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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 14, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTOSY AhO A3CHIVC8 ffta WOINCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IQWANS NEIGHBORS YOU LI Press and United Press Full Leased Wins Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 14 1945 This Consists of Two NO no INSIDE WASHINGTON Stalin in Drivers Seat at Conference By HELEN ESSARX Central Press Columnist Washington Cynics are not especially agreeable to meet They have seen too much They would not let you believe in anything or anybody For example the cynic I met Tuesday inquired Dont you think its pretty pantomime this meeting of Sta 1 i n Churchill and Roosevelt You Asiatic con queror Stalin being polite to the other two He has little idea of paying JOSEF STALIN any attention to the wishes of the European and the American He has already made plans for his own control of Germany and the rest of middle and southern Europe Theres no NEW BREAKTHROUGH IN SILESIA Crush Counterattacks to Advance on Goch Stnke PUSH THROUGH MAIN BELT SIEGFRIED LINE London than 2250 I U S bombers and fighters struck Germany in widespread attacks Tuesday delivering a main blow 1 at Dresden which was already burning from a night assault by I 800 heavy RAF bombers Dresden is only 6B miles or less I from advancing Russian troops I and is a nerve center of nazi de Faris P With massed gunslfenses in central Germany The Yanks Prepare Attacks as Floodwaters of Roer Recede uncertainty in his war aims But and under clouds of planes Canaday and night air blows were in he is going to give the other boys dian first army troops crushed 6 direct and coordinated support of the fun of appearing to be importformidable counterattacks WednesMarshal Ivan Konevs first Ukral ant j day and were advancing Wednes1 nian army May be May be I replied day night beyond the breached The RAF bombld Dresden But I do hope Mr Roosevelt Siegfried line at the top of the twice jn 3 hours apart speaks up and says Marshal Stalin dont forget you couldnt have done this without my tanks and my gunpowder So dont get too high minded Regardless of the cynics re western front One column was within a mile and a half of heavily fortified dared Announcing the night opera tions the British air ministry de marks about Stalin I rejoice that it is the Russians who are getting to I refuse to be worried by the thought of the ad vantage this success will give the soviet at the peace table and in the postwar world Surely the most vital job of the moment is to defeat the nazis If the Russians bear the brunt of the fighting at the siege of Berlin this will mean that they and not the Americans risk the greater loss of men Casualty lists from the bulge now crowd the pages of the daily papers If we can avoid further casualties by any honorable means dont let us deny the Russians the credit they are paying for it such slaughter And heres another thought If it is the Russians and not the Americans who adopt that new brutality of take no it will be the soviet and not thj United States that inherits most of the postwar resentment of the defeated nazis Goch Another major road center Calcar was approached by troops who neared Moyland 3 miles northwestward Goch was out As the center of a railway net work and a great industrial town it Dresden has become of the greatest value for conducting any flanked by the capture of Beflburg defense the Germans may organ and Hasselt east of Kleve Moy land is 18 miles from the Ruhr valley railroad of Wesel ize against Marshal Konevs arm ies Altogether the RAF dispatched The beaten and sorely wounded 1400 aircraft to Germany during German infantry tankers and the night Other targets were a parachute troops apparently were synthetic oil plant at Bohlen falling back into prepared posisouth of Leipzig objectives at tions between the Rhine and the Magdeburg 75 miles southwest of Meuse in a desperate effort to stem Berlin and the railroad towns of the allied flanking threat to the Nuernberg Bonn and Dortmund Ruhr They were lashed by the All the night operations were at a mightiest air offensive yet visited cost of 16 bombers missing Soon after breakfast Wednesday FDR MAY GIVE DIRECT REPORT TO CONGRESS Byrnes Says President Acted as Chairman of Big Three Meeting Washington resident1 Roosevelt may report directly to congress and the nation on the accomplishments and far reach ing significance of his meeting with Premier Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill He is reported to be greatly cheered by the agreements reached on both military and political issues Associates consid er it likely that he will want to tell the American people him self when he gets home how these agreements can shorten the war and contribute to an Atlantic charter peace First hand information on the historic big 3 gathering in the Crimea came meanwhile from James F Byrnes war mobiliza tion director who arrived Tues day from the Crimea and met newsmen in late afternoon Byrnes said he hoped that Mr Roosevelt would make a radio Line POLAND SUBJECT OF BIG THREE DISCUSSIONS shows where armies on 3 fronts broken lines are pressing against Germany subject of Big Three discus sions at Yalta Curzon line dotted is recommended with slight digressions as Po lands eastern border by the Big Three upon the foe in the 6 day offen sive morning the German radio began