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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY EDITED FOR THE HOME KOIKES I A i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS i VOL Associated Piess end United Press rull Leased Wlrej Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 131947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 107 TRUMAN OFFERS HELP TO BRITAIN i 1 I United States Wins Atom Control Issue Fight in UN SECURITY BODY VOTES AGAIIf RUSSIAN STA Plan Will Take Weapons Out of Study on Arms Reduction United Nations Security Council was summonedThursday to give final approval to proposed arms reduction machinery after the United States had won a prelimi nary victory in the fight over i atomic control procedure By a vote of 9 to 0 with Kus hsia and Poland abstaining the vlcouncil Wednesday night ap a clause which would set j up an 11nation commission for conventional armaments to study 4 all phases of arms reduction not already being examined by the j itonuc energy commission The United States over Russias j apposition has contended from the Beginning that atomic controls 1 should be studied separately from jeneral disarmament Wednesday nights t the end of a 7hour ame as the council considered llause by clause a draft resolution jutlining the entire machinery of 3 rrns reduction This resolution husf be voted upon as a whole j hursday but it was considered nlikely that Russia would in oke the veto j The resolution if finally ap 1 iroved will keep American htomici secrets inviolate from le al international intervention for I he time beingi V jj It will leave Taft Denies Agreement With Bricker Columbus Ohio S Sen ator Robert A Taft asserted Thursday that no agreement had been reached for U S Senator John W Bricker to withdraw as a republican presidential prospect in favor of him Taft also asked at a press con Lake Success N Y HPl Thoiference if he and his Ohio co1 iaKe success N el league had discussed Brickers possible withdrawal replied I wont answer any question of that kind I havent encouraged such talk Taft meeting newsmen prior to a luncheon given in his honor by Senator Bricker told them he did not intend to deny that Im not to be a candidate but again I might not be The senator said he felt that with the republican national con vention some 16 months away it was too soon to discuss presi dential politics Taft added The more the presidential thing is introduced into the picture now the more confusion it introduces into the legislative program upon which the success of any repub lican candidate so depends And for that reason I think it too soon to discuss any presi dential politics the future of atomic energy on a world scale with the atomic energy commis sion a subsidiary of the council which has before it the socalled plan providing for release of the secrets only after interna tional controls and inspections s have been set up with ironclad guarantees and punishments for violators Soviet Delegate Andrei A Gro myko fought to the last against the insistence of American Dele gate Warren R Austin that the atomic field must be specifically exempted from the explorations of a general commission com mitted to the task of assaying re ducing and regulating arms At the end Austin the American newcomer to the council paced over to Gromyko clasped his hand and said Youre all right Gromyko smiled He had voted neither for nor against the vital paragraph 3 of the conven tional arms reduction resolution and was expected to follow suit withholding the veto when the proposal as a whole is voted upon Thursday afternoon after a pre liminary ballot on a final detail Paragraph 3 was offered in par allel alternate forms by the con ference committee which had put together the resolution ta merge divergent viewpoints Halfway down the American and Russian viewpoints were identical in favoring an arms com mission which would report within 3 months on general reg ulation and reduction of arms and for practical safe guards in that connection Iowa Woman Dies From Traffic Crash Injuries Cedar Rapids Oscar Click 32 of near Solon died Thursday morning in a Cedar Rapids hospital of injuries suf fered in a headon automobile col lision near Tipton Feb 6 Her husband also injured in the crash was released from the hospital Thursday morning Accident reports indicated that Lawrence Morrison of Far Rock away Long Island driver of the other car was blinded by snow flurries and swerved into the wrong lane of traffic SAME DATE 194658 Black HIE means traffic death In put 21 fcoiir Seek End to Farm Bureau County Aid Des Moines bill which would eliminate the year in county aid given to Iowa Farm was being prepared Thursday for introduction in the Jowa house of representatives Rep M F Hicklin RWapel lo is the principal sponsor Others who have joined him as intro ducers thus far are Reps M F Bockwoldt RIda D A Donahue Ted Sloane RDes and Claire G Prange RPleasantville The county allotments to their Farm Bureau units are an out and out subsidy and they are not needed Hicklin declared The Farm Bureau has purchased art expensive