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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 12, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT HISTOB THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS EDITION Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Ifivt Cents Copyi SENATE VOTES FO PUT END TO FOOD SUBSIDIES But Administration Leaders Hope Roosevelt I Veto Will Be Sustained 4 Washington IP Administra ion leaders in congress expressed iew hope Saturday that an over whelming vote to end subsidies yill be nullified by a quick presi iential veto i The senate followed the lead of house in voting by a resound ing 43 to 28 majority late Friday jo cut off subsidy food price con Jvols but administration sup lortcrs were confident a piesi liSitial veto would be fovthcom ig and that it would be sustained VOne of them Senator Ellender piedicted subsidy pay Isnts would go on without in fruption I nave uo doubt that the prcs nt wHl direct that the subsidy figram be continued if his veto sustained Ellender said and think it is going to be sus ained He referred to the administra projected plan to pay out nbout in subsidy payments to farmers and food processors in 1944 to offset pro duction cost increases that other wise would be passed on to con sumers Meanwhile the senate version tcif the repealer representing a rebuke to the administra tions price stabilization policy on its way back to the house vhere Rep Wolcott ItMich predicted it would be accepted promptly The house meets Mon t The senate bill by Senator TjSankhead differs from Jjihe measure the house passed 278 117 3 months ago in that it Tjvould allow subsidy payments to Tjontinue until June 30 instead of cut off at once and carries rider directing federal agencies lo adjust milk prices upward to Ifefiect increased production costs Jan 1 1941 i Indications were that President Bftoosevelt would act speedily on I he bill once H reacheshim be it calls for extension of the Vonunodity c r edit corporation I7nose life otherwise would ex lre Feb 17 1 i The CCC atiissue the subsidy fight and if the ill is vetoedand the veto is up congress is expected to pass jirith dispatch another bill con Jinuing the agency to June 30 the date set in the Bank measure senates democratic ma split squarely on the Bank Iflad bill roll call 25 voting the administration and the number supporting the pres in his opposition to the Icg Iition Most of the democratic votes w ere riJSE of southern senators republicans voted irviainst subsidies and only 3 re publicans Senators Vandenberg and Ferguson both of Michigan and Doaher of Connecticut fa vored their continuance f Vandenberg however said he would be completely opposed to subsidies if they could be dealt with unrelated to any other in flationary factors Mr llii Abbott Comedian Is IjElected Sherman Oaks Mayor by Landslide Hollywood Cal Ab botl straight man of the Abbott and Costcllo comedy team be came mayor of suburban Sherman paks Saturday after defeating the incumbent Cliff Arquette bv a landslide Abbott polled votes 45 000 more than Arquette could Iynustcr in voting which was held a bonds for ballots basis Lou Cotsello Abbotts partner i said he voted for Arquette be cause I didnt like the hat Abbott tossed into the ring Weather Report FORECAST Slason City Fair and continued cold Saturday night Lowest temperature Saturday n i s h t about 5 below Sunday partly cloudy and considerably warm er Iowa Fair Saturday night Not quite so cold west and contin lied cold west portion Sunda increasing cloudiness I warmer Fair Saturday nu so cold west and not Sunday increasint and warmer 1 IN MASON CITY JfbeGazelte weather statistics flax Friday 0 Friday night 17 below cu B a m Saturday 17 below 2 p m Saturday 10 above I warmer I linnesota Fa n ft not quite so bPOrtion S i and ght mercury registered st temperature of the wi the inter Saturday morning when to 17 below Jlinus 4 350 V MASON CITY IOWA SATUBDAY FEBRUARY 12 1944 YANKS ADVANCE ON KWAJALE1N EXTEND While intense fires es on Idfr0n blaSted JaP defenSe 7Ul infantryman dvance on Kwajalem island under protective cover of a tank 450 Tons of Bombs Fall on Beleaguered Nippon Bases By aiORIUE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor The allies loosed a torrent of air and seaborne destruction on Japanese positions over a broad expanse of the Pacific to keep UD the unceasing assault on Nippons island empire Farranging warplanes cascaded more than 450 tons on enemy bases in the New Britain sector at Wake island and in the Marslmlls where