East of Kleve and the captured interrupting its Mograms every Reichswald the Canadian array His Holiness Pope Fins XH is receiving many foreign visitors In deed he is eager to meet travelers for it is from them that he learns what the world outside the Vatican O Richardson who directs navy relief recently had an interesting talk with the pope and found him a delightful per son Admiral Richardson was pre sented by the United States emis sary to the Vatican Myron C Tay lor much as any caller is pre sented to any executive His holiness was seated behind a big desk in a room like a busi ness office He spoke in charming English without the aid of an in terpreter and asked the sort of in telligent questions about the Unit ed States only a wellinformed man would know how to ask was through the main Siegfried belt of that portion of the Sieg fried line west of the Rhine Once they 7 negotiate the watery wastes between Kleve and the Rhine cross the Niers in farce and cap ture Goch be in a posi tion to roll w German defenses by sweeping southward between the Rhine and the Meuse The American 3rd army in the center of the western front ad vanced up to a half mile through new gashes torn through the Sieg fried line southwest of Pruem The Roer river receded 4 inches from floods loosedbybreaches in the headwater dam gates bring ing closer the time when the American 1st and 9th and the British 2nd army could shake off their enforced idleness The river was reported within its banks along 60 per cent of its course Waters still were high and wide on the 9th army sector some miles south of the attacking Cana dians Other fronts were quiet Gen Eisenhower had committed only a small fraction of his strength to the offensive Clearing weather over the en tire front tended to slow ground operations with increased thaws fcw to warn listeners to W Xv If I Were Showing a Foreigner American democracy at work Id take him to see the house ol rep resentatives just before a vote on some issue like the national selec tive service act Then the stranger from abroad who must necessarily have his doubts about the exist ence of democracy anywhere would have to recognize the fire the independence the fair play the shrewdness the vitality and the freedom of speech that is the take cover from approaching planes At U S army air forces announced officially its bombers were over Germany The British blowagainst Dres den Germanys 7th city was the first made there A striking feature was the lack of antiaircraft fire Dresden is 90 miles south of Berlin and is overflowing with refugees fleeing ahead of the Rus sians Some German government offices also are said to have been shifted there Together American and British tactical forces on the continent Tuesday flew more than 2100 sorties against battle area targets and nazi supply lines The pilots reported meeting the stiffest anti aircraft opposition to these battle line attacks since the German Ar dennes offensive was checked Their combined claims for the day included 109 locomotives 307 railcars and 278 motor vehicles wrecked and 48 rail cuts The U S 9th air force which lost 11 aircraft claimed 2 nazis shot down and 3 more damaged broadcast or address congress He disclosed that the president had acted as chairman of the meeting and proposed 2 of the agreements those on liberated areas and the Dumbarton Oaks voting issue which were an nounced in Tuesdays communi American democracy There are 423 men and nine women in the house Most of them came out for the selective service battle Looking down on these representative citizens of this strong nation I felt proud Cer tainly I didnt mutter thatwhine of those who neither can nor will hold office Congress is made up ofa lot of fourthrate politicians I rejoiced in the scrapping the arguing the yells No No Aye The uproar was the voice of America Walt Whit man would have written a poem about it Yaiik Planes Strike Southern Formosa in Daylight Raids Nearly 100 American planes raided southern Formosa in day light Monday and Tuesday a Japanese Domei broadcast record ed by the FCC said Wednesday Sixty Liberator and Mitchell bombers presumably from the Philippines bombed and strafed military installations communica tions and villages in the Takao and Tainan sectors Tuesday Domei said Damage was said to be extremely slight Thirtyfive fighters flying In 2 hit the same areas and the east coast Monday Domei said Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from ybnr GlobeGazette carrier hoy and flooding but it permitted great allied air fleets to flay the foe Nearly 4500 bombers and fighters pummeled the Germans in the 24 hours ended at dawn Canadian Highlanders occupied Kellen 2 miles northeast of the ruins of Kleve and Ontario Highlanders cleared Grlethausen 300 miles west of Berlin and close to the Rhine Scots from Ontario raiding halfway from Kellen to the Emmerich Ferry encountered stiff opposition German flooding north of Kleve increased the campaign was aquatic in that re gion the tanks clanked in the mud toward Goch The Germans Tuesday still were near enough Kleve at points to shell it heavily South and southeast of the cleared Reichswald the Germans pulled back to the line of the Niers river which already has been crossed and bridged by the allies East of Kleve Germans of parachute divisions were thrown back on their heels and the sting was taken from their counterat tacks AP Correspondent Roger D Greene reported