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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER BDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10 WANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated Press United Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor India Turns a New Leaf in Her Book other day at New Delhi a new republic was born With a new constitution which contains distinctive features from the organic law of both the United States and Britain the Sovereign Democratic Republic of India dame into being The event took place on what to the people of India is an already historic date It was 20 years to a day after the Hindus under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi declared their firm resolve to at tain their complete independence What the occasion really meant was that the Indians were forsak ing all allegiance to the British crown which began 178 years ago From now on India will be merely a voluntary economic and political member of the British common wealth with no legal obligations to be discharged Pakistan Stays In In the period since Aug 15 1947 when the Hindus were granted their freedom Hindustan has had the status of British do minion Pakistan the Moslem state of India remains a British domin ion The chasm between them has not been narrowed Theyre still miles apart ideologically Theres still no love lost as between the Hindus and the Moslems And therein lies one of the foremost problemsconfronting the new Re public ofIndia In large measure the ceremonial incident to the birth of the new republic was a reenactment of the formalities which accompanied the achievement of independence some years ago The retiring governorgeneral read the proclamation releasing India from allegiance to Britains king and the first president Ra jendra Prasad 64 years old was sworn into office The governors flag was lowered and the presi dents flag hoisted over Govern ment house in New Delhi A FullScale Ceremony There was a new national an by a military band a 31guia salute andan inaugural address in which Gandhi was eul ogized as the true author of the independence ideal in India The address contained professions of a wish to live in terms of friend ship with all other countries Within India said the new president our program is to wipe out disease poverty and ignor uice This last is no small order as the thousands of Americans who served in India during the war will testify That too is the testi mony of the American delegates to an IndianAmerican relations conference held in New Delhi only a few weeks ago 3 From MidWest Among those in attendance were 6 university presidents and among the 6 university presidents were 3 from the middle M Hancher of the University of Iowa D W Malott of the University of Kansas and A H Compton of Washington university in St Louis I was privileged to be on the mailing list for the daily letters written by President Hancher in diarylike Also I spent a most interesting evening with him in his home a brief time after he and Mrs Hancher had returned from their aeronautical odyssey While there was no pretense on the part of Doctor Hancher that he understands or is an authority on the Indian questionhe did have the opportunity to observe at close range some of the prob lems confronting Hindustan as it launches its independent republi can government Born to Wealth Too I am not authorized to quote the Iowa educator I dont propose to try But I can tell you that his month or so of contact with the people of both Hindustan and Pak istan increased rather than les sened his estimate of the problems facing Nehru and his associates in Indias independence program Incidentally the Hanchers met Indias strong man on several occasions were entertained by him and visited the Nehru ances tral home which they observed was cbmparable in its elegance with the Hyde Park ancestral home of Americas Franklin D Roosevelt All who visit India come back with at least one unvarying re port about the Hindus and their attitude toward the United States They under stand why we are so worked up over communism They regard it as a form of hysteria At our end of the line were a bit puzzled by what we regard as an unwar ranted complacency toward com munism among the Indians Hitler Wasnt Fooling In this connection I dont think Doctor Hancher would object if I dipped into one of his letters for these few sentences Americans having learned the hard way that Hitler meant what he said incredible as it seemed at tba time in his blueprint of the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 13 1950 HOME EDITION uuiir Paper Consists of Two One No lOt SNOW COMES TO MASON which played havoc in southern came to Mason City Monday morning to pelt early risers going to work The snowfall startedabout a m with a stiff wind out of the northeast The temperature hovered around 18 degrees i Snow Hits Mason City After Sweeping Southern Counties Snow came to Mason City Monday after it had swept the southern part of the state Sunday leaving 12 inches at Des Moines and from 5 to 8 inches in other cities in southern Iowa The Mason City snow fall began about a m with a northeasterly wind a n about and inch of show had fallen by early afternoon The temperature hovered around 18 degrees Highway travel was hazardous throughout Iowa Monday with Wants Cut in Budget of Billion Washington Wal ter F George DGa called for a cut in President Trumans budget Monday to keep the nations economy on an even keel George chairman of the senate finance committee previously had favored a reduction But after a 2nd look at Mr Trumans spending proposals he said the figure could be doubled He refused to discuss details of his new proposal but he made it clear that he believed a substan tial saying should be made on for eign aid We should give reasonable aid