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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL un Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 11 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No lOS BRITAIN ORDERS ARMY NAVY AID British Troops Stage Sham Battle in Tense Tel Aviv BLUE SUFFERS DEFEAT IN TAX RATE MEASURE Measure Calls lor Half Rate on This Year and Full Levy Thereafter i Des Monies Robert D Blue suffered a smarting de feat when the house passed late j Monday a bill calling for half rate state income tax payments this 5 year and at the full rate there 3 after The house adopted the senate approved measure 93 to 14 and i sent it to the governor Immedi j ately preceding that decision the j house defeated 75 to 30 an ad ministration sponsored plan It i called for continuation of the half 1 rate payments unless the state j treasury balance fell below 000000 in which case the full rate I would become effective The governor received the inea j sure Tuesday after it was enrolled and signed by the presiding offi icers of the senate and house but jBlue declined to say whether he jwould sign or veto it or allow it to become law without his signa ture He has 3 days in which to act on it j However it appeared unlikely the governor would veto the Jbill He wanted the half rate con tinued except in an emergency because going back to the full rate would in effect be raising taxes And he jlidnt want his adminis tration tabbed as a taxincreasing I administration J vetoed I ing more were done the full rate J would automatically become ef fective even on payments made this year He wouldnt want that in view of his desire for continu ing the half rate Besides votes in the senate and house would give the governor little hope of getting the half rate back permanently if he vetoed the bill and attempted to get recon sideration of his plan Twentysix senators a majori ty voted against continuing the half rate next year after the sen ate had approved the half rate for this year Seventylive house members 25 more than a majority defeated the administrations sponsored payment plan On the other hand if the gov ernor vetoed the bill it appeared there was strength enough in each house to pass the measure over his veto It would take 34 votes in the senate and 72 in the house to override the veto The final vote inthe senate on the measure was 4 to 5 a margin of 10 more than needed to over ride a veto The final vote in the housewas 93 to 14 21 votes more than would be needed to pass the bill over a veto Administration forces argued unsuccessfully in the house that there are sufficient funds in the treasury now to take care of regu lar expenses plus reasonable addi tions for such as schools state mental hospitals and roads They added that the full rate payments would merely increase the surplus beyond what is needed The defeat of the governor In turn was a victory for the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation the Iowa Education association and other organizations which supported the 2 They wanted the Jull rate payments to finance particularly a proposed increase in state school aid from to a year Those voting with the admin istration for continuing the half rate except in an emergency were Reps Ainsworth Brown of Mo nona county Burkman Davis Donahue Duffy Fiene Good Hedin Hicklin Knickerbocker Kosek Long McFarlane Morris sey Nielsen Pieper Putney Red man Reed Robb Schwengel Scott Sloane Tesmer Troeger Van Eaton Walter of Marshall county Wellington and Wilson Those absent or not voting were Reps Lynes Ingalls and Smith of Madison county All others voted against the administration Those opposing the senate meas ure for continuing the half rate this year but reverting to the full rate thereafter were Reps Be man Bockwoldt Davis Duffy Hedin Hicklin Long McFarlane Nielsen Pieper Schwengel Smith Clayton county Tesmer and Van Eaton Absent or not voting on this roll call was Rep Smith of Madison county All others voted for the senate measure Peace Hopes Fade in UN Arms Clash Lake Success N Y ally hope was given up Tuesday of breaking the AmericanRussian deadlock on the United Nations program for worldwide arms lim itation Authoritative sources said if the deadlock could not be broken when the security council meet the arms program may be side tracked temporarily for a cooling off period Only Russian agreement to the U S view can prevent this Americaii sources said the U S delegation was holding firm to its stand that the proposed dis armament commission should not invade the field irf atomic energy The U S is insisting that the terms of reference of the proposed llnation arms reduction com mission should state specifically that such a body should handle only conventional weapons and not infringe on the work or duties of the already functioning atomic energy commission The Russians in opposing this argue that it is unnecessary to write this into the arms commis sions terms of reference Council members in privately expressed speculation said one of 2 things might happen when the discussion is resumed