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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME G Htsr MEM 43 r OEPT OF IOWA COM CES M Q I U C S I A HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 11 1941 WILLKIE PLFA SenlBnritJain to 10 Each Month jw ibkaiL I LbM Dont Dodee Corners in Struggle AgainstAxis URGES PASSAGE Speed Toward 31 TRANSPORTS ARE OBSERVED OVER BUDAPEST Communications With Bulgaria Broken and Then ReEstablished BELGRADE Jugoslavia Ileets of thrceengined German troop transport planes were re ported sighted over Hungary luesday speeding southeast in the direction of Rumania and Bul garia Thirtyou of the then markings clearly iiew low over Budapest reports from the Hungarian capital said W The planes were identified by military observers as transports of the type the nazi army used to ferry parachute troops in campaigns on the western front Telephone exchanges in ollier Balkan capitals reported that communications with Bulgaria were cut off during he morning They were reestablished in the early afternoon but there was no explanation of the rupture Military and political observers in this neutral Balkan capital ex pressed the belief that events were moving swiftly in southeaster Europe following Britains rup ture of relations Monday with Ru mania and reports that soviet Russiahad notified Bulgaria she wouldnotoppqse a movement of G ermab troops through Bulgaria TP T Diplomatic quarters specu lated whether Germanys next move would be an ultimatum to Sofia demanding the right of passage for nazi troops or whether he German columns simply would begin moving across the Danube from the Ru manian shore where they now are massed in considerable numbers v Tension in Bulgaria was further sharpened by the explosion Mon day of a train of 39 tank cars car rying Russian aviation fuel des tined for Germany The train blew up half a mile inside Bulgaria from the frontier town of Can too and Bulgarian authorities were reported to suspect sabotage trainmen were killed Bulgarias anxiety is sharp be cause German forces in Rumania are only across the Danube river from her own shore and her terri tory Is a likely military highway through the mountainous Balkans to Greece and Turkey Reliable diplomatic sources in Sofia said Monday night that Arkady A Soboleif a special Russian envoy lo Sofia had told Begdan Philoff and Ivan Pop nff Bulgarias premier and for eign minister not to expect the red army to intervene if Ger many should march through Three hundred miles on the other side of Bulgaria across the Greek frontier Britain has an air ileet and the break Monday in BritishRumanian relations is re garded as a sign that she would not hesitate to use it if the nazis penetrated deeper into the south east Caught between these two po tential threats Bulgaria was said to have sought the attitude of the U S S R always regarded as her Slavic big brother and a barrier to deeper nazi pcncrtation Al thougl tier there is no common fron bctwecn Russia and Bulgaria they are separated only by a few miles of Germanheld Rumania British Legations Ready to Leave ISTANBUL Turkey ish legations throughout the Bal kans have sent all their important records and documents to Turkey and their staffs are ready lo leave at a moments notice reliable in formants said Tuesday British subjects are arriving here daily from all over the Bal kans It was understood that it would Be necessary to remove only a number of Britons from Balkan countries if such action be comes necessary It vas believed here that Gen James Handipide Marshall Cornwall and Air Marshal Sir T Elmhurst of the British middle rana cooperation in event ol a German thrust to the south Travelers from Egypt and Pal estine reported that only a frac tion of the available British em pire forces in the east had en gaged in the Libyan campaign Political quarters said the Brit ish Prime Minister Winston Chur speech Sunday coni firmed their worst fears In charg mg that German troops were fil tering into Bulgaria Belief was expressed that Germany had chosen the infiltration technique because an open move might have provoked Turkey Tension Mounts in Balkans Area LpNDON diplo maticsources snid Tuesday that Britain is expected to break dip lomatic relations with Bulgaria if German troops in uniform are ad mitted into that country As tension mounted steadily in thc Balkans where Britain Mon day severed relations with Ru mania British sources said that Bulgarias denial of the presence of German troops failed to dispel doubts expresed by Prime Min ister Churchill Churchill in an empire broad cast declared Sunday that a con siderable German army and air force is being built up in Rumania and Us forward tentacles have al ready penetrated Bulgaria with we suppose the acquicscene 15 British Neutral Ships Reported Lost in Week Ending Feb 1 LONDON Fifteen British allied and neutral merchantmen totaling 57263 tons were sunk in the war at sea in the week ended Feb 1 the admiralty reported Tuesday The losses were given as 11 British vessels totaling 40429 tons three allied ships totaling 13872 tons and a neutral mer chantman of 2962 tons The total compared with ai average of 62000 tons weekly since