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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, February 13, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mrrmi VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS KU1X LEASED WIBES K1VE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 131943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 109 REPORT NAZIS SET FIRE TO ROSTOV Japanese Continue Retreat Toward Salamaua OF FOE 1 LEFT DEAD IN JUNGLE FIGHTS Nipponese Admit Loss of 7 Warships in Last Half Year in Solomons By DON CASWELL GEN MACARTHURS HEAD QUARTERS Australia UP Japanese troops are continuing their flight from the Wau area of northern New Guinea after suffering a humiliating and dam aging defeat in a twoweek bat tle with Australian infantrymen it was announced Saturday About 1000 of 3000 enemy troops who had tried to cap ture Wau and with it an im portant allied air base were dead in the jungle the remain der were making their way along twisting trails toward Mubo on the coast 12 miles southwest of the large Japanese base of Salamaua Announcing Ihis success in five words of his enemy continues his withdrawal Douglas MacArthur re ported also the death of 225 ad ditional Japanese in the North New Guinea area Of these 135 wore killed by allied combat patrols and 90 were found dead in the KumsiOpi river zones down the coast from Mubo Among the dead were some who had starved They were stragglers from the Gona Mission area where part of the Papuanarmy vas de stroyed beforethenclimactic bat tles of Muna and Sanananda Part of the 135 killed were stragglers in the KumusiOpi zone the others were mopped up MASON in the WauMubo stretch A single flying fortress ranged for three hours over Rabaul in New Britain biggest Japanese base in the New GuineaSolo mons theater before dawn Fri day showerins explosive and incendiary bombs which started fires at the Rapopo airdrome A heavy bomber attacked the runway at the Cape Gloucester airdrome in northwestern New Britain and another bombed the Ubili area in the same zone starting fires General MacArthur reported that a Japanese float plane raided Tanahmerah on the Ditul river in inland Dutch New Guinea without doing damage Japs List Losses Last Half of Year By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japan Saturday admitted the loss of seven Japanese warships sunk and six damaged the last half year of battle in the Solo monsNew Guinea thealer even as unilcd nations capitals thrilled to President Roosevelt pledge of impending great and decisive actions against Japan The Japanese said these were losses which have not jel been previously announced A tabulation of reports of Japanese and American losses in the period Aug 7Feb 6 as given in navy communiques issued in Washington showed lhat the ene my had lost 57 ships of all types sunk 7 probably sunk and 102 damaged plus 707 planes de stroyed in combat American losses by these same reports were shown as 28 ships sunk with the number of damaged ves sels and the total of plane losses never having been discloscd These loss figures being based only on communiques do not in clude any of the damage suffered by both sides in the battlins which broke oitt about Jan 23 since that has not been reported by the navy in Washington In the Solomons the navy commxmiques showed the Japs have had at least one battleship sunk another battleship or heavy cruiser also sunk and two battle ships as well as at least one air craft carrier bndly damaged American forces lost the aircraft carriers Wasp and Hornet in tthe Solomons fighting The communique recorded in New York by the Associated Press said that three Japanese destroyers three submarines and one patrol ship were sunk while a cruiser four submarines and a Patrol ship were damaged up to Feb 7 It reported that four allied sub marines three torpedo boals and a patrol ship were sunk in Ihe same period and three destroyers 1 Davies Urges Big 4 Sign Seize Playboy AND Who Escaped at Air Base RENO Nev Private JacoU L Jakey Webb wealthy New York playboy was arrested in fashionable Reno hotel early Sat urday still clad in the bright red bathrobe he wore when he escaped Friday night from the observation ward at the Reno air base where he had been held pending court martial on a charee of imperson ating an officer Beneath the robe were while pajamas government issue for snl diers held under observation He also wore house shoes and socks BACK FROM first marines to arrive back at their south Pacific base after Ijeing relieved by the army at Guadalcanal island march from the transport vessel to camp Many were in action on the island since the original assault on Aug 7 s and a putro ship 1T7V1 T71 JJ V T 1 ut Fort One Wing Nearly Severed Gets Back Safely Had Made 12 Previous four submarines were he toll desc announced The communique however con ceded the united nations a slight edge in aerial warfare It said 205 allied aircraft had been shot down and 32 destroyed aground for a total of 237 against Japanese losses of 215 2 of which crash dived into enemy objectives or failed to return to base and 114 damaged tor a total ol 329 Weather Report FORECAST CITY Conlinued cold Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon lowest Saturday night in Mason City 5 below IOWA Not much change in tem perature in extreme w e s t slightly colder in east and cen tral portions Saturday night Warmer Sunday forenoon MINNESOTA