Tuesday afternoon They are 1 Russia could agree on the Americanproposed jurisdictional line for the arms commission 3 Refuse to accept the Ameri can proposal In case the latter course is tak en American sources took the view that there is no point then in setting up the arms commis sion since there would not be unanimityamong the big 5 Therehowever a 3rd for an immediate vote on the U S most council members were un derstood to be opposed to this how for fear that the veto might be used North Iowas Frog Farmer Is Denied Claim Des Moines joint legis lative claims committee Tuesday rejected the claim of W H Potthast elderly Milford man for for the alleged ruina tion of his commercial froggrow ing enterprise Potthast claimed that after he started growing frogs for the New Orleans food market the 1937 legislature passed a law prohibit ing the shipment of frogs out of the state Potthast claimer he had purchased about a million young frogs and a large bog near his home The 1937 law forced him to let his stock of frogs deteriorate he said and he wanted the state to reimburse him A bill was introduced in the house recently to legalize the growing of frogs for commercial purposes on private property It hasnt been actedon Murderer Bank Robber At Large After Escape Philadelphia murderer and a bank robber 2 of 5 desper ate longterm convicts who scaled a 35foot wall of the Holinesburg prison remained at large Tuesday and police broadcast a nationwide alert for their capture The fugitives escaped Monday after stabbing aguard and using him as a shield while they fled across snowcovered fields border ing the jail Three were recap tured within a few hours But William Slick Willie Sut ton 46yearold bank robber and Frederick Tenuto 30 who had been serving a term for second de gree murder eluded a police drag net International Fboto JERUSALEM BECOMES CITY OF BARBED WIRE soldiers string barbed wire in the luxurious Katamon quarter of Jerusalem to protect essential Britons remaining in Palestine from further Jewish underground outbreaks TRUMAN SEEKS MARSHALL AIDE Eyes 3 Republicans as Vandenberg Substitute Washington Tru manwas said Tuesday to be con sidering asking one of three re publican members of the senate foreign relations committee to sub stitute for Senator Vandenberg as an adviser to Secre tary of State Marshall at Moscow The three republicans mentioned by democratic colleagues aware of the plan are Senators H Alexand er Smith of New Jersey Bourke B Hickenlooper of Iowa and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr of Mas sachusetts Indications point to Smith as the most likely choice Vandenberg who served with Senator Connally as an adviser to Former Secretary James F Brynes has said he does not want to go to the opening of the foreign ministers conference next month He indicated how ever he would answer any S O S if the state department needs his help later Friends say the American sen ator thus far has made no recom mendation to Mr Truman for a substitute The bipartisan partici pation in foreign policy began with the attendance of Vandenberg and Connally as delegates to the San Francisco united nations con ference in 1945 While it is generally supposed that Vandenberg would lean to ward the selection of John Foster Dulles Mr Truman is said to be lieve that a republican who has a voice in the senate ought to sit in as a front rank adviser If this arrangement is made it is understood that Dulles who served as foreign affairs adviser to Gov Thomas E Dewey in the 1944 presidential campaign and who has attended most of the in ternational conferences since would be asked to go along in the trouble shooting role he has held in the past Ofthe three senators mentioned there are strong indications that Ambassador Warren R Austin who now heads theAmerican dele gation to the United Nations pre fers Smith because the two were in almost complete agreement on international and domestic issues when Austin too served in the sen ate fromVermont Smith 67 year old former Princeton university official for merly was a rember of the re publican national committee Love Conquers All as Eileen Gets 0 K to Wed Coal Miner Welch Va apparently had conquered all and Eileen Edwards was preparing Tuesday to marry the West Virginia coal miner for whom she jilted another armyveteran who paid her way over here from England The English girl said her parents who previously refused to consent to her marriage to William Theodore Crabtree of nearby Superior had cabled their consent and wished her every happiness She needed their consent according to West Virginia law Eileens parents earlier had refused to approver her marriage to anyone but Arnold Buesing of Waterloo Nebr whom she abandoned a few hours after he met her at the ship He later found her at home and she confessed she met and fell in love with the West Virginian after Buesing left England She promised to repay Bnesing for her fare The couple plans to wed Saturday unless one other obstacle ma terializes British Consul G F Tyrrell of Cincinnati said she was violating her visa by changing