an important enemyheld atoll was shelled by units of the U S Pa cific fleet In the most massive of the latest planeship attacks General Mac Arthurs bombers dropped 200 tons of explosives Wednes day on the Boraro airdrome and supply area of Ylewak 200 miles northwest of Madane to weaken farther the enemys crumbling defenses for northern New Guinea Anbtner 6Sf tons crasned down major Japanese ship ping center imperiled by allied of the Huon peninsula and juncture of Australian and American troops below Saidor 55 milessoutheast ot the port American flyers previously re ported the enemy apparently had abandoned1 the town of Madang Intensifying the sweeps over Kabaul the largest force of raid ers to come out from Solomons bases lushed ut Vunakanau and Tobera airdromes with 98 tons o bombs andshot down 20 lo 27 ot 50 enemy fighters Two of the 250 or more allied bombers and fighters failed toreturn from lhe New Britain mission Navy Coronado bombers pounced on little Wake island Thursday for the 2nd successive day but the results of the raid were not announced Not a Plane was lost in the 13th foray of the war against the former American possession in the central Pacific The 7th army airforce on the same day sent liberator heavies Mitchell mediums dauntless divebombers and warhawk fight ers to unload more than 100 tons of bombs and strafe atolls in the Marshalls The navys announcement unnamed ot warship participation in the series o attacks said only that lhe sur face units bombarded an import ant enemyheld atoll in the Mar shalls group without drawin turn fire There was news for the Nipponese in the Reuters dis re nna 13 ft UL ummuniuon uonse patch from Canberra capital of ay hmitation life of the quently the plant will not need Australia riprlnHno it v1 democratic national convention all its present workers However was interpreted Saturday by re the prospects for employment for publicans and some democrats as the persons laid off are eveclient a significant indication that lead according to E Lee Keyser DCS ers expect President Roosevelt lo Moines district war manpower di n Am inn t nrl Cm Aih Australia declaring it had been stated authoritatively there that British troops will join Australian and American forces in the south west Pacific before the end of the European war U S SUBS SINK 12 JAP SHIPS Into Supply Lines Washington Destruction of 12 more American Japanese vessels submarines was by nounced Friday by Secretary of the Navy Knox This is a pretty good bag of enemy ships sunk by our submar said in distributing a navy communique at a news con ference The sinkings bring to the number of Japanese ships sunk probably sunk or damaged bv sub marines since the war started In eluded in the pretty good bag were 3 transports 2 large tankers 6 freighters and a large auxiliary ship All were sent to the bottom in the Pacific and far east waters The sinkings cut still farther into the Japanese supply lines which have been trying to keep materials moving to enemy garri sons in the Pacific Knox reported that in many in stances Japanese garrisons left on scattered islands are dying of starvation He specifically re ferred to islands in the Marshall group in the midPacific where American occupation of Kwajalein has cut off several other enemy bases in the group and to Bougain ville saying thai lilllc food grows on those islands and they have to supply them Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ADMRAL STANDS AT MARINE GRAVESBarehead cd Admiral Chester W Nimitz commander of the U S I acitic fleet stands before the graves of marines killed in the battle for Kwajalem in the Marshall islands Sioux City Reports 23 Below Zero Des Muines mercury plunged to 23 below zero at Sioux City at 8 a jn Saturday to set a new cold weather mark for the winter in Iowa However the weather bureau forecast slightly warmer temper atures for the state Sunday The mercury dropped below zero everywhere in the stale Fri day night with Red Oaks 22 ranking next to Sioux City among the coldest places It was 21 below at Spencer and Carroll 19 at Fort Dodge and 18 at Perry and Mt Ayr Other low readings Mason City 17 Lamoni and Council Bluffs 16 Ames and Charles City 13 Ottumwa and Newton 12 Burlington 11 Des Moines 10 downtown 13 at air Clinton 10 Cedar Rapids and Iowa City 8 Davenport 8 and Dubuque 3 No additional snow was re ported during the 24 hours ended at 7 a m Saturday and skies were clear throughout the state Satur day morning KO lit Allied Warships Help Push Back New Attacks by Nazis L FINLAND HEARS DEMO SESSION TO