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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ASCHJVFS I NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL11 Aaodatol fna and United Press Full letted Cenla Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 13 1945 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 1W INSIDE WASHINGTON Russians May Isolate Then Strangle Berlin Central Press Capital Staff observers believe they have Russian strate gy figured out when the Red arm ies roll up to occur rence which according to present indications may take place in a matter of days Recalling the horrible sufferings that the German wehrmacht has inflicted on millions of Russian civilians it is considered extreme ly likely that the Soviets will sur round Berlin but make no imme diate attempt to take the German capital by storm Instead it is felt the Soviets will haul up their longrange artillery and in a reenactment of the seiges of old lob shells into the stricken heart of iiazidom More than a deep desire for re venge will motivate the Russians if this strategy is adopted It is pointed out that Such tactics are identical with those being fol lowed by the Russians in their present treatment of other iso lated German and Prussian cities Besides the Russians can save many lives in their own military organization through this method instead of attempting a streetby street assault on the ctiy BUDAPEST FALLS TO RUSSIANS CANADIANS GREITHAUSEN NEARING RUHR 3rd Army Rips New Hole in Siegfried Opposite Luxembourg empire troops made steady progress east and south ot captured Kleve Tuesday in the heaviest fighting of the new offensive while Canadians to the bombard American OWls Propaganda Branch has leaned Warfare over back north than wards in its adherence to broad casting the truth to the German neople and the result has had a tremendous impact on the nazis OWI reports reveal cases where captured nazi soldiers are stunned to know that American factual broadcasts were scrupulously cor rect and that Germans had been duped by their own propaganda chief Dr Josef Goebbels One reason for this is that OWI absolutely refuses to broadcast or send in leaflet form any informa tion that doesnt come from ex ceptionally high sources Sponsors of the HouseApproved work or jail bill will try to push the measure through the senate before the swift advance of the soviet armies on the Russian front makes such legislation appear un leaders while entered Greithausen less a mile from the flooded Rhine and 20 from the Ruhr city of Wesel The American third army in the center ripped a new hole through the Siegfried line op posite the Luxembourg frontier when the fifth and 80th divisions joined their EchternachWallen dorf bridgeheads into a single sal ient two miles deep and ten miles wide The west wall is thin and close to the frontier in that sec tor No further progress was ported beyond captured Pruem vhere the third army was 45 miles short of Coblenz and the Rhine The Germans committed seven irst rate divisions including tank ers to the Kleve battle Allied lines for the first time were thrust within 300 miles west of Berlin at Greithausen two miles across the Rhine from the industrial town of Emmerich The Russians on the east front are 31 miles from the capital necessary Administration highly pleased with the work of the Russian armies in Germany are fearful that the soviet forces may defeat the legislation and thus achieve more than ganized opposition to do Those backing themeasure however are arranging to combat this idea by saying the bill is needed regardless of the situation in Europe Aleanwhile the Chances of Nurses being drafted for the serv ices appear slim It seems possible although rather improbable that congress would enact legislation conscript ing nurses for the army navy and veterans hospitals The hope and expectation in in formed quarters is that now that the need for additional nurses to I care for the sick and the wounded J has been made so crystal clear by the president enough of them will volunteer to make it unnecessary Jesse H Jones Famous Reply to President Roosevelts letter of Jan 20 asking Jones to step out of the post he held as secretary of the department of commerce and head Gen Henry Crerars Canadian army beat down numerous coun terattacks from the Rhine to below the reichs forest in a great mud pie created by breaches in the Rhine dykes by rainfall and a continuing thaw The battle close to theRhine indeed was amphi bious because the lowlands one to lour feet under water For the first timesince the of fensive started the airforces were able to supply close ground sup port to ground troops despite clouds Some 500 tactical sorties were flown before noon In Alsace the 36th Texas di vision of the U S seventh army once more ejected the Germans from Oberhoffen 15 