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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP OF HISTORY A N 3 A Ft C H V I 0 S 1 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL ua Associated Press and United Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copjl MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 11 1946 Tola Paper Consists oi Two Ona MO ADMIT ADMINISTRATION SHAKEUP One Man Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mis an City Sundir 0m 1VSU1 Iowa City WiatsiH V m WO I Ames Friday p m XSCJ Sfonx City Saturday p m luluey Saturday 9 3 n Some Trends in American Journalism MOT SO LONG AGO I sat down 1 in conference with about 250 other managing editors from all parts of the country The business at hand was to consider what lies ahead in our profession Whether our attitude was Justi fied or not is for the newspaper reading public to say but most of of ns I think I can felt that American journalism had done a rather effective job of keeping our country informed about the events of the war Our concern was centered on the problem and challenge of do ing as good a job in postwar peacetime as was done during the war There was agreement that the task would be every hit as important as wartime and in several particulars even more difficult ONE of the things that caused anxiety was the report by a highlyplaced Associated Press executive to the effect that foreign news which during the war com prised about hall of that agencys daily wire news had fallen off to a point where now it is less than a filth of that daily offering The question was raised and raised seriously whether news papers havent been guilty of for getting with too much of a ven seance hat our country in time of peace is no less a part of the world than H was in the days when oar fighting men were ac tive in all parts of the globe One speaker saw inthis trend a repetition at what happened after the last world war News papers in the 20s and 30s prob ably reflecting a popular opinion operated on the theory that our icountry could escape its world re sponsibilities through the simple medium of ignoring the rest of the world Although no resolutions were passed calling for it I left this meeting pretty well assured that the consensus of editorial opinion made manifest would have the effect of halting and reversing the disquieting trend in the direction of news isolationism ANOTHER point on which there seemed to be agreement was that American journalism is at the beginning of a new era one in which there will be as much emphasis on having and deserving readerconfidence as on the mere gauging of reader interest In its fundamental pattern the daily newspaper ot the future is going to be different from the journals of the period between the Civil war and the turn of the cen tury In that period the news paper was pretty much a personal or party organ reflecting the per sonality of the more personal opinion than disinter ested news Furthermore the newspaper of the future is Being to be different from the newspaper which served the American public in Jhe period between the 2 world wars the period marked by its sensational murder and sex cases and the birth of blatant tabloids with all their excesses by the force of circum stances than by voluntary de cision the newspaper in the years Court Rejects Homma Plea WHERE LIFE WAS SAVED AND photo of the porch roof of the Harold Davis home 208 First N shows firemen working in smoke pouring out of the win dow from which Mrs Davis put 5 children to safety before she later succumbed to smoke arid the home In the foreground is Dave Van Every 14 years of age of 521 N Delaware who saved the youngest of the children Robert 4 by pulling him out of the window again as he startedback in after his mother Van Every who was at the Y M C A at the time the fire broke out was one of the first to arrive at Lock photo K and A One Killed in Fire Here Save Kiddies Funeral services for Mrs Harold Davis 31 who died in a fire that involved herTiome at 208 First N about 3 p m Saturday will be hed Tuesday afternoon at oclock at the Major Memorial chapel with the Rev G H Barn ford Evange lical church officiating Firemen received the alarm at p in and found the in terior of the Davis home 3 mass of flames and smoke when they ar rived The body of Sirs Davis was found on the floor of the din ing room where she had fallen in an attempt to reach safety She had put her 5 children through a second story window to safety on the roof of the front porch before she had tried to go downstairs through the burning home Fourof the children jumped or slid to safety from the roof of the porch but the youngest Robert years of age started back into the smoke filled window following his mother Dave Van Every 14 years of age of 521 N Delaware who had heart the fire engines and rushed ou of the Y M C A to see the lire saw the youngster climbing bach into the shinnied window up the Van Every porch BDC JAPAN GENERAL WILL BE SHOT FOR ATROCITIES Case to MacArthur for Final Review Had Expected Death Washington supreme court refused to intervene in Ma nila proceedings in which Japa nese Lt Gen Masaharu Homma was convicted as a war criminal and sentenced to be shot Homma sent petitions by air mail from Manila asking the high court to take him out of the hands of the military He also asked re view of the refusal of the Philip pines supreme court to grant him a writ of habeas corpus Hommas petitions were similar to those sent earlier by the con victed Japanese Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita The court last Monday rejected all of Yamashitas con tentions and Gen Douglas Mac Arthur has ordered he be hanged The court based its rejection of Hommas petition on the decision in the Yamashita case Homma was sentenced Monday to be shot convicted by a military tribunal of war atrocity charges including the infamous Bataan death march Homma was moved immediately to Luzon prisoner of war camp number one where he joined his successor as supreme commander