OPEN JULY 19 F R Candidacy Seen F A n cel ol lhe Plan announced Sat F rom Uay Convention urday The war department has Des Moines Ordnance Plant Will Lay Off About 5000 Employes Des Moines T h c Des Moines ordnance plant will lay off about 5000 employes during February and March because the var department has accumulated so much small arms ammunition Maj E J Hill commanding offi Washington A prospective be nominated for a 4th term Because most conventions run longer an announcement by Chanman Robert E Hannegan that the democrats would meet in Chicago on Wednesday July 19 and probably would wind up that by the discounting any contest for Gurfiey ItS said he thought the Hannegan an nouncement made it appear that the president was giving his party duo notice of his inten tions now And asked Senator Nye RN Is there any reason why they shouldnt finish it in one But Senate Democratic Lcadcr Barklcy Ky told reporters he couldnt read any special signifi cance into a short meeting The wars on and we want to do a good job quickly he said Democratic conventions usually run about 5 days now that only a majority of votes is necessary for the presidential nomination When the twothirds rule was in force they often ran longer Hannegans announcement that the meeting will begin July 19 probably will seal a bargain by which the temporary structures built for lhe republican conven tion openingin Chicago June 26 will be left intact for the demo cratic meeting with the parties sharing some of those expenses Hannegan also announced the appointment of Paul Porter an assistant to Economic Stabiliza tion Director Fred M Vinson as publicity chief for the national committee Porter will succeed Charles Michelson veteran pub licist who asked lo be retired but wiH remain pacity in an advisorv PLANES ATTACK FRENCH COAST Continue to Blast at Mysterious Targets London formations of 4motorcd American liberators attacked mysterious German tar gets on the French invasion coast again Saturday in the 13th major operation by Britainbased United States strategic bombers within 1G days American mustang and thun derbolt fighters escorted the lib erators across the channel to the Pas de Calais coastal strip of France where unidentified nazi military objectives have been under persistent attack for 2 months For the 2nd straight day the iberators led the allied raiding fleet against France carrying the longest sustained offensive yet mounted by American planes in Britain well into its 3rd week The liberator attack on the same area Friday while flying for Lresses were smashing at Frank furt was bulwarked by American medium bombers and scores of other allied planes The weight of Saturdays attack was indicated by reports from the southeast coast that wave after wave of allied bombers swept out wer the channel by daylight after Sritish light bombers struck at central and western Germany dur ing the night cel lhe cut its orders for production ot this type ot ammunition Conse rector LAVAftRE QUITS COMMERCE POST Against Business Are Cited Washington ff William La Varre announced his resignation Saturday as chief of the Ameri can republics division of the de partment of commerce in protest against what he described as subversive activities against American business by the admin istrations foreign economic egen cies LaVarrc writer on Latin Amer ican affairs for many years has been chief of the division since April 1941 Saying he had no uuarrcl will Jesse Jones secretary of com merce or other officials of his own department LaVarrc direct Vice President Henry Wallace Leo Crowley chief of the offic of fo tion aide vate business economic administra id Blilo Perkins former both who now is in pr RENEWED TALKpaSiRSesnogrt FRONT DESPITE jfeH AMI OF PEACE MOVE Press Warns People to Keep Calm and Await Governments Steps Stockholm Sweden Re newed discussions of the possibil ity of peace rose in Finland Salur iay and the Finnish press warned lhe citizens to keep cool and wait lo sec what steps the government was preparing The Scandinavian Telegraph Bureau a Germancontrolled news agency reported that 18 trains were leaving Helsinki daily car iyitifr evacuees to summer holiday towns outside the city following the heavy Russian bombing of the capital Sunday night and a 2nd heavy attack on Kotka TO miles to the cast Thursday night Five hundred child refugees ar rived at Haparanda Sweden from Helsinki Dispatches from Helsinki said that an important political party and a workers newspaper had suggested that the Finnish gov ernment move at once to learn Russias