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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME coup OCMftTHCNT Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES KOINES IA LWCHU L Associated Press and United Press Full PLANE WITH 24 ABOARD FALLS IN MISSISSIPPI Part of Urge Craft Found in Channel 15 Miles Below Memphis Memphis ersons lost their lives when an Airlines Transcontinen tal plane crashed into the Missis river Thursday night JU S army started aisinr sections of the giant plane Shortly Friday but rifting of the section carrying the Passengers was delayed until ar I ival of heavier salvage equip Bnent The engineers recovered one fmg parts of the fuselage a lug jage door several seat cushions a mail bag II There was no indication wheth Y bodies would be found in the fissengcr compartment i coast guard and U S army engineers were conducting the J search in a 22 foot channel 15 f miles below Memphis where an Ifemploye of the engineers said he I saw the ship crash and explode Several crewmen with the U S engineers reported hearing the plane flying low overhead and one said he saw it hit the water and sink seconds later after be I ing enveloped in flames There was a terrific explosion fire said Charley Williams watchman for an engineers crew It seemed to sink immediately Williams said the plane hit the t water about 50 or 75 yards from I his barge and that something exploded H sounded like when you light a skyrocket He said there later was a swishing I sound and then an explosion like a big firecracker before it sunk beneath the water Vernon Royer of Hickman Ky t operator of a boat with the barge said he felt the waves slap the boat soon after the crash When Williams and Foreman V R Wellborn reached the scene byboat they found no trace of I the big plane which was enroute from Los Angeles to New York Williams said the plane was on Further Cut in Whisky Ration Made Des Moines ra tions in Iowa Friday were reduced to one pint for each permit holder in the last week in February and onefifth of a gallon for the en tire month of March The present ration on whisky sales is onefifth of quart during each akernate week This was a week The new ra tion will go into effect next week when whisky again will be avail able The state liquor control commis sion in announcing the reduced rations said the action was taken because of the dwindling supply of stocks and increased demand A spokesman for the commission said it was impossible to know at this time what steps would be taken after March 31 lo protect the stocks Commission officials attributed a considerable portion of the in creased demand to the desire of permit holders to make their pur chases before a federal tax in crease becomes effective March 1 Sales last month reduced the inventory from 87000 cases Jan 1 to 45000 cases Jan 31 Al lotments from distilleries also have been reduced All stores and warehouses will be closed Feb 28 and 29 to per mit inventories to be taken joint ly by representatives of the fed eral alcohol tax unit and com mission employes to determine tho amount of excise lax that will be due on the floor stocks and to permit employes to put into effect the increased prices due lo the tax The increase in prices TMarch 1 will be the amount of thr neiv federal tax if effective at that time a commissionstatement said The tax will amount to cents a quart on 100 proof whisky The fifth or quart available to each permit holder in March may bepurchased in either he week beginning March 6 or the week beginning March 20 Pints will not be sold in During the whisky week be ginning 14d hen the one pint limit will be effective wine will be available as usual but only to those hot purchasing whisky Nochange was made in iTaUons of niiscelteneous distilled THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 11 1941 HOME EDITION firmi This Paper Consists ol Two NO It9 Nazi Tanks Strike as Rains Rob Allies of Needed Plane Support Germans Quickly Make Use of Weather With Deadly Probing Skill TO THE VICTOR Gen Charles Coilett whose 7th infantry division veterans seized Kwajalein atollin the Marshals is shown center with pistol on ICwajalein island inspecting captured Jap positions This is a U S array signal corps photo jlsaW and appeared to be tipped la little to the right but the eri Jffines seemed to be all right and 11 here were no flames It angled I into the river about half way I a cross Coast guardboats andseveral I searching parties including 1 from the Airlines Memphis office and of agents from the fed Isral bureau of investigation parties including one lior 3 hours before daylight 1 At least 10 of f he 21 passengers the plane Flight No 2 Ivhich stopped at Dallas and Little were members of the armed forces The 3 crewmen were Capt VD B Francis First Officer R R Majors and Stewardess D o v i e Holybee all based at Fort Worth Weather conditions at the time the plane reported itself near the minutes before due in described as scattered broken clouds with the temperature near freezing Among the passengers who lost their seats on the liner but reached Memphis on a later flight were Walter HKilbourne vice Evi dent of the American Aviation corporation