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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 12, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSPAMft THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS H 11 G N 0 K S VOL LVU Associated fiva United Preai Tull Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 12 1951 This Paper Consists of Two One HOME EDITION IfflELT lit Chinese Drive Wedge in Central Front One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor State Over Man or Man Over State be visiting with you today on this subject if I didnt have a good editor in Michigan Hes Carl M Saunders of the Jackson Citizen Patriot one of the ablest and best known journalists of the middle west Mr Saunders not only sug gested the subject for this com mentary but the little book which came along with his letter pro vided me with the subject matter itself My visit with you is going to take the form of a review of the book titled The Key to Peace which came off the Heritage Press on Feb 1 Despite its title wrote Mr Saunders in his little personal note the volume deals wholly with the internal affairs of the United States except as it com pares our governmental system with European systems The author Dean Clarence Manion of the college of law at Notre Dame university has reached down and located the tap root of our liberties while cleav ing away the sucker parasitic growths of recent years Do me the favor Mr Saund ers continued of reading The Key to Peace It is a small book 116 youll find it hard to lay aside once youre in it Then Id appreciate knowing your reaction This Is His Report So in a sense in the preparation of this commentary I was com plying with this final request from my Michigan friend to have my reaction And in doing so Il be using upwards of 2000 words to say little that nol nearly as Norman Vin cent Peale the eminent clergy man stated in these 3 brief sen tences The author emphasizes that our free institutions rest upon the religious conviction that every in dividual is a child of God and therefore is of supreme worth Dean Manions book gives the one certain method for making free dom strong in our timeIt is one of the greatest books of all my reading experience and I com mend it to every patriotic man and woman The Notre Dame educator whose writings and addresses on Americanism won for him the muchcoveted Freedom Award last year proceeds in his book from the fundamental premise that in our world today there are just two kinds of government One puts man above the state the other puts the state above man Free U S vs Red Russia Democrats Republicans Honor Lincolns Birth Washington UR Democrats and republicans celebrated the 142nd anniversary of Abraham Lincolns birth Monday with re publicans pot shooting at Presi dent Trumans domestic and for eign policies Mr Truman planned to attend special ceremonies at the Lincoln Memorial here with Mrs Truman Hundreds of other ceremonies were scheduled throughout the country The republicans booked 50 speak ers including Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York the partys titular head at more than 150 meetings were only Dart of the 2000 scheduled by he G 0 P this month to pro mote its political fortunes Republican National Chairman Juy G Gabrielson set the tone of he republican observances Sun day Our country again is in dan ger he said as it was when Lincoln took the helm as the 1st republican president And like him the republican party of to day is dedicated to the cause of freedom and its preservation G O P Confident Other G O P leaders joined Gabrielson in the confidence that voters will elect a republican pres ident in 1952 as well as return a republican controlled congress DiSalle Sees a New Rise Prices Parsons College Finds Authentic Lincoln Note Fairfield of another hand written letter by Abraham Lincoln was an nounced Monday by Parsons col lege on the 142nd anniversary of Lincolns birth The college said the letter or dered the promotion of Lewis B Parsons Jr son of the founder of Parsons college to the rank of brigadier general The letter dated March 9 1865 was found in a padlocked tin box containing personal pa pers of General Parsons The box was opened a few days ago college said the letter is in remarkably good condition It is addressed to the then secre tary of war Henry M Stanton and it reads Dear Sir I have long thought that Col Lewis B Parsons of the quarter masters department ought to be promoted and this impression has been deepened by his great success in the re cent matter of transporting troops from the west to the east Is there any legal obstacle in the way If not let the promotion be made at once fours truly Lincoln Parsons received the promotion and became head of all river and rail transportation for the union forces The actual promo tion however did not come through until May 11 1865 after Lincolns death in Washington V Di Salle the governments price di rector said Monday