peace terms The whole world knows that the Finnish people want peace as soon as possible on bearable con NAZI PRESSURE British Warships Join in Shelling Germans Attacking Beachhead BULLETIN London TPj 1rime Minister hm chill announced in a state ment from No 10 Downingstreet Saturday night that he had been assured by Sen Sir Henry Mail land Wilson and Gen Sir Harold Alexander that they had coiifi deuce that the great battle now which it did not identify dc Proceeding for the capture of strpyed the college of propaganda Rome ill be won adjacent to the pontificial villa in a raid earlier that day while a Allied Headquarters Algiers allied Mediterranean ommand charged Saturday that Pastel Gandolto site of Pope Pius Xlls summer farm contains a heavy saturation ot German forces and warned inforentially hat it would of necessity be bombed Castel Gandolfo site of lhe Dopes summer farm now lies in he battle area and contains a icavy saturation of G e r m a n forces a formal statement from ihe allied command said When ever vital enemy targets appear here they will of necessity be reported bombers Report 2 Finns Go to Stockholm in Crisis Over Peace Stockholm Inte rior Minister Leo Ehrnrooth and another highplaced Finn whose identity lias not yet been learned will arrive here from Helsinki by airplane Saturday afternoon iu jconnecUonyithUieSlnnisli peace crisis reliable sourcesreported ditions which guarantee our inde pendence the newspaper Arne terbladet was quoted Our ally that as well as the The jfexmession in favor of i by the parlia ittce of the Fin democratic party thd first action by any ot Fin lands major parties sinceU S Secretary of State Cordell Hull warned the country last week to get out of the war or take the consequences The conservatives and agrar ians have not met since Hulls statement but information here indicated it had taken effect on them One Helsinki correspondent said even the fascist Ikl partys wspaper had been f discn c statement respectfully The workers newspaper Arhe terbladet declared the Finnish claim Sng N0 CHANGES IN oombed The Vatican radio Thursday night that Rome dispatch of lhe German Transocean news agency con tended that 500 persons were killed in the attack The Vatican broadcast said the Vatican has not failed to express its remonstrance to those con cerned Hope Lincoln Birthday Bond Sales Will Give Badly Needed Boost Des lyioines fP State war fi nance officials said they hoped Lincolns birthday bond sales would give Iowa a muchnecdctl boost toward its SH7 000000 quota in the 4th war loan campaign which ends next Tuesday The latest Iowa report showed sales totaling cent of or 11 pel the quota Sales of E bonds which amounted to S32 900000 against a quota of S6G 000000 were only at the halfwaj mark Engineer Killed 11 Hurt in Rail Accident Ashjabula 6 An engineer was killed and 11 persons includ ing 8 passengers suffered injuries when and n ax dcrafie The record will showhe terbladet declared the Finnish wrote that the board of wait and see pol nomic warfare and now the Icy was no longer clever u rec 1Vi JIVJVk lilt J office of foreign economic admin istration usurping the adminis tration of projects which congress originally delegated to the do partment of commerce under the 1 our guise of a war necessity hiiveic ltlo been waging a secret war not against our national enemies so much as against American busi nessmen and the export indus tries of the United Slates x x x Throughout these months of my service in Washington I have observed a definite scheme for wrecking all American private enterprise aiid personal initiative in interAmerican in fact inter national commerce and substi tuting the soviet form of slate owned commerce The letter dated Feb S was addressed to Senator Byrd D Va and asked the senators ad vice on the form and manner of his resignation The resignation itself dated the ncvl day was made effective Feb 15 and the department of commerce reported Saturday that LaVnrre was on terminal leave Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazctlc carrier boy The APs 16Page Tax Primer Is Presented as a Supple men f to This Newspaper In it Youll Find the Answer to Most of Your Federal Income Tax Questions This Is a Booklet Youll Want to Refer to and Preserve ommended that steps be taken to clarify the complete uncertain ty regarding peace terms This is possible only by ask our neighbors about ppacc the newspaper add In Madrid the Spanish news agency Efe said in a dispatch from Berlin that Berlin political circles according to a semiroffi cial