the beginning of the war Tlie January weekly average was 34000 tons and the December weekly average was 68000 tons 5 Dead Score Hurt as Blast Wrecks Homes Starts Fires in Philadelphia Probe Made PHILADELPHIA At least fiv e persons were killed and more esons were e and more than a score injured early Tuwday in iliuminating gas o pin So ns Im Soulh d One of the dead was Patrolman James Clark who was crushed to death by a failing wall when he ran into a house in an attempt to rescue its occupants The first blast occurred at 5 am and was followed in about 15 minutes by a second A third came four hours later as rescuers were digging through the ruins Thc force of the explosions cracked the pavement in nearby streets nnd hurled chunks of as phalt into the air Burning gcs shot through the crevices Win dows were shattered in homes for two blocks and many residents ran screaming from their homes Deputy Fire Chief William bimmler laid the explosions to il I mminating gas but had no further explanation At least 23 persons were taken In hospitals Many others were treated at thc scene bjphysi cians and nurses eastern Thrace command were now in planning BritishTurkish The scene is in the heart of south Philadelphias thickly settled Latin quarter The homes wrecked by the first two blasts were on opposite sides of the same street Fire spread quickly through the row of houses Occupants were routed by police The area was roped off Rescuers saved three policemen who were buried when a wall tumbled into the street Eyewitnesses described scenes of suffering and destruction Joseph Ciliberti 47 who fled his dows were shattered said lie saw a man and a boy their clothing afire run from one wrecked build ing I heard thc explosion and looked out the window Ciliberti said The front of the house at 1112 Greenwich street was lyin in the street Out of the smotie and wreckage I saw the man and his son The man was on fire The son was almost naked I ran down and pushed them into my Mouse The son hacl beaten out he flames on his fathers uiffht Thc residence at 1112 was he scene of the first bias which blew out thc walls and the roof and was followed by fire Samuel Rinaldi 38 said he was house nearby when explosion occurred insurance patrol leaving his the second and added I saw two men walk up the street and when thc second blast happened they were picked up off their feet and thrown against the wall of a across the street They were both unconscious and I dragged them lo a corner where they were nut in a patrol car Thc Philadelphia Gas Works company ordered 20 men out to seek the cause At present we are in thc dark an official said Gas was shut off in the block affected The workmen bored the gas mains at cither end of the block and poured thick grease into the pipes thus shutting off the gas flow Libyan Oases Are Seized by Free French LONDON Gen Charles DeGaullcs headquarters reported Tuesday night that Free French forces have seized several oases in the Cufra area of southern Libya 450 miles south of Bardia Vichy dispatches reported that Free French forces which last month took Marzuk and El Gat run southwestern Libya from their Italian garrisons had struck northwestward to attack Gha dames near the junction of the Libyan Tunisian and Algerian frontiers This post is at the end of a motor military road 225 miles southwest of Tripoli The Cufra oasis however is about 440 miles due east of El Gatrun With reports of free French troops in Cufra and Ghardaines it was indicated that more than one tree French force was operating against Italian gar lisons in southern Libya LUMBER COAL STRIKE ENDED All Dealers Agree to Sign Contract With Local Drivers Union The two week old strike of the general drivers union against Ma son City coal and lumber dealers was ended Tuesday morning al employers having agreed to a con tract with the union Thecontractcalls for ji 2 A cent atfhour Wage increase pay for 4S per cent of the time lost durinj the strike and a seniority agree ment according lo Joe Pease business agent of the drivers union The strike began Jan 28 when the employers refused to sifn a union contract which contained a seniority clause objectionable to them All but two local coal deal ers signed the contract last week but lumber dealers had refused until Monday evenings negotia tions We feel that Die employers and drivers alike are glad that an un derstanding has been reached end ing the strike and restoring the friendly feeling which has existed between us said a statement is sued by the employers commit tee The seniority clause which was the main point of the controversy has been changed to the satisfac tion of those concerned The 2 cents an hour increase in wages is in keeping with the employers policy of paying their drivers ar wage while building in Mason City are as favorable as they have been and while our drivers continue lo work wholeheartedly for our interests as they have done in the past NAZISPOURING INTO BULGARIA Turkish Paper Asserts German Officers Claim Goal Is Bosporus By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An official Turkish newspaper said Tuesday German troops were souring steadily into Bulgaria with their officers declaring