he expects the general price level to go up another 5 or 6 per cent or even more before some degree of stab ility is achieved probably about midsummer I am in complete disagreement with some of the economists who say that maybe in 5 months well have a 3point rise DiSalle said I think its going to be higher than that Id be tickled to death if by June or July we would begin to see some results of stability Im no optimist about what is going to happen New Headaches As DiSalle expressed this view m a copyrighted interview with the magazine U S News and World Report as growing dissat isfaction with progress of the economic stabilization program on the part of big segments of or ganized labor piled up new head aches for him and wage controls officials Among other things labor has been demanding a bigger voice in policy making Senator Maybank DS a white house caller Monday told reporters he had put in a word for farmer representation He said he suggested to President Truman that farmers should have repre sentation just as labor DiSalle indicated that his offica of price stabilization will move as rapidly as it can to supplant the initial price freeze at peak levels in the Dec 19Jan 25 period with specific regulations for each indus try At present he said there is a very real freeze but the longer we keep it that way the more some people are going to be hurt by it He added however that the time when most fieldscanbe covered by specific orders is 5 or 6 months away He said as he has before that he believes the most effective type of price control fair to both busi ness and consumers is one which It follows of course that Amer ica with its representative de mocracy is the foremost exemplar of the governmental principle which puts man above state By the same token communism would be thought of as the foremost ex emplar of the governmental prin ciple that puts state above man this to me is perhaps the most intriguing single fact about the book Key to communism isnt the only form of government possessed of a ten dency to deify the state The so cialism of Britain France and other countries also affronts the ideal of human dignity Dean Manion holds The class concept of society which is both the warp and the woof of socialism no less than of communism grew out of the French revolution in which the tyrannies and excesses of the royal house were merely trans ferred to a mob which referred to itself as the proletariat Under the French revolution concept there was to be an abso lute equality among men en forced by law Under the Ameri can plan however that equality is limited to the matter of oppor They stressed that their main job between now and the November 1352 elections is to tell the voters whats wrong with the Truman ad ministration They said that the nation is endangered by the presidents budget for the next fiscal year fumbling with important domestic and foreign problems softness to communists at home and abroad and a ten dency toward creeping social ism fixes profit margins He said he is thinking of allowing each indus try to pick its own profit margin based on some period before the outbreak of the Korean war and allow it to add that to its costs Rollbacks Seen At the same time he said he anticipates some pretty good rollbacks of prices in particular fields especially in basic materi als GlobeGazette photo by Musser NOT QUITE was almost shirtsleeve weather Sunday but not quite Everett Beisel 202 28th S W admitted that the sweater was comforting when he sat on his porch to read the paper tunity Were born equal theres realistic recognition but that1 the equality ends then and there Its a Sacred Right Witfl one or two highly debat able exceptions writes Dean Manion ours is the only country in the whole world in which the individual man holds substantial natural personal rights he can re quire everybody INCLUDING HIS GOVERNMENT to respect and observe is the goal for which the founding fathers risked their Jives their fortunes and their jacred honor in their fateful and deathless declaration of independ ence In emphasizing the classless attribute of our American form of government the author of Key to Peace offers this thought pro Yoking observation Not because he is a Jew Gentile white black consumer CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 But even while there was gen eral accord on most issues there were some splits too among the republicans notably on the roopsforEurope question Sen Robert A Taft ROrdo and ormer President Herbert Hoover lined up in one camp on relying on big sea and air forces Dewey Disagrees Dewey was on the other side disagreeing with Taft and Mr Hoover AndSen Wayne L Morse said he would support Gen Dwight D Eisen hower if he got the republican nomination for president in 1952 House Republican Leader Jo seph W Martin Jr Mass in a speech at Hagerstown Md Sun day said it was preposterous for Mr Truman to claim his bud get cannot be cut We have had sacred cow planes