The total of prisoners in the 6 day Canadian offensive rose to 5 Baby Girl Killed by Pet Bulldog que The Dumbarton Oaks decision like many others arrived at re mains temporarily secret but it cleared the way for the April 35 united nations conf San Francisco That date Byrnes in dicated may reflect Important estimates of future military de velopments by the big 3 He expressed conviction that it had nothing to do with Russias plans for possibly entering the war against Japan He described it as probably the earliest date at which the leaders thought the conference could be called in view of the military situation If there is any hopethat the major battles for Germany may be finished by that time however Byrnes did not indicate it In fact he said that the military plans made in the Crimea call for a war involving more men than ever before in this conflict The military he added do not minimize the possibility of civilian collapse in Germany but they are counting only on fighting to the bitter end with greater cooperation than has ever before existed Byrnes emphasized over agaih that the declaration Yanks Lose Hope of Early End to Manila Fighting as Jap Resistance Stiffens Manila for a relatively rapid cleanup in Manilas south Pasig district where fierce fighting has been raging for days began to fade Wednesday because of the stubborn resistance of Japanese over and 300 The village of Hasselt 3 miles east of Kieves and 4 northwest of Calcar was taken in a mile ad vance Troops which captured Bedburg advanced more than a mile beyond it on the road to Udem The Germans blew more dykes on the Rhine north of Kleve sending fresh torrents into the Hooded region Allied engineers countered by dynamiting other dykes which swamped the enemy Scottish troops bridged the Niers near Zelderscheheide just west of Germanheld Kessel on the approaches to Goch Street fighting erupted in nearby Vil lers The Scots beat down a tank supported counterattack near the border in the Gennep area Los Angeles IP A frantic struggle by a mother and grand father to wrest a 21 month old girl from the grip of a pet bull dog at theirhome Tuesday night was futileand the baby was killed When the child Marguerite Theresa Derdenger attempted to strike the dogs back the animal turned on her and clamped its jaws at the base of her neck Mrs Drucilla Derdenger the girls mother told police Mrs Derden er and the childs grandfather Albert Lange fought for several minutes to loosen the dogs grip but when Marguerite finally was freed it was too late Police said the mother asked that the 5 year old dog named Woof be destroyed The childs father Staff Sgt Charles P Derdenger is stationed at Camp Barkeley Texas MOVE GOVERNMENT London Paris radio quoting German frontier reports said Wednesday the German gov ernment was moving from Berlin to Nuernberg 225 miles south west of Berlin and 90 miles north of Munich Nuerenberg is in Ba varia many miles from the near est allied front but nearer the American than the Russian sec tor on liberated areas in which the United States is committed to share with Britain and Russia in European political settlements i of the greatest importance It means an end he said to the danger of political rivalries be tween the other 2 powers which would lead to development o spheres of influence And in his opinion it minimizes if it does not remove the threat of violence n Europes small na tion where chaos follows in the ivake of war tracted more and more German troops to that imperilled area close to the Ruhr valley The fifth division of the U S third army south of Fruem gained a quarter mile and fought half way through Ernien north of Echlcrnach Other men of that red diamond division advanced a half mile to points nearly a mile north of Ferschweiler The fourth Jby and 80th Blue Ridge divisions repulsed 3 small counterattacks northeast of Pruem and northwest of Echter Thisvin turn should facilitate both the establishment of a united nations security organization and the writing of the peace at another great international conference to follow sometime after the end of hostilities Byrnes indicated the big 3 had agreed there should be a general peace conference He explained the situation this way In Gresce Poland and Yugo1 slavia the American people had seen conditions arising before the Crimea conference which hey be lieved were leading to the estab lishment of British and Russian spheres of influence They felt that they would be compelled to underwrite such arrangements without having had any hand in making them This danger arose from the fact hat the passage of war left many of the small states in political dis order Factional leaders strove for power They sought the support of either Britain or Russia and tried to play those great nations off against each other Sometimes vio lence resulted as in Greece Some timas the united nations were di vided as in Poland The declaration on liberated areas is designed to put an end to ROSENMANTO MEET WITH FDR Leaves for Italy to Join President Paris Rosenman eft by a special plane Wednesday or Italy where it was reliably re ported he would confer with resident Roosevelt Rosenman is a special advisor o the president Roosevelt is expected to call on Pope Pius during his Italian trav els inspect war ruins there and return to various spots he visited in Italy as a young man It is conceivable the president also will come to France where arrangements to receive