our goal s the Bosporus and the Mediter ranean In the heightening crisis Turk sh quarters in London said Tur ey would be willing to help Bul Bulgaria withstands Both British and Turkish sources in London said Bulgaria might re sist but thai failing soviet Rus sias help most likely she would yield if Germany demanded tran sit of nazi troops lo attack Turkey or Greece increased conditions garia if Germany The official Turkish newspaper Otrat Politika said German troops wearing civilian overcoats were arriving in the interior of Bulgaria via Dobruja and the Bulgarian Black sea port of Varna 80 YEARS AGO SPRINGFIELD 111 ham Lincoln whose 132nd birth day anniversary will be celebrated Wednesday departed from bpringficld 80 years ago Tuesday on his journey lo Washington to I assume the presidency MINTiRE BANK BANDIT IS HELD ADMITS HOLDUP Herman Peters 21 Captured on Farm in Chester Vicinity DES M01NES W Ncb ergall chief of the Iowa Bureau of Investigation announced the ar rest Tuesday of Herman Peters 21 on a Minnesota farm near the Iowa line in connection with the holdup and robbery Monday of the Aeina Savings bank of Mcln tire The chief said Peters was ar rested at the farm home of m uncle a miles from Chester in Minnesota Nebergall said Peters admitted the robbery and that S23360 in cash was recovered from him which was about all the money laken from the hank Peters is six feet four Inches tall and weighs over 200 pounds the chief said He was taken into custody by Max Studer an agent of the Iowa Slate Bureau Kd Antlelz of the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal In vestigation and officers of the Rochester Minn police depart ment and two loiva depuly sher iffs The chief said the car which Peters is alleged have driven away from the holdup played some part in liis capture al though it was abandoned not far from Mclntire Monday that been This was the third lim the Mclntire bank had robbed in recent years The vibbery occurred shortly after p m Monday R D Williams cashier and the bookkeeper Miss Grace OBrien were in the bank at the time of the holdup Monday He walked in like anv other customer and I thought he was a farmer Williams said He carried a hand Williams gun in his left said Put jour hands up This is a stickup the bandit shouted j He asked me to open thc safe but I told him I couldnt because it had a time lock which open Williams said But the bandit was not satis fied and Williams said he had to show the man that he was tell ing the truth The cashier said the bandit then demanded what cash there was in the cash drawer Williams said the man escaped m a green coupe which had been parked across the street He wore glasses and a cap He was dressed like a working man Officials at Cresco said the car iiad been stolen from the Bender bakery Mclntire is located in Northern Iowa near the Minnesota line and has a population of 268 U is in Mitchell county Minnesota authorities were asked lo aid in the search Miss OBrien said she was too excited at the time to give the oandit all the cash She however had faced bandit guns before Before the bandit left he warned Williams and Miss OBrien to lie on the ftoor for 15 minutes Short ly after he left however they jumped up and notified authorities of the holdup No one however direction taken by the iaw the bandit This was he first bank robbery in Iowa in 1041 Bank Was Robbed Twice Previously Mondays bank robbery at Mc lntire quickly recalled two othcr episodes at the same bank On Oct 27 1933 at 11 a m a one goggled bandit held up the Aetna Savings bank and look S600 n paper money R D Williams and Miss Grace O Bricn were the only ones in the at that time In that incident Ihe rofcber approached Mr Williams in the manner of a customer and then flashed thc rundemanding money The bandit responsible for the 1939 robbery was James Elmer Charleson according to identifi cation made by Mr Williams and OBrien Charleson of St Cloud Minn who confessed bank robberies at Monerey Minn and is serving a life sen ence on a charge of murder at Chattanooga Tenn In 1S26 yeggs blew up the safe of the Aetna bank during the night and escaped with 55000 MR AND MRS WENDELL L WILLKIE After he made a trip to England Wendell L Willkie w erywhere by the popping Of fash bnlbs willkie was s a kej wH ness before the senate foreign relations committee U SCanadian Joint Plan of Defense CompleteLaGuardia Conant Favors Sending Troops as Last Resort to Protect Way of Life for Ihe free way of life rests in the defeat of the axis powers11 Under questioning by Senator Vandenberg fi Mich the cdu WASHINGTON a y o r cfltor said he would be willing to OF LEND LEASE WITH CHANGES Declares England Needs Both Immediate and Long Term Assistance WASHINGTON AP Urging passage of the British aid bill with modifications Wendell L Willkie proposed to the senate foreign rela tions committee Tuesday that the United States should furnish Great Britain with five to 10 destroyers a month The 1940 republican presi dential nominee appearing in the senates big marbleAvailed caucus room where packed hundreds had waited for liouis to hear him declared in a pre pared statement thai Britain needs botti immediate and long term assistance Fