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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1963, Mason City, Iowa DeGaulle and Russia See story on page 3 HOME EDITION No clues uncovered in fatal crash of jetliner Hermitical Hughes on the spot May be forced into court By RICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTON A man who has virtually been in hid ing for the last six years soon may make a public appearance court He is Howard Ro bard Hughes the guiding gen ius of a billion dollar industrial empire and a recluse who by comparison makes J Paul Getty appear a gladhander At stake is million in claims and counterclaims The first suit a million anti trust action was filed by Trans World Airlines on June 30 1961 The Hughes Tool Co the engine of the Hughes financial machine early in 1962 replied with a counter suit asking million in damages from lending institutions in volved in providing mil lion for TWA in 1960 The money was to finance jet planes for TWA a project too gigantic for even the Hughes empire to manage from within The lenders in sisted that the 78 per cent of TWA stock owned by Hughes Tool be placed in a voting trust The lenders now charge Hughes with damaging the air line by eccentric management Hughes charges the lenders with violation the Federal Aviation Act and conspiracy to perpetuate their control through the voting trust Of all the ironies which sur round Howard Hughes and which he seems almost to in vite the chief is that his great wealth should be jeop ardized by the one activity to which he has been completely faithful for all his adult life aviation He describes himself as manufacturer aviator mo tion picture producer but he hasnt produced a picture in and he is at best an absentee manufacturer As teen ager Hughes learned to fly a Waco biplane Too intent on flying and en gineering to finish college though he attended Rice and Cal Tech Hughes before he was 30 established the worlds land plane speed record in a ship of his own design He went on to cop the transatlantic flight record and the world flight record Congress voted the tall Texan a special medal but he was too busy to go to Wash ington for it President Tru man sent it by mail years later Hughes also won thc Harmon trophy Colier Trophy and Octave Chanutc award As a designer Hughes has turned out everything from the first twinfuselage fighter to a special brassiere for Jane Russell the bosomy star oi his tasteless film The Outlaw His most famous conception was the Constellation built by Lockheed and still in service in its variations throughout the world It is a legend that every plane flying today of whatever type owes something to famed Hl mono plane Hughess greatest failure was his World War II 200ton 700 passenger plywood plane nick named but not by him the Spruce Goose The government poured million into the largest plane ever built Hughes another million I have put the sweat of my life into this thing Hughe told a Senate investigating committee back in the late 40s My reputation i wrapped up in it I say that if it fails I will leave this country I mean it He does Only last month i wss disclosed that hes stil paying the government a month for the privilege of fly ing and testing the plane A man like that isnt likclj to take much guff from bunch of eastern bankers 4 DIE IN FIRE NEWARK UPI A three alarm fire flashed through an apartment house from base ment to roof Wednesday killin four pergons and injuring 1 others The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEG VOL 103 MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 13 10c a copy No 4 WRECKAGE IN THE EVERGLADES The crum pled wreckage of the Northwest Orient Airlines jet plane that crashed in the Florida Everglades taking Photofax 43 lives is checked by rescue workers who arrived at the scene in helicopters and swamp buggies There were no survivors On the inside EditorialsPage 4 North Iowa News 13 Society News 161718 Sports 1920 Clear Lake News 2223 Comics 24 Latest Markets 30 Mason City News 3031 GRAHAM RECUPERATES DALLAS UPI Evangelist Billy Graham is over the worst phase of his recent bout with meumonia and needs about two weeks rest doctors said Tues day Graham and his wife have decided Hawaii would be a good lace for Graham to recuperate rom the pneumonia iprove pub tax on pro DES MOINES bill call ing for publication of the tax eval uation of property every four years passed the Iowa Senate 38 10 Wednesday The approval came after almost two hours of debate during which opponents contended the measure would be expensive and would fail News in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES To cut force in Europe WASHINGTON The U S plans to bring home about 40000 of the 400000 American military men in Europe over the next year Both rear area troops and one or more combat units are involved in the planned cutback which partly is designed to re duce the dollar outflow and improve the U S bal ance of payments Marines finish hikes CAMP LE JEUNE N C Fourteen marine of ficers including a brigadier general completed 50 mile physical fitness hikes The Marines part of a group of 34 started crossing the finish line at this big Marine base late Tuesday but most of them grabbed some sleep along the way and completed their hikes Wednesday Seek neutralist support United States and Britain went after neutralist backing for their drive to pressure Russia into negotiating a nuclear test ban treaty Western officials concluded from the opening Soviet statement that the Russians are intent upon using the conference as a propaganda forum and may try to avoid direct bargaining on a test ban New regulations on drugs WASHINGTON Starting April 1 drug manu facturers will be subject to new government regula tions designed to give additional protection to the public The Food and Drug Administration said they stem in part from last years thalidornide scare Laughing at Iowa DES MOINES