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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 13, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home 3 1 0 F I y 1 I iL 3 I A VOL XXXIX FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE THE NEWSPAPEK THAT MAKES ALT NORTH IOWANS KEIGHBQBS HOME EDITION MONDAY FEBRUARY 13 Struggle in Modern Life Something Must Be Done to Smooth Rough Spots THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 112 This Is the fifth article In a series In which Prof William Fielding Ogburn of the Univer sity of Chicago discusses what lie considers the 10 biggest problems facing America By WILLIAM FIELDING OGBUKN Written for The Associated Press Something should be done to ease the rough spots of life for us The stress must be great Other wise one out of 20 boys and girls of high school age would not at some time in their life go insane and be placed in an insane asylum Otherwise there wouldnt be so many of us nervous with morbid fears and anxieties Otherwise there wouldnt be so many crimes com 16 a 1000 urban population a year Otherwise the suicide rate would not be increasing There are many troubles in this vale of tears But there seems to be a peculiar group that arises he cause our human nature doesnt ad just very well to the psychological requirements of modern civilization Human Nature and City Suppose a caveman should HOUSE DEFEATS TARIFF BOOSTING British Accept U S Debts WIN be brought to live in a modern city The rules and regulations would get on his nerves very probably The repetition in his jobs would tire him Temptation would get him in trouble The codes of moral con duct would be hard to live up to It is somewhat like this with modern man He is born with a cer tain biological nature not to roam the forests but to live in factories and cities in an ethical world Whether this analysis is right or not there is no dodging the fact that modern life places a strain on man The biological nature of man cannot be changed very well Nor Jo any but the egotistical or idealistic think civilization can be changed in a wholesale fashion Removing Lifes Friction But the points of greatest fric on dealt with The t may in houm of laiBr wJtSAteBiiJiCijdeof behavior or with Iwotljfht up as child or In the school system These frictions forma varied and intricate pattern out of which emerges an important problem with practical ways ol dealing with it The way man spends his leisure time would seem to be related to Turn to rape 2 Column 2 ALASKAN STORM COSTS 13 LIVES Ranking Bishop of Russian Orthodox Church for Area Dead DUTCH HARBOR Alaska Feb 13 persons among them Bishop Antonin ranking bish op of the Russian orthodox church in Alaska lost their lives belated reports here said in a terrific mid winter storm in which the small vessel Umnak Native was sunk in the Aleutians three weeks ago The small 59 foot vessel went down in a gale near Umnak island on Jan 24 the message said Three natives were saved Among those wflo perished were Capt Andrew Nelson former skip per of the anail motorship Eunice tho manter Captain Stankus his wife arid their infant child and a Russian priest at Umnak Mike Tutiakoss A storm swept the Aleu tians at that time residents here recalled today Umnalt Island be tween 50 and 75 miles west of here MDONALD SAYS ALL PROBLEMS TO BE TOUCHED Meeting at Washington to Be Forerunner to World Parley LONDON Feb 13 Minister MacDonald told the house of commons today that the debts discussion at Washington next month will range over the whole program outlined for the projectec world economic conference In an important statement to the house he accepted the wider scope for the debts conference declaring that the whole effort in those ne gotiations would be for a harmon ious approach to the problem with the United States He did not indicate that the Brit ish delegation which he probably will head would be empowered to make any definite decisions at Washington Siv Primary Subjects Economists who evolved a ten tative program for the world econ omic conference which is to be held sometimes this summer with Mr MacDonald presiding divided their detailed recommendations into six primary subjects for discussion at that meeting 1 Monetary and credit policy 2 Prices 3 Resumption ol the move ment of capital BeBfictlonR oicinterna tional trade 5 Tariff and treaty policy 6 Organization of production and trade Will the house have a general idea of what proposals the British governments intends to ask the United States to discuss George Lansbury floor leader of the labor party asked the prime minister j during the question period Drawn by Experts The agenda drawn up by the committee of experts preparing for the world economic conference cov ers the field Mr MacDonald re plied Mr Lansbury persisted This Is very important Will the house and the country be given any idea of the British proposals on the war debts It has been