office buildingin Des Homes and at least one other That is the building in my iome town The Farm Bureau seems to be self sufficient The taxpayers ought to be relieved of this bur den I dont care where the money which would be saved by this elimination would go It could go for school aid or simply take the form of relief to the taxpayers by lowering the county levy that much The Farm Bureau along with the State Education association was largely instrumental in gam ing passage in the senate and house of a state income tax meas ure ivhich would limit halfrate payments to this year and return them to the full rate next year and thereafter Gov Robert D Blue was op posed to returning to the full rate and he still has the measure under consideration Hicklin explained that when the Farm Bureau aid plan was set up it went for educational pur poses It was justified then5fie added However he declared thgre is nothing in the law to tie the aid down for that particular pur pose The only reason for continuing the aid was because of the educa tional feature which is not in the law Hicklin emphasized The aid fund is raised through the county lesy Hicklin said that on a basis revenue amounted toabout a year Hess to Spend Rest of Life in Cell 13 Berlin Hess it was learned Thursday is destined to serve out the remainder of his life sentence in Spandau prisons cell No 13 The brooding former No 2 deputy fuehrer and the 6 other major nazi war criminals sen tenced to prison are expected to be flown here from Nuernberg within the next 3 weeks or as soon as the prisons outer alarm system is completed There they will go into vir tually solitary confinement and allied keepers hope men In the 4 power prison admin istration the Russians are most concerned that the nazis be giv en no publicity lest some of it contribute to legendbuilding in German minds STATE LIQUOR REVENUE BILL TO CONFERENCE Senate Insists on 5 to Cities and Towns and 3 to Counties DCS Moines liquo revenue bill which would provid new funds for Iowa local govern ments was sent to the legislativ conference committee Thursda to settle differences between th senate and the house On a voice vote the senat adopted a motion by Senator Irv ing D Long R Manchester tha it insist upon its provision tha the contemplated increase of per cent in the price of liquo March 1 be distributed on thi basis of 5 per cent to cities and owns and 3 per cent to counties for any purposes they see fit As the bill passed the house i allotted 5 per cent to cities am towns and contained an impliet understanding not written in th bill that local taxing district probably would receive another 5 per cent to reimburse them for property tax exemptions grantee to war veterans or some similar purpose Under the house proposal there was a socalled gentlemens agreement that the liquor control commission would raise prices 1C per cent to meet the allotments proposed The county tax assessor bill approved in the state senate by a 4 to 1 margin moved Thursday into the house would overhaul completely Iowas system of assessinggeneral prop erty for local taxation by putting the job of appraisement in the hands of an expert assessor for each county and abolishing the offices of some 1600 elective township assessors Cities of 10000 population or more would retain the right to have their urban property valued by a city assessor if they desired Opponents conceded that the ob jectives of the bill were desirable but protested against what they termed removing the power of as sessment from the hands of the people Senators Frank C Byers R Cedar Rapids and Robert Keir RSpencer who handled the measure said it embodied a plan the legislature should adopt in view of expected state appropria tions to lift part of the tax burden now borne by property owners for schools and other purposes They declared it would bring about uni formity and equality in valuations and place on the tax rolls much property now escaping a fair share of the tax load The new assessors would be chosen in each county by a con ference group composed of the mayors of all incorporated cities and towns the county board of supervisors and boards of educa tion This group also would fix the salary Each applicant for the post would have to pass an examina tion on general tax and appraise oiient laws conducted by the state tax commission which would cer tify lists of persons eligible for appointment Miners on Strike 800 Feet Underground Lansford Pa UR Fourteen anthracite miners staging a sit down strike in a mine shaft 800 feet below the surface caused the closing of the Lansford colliery of the Lehigh Coal and Naviga tion Co Thursday About 1200 fellow miners stayed away from the pits Thurs day morning after sending a dele gation to the shaft with blankets and plenty of food for the sit downers who are protesting de ductions from their pay for quitting work early International Soundpholo RESCUE PUP FROM ICECOVERED Pres ent of the Missouri Humane society is shown as he was hauled from an 86footdeep city dump pit at St Louis bearing in his arms a black mongrel dog which for 2 days had