Gov Harold Hughes said he received a call from a South Sioux City Neb enter tainer who told him its true that out of state money was being sent into Iowa to help finance a campaign to kill liquorbytheglass legislation She said they are laughing up their sleeves over there Hughes added to achieve its aim of equalizing property assessments The bill proposed by Sen Rob ert R Rigler RNew Hampton is designed to enable a property owner to compare the assessment on his property with that of other property in his county and point ut any possible inequities he information is available at ounty courthouses but Rigler aid it is difficult for the ordinary axpayer to find enough informa ion to make a careful compari on He said a published list enable the property owner o study the information at lei ure juut dssLaaui ui iniu an omsici if the owner of each parcel lo make thc vaiuaUons estate and a brief description if the property and the amount of its assessment The bill calls for a tax of 50 icnts levied each four years to pay publication costs Up to 40 cents would go to the newspaper publishing the list and the re mainder would go to the asses Find 43 bodies in swamp Plane bound to Chicago MIAMI Fla iff Bits tnd pieces of a jet airliner lung over a twomile area vhen it crashed carrying 43 persons to their deaths n the Florida Everglades vere studied Wednesday sy federal investigators leeking a cause for the tragedy Rescue teams joined the inves igators in the search for bodies and a reason why the Northwest Orient Airlines jet plummeted out of the sky Tuesday only minutes after leaving Miami for Chicago Seattle Wash and Portland Ore Helicopters shuttled between he site 14 miles from the near est highway carrying the bodies to a school converted into a tem Krary morgue From the air bodies could be seen sprawled around the wreckage with yellow markers placed by each Many bodies seemed intact The Boeing jet was broken into jits The largest section was a portion of the fuselage some 200 yards from the nose section which was a mass of metal Pieces of wing less than a third of the en ire length lay about 400 yards Tom the main wreckage Seminole Indian children were given a holiday as their school house 50 miles west of Miami at a place called Miccosukee be came a temporary morgue The school also served as a CAB com Photofax TOP DOG Ch Wakefields Black plain Dan ny to his his paws atop best of show trophy after capturing it in the annual Westminster Kennel Club show in New Yorks Madison Square Garden The first English springer spaniel to take the top Westminster prize in the World Series of dogdom Dan ny is owned by Mrs W J S Borrie Gwynedd Valley Pa munications base The tworoom school stands on white frame concrete stilts because it borders on swampland Park rangers Florida Highway patrolmen and the FBI guarded the crash site area at the edge of the Everglades National Park The wreckage was 14 miles south of the operations base across a swamp choked with thick undergrowth that only swamp bug gies and weasel penetrate vehicles could sors office for the additiona work involved An amendment to the bill woul require publication by May 10 aft er the regular fouryear reevalu ation so that property owner could take any complaints to th board of review which meet May 131 every four years Opponents of the bill includ ing Democratic Sens George OMalley Des M o i n e s and Andrew FrommeU D u b uque said the proposal has merit but it was the wrong ap proach OMalley said if you want to correct inequalities get rid of i i i tunecu mequaiiLiLS gut ria 01 The list would include the name your assessor or hire an outside The flight recorder box a com pact set of instruments that might provide a clue to the crash was taken from the wreckage and flown by Coast Guard helicopter to the operations base The recorder a steel cylinder designed to withstand extreme pressure and heat records on me tallic tape an aircrafts direc tion air speed altitude and ac celeration The craft lost radio contact with Miami International Airport traffic control seven minutes aft er it took off in a rain squall at pm Six and onehalf hours elapsed before the fireswept wreck sighted 43 miles Frommelt charged ttie bill would lead to utter confusion and chaos and merely em barrass individual taxpayers Rigler defended the bill by pointing out that property taxes are the biggest burden tax payers face and if Iowa ever hopes to get a fair school aid program in operation equalized assessments are necessary In years other than the quad rennial publication year only ad ditions or changes in an increase of more than value would have to be published Nehrus softness is fading Cant trust the Chinese EDITORS NOTE Henry Hook former Mason Cityan and now publisher of the Morn ing Democrat Davenport is on a worldwide study with other newspaper executives By HENRY HOOK FROM NEW DELHI ndia Youd never guess by the easy manner in which Prime Minister Nehru of India faced me in a 40minute interview that hes sitting on one of the worlds hottest powder kegs The plain 73yearold man of short stature looked somewhat out of place in his imposing highceilinged office as he an swered questions put to him by the 12 members of our Ameri can Newspaper Study Mission He could turn on an occasional smile but the seriousness of the ChinaIndia border conflict s marked in his expression that China allegedly has the bomb the Pundit is for king his peaceful ways and is ilerting his countrymen to a war footing The soft spoken voice of 145000000 Indians has always Carried a soft stick but his deals of nonviolence through he years in concert with tfahatma Ghandi are fading He warns that India must be prepared to face any eventuali ty because the Chinese can no longer be trusted When we brought up his pre vious policy of n e u t r a lity Nehru was quick to say it was nonalign m e n t rather than being neutral It mean t he said India was not join