where it can be given effectively George said but primarily we should create a sound economy in If that isnt done the whole World is going to collapse anyhow A sound economy here is our fkst line of defense By upping his proposed budget cut George joined Senator Harry F Byrd DVa in urging a 000000000 ceiling on spending during the 1951 fiscal year Mr Trumans budget calls for 400000000 Chairman Clarence Cannon D Mo of the housesenate budget committee made it clear that noth ing would be done this year to carry out budget provision of the congressional reorganization act The provision requires the com mittee to submit a report by next Wednesday estimating government income and spending for fiscal 1951 and recommending a ceiling on appropriations Congress made faltering attempts to comply in 1947 and 1948 but ignored the provisions last year Fire Levels Farm Home of D P Family H R Dick Wal ter modern 8 room home on Mr Walters farm 8 miles north of Cresco was destroyed by fire Sat urday night The loss is esti mated at between and Neighbors on their way home from Cresco about midnight dis covered the blaze in the roof near the chimney Living with the Walters fam ily was Mr and Mrs Petras Puk naitis their 17 year old son and 15 year old daughter They are a displaced Lithuanian family which arrived in Cresco last De cember in response to application by Mr Walter through the fa cilities of the Lutheran Welfare service Before coming here the fam ily had been living in a British displaced persons camp at Olden burg Germany Mr Puknaitis work for Mr Walter on the farm The 2nd story of the Wal ter home was being converted into an apartment for the Puk naitis family Mr and Mrs Puknaitis and family were recipients Sunday of a miscellaneous shower of gifts from the Immanuel Lutheran church congregation here The event was in the form of a re ception for the displaced family and had been planned previous to Saturday nights fire A picnic dinner was held in the church hall following the morning worship service A so cial time followed the dinner SUFFERS STROKE Des Moines J Gil lespic 56 United States marshal suffered a stroke Saturday as he was working at a new drug store he is building here He was re ported in fairly good condition Sunday fresh snow on top of ice left by freezing rain and sleet Sunday School were closed at Rockford Thornton H u d d Consolidated Meservey K1 e m m e Ackley Greene Swaledale Franklin Con solidated at Latimer Chapin Rock Falls Hansell Lake No 4 Lake No 7 and Sheffield School was open but there was no school bus at Marble Rock Monday morning The school at Plymouth also was open The highway commission re ported all highways open around Mason City Some old ice was reported on the highway between Mason City and Rudd and on high way 106 between Mason City and Clear Lake Little snow was reported north of Mason City About 3 inches of snow fell in Chickasaw county and 2 inches in Floyd county Northwestern Bell Telephone company reported little trouble re sulting from the storm A com pany spokesman said only about 100 long distance lines not re garded as an unusually large num ber at this time of year were down Much of what longlines trouble existed was in the Burlington area where icing conditions were re ported 7 College Students Die in Auto Crash Bozeman Mont Seven Montana State college students were killed in an auto which plunged over a mountain cliff near here Sunday night An 8th was hurt critically Dead were 2 coeds and 5 mem bers of a Sigma Chi fraternity bas ketball team Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and a little colder Tuesday Low Monday night 5 to 8 above High Tues day 12 above Iowa Mostly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Colder Monday night Low Monday night 515 north 1520 south Minnesota Partly cloudy no ma terial change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday A few snow flurries near Lake Superior Monday night Low Monday night ranging from 5 below zero to 5 above northwest and north central portions to 5 to 15 above southeast High Tuesday 20 to 25 northwest to 25 to 30 southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum 27 Minimum 18 At 8 a m 18 Precipitation 20 Snow i inch YEAR AGO Maximum 18 Minimum 1 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 22 Minimum 13 At 8 a m 18 YEAR AGO Maximum 35 f Minimum 15 MacArthur Gets Naval Authority Washington military high command announced Mon day it has given Gen Douglas MacArthur authority to assume control of American naval forces in Japanese waters in event of emergency This unification move was made known at a news conference held by the joint chiefs who have just returned from a 10 day tour of Pacific bases It was also announced that they have submitted a top secret pa per to President Truman on the effects on American security of the communist advance in Asia Gen Omar Bradley chairman of the joint chiefs was asked whether communism could be stopped at the borders of China with American aid He replied this was primarily a state depart ment decision and then volun teered the statement that the top secret report has been submitted Admiral Forrest P Sherman the chief of naval operations said there is no evidence that Russia siricte the war has increased the percentage of its total naval forces which is maintained in the Pa cific Says US Is Prepared for Atom Parleys Washington Sec retary of State John D Hickerson said Monday theUnited States is ready at any time to sit down and talk with Russia on the con trol of atomic energy Hickerson made this response to a charge by Russias Jacob A Malik that the United States and other western powers are respon sible for the soviet walkout from the United Nations atomic energy commission The Russian dele gate quit this and other U N agencies over a demand for ex pulsion of the Chinese