shivered in subfreezing cold at the bottom of the de pression The pup apparently slipped on the icy edge and fell into thwfliton Sunday Fire department hookandlad der provided to maketherescue Set April 1 as Target Date for Passing Strike Curb Bill Taft Also Hopes for Senate Passage of Portal Pay Ban Measure Washington senate leadership Thursday iet April 1 as the target date for ienate passage of a strikecontrol bill Sen Robert A Taft R Ohio ixed the date without mentioning hat John L Lewis coal strike ruce also ends on that day Taft chairman of the senate la ior and republican policy com mittees listed labor in a 5point enate legislative program he out med in an appearance at Colum us Ohio by April 1 He also lopes the senate will have acted n a portal pay ban a 2term imitation on the presidency war jowers and the budget There also were these congres ional developments white house erved notice that President Tru man will stand pat on the disputed lOmination of David E Lilienthal 3 be chairman of the federal tomic energy commission Two epublican senators had asked him D withdraw the nomination Universal Military he Veterans of Foreign Wars pro osed to congress a program which vould provide the equivalent of neyear of peacetime training for American youth There would be months of basic training and 6 months under any one of several ptional plans to be selected by le trainee was told hat badweather landing aids at a umber of airfields are operating nsatisfactorily and have not been ompletely installed despite what civil aeronautics administra on claims It also heard that some r crashes have been caused in irectly by crying babies or family uarrels at pilots homes An in urance executive said these fac rs create pilot fatigue and emo onal strain which contribute to iie accidents Boxcar president of the Association of American Railroads said the answer to the present freight car shortage isnt more laws but more cars Two eastern senators accused the west of hogging freight cars for crop movement while eastern industries suffer Meanwhile there were more fireworks over republican leader ship plans for a large cut in the budget for the armed forces with some republicans as well as demo crats attacking the GOP plan Secretary of War Robert P Pat terson issued a formal statement voicing grave alarm over a 500000000 sluash in war depart ment funds recommended by the joint congressional budget sub committee The subcommittee would trim from President Trumans budget for fiscal 1948 OFFICERS PROBE IQWANS DEATH Frozen Body of Carroll Man Is Found in Home Carroll and county authorities Thursday continued their investigation into the death of Charles Bellingbausen 53 yearold carpenter and farm acre age operator who was found dead in his home at the south edge of town Wednesday The bruised frozen body of Bellinghausen was found lying on a summer kitchen floor by 2 neighbors and Sheriff Tom J Finegan said there were indica tions he might have been beaten An autopsy and inquest were planned by Dr J Lawrence Coch a n county coroner Agents rom the state bureau of criminal nvestigation called from Des Moines checked for clues UXCANADATO EXCHANGE ALL MILITARY DATA 2 Countries Agree to Extension of Wartime Collaboration in Pact Washington Unite States and Canada were disclosec Thursday to have agreed on full exchange of military intel on w h a other nations are up to The provision is one of a se ries of pointbypoint agreements underlying a general accord to ex tend indefinitely the wartime col laboration of American and Ca nadian armed forces persons fa miliar wtih the yearlong nego tiations said They asserted privately tha more than a score of specific understandings were reached be fore Washington and Ottaw jointly announced the overal agreement late Wednesday The formal statement made no reference to this background Bu the disclosure of a compact for interchange of military intelli gence has deep significance for at least 2 reasons 1 Canadas geographic position along the polar cap air route over which any attack from Europe or northern Asia might come 2 Canada herself is a recent victim of an atom bomb espionage plot involving Soviet Russia While remaining officially silent on these points both governments stressed 2 others in announcing the plantocontinue their 6year collaboration for the defense of the north half of the western hem isphere The agreement is not formal ized in a treaty and the decision is a contribution to the stability of the world and to the estab lishment by the United Nations of an effective system of world se There was nevertheless some speculation in diplomatic circles over the timing of the announce than a month before he Big 4 foreign ministers meet ing in Moscow Those who should ataw insisted however that the negotiations actually started at least a year ago and the timing of Wednesdays announcement and the approaching March 10 session in Moscow was a mere co ncidence The announced agreement em braces a 5point general program designed to provide 1 Interchange of individuals so as to increase the familiarity of each countrys