at Jamestown N Y and Ralph T Burgin machinists mate 1st class of Cincinnati en route home on leave They were put off at Dallas by persons hold ing higher than No 4 priorities The plane was communicating with the airlines office when it crossed a route marker at Bruin Ark which notifies the pilot to prepare for landing It did not make the routing contact with the airport tower lor landing instruc tions Officials were unable to advance any probable cause of the crash J O Connor Memphis station manager said the coast guard and u S engineers were in charge of the search The engineers sent a barge with a crane to the scene and hoped to raise the plane and bring it to Memphis before remov ing any bodies The coast guard reported that drag lines had located part of the plane and preparations were being rnride to lift it Bronko Nagurski Noted Player Is Placed in Class4F Minneapolis Na gurski the former Minnesota all American who returned to pro fessional football with the Chicago Bears last fall and who recently executed a successful comeback as a jvrestler is physically unfit for military service Army doctors at Ft Snelling re jecled the 35yearold athlete Friday after 3 days of examina tion i Back and knee injuries suffered in football were believed the cause He will rclurn to International Falls Minn where he sandwiches farming between his sports ac Aussies Yanks Join Forces Below Saidor New Guinea Bv MORRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor The Japanese faced a furtherbreakdown of vital southern de fenses Friday while American naval and air squadrons hacked away at the enemys severed line of islandbases inthe central Pacific Nipponese forces once ant in all of the Bismark archi pelago suffered a decisive defeat when Australian and American troops joined hands below Saidor New Guinea to complete occu pation of the juhgiecovered e san Tuesday in continuing assaults on tillers and the outstanding permits makes rthis action necessary the statement said Oiir allocations of whisky from distillers from Jan 1 1943 to Jan 1 1944 averaged less than 32000 cases per month Since Oc tober 4 of our suppliers have sold their inventories to other distil lers or withdrawn them from sale to be distributed holders as dividends As a result our allocations for January February and March have been reduced to less than 30000 cases a mojth Our sales of whisky in Janu ary were 37000 cases and for the week ending Feb 5 19469 cases Permits outstanding on Feb 1 reached a total of 338000 as com pared to 172000 Feb 1 1943 Obviously we cannot continue to draw on our inventories for such excess sales and continue operations Due to reduced bottle and carton supplies delays in transportation beyond our con trol and the difficulties of our own transportation problem by reduced mileage permitted us it is necessary to carry some surplus slocks Huon peninsula I headquarters showed Successful conclusion of the 51 The navy disclosed the 12th raid T war against Wake island the allies control of an ad but of fensive cost hfe Japanese the bulk of approximately 14000 men The Australians who swept up the Huon peninsulaand the UiS nun wiv wio amti troops which met 10 milessouth targets in the Marshalls with 114 of the American beachhead at tons of bom Saidor now command positions s Trrn which to strike at enemy Madang itself has been reported abandoned by the Japanese and allied planes have turned their attacks on nearby Alcxishafen Aerial blows fell anew on Ra baul keystone of the enemys southwest defense system guard ing the approaches to the Philip pines It was the 9th raid in 11 days but a naval spokesman at Snow Shoveler Absent Boy Does Work Winnetka 111 and Mrs William B Watkins paid 311000 for the services of Perry Dimlap Smith headmaster of the North Shore Country day school as a snow shoveler al a war bond slave auction It snowed and the Watkins family Friday called for Smith to shovel the snow But he was out of town The Watkins paid a boy 25 cents to do the work of the 511000 snow shoveler Gen MacArthurs headquarters declared the worst is yet to come The enemy lost 640 planes at Ra baul between Dec 17 1943 and Feb 8 against 130 for the allies a compilation by south Pacific Is northeast of leih Americancaptured atoll in the ararshalls A 3day series of army air strikes smashed at unspecified bases in the Madang sector bs while surface units of the Pacific fleet shelled 2 en emyheld islands of the same coral group seriouslv threatened by the U S acquisition of Kwajalein Far across the Pacific in a front of growing importance Lt Gen Cheng TungKuo commander of Chinese forces in India and Bur ma told a Chungking rally that Americantrained Chinese troops are advancing steadily on the Burma front Mercury Dips to 12 Below in Mason City Des Moines clear weather prevailed throughout most ot Iowa Friday in the wake of a storm that blanketed the state with ranging up lo 92 inches at Clinton Lowest temperature reported Thursday night or early Friday was 12 below zero at Fort Dodge Mason City and Spencer The mer cury began climbing Friday morn ing in all but the southeast sec tion where it was still snowing in the extreme corner of the slale al a in