miles north of Strasbourg A terrific explos ion in newly won Colmar below Strasbough caused considerable damage It was believed caused by a German time bomb Roer river floods loosed by German demolitions on the head water dams held up the American first and ninth and the British second armies The Canadians called water rats because they were wading and riding ducks and buffalo am phibians through from 1 to 4 feet of water in the lowlands drove to Griethausen less than a mile from the Rhine and 2 from Emmerich Manila Waterfront Manila American divisions linked up inside southj em Manila Tuesday and blasted he Japanese garrison back into he burning waterfront in the deadliest closein lighting of the entire Pacific war The decisive juncture sealing off the last avenue of escape for the trapped Japanese in Manila came as Bataan and Corregidor across Manila bay were rocking under a tremendous ment by hundreds of planes More than 200 tons of high ex plosives were showered down on Corregidor Saturday and Sunday while a big fleet of army and ma rine warplanes ripped up the southern corner of Bataan with another 500 tons It was the greatest aerial blow ever struck in the Pacific and ap parently was intended to clear the way for an amphibious assault on Corregidor Gen Douglas MacAr thurs communique reported that the giant guns on the rock ap peared to have been knocked out of action At the same time a force of American Thunderbolt fighters caught 35 troopladen Japanese barges off the east coast of Ba taan in daylight Saturday and blew them out of the water kill ins an estimated 2500 enemy troops There was no indication whether the barges were evacuat ing troops from Bataan Corregi dor or Manila There was even a remote possibility they may have been trying to sneak reinforce ments into the capital to aid the Big Three Agrees on Pattern for Victory and World Peace TO BEFORENATIONS AT CONFERENCE Dumbarton Oaks Proposal for New League Endorsed Japanese garrison in its finish fight BEGIN DEBATE ON SCHOOL CODE Knudson Opposes Election of State Head Washington armies already plunging toward the heart of Germany massed men and ma terials for even more powerful of fensives Tuesday in accord with a big3 master plan to hasten the end of the war and the beginning of a secure peace The pattern of the Dumbarton Oaks proposal for new to be laid before a united nations conference to be called at San Francisco April 25 Those are the overall results of President Roosevelts 8day meeting at an old czarist palace in the Crimea with Premier Stal in and Prime Minister Churchill By their own word it offers the world renewed hope after Ger manys unconditional surrender for generations of international security in which men may live out their lives in freedom from want and fear The dark curtains of secrecy were drawn from the conference late Monday This revealed that the big 3 had agreed not only on mighty new blows to crush nazi ism and permanently disarm Ger many but also on several pieces of specific peace machinery to guarantee independence and self determination to the small conn tries ofEurope A formula for creating a new government in For land which will be acceptable to of the federal lending agencies required 16 drafts before Jones was satisfied he had accurately voiced his sentiments The earlier drafts were said to have been spleenful and explo sive couched in thunderous blasts at the president and his official and unofficial advisers The town is 10 miles inside Ger many and close to the rail bridge from Kleve to Emmerich across the river Prisoners passed 5000 enemy dead were piling up fast on the water logged battlefield The Ger mans for the first time committed tanks Elements MRS BREWER NOT IN COURT Fails to Appear for Second Time the 2nd time in a week Mrs Helen Schultz Brewer failed to appear in district court here Tuesday as defendant in a case in which she is charged with assault with intent to commit murder The charge was brought by B F Atherton sheriff of Floyd county Judge M H Kepler and court officials were ready to proceed with the case Tuesday morning jurors for which were drawn a week ago and the first witnesses heard One of her attorneys Charles Catling of Decorah was present Tuesday morning but the other Ben R Toensing of Minne apolis did not show up Last Friday Mrs Brewer failed to show up when the case was scheduled to start in the morn ing and Judge Kepler issued a bench warrant for her arrest Sheriff Theodore Horn of Mitch ell county found Mrs Brewer in a hospital at Mason City but he did not serve the warrant after he received a statement from Mrs Brewers doctor as to her condi tion Sheriff Horn said Tuesday he still has the bench warrant and it will be served on Mrs Brewer as soon as she has been located She has been dismissed from the hos pital The case against Mrs Brewer