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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 15, 1945, Mason City, Iowa i j rt ii iiU AV OEfAHTMEHT Of ANO ItitS 1 NORTH e DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AIL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 15 This Paper Consists of Two NO Ill INSIDE WASHINGTON Washington Bell Boys Political Weather Vanes By HELEN ESSARY Centra Press Columnist bell boys ave weather vanes Watch their ways with hotel guests and you may gauge which way govern ment importance is blowing At one hotel where many peo ple who help run the national machinery live Paul McNutt was once the idol of the uniformed messengers This was his political star was high hi the dem ocratic sky The former governor of Indi ana might become president ol the United States some people said He eventually became man power commissioner with not too much power and his hands prac tically tied behind him The bell boys soon sensed the change in McNutts status They took to overlooking the heavy packages Mrs McNutt carried and didnt hop too fast when McNutt wanted an errand done Their idol now is Mr Roose velts war mobilization chief James W Byrnes Indeed they are so attentive to both Mr and Mrs Byrnes that passage through hotel lobby for their present RUSSIANS ACROSS NEISSE RIVER Seize Ferry Terminus Opposite Emmerich TROOPS TAKE KESSEL KEY GOCH OUTPOST Roer River Continues to Recede as Yanks Prepare Offensive Paris UR Canadian first army troops seized the western term inus of a Rhine river ferry cross ing from Emmerich Thursday and to the southwest captured Kessel key outpost the Goch transpor favorites sometimes develops into center at tjje north end of the running a gauntlet Siegfried line Washington Taint so Overcrowded Nowhere was there evidence that the Canadians were attempt Judge and Mrs William Dening to cross the wide Rhine The man here from California say offense already has overrun 120 the capital is as calm as a May square miles most it in Ger noonday compared with San Franmany cisco In San Francisco there are At the edge of the Cologne so many war workers so many I plain to the south where 3 allied sailors the streets downtown are armies have been stymied by Roer like Broadway at theatertime or river floods the stream level fell Fifth avenue on Easter Sunday 16 inches from midnight to day You have to fight your way I break bringing nearer the time through the jostling crowds when American and British Big Pacific transports come in armies may join the offensive and leave the Golden Gate San More and more Germans were Franciscans feel very near the drawn into the semiaquatic bat war tie which steadily was turning the Odd isnt it that Washington German flank in the north center of the wars direction I Barrages from hundreds upon should seem so far from the war hundreds of Field Marshal Mont But then Washington is riot near gomerys big guns and blasting of Propose Substitute for May Bill Washington republican senator joined two democratic col leagues Thursday in proposing to substitute for the disputed work erjail bill legislation strengthen ing the war manpower commis sions efforts to deal with labor shortages Terms of the proposed substi tute were made public late Wed nesday by Senators Kilgore D W Va and Wagner D N Kilgores office announced later that Senator Ferguson R Mich had asked to be listed as a co author The two democrats are members of the military affairs committee which has had control of the houseapproved limited na tional service bill for more than two weeks The ultimate purpose of substi tute is a comprehensive mobiliza tion of manpower so as to assure that each individual serves the na tion in the capacity for which he is best qualified in terms of the war effort the proponents said in a joint statement The bill would declare it the policy of congress that every in dividual is obligated to serve the nation during war in the capacity for which he or she is best quali fled In that respect it is consid erably broader than the workor ROOSEVELTMAY INQUIRE INTO FRENCH RELIEF Expect Relaxation of Some Terms of Italian Armistice London JP Some relaxation f Italian armistice terms and a ossible inquiry by President oosevelt into arrangements for ie relief of French civilians were ndicated Thursday by continen al dispatches The best available information n Paris was that Mr Roosevelt jad not yet reached France al liough a Paris broadcast said the iresident on his way back from he Crimean conference was re lorted by the Marseille Press to lave made a short stay at Mar eille French Mediterranean port President Roosevelt was ex pected to visit Italy on his re urn trip and arrangements to receive him also have been made aoth by the French government and by allied headquarters said a news story passed by allied censorship from Paris Wednes day night A joint British and American jail bill which would apply only to civilian men of 18 to 45 WMC would be given power t set employment ceilings fixing th maximum number workers b age sex or occupational qualifica tions in given areas or plants The commission could prohibit o regulate o the president thinksof when he I was so real to the Ruhr and mentions columnists 