him have been made not only by the French government but by supreme head quarters It is entirely possible that if he comes to France one of the wars greatest scandals may come out during his visit This involves cer tain instructions which Roosevelt gave regarding civilian relief for France but which were not car ried out by the military The president may also present his views to a group of reporters flown especially from America for the purpose and whom he is likely to see shortly at a certain point in Italy AU arrangements of the presi dents tour are subject to change While there are no indications that he has been ill there is no doubt that the Crimea conference along Taft avenue to ithe college groundnear Harrison I park Thishotlycontested area still a mile from the waterfront The Nipponese were known to be in many parts of the intervening terrain Troops of the 37th infantry di vision captured the Masonic tem ple on Taft avenue Tuesday They did not report how much damage the edifice had sustained Although fighting continued stiff the situation was improving hourly Enemy artillery fire di minished sharply It was directed unsuccessfully against our pon toon bridges across the Pasig TEACHERS MAY HAVE HEARINGS Iowa Senate Passes 2nd School Code Bill Des Moines If Without de bating the measure the senat Wednesday voted 46 to 0 to per mit school teachers to have hear ings if their contracts are not re newed It was the 2nd school code evision measure passed by the enate The only change it makes in xisting law is that it assures the such a hearing by mandatory on the 65 MILE FRONT POINT DIRECTLY FOR DRESDEN Allied Planes Rock Saxony Capital With Continuous Assault London UR Marshal Stalin announced Wednesday night that the red army had scored a nesv breakthrough in Silesia on a 65 mile front aimed squarely at the Saxony capital ol Dresden which was quaking day and night under AngloAmerican aerial assault Marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army overran 6 key communications centers and an chors of the Silesian defenses in a westward sweep on an arc stretch ing from points 100 miles southeast of Berlin to 31 miles southwest of Breslau The new victories erected a for tidable red army barrier west of reslau and apparently sealed the oom the bypassed and bc ieged Silesian capital The new drive carried strong oviet forces to the Dober be ond which the nazis said the sov et vanguard had smashed to po itions on the Queis river 70 miles rom Dresden Dresden itself was hit by nearly 1000 American and British bomb ers Tuesday night and Wednesday n the first big joint operation supporting the red army offensive Stalin in a special order of the day announced that Konevs army had captured Freystadt Neustadtel Jaucr Neusalz Strci gau Sprottau and Goldberg It was the first time in the war that the elements all 3 of the major allies had been coordinated in a blow at Germany Whether the AngloAmericqn air support for the red army was a fruit of the eacher making Capture of and Nichols Cavite naval base field announced has been a hard strain on Roose velt and some of his aides are worried about his physical con dition No Gas to Take Back Man Police Caught New York detec tives were not sure Wednesday hat rationing is a good thing They were holding a man on sus picion of theft for Knoxviile enn police Then came a tele gram Chief refuses to make applica ion for gas to bring prisoner back Please release him Wednesday by headquarters had given rise to the prospect of a quick cleanup In the city The Japanese were surrounded in a 3 square mile area near the mouth of the Paste The civilian death toll alreadj measure was reported nearing the 1000 place at mark and it was feared that many chamber more would be killed before the The upper last Japanese were wiped out Units of the llth airborne di vision advancing on Manila from the south captured the Nichol airfield Tuesday after more than a week of savage fighting am then pushed on along the shores o Manila Bay to take the Cavit naval base At Cavite which was burnei once by the Americans before the abandoned it is in December 1941 and now again by the Japanese IWacArthurs troops captured 1 enemy seaplanes and a battery o threeinch guns intact Armored spearheads of the I S first cavalry division mear while broke through to Manila Bay north of the llth airborne clearing the Pasay district and wheeled north toward the walled city They also mopped up a small Japanese pocket around Nielson airfield near Fort McKinley The 37th infantry division also was moving in on the walled city from the east and southeast in conjunction with the first cavalry oard of education to hold one if t is requested At preesnt it is up o each board to decide whether wants a grant such a request The boards authority not to re iew a contract is not changed After passing that bill the sen ate deferred action on a 3rd school ode bill and turned its attention o other matters The 3rd bill vould increase the minimum wage from to month Sen Robert Keir R Spencer asked the deferment explaining that amendments filed to the bill did not apply to it The Yalta conferences was not known however retains its the top of the senate chamber Tuesday passed 44 to 4 a bill providing for a 7member state board of public instruction which would be appointed by the governor and confirmed by the senate The house has not acted on any school bills INJURED IN FALL Louise