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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 15, 1944, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES UOINCS I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Pun Uubed Wina Five Cents a Copyt MASON CITX IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 15 1944 This Paper Consists ot Two One NO m TANKS FAIL TO FREE TRAPPED NAZIS IN RUSSIA 2 Soviet Armies Push Nearer Stronghold of Germans at Pskov By EDDY GILMOKE Moscow red army Ifjhas halted a heavy tank attack Ejlaunched by the Germans north llvvest of Zvenigorodka in an un attempt to rescue large Sazi forces hopelessly trapped in he Cherkasy pocket the arm icwspaper Red Star said Tuesday hile at the northern ends of the ront 2 soviet armies are moving Loser to the Germanheld strong quired old of Pskov mittee Red Star declared that the Ger lau tank attack in the jiorthwes jrner of the upper Dnieper be IK 4as exceedingly fierce and tha Marshal Fritz von Mann stein apparently was uumiudfu of the amount of men and ma chines he was losing It was hurled against a narrow sector and was stopped after slight wedgelike penetration th paper added Fighting was most violen northwest of Zvenigorodka an west of captured Korsun core o nazi resistance in the Cherkas death ring Red Star pointed ou that the ranks of the enemy with in the trap have been markedl reduced and that even if a fei tanks crashed the red army line the Germans great losses woul in no way compensate them for what they would find Of the 100000 to 150000 Ger mans originally reported trapped by the red army there is reason to believe that not more than 50000 remain Red Star said The capture of Korsun where resist ance was especially fierce saw many nazis die dispatches said while the battles of the last few days have greatly increased the It enemy cfeath toll as the Russians mercilessly slaughtered all those who refused to surrender Describing the unsuccessful German attempt at rescue Red Star said that soviet slormovik dive bombers turned the rolling land northwest of Zvenlgarodka into a field of flaming tanks Extend Iowa Bond Campaign Dne Week Still Hope for iowa Drive to Go Over Top Des Moiues Iowa war finance committee announced uesday the 4th war loan campaign would be extended to the last veek of the month The drive originally was to have ended Tuesday Although the special ecurities ottered during the drive vill not be sold after Tuesday ales of series E F and G bonds and series C tax notes processed jy the federal reserve bank in Chicago before Feb 23 will apply on quotas The state committee explained hat this means that issuing igents shpuld mail all remittances or those securities to the federal eserve bank not later than Feb 20 since the lag between actual issuance ot the bonds and process ing by the bank is about 3 days The extension of the drive is due largely to the lag between issuance of bonds and the time re fer processing thc com declared With a little more time it added it was be lieved the state would go over the top in the campaign V L Clark drive manager that everyone who had signed up to buy extra bonds should make their purchases im mediately The latest reports show Iowa has reached 79 per cent of its e 5177000000 quota E Bond Soles Lag in County There were indications Tuesday that Cerro Gordo county was nearing its quota in the 4th war loan drive but the only available showed sales of while R artillery Jired over open sights at thewaves of Ger man armor battering at the red armys outer cordon On the Baltic front other rec army forces were within 40 miles JS of Pskov key to the Baltic states RED TERMS TO FINNS PLANNED Russia Has No Drastic Designs on Territory London Russia was reported Tuesday to have advised Finland that she has no drastic designs upon Finnish territory but that if the Finns want peace they must surrender unconditionally and grant Russian forces use of al their air and sea bases as well as internal communications facilities The London NewsChronicle in a dispatch from Stockholm saic Dial These terms had been inti mated unofficially to Finnish leaders who arrived recently in the Swedish capital presumably for the purpose of sounding out Russians on the subject of peace j At the same time Walter Fan Stockholm correspondent of the London Daily Mail sard in a somewhat similar dispatch impression I get is that Finland will be out of the war in matter of weeks and possibly There was no confirmation of these reports from any source and neither Helsinki nor Moscow gave any intimation that contact BRITISH CLAMP CONTROLS OVER BAY OF BISCAY Measure Designed to Prevent Potentially Adverse Observations London British navy clamped a tight preinvasion con trol on shipping in the Bay ol Biscay Tuesday declaring 150000 square miles of waters to be dangerous and asserting that any vessel entering them without per mission does so at its own risk The measure announced by the admiralty was designed to preven potentially ftdverse observation and to increase antisubmarine 300 Nazis Seen Fleeing Monastery After Flying Forts Make Attacks GUNS OF ALLIES OPEN FIRE ON ROUJEDTROOPS and western anchor of a German i salient extending to Staraya Rus 110 miles to the cast The Russianswere sweeping south on a 70milewide front between Luga and Lake Piepus Moscow said and captured several more towns Tuesday to add to the 2000 square miles of territory already liberated in their 6day drive Capture of Pskov would cut oft from retreat those German forces still