stated again and again said the prime minister that as far as war debts are con cerned we want an agreement with America which will enable us to pursue our European policy Entitled to Know The labor leader continued to press him Surely he said the commons and the country are entitled to ask Lincoln Called Symbol of Democracy by Shambaugh for a clear statement of the lines of the policy on war debts The speaker intervened at this point and brought the cross exam ination to an end Earlier in the session Mr Mac Donald said that the object of the Washington discussions would be to get into close personal touch with the United States government so that harmonious progress could be made Iowa Assembly Iowa U Professor in Joint Session DES MOINES Feb 13 Abraham Lincoln has become th symbol of democracy and the spir itual reality to America and to th world of the truth that all men an created equal Prof B F Sham baugh of the University of Iowa said in a tribute for delivery before a joint session of the Iowa genera assembly today The Rev E G Williams of Des Molnes delivered the invocation ant the orchestra from the Vinton school for the blind played severa selections at the opening of anc during the joint session Professor Shambaugh superin teudent of the Iowa State Histori cal society and state chairman for Iowa of the United States Histori cal society asserted that Each Writer Different There are as many Abraham Lincolns as there are writers who have written books and stories and plays about him as many Abra ham Lincolns as there are states men who emulate him and politi cians who invoke his name as many Abraham Lincolns as there are plain and every one of whom has created a Lincoln after his own Image Lincoln so lived and thought and spoke and acted Professor Shambaugh said that not only his own people but the people of all the world have come to regard him as one of the intellectual and mora giants notalone of the nineteenth century but of all the centuries Human luilnfS back of features beyond those dreamful grey eyes there was a personality so unique so gifted so human and at the same time so mysterious and fath omless that it is difficult to talk or write about it without using the language of the gods As a state legislator Lincoln did not rise above the rank and routine politician At first he xvas regarded as a sort of nonentity in home spun But he was honest that is le kept his promises and stood by his announced convictions When urged to trade his vote he replied you will never get me to support a measure which I believe to ba ivrong although by doing so I may accomplish that which I believe to be right Always Temperamental Always temperamental Lin colns moods were shifting and con tradictory y solemn He could be immense tenderly grave quizzi cally humorous and flatly comical1 could be sad he could silent melancholy be jolly pleasant AUNT HET By Robert Quillen I aint complainin Im due to have just so many colds anyway an Im glad to have it while the weather aint fit to be out in Cedar Rapids Man Believed Kidnaped Is Safe in Illinois CEDAR RAPIDS Feb 13 Mrs Ralph M West said today that her nephew Roy Pugh 31 believed kidnaped had communicated with her through friends She said her information was that Pugh is in Illinois and apparently safe Authorities Saturday night had expressed the belief Pugh might have been abducted by persons against whom he testified in a grand jury investigation of liquor Iiw violations Someone Had to Have His Joke With Police CHICAGO Feb 13 somebody thought the police didnt have much to do He phoned and complained that loud talk at an apartment party was disturbing his slumbers The police found 35 par sons at the party but no noise Sain Mrs Ruth Brown the hostess Somebodys kidding you guest here is a deaf mute Every even rollicking But in him abys mal sadness and melancholy were redeemed by abnormal gaiety and n i r t h black despondency and loisterous humor following one an other like cloud and sunshine in a day of doubtful storm At times us calm quietude was appalling us humility always amazing Nor was he free from supersition He iclieved in dreams he feared that 10 would meet some terrible end could not have been wholly un aware that tragic drama followed him everywhere He had a sense of honor that was both profound and peculiar His devotion to what he thought was right was almost unbeliev able Was Deeply Religious Lincoln was deeply religious but his religion defies analysis He was of his one way of thinking He subscribed to no creed joined no church One one occasion he defended the idea of universal sal vation It was indeed a strange new president of the United States who in February 1861 under cover of secrecy entered Washington It was almost unbelievable but it was true Lincoln of the log cabin was about to enter the white house Lincoln the boy of the wilderness had become Lincoln the man of destiny Lincoln the dreamer had become