The weather bureau forecast much colder weather for most ot the stale Friday night with pos sible minimum readings of 20 be dow in the northern half 12 be low in the southwest and 10 below in the southeast It may drop even lower in certain localities the above figures being for the areas as a whole the bureau said No additional snow was expected Highways were open throughout the state Uut snow was drifting on them in the southeast section the highway commission reported There were slippery sections of highway in all parts of the state Skies were clear throughout all but the southeast area The weather bureau forecast partly cloudy and colder weather Friday with a few snow flurries in the extreme east portion during the afternoon Fair and cold was the forecast for Friday night with slowly rising temperatures and diminishing winds Saturday Temperatures fell Friday morn nig in some parts of the southeast section At Iowa City the low during the night was 11 above but the mercury dropped to 6 above by 9 a m Subzero tem peratures were reported for the entire state except the southeast portion Minimum temperatures reported upfto earls V Friday included all vbeiow antr Sioux City Charlies City Des Moines and Ames 4 Council Bluffs and Newton 3 Waterloo and marshal town 2 and La mom 1 Above zero minimum wore re ported as follows Cedar Rapids 3 Ottumwa j Iowa City II Du buque 13 Clinton and Muscatine 14 Burlington and Davenport 15 Snowfall reports included all figures in Lamoni 9 Fort Dodge B Coun cil Bluffs 7 Muscatine 61 Iowa City and Sioux City 6 Davenport 55 Cedar Rapids 45 Mason City Burlington Charles City Perry Ames and DCS Moines 4 Ottumwa 35 Dubuque and dlewton 3 Spen cer 2 Waterloo seventenths Seven inches of snow was on the ground at Carroll but only Is Income Tax Return Getting You Down Your newspaper boy is not re quired lo carry a GlobeGazette to anyone who owes him more than 40c Are you a single person with income of or more f inCT Are you a married person with an individual income of more n ithan for L 1943 Did you pay or owe a fed eral income tax for 1942 Do you have a terrible head ache Are y o u v teeth worn halfway down and your pencils all the Dizzy way from chewing on them Does your wife accuse you of muttering in your sleep some thing unintelligible about Form 1040A You have the symptoms You are about to file a federal in come tax return But dont is com ing Dont give up the First of all since misery loves company let us offer the solace that you are just one of many millions The woods are full of people who during the next month will file their first federal in come tax rg turn Best of all n i r I you are going to get s p r a c t ical sislance Just lay away your w o r k sheets your pencils and let your headache subside Get I ready for a I nice fresh un worried start Please Wait You have only 24 hours to wait IN THE NEXT ISSUE OF YOUR GLOBEGAZETTE YOU ARE GOING TO GET A COPY THE TAX JOME TAX AND HOW TO FIGURE IT IN 1944 It contains26 nice simple rules which you nead only to follow in order one at a time You dont even have to read it all Part of it is in cartoon type Even if you already have sent in your return you might get a kick out of paging through the primer And it doesnt cost you a cent The publishers of the Globe Gazette want their readers to be happy So they provided the primer for all subscribers in order to help them over the March 15 hurdle as quickly and as easily as possible The authority and accuracy of the primev is guaranteed by its source the Associated Press the foremost newsgathering agency in the world The ID page pamph let is written by Alexander George AP features staff writer He stated his purpose as follows This booklet tells how you can make out your tax return on 1943 income more easily and how you can save money by making the most of allowable deductions Its primary aim is to help wage earners who comprise the vast bulk of the nations 59 million federal income taxpayers Here arc some of the things the booklet will tell you Who must file a return Which form should you choose long form No 1040 or the short form No 1040A What deductions are allowed Can you qualify for a refund because of payroll deductions How should you figure your Victory tax How about exemptions tor soldiers HOW YOU MAY SAVE SOME MONEY Just hold cvcrythina folks You have only a 24 hour wait for The Tax Primer H 2 i inches morning fell since Thursday Railroad and bus lines reported they were operating on schedule Airline operations throughout Iowa were normal Standard N J Forced to Convert to Coal jfor RUSSIANS HACK DOWN GERMANS CAUGHTINTRAP Nazis Refusing to Give Up Reported Slaughtered Like Sheep BULLETIN London Premier Joseph Stalin Friday announced the capture of the rail junction of Shepetovka 45 miles southeast of Rovno and 27 miles east of the old Polish frontier Shepetovka is on the junction of the Berdichev Warsaw mainline and the Koro stenTaruopol lines It is an im portant rail station and a vital link in the German defense system Moscow reel armys spearheads thrusting against the steadily diminishing circle of death around nazi forces in the Dnieper bend were hacking Ger manheld salients to pieces