operating in the Lake Ilmen Staraya Russa sector and would give the Russians a base from which operations to clear the Ger mans from the Baltic states could be launched A drive to the west would virtually seal off Estonia from Germany while Riga vian capital on the Baltic coast is just 175 miles from Pskov Series E bonds at only 55 per cent of the quota of SI101000 Sales of E bonds to the end of last week were reported 930 by the countys issuing agen cies Extension of the drive on indi vidual purchases to the end of the month announced Tuesday by the state war finance commit tee was received happily by the county committee as an oppor tunity to better the record as it stood at the end of the regular period set for the drive Jan 18 to Feb 15 If everyone doeshis part ye can still make a recorfav of which Cerro n be proud suggested Clarence Ai Knutson7 was finance chairman We should at least try toexceed the state and national average A bright spot in the Mason City campaign was the report that 3 salesgirls of the United Fruit store had topped S70000 in sales had been established as a basis for peace negotiations In fact Helsinki dispatches passed by the Finnish censors and relayed here through Stockholm send there was no official indica tion that the government had asked for Russias terms or was even ready to do so It was clear however that the Finnish majority social democrats uas putting strong pressure on the government lo acl and there were some intimations that the issue might precipitate a cabinet shakeup A summary ol purely unofficia reports gave this picture of the which the Russians were safdVt6i have conveyedto the measures in the vast expanse o sea lying in the elbow of the French and Spanish the primary Atlantic approach to western Europe The proclamation a 1 m o s doubled the waters lying of Britain designated as dangerou to shipping and served as a warn ing to dilatory neutrals interestcc in Atlantic shipping A considerable part of the 150 00 square miles bounded rough by Spain France and Britis vaters undoubtedly will be mined Neutral ships have bee varned a naval source said hey venture into the area with out permission anything ma lappen to them PRESSURE IS TIGHTENED lECUETARY KNOX DECLARE Washington the Navy Frank Knox said Tucs day that the United States an Great Britain are tightening tl pressure of their blockade again sea borne transportation of goods to Germany Commenting on a British ad miralty announcement that an embargo had been placed on shipping in the Bay of Biscay Knox told reporters That is significant because it parallels action taken by us on this side to reduce to the mini mum and eventually eliminate transportation of goods to Gei MONASTERY Hying fortresses and artillery Tuesday shelled the Benedictine monastery strategically located on the crest of Mount Cassino Allies de clared not only were the Germans usingthe monastery for observation but quartering troops there who fired at Americans Yanks Occupy Isle Between New Guinea and New Britain By MOKRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor The steadily improved position ot the united nations in the south west Pacific was enhanced further Tuesday by American occupation of a small but strategic between New Guinea and New Britain In contrast with earlier battles for enemy territory V S troops seized Rooke Umboil island un IOWAN IS KILLED March field Cal Lt Homer Evinger AnitaIowa was one of 4 crewmen killec when an army B24 bombei crashed into a parked plane or a runway NewWillson Song Iowa to Be Aired The first domestic performance of Maj Meredith Willsons new song Iowa is to be heard Thursday eveningat 8 oclock ac cording to word received here Tuesday Premiere of the song was by the armed forces radio service to which the native Mason Cityan is attached It was broad cast lo all overseas fighting men The domestic performance will be by Bing Crosby on the Kraft Mu sic Hall program at 8 p in Iowa time Thursday evening to surrenderuncon ditionally disarm her military forces and surrender all arms am to permit soviet oc cupation of her chief cities rail way centers and air and sea bases for the duration of the war against Germany lo guarantee that German troops now in believed to number about 7 divi not be permitted to escape to cede Russia the port of Petsamosituated on the narrow tongue of Finnish territory which extends north to the Artie sea between Norway and the present Russian border Oh her part Russia was said to have indicated a willingness to forego any further major terri torial demands standing on the border established by the 1940 FinnishRussian peace treaty with many through France Almost all of Germanys blockade runners land in the Bay of Biscay action should halt any attempt lo goidds from Spain to France across the Bay of Biscay Al this indicates a tightening of the pressure of our blockade Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy the exception of minor revisio is in the vicinity of Salla and south eastern Karelia Russia also was reported ready to forego her lease on the Hangoe naval base at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland NORTHERN FRONT RUSSIA Works on Income Tax With Heavy Gloves On Virginia Minn Visitors xpressed surprise when the ound R J McNiff advertising manager of the Virginia Enter prise working frantically at his ncomc heavy winter on My fingernails won ast until March 15 McNiff ex plained v REDS GAIN IN of nazis in northern Russia is now cndaiigeredswitli the fall oE the rail hub of Luga south