Lincoln the man of action Lincoln the politician had become Lincoln the statesman Lincoln the humbled had become Lincoln the mighty Council Bluffs Pilot in Serious Condition COUNCIL BLUFFS Feb 13 Edwards was still in a condition today after the plane the 28 year old student avia or was piloting crashed near here its motor went dead STOPS FORECLOSURES GOV CHA11LES W BRYAN Nebraska Chief Asks Suspension of Foreclosures ers to Wait Until Longress Can Act LINCOLN Nebr Feb 13 Gov Charles W Bryan today issued an emergency proclamation cal ling upon farm and home mortgage owners to suspend all mortgage foreclosures until the state board of conciliation the legislature and congress can act The governors board to mediate between farm creditors and debt ors now is organizing local advis ory committees and this week the Nebraska house of representatives will debate a mortgage moratorium icasure Confined to Bed Still confined to bed with heart disease Governor Bryan issued his brief proclamation through his sec retary It read In view of the unusual economic condition in Nebraska due to the ow price of agricultural products vhich is causing a large number of mortgages to be foreclosed on farms homes and personal prop erty I recently appointed a state board of conciliation that will in my judgment be able to satisfac torily settle all disputes between debtor and creditor Take But Few Days While that board is completing ts statewide organization that will ake but a few days and pending the enactment by the legislature of an effective mortgage respite or moratorium act I proclaim that an emergency exists and I call upon all owners nd holders of mortgages on Ne braska farms and homes to sus pend all foreclosures and forced sales and to withhold all court pro ceedings of every nature until the board of conciliation completes its organization and until the legisla ure and congress can act JAPANESE DEFY LEAGUE INTEND TO STAND PAT China to Break Tokio Relations If Jehol Drive Starts By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soon after Japan informed the league of nations Monday that it was adamant in its determination to preserve the Manchukuo govern ment in Manchuria a spokesman for the Chinese national govern ment hinted that the Chinese min ister to Tokio would be withdrawn in the event the Japanese started a drive in the adjoining Chinese pro vince Jehol The Chinese spokesman T V Soong acting premier and finance minister said he did not see the use of keeping a minister in Tokio if there should be a drive on Jehol as obviously diplomatic measures would be of no avail He replied this matter is of no consequence when asked if China were likely to declare war on Japan but added any attack on Jehol would be just like an attack on Nankingand would be met by the force of the entire nation Drafts Recommendation The league which has drafted a recommendation that member na tions refuse to recognize Manchu kuo had requested Japans views on a proposal to discontinue that ETPVernment forces resisting a Japanese offen sive into Jehol province were hare pressed jn the vicinity of the city of Chaoyang Seven thousand Japa nese troops were reported concen trating on tho east Jehol battle front Fears that Japan was on the verge of excommunication from the league caused a heavy slump in the Tokio stock exchange A foreign office spokesman said he believed Japans withdrawal from the league was a foregone conclusion Claims U S Involved American aid to China was in volved in the recent removal of Chinese art treasures from Peiplng a Japanese official spokesman said He claimed the treasures from the ancient capital were transported to southern cities as security for an American loan of about S12000000 Tiie Japanese spokesman for the Manchukuo government voiced a hreat to slam the open door of Manchuria in the worlds face if the powers attempt to outlaw Tapan We can feed ourselves In lefinltely without help he said Chinese sorietv women were giv ng un social functions In an at temnt to complete the sewing of 30000 padded suits within the next few days for Chinese troops in the cold northern mountain regions MORE RESPONSIBLE Will Rogers BEVERLY HLLS Cal Feb league told Japan to get out of Manchuria and Japan says Yeah The league suggested that wet nursing of it be turned over to America and Russia Neither one belongs to the league Thats like a policeman turning a des perate criminal over to a couple of civilians and telling em here you watch this fellow I am busy Europe must sit up at night just thinking of ways to get us in worse than we are if possible When Russia is ready she will go down and look after Man churia without our aid Yours WILL ROGERS Copyrlcht 1633 JlcNuusht Synrtlcals NANKING China Feb 13 Vs a result of the report of a sub committee of the league of nations concerning the Manchurinn sitim ion China considers that the eagues responsibility in the Slno apanese dispute has