her mind about the man she is marry ing and immigration authorities would have to be appeased Truman Veto Hinted for Any General Rent Increase Bill Clash Looms as Senate Subcommittee Prepares Boost Recommendation Washington got word Tuesday that President Tru manmight veto any bill calling for a general rent increase Seh7 Glenir Idaho passed the word around after vis King the president He said Mr Truman is definitely opposed to any acrosstheboard rent hike Taylor said he gained the im pression that Mr Trnman prob ably might veto any bill author izing one If so the president and senate republicans are headed for a clash A GOPruled senate bank ing subcommittee is getting ready to recommend just such a rent in crease according to Chairman C Douglas Buck R Del The rent issue moved to the fore again amid these other congres sional developments senate atomic en ergy committee heard a new burst of pros and cons in an increasingly hot fight over the nomination of David E Lilienthal to be head of the federal atomic energy com mission Secretary of War Robert P Patterson staunchly defended Lilienthal Dr Arthur E Morgan former head of TVA strongly op posed him The Lilienthal fight threatened a major split in the senate republican leadership Sen Robert A Taft of Ohio privately expressed criticism of Lilienthal and may vote against him Foreign senate for eign relations committee called Secretary of State George C Mar shall to a secret hearing Friday He probably will be asked for an account of U S foreign policy It will be Marshalls first appearance before congress in his new role Wayne L Morse R Ore said he disliked the closed shop but questioned the constitu tionality of legislation to outlaw it Almon E Roth president of the National Federation of American Shipping Inc said the maritime industry was plagued by jurisdic tional strife and communism They gave their views before a senate labor committee consider ing antistrike legislation Newspaper Guild Newspaper Publisher J David Stern said the American Newspaper Guild CIO has become a cancerous growth that threatens journalism He tes tified in connection with the sale his Philadelphia and Camden J newspapers He sold them recently after a 3month guild strike Aviation Robert Ramspeck executive vice president of the Air Transport Association of America told congress its almost 3 times safer to ride in scheduled planes than in automobiles He appeared before the house interstate com merce committee which resumed hearings on the recent wave of plane accidents The fight over the Lilienthal nomination blazed hotter Patter son said Lilienthals nomination should be approved quickly He said Lilienthal and Mr Trumans other nominees to the atomic en ergy commission are men of character ability and loyalty The New Orleans Item estab lished in 1877 is the oldest news jjaper in the south GEORGIA CASE IN JUDGES HANDS Expect Ruling on Dual Governors Wednesday McDonough Ga fate of Herman Talmadges guberna torial regime rested Tuesday with Superior Judge Walter Hendrix who plans to hand down a ruling in Georgias dual governor wrangle Wednesday at 10 a m Counsel for acting Gov Melvyn E Thompson completed arguments seeking Talmadges ouster on the strength that the general assembly had no right to elect a governor to succeed the late Gov Elect Eugene Talmadge Thompson forces were already bolstered by a previous court rul ing at Rome Ga that the state legislatures duty was merely to canvass election returns But the impending Hendrix ruling here is considered topmostin the maze of litigation involving Thompson and Talmadge in an effort to determine the legal governor The courts decision when it comes Wednesday is expected to be sweeping covering the para mount issue of Georgias true gov ernor and motions by Talmadge attorneys seeking to stymie or throw out the suit first initiated by former Gov Ellis Arnall later by Thompson Georgias first lieu tenant governor Iowa House Turns Down Senate Liquor Tax Bill Des Moines house re fused Tuesday to accept a senate plan to earmark 8 per cent from state liquor commission gross rev enue for cities towns and coun ties The bill which has been passed back and forth between the two houses several times now returns to the senate If the senate refuses to change the bill it will go to a conference committee composed of several members of each house Its job would be to arrive at a compromise Movie Pioneer Dies Hollywood Mayne 81 year old Shakespearean actor and pioneer movie leading man died in his sleep Monday night Mayne born in Dublin was a star on the London stage 40 years ago and came to this country to specialize in Shakespeare plays He appeared frequently in early moving pictures as a villain SAME DATE fWhilr flar means no traffic death in I hon TROUBLE INCREASING IN PALESTINE RIFT Jewish Underground Threatens Blood Bath If Members Are Hanged Jerusalem troops staged a sham battle through the streets of Tel Aviv Tuesday in a show of strength eoinciding with a Jewish underground threat of a blood bath if 4 of its con demned members are hanged All signs