of Leningrad German troops under General Von Kiiechler have been driven from Polna on Lake Pcipus toward Pskov Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and contjn ued cold Tuesday night lowest Tuesday night in Mason City 5 below Wednesday cloudy with slowly rising temperature Fowa Light snow and warmer southwest and extreme west portion and increasing cloudi ness with little change in tem peratures remainder of state Tuesday night Wednesday light now and slowly rising tempera lures Minnesota Partlycloudy north and cloudy south portion with occasional light snow southwest portion Tuesday night Light snow south and occasional light snow north portion Wednesday Continued cold Tuesday night Warmer Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 25 above Minimum Monday night 2 below At 8 a m Tuesday 2 below At amTuesday 8 above I YEAR AGO Maximum 2 Minimum Minus 1 Precipilation 05 Snowfall 3 inches BERRY HEADS POSTWAR GROUP Iowa Rehabilitation Commission Convenes Des Sloines Berry Indianola editor was chosen chairman of the recently formed Iowa postwar rehabilitation com mission at its first meeting Tues day Barr Keshlear of Shenandoah former member of the state com merce commission was named secretary of the group Twentytwo of the 25 members of the commission appointed sev eral weeks ago by Gov B B Bickenlooper attended the initial meeting The commission was provided for under a joint reso lution of the 1943 legislature Edward A Kimball i member of the commission nnd chairman of the stale industrial and de fense commission told the post war group that the industrial and defense commission at an earlier meeting Tuesday voted to lend its support to the newly formed organization Kimball recommended that the postwar group name Rodney Q Selby secretary of the industrial and defense commission as its secretary He expressed the opin ion that the Iowa emergencywar act under which the industrial and defense group operates was sufficiently broad to enable it to carry out the wishes of the post war committee He called atten tion to the fact that the resolu tion creating the postwar mission carried PJO appropriatioi i and stated the industrial and de fense commissions appropriatioi was ample to finance the affairs of both groups Senator George Faul K De Moincs suggested that the post war group should pick a secre tary from its own membership and Oliver vKeilejr secretary o the Burlington Chamber of Com mcrce nominated Keshlear It appears to me said Jin O Henry of Council Bluffs in opposed Saturday to complete al lied domination of both Vitaiz and Dampier straits along the vital supnlv line for the Bismarck archipelago The Japanese made aerial at tacks on American positions at Cape Gloucester and Arawe Mew Britain Torokina Bougainville and for the first time since the central Pacific campaign struck at Roi island ot captured Kwaja lein atoll in the Murshalls Dam age and casualties generally were reported r The save 4ts aircraft for major defense opera tions showed scant opposition fo allied raids nose bases o the southwest More hau 200 allied planes fought through a curtain of aerial interceptors and intense antiair craft fire to dump an additional 179 tons of bombs on 3 airdromes at Rabaul New Britain The raiders lost 3 aircraft to 7 for the Japanese Two enemy planes were smashed on the ground in a HTMon assault the navy flyers carried out their heavy attacks without fighter op position or ground fire Navy aircraft also struck at Ujelang midway between Eni I wetok and Ponape important Japanese base in the Carolines jroup at Utirik and Ujae on the vestern side of the Mnrshalls while arni3f bombers and fighters Ground Observers See Uniformed Germans Running From Structure By LYNX AND GEOKGE TUCKER Naples OPi Waves of flying fortresses dropped boinbs on the centuriesold Benedictine monas tery at Mt Cassino Tuesday to help clear the road to Rome rout ing almost 300 Germans from the lofty observation post where they had directed murderous fire against American doughboys As the smoke of the aerial bom bardment died down allied big suns started shelling the abbey The first aerial attack came about a m a m Cen tra war time and sent from 50 to a hundred uniformed German soldiers running from the monas tery ground observers reported to allied headuarters Once they appeared in the open allied artillerymen opened up with a barrage of shells thit covered the terrain over which the nazis were fleeing A second uave of bombers fol lowed sending an estimated 200 more Germans out of the monas tery They likcuisc were engaged by artillery The Monastery founded 14 een PUT CEILINGS ON MEALS IN IOWA Program to Be Placed in Effect March 6 Des Moincs Price ceilings will be put inld effect March 6 on meals and drinks served by rest aurants and taverns in the M county Des Moincs office ol price administration district Walter D Kline acting OPA district direc tor announced Tuesday Similar regulations will go into effect at the same time in the olh jj er areas of the midwest OPA rej tlujes on Mt Cas northwest of Rooke was Dec 2ti when American invasion of Cape Gloucester New Britain enemys shippine rout from j gioii Kline added overlooking the town of Cas The ceilings provide that after smo mc dominating the road March G restaurants and taverns I which the Germans hold as a corri dor for their despc troops in Cnssino Because of its strategic position the Germans have converted the attacked 3 unidentified atolls in the Mavshnlls Occupation of Rooke island without the firing