1 Rhineland thevery heart the German war effort that Field label these next paragraphs Marshal Walther von Model mus Ladies tered every reserve he could Two ladies who were once for his defending array center of a feud as exciting as the group Henry WallaceJesse Jones feud jhe Canadian first army al sat close at the same festive round ready behind the Siegfried line table when Mrs Evalyn Walsh up to the Rhine was in a statement announcing the Italian armistice easing terms McLean gave one of her famous position to push south and con dinners This dinner was in honor fjne or kill the enemy on either of the women the press side of his west wall fortifications The 2 ladies prima donnas both I Three of Gen Eisenhowers ar were Alice Roosevelt Longworth mies to the south watched with and Dolly Curtis Gann Not too satisfaction a gradual recession of long ago when Calvin Coolidge floods on the Roer river barring was president Bachelor Vice their path to the Cologne plain President Charles Curtis insisted still farther south and near the on having his hostess sister Mrs center of the western front the f Doliy Gann outrank Mrs LongAmerican third army made quar worth wife of Nicholas Long1 termile advances to within sight worth speaker of the house You might have thought that in this case wherever MacGregor sat was the head of the table But not so Hostesses had nerves and tempers trying to decide whether Mrs Longworth should sit above Mrs Gann or contrariwise Sundav night there was no seeming thought of who was clos er to the salt Mrs Longworth and Mrs Gann were side by side ex cept for Mrs George Mesta in between and talked as cheerfully as it they were Perhaps they an bosom now friends Mrs Longworth confessed that she was on the verge of doing a magazine article or 2 She was be ing well scolded for not using her talent and opportunity She prom ised a complete reformation What a Washington book she could do French Claim FDR on Way Home After Visit to Marseille Paris Roosevelt has visited Marseille in southern France on his way back to the United States from the big three conference at Yalta French sources said Thursday A French press agency dispatch ofcBitburg where 7 military high ways meet Alsace was quiet The British empire troops crept forward in the wake of blows struck Germany by 10000 planes in 36 hours much of their might loosed upon the area between the Rhine and Gen Eisenhowers 7 armies One group wrecked the Rhine bridge at the Ruhr city of IVesel 18 miles ahead of British troops Gen Henry Crerars Ca nadian first army appeared def initely headed south toward the Cologne plain On the west edge of that plain the British 2nd and the American 9th and 1st armies were checkmated by Roer river floods flowing from opened dams at the headwaters The Canadians Britons Scots and Welsh commanded by Crerar captured Hommersum Heijen and Warbeyen Opposite Emmerich and its plants producing iron chemicals leather goods textiles and rail equipment the Canadians were 13i miles inside Germany and 49 from the great Rhine city if Duesseldorf German resistance stiffened on he eastern and southern flanks oC the oozing battleground between he Rhine and Meuse Two bridge leads were widened and strengthened across the Niers river along which the Germans lilt also provides for chat neling workers where they ar needed with the government pay ing transportation cost Surrey would be made to determii whether labor is being used to tb best advantage The war mobilization director would make similar surveys of the use of manpower by the army and navy determining whether they are making the roost effective use of individuals in their employ or subject to their jurisdiction as members of the armed forces Hours before the text of the sub stitute was made available to re porters Clinton Golden who said le was talking for Philip Murray CIO president indorsed the Kil coreWagner bill whose principal lie listed in his testimony fceforc the military affairs committee Kilgore said the bill ready for introduction Thursday would be committed to the committee to be further studied and perfected some extent giving greater eco nomic aid to Italy and lifting some allied administrative con trols was reported in the offing It was predicted the statement would promise greater economic aid to Italy and lift some of the allied control of administrative affairs An Associated Press dispatch Wednesday night from Rome der clared it was understoodthere the declaration would be announced soon in Washington and London This dispatch said agreement on the new status for Italy was re ported to have been reached after the British steadfastly refused an American suggestion that the present armistice be scrapped The new pronouncement was believed in Rome to keep Italy still definitely in the category of a conquered country Some Ital ian officials are said to have ad TW1STER WREAKS HAVOC IN DEEP tornado which roared through parts of Mississippi and Alabama created this chaotic scene at Montgomery Ala Fortythree persons lost their lives and an estimated 200 were injured Property damage from the howling gale is estimated in the hundreds of thousands of dollars Americans Storm Last Jap Resistance in Manila as Planes Blast Corregidor