Friday and relentlessly cutting down all who refused to surrender Bed Star soviet army organ said the Germans were slaughtered like sheep on the open steppes aud declared he entire garrisons of the villages of TTakh nov and Myled had been exter minated as 2 Russian columns iso lated them from other units re treating toward Korsun Coming events may prove Kor sun one of the bloodiest spots an the eastern front if the nazis con tinue to fight back and refuse lo give up in the face of sure death It is a very old town of about 10 000 population The corridor had now been re duced to a bare 5 miles width and IS miles length and inside were the remnants ot 10 German diyisiansor between 100000 and 15090W German soldiers whose slaughter or capture promised to he the greatest single German dis aster since Stalingrad Many inhabitants of Korsun and other towns within the circle have made their way to the soviet lines by night but the civilian popula tion within the ring of soviet guns was still a problem Bent on com pletely wiping out every German the Russians were forced to use tanks and tommyguns in running down their foe and refrain from using their heavy artillery in a blazing barrage The indications are that no Ger man officer had been able to es cape the encirclement in the last 48 hours and it was believed a number of high ranking nazis were still caught within the soviet ring To the south another body of Germans was threatened with en circlement in the Krivoi Rog area by red army thrusts to the north soutli and east of that mineral cen ter but the Germans showed no signs of attempting ot get out Even if they pulled out it would be a race for them to get to Kher son at the Dniepers mouth or at Nikolacv before the Russians cut their escape route in their ad vance westward from Apostolovo By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Algiers armored units taking advantage of rains and cloudy weather which robbed the British and Americans of their most potent defense their air force were reported v if ft with deadly probing skill Allied Forces Reported in Tough Spot By C It CUNNINGHAM Allied Headquarters Algiers UR and British invasion orces are in a tough spot on the Anzio beachhead fighting with heir backs to the sea against an enveloping ring of G German di visions eyewitness accounts from he front said Friday Military observers who have iust returned from the beachhead made effort to minimize the gravity of the situation and warned that the 5th army position iliere could become a liability to the allied high strategy These sources said the landing has failed to attuin its principal objective to divert German troops from the Gustav line and 3nable the main 5th army lo break through at Cassino for a juncture withthe invasion forces The failure to achieve the break through must have been a bitter disappointment to LtGen Marie W Clark commander of the 5th aiiny who told guests at his head quarters on the eve of the landing Tomorrow is the big day We will be fighting very close to Home Correspondents at headquarters realized for more than a week that the invasion was not foing according to plan but official ex planations issued here gave no in dication that the beachhead had been seriously imperiled Headquarters c o r r e s pendents have received daily directives and background information from official spokesmen but have been forced lo rely on conjecture for a picture of the actual facts Thursday for instance almost the entire weight of the allied Mediterranean air forces includ ing fortresses and liberators was thrown in one mass swoop against Boston Oil com pany of New Jersey one of the nations largest kerosene and fuel oil distributors has been forced to convert from oil to coal heat at its New England office here because its ration coupon supply was ex hausted Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Fri day night Lowest temperature in Mason City 20 Iowa Fair and colder with much colder extreme east Friday night with temperatures 5 to 15 below Saturday fair rising NAZI SETTLERS STRUGGLE WEST Flee From Southern Ukraine to Poland Bern ragtag army o hundreds of thousands of terror stricken homeless German set tlers from the southern Ukraine was reported streaming into Po land by ox cart buggy sleigh and foot Friday The mass evacuation of Gcr inan civilians Avho were lured into temperatures west portion in i migrating to the rich farmlands afternoon stretching from the Dniester to the Don rivers above the Black sea was ordered by Gestapo Chief Ileinrich Himmlcr as nazi forces fell back before powerful red army offensives The German newspaper Essener National Zeitung said Himmler the German attempt troops massing for an to drive the invasion Minnesota Fair and continued cold Friday night Saturday fair Rising temperature in the after noon Light winds becoming moderate Saturday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday IB above Min Thursday night 11 below At 8 a m Friday 11 below At 9 a in Friday 12 below At p m Friday l below Snow 4 inches Precip 30 inch The bitter 12 below Friday morning was the second coldest temperature of this winter the only time the mercury going low er having been