of the Philippines during the palmy days of Japanese conquest Lt Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita and 10 other convicted war criminals While hearing his sentence BRITISH BRIDES AND BABIES waiting to debark from the Queen Mary in New York Sunday 3 British wives of American servicemen and their children have their last meal aboard the liner They are left to right Susan Ball her mother Mrs David Ball Newark Ohio Mrs Earn Bakker and Janice Aplington Iowa and Mrs Harry Buxton and Ian Brooklyn N Y AP Wirephoto K and A HAROLD DAVIS Lock photo Homma stood in almost the spot in the ballroont ol the firmer home of the United States commis sioner to the Philippines where bemedalled and arrogant after the Japanese conquest of the islands he had received the homage the puppet Filipino commission and collaborators in a widelypubli cized reception Within the range of his vision as he stood before the 5man com mission across Manila bay was the fortress rock of Corregidor and the mistshrouded hills of Bataan from which he had herded Gen Jonathan M Wainwright Mai Gen Edward P King and their forces along the sunscorched CIO Delays Action for Meat Raise Chicago SP The striking CIO United Packinghouse Workers wage policy conference decided Monday to hold in the union president said action on a government factfinding panels recommendation of a Strikes At a Glance wage increase IS cents an By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS About idle in countrys Jabor troubles Major developments TRANSIT Philadelphias trolley bus and subway service paralyzed by strike of CIO workers who ask 25 cents hourly raise and other benefits emergency systems improvised to get essen tial workers to jobs AUTOMOBILES CIO United Auto Workers leaders await ex pected General Motors offer based on IBVi cents hour increase to electrical workers but TJAW Vice President Walter Beuther says auto workers should get more than M1 ahead is going to be designed to occupy that important middle ground between radio on the one hand and opinion magazines on the other Only a few years ago at a news paper mens conference such as ihe one I attended one would have heard bath magazines and radio referred to as natural en emles of the daily newspaper This time there was no suggestion I of this To the contrary there is a rather I complete acceptance of both radio I and periodicals The quest now is for a role in which the daily news paper can perform its greatest service to the public in a world in which radio and magazines are here to stay ALL of the dire prophecies that radio was destined to drive the newspaper out of business have proved baseless In truth the I newspaper is in a stronger funda mental position today than H has I ever been before Neither as a dis jseminator of news nor as an ad medium has radio hurt Inewspapering I It can also be said thai no prob llem faced by the newspaper at this time is as formidable as that tfacing the radio industry in Its in Jevitahle and Inescapable transi I CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 grabbed the youngster by the foo in time to savehim Firemen had not determine how the fire started The entir section of the duplex home which the Davis family lixed charred and badly burned Mrs Charles Rush mother of Mrs Davis resided in the other part of the home 210 First N E Mr Davis wlio is employed at the Northwestern States Portland cement plant had left but a short time before for work His shift is from 3 p m until 11 p m He was notified of the fire just after he had arrived for work and re turned to find his home in flames and his childrenat a neighbors Firemen succeeded in holding the fire to the part of the home in which the Davis family resided although this was badly scorched and burned The walls and roof re mained standing Furniture was removed from the home by Mrs Rush but fire did not break through into her part of the home The east side of the home of Mrs Hattie Cockayne 103 N Pennsylvania which is directly west of the Davis home was the heat of the scorched from fire however Mrs Davis is survived by her husband her mother Mrs Grace Rush 5 children Charlene Don ald Aria Jean Dennis and Robert four sisters Mrs Mary Johnson and Marion Rush ot Mason City Mrs Katherine Chambers of Ala meda and Mrs Margaret White of Waterloo 3 brothers Charles Rush of Alameda Cal and Clarence Rush and Rober Rush of Mason City and a grand mother Mrs Davis was born in Mason City Dec 11 1914 She had re sided here all of her life and was a member of the Veterans of For eign Wars auxiliary Burial vrii be at Memorial Park cemetery RIFT LOOMS IN PAULEY DISPUTE Supporters Complain About Trumans Move Washington rift be tween congressional and national committee democrats appeared to be developing Monday over Presi dent Trumans controversial nom ination of Edwin W Pauley as un dersecretary of the navy Administration supporters on Capitol Hill complained in private conversations Trith reporters that they had not been consulted boat Mr Trataans final decision o submit Pauleys name They said further they had not Jeen asked for their views before the president made it plain he did not plan to withdraw Pameys ap pointment despite indications that t faces almost certain defeat in he senate On the other hand National Chairman Bobert E Hannegan and his associates on the demo cratic national committee were quoted by some persons to whom they had talked as saying the ad ministration leadership in the sen ate had done little to advance Pauleys chances for confirmation Pauley is a former democratic national committee treasurer His chances for confirmation were damaged sreatly by testimony of Secretary of the Interior Ickes Ickes told the senate naval com mittee that in 1914 Pauley sug gested to him in cam paign contributions could be raised from oil men if they could be sure the government would not file and press a suit to claim title to sub merged oilproducing lands in off shore ocean areas t h e infamous death roads i n march The conviction was no