OPA had won ;