indicated that trouble was brewing The British army and civil authorities moved swift ly to cope with the expected crisis They had converted Jerusalem into a citadel putting the holy city under what amounted to martial law effective Thursday In Tel Aviv the British com mand sent units of the 1st division through the streets of the allJew ish city before the eyes of huddled knots of Jews who watched in silent apprehension The troops surged across the Hayarkon river in north Tel Aviv and moved with clocklike preci sion to previously designated posi tions they were to take up in event of trouble The maneuvers underscored the tension gripping the city after the Irgun Zvai Luemi organization threatened reprisals for the sen tencing of 3 of its members to death A 4th Dov Gruner also was condemned but the execution of sentence has been put off in definitely Still Best Man Auckland N Z young American soldier who arrived here Tuesday to get married was disconcerted to find that his bud dy getting in several hours ear lier had claimed the girl for him self Now the youth told New Zealand friends he still had to participate in the best man Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and some what warmer Tuesday night with occasional light snow Lowest temperature about 22 Wednesday partly cloudy with no important change in tem perature Iowa Cloudy with scattered light snow Tuesday night Warmer north and east portions partly cloudy with no important change in temperature Wednes day Low Tuesday night 18 northwest to 25 southeast high Wednesday 30 northwest to 35 southeast Iowa 5Day Outlook Tempera tures will average 3 degrees above normal in extreme south ern Iowa to near or slightly be low normal northern Iowa State normal is 21 degrees Little change Wednesday and Thurs day warmer Friday becoming colder Saturday or Sunday Precipitation will average less than J inch mostly as snow flurries Saturday or Sunday Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday warmer extreme south portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 22 Minimum 4 At 8 a m Tuesday 10 YEAR AGO Maximum 36 Minimum 19 Officials Not Sure Atomic Leak Plugged By LYLE C WILSON United Press Staff Correspondent Washington sec rets have been exposed or stolen at a great rate in the United States No one knows today whether the leaks are plugged Responsible officials are alarmed not only about Soviet Russian es pionage but about the happygo lucky manner in which atomic se curity has been punctured like a sieve Bernard M Baruch recently wrote to theeditor of the Phila delphia Bulletin that we really do not know any more what is secret about the atomic bomb and what is known to other countries Ba ruch said it was a certainty that the secret of the greatest weapon ever discovered no longer is all wrapped up in one envelope For instance it is known that the Russians still are attempting to purchase here certain machin ery used by the United States in its manufacture of the Abomb Such purchase is forbidden by the McMahon act which established the civilian atomic energy com mission now awaiting confirma tion by the senate Baruch discovered the first known Russian efforts to purchase atomic energy machinery early last year before he was named United States representative on the United Nations atomic energy commission A manufacturer who had made equipment used in one of the atomic fission plants re ceived an order from Russia for the purchase of certain specialized machinery The manufacturer ad vised Baruch by telephone of the order Baruch replied got the machin ery have you The manufacturer took the hint and refused the order At that time however there was no auth ority by which a manufacturer could have been prevented from making such a sale as there is now under the McMahon bill Later the machine appeared in full dia gram in a trade magazine Publi cation of such material in trade magazines is considered one of the big leaks of atomic energy inform ation Isaac Don Levine in the Febru ary issue of the magazine Plain Talk refers to the foregoing in cident He says the order was for worth of machinery ac companied by specifications and blue prints which could only have been stolen in the United States and Canada Whether the specifi cations were obtained by espion age carelessness or stupidity is not yet determined From Maj Gen Leslie R Groves who commanded the war time atomic fission project and re leased the Smyth report to Le vine who is on the newsstands Tuesday there has been a con stant repetition of the warning against espionage in the United States as in Canada Groves and others have urged that the Cana dian royal commission report on espionage should be required reading for persons in respon sible positions Patrolman Says No Threats or Promises Used on Mrs Dixon Des Moines Russell Lewis who arrested Mrs Opal Dixon 35 shortly after the robbery of the Des Moines Bank and Trust company last month testified at her trial Mon day that no threats or promises were made to induce her to make an alleged confession Mrs Dixon is being tried in dis trict