been increas ed a nationalist government spokes man commenting on the report said today A report drawn up by the sub committee of the league Saturday strongly criticized Japanese policy in Manchuria and recommended among other things that league I Tarn to TAKC 2 Column 4 BRITISH MARSHAL DIES LONDON Feb IS Marshal Sir Wllllum Robertson chief of staff of the British army luring three years of the World war died suddenly yes terday nt tho age of 75 Sir William had the unique uiBfinc tion ot being the only man In British history to rise from the ranks to receive a field mar shals baton Colorado Kidnap Gang Calls for Ransom Boettcher Denver Friend o Lindbergh Abducted From His Car DENVER Colo Feb 13 T Charles Boettcher n scion of wealthy pioneer Colorado family was held by kidnapers for a pur ported ransom today Two masked men accosting the 31 year old heir and his wife at the garage as they returned from a party at midnight herded them into an upstairs room of their home handed Mrs Boettcher a ransom note and departed with her husband in a motorcar Detectives and police swarmed to he house and started a search for Boettcher a friend of Col Charles A Lindbergh The officers an nounced that they were told a watchman on the grounds was in formed of the kidnaping shortly after it happened but after an in vestigation decided nothing was amiss Stopped by Motorist Police said the watchman whom they identified only as Stephens re ceived his information from a cook n a neighboring home who related to detectives she and a man friend ivere stopped by a motorist who said he feared a robbery or a kid naping was taking place Investigators said the kidnapers loth armed remarked to Mrs Boettcher when she was handed the demand Give this to Claude and dont read it Hell know what to do Claude is Boett Campbell Friend of King George Dead LONDON Feb 13 Sir Henry Hervey Campbell close friend of King George died today He was 67 years old Sir Henry and the king were midshipmen together on the warship Canada in 1883 and 1884 Puzzles Just Cant Faze Young Richard CHICAGO Feb Richard Mullikin spent hours on one of those twisted nnil trick being to get the two nails apart They couldnt do it Then Richard aged 3 took them apart in a jiffy and promptly swallowed one A doctor took it out of Richard and said hed be all right Turh o Pnfto Z Column 8 Holdup Men Dont Count With Anton When Hes Driving CHICAGO Feb 13 Dedtic was in no mood to trifle as he laboriously piloted his ailing automobile along one of Chicagos snow covered streets Just when his progress was most difficult a youth leaped on the running board and announced This is a stickup Deduc looked up greatly an noyed Shoot he shouted The would be holdup man gaped and fled shaking his head Vote to Give More Power to Governor Tax Cutting Measures Rushed Through in Both Houses DES MOINES Feb 13 UP Broad powers would be given the governor to reduce departmental expenses below legislative appro priation when revenues decrease below the appropriation under a bill passed today by a 94 to 0 vote in the house The measure sponsored by the appropriations committee further provides that the reductions must oe uniformly and by the same per centage as the decrease in revenues below the original estimate The bill was passed without de bate and was drafted in the inter ests of economy and in view of de creased revenues which have been confronting the state Would Abolish Jobs The positions for 4674 PARTY CLASH BY 212T0174VOTE Bankruptcy Reform Bill Limited to Individual and Farm Debts WASHINGTON Feb 13 The tariff boostingattempt of house republicans was squelched to day by a 212 to 174 vote against takingup legislation to raise levies to offset the effect of depreciated foreign currencies The votes onesidednesg was at tributed to the recent democratic caucus in which ail members were bound to vote down the proposal The republican minority in the house earlier had put itself on rec ord for increases and 145 members had signed a petition compelling the vote today Only 3 Democrats Only three or Washington Martin of Oregon and trcasurers would be abolished dor the provisions of a bill passed by the state senate The vote on the measure another of the interim tax reduction com mittee bills was 27 to 20 It provides that the positions of school treasurers be discontinued and that county treasurers act in that capacity All warrants author ized by the school board would be cleared through the county treas urers office Save Severn Thousand Members ot the tax reduction committee estimated that the bill would save severe thousand dollars Connery of Massachusetfs left party ranks to vote with the mi school no2ty Fifteen republicans and Kvale the farmerlaborlte voted with the democrats They were Amlie Christgau Gilchrist Guyer Hoch Hope Morton D Hull La Guardia Lambertson Mcgugin Nelson of Wisconsin Peavey in rthejcostofbonflf for the school In the lengthy discussion mem