nationalist representatives Hickerson declared at a news conference that the Soviet Union and the Soviet Union alone is blocking the agreement In saying the United States is ready to discuss the subject at any time he made plain he was referring to discussions within the United Nations Hickerson was U S representa tive on the 6nation atomic com mission when Malik walked out of the group The Russian left when the commission refused to act on Russias demand that the Chinese nationalist delegate be re placed by a representative of the new Chinese communist regime Hickerson went over the U S position in response to newsmens questions about a letter Malik wrote to U N Secretary General Trygve Lie blaming the west for collapse of the talks He declared the U N official record of what took place is the answer to Malik He said the is sue raised by Malik was wholly irrelevant and added that Russia showed little regard for the gen eral assemblys resolution direct ingthe ecnrnrnission to explore all avenues in a search for an agree ment on controls Father of Gl Calls for Him to Surrender Des Moines father of 17yearold Tommy Ellis has broadcast a appeal for his son to surrender for questioning in the knifeslaying of Mrs Flora Bryan R F Ellis Rock Springs Wyo said in a plea over Des Moines radio station KRNT Sunday night I dont think you did this thing but the only vyay we can prove it is for you to give yourself up The appeal was rebroadcast Monday morning This running away makes ev eryone think you are guity Tom my Ellis said It wont do any good sooner or later youll be pickedup anyway Ellis a coal miner at Rock Springs came to Des Moines to help hunt for his son State county and city officers have been searching for young Ellis a soldier AWOL from Fort Riley Kans since the body of Mrs Bryan was found 8 days ago The 85yearold widow had been stabbed with a hunting knife The youths father said he be lieved Tommy may still be hiding in the Des Moines vicinity Polk County Sheriff Howard Reppert however said he was awaiting reports from Wyoming on the possibility that Ellis could have been the person who last Monday abandoned a stolen Omaha car at Torrington Wyo Another car was stolen at Tor rington the same night lowan Is Chosen to Head Poultry Group Kansas City E Gor don of Marion Iowa was re elected president of the Poultry and Egg national board Sunday The board is the nationwide consumer education and promo tion agency of the poultry indus try Also reelected was Roscoe Hill Lincoln Nebr No Mines Are Open in Soft Coal Regions Southerners Accept Lewis Invitation Washington coal producers Monday accepted John L Lewis invitation to resume contract bargaining on Wednes day Lewis issued the invitation Sat urday as part of his compliance with court orders obtained by the government under the ToftHart ley act By the words of his orders to miners Lewis has brought himself into compliance with that court or der and another thatdirects a re turn to full coal production But out in the coal fields the diggers sat on their hands Mon day refusing to go back to work despite the courts and the instruc tions Lewis has put out What action the government might take under the circum stances was not clear Justice department o f f i c i a Is who have the job of enforcing court orders did not want to talk about it One official indicated however that the policy for the moment at least was to take no ac tion that might inflame an already heated situation Rep Gross Asks Nomination Papers Des Moines 8th and last incumbent Iowa congressman H R Gross R Iowa Monday requested nomination pa pers from the secretary of states office Gross Waterloo sought heelec tion to a 2nd term from the 3rd district in his partys June 5 pri mary Other nomination paper requests Monday came from State Rep J H Loken R Akron in Plymouth county State Rep Jay Leeka D Thurman in Fremont county and L Dee Mallonee Audubon Mal lonee sought the republican nom ination as state representative from Audubon county Leeka and Luken sought reelection Mrs Truman Is 65 Years Old on Monday Washington UR Mrs Bess Wallace Truman wife of the pres ident Monday quietly observed her 65th birthday Mrs Truman was born in In dependence Mo The president who will be 66 on May 8 was born in Lamar Mo The white house said no special rans were made for her birthday Their daughter Margaret who will be 26 years old Friday is out of town on a singing tour AP Wirephoto HOME persons were injured when a tornado swept the little sawmill community of Gill Texas Sunday This is the home of L L Moore who suffered a broken back Three others were injured when the house collapsed Tornadoes Sweep Through South Death Toll to 44 Shreveport La that devastated scat tered sections of the south and southwest Sunday and Mon day killed at least 44 persons including an entire family of 6 children and their parents injured hundreds and cost thousands of dollars in erty damage I Still Behind Switzer for Judges Post Victims of the freakish weath er that hedgehoppedthrough east Texas northwest Louisiana and westTennessee included the Wil son Carroll family who apparent ly died in their sleep h e n a twister roared into the little west Tennessee community of Hurri cane Hill before dawn The bodies of the mother fa ther and their 6 children were found by rescue workers Their bodies were badly battered Their home was in ruins about them One negro was killed in the same area A 101yearold negro died Sunday from injuries received when the series of tornadoes whipped through a suburb of Houston Twentyeight of the known dead were from Louisiana and 6 others from Texas First aid headquarters were set up at Ripley nearby Hurricane Hills 8 telephones were knocked out making communications to the stricken area difficult As rescue workers stumbled through rubble to rescue the living