Continued cold Saturday night warmer Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 14 Minimum Friday night 6 At 8 a in Saturday G At 2 p m Saturday 1 Large sundogs were observed Saturday morning IOWA SHIVERS IN COLD WAVE Mason Citys 6 Below Is Coldest in State DES MOINES shiv ered in a preValonUne cold wave Saturday with Mason City re porting the states low tempera ture reading of fi below zero The mercury had sagged to three above in DCS Moines by a m Saturday but the weather bureau said this was about bot tom here for the current cold spell Fridays high reading in the state was 34 at Council Bluffs DCS Moines had 24 Snow was reported in most parts of the state The outlook was for continued cold Saturday and Saturday night except that it was expected lo become warmer in the extreme west portion Sat urday night The cold was accompanied by moderalely strong winds which were expected to diminish later in the day Trips Without Scratch in European Service AT AN AMERICAN BOMBER STATION IN BRITAIN though one wing was almost sev ered in ablazing battle over the North sea the flying fortress Sunrise Serenade has re turned safely from Us 13th foray Officers Pete Reeves and At Fiorine made the arrest and booked youiifr Webb a great treat grandson of Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt on charges of desertion of and escape from an army post He was arrested while military police searched the air base on the theory Webb had not left the res ervation Webb was arrested at a m PWT approximately 12 hours after his escape Police learned Webb had walked the 10 miles from the air base to the outskirts of Reno and had taken a taxicab from there into town He registered at the hotel as Bill Dcnton and told the clerk he could not sl02p at home Ten min utes later he was arrested Webb had walked down Renos main street past a gambling club where activity was lively and into the hotel He was ar rested IB minutes after signing the hotel register as Mr Den ton police said Asked his name he replied L Webb He had nothing else to say Army officers arrived shortly E Davies former ambassador to Ihc soviet union said Saturday the big four of the united nations should sign formal treaties or agreements foicontrol of the post war world In a speech lo the Metropolitan Opera guild and victory commit tee Davies said We must not fail to organize peace so lhat it cannot again be smashed by aggressor bandit nations who run amuck rule or ruin their neighbors and destroy the peaec of the commun ity of Ihis shrunken world That is the first job lo be done Clearly if it is to be done it must be done by an agreement a contract or treaty by the foui great Russia the British commonwealth and our bore the brunt of the fighting Davies said differences in ideal ogies and political systems should constitute no barrier to sucl agreements The controlling queslion is HIGH MILITARY CHIEFS CONFER Congratulations Pour in After Promise by Roosevelt of Invasions WASHINGTON Roosevelt followed tip his promise of actual invasions of Europe and blows against the Japanese homeland with a conference at the white house Saturday with top military leaders Admiral William D Leahy his chief of staff General George C Marshall army chief of staff and Admiral Ernest J King fleet commander in chief called even as telegrams by the score poured in congratulating the president for simple one we have his assurance Friday night that confidence that they will keep this NEW RUSS TRAP SNAPPNG SHUT NEAR AZOV SEA Series of Victory Bulletins Is Issued by Soviet Command By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor The pace of disaster quickeiierf iVAdolf Hitlers invasion armies threatening to surpass IfiHM debacle at Stalingrad as sovwU columns raced 30 miles sou3jgtpward the Sea of Azov and leftfonjy a 70 mile wide escape for upwards oJ 500000 contract over Euro tpe YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum FIRE AT FIRE STATION GRANTS PASS Ore fire departments chimney burned out the department out fighting a chimney fire It made 12 previous raids with out a scratch Returning from Germany where First Lieut Dale Shaffer of Decatur 111 the pilot said the Serenader fought everything the luftwaffc had going into the tar get the fortress lagged behind her formation to protect a crip pled sister Enemy fighters attacked the Screnadcr and Turret Gunner Technical Sergeant W F Clen clcncn of Troy Iowa sent one down in flames All controls of the Sercmiders No 4 engine were shot away and oil lines to both starboard en gines were severed I shoved the superchargers all the way forward fathered No 4 engine and it was the happiest moment of my life when the Sei enader shot forward and back into formation Shaffer said The FockeWulf that did most of the damage to the plane was accounted for by Waist Gunner Technical Sergeant H W Arm strong of Beardstown 111 Previ ously Top Turret Gunner Tech nical Sergeant A G Nates of El gin III had shot down a Junk ers 88 The No 3 engine went out when the fortress was over the English coast arid the starboard wing had a queer bend to it Shaffer said adding that a can non shell tore through the main beam and it was just abou1 to fall off after the arrest but Webb was not turned over to them immediately Police said that until the army had proved Webbs identity he was the city of Renos prisoner Since he was notin unjlorm the local offi cers could detain whal reason