surprise as Homma had expected to be shot Strict order prevailed at the sentencing as U had through the trial under the stern discipline of Gen Lee Donovan commis sion president Spectators repre senting all the military services Red Cross workers and a large number of Filipinos who had lived in the area during Hommas oc cupation were carefully searched before being admitted to the grounds Homma was led quickly away after the conviction and sentence were pronounced Like Yamashitas H o m m as J The union president Lewis 3 Clark issued the following state ment and reiterated ihe unions position that members were continuing on strike against 5 leading meat packing concerns but working for the government management under a seizure or der The national wage policy con ference of the United Packing house Workers of America CIO has met and considered the fact finding committees recommenda tions and understands the secre tary of in discharg ing his commitments to us has requested the wage stabilizatioh board to approve the panels rec ommendations so that he may WillysOverland Monday granted increases of 10 cents an hour to all UAWCIO hourly and salaried employes and 10 cents an hour in the base pay of incentive and production workers William E Paris operations manager oi the company and Hieharc Gosser regional director of the union said the agreement effective Monday would continue until the wage pattern of the automobile industry is established definitely at which lime the wage status of UAWCIO workers would be renegotiated COMMUNICATIONS Walkout of New York Western Union em ployes ends expect restoration of normal service to take a few days Striking tugboat workers in New York harbor voted Monday to accept arbitration grievances which led to their week old walkout The strikers voted on an agreement reached Sunday by committees representing the union and the tugboat companies af fecled The owners met simultaneously to act on the agreement but had reached no decision when they adjourned for lunch SHIFT MAY PUT BOWLES IN TOP ECONOMIC JOB Formula for Ending Steel Workers Strike Is Reported Imminent Washington house said officially for the first time Monday that changes are in prospect in top administration personnel and indicated announce ment of a formula lor settling the steel strike was imminent Press Secretary Charles G Ross told a news conference in reply to Questions that personnel changes are in but he declined to elaborate Asked whether they had to do with the stabilization high com mand he left it for reporters to use their own phraseology At the same time Boss said When and it a steel settlement is announced there will be a full examination of all the mathe matics entering into At one point Ross indicated that a series of developments might be wrapped up into one Reporters got the impression he meant that there was a possibility of one statement covering person nel changes a steel settlement and a wage formula However Hoss did not clear up this point Ross sail the announcement would come from the white house Asked whether such an an nouncement was not already pre pared he merely smited As to whether there would bs a formal announcement Monday Ross said he did not know but he repeated that changes in person The Major charge funeral home in case goes to MacArthur for final review Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and colder Monday night with low est temperature 0 Tuesday light snow with little change in tem perature Mostly cloudy colder Mon day snow flurries extreme east Monday forenoon partly cloudy and colder Monday night Tues day cloudy with light snow north and central and rain or snow extreme south portion Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night colder south and east and continued cold northwest Tues day light snow slowly rising temperature northwest and ex treme IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning put the recommended increase into effect immediately We await the governments ac tion in putting the increase into the workers pay envelopes throughout the industry at ortce While this may be the largest single increase ever granted in the industry we do not pass at this time as to whether the rec ommendation does substantial Clark said the statement meant that the union committee had de cided to fhold in abeyance a de cision on the recommendation A spokesman who declined use of his name told reporters we have a waiting The meat packing industry as yet has not announced its position re gard to the panel recommenda tions U S Against UNO Probe of Dutch East Indies Condition London United States came out Monday night against Russias demand for a united nations security council investigation conditions in the Dutch East Indies arguing any this time might upset Dutch efforts to establish peace in the islands Dmitri Blanuilsky foreign commissar of the Soviet Ukraine told the security council Monday it should act to restore peace in the Netherlands East Indies lest the situation there like the civil war in Spain be a prelude to a great world war Manuilsky opposed the declaration of the Dutch foreign minister net are in prospect Asked about a possibility that John C Collet trillretire as eco nomic stabilizer and be succeeded by OPA Administrator Chester Bowles with broadened authority over priclngr Ross simply said here was nothing official yet on any personnel changes Any possibility of action on that Monday a reporter asked He replied in the affirmative On personnel changes a re porter asked Ross said yes Persons familiar with white house strategy said Monday a strikeending steel price boost is near announcement With it they said will come 3 new wageprice policy placing Bowles firmly in the drivers seat One of these could be identified by that barring unexpected delays U S Steel corporation was to have received notice of the new price Sunday night He added his belief that it would be high IDEAL GIRL Hollywood Earl Carroll who should qualify as an exper after choosing hundreds ol beau tiful girls for