Manila troops threw the and swungin frohvthesouth and east to storm the last big center of Japanese resistance in the old walled city Twentyfive miles to the west American warplanes were ham mering away at the fortress vocated full elimination of armistice agreement on the the said an announcement of thepres idents visit was published in Mar seille newspapers The dispatch did not disclose the dale or pur pose of the visit however It was the first word of the presidents whereabout since the three conference ended last Sunday Prime Minister Churchill visited Athens Wednesday Reliable American and French sources denied published reports that Mr Roosevelt intends to visit Paris His special adviser Judge Samuel Rosenman was in Paris Wednesday however on a genera tour of liberated countries to study their needs MAY LEVITT BROADCASTS London empire radio conference which opens Thursday was expected to demand tha Germany and Japan be deprivet of all except local broadcasting alter the war the Daily Express reported had hoped to shield Goch One was at Hommersum the other at Villers Both are 5 miles from Goch but vanguards pressed to within 3 miles of that town Wed nesday The small Kleve state forest 3 miles north of Goch was cleared Empire troops were within miles of Calcar road center close to the Rhine Bitter seesaw fighting contin ued at the edge of Kessel on ttv Nicrs 5 miles west of Goch Tb Germans despite the fury of thei counterattacks clearly weretak ing the worst of it Scottish vanguards were ad vancing down the 8 mile Kleve Calcar highway east of th Reich swald and along the mai lateral from Nijmegen Agains heavy opposition they also edge forward on the KleveUdem road HOUSE VOTES APPROPRIATIONS Board of Control Tax Commission Included DCS Moines about half n hour the house approved hursday the appropriation of 13704400 a year for each of the ext 2 years for the support ol tate board of control and boarc f education institutions and the tate tax commission This was 5862100 more than as appropriated for the 3 groups n 1913 Not a dissenting vote was ast against the proposals The ippropriations are for the fiscal years beginning July 1 The largest single appropriation vas a year for the next 2 years for support the 8 board of education institutions This is he same as recommended by the jovernor and comptroller A total of a year was appropri ated for these institutions in 1943 The bill passed 103 to 0 The appropriation for the 15 board of conrtol institutions was 55286700 a year for the next 2 years This also is the same as approved by the governor and comptroller The amount appro priated in 1943 was The vote was 96 to 0 The total of was ap propriated for the state tax com mission for each ot the next 2 years The money would come from Income corporation and ground it constitutes a psycho logical impediment to full Italian collaboration in fighting the nazis The Rome dispatch said that despite the expected new declara tion it was believed all secret clauses of the surrender docu ment signed in September 1943 by Marshal Pietro Badoglio would remain known only to a few Why these clauses never have een made public remains a mys tery The Italian government has said it was willing to have them mown President Roosevelt said last summer he saw no objection Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazeti carrier boy Military security however still is said to be involved While Paris dispatches were re porting it was expected President Roosevelt would call on Pope Pius and perhaps visit France during his current visit abroad official announcement was made Wednes day night that Churchill had reached Athens He was accom panied by Foreign Secretary An thony Eden It was disclosed also that Gen George C Marshall V S army chief of staff had stopped off in Italy on his way back from the big 3 parley and had been tour ing the front for 3 days U S Secretary of State Edward R Stettinius who went to Mos cow from the Crimea left the Russian capital by plane Wednes day a Russian broadcast said Wednesday night of Corregidor in the mouth of Ma nila bay to clear the way for a seaborne landing on the rock Recapture of Corregidor would enable the big guns of the Ameri can battle fleet to work over the remaining Japanese defenses in side Manila at close range and probably would wipe out all re sistance in short order Tokyo broadcasts said Ameri can warships shelled Corregidor heavily on Tuesday and that mine sweepers had begun clearing the channel between the island and Bataan peninsula suggesting that a naval assault on Manila bay was imminent InsideManila the bulk of the Japanese defenders were being herded slowly hack behind the massive walls of the Spanish city savage attack by tanks and infantrymen of the U S first cavalry and 37th infantry divisions Most of the Japanese artillery in the area already had been silenced and the main opposition came from machine gun nests snipers and hundreds of mines sowed through e streets The Yanks were making no al sales taxes The comptroller had governor approved and that amount It compared with 5140 000 appropriated in 1913 The vote was 101 to 0 The house passed 2 other im portant bills and one minor one and sent them along with the