ing with mili tary blocs Our b a c k ground is nonaggressive and we didnt want to be auto matically drawn into wars with military alliances We felt we could serve the cause of world peace better by being nonaligned You took the same position in the early days of the USA to stay out of the troubles in Europe The prime minister stressed that this nonalignment policy had been useful to India and other countries inasmuch as India had frequently been called had spent the night at a Spencer on to chair commissions in hotel settling world disputes under He said some sort of engine trouble apparently devel oped shortly after takeoff The fourplace Beechcraft Bon anza ripped through a grove ofi trees and slid across a road lead ing to the Clay County Fair grounds Then it struck an em bankment and caught fire The plane crashed about fourths of a mile from the end of the airport runway The bodies of the three men were badly burned The creamery which Gillet man aged since 1947 was one of the Spencer crackup kills 3 SPENCER AP Three busi nessmen were killed Wednesdaj in the crash of a private airplane shortly after takeoff from the Spencer Airport They were Glen Gillet 52 man ager of the Farmers Coop Cream ery of Corning Ray Nation gen eral manager of the Ranco Ferti Service of Sioux Rapids and Les Payant of Athena Ore The three men were believed en a business trip for the fertilizer company Sheriff Thoral AH said the plane owned by Gillet took of at am after the three men HOOK factures butter powdered butter milk and powdered skim milk Gillet is survived by his widow and three children the day Glades they saw a fire southwest of Miami in a search largest in western Iowa It manu that covered the Southeast It was not determined what knocked the plane out of the sky only minutes after it flew into squally weather that lashed Flor ida throughout fishermen said ball in the sky There was no indication that the plane attempted to make an emergency landing The only tracks around the scene were those of helicopters and Army weasels Tight security measures were enforced SAME North Iowa Mostly cloudy with snow flurries windy and cold through Thursday Lows Wed nesday night zero to 5 above Highs Thursday 1015 Iowa Snow flurries windy and quite cold through Thursday Lows Wednesday night near zero extreme north to near 10 south Highs Thursday 515 Further cloudy with little temperature change Friday Minnesota Clearing colder Highs Thursday zero to 15 above GlobeGazette weather data up to S a Wednesday Maximum 20 Minimum i Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 29 Nab bomber FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES man de manding that President Ken nedy and his Cabinet be im peached drove his car onto thc steps of the Justice De partment and Jay beneath it for nearly two hours before police forced a surrender by firing tear gas shells at him The man identifying him self as Nathan Wiskowsky told police he had a bomb wired to thc automobile and would not movo until he could talk to FBI director J Edgar Hoover Thc end of the incident came quickly Two firctrucks pulled up near the Justice De partment building and fire men with hoses stood by Sud denly a clump of bushes near the entrance there a puff of white smoke the first of several tear shells plopped near the was and gas car At this point a group of po licemen dashed toward the automobile firing tear gas Wiskowsky slowly started to crawl out and was seized He was dragged struggling to a patrol wagon Police said later there was no bomb in the car only a suitcase wired with ordinary baling wire and containing newspapers and a flashlight But deputy police chief George R Wallrodt said that when thc tear gas was fired no one knew whether or not this was the case He said he would die right there if we laid a hand on him Wallrodt said Police then took a calculated risk to fire thc tear gas Police first spotted the car a 1956 Oldsmobile with Ari zona license plates as it swerved sharply from Penn sylvania Avenue onto the side walk It narrowly missed some pedestrians and then mounted the three steps leading up to the main entrance of thc de partment The rear wheels rested on the sidewalk and the front wheels on the top step Thc building police said the driver quickly got out of the car and crawled underneath By the time they arrived he was holding several wires and some kind of a pack age they said There were several gas cans on thc seat the UN How co u I d a peaceful country like India march in and gobble up little Goa was my next question The independence of India was not complete as long as the French and Portuguese were in Goa Nehru replied The French argued and talked for years and finally pulled out by agree ment But the P o r t u guese took the posi tion that they had papal rites to Goa dating back to the 16th and they wouldnt even discuss the mat ter It wasnt equitable that only the British and the French should give up territory for our independence We couldnt con vince the Portuguese so we finally had to step in and take it Nehru smiled as he referred to some sort of papal au thority which the Portuguese could never prove We had seen the deposed de fense minister Krishna Menon stroll through our hotel a few hours earlier and we asked the Pundit about this man of dubi ous leftish leanings Hes completely out of government Nehru assured us He has a few committee assignments in Parliament but he has no administrative re sponsibility whatsoever And thats all Nehru so called friend of Menon would say on that subject On the pre vious day our ambassador John Galbraith had told us that Krishna Menon was not a dead horse yet that he was down to thc count of eight but that Nehru had not completely turned his back on him Our group had just finished a 10day tour of Pakistan whose people are bitter against Nehru because of his continued hold on Kashmir The Moslems of Pakistan insist that the Moslem ;