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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, February 12, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 12, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 9lf ANTMCNT Of MltTOftV AND AftCHIVCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS HOME EDITION TTTTTT VOL XLIX MVE CENTS A COPX ULL 1JASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 12 1943 7HJS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 108 REDS ADVANCE 35 MILES IN UKRAINE 3 DESTROYERS LOST BY JAPS IN EVACUATION US Discloses 4 Others Crippled in Guadalcanal Fighting By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American bombers and torpedo planes were officially credited FrU day with sinking three Japanese destroyers and crippling at least four others in a doublebarreled attack 011 enemy warships des perately attempting to evacuate their tvoops from Guadalcanal the first week in February Delayed dispatches from the prize island now completely in American hands after the anni hilation of a 15000man Japa nese army said V S planes first attacked 20 destroyers of the Japanese escape flotilla near New Georgia island Feb 4 American divebombers scored three direct hits on one destroyer sinking it in three minutes and two other destroyers were dam aged Seventeen Japanese zero fighters attempting to screen the warships were shot down against 10 American planes listed as miss ing Dispatches said the rest ot the Japanese destroyers steamed on toward Guadalcanal and were be lieved to have evacuated 1000 of ficers and technical personnel un der cover of predawn darkness off Cape Esperance Once again U S airmen took up the assault sinking two de stroyers and damaging perhaps three be four others Estimates Japanese lasses in ihe campaign continued to vary ranging from 20680 killed in land netting atone to 50MM in the whole landseaair action Originally estimated at 15000 tvoops the Japanese army on Guadalcanal was heavily rein forced and MajGen Alexander A Vandegrift who commanded the marines on the island said in Philadelphia Friday thai the en emy lost 30000 men in a single landing attempt In the months of campaign ing Gen Vandegritt added we took only 560 prisoners Maj Gen Millard F Harmon commander of U S armylroops ir the south Pacific said probably 2000 Japanese including virtually every high officer were evacuatet from the island in the week before the Americans blotted out the last enemy resistance Approximately 6000 Japanese were reported killed in the climac tic drive since Jan 10 JAPANESE RETREATING 13 MILES BELOW SALAMAUA On the New Guinea front Gen Douglas headquarters announced that allied troops hac scored a decisive victory over large Japanese force and declared that the enemy was retreating to ward Mubo only 12 miles below the big Japanese base at Sala maua leaving 1000 dead on the battlefield A communique said total enemy losses including wounded were probably many times the number of known dead Allied losses were officially described as relatively light Meanwhile imperial Tokio headquarters made the totally un confirmed claim that Japanese submarines had sunk six ships to taling 54000 tons off the east Sailor Tells of Fighting Jap in Dark for Main Areas f SAN DIEGO Cal story of a struggle in the dark be tween an American sailor with a mangled arm arid a Jap for posses sion of a small in the south Pacific was related Friday by the winner Edward Fry 20 St Louis Mo Fry a seaman second class is recovering in the naval hospital from the effects of the fight and the loss of an arm Fry was aboard the cruiser As toria when the ship was sunk near Savo island A salvo hit the superstructure and sheered off our guns I found myself sailing through the like a flying torpedo explained Fry a gun pointer Fallinginto the water some dis tance from the Astoria Fry start ed swimming and realized part of his aim gone In the darkness I found a raft but as I attempted to climb on a man kicked me I said hey buddy 1 just want to climb aboard and got my answer in Japanese H sounded like he was swearing at me I found my knife strapped to my hip apd drew it as 1 made a lunge which threw me on the raft With shells whistling overhead we struggled in the dark for posses sion of it until I finally managed to stab him Even as ihe Jap fell lie tried to pull me into the water with him but he was covered with oil and I managed to slip from his grasp After the encounter Fry lost consciousness until he again found himself aboard the Astoria He re mained conscious only long to remember seeing flames sweep ing over part of the ship and to recall being transferred to a de stroyer Seven days later he awoke in a hospital in the south Pacific Iowa Legislature Petitions Congress to End War Time Assembly Says Daylight Savings Time Has j Proved to Be Wasteful DES MOIRES Iowa egislature went on record Friday as being opposed to daylight sav ng time The senate unanimously adopted a resolution previously approved by the house pelilion ing congress to repeal the act providing for the new war time known as daylight saving time The resolution said Daylight ivorking hours are a vital factor in the preparation and harvesting of crops the feeding of farm animals and the production of all farm commodities and The new war time known as daylight saving time since its es tablishment has proved to be wasteful rather than time saving The resolution further pointed out that factories engaged in war production are largely on a 24 fiour