it was not known great and decisive actions arc in store against the enemy He also gave assurance that lite united nations were in this war until they march in tri umph through the streets of Berlin Rome and Tokio and were determined that the nazi fascist or Japanese warlord form of government shall nev er again dominate a nation guaranteed postwar selfde termination The chief executive made these declarations Friday night in a radio address from the 20th annu1 States al dinner of the white house cor respondents association It was not break their word The point is that mutual understanding and trust between the soviet union and all the united nations is vital not only to victory but to peace he said Davies warned that enemy prop aganda is aimed at driving a wedge between others of the united nations and Russia by spreading rumors that a Russian victory would mean communism in the United States that Premier Josef Stalin would quil or lhal to help Stalin would simply be build ing him up to attack the United RECEIVES HUSBANDS Adelc il Wain Wright wife of Lt Gen Jonathan M Waimvright receives the oak leaf cluster awarded to her husband from Lt Gen Hugh A Drum in a ceremony in New York General Wain wright now a prisoner of the Japs commanded the Ameri can and Filipino forces on Bataan and CoiTcgidor after Gen Douglas JlacArlhuvs escape The cluster was award ed the general in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal 2 Soldiers Establish Letter Writing Service Known as Amour Inc FORT GREELY Alaska your line is rough and words come write that letter and shell never know With this slogan two soldiers established a confidential letter writing Inc for their Fort Grcely comrades I Their rates To an old love 25 ccnls to I someone youve never met 751 ccnls to a movie star SI grounds j for divorce letter lo wife SI10 letter to Tort Grcely sweetheart Uose Teed free of charge FRPromise of Drives Broadcast Throughout World WASHINGTON and enemies throughout the world Saturday heard President Koosevelts promise to bomb Japan this year to wage great offensives against the axis in both Asia and Europe and eventually to send powerful al lied armies marching trium phantly through the streets of Berlin Rose and Tokio All available shortwave stations began broadcasting his radio ad dress shortly after he delivered it to the annual dinner of the white house correspondents as sociation The rebroadcasts in more lhan 20 languages will continue throughout the week end as a message of cheer to friends of the united nations in subjugated countries and as a harbinger of doom to the axis Farm Employment at Lowest Point Since Records Began in 24 em ployment on Feb 1 was the low est for that date since 1924 when the agriculture department began compiling such information the department reported Friday Employment was estimaled at 8369000 including GG380QO fam ily workers and 1731000 hired hands The number of hired hands was 8 per ccnl less than a year ago with the greatest decline in the midwest Little change was seen in the number of family workers Secretary Wickard has said that agriculture would need more than 12000000 workers when op erations reach a peak next sum mer axis soldiers ThetCBS correspondent in Moscow said the Germans were reported settinjr fireto the en tire city of Rostov gateway to the Caucasus W Simultaneously the British radio declared Rostov is being rapidly envel oped and the Germans who were driven out of Shakhty 45 miles to the northeast did not retreat to ward Rostov but arc attempting to act away to the westward One report said Russian siege i guns were shelling Rostov from three sides and that the German arrison was putting up most itubborn resistance if Ncarlj200000 additional Ger man troops and their satellites were reported fighting for their lives in the western Caucasus Dinner against a narrow coastal strip below Rostov In a series of victory bulletins the Russian command announced the capture of eight strategic cities and towns including the key rail center of Krasnodar in theCau casus and declared that waves of desperate Greman counterattacks were crushed The crave new threat of 250000 Germans under virtual siege at his first war review since his Casablanca unconditional sur render conference with Prime Minister Churchill He spoke of worldwide offen sives from that conference and of the developing battle of Tunisia with its expected heavy11 losses on the allied side in the attempt to push the enemy into the sea and open the way for what he called invasions he used the will be constant and unrelent ing The amazing Russian arm ies in the east have been deliv ering overpowering bloxvs must do likewise in the west The enemy must be hit and hit hard from so many directions that he never knows which is his bow and which is his stern As for the Pacific zone the plural of continent the European V S ARMY doesnt like its pri vates masquerading as officers so Pvt Jacob L Webb descen dant of Commodore Vanderbilt and son of millionaire New Yorkers is in trouble He was arrested in Reno Nev and of ficers said he was wearing the uniform of and impersonating V S army air corps captain lie is pictured with Lcnorc Lcmtnon leader of cafe society after their 1841 elopement PROTEST NUDIST CAMP ROCK ISLAND 111 testing reported plans to set up a nudist camp on a farm near An dalusia 111 residents of that Mississippi river community are planning to petition States