and reclaim the dead from des truction already exacted by the freakish weather the xveather bu rea xvarned that conditions are ripe for more tornadoes in other areas of the south Northern Mis sissippi and northwest Alabama were alerted Asks Standards on Gl Schools Be Made Tighter Washington resident Truman asked congress Monday to fix tighter standards for the kind of schools eligible to train veterans under the G I bill of rights He sent the lawmakers a report on G I training which said there have been abuses and waste of government funds Mr Truman said in an accom panying letter that the report makes it clear that the recent rapid increase in trade and voca tional training has included train ing of less than acceptable qual ity Pick Nickname Syracuse N Y and Mrs Lester Lincoln feel sure that future schoolmates will nickname their son Abe The baby Charles was born Sunday Abraham Lincolns birthday He was named for a grandfather Cedar Rapids UR Iowa Bar association officials indicated Mon day the board of governors still supports Senator Guy Gillette D Iowa in his stand against the ap pointment of Carroll Switzer to the federal bench T M Ingersoll vicepresident of the bar association said a tele gram to Senator Pat McCarron D Nev reaffirmed and ratified the stand of the association taken last June shortly after Switzers nomination by President Truman as federal judge of the southern Iowa district The telegram sent by the board of governors at the request of Mc Carran was originally kept secret Ingersoll said but the decision to reveal the contents was made to end speculation in Iowa Edward Jones Des Moines at torney and secretary of the asso ciation said he talked with Mc Carran by phone and obtained permission to release the contents McCarran chairman of the senate judiciary committee had previous ly declined to reveal the contents of the wire maintaining it was part of the committees secret files The judiciary committee has Switzers appointment under con sideration It failed to act on the nomination before recess last aut umn and Switzer is serving as judge under a recess appointment by Mr Truman Gillette Is Host to Iowa Farmers Washington Gil lette DIowa was1 host at a luncheon Monday for a delegation of Iowa Farmers Union members Some 90odd Iowa farmers are in Washington for a several days visit Most of them attended the Gillette luncheon in the senate family dining room The farmers came here in 3 busesto discussagriculture with the Iowa members of congress The group favors the farm plan proposed by Secretary of Agri culture Brannan A small number visited Rep Gross RIowa Monday morning Others plan to visit their congress men Monday afternoon Sunday night the group talked with Al J Loveland an lowan who is assist ant secretary of agriculture Walkout Is Continuing Full Blast Lewis Bows to Court Orders Diggers to Work Pittsburgh soft coal miners continued their na tionwide no contract no work strike full blast Monday They ignored both John L Lewis work order and a federal court injunc tion In some areao lack of official notification is delaying a decision by United Mine Workers locals on obeying their chieftains order to return to the pits forthwith No mines are operating in the large bituminous soft coal pro ducing areas except unorganized or independent union pits and those covered by new contracts with the UMW Going Strong Pennsylvania West Virginia Indiana Illinois Alabama Ohio and other important coal states all report the strike is as strong this week as last Determined strikers vow theyll stay out until they get a contract Over the weekend Lewis bowed to the court order and directed his 372000 striking miners back to work But with telegraph offices closed on Sundays in many small mining communities several locals were late in receiving the official word Some idle miners said they arent working because this is the day theyre celebrating Lewis 70th birthday The UMW presidents birthday actually was Sunday Sees Continuation Dave president of UMW district 21 in Oklahoma and Ar kansas looks for a continuation of the strike despite Lewis and the court He said Some of the miners feel the government is trying to make con victs out of them The miners fought for 50 years to get their union They dont want it stolen away from them and be reduced to slaves Comment from rank and file diggers showed their attitude to be one of grim determination The injunction wont mine coal and we know it said a miner at the Russelton Pa mine No 2 of Republican Steel Corporation He added That TaftHartley business is foolish No contract no work 3 Violent Iowa Deaths Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three persons died violent deaths in Iowa over the weekend one in a train accident and the other 2 as the result of traffic mishaps on icy roads The dead were Frank Padilla 60 of Stuart railroad section worker killed when the motorized handcar on which he and 2 other men were riding on the Rock Island railroad tracks was run down by a freight train Sunday William Schiltz about 70 of Lc Mars killed when his car skidded off icy highway 5 10 miles east of Storm Lake Sunday William A Johnson Jr 19 of Rutland who died in a Forest City hospital Saturday of injuries suf fered the day before when the car m which he was riding skidded on icy highway 69 and overturned The 3 section hands were re turning to Stuart from Menlo where they had been working All 3 jumped from the handcar as the train bore down on them Padilla was struck by the train The others escaped injury and 4 other students at St Olaf college Northfield Minn were returning home for the week end when the accident occurred Two of the students Leonard Jacobson 20 of Humboldt and Jerry Larson 18 of Rutland were hospitalized with injuries Larson was reported in serious condition in a Mason City hospital BUck ;