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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 14, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LV Associated Press and United Press Full Five Cents a Copyt One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor The Our BestPaying Job all of us can quit feeling sorry for our president in at least one respect Under the terms of the measure rushed through congress just before Mr Trumans inauguration last month the of fice of chief executive becomes ONE of the best and perhaps THE jobs in the United States Whereas in the past the presi dent has had little or nothing left out ot his annual salary after deductions for income tax and expenses incident to the duties of his office he now ends up with takehome pay figured at 000 The presidential salary has been increased from to At present in come tax rates applicable to that he would be left with about a year But that isnt the whole story 550000 of Clear Velvet The expense allowance for the president has been stepped up from a year to with a provision that there need be no accounting for the top 000 of that amount Proponents of the increase made no secret of their intent to make this 000 taxfree sum pure velvet for the president In practical effect this measure puts the presidential income at a year after taxes A man in business or industry would have to receive somewhere be tween and to have that much left after taxes More about that later But the emoluments of office for the president dont end with the salary These include a palatial home in which to live a private Pullman car a yacht an airplane a squad of from 20 to 25 automobiles a retinue of servants a barber a to men tion a few of them Equal to Million A writer in the United States News World Report recently presented a documeVited article in which the conclusion was reached that it would require an annual income of about to match the white house job tinder the terms of the new legislation In this visit with you I shall be drawing rather heavily on that article At the outset however I should like to have it understood that I do not proceed from a cri tical approach To the contrary 1 want the holder of the worlds most responsible position amply compensated I do not want to see it restricted to those can afford to make a fi nancial sacrifice In the past our presidents have had a wealth of perquisites while in office such as those to which I have referred But theyve ended up their terms of service holding the bag financially That is not a healthy condition Little Left Over in Past As a matter of fact Harry Tru man will be the first president in history to come out of the presi dency with any substantial sav ings based on his service in the white house It is reliably re ported that in his 3 years after succeeding F D R his outgo and income almost exactly matched each other Until the administration of U S Grant the presidential pay was fixed at out of which the chief executives had to pay their own expenses Then it was stepped up to where it remained until 1907 when an item of 000 was set up for presidential travel expenses In 1909 the presidential salary was increased again to a year Subsequently the expense allowance was boosted to a year Congressional pay has been raised but the presidents compen sation has stayed put Horses Arent Spared Its only in the matter of dollar pay that our country has been conservative with respect to the chief executive A rentfree man years old and now un der extensive and expensive re pair only one of the substantial emoluments pro gressively added to the office of president It can be said that whatever the president might need or want for his travel security comfort rec reation health and pleasure is within easy reach Some of these services and facilities Ive already mentioned But I didnt exhaust the list In fact I barely touched on them Theres the private swimming pool tennis courts horseshoe pits and horses to ride when the presi dent or his family want them His household has free medical and dental care at its command He has free bands movies the pick of singers dancers and artists of til kinds and his choice of ath letic events Perquisites Count Up Its these side emoluments that bring the cost of maintaining the white house up to a level beyond which no private persons would be able to reach out of current even the movie stars m the president of a steel com CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 14 1949 This Paper Consists ot Two HOME EDITION HI I I I I I W No 109 AND A HAPPY ST VALENTINES DAY TO YOU I No one would on sucha tender very little was youll never know whatJamie Moen 4 son of Mr and Mrs John Moen 6 llth N E said to Sherry Swab 3 daughter of Mr and MrsJim Swab 904 Delaware N E But a happy St Valentines day to you anyhow Beardsley Accepts Gifts From France Des Moines William S Beardsley Sunday accepted for the state a boxcar full of French art objects which express the thanks for the French people for the food and clothing in the 1947 Friendship train The Iowa car from the French Thank You train was turned over to Roger Williams Ames head of the American Legion 40 and 8 Its contents will be placed en display at public buildings throughput the state and at the Iowa Historical building Eightdegree weather limited the crowd at the presentation cere mony to a handful but Legion of ficials said they had ridden the boxcars in World war one when it was a lot colder Louis Cast president of the Railway Veterans association of France said it has indeed been cold but I have been genuinely shaken by the warmth of the wel come in Iowa WIN 2ND PLACE county won 2nd place for the 4H club service award presented at a