has bxm continued for 2 weeks of the 116th panzer tank division and the whole 15th panzer grenadier division ap peared on Montgomerys northern front and they mounted counter attacks all the way from Kleve to south of the Reichswald These enemy units joined the severely mauled 84th infantry the 2nd 5th and 7th parachute divisions and the 180th infantry All suffered heavy losses in coun terattacks which failed to stop the slow but steady progress of the allied forces Some elements of Des Moines question of whether Iowas superintendent of public instruction should con tinue to be elected or should lie appointed by a proposed state board public instruction pro vided heated argument in the sen ate Tuesday The debate occurred as the up per chamber began consideration of the first of an anticipated 20 bills fo revise the states school laws The measure would estab lish a 7membcr state board of public instruction appointed by the governor with power to ap point a superintendent of public instruction The superintendent now is elected Shortly after the bill was called up by Senator Robert Keir R the senate resolved it self inlo a committee of the whole to consider the measure and its amendments While sitting as a committee of the whole the sen ate can discuss a measure but cannot vote on it Senator Leo Elthon RFertiie said that although he was for the general principles of the bill he ALLIED LEADERS AT YALTA at Livadia palace during the Big 3 conference at Yalta Crimea are Seated left to Prime Mjn ister Churchill President Roosevelt Premier Stalin standing left to right Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander Field Marshal Sir Henry Maitland Wilson Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham Gen Sir Hastings Ismay Admiral Ernest King Air Marshal Sir Charles Portal Admiral William Leahy Gen George Marshall and Russian delegates This is an official British photo all 3 powers is included The 3 leaders apparently com promised the split between the United States over the voting rights of great powers in Dumbarton Oaks This cleared the the Gth parachute division came from Holland The others were parts of the moved from other western front thought appointment of a superin tendent was an absolute mon strosity We are laying the framework for a political machine that nei ther the democratic party nor the republican party could touch El thon declared His assertion was challenged by Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and somewhat colder Tuesday night and Wednesday Lowest Tues day night about 20 Iowa Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Colder Tues day night and in west portion Wednesday Minnesota Light snow Tuesday night and snow flurries north and east portions Wednesday A little colder Tuesday night and not much change in tempera ture Wednesday Winds occa sionally fresh IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 35 Minimum Monday 31 At 8 a m Tuesday 31 Precipitation 23 inch YEAR AGO Maximum II Minimum minus 8 Senator Frank Byers RCedar who said I dont see why anyone should be scared that a superintendent of schools could set up a political machine That hasnt been done by our superin tendent of banking our commis sioner of labor or our commission er of insurance In fact Id rather see them elected than the super intendent of schools The superintendent of bank ing and commissioners of labor and insurance are appointed by the governor Buyers also declared that any good be elected superintendent of schools Senator Herman M Knudson RMason City agreed with By the proposed security plan way for the united nations con ference and they decided to call it for San Francisco on April 25 That is the date by which Russia must denounce her nonaggression treaty with Japan it is not to run for another 5 years Diplomatic officials here dis counted the significance of this fact terming it a coincidence But it raised all over again specula tion that Stalin had now declared to Roosevelt and Churchill an in tention to enter the war in Asia when military conditions in Eur ope permit The big3 announcement cover ing 9 major points was bailed at the capital by both republicans and democrats It commits the United States to a new and active role in the set tlement of European political af new departure in Ameri can foreign policy To consider these problems as they arise Brit ish Russian and American for eign secretaries are to meet every 3 or 4 months beginning after the San Francisco conference On his way home from the Cri mea Secretary of State Stettinius has gone to Moscow for a brief visit The whereabouts of Stalin Churchill and Roosevelt were not disclosed Presumably Stalin has returned to his urgent duties as soviet commander in chief and the thing like the kind of world they want out of this war Today many of these same officials are saying