defense estab lishment with that of the other country 2 General cooperation and ex change of observers in connection with exercises and with the de velopment and tests of material of common interest Both the Jnited States and Canada have lad observers at the Arctic tests conducted by their respective 3 Encouragement of standard zed arms equipment organiza ion training methods and new developments 4 Mutual and reciprocal avail ability of military naval and air acuities in each country 5 An underlying principle rec ignizing that none of the coop erative arrangements will impair he control each nation expects iver its own territory Both governments made clear hat no bases are involved in the arrangement and King took oc asion before parliament to scotch vhat he described as umor that the United States had asked for bases in the Cana iian north Wrong Place London of rade delegation from Iceland ar ived in London Thursday They want to buy coal Suicide Weapons Are Taken From Jap War Criminal Suspects Tokyo officers at Sugamo prison posted an anti suicide vigil Thursday after a search of cells disclosed dozens of potential suicide hidden on major war crimes suspects in cluding exPremier Hideki Tojo The allout vigil was touched off by the attempted suicide early Wednesday of Yutaka Sagae on trial before the 8th army military tribunal charged with atrocities against American prisoners of war Sagac slashed an artery with a pen point but prison physicians patched him up I instantaneous poi son which Hermann Goering used to cheat the gallows at Nuernberg found on at least 2 suspects One had hidden the poison in the toe of a shoe while the other con cealed a vial in the seam of his coat Prison Commander Col Francis W Carey of St Louis Mo said the potential means of selfde struction taken from his 1073 charges in the prison included needles broken buttons bits of glass scissors spools of strong thread wires ropes nails pen points and jagged pieces of pot tery Guards found 3 long Japanese underwear on Tojos person They said the former war leader could have hanged himself with the sash Carey revealed that a piece of steel wire ground against the prison wall to needle sharpness had been taken from Gen Sei shiro Itagaki former Singapore commander and member of the Japanese war council Itagaki is one of 26 major war criminal sus pects standing trial before the in ternational military tribunal Articles capable of being used for selfinflicted wounds were taken from 2 expremiers and war Koiso and Baron Kiichiro Hiranuma One war criminal charged with atrocities had spun a rope from a cotton mattress Another twisted sheets of toilet tissue into a thick sturdy noose A pair of falsebottom shoes was seized in the cell of Toshio Shiratori former Japanese ambas sador to fascist Italy and new order theoretician Iowa House Passes Bill on Succession Des Moines measure to prevent a governorship controver sy in Iowa such as has occurret in Georgia won approval of th house of representatives Thurs day The measure was sent to the senate by a 100 to 0 vote The house also approved 102 to 0 a bill which proponents saic would solve many of the diffi culties now facing the state mcn tai hospitals The measure which now goes to the senate woule authorize the board of control to hire a qualified psychiatrist to supervise the care of patients in the 4 state mental hospitals and 2 institutions for the feebleminded The bill involving the governor ship was by Rep Carl A Burk man RDes It would amend the state constitution Un der it if the governorelect shoulc die or from some reason fail to qualify at the proper time lieu tenant governorelect would suc ceed to the governorship The bill also provides that the governor lieutenant governor president protern of the senate and speaker of the house all be killed in a catastrophe the state executive would call a special ses sion of the legislature to e 1 e c 1 their successors The house also passed 8910 a measure to substitute county weed commissioners for the present township weed commissioners H also would allow the county board to levy an additional i mill tax to buy weed eradicating equip ment A bill to give the state fire marshal sweeping powers to en force fire prevention regulations was filed Thursday for introduc tion inthe houseof representa tives It was presented by the po lice regulations committees Meanwhile Rep C G Good chairman of the board of control committee filed 11 com nitfee bills and said there was no ntention presently among com mittee members to follow a recom mendation of Gov Robert D Blue hat the board of control be abolished The fire marshal measure would permit him to enforce fire pre vention regulations on hospitals nursing homes tourist camps and multiple dwellings housing five or more families as well as hotels The bill is an outgrowth of the hotel fire in Dubuque ast June in which 19 persons lost their lives A companion measure would transfer fire prevention in spections from the department of agriculture to the fire marshal owa House Votes Out 5 Bills to Curb Unions Des Moines Iowa louse Thursday