meeting of the Iowa Rural Young Peoples Assembly Saturday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and warmer through Tuesday Snow Monday night Low Monday night 14 High Tuesday 27 Iowa Cloudy Monday night with snow or freezing rain south por tion Tuesday snow north and rain south portions Warmer Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 10 to 15 north to 15 to 20 south Minnesota Mostly cloudy with light snow Monday night south east and extreme east portions except 4 to 6 inches likely in ex treme southeast Light snow north portion Tuesday Rising temperatures IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 5 Minimum 7 below At 8 a m Monday 3 Precipitation none YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 26 7 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Tobin Says Unemployment Situation Bears Watching Washington Secretary of Labor Tobin said Monday the un employment situation should be closely watched so measures can be taken to head oli a recession should one begin to threaten Tobin was at the capitol as a witness before the senatehouse economic committee That group is holding hearings on the general economic outlook Oscar R Ewing federal security administrator was another wit ness He said higher government old age and unemployment in surance payments would put a strong brake on the swing of the business cycle Ewing also rec ommended that the social security system be extended to cover addi tional people Tobin said that unemployment still is rising but the rate of in crease appears to have slackened But the nation is in its period of full postwar readjustments the labor secretary said and caution is needed While the volume of unem ployment at the present time is not large the situation is one which should be closely watched with a view to making sure that adequate measures are available both to as sist workers laid off in the read justments in industry now going on and to head off a recession should one begin to threaten Loss of jobs due to postwar re adjustments continued to rise in January and in early February Tobin said but reemployment of those laid off also has been in creasing Tobin said wage increases have lagged behind price increases in the postwar years He also said that recent living cost declines in evitably will reduce pressure for new wage increases Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday Precipitation Maximum Minimum 18 1 1 20 S 3 Tots Die in Fire in Quonset Hut Minneapolis Three chil dren burned to death in a city owned quonset hut while their mothers were busy next door mak ing cookies for a Valentine party Monday The dead were Wayne 4 and Thomas Robinson 3 children of Mr and Mrs Arthur Robinson and Danith Magneson 5 daughter of Mr and Mrs Arthur Magneson occupants of an adjacent hut Thp 3 children were playing in the Robinson quarters Sunday while their mothers baked Valen tine cookies in the Magnusson hut apartment next door Firemen said a hole in the floor indicated the children might have been playing with something that caused the fire Gillette May Join South on Filibuster Washington cratic senators from Two demo outside the of Wyoming and Gil lette of Monday they might line up with southern dem ocrats against a proposed anti filibuster rule Both said in separate interviews that they are opposed to filibusters as such but they wonder if the pro posed cure is not as bad or worse than the illness The senate rules committee last week approved an amendment to senate rules by a 10 to 3 margin which would allow two thirds of senators voting to cut off debate on any matter Gillette who voted to send the rule on to the senate with the right to oppose it there said there is a much clanger to our democratic processes in forcing an early or speedy vote as in delaying one Kruse Presides in House Session DCS Moines Gus T Kuester RGriswold was ab sent from the house Monday be cause of a severe cold Speaker Protein William Kruse RCharles City was in the chair presiding over the soldier bonus financing debate Pope Pius in Address to Cardinals Claims Trial of Primate Was Not Reported Fairly Rome Pius XII in a somber address before the College of Cardinals voiced his bitter grief Monday over the trial and condemnation of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty The pontiffs speech phrased in sorrow rather than anger was made before a secret and extra ordinary consistory of the sacred college on the case of the Hun garian primate now under life sentence The Holy Father clad in his consistorial robes of white wool told the 16 assembled princes of the church what when a civil gov ernment contradicts divine and human rights bishops and the faithful themselves are bound by their conscience to resist unjust laws Serious Outrage The imprisonment of Cardinal Mindszenty he said was a most serious outrage which inflicts a deep wound not only on your dis tinguished college and on the church but also on every up holder of the dignity and liberty of man The pontiff declared the prim ates trial had not been fairly re ported The pope said Outsiders Barred People outside Hungary who asked permission to be present at the trial were refused permission if they seemed likely to judge im partially or give a sincere report this led them to believe and all upright and honest men as well that those who were conducting the trial in Budapest seemed to be afraid to allow all to see what was taking place The principal object of the trial he said was to disrupt the Catholic church in Hungary The pope declared Mindszentys physical condition during the trial was inexplicable except as the result of secret influences which may not be publicly revealed to prove this there is