that the agreements ireached iri the Crimea are more farreaching iiv accepting the principles of the Atlantic charter than they had dared hope The agreements were worked out in conference rooms of the old white stone palace Livadia near the resort town of Yalta which Czar Nicholas n built as a sum mer resort arid which soviet Rus sia uses as a rest home for work ers Hour after hour the 3 leaders and their advisers in cluding Foreign Secretaries Stet tinius Eden and Molotov sat around a huge whiteclothed cir cular table and talked out prob lems of great power cooperation for peace These problems have been troubling the allied world for months AH their conclusions were not made public The solution for the split between the United States and Russia over the issues of a great power veto on charges in Big Three Decisions Washington Uf The major ecisions reached by the big 3 at Yalta GERMANY Will be subjected to even more powerful blows bring her to unconditional sur render Terms were agreed upon for oc cupation and control of Germany German militarism and nazism will be destroyed the German general staff will be broken up or all volving itself in the world security organization is to be given out only after France and China are consulted The plans for joint military ac tion to shorten the war agains Germany also are unrevcaled and there is no mention whatever o the war against Japan which leaves unchallenged the mounting edictions that after the Euro can war Russia will become an ly ill the closing phases of the acific struggle and to REDS FAN OUT OVER SILESIA TO QUEIS RIVER Konevs Vanguards Swing Toward Dresden Berlin in Huge Push s London UR The ruins of Budapest capital ot Hungary and one time city of 1500000 fell Tuesday to the red army after a siege of G weeks Marshal Stalin announced in a special order of the day Last ditch resistance by the doomed German and Hungarian garrison of Budapest encircled since Dec 26 flickered out in the rubble of the ancient city astride the Danube river and the total of prisoners captured by the Russians in the siege mounted to 110000 Budapest fell under the com bined assault of Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army and Marshal Fedor I Tol bukhins 3rd Ukrainian army which had clamped a noose of strangulation on the gateway city to Austria and southeastern Ger many North ot Budapest 300 miles other Russian forces were reported by the German high command to have fanned out through Silesia to the Queis river 7 to 10 miles be yond the broken Bober line in Si lesia marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army was running roughshod over the cracking de fenses of Silesia in a Z way drive within some 70 miles of Dresden capital of Saxony and toward the southeastern flank of the Berlin fortifies lions The fall of Budapest was fore shadowed by the announcement Monday night that all organized resistance in the city had been crushed It became a certainty Tuesday when the German command for the first timein weeks ignored Budapestarid offier I nazi broadcasts admitted tacitly Polish romeranian hast that the city had been written off Stalin in a broadcast order of Prussian Camps Lnanoed Hie day to Malinovsky and Tol bukhin hailed their armies for the Washington is great victory in the battle of Hun moving westward all prisoner ofgary and called Budapest a stra war camps in East Prussia Potegicalty important stronghold in land and that part of Pomerania i the German defenses on the way east of the Oder to Vienna GERMANS MOVE PRISONERS WEST Acting Secretary of State Grew announc ULlllUUlltLlK IIIEA JUI1ILIJ Hi time all of Germany s department Tuesday added capacity for waging war or proj lhat on eiocalicn of Six weeks of bloody fighting through the streets of Budapest was believed to have left the an in ruins The devasta ducing war materials will be elim inated or controlled War crminals will be punished A commission will be established to study reparations UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE An agreement was reached on voting procedure in the council of the contemplated world security organization a question left un settled at Dumbarton Oaks To prepare the charter for a such camps is constantly being tion by Moscow accounts rivaled that at Stalingrad as the red army noose lightened street by street of The announcement said details j sometimes house by house the camp movements will be Troops of the 2nd Ukra made public as soon as they can be confirmed A supplement to the final com rainian front in cooperation with troops of the 3rd Ukrainian front after a month and a half siege and stub munique of the big 3 conference I born fighting in difficult condi tions of a large town Tuesday completed the rout of the enemy group surrounded at Budapest and thus completely captured the capital of Hungary the town