bers of the senate questioned whether the savings thus effected would be more than the pay for ex tra help which might be needed i the county treasurers office The only other measure passed the senate in its morning sessior would repeal duplicate provisions of the code regarding appropriations of public funds 3 Measures Passed Three measures requested by the itate insurance department and iponsored by the committee on in iiirance were passed in the house One would require insurance com anies selling insurance by radio or etter to make payment of 1 per ent on the gross business of all ollcies written in Iowa if the tax s not paid in any other state The second bill would give the tate department the right to ex mine reciprocal and interinsurance ompanies except county mutuals hile the third is a measure to larify the law relating to group isks Would Shorten Recess The customary spring legislative eccss would be considerably short ned this year under a resolution doptecl by a 49 to 47 vote In the ouse today As introduced by Representative IcFarlane of Black Hawk the rea lution calls for a recess from Feb 4 to March 6 at 2 p m Represcn atlve Sours of Floyd offered an Schneider Sparks and Stafford The issue was brought up through a discharge petition signed by 145 members to take from the ways and means committee the Crowther bill for automatic increases to off set cheapened foreign money A re publican conference has indorsed the principle of the legislation and a democratic caucus bad agreed to block St s 20 Minute Only 20 minutes of allowed on the discharge motion preceding a roll call vote The action of the house and sen ate debate on the war department appropriations both were preceded by Lincoln memorial addresses Sen ator Smoot of Utah told his col leagues that the heritage of lib erty which Lincoln preserved and handed down to us is scorned as a priceless heirloom in the hands of yokels In the house Representative Beck R Penn said popular govern ment was In serious danger The senate expected to pass the war bill toilay making way for de bate on prohibition repeal This romises to be extensive because or declaration of dry members that hey will speak at great length in an attempt to defeat the repeal re oiution Bankruptcy Reform The ambitious undertaking of tile enatc finance committee to gather he views of Americas leading men n ways and means of getting out f the economic slump opened this norning with Bernard Baruch the inancicr on the stand He advo ated a program of worldwide bal inced budgets and sound money The bankruptcy reform bill was pproved today by the senate judi iary committee after it had been tripped of all provisions applying o railroads and corporations and tmde to apply only to individuals nd farm debtors This reduction mendment calling the legislators I was made to give it a chance of ack March 2 passing this session Rural members rallied to the upport of the amendment in the ope of adjourning earlier in April jit was carried by a vote of 53 to The resolution now goes to the senate for concurrence and a lively fight is anticipated in the upper body on the shortening of a recess Other House Bills Other bills passed in the lower branch included By the tax reduction committee requiring reimbursement to school districts of such amount of taxes as lost through tax exempt lands with in the district By Ellsworth making drafts Is sued prior to the closing of a bank preferred claims against the Insti tution By Hopp requiring that 20 in stead of 10 per cent of the contract price on public works be retainer Continued From PQKB 1 Snow in Store for Iowa With Same Temperature DES MOINES Feb 13 north east sections10 above in the low hnnii 41 Ill Llll Snow possibly heavy times was in store for lowans today and to morrow the weather bureau pre dicted Little change in tempera ture is anticipated The shippers forecast for tonight was 5 above in the northwest and southwest and 12 above in the southeast Des Moines was the warmest spot in the state yesterday with a max imum of 39 while the coldest last night was Charles City where the mercury dropped to 0 above Chairman Byrns of the house ap proprlatibns committee before start ing the conference with the senate managers on tho treosurypostoffice which carries economy legisla bill tion said he was convinced that If we ever want any real consolida tions and elimination of bureaus and agencies we will have to give the power to the chief executive IOWA WEATHER Snow probable tonight and Tuesday Possibly heavy at times No decided change in temperature LOCAL STATISTICS American Beet Sugar company weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morn Ing Maximum 34 Minimum In Night 5 At 8 A M i Snowfall Trace Figures for 24 hour period end ing at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 14 Minimum In Night z At 8 A M 8 Snowfall Trace North Iowa enjoyed respite from the subzero weather over the weekend ;