Bakken of Kensett met with a painful ac cident while shopping in Mason City when she fell breaking a bone in her wrist She wns con fined to a hospital there for a day before returning to her home where she is recuperating nicely set fires in Dresden easily Tteible 200 miles away The big conflagra tions set a beacon for the red army forces slashing at the Queis river line less than 70 miles to the cast Wednesday allied air forces were over Germany in great strength The nazi radio echoed with warn ing of raiders over Dresden and Zwickau GO miles to the south west while German radio trans missions in the north were sus pended a usual indication of allied air activity The Dresden assault struck the network of rail and highway ar teries and depots upon which the wehrmacht is dependent to supply its front line forces now rapidly falling back upon the Saxony capital The KAF sent out a record breaking total of 1400 heavy bombers over Germany with the bulk of them concentrated in sup port of the red army Marshal Ivan S Konevs forces were pressing against the Queis river third of the 6 water bar riers before Dresden on a 9 mile front less than 70 miles from their goal A few miles to the north ac cording to German advices other red army forces had bypassed both ithe Queis and the Tschirne river barriers by reaching Sorau 8 miles west of Sagan at the con flux of the Queis Tcschirnc and sojau itiim au the Russians were to strike 72 miles The hard attacks of the Cananach The third army caged 461 dian first army in the north at1 prisoners Tuesday these conditions by joining the United States Britain and Russia firmly in an agreement to take only joint action when necessary to restore order and set up govern ments in any of the liberated coun tries The big 3 are pledged too to uphold the independence ant ree choice of their own govern ments by the peoples concerned Whenever it becomes necessary for the big powers to set up a government or restore order they will appoint a Joint commission to handle details This has already been done in the case of Poland the object being to reorganize the present Polish government at Mos cow to include democratic ele ments not now represented By such procedures it is hoped to build an Atlantic charter peace in Europe The implication of what Byrnes said was that the main role of the United States in underwrit ing such settlements for the first time in its history will be to pre MacArthur announced that the Japanese so far have suffered more than 68000 casualties in the fireweek Luzon campaign against 9683 American kill ed 192 missing and 7389 wounded Eightyfive miles northeast ol Manila troops of the sixth arm ored division cut clear across Lu zon to win their second hold on the islands east coast at Baler Another column previously hac reached the cast shore at Din galan bay 30 miles below Baler The Baler airfield was tame abandoned Northeast of the Lingayen beachheads the Japanese at tempted a night raid on Rosarii but were beaten off in short or der DEPOSE BISH6PS Athens Bishops Kozan Jonchim and Elis Athony were de posed Wednesday by the Holy syn od of Greece on charges of activ vent the development of war participation in the EAM move breeding spheres of influence ment Weather Report FORECAST lason City Partly cloudy and mild Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon lowest about 28 Rain changing to snow and colder Thursday afternoon and night with increasing winds owa Partly cloudy and mild Wednesday night and Thursday except becoming much colder with rain changing to snow in northwest and extreme north portions Thursday afternoon Increasing winds Thursday colder Thursday night Minnesota Cold wave Thursday and Thursday night Partly cloudy south and occasiona light snow Wednesday night Much colder with increasing winds northwest portion Wed nesday night Thursday colder and snow in the north portion Fresh winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 39 Minimum Tuesday 21 At 8 a m Wednesday 26 YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 22 Precipitation trace Bober From S in a posi southwest to Dresden with only Z river barriers the Ncisst and the Sprrc to hurdle On the Berlin front first White Russian army forces have estab lished a major bridgehead across the Oder at Reitwein 35 miles cast of the capital and 5 miles southwest of Kuestrin nazi broadcasts said The Germans also said street ghting was raging in Lcbus on he west bank of the Oder 33 miles cast of Berlin and 5 miles orth of Frankfurt These forces resumably had cut the Kuestrin Trankfurt railway at Lebus and verc within a halt mile of the west ank railway between the 2 cities Northeast of Berlin Russian orces advanced to within 5 miles f the DanzigStettinBerlin rail vay The second and third Ukrainian armies meantime regrouped in lungary under 73 generals for re umption of offensives aimed at Vienna Bratislava and Bohemia after completing the liberation of encircled Budapest Budapest ruined capital of Hungary finally fell Wednesday to the 2 armies following a 50 day siege in which 49000 enemy troops were killed and 110000 cap tured The nazi commander Cot Gen PfcfferWildenburch and his staff were captured in their head quarters in an underground sewer Budapest was the 8th European capital to be liberated by the red army How many of its prewar population of 1116000 remained in the city was not disclosed im mediately Konevs first army drove to ;