basis and thus do not profit greatly from daylight saving time This change in time has not re sulted in the saving of electric power andfuel the resolution added A copy of the resolution will br Sent to Iowa members of con gress with a request that they use all their influence that a return to standard time may be effected before the heavy farm work season begins The senate also adopted and sent the house a resolution urging congress to take action to retire the federal government from the field of automotive taxation especially with reference to the federal gasoline tax and the fed eral automobile use tax LINCOLN RITES HELD IN INDIANA Pilgrimage Honors Memory of Mother LINCOLN CITY Ind While the nation observed the 134th anniversary of Abraham Lincolns birth a faithful little group made an nual pilgrimage F r i day to a southern I n d i ana Hill to hon or the memory of his mother In a simple ceremony amid the hills black oak trees a wreath w a s Army Men in Colleges Cant Be in Sports WASHINGTON attending colleges and universi ties under the new army special ized training program will not be permitted to participate in inter collegiate sports Col Herman Beukema director of the pro gram announced Friday It will be up to institutions to determine whether they can maintain normal athletic pro grams with civilian players he said However when the army pro gram gets in full swing this spring most of the civilian men left on campuses will be selective serv ice rejects and youths under 18 As a result a difficult time was foreseen for collegefootball nexx coast of January Australia since mid THROW BACK JAPANESE COUNTER DRIVES IN BURMA On Ihe Burma front British headquarters reported that Field Marsha Sir Archibald P Wavell s imperial legions driving back into Burma from India had thrown back a series of sharp Japanese counterattacks along the Bay of Bengal coast A communique said the enemy attacked in the region of Donbaik and Rathedaung some 25 miles north of the key Japanese coastal base at Akyab Mercury Chased KANSAS CITY IP The weather bureau says this really happened at Rapid City S Dak several days ago The temperature at a m was 5 degrees at 42 de grees at 55 degrees at 11 1C degrees at BO decrees at noon 13 degrees at p m 50 degrees at 1 15 degrees al GO degrees and by S30 p m 15 degrees again Eneny agents are welcome foot of a stone rave ot Nancy whose death in fall Intensity of fhe study and training program will preclude participation in major athletics by the studentsoldiers Beukema said although competitive intra mural sports will have a place in their physical training Petrillo Submits Proposals to End Ban on Making Records NEW YORK C Pe trillo president of the American Federation of Musicians announced Friday that he had submitted to the recording indus try proposals to end his ban on federation musicians making rec ords for public use He said at a press conference that he had in vited the industry to negotiate with the A F M executive board at 1 p m CWT Monday The ban has been in effect since Aug 1 placed marker on the Hanks Lincoln 1818 was the first great tragedy in the life of the Civil war president He was 9 years old when she died It is appropriate onAbraham Lincolns birthday said Gover nor Henry F Schriker that we should exalt so great a life and we will do so by paying tribute toa brave and gentle mother who gave him a good birth and led him with a kindly hand for a little while along the path to greatness The tribute which has failed to grow old was sponsored by Ihe Indiana Lincoln union Mrs Lincolns grave is just across the valley from the rough cabin in which the presidentto be lived and studied as a boy Young Lincoln helped his fa ther build the rough box for his mothers coffin and griefstrick en followed as it was hauled on a mudsled up a sloping hill through underbrush and uncut timber toJts burial place The family left for Illinois in 1830 and Lincoln did not come back to Indiana until 31 years his way to Washington to be inaugurated president SECRETARY KNOX ATTENDS CEREMONIES AT SPRINGFIELD SPRINGFIELD III the midst of war as an the days of peace the home town of Abraham Lincoln paused Friday to honor again the memory of her mos noted son The tallshafted granite tomb of the Civil war president in Oak Ridge cemetery was the focal poin of ceremonies commemorating the 134th anniversary of Lincolns birth A cabinet member a for eign diplomat and ranking repre sentatives of the nations fighting forces of World war II for the special programs At the Lincoln crypt wreaths were laid and men recalled the words and personal qualities of th gaunt humble man whose memorj probably remains more vibranllj alive than that of any of the othe great men in the nations history Secretary of the Navy Knox am Sir Owen Dixon minister of Aus tralia to the United States came fromWashington to take part In the days exercises 18 Killed When Plane Fails in Newfoundland DORVAL Que 1 persons killed Tuesday night whei a liberator plane being used o the North Atlantic Ferry service crashed in Newfoundland includ ed all aboard it was believed Fri day The Royal Air Force Fcr command announcing the acci dent Thursday night did not spe cify the nationality of the plane It might have been America owned or The victims in eluded 13 passengers and fiv members of the crew inally a Wisconsin and Michigan national guard outfit of Invasion By UNITED PRESS Allied strategists already have tentatively selected the points nt which they intend to invade Europe it was