the fact that a man endowed with the full vigor of a forceful nature suddenly ap pears weak ana mentally unbal anced W Accept Beardsley Plan on Vet Bonus Says Reds Fail to Defeat ERP Presidents Report on EGA Goes to Congress Washington UR Communist efforts to defeat the European re covery program although well backed with talent and money are failing President Truman told congress Monday in an optimistic report A report of recovery operations of the economic cooperation ad ministration for the 2nd quarter ending Sept 30 1948 The communist propaganda drive is powerful constant and wellbacked with talent and money There are signs however that the antirecovery efforts of the communists including their propaganda campaign have not come up to expectations As the report reached the house and senate committees of both were considering legislation to au thorize the recovery agencv 580000000 for operations during the 5month period ending June 30 1950 The presidents report said that western Europe must earn its own way but not at the cost of disease and unrest among its citizens NARROW ESCAPE Mich Governor G Mennen Williams his wife Nancy and 7 other persons had a narrow escape Sunday night when their C47 national guard plane skidded into a row of parked planes as it landed here Hoover Group Recommends Government Housekeeper Washington Hoover commission Monday proposed that the government be given a house keeper It recommended to congress that an office of general services be created This would be one way the commission said to stream line and make the executive branch more efficient Supply records management and the operation of public build ings would be centered in this new office Lack of Direction These 3 activities now suffer from a lack of central direction the commission headed by former President Herbert Hoover said in the 3rd of 15 reports it will make to congress before March 13 These activities it added are earned on in several places within the executive branch with varying degrees of adequacy unless they are adequately managed the executive branch cannot be effec tively managed Emphasizing that the function of supply alone is big business the commission said it is estimated that the government will spend more than on pur chases during fiscal 1949 Civilian supply purchases alone total 000000 a year despite goods in storage throughout the country with an estimated value of 000000000 Supply Office Out The commission said that by centering policymaking and co ordination of supply activities in the proposed office the treasury departments bureau of federal supply could be abolished That bureau a commission re port said is inefficient expensive and generally unsatisfactory Agencies located in Washington have to get their supplies through this bureau but the use of its field facilities is voluntary The proposed new housekeeping bureau would assign responsibility for the purchase and storage of commodities to the agency best suited to buy them for all AP Wircplioto HITLERS REICH CHANCELLORY Smoke rolls up from the debris as the old reich chancellory in Berlin is demolished as a safety measure The explosion brought down the walls of the front facade Including the balcony where Hitler made many of his worldshaking an nouncements When the wall fell in the demolition there were 32 Berliners standing silently in the Wilhelmplatz where 10000 ardent nazis once stood returning Hitlers outstretched arm salute Blizzards in North Dakota Stall Disaster Relief Crews By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The miserydealing great plains blizzards had opened a broad new front in North Dakota Monday with the worst 24 hours of wenth er the west has in 2 weeks Six North Dakota counties were added to the disaster area as a re sult of weekend storms which stalled relief and rescue operations in some parts of Nebraska and re duced them by 50 per cent in others A minor tornado damaged a few buildings at Edna in south eastern Kansas and at Alvarado Texas strong winds lifted some residences from foundations and scattered them over a wide area There were no fatalities at either place but damage at Alvarado was estimated at California Hit In southern California temper atures sank deep into subfreezing levels again necessitating more orchard heating Minimum read ings of 24 degrees were expected Monday in some sections of the citrus fruit region The 500 passengers on 3 trains stalled for several days at Raw lins and Hanna Wyo were res cued and taken to Cheyenne in buses The new North Dakota emer gency area embraces 6 southwest ern counties Additional snow lighting equipment vas moved into the 7500 square mile area Monday from other sections where the need for it was less acute The Red Cross has begun a survey of urgent need with the use of 6 ski planes Farmers and ranchers were reported in need of food and fuel Open Headquarters Major Gen Lewis A Pick sent a staff of officers to open head quarters for the rescue work at Fort Lincoln in Bismarck and or dered 24hour duty at the post General Pick said that the storm in some parts of Nebraska was the worst in the relentless series since Feb 2 At Neligh and Alliance work of removing the snow was virtually halted during the worst of the Saturday storm and at Val entine about 80 per cent of the equipment had to be withdrawn from operations High Court Upholds Meyers Conviction Washington supreme court Monday upheld the convic tion of former Maj Gen Bennett E Meyers on charges of inducing a wartime business associate to lie to a senate subcommittee The tribunal refused to hear Meyers appeal from a U S cir cuit of appeals decision last No vember affirming his conviction 2 to 1 Meyers is serving a 20 month