At torney Francis C King and the Roock Island county board of su pervisors to take its establishment action to stop Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy BOMB JAPS ON MUNDA 3 TIMES Marks 63rd Raid on Base Since Nov 23 WASHINGTON United States planes bombed the Japa nese air base at Munda in the central Solomons three times Fri day the navy announced Satur day destroying a gun position and starting fires These attacks raised to 63 the total made 01 Munda since Nov 23 when they started Considerably more thai 100 raids have been made agaim thol and oihcr bases in the cen tral Solomons area Re described the whole world today as one neighborhood and said unless the peace that follows this war this and does justice to the human race the germs of another World war remain as a constant threat to mankind On the home front the presi dent said that on his African journey he had told American soldiers pressed concern over reports of soldiers and sailors who had ex labor troubles and rationing com plainls at home that most of these reports were just gross exag gerations and that the people as a whole were only loo willing o Rive xip shoes and sugar and cof fee and automobile privileges and profits for the sake of the common cause He said he lold them however there a few chisclcrs a few politicians and a few publicists fortunately a very had placed personal ambition or j president spoke of the recently concluded battle in the Solomons and declared We do not expect lo spend Ihe lime il would take lo bring Japan to final defeat merely by inching our way forward from island to island across the vast expanse of the Pacific He continued Great and aclions against the Japanese will be tak en lo drive Ihc invader from Ihc soil of China Important aclions will be taken in the skies over over Japan itself The discussions at Casablanca have been continued in Chung king with the bv General Arnold and have resulted in definite plans for offensive op crations There are many roads which lead risht o Tokio We shall neglect none of them greed esls above the nations inter The president rcemphasizcd the Atlantic Charters pledge of selfdeterminalion for all nations after the war and declared Frenchmen were uniting to strike a blow for liberation sovereignty rests with the people of France he asserted renewal of allied promises to interfere in French poli Roslov and to another quarter mil lion nazis in Ihe Donets Basin de veloped when ColGen Nikolai F Valulins central Don armies planted the red flag at Kradnoar meisk only TO miles from the north shore of Ihe sea of Azov In rccocnilion of his brilliant exploils Vatutin was promoted to a full cencral V Other points reclaimed from She invaders included Voroshilovsk in Ihc Donels Basin Krivyanskaya and Shakhty northeast of Rostov and Timoshcvsk Novolitarovsk and Dinskaya in the western Cau casus BRITISH HEAVV GUNS POUND ROMMEL FORCES On the North African front British headquarters renorled that Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys big guns pounded Field Marshal Erwiri Rommels forces in the southern Tunisia coastal region below the Marelh line while Brit ish eighth army patrols fought axis armored cars farther south Bad wcutlicr continued lo hamper operations and there still no indication lhat Gen eral Montgomery had launched his hie tuish acainst the Marclh fortifications 60 miles inside Tunisia if if if General Montgomerys northern wing was last reported operating east of Ben Gardanc 20 miles in side the Tunisian frontier An Algiers radio broadcast re ported that Rommels troops had been forced to evacuate many po sitions in southern Tunisia in spite of the fact that these posi tions were protected by a screen of heavy tanks On the western flank of tha 300milclong axis corridor Gen Dwight Eisenhowers head quarters reported that allied troops beat off an axis attack in the hills cast of Ousscltia about 75 miles below Tunis Describing the struggle for Tu nisia as one of the major bat tles of the war he said that while the axis had maintained its supply lines at great cost Hitler had been willing to pay that cost for he knows the consequences of allied victory in Tunisia Those consequences he said arc actual invasions of the continent of Europe IVe do not disguise our intention to make these invasions The pressure on Germany and Ilaly tics Then No nation in all the world that is free to make a choice is going to set itself up under the fascist form of government or the nazi form of government or the Japa nese warlord form of govern ment The president added that the right of selfdetermination in cluded in the Atlantic Charter does not carry with it Ihe right of any government to commit wholesale murder or the right to make slaves of its own people o of any other peoples in world Heavy rains snow and murf major operations how ever as General Eisenhower marshaled his forces for a cli mactic offensive which both President Roosevelt and War Secretary Stimson had indicated is near Front line dispatches said the Germans were throwing lavish quantities of their newest weap ons into the Tunisian operations including monster new Mark VI lanks weighing 52 to 62 tons and latestdesign planes rushed Irom nazi aircraft factories Meanwhile London newspapers played up President Roosevelts promise of aclual invasions ot L Europe once the Tunisian cam thcjpuisn ended and his assurance lhal allied troops will march in i 9ii ;