reported in London Friday and military observers be lieved there would be two main areas of attack with several other diversionary actions Almost everyone agreed that Ihe attempt would be made in the ninemonth period men tioned Thursday by Prime Min ister Winston Churchill in his report to the empire on the Casablanca conference Observers listed seven possible points of attack on way Denmark Holland Northern France Northwestern France Italy and Greece Northern and North vestem France it was said are nviting objectives because of the hort distance across the channel ut at the stime time they are be ievccl to be so heavily fortified hat an invasion would be cx rdmely costly The Germans according to the Norwegian government in exile in London are becoming increasingly alarmed over the possibility that the allies will attack Norway A spokesman for the govern ment in exile said that the Ger mans had started to fortify the interior of Norway fearing that they may be hurled back from the coast by the weight of an allict BATTLES RAGE ALONG SHORES OF BLACK SEA Nazis Claim Russian Warships Fail to Enter Novorossisk Harbor By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Col Gen Nikolai F Vatutins central Don armies were reported driving ahead within 60 miles of the great hydroelectric power city of Dnieperopetrovsk in the Ukraine Friday alter a ad vance while in the Caucasus a series of pitched battles raged on Ihe shores of the Black Sea Big Bombers Blast Wilhelmshaven and Adults Alt to 3 Get Sartii Allpwarice of Meat Rationing Expected to Start About March 2i OPA Officials Reveal WASHINGTON UP children and adults all will get the same meat allowance when he rationing plan goes into op eration now expected about March 28 Officials of the office of price administration said Friday that hey had failed to find any sensi ble or workable plan of graduat ng meat rations according lo age and are making final plans on the basis ot everyone getting the same amount This will in effect give an extra allotment of meat to par ents of babies OPA wanted to avoid that but the only alternaT live was not to allow any meat at all for very small children Since teething babies consume at least a small amount of meat especial ly bacon the rejected plan would liave forced parents to divide their meager rations with the children The mechanics of coupon rationing did not seem to permit any sliding scale March 28 is the date that OPA is shooting at in its planning on meat It would prefer an earlier date in the hope that rationing will equalize the current supply which is only fair in some com munities and almost nonexistent in others Delaying the program possibly beyond March 28 are a thou sand details especially evaluation of meats in terms ot points As in the case of canned goods which will be rationed with the same coupon book meat rations will be so many points a month or week the points will be scaled so that the average ration will be perhaps a little under two pounds a week but more if consumers buv ham burger or liver and less it they buy steaks Public distribution of these ra toin books will begin Feb 22 COLORFUL WESTERNER PIES LOS ANGELES John VI Considinc Sr 80 whose career began in the Klondike and pro gressed through the colorful cab aret era of the early west to co ownership of the SullivanCon sidine vaudeville circuit one of the countrys greatest died Thurs day night NELSON OFFERS BLUNT WARNING NonWar Plants Must Be Limited by Manpower WASHINGTON iP Congress had a blunt warning from Chair man Donald M Nelson of the war production board Friday that worth of guns planes tanks and shins cannot be produced this year without wide spread business casualties in non essential industries which will lead to further rationing Nelson was disclosed to have told the senate military com mittee in a closed hearing on needs that the nec ssity of funneling a net of 1800000 additional workers into the munitions plants will have serious repercussions on the home front The contraction of manpower in less essential industries and a prospective increase of 4300000 in the armed forces may be such Nelson testified that further ra tioning may be forced even where materials are available We will have to reduce the amount of clothing produced and it will mean rationing clothing without question even beyond the question of the amount ot material which could be spared attack German ski troops it said were patrolling hundreds of miles inland in Norway and German of ficers had forbidden their men to leave any camp without carrying full equipment he told the committee adding We had hoped this year to get without rationing cotton or woolen clothing This testimony was given by the tVPB chairman on Feb 5 several days before he joined wtthHPricc Administrator Prcn ttss Broun in a statement list Tuesday declaring that the proent time there was no shortage of clothin and no heed for rationing i They said Ihe supplies of wool were several hundred million pounds greater than when the United States entered the war RAID ON BASE Day Air Operations Made Against Continent LONDON Hfi big bombers blasted Wiihclmshavei Thursday night ijj the 71st raid on that battered German naval and submarine base and royal air force planes swept across the channel Friday in new daylight operations against the continent Three bombers were reported missing from the formations which carried out the latest Wow in the antiUboat campaign Reports said Wil helmshaven was heavily blasted but the size of the raid ing formations