court on a charge of entering a bank with intent to rob Police claimed the day of the robbery Jan 22 that she signed a confes sion but she pleaded Innocent to the charge An allwoman jury is hearing the case Senate Probes Time Loss in 23000 Cups of Coffee Daily Washington senators want to know is what 23000 cups of coffee add up to in manhours of labor lost to the govern ment Senators investigating operation of government cafeterias and canteens have found out that 23000 cups of coffece are drunk daily by workers in the war departments Pentagon building The question is how many of them are drunk on government time The investigators also want to learn about the coffeeandchat customs if any in other government departments and agencies They are considering asking the government to close eateries ex cept at meal times x Sen Raymond E Baldwin R Conn chairman of a subcommit tee which is looking into such matters said he would suggest that the full senate civil service committee explore the situation GOVERNMENT IS STUDYING NEW BLACKOUT ACT Cabinet Plans Use of Military Services to Fight Coal Shortage London labor govern ment cabinet wrestling with the unprecedented coal shortage is sued orders Tuesday night to the war office and admiralty to stand by to give whatever help was pos sible All kinds of expedients were considered These included the use of military flame throwers and bulldozers to clear snow drifts from railways the use of radar aboard warships io guide colliers and barges through tog and ice and the use of submarines to gen erate electric power for coastal towns Informed sources said the cabi net soon might extend the do mestic electric cuts to the entire nation including Scotland Factories were closed Unem ployment queues lengthened The dole was back Homes and stores were darkened Public indignation mounted The weather turned freezing again as the nation dipped further into inadequate stocks from the recently socialized mines and more snow was forecast Stock prices sagged Winston Churchill shouted in parliament Monday night about incompetence in high places Greyhound racing stopped Weekly periodicals suspended Television broadcasts ceased Tran sit service in London was cut and 60 electric suburban trains were suspended Candles were short in the foggy islands where use of electricity was already prohibited in homes of 38 counties for 5 hours daily affecting 22000000 persons At least 4000000 were reported unemployed because crisis popularly dubbed an economic Dunkerque A ministry of fuel and power official reported however that the power conservation scheme saved 22550 tons of coal Monday or 33 per cent on the previous daily consumption He said public cooperation in voluntarily halting use of electri city for 5 hours daily was not so good today as on Monday In many areas it is technically im possible to cut domestic power users from lines which serve es sential plants Prime Minister Attlees cabinet met in a special session at he un lighted No 10 Downing street Churchill had attacked the labor government for mismanagement bad housekeeping incompetence in high places and the progressive degeneration of our whole life The new cuts it was understood would not affect industries except those in tile 38county area al ready blacked out by the original conservation order Informed sources said the extended domes tic cuts would be effective for the same 5 hours daily from 9 a m to noon and from 2 to 4 p m that is effective in the 38 counties The minister of fuel and power Emanuel Shinwell who once was a seamans union organizer and served 5 months in a Glasgow jail for incitement to riot was reported to have advised the cabi net that an extension of domestic cuts to the entire kingdom would result in substantial extra sav ings of coal Conservatives and labor poli ticians alike agreed there was no immediate likelihood that Attlees government would fall Nonpar tisan writers including the parli mentary reporters agreed that labor members of parliament were solidly behind the cabinet al though some were critical because the government had not acted drastically earlier Churchill for the conservatives and Hugh Dalton for labor ruled out any possibility of a coalition government Monday night Street corner posters appeared saying What a mess put Churchill back Opposition newspapers re newed charges that the socialists had bungled the coal shortage The government blamed the weather as the principal factor in the crisis It said practically all coalcarrying railways were blocked and that seaborne coal de liveries from Welsh and northeast ports were hampered Opposition Leader Winston Churchill belligerently blaming the labor government for the cur rent coal shortage during bitter debate Monday night in the house of commons slammed the door on such speculation with the curt declaration No coalition Hugh Dalton laborite chancellor of the exchequer made it clear at the same time that Prime Minister Attlees government would not consent to such a coalition either The U S War Departments Pentagon Building in Washington covers 34 acres ;