appropriation measures to the senate Find Mrs Brewer in Minnesota Charles City Helen Brewer who failed to appear or her trial in Mitchell county las week Friday and again Tuesday has been apprehended and is in custody in Minnesota according to County Attorrfey Weston E Jones Attorney Jones says that eithe she will agree voluntarily to re turn to Mitchell county with an Iowa peace officer or that extra dition proceedings will be startec She is charged with assault wit intent to commit murder by Shcr iff B F Atherton who claims sh attacked him with a club whil serving a search warrant in a hur for stray calves at her father farm GAINS IN CHINA Chungking UPJ Chines troops have occupied the Burm road town of Kutkai 36 milcx north of Japaneseheld Lashio communique said Thursday there and seized large quantities of food clothing and ammunition The thrust got under way at a m Tuesday Manila time with a terrific air and sea bom bardment Corregidor where the original American garrison on Lu zon went down to defeat in April 1942 Tokyo said Two battleships 4 cruisers and 5 destroyers participated in the bombardment the broadcast said Corregidors batteries replied and n furious gun duel ensued with the invading surface craft the enemy account said Toward evening Tokyo said 2C American minesweepers entered he narrow channel between Cor egidor and Bataan peninsula vhich forms the northern rim he gateway to Manila bay Japa Lese guns sank one minesweeper md the remainder were effec ively checked Tokyo said LITTLE ACTION Rome army patrols suffered casualties from heavy German artillery fire near Mount Belmonte about 10 miles south of REDS ENCIRCLE FORST RAH HUB OF AREA Yank British Planes Pound Dresden and Immediate Objectives London said Thursday that Russian forces supported by American and Brit ish bomber fleets had broken across the Neisse river on both sides of Forst strategic rail hub C2 miles southeast of Berlin and the same distance northeast of Dresden More than 1550 American war planes renewed direct support of the red army Thursday smashing again at Dresden and Cottbus strategic transport center just 12 miles west of the red army spear heads at Forst It was the closest support action yet given to the red army by thc U S strategic air forces Both nazi and soviet reports in dicated that Marshal Ivan S Ko nevs army was laying open the flanks of the German defenses be fore Berlin and Dresden the Sax ony capital which has been stag gered by AngloAmerican aerial onslaughts Marshal Konstantin K Rokos sovskys drive through the Po lish corridor toward the Baltic overran Chojnice rail junction 63 miles southwest of Danzig 42 miles northwest of Bydgoszcz and 5 miles inside Poland Tuchola 15 miles southeast of Chojnice also fell Konevs 1st Ukrainian army ap peared to have pulverized the de fenses of all Silesia and was re ported fanning out north west and south less than 100 miles from Berlin and about 75 miles from Prague Forthe 2nd straight day Ameri London allied aerial 1 can heavy bomberswerereported Germany reach1 pounding German strong points ed unprecedented proportions j behind the eastern front in direct Thursday as fresh fleets of bombJsupportof the red army BjKnighl ers roared over the reich follow another great fleet of British ing overnight assaults by 1300 hit Chemnitz southwest of Dres RAF planes which included a den Berlin targets south of Leip smashing attack on the eastern zig and other points in Germany front rail center of Chemnitz A United Press dispatch from Five powerful waves of heavy Moscow said mobile formations of bombers each with a strong Konevs army sweeping west fighter escort were reported parward from the Bober reached the ticipatin in the new daylight Neisse river on a broad front and Allied Planes Smash Reich Rail Center raids giving Germany a scourg was threatening Goerlitz ing exceeding anything she pre miles east of Dresden 5U Konev is encountering growing dawn j Silesia the dispatch viousiy had experience J In the 36 hours up to IT f Thursday more than 9000 Amer sald Bu he forging ahead in j iiujuMj uu j 1 n rlrttr ulnntr TtJinU ican and British planes had looked thousands of tons of plosives and incendiaries upon Be rim westwardtoward Dresden German cities supply lines and troop concentrations t Leipzig within sight of the border of Saxony and to the south Another dispatch said the battle for Goerlitz was raging and the UULJ I w i Chemnitz main target of thejbehmdBreslauJ RAF assault Wednesday night is situated 35 miles southwest of Dresden and is one of the largest had been flanked apparently industrial cities of Saxony It had meaning a crossing of the Neisse been hit only afew hours earlier mpt at a spectacular sweep into le walled city but were advanc ig deliberately from block to ock clearing out every possible nemy hideout as they went for The storming of theIntramuros owever was expected to be a uick and bloody affair Many o le enemy in the waterfront trap vere known to be imperial ma ines the toughest and most fa atical of all Japanese troops ant t was likely that their last stand vould be a noquarter fight to leath A smaller pocket of enemy re istance centered around Fort WcKinley on the southeastern oul kirts of Manila also was being reduced slowly by American ar illery and divebombers Isolated Japanese strongpoints I also extended clear across the city from Fort McKinley almost to the waterfront bounded on the south iy Nichols field and on the north by the first cavalry line running from the southern end of Nielson field to Harrison park None of Ihese were very strongly held however and they were being mopped up by American tank and infantry forces On Bataan meanwhile other American troops cleaned out a number of troublesome Japanese pockets along the OlongapoDina Inplhan road traversing the top of the peninsula and drove 11 miles down the east coast to capture Abncay Abncay was the eastern anchor of Gen Douglas MacAr thurs first defense line on Bataan in 1942 Farther to the north units of the 40th division struck out into the hills west of Fort Spotsenburg routed strong Japanese forces en trenched in a network of caves Bologna headquarters said Thurs day Action in other sections was confined to minor skirmishes can bombers out over Germany Wednesday British heavy bombers also at tacked a synthetic oil plant at Ro silz just south of Leipzig Wed nesday night while Mosquitns hit refugeepacked Berlin More than 1300 aircraft partici pated in the 4 night RAF attacks Chemnitz was hit twice each time by approximately I bombers 400 heavy POPE ILL London physicians have ordered Pope Pius XII to bed for treatment of a throat ailment the London Daily Mail reported in a Rome dispatch Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cold wave Thursday night and Friday with lowest temperature zero to 5 above Iowa Cold wave Thursday nigh and Friday with temperature falling to near zero in north west portion and 10 to 15 above zero in southeast porliou Thurs day night Snow flurries Thurs day night decreasing cloudincs Friday strong winds diminish ing Friday Minnesota Cold wave with tern peratures falling to 5 to 15 be low northwest ranging to nea zero south east portion by Fri day morning Snow flurries south and extreme east portion Thursday night becoming fai Friday Strong winds diminish ing Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 41 Minimum Wednesday 30 At 8 a m Thursday 35 Precipitation 04 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum minus 2 Like Dresden Chemnitz is be eved packed with refugees flee ng the Russian advance It also one of the places where some erlin government offices are re jorted to have been moved Chemnitz became thc major al ied target in a quick switch from resden aflame from 3 concen rated attacks within 12 hours A major railroad hub Chem nitz has been used by the Ger mans for collecting billeting and egrouping German troops The German air force which attempted to halt only one of Wednesdays 4 American daylight leavy bomber fleets made a mod est effort to protect rail move ments in thc BritishCanadian battle area Nazi fighters also staged a token defense of Chem nitz during the night British and American tactical bombers and fighters based on the continent had a big day Thc weather was perfect for lowlevel operations U S 9th air force bombers and fighters flew about 2000 sorties and the British tactical air force 1800 These were their combined claims Destroyed 215 locomotives and 1067 freight cars damaged 900 freight cars and locomotives de stroyed or damaged 615 motor the Tseisse river line and threatening to crash into Saxony Koncv has smashed through the Oder and he is enteringthe battle for Berlin and moving with a rapidity catastrophic for thc Germans as the Oder line is col lapsing and losing every vestige of its once great importance the broadcast said Radio Moscow quoting a front dispatch to the newspaper Pravda said soviet mobile formations ad vancing nonstop across Silesia had emerged on the Neisse river at a point 50 miles vcst of Licg nitz That would put Marshal Ivan S Konevs first Ukrainian army either in the vicinity of Goerlitz some 56 miles cast of Dresden or southeast of Rothenburg at a point 58 miles east of Dresden and 11 miles north of Goerlitz The drive to thc Neisse last water barrier before Dresden car ried across the Tschine and Queis rivers and represented an advance of at least 20 miles from last known positions Last previous soviet reports placed the first vehicles places cut railways in 239 Italybased heavy bombers of the U S air force 500 strong blasted selected targets in Austria and Yugoslavia Wednesday con centrating on rail lines supplying the Germans both in Hungary and in Italy army at the Queis 70 miles north ast of Dresden though a nazi roadcast said they were 66 miles away Swedish press dispatches re ported to the OWI said a large cale compulsory evacuation of eastern Silesia was under way Long columns of refugees were said to be enroute to Bavaria from Dresden and Leipzig Pravda said the Germans were bringing up all available reserves in an attempt to halt thc soviet advance Most bitter fighting was said to he under way Other front dispatches said Ko nevs forces were within sight of the Saxony border which begins west of Goerlitz Units of the firtt army struck north along the west baiik of thc flooded Oder river toward Frankfurt and Ber lin Moscow said Konevs northern columns were ncaring a junction ;