sacred cow policies and sacred cow appointees he said but this is the first time we DiSalle said his office has not yet been given authority to ration goods or have rationing books printed and he added Right at the moment supplies seem to be ample in all fields and we dont anticipate the need for that at the moment Meat might be the first item we would have some trouble with He said subsidies to producers may be advisable to keep down prices of a few commodities like copper but said that subsidies on food costs might involve some opposition on the Capitol hill DiSalle also appealed indirectly to industry to forego high profits in the effort to hold the price line I just hope that we can some way sell business generally on the1 idea that this is a good time to build up consumer relations he said that maybe they could change their prices a little bit and give the consumer the benefit of it rather than to give it to the gov ernment in the form of excess Spring Does 1Day Stand in Mason City The hottest news in Mason City Sunday was the temperature But those who thought shirtsleeve days were on the way got a cold awakeningMondaymorning The thermometer which reached 45 above Sunday for the warmest day of 1951 had cooled down to a windy IS at 8 a m Monday And it looked like more of the same for a while Midwest Shivers But while the midwest shiverec n new cold blasts that stretche rom the Canadian border to I inoisMissouri and Kansas low land dwellers in the usually mil Pacific northwest fled overflow ing rivers Below zero readings of 23 at Cu Bank Merit and 18 at Minot Dak were small potatoes com pared to the flood threat Washingtons Gov Arthur E Langlie declared an emergency i the western part of the state Serv icemenworked to strengthen dike along the Skagit river at Mt Ver non Wash Floods claimed 5 live in Idaho and 3 in British Col umbia U S Removes Price Ceilings From Many Rayr Farm Products profits taxes Labor dissatisfaction with the whole stabilization program had been smouldering for some time and came out openly over the weekend It seemed likely to play a part in the governments efforts to come up with a formula for un freezing wages RICHARDSON NAMED Washington Tru man nominated Seth W Richard son Monday to a 3year term as a member of the subversive ac have had a sacred cow budget Hivities control board 5000 Homeless More than 5000 persons were homeless and 50000 acres of rich farm land had been flooded And in Columbia Pa along the rampaging Susquehanna river water was rationed to 12000 fami lies as the result of an icejam that flooded the town And in Chicago already used to snarled traffic conditions 8 auto mobiles piled up within 5 min utes on an icy stretch of the Lake Shore drive Waukon Trucker Hurt by Flying Ice Chunk Riceville Kelly 26 of Waukon had 25 stitches taken in his face Saturday when an 18 pound chunk of frozen snow which was tossed by a snowplow crashed through the windshield of a gas truck he was driving near here REDS FREE 48 TANKS With the United Nations 9th Corps Korea UR Fortyeight American prisoners of war were released Saturday by the Chinese communist army a 9th corps spokesman announced He gave no further details Washington govern1 ment Monday removed price cei ings from sugar and from all farm products selling below par ity The latter eggs milk wheat and some to were exemp from control only when sold b the producer By the changed regulation ther are no controls now when they ar raw persons other than the producer But ceil ings remain on these produd when they are in processed form as for instance cheese The basic controls law forbid ceilings on farm products lowe than calculated pricede clared by law to be fair to farmer and consumers alike Along with its order exemptin sugar and some raw farm prod ucts the office of price stabiliza ion issued ceiling prices on green offee raw cocoa beans soy beans and soybean oil meal These ceilings fix the price a below which there may be rading on the exchanges They vill relieve a squeeze on coffee oasters who were caught between heir own price and in oming deliveries of green coffee t tigher cost The ceiling for green coffee on he New York coffee and sugar xchange is 555 cents a pound or raw cocoa beans on the New York cocoa exchange 38g cents pound These are the highest rices at which trading was done uringthe Dec 19Jan 25 period Soybean futures on the Chicago oard of trade were given a ceil ng of 333 a bushel a slight ollback from recent highs For ojbean oil meal a maximum of 74 a ton in bulk F O B de atur 111 was fixed COLLINS NOT SOLD Washington J Law on Collins army chief of staff aid Monday he has not been old on the need for heavy tanks ke Russias 57ton Stalin III BULLETIN OPPOSES CROSSING Minister Clement Attleeannounced Mon daythat the British government opposes another crossing of the 38th parallel in Korea until aft er full consultation in the UN 6 Red Divisions Open Corridor 7 Miles Deep