was not dis closed Southeast coast watchers re ported that RAF planes and recrossed the flying above low broken clouds toward France They said the channel air activity was consid erable but there was no sugges tion of whnt targets might be un der attack by the British Thursday nichts raid was the first bombina attack on the great German naval base and shipbuild ing center at Wilheimshavcn since United Stales air force flying for tresses pounded it three weeks aso The fortress raid had been the first American attack1 on German soil Thursday nights smash rep resented a continuation of in tensive air war against targets harboring or supplying subma rines Wilheimshavcn on the north west side of Jahde bay an inlet on the North Sea 33 miles north west of Bremen is one of the largest submarine building centers the reich possesses Radio Berlin quoting a DNB news agency dispatch said BritisI bombers were over Germany in a nuisance raid Thursday night dropping high explosives and frag mentation bombs but doing only small damage The broadcas claimed two British planes wen shot down Weather Report 1 FORECAST 4 MASON CITY Colder Friday alt ernoon arid night est in Mason 2 below Fresh winds jitinued cold Saturday foreri OWA Not much change in tem perature Friday night and Sat urday forenoon Occasional light snow in north and east portions Friday night MINNESOTA Light to moderate snow Friday afternoon and Fri day night except ending west portion early Friday night Winds becoming fresh to strong wilfc blowing snow Friday after noon and Friday night Colder Friday night and continued rather cold Saturday forenoon preceded by warmer east and south portions Friday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday H Minimum Friday night 4 At 8 a m Friday 4 tnow 3 inches recipitation 00 inch Snow which fell during the light was unusually Huffy and contained an exceptionally small In his testimony before the committee however Nelson was discussing only the manpower shortage and its expected effect on civilian industries Mother Avoids Fainting in 5th Effort to See Son in Newsreel KANSAS CITY limes Mrs S L Wilson went to a theater to see her son in a Guadalcanal newsreel Four times she fainted just before he appeared on the screen She Iried a fifth theater Thursday night and this time my heart went to my but slopped there she said I saw him On the first four tries things just seemed to go black before Melvin Lee appeared How long was her 17 year old son on the screen Oh it seemed like about one sixtyfifth of a second They were marching up a gangplank into a ship He smiled into the camera just like he used to smile at home He stopped and rubbed the end of his rifle the handle or whatever you call it J Her voice still tremulous with excitement she said she had felt sort ot silly waiting for her fifth attempt to view the rievrarcei Will she sec it again now that shes cured Im going to see it every lime its run in Kansas Cily 2 U S Cargo Planes Missing in Canada EDMONTON Alta Canadian United Slates cargc transport planes with thirteen per sons aboard including service mei and civilians have been missin four days in Canadas wild nort country it was learned here Fri day Belief was expressed that al the missing persons were Unitec States citizens The names wer not announced here but author ties said their next of kin been notified amount of precipitation YEAR AGO 14 Besides savage fighting on both sides of Novorossisk Ger manheld escape port on the Black Sea nazi headquarters re ported that Russian warships attempted in vain to penetrate into Novorossisk harbor The German command also in dicated that the red armies were closing in around the vital Kuban bridgehead just below the narrow icecovered Kerch Strait which separates the Caucasus from the Crimea Troops of one German panzer division in the Kuban bridgehead frustrated enemy attempts at out flanking our positions inflicting most heavy losses on tiie Ihe German communique said The thrust toward Dnieperopel rovslc site ofa 3100000000 dam built by American engineers and subsequently destroyed by the Russians ill their scorched earth retreat two years ago poiseH a triple threat to the invaders It 1 Cut the main railway be tween Kharkov and the Crimea between the two large German armies on the southern front 3 Sharply increased the daneer to he western escape corridor of 250000 Germans troops now under virtual siege at Rostov General Valutins s p e a r h e ad was paced by a flying column which was officially reported to huve captured Lozovaya 60 miles northeast of Dnieperopetrovsk and 75 miles south of Kharkov In the soviet ma rines and warships ot the Russian fleet were reported battling furi ously to prevent part 200000 German troops and their satellites from escaping in a BlackSea Dunkerquc The Russian command said red marines killed 1600 axis troops in two days fighting ashore while soviet naval guns pounded Ger man coastal positions and wiped out about seven enemy infantry companies perhaps 1400 troops in four days Heavy fighting apparently flamed on the beaches on both sides of Germanheld Novoros sisk Black Sea naval base as the German radio reported new Russian landings north of the port under attack by nazi dive bombers The Germans said i VOROSHILOVGRAD ASTRAKHAN TUAPSE Black fc THREATEN STRONG area shows gainst rolled up in two clays timo by red troops now the German bases of Orel I and Kharkov Two other German bases in the same region Kursk and Belgorod both shown in black area have been claimed by soyiets ;