announcement express their doubts that Finland can long op pose the influence and pressure of the various allied nations locomotive sidcswiped ed the Ncw York Cen Southwestern Limited pas scnger tram Saturday 3 miles west of here The dead man was B W Morris about 55 pilot cngincci whom the New York Central had furnished to guide a Pennsylvania railroad train over N Y C lines Seek Bodies of 24 Who Died in Plane Crash Memphis Tenn UPJ Divers searched the cokl windwhipped waters of the Mississippi Satur day for pieces of wreckage of an American airliner which crashed into the river and carried its 24 occupants to death Rescue squads recovered pillows and small parts of the plane which floated to the surface and the divers hoped to find some of the bodies Chicago Weatherman Leaves for Florida Chicago horns befort the seasons worst blizzard struck Chicago Thursday night O T Lav head of the local U bureau left for Florida CAPTURE NAZI BAZOOKA GUNSGerman versions ot the bazooka gun are examined by Pfc Cad Swenson Austin Mont left and Cpl Dean Alexander Oklahoma City Okla The guns were captured on the outskirts of Cassino Italy Allied Headquarters Algiers warships thundering into action have helped repulse a new German assault on Ihr storm swept invasion bridgehead below Home and a headquarters officer declared Saturday that despite nazi pressure the front lines there have remained rela tively unchanged during the past few days On tile Cassino front to tllc cast American forces made new gains in bitter struggles within that town and in the hills to the west drove within a mile of the Via CasHina the Germans only corridor into the city Rain snow sleet and gales cancelled allied air blows against the Germans pressing against the invasion bridgehead leaving the Germans free to move up troops and supplies harried only by naval and landartillery bombard ment The single nazi attack Friday was flung unsuccessfully against American troops in the area west of Cisternn headquarters said where hard fighting continues Naval units including the Brit ish cruisers Mauritius of 8 000 tons and Didcrof 5450 tons moved close inshore to shell the left flank of the Germans as thev attacked CBS Correspondent John Daly said Saturday morning that aft er 4 anxious days the core of the allied beachhead below Borne re mains secure The G e r m a n communique broadcast by Berlin said nazi ar tillery broke up heavy allied tank attacks against new German lines neav Aprilia knocking out 17 tanks The sains by American Iraops in bitter fightiiifir in Cassino in cluded the jail which the Germans had converted into one of their main fortresses continuingto hold out in its basement even after al lied artillery and tanks had lev elled the structure to the ground The Germans arc resisting there no longer The U S units also knocked out a number of strong points in the northern part of the town Their push in the hills to the west threatened to choke off the nazi supply route into Ciissino Fighting in the mountains around Cassino was impeded by heavy snowfall but more artillery was brought up to bick up lhe American infantry Three thousand Germans have been captured on the beachhead and on the main front in the last week for a total of 13000 naris taken since the invasion ot Italy began last September headquar ters announced That is the equiva lent of about one division The en emy also has suffered heavy tolls of dead and wounded Bad weather retarded shipping operations but movement of rein forcements and supplies to the in xasion beachhead continued A long period of good weather after the first landings enabled the al lies o build up adequate supply bases there with a comfortable margin it was stated The fact that no German attacks of great intensity of extent were launched on the beachhead Fri day may have resulted from the terrific allied air blows on the previous morning before bad weather forced a cancellation of many sorties It also is possible the Germans may have spent their offensive strcnclh against the beachhead and may regroup before under taking a major drive A 45mileanhour gale blew in from the Mediterranean Saturday morning but there were signs by noon that the weather was abat ing giving hope that allied planes might be able to strike the nazia again around the beachhead Allied warships still are rang ing the coast turning their big guns on the enemy Sixinchguns of the cruisers can hurl shells as far as 10 miles inland thus reach ing almost every part of lhe Ger man front While the position of beachhead troops admittedly was ;