his revues said Monday the ideal girl is 5 feet 1 inches tall and weighs 120 pounds She also has a 24 inch waist 35V4 inch hips 34 inch bust am 194 inch thigh Carroll also in cludes a 12 inch neck 9 inch ankles and 6 inch Senate Delays Action on Strike Legislation Washington senate la bor committee decided Monday to delay action upon strike control legislation until it has conducted public hearings on the Case bil passed by the house Chairman Murray announced the full committee Maximum 35 Minimum 19 At 8 a m Monday 19 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 12 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 25 Minimum 15 At 8 a m Sunday 14 YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 23 would meet in closed session Thursday to decide upon hearing procedure on the houseapproved measure We will have to have additional hearings because there area lot of matters in the Case bill that are not covered in our Murray told his committee The senate committee has taken lengthy testimony on the admin istration factfinding bill and several proposed substitutes American Army Stages Raids on German Camps Bad Toelx Germany ff The armys newly formed constab ulary staged lightning raids on displaced persons camps near Nuernberg and Munich Monday for the purpose of seizing evi dence and breaking up attempts by Poles and Yugoslavs to form groups hostile to the present Wazr saw and Belgrade governments Eelco Van Kleefens Sunday the council had no right to act because the situation in Indonesia was within the domestic control of the Netherlands government The league of nations had similar problems on the question of intervention in Spain the Ukrainian argued The league decided that was1 a domestic affair not concerning it and 2 years later the world was plunged into a terrible he said Officials ivcrc cautious about commenting on he final outcome of he controversy which was marked by a new round ot acri monious debate between soviet Vice Foreign Commissar Andrei Vishinsky and British Foreign Sec retary Ernest Bevtn Sunday Some suggested privately how ever that the council might decide to await the Indonesian reply to a new Dutch proposal for an In donesiancommonwealth made public in Batavia before taking action on Vishinskys demand that a 5power investigation commis sion be sent to the Netherlands East Indies Meanwhile UNO committees plugged away at a mass of ques tions which necessitated a 3hour session of the general assembly itself Sunday afternoon and eve ning Hold Meeting on Trumans Housing Plan Washington backstage Pressure for adjournment was heavier than ever but some mem bers of the United States delega tion expressed doubt that the final session could be held before Wednesday night or Thursday de spite efforts of leaders to wind things up by Tuesday night Vishinskys proposal to send a commission to Indonesia was op posed by Bevin who said U wouh cast a slur upon the conduct o British Dutch Foreign Minister Eelo Van Kleffens declared Vishinsky alarm was unfounded and sail that while the Dutch were willin to have a commission investigat British military action they couli not approve its delving into In donesian internal affairs owwow on President Trumans Tammoth homes for veterans rogram held promise Monday ot compromise that might peedy approval Members of the house banking ommittee indicated they might ear up the emergency bill they pproved last week and write an ther closer to lines of the white onse proposal which fixed a Z of the CIOs nationwide steel strike on the basis of President Trumans compromise wage in crease proposal of cents an hour Corporation officials already In Washington could not be reached and a spokesman for the striking united steelworkers said he had no word of the price de cision Announcement of the new wage price to liberal ize price increases enough to per mit higher wage in other recon verting come late Monday along with announcement ear goal of new houses of them to cost or ess Banking Chairman Spence and Rep Wolcott anking republican planned to meet during the day to see wheth an agreement could be reached B a noncontroversial bill Wilson W Wyatt the new hous ng expediter who drew up the emergency program was expected o join them Speaking for committee republi cans Wolcott told reporters We are not very far apart There is no reason why we democrats and republicans should not get He objected only to one pro posal fn the presidents request for legislation This calls for price ceilings on existing houses That issue can wait until we take up the OPA continuation Wolcott said Spence told newsmen he ex pected the new housing bill to be introduced later in the week win j of the steel price this official said A new draft was written Satur ay night he asserted and should each President Truman and other op officials for approval Monday The governments new economic meup as forecast by several of icials would give OPA Boss Ingrid Home Hollywood Ingri Bergman has returned to her home and is recovering from Bowles full authority over wage and price questions as head of the office of stabilization administra or The OSA it was predicted irobably will be split off from lohn W Snyders office of war mobilization and reconversion and e set up as an independent agency This then would be the eco nomic line of command Snyder to stay on as sion director but shorn of much authority over stabilization affairs Bowles to replace Collet as OSA chief Collet will return to Mis souri as roving federal judge for the entire stale He took leave last October to come to Washington at Mr Trumans request Paul A Porter chairman of the federal communications commis sion to replace Bowles as OPA administrator Asks Divorce Hollywood Actress Gail Patrick has announced shs soon will sue Dean White for di vorce charging mental cruelty They were married in Jackson ville July 11 while White was in the navy Sinco then she gave premature birth to twins who died Both she and tonsillectoMy her studio reporte White previously had been Jnar Monday ried ;