of Monday reported an agreement among Russia Britain and the United States for the care and speedy repatriation of all war other 2 are homeward bound Military decisions were made early in the conference and the staff chiefs who participated are presumably also enronte after is suing the initial orders necessary to mount the promised new as sanlts on Germany The Crimean agreement pledges the greatest alliance of military and political power in history to support the ideal of based on the Atlantic crs I think were trying to raise up a bogeyman here that simply doesnt exist Knudson declared I havent heard any particular criticism of any other appointive offices Well then why not make all state offices appointive ques tioned Senator J R Barkley R Isnt this taking it out ot the democratic system and put ting it into a nazi system Knudson jumped to his feet and retorted are you really serious about how far nazism is going to get in Iowa I am not Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlqbeGazettc carrier boy a peace charter which thereby appears to take on new life But it provides also for the growth of France as a fourth power in Europe and recog nizes through the agreement on Dumbarton Oaks the potentia power of China in the orient The announcement was re leased at p m central wa time Monday The 3 leaders con eluded it by saying that victory plus creation of the propose peace security organization wil provide the greatest opportu nity in all history for a lastin peace in which all men in a the lands may live out their lives in freedom from fear and want When President Roosevelt lef for this conclave some weeks ag Washington officials were sayin privately that this time he ha to bring home the bacon if th American people were to be as sured that they would get an DR Churchill Made lans to Crush Japan before Crimea Meeting Vallclta Malta Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill discussed plans for rushing Japan on this famous VIediterranean island before they lew to their Crimea meeting with remier Stalin Information that Roosevelt and Churchill had discussed the Pa cific war in their preliminary ren dezvous here came from a high ranking U S officer It consti utcd the only mention of the Pa cific axis partnet in connection with the big 3 meeting Joining the chiefs of the U S and British governments in the discussions here were many of the leading military and naval fig ures With the president were Army Chief of Staff Gen George C Marshall Fleet Adm Ernest King and many others Adm Chester Nimitz also was reported to have been present but this was not confirmed President Roosevelt landed on a Malta airdrome and received a thunderous ovation during a tour oC the island A u int iui i world security organization along Prisoners and civilians liberated the lines of that contemplated the troops invading Germany Budapest Dumbarton Oaks a full united naI tions conference will meet in San Francisco on April LIBERATED EUROPE The 3 countries will jointly as sist liberated European territories i and former nnzi satellites to cs ablish internal peace carry out mergency relief measures form nterim governments and hold free lections of permanent govern ments responsive to the will of he people The 3 countries will confer whenever the necessity arises in connection with these problems The principles of the Atlantic charter including free determina ion of governments are reafj lirmcd POLAND I Russia gets roughly the eastern j of prewar Poland on the basis of a Polish border roughly following the old Curzon line In return Poland will get substan tial territor from Germany in the west The socalled Lublin govern ment now recognized by Russia will be reorganized on a broader democratic basis with the inclu sion of democratic leaders from Poland itself and from Poles j abroad The broadened govern strategically impor BULLETIN London London Po lish government as had been an ticipated announced Tuesday night that it rejects completely the big 3 decision on Poland ment will be recognized by Britain and the United States YUGOSLAVIA The big 3 recommended ac ceptance of the compromise calling for creation of a regency and broadening of the Yugoslav cabinet MEETINGS OF FOREIGN SECRETARIES The big 3 foreign secretaries will meet every 3 months with the first session in London after the San Francisco conference FRANCE Was invited to participate in control and occupation of Germany and in settling problems of liber ated Europe she will be given a preview of the world security or ganization voting plan agreed upon at Yalta GERMAN TERRITORY HELD BY area shows prewar German territory now held by the in vading Russians In the southern area Marshal Ivan Ko nevs troops were reported Tuesday to be driving within a few miles of the Saxony border in a large fan toward Dres den and Berlin ;