voted to force out of the labor committee 5 bills which would regulate labor unions Rep Harry E Weichman R Vewhall charged that there was in attempt in the committee to tifle all these labor bills He was iupported by Rep A G Redman R Sac Rep Harvey J Long R Clin chairman of the labor com nittee had asked the house for n additional 15 days for public learings He was supported by Rep Ted Sloane R Des The vote was 51 to 41 in favor if keeping the bills in the com mittee However it would have aken 72 favorable votes to give he committee more time The bills involved would ban losed shops would require en orcement of collective bargaining greements would prohibit pick ting and secondary boycotts and vould prevent a supervisor from eing a member of the same union s the workers under his con rol SAYS COUNTRY READY TO AID IN FUEL CRISIS President Eyes Plan to Divert Coal Ships at Sea to British Ports Washington Truman said Thursday that the United States is ready to do every thing within its power to relieve the plight the British people in their present fuel emergency In a statement Mr Truman said it may be possible to divert to Great Britain a number of colliers at sea in the vicinity of the Brit ish Isles now carrying coal to other European countries His statement also said Although we have received no request from England for aid I have directed Captain Granville Conway coordinator of emer gency export programs to deter mine how quickly and in what quantity coal can be landed at British ports It would take a min imum of 15 days to ship coal from this country to England Such shipments might very well arrive too late to help England in the present emergency There are however a number of colliers at sea in the vicinity of the British Isles carrying coal to other European countries It may be possible to divert some of these colliers to English ports In London Prime Minister Att ee informed parliament Thurs day that the power brownout now enforced throughout the island on a virtual wartime footing had saved 78000 tons of coal in 3 days but that the situation remains very critical He said the six big power sta mens of London had only a weeks supply of fuel and that the Lon don gas companys coal piles had dwindled to stocks that would last 9i days While he spoke grimy colliers beat down the east coast from northeast loading ports and scores of trains carried fuel supplies ward stilled industrial centers in jattle against the economic crisis which has thrown 5000000 or more persons out of work and forced an islandwide power re duction under wartime penalties of fines and prison for violations Temperatures dropped to 23 de jrees fahrenheit Wednesday night and no immediate relief was forecast All 4 British railroads every effort was being made to get coal through on lines which snow drifts had clogged A national defense act carrying lenallies ranging up to fines of 52000 and imprisonment for Z ears for violators was invoked as the daily 5hour ban on the use of electricity for homes and other domestic consumption was extended to all of England Scot and and in the bitterest cold wave in half a cen ury Attlee calling for measures as urgent as for a major military op eration to speed the mining and xansport of coal set up a special man coal cabinet and ordered jabor Minister George Isaacs to irganize immediately additional ivilian labor to help in clearing h e snowblocked arteries of ransport A strict blackout of lighting lomparable to that of the war re urned to Britain as all street and ighway lights except those at dangerous intersections were or dered extinguished The spirit which carried Britain nrough the dark days of the blitz ffas reflected in a fuel and power ministry communique entitled The Battle of the Power Sta ions It announced that the Dower embargo effective since vlonday in 38 of the 64 English and Welsh counties had resulted in aving some coal but that the 5 lour daily blackout was being ex ended to the whole island and its 49000000 people effective Thurs day Tojo Is Reminded of Pearl Harbor y False Choppers Dallas false teeth vill help him to remember Pearl larbor Dr Jeff B Bruton 24 year old aval reserve officer wrote his larents that he and 2 companions vere ordered to Sugamo prison Hideko Tojo is awaiting rial as a war criminal to make npressions for new dentures for he Japanese wartime premier The 3 engraved Remember earl Harbor in Morse code dots nd dashes on the upper plate ruton said GIs Get Around During World war II the aver ge U S service man made 5 rail way trips before going overseas Weather Report FORECAST Jason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with con tinued mild temperature Lows Thursday night 30 to 34 owa Partly cloudy and mild Thursday night and Friday Lows Thursday night 32 north to 35 south Highs Friday 4550 Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday a little colder north portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY JlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 37 Minimum 30 At 8 a m Thursday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 7 ;