By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo more than 100000 reds with fake surrenders white flags and handshakes Chinese and North Korean reds thrust a wedge 7 dangeroug miles deep into the allied central Korean front Monday isolating some Ameri can and South Korean units On the east coast latest American reports said a patrol of the South Korean Capital division advancing north ward ran into a red company al most on the 38th parallel and was forced back south after a fight less than a mile below the old po litical boundary Earlier South Korean official reports had credited the South Ko rean patrol with a 5mile pene tration into North Korea The American advisers report early Tuesday to 8th army headquarters said they never crossed the line at all Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Snow and colder Mon day night Slowly clearing and cold Tuesday Low Monday night 5 to 10 below High Tues day near 10 above Iowa Occasional snow and colder Monday night with low 5 below to 5 above north 5 to 15 above south Tuesday partly cloudy and continued cold with high 8 to 14 above northwest 15 to 25 southeast Further outlook Low Tuesday night 5 belowto 12 above Fair northwest cloudy with snow southeast Tuesday night and early Wednesday Fairj and cold Wednesday afternoon and night Minnesota Clearing and much colder Monday night Tuesday fair and cold Low Monday nigh 2025 below north zero to 10 below south High Tuesday zero to 10 below north zero to 1C above south SN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m 3 Big Meat Packers OK Wage Boost Des Moincs 1 100 C I O United Packing house union workers at the Iowa Packing Co here left work Monday morning to hold a meeting at which they voted to accept terms of a general wage agreement in the meat packing industry Their action has resulted in a shutdown of the plant until Wednesday morning Edward F Kadenabek company manager announced He said the calling of such a meeting during working hours was a violation of contract Chicago of the na ions 4 big meat packing com panies have agreed to a wage in crease of 9 cents an hour whicl s expected to be the pattern fo he entire industry The agreement subject to wag stabilization board approval was reached Sunday between Swift Armour and Cudahy and the O United Packinghouse Workers of America and between Armour and Swift and the A F L Amalgamated Meatcutters Wilson and company the 4th jig packer was not included ii either agreernent In accepting the terms th C I O union authorized its lead ership to take strike action if the agreement is not approved by thi WSB Tbte meatcutters did no consider strike action Instead they gave their negotiating com mittee authority to reach a settle ment without even submitting the matter to the rank and file mem ership A spokesman for the UPWA aid the fight now is with the vage stabilization board The agreement was expected to be sub mitted to the WSB Monday or Tuesday The new pay scale becomes ef fective as of Feb 9 provided the WSB approves it by March 25 The present wage rate ranges from an hour for laborers to an hour for skilled workers The two unions claim to repre sent about 90 per cent of the 225 000 workers in the nations pack ing industry Heretofore the terms reached between the unions and the major packers have been followed in contracts with the other companies The agreement includes Jaco E Decker and Sons of Mason Citj Armour affiliate which was rep at the wage conferenc y Art Costello president of th ocal union The local union WL iold a meeting Tuesday evenin o vote on the agreement Monday Feb 12 Maximum Minimum At 8 a m fEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 45 19 19 22 13 GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m unday Feb 11 Maximum 38 Minimum 14 At 8 a m 38 St Ansgar Man Burns to Death in Trailer Fire St Everson 75 burned to death in a fire in his trailer house in the north pan of town about 11 p m Sunday The fire department was called to fire near the John Deere im plement shop and it was a seeth ing mass of flames when the fire men arrived They succeeded in putting out the fire before the louse was destroyed but the heal was still so intense they could not get in for some minutes later When they got inside the charred remains of the aged man were found Officers thought he was overcome by gas and was un able to escape before the flames reached him Mr Everson lived alone He is two daughters and survived by wo sons They Laughed When He Flapped His Wings Modern Darius Green Makes His Flying Machine Work The savage red counterdrive in the mountainous central sector was launched Sunday midnight and pushed by an estimated 100 000 troops throughout Monday on a 30 mile wide front Reported Trapped Two American units of undis closed size were reported cut off north of Hoengsong They were fighting to crack enemy road blocks that extended two miles along the road south of them An American relief force was battling up from the south