on Jan 8 when 3 minus 13 was registered YEAR AGO Maximum n Minimurn if Minus 4 Precipitation1 04 Snow so has given orders to Gauleiter Greiser of the Wartheland prov 80 per cent of Germanoccupied take emergency measures for the tem porary shelter of the evacuees The newspaper acknowledged that 140000 refugees already have arrived in Lodz with 1200 more entering the town daily Warsaw was believed attempt ing unsuccessfully to shelter at least twice as many fleeing from as far east as Rostov Struggling across the endless Russian steppes and fathomless murk through the pitiless icy Rus sian winter nijchts the mileslong column of German settlers is fighting and pushing westward tbe Essener National Zeitung said forces back into the sea An aerial barrage of that scope has only been undertaken in the past when the allied ground forces found themselves in a seri ous position such as at Salerno and at Kasserine Pass in Tunisia when the battle was going against us The question now being asked is why this was not done before in view of the frequent and well publicized warnings that a major German counter attack must be expected The allied aerial attack has been hampered somewhat by bod weather which may also hinder tho transport of any troops which Clark may have been planning lo send to the aid of the beachhead forces But Hie principal question asked by correspondents and ob servers here is why the initial landings were not exploited lo the hilt The first spearheads of the landing forces punched their way almost immediately lo within striking distance of he Appian army of way the cutting of which would have been one of their obvious initial objectives The Alban hills which domi nate both the Appian Way and the Via Casilina south of Rome also would seem lo have been a logical objective But apparently no determined effort was made lo achieve either one although German Field Mar shal Albert von Kesselringhad withdrawn 3 divisions from the Rome area to the main oth army front and left the beachhead un defended The explanation advanced by military men is that no comman der would stretch his lines thin in into the northern flank of Anzio bridgehead Friday In an action which in itself in dicated the seriousness of tho situation which had developed on the front below Rome the allied command Thursday concentrated virtually every combat plane In the Mediterranean theater includ ing flying fortresses and liters lors into a furious defense of the bridgehead front But by Friday afternoon the rains had cantelccl out much ot this air support and a dispatch from the area by Kenneth L Dix on Associated Press correspon dent said he Germans took prompt advantage of the freer hand given them by the condi tions In Washington President Roose velt said a very tense situation prevailed und that the allies were praying for good weather to aid sea and air operations The powerful force less than 3 weeks ago seized a wedge of const and thrust a surprise spearhead into the German flank had become besieged ringed by superior numbers and holding an open coastal plain with the aid of hundreds of massed guns These guns Irained to fire in timed blasts with devastating and almost instantaneous effect on given targets were credited in correspondents dispatches with having arrested the German at tacks at least one Germans were exploiting growing numbers and least 5fulITHvSfons gade in line to throw into aa aH out assault There was no confirmation here however on the German high commands claim that Carro ceto ApriliaX 10 miles north of Anzio already had been entered by the nazis The latest information here was that the allies still were fighting north of that place The official communique spoke o heavy fighting around a fac tory building which is located just northwest ol a key junction It apparently has been serving a re peating role as the anchor point for defenses of both sides of the shifting struggle in that sector The use of tanks as artillery gives them an additional role in the landing area Both the allies and the nazishave been working tanks into infantry spearhead tasks since the first contact was made after the invasion The nazis now are adapting them to hitrun tactics on a smaller scale but similar to those ot the huge rail road gun which the Germans have been sneaking within range to harry shipping in Anzio bay when ever possible But 2 can play that game American lank destroyers have been shifted back and forth be tween the eastern flank of the beachhead front and the northern a dash to capture such objectives leaving his flanks exposed to a possible counterblow 12 Stolen Eggs Are Found in Mans Pocket Twin Falls Idaho man Charles Vance searching a prisoner he was booking for in toxication reached into the mans pocket and found 12 eggs all broken which the prisoner alleg edly had stolen from a coftcc shop kitchen Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGaicttc carrier boy ALLIES ITALIAN BEACHHEAD Statute Miles TOUGH GOING beachhead below Rome is shown on this map While Anglo American forces consolidated their positions in the face of mountingenemy air activity crowing German power was hrust at the allies baltltnft with hacks to sea ;