to 5year sentence imposed last March 15 after his conviction in U S district court here Bail has been denied by 3 courts including the supreme court DIES OF INJURIES Council Bluffs R Nivers 52 of Woonsocket S Dak died at a hospital here Sunday of injuries suffered last Monday in a 2car collision east of Mon damin Elmer Jensen Merrill driver of one of the cars died last Wednesday Seven persons were injured in the crash Big Snow Seen for Northeast Central Iowa Des Monies snow was still building up in Iowa Monday after a weekend storm and the weather bureau predicted that more snow ranging up to 10 inches in the central and northeast be on the ground by morning It was snowing heavily at some points in western and central Iowa Monday morning while eastern Iowa points reported sleet and freezing drizzle The weather bureau forecast from 4 to 6 inches of new snow over most of eastern and southern Iowa Monday and Monday night Freezing rain was expected to pre cede the snowfall in the east Temperatures were not expected to be severe A low of 14 to 20 above zero was forecast for Mon day night The state low Sunday night was 8 below zero at Spencer House Gives Approval By 6638 Vote Attempt to Be Made to Get Senate to Reverse Its Decision Des Moines Beardsley foices in the house easily stood off 3 attacks Monday and ap proved 6638 the governors plan of financing the veterans bonus The losing side sought house ap proval on another plan approved by vote of 26 to 23 in the senate last week The house approved measure now goes to the senate where an attempt will be made to get the senate to reverse itself If the senate refuses the matter will have to go to a joint commit tee of the 2 houses for an attempt to reach a compromise The argument is over how the state shall finance the bonus ap proved by the voters last Novem ber Still Get Bonus Regardless of how the contro versy is settled the veterans still will get their bonus The real issue decided Monday was whether to accept the plan approved by the senate or that ad vanced by Gov William S Beard sley Although the house took addi tional time on final passage of the measure the result was shown by the 6638 vote The final vote was 69 to 32 Earlier the house had defeated a brand new bonus financing plant It was offered by Rep W C Hendrix RLetts as an alterna tive to proposals by Gov William S Beardsley and another by a legislators headed by Senator George Faul RDes Further Argument The house then proceeded with further argument on 2 other plans under consideration including one by Gov William S Beardsley The other plans were as follows The Beardsley 250000 in bonds and immediately buy back of the bonds from the approximately 100000 000 state treasury surplus Addi tional bonds for would be withheld from sale until and if needed This would account for the full bonus approved by the voters last November The plan of a group of legisla in bonds and have the state buy them back immediately Hold the remaining in bonds for sale only if needed This plan was approved by the senate in a 2623 vote last week Will Divide Query Time in Labor Hearing Washington labor law struggle in congress enters a new phase Monday There are signs that the struggle will last until May and possibly June This means the TaftHartJley act will likely stay on the books in its present its closed shop ban 80day emergency strike injunctions and all the yond the annual springtime ex piration date of hundreds of labor management contracts Among these are the steel industry con tracts Mondays new phase is the 2nd installment of hearings before the senate labor committee The orig inal plan was to end them last Thursday From now until Feb 23 the committee will hear more than 30 industry and labor witnesses who will defend and attack TaftHart ley provisions These will be stopwatch unusual procedure By agreement the democrat and republican sides will divide the questioning time equally Up to now the 5 republican members have questioned the witnesses much more extensively than the 8 democrats SAME DATE 1948 40 Black mttni trifflo 24 piwl Attacks AMA Health Plan Washington American Medical substitute lor President Trumans health in surance program was assailed by Rep Dingell DMich Monday as a plan to perpetuate pauperism of the sick and helpless I consider the AMA proposal a cheap imitation of the real thing he told reporters Dingell is one of the authors of administration health legislation The AMA announced organized medicines alternative plan in Chi cago Sunday night proposing ex pansion of voluntary hospital and medical care plans instead of fed eral health insurance Some lead ers in the medical profession have attacked the Truman administra tion plan as socialized medicine Dingell said he thinks Mr Tru mans program has an excellent chance of passage in congress Some others were not so sure Republicans charted an allout fight on the proposal for universal medical care insurance Senator Taft ROhio proposed instead that the federal government help states finance voluntary health in surance programs The AMA plan would create a n e w federal department of health headed by a doctor of medicine with cabinet rank While emphasizing the expansion of vol untary hospital and medical care plans the AMA would establish in each state a medical care author ity to receive and administer funds with proper representation of medical and consumer interest Alfred Hof 62 Dies at Fort Dodge Hospital Hof 62 died Sunday in a Fort Dodge hospital after a long illness and following an operation Funeral services have not yet been arranged pend ing word froma brother and sis ter Irvin Hof and Mrs Dick Rosa both of Humboldt The Hof and Ross couples are touring in Texas ;