A South Ko rean regiment also was reported cut off northeast of Hoengsong That town is 55 air miles east of Seoul redheld former Korean capital UN troops were massed south of Seoul just across the Han river from the capital But a South Ko rean patrol that had made another probe into Seoul was forced out again late Monday by sharp enemy small arms fire Shortly before midnight Mon day reds charged south across the iceclogged Han river and at tacked U S 25th division elements in Seouls industrial suburb Yong dungpo AP Correspondent Wil liam C Barnard reported from that town that the attack was beaten back in about 15 minutes Chinese Friendly At the same time red artillery subjected the allies south of the Han to heavy fire from 120MM guns presumably Russianmade The critical position however was on the central front At one point on the central front ari American pattfdl reported Chinese who spoke English came up with white flags shook hands as if offering to surrender then cut loose with hand grenades American officers were striving desperately to rally the South Ko eans The reds were fighting handto iand with allied defenders in the y road center of Hoengsong Dne and a half miles south of Joengsong the communists had et up a road block A red column vas sweeping toward that area o cut the HoengsongWonju road Battle Confused Field dispatches said toe situa jtion was confused and serious The communist counteroffens typical maneuver launched at night with massive forces at the weak point threatened to wipe out the big allied gains of the past 18 days in the central sector On the western front the allies had swept Saturday into Seouls industrial suburb of Yongdungpo its big airport at Kimpo and its seaport of Inchon But the 4 or more allied divi sions massed around Seoul in the west and the South Koreans in side North Korea on the east coast could be forced to pull back for their lives unless the communist smash in central Korea is stopped On the central front the reds were attacking Hoengsong from 3 directions Hoengsong is 10 miles north of Wonju the road center where the U S 2nd division with rench support smashed an earlier red drive that permitted the al ies to launch their own offensive Jan 25 From Hoengsong 5 allied col umns had thrust from 6 to nearly 2 miles in a fanshaped drive west north and northeast of the own GainsWiped Out The red offensive wiped out most of these gains and threatened o crumple the whole center of the 50mile allied line across Korea Hoengsong 50 air miles east of Seoul is in rugged hill country vhere the terrain favors the en my The communists move along cy precipitous roads like moun ain goats but transport is dan erous for the mechanized allied orces The temperature had dipped to ero By BOB BYERS La Junta Colo UR Rolo S Ewers dreamed when he was a boy some 50 years ago of flying like a bird He tried what most boys have from the barn hay mow Of course that didnt work But he didnt give up And this past weekend at the age of 55 he attained the dream He flew like a bird using only his own muscle power and a homemade contraption he built for which seems to flap its wings He made the flight Saturday and sailed 150 yards at an al titude of 30 feet Only 20 persons were present He didnt call in the public for fear he would only land on his face as he had as a boy The wing which gives the im pression of a giant moth has a 30foot spread is constructed aircraft spruce ribbings covered with parachute nylon and has a makeshift cockpit in the center The secret of the flight Ewers explained is in the sponge rubber bands stretched between the wing roots directly beneath the pilot The operator can either stand when on the ground or lie face down in flight His arms are ex tended outward into fittings along the underside of the wing Power for gliding and for gain ing altitude is obtained by the pilot when he drops his body for ward on to the rubber bands The rubber bounces him back upright Each bounce adds power to the forward motion while the wings provide the gliding power In flight it appeared that Ewers was flapping his wings That he said was not quite the case The wing itself remained almost stationary as do those of a conventional airplane but his body and bouncing from the rubber bands made his body rise and fall above and below the wing level The thus far only flight was made with Ewers stand ing saddled in his wing behind an automobile with a tow rope attached to the wing As the car started slowly Ewers ran along for a short distance Suddenly his feet loft the ground and he was being towed if in a regular the car Then he began the bouncing motion turned loose of the rope and was in free flight The wing is guided by finger tip controls reaching to elevators on each end of the machine Ewers who runs a 100000 a year saw filing machine manufac turing company plans to license the business to someone else and devote full time to his new inven tion SAME BUck traffic In utt t ;