of a shot indi catcd the Japanese had abandoned j may nol chase more for any theiv desperately resisting il as untenable Long island meal beverage or food item than they charged during the period from April 4 to 10 1943 the i tor declared In recent months food serving cstab Itshmerrts verns had been asked by the OPA tohold to the April 410 prices on a volun tary basis We realize of course ihat majority of the restaurants in the Des Moincs district have been j Michael Curley archbishop of complying with OPAs request for Baltimore and Washington ex voluntary adherence lo the prices pressed regret Tuesday at the they charged during April 4 to 10 1943 Kline said However some operators have disregarded the Radio t and central Pacific 1 1 Argentina Declared War Against Axis London UR The alliedcon trolled Algiers radio said Tuesday that Argentina has declared war against the axis The broadcast which had no immediate confirmation C r o m German Use of Abbey Is Scored by Archbishop Baltimore The Most Rev on Kavieng Xcvv Ireland which Aires followed reliable re drew not a single enemy fightcr into the air Seven more parked aircraft were destroyed at Wewak northeastern New Guinea where again there was no interception Disinclination of the Japanese fight it out in the sky was lown well in Mondays announce ent of the 3day hammering of niwetok atoll in the Marshalls by S carrierbased planes Al lough the island is regarded siding with Faul and Reiley tha the interests represented here ar so varied that it might be well tc have a secretary from our ow group We might run into con flict where the field is so broad Kimball then withdrew hi nomination of Selby and Kesh lears election was by acclama tion Kimball then repealed h earlier statement that the offic and clerical help of the defens commission would be available to the postwar group ports from Montevideo that Ar gentine Foreign Minister Gen Al berto Gilbert had resigned his posU The Algiers radio said Argen tina considers herself at war agafhst the axis after the sinking of an Argentine ship in the south Atlantic DOGCATCHEK RESIGNS Pocatello Idaho wont no ot the enemys prime stepping have to worry about a dogs life tones from Truk Japanese naval any longer The astion in the Caroline islands resigned lo clip hair request As a result OPA decided that in fairness to the many who were complying the ceilings should be made mandatory tlViolalors of the regulations will be subject to criminal penal ties civil enforcement actions triple damage suits and suspension proceedings SPRINKLER SYSTEM BREAKS Des Moincs esti mated by A M Nortvcdt mana get at 350000 resulted when o broken sprinkler system pifce caused a large volume of water to soak merchandise stored on the I 3 upper floors nnd in the base dogcntcher hasjmcnt of the Montgomery Ward necessity fur bombing tile Bene dictine monastery at Ml Cassino but said tha1 every Catholic Co warehouse Monday night Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ALLIED FIFTH BATTLES FIERCELY FOR infantry ol tne allied 5th army is moving across an open field toward a farmhouse in which Germans bad set up a machine gun luring the battle of the beachhead bulge below Rome while a hit c German tank blazes to the right of the farmhouse Allied troops are now regaining iniiia tive after fighting off German attempts lo drive them back into the sea throughout the world am sure ivill understand At the same he denounced the Germans for their nefarious warfare Saying he knew the Italian mon astery very well and had visited it Ihe archbishop added thai if it had to brt bombed I am very sure that our American fighting men had no desire whatever to destroy that glorious symbol and fixed sanctuary of Christianity The Germansevidently took dvantaec nf the American atti ude toward such a monument nd according to all information hey tool possession of that acred place in order to carry out heir nefarious warfare Every Catholic throughout the vorld I am sure will understand he bonilin by our hoys monastery into n fortress and an mpcrtant key for ihcir netvork of Jirtifkations 70 miles southeast f Rome Direct hits were scored by the fortresses but there was no im mediate estimate as to the extent of iie damage inflicted Ground troops of the 5th army wcrc onlookers as our airforce dropped bombs on the monastery and German network of defenses on Abbey hill this mornine an allied headquarters statement said Ground observers reported direct hits on the massive structure A Reulcrs correspondent with Ihc 5th army said marauders and Mitchells bombed the Abbey again Tuesday aftcrnono A Berlin broadcast declared the monastery svas in flames from the morning altnck giving there were no German troops in the Abbey nor in its neighborhood at the time of She bombing no firciighting appliances were avail able Therefore t h c buildings could not b High from at least 2 strings of bombs smashed directly un the roof of ihc sturdy olri abbey founded in 529 A D by St Benedict Nazi troops have lakcn up posi tions there allied headquarters declared lo send murderous fire against U S troops assaulting the Hill overlooking the town of Cas siuo Smoke poured from the roof of tht abbey itself and the earth shaking bombs sent up great plumes of Kray ant blade smoke The British radio ina broad cast heard by CBS said 100 Tly ing flew over the peak1 of Mt Cussino and pouncicd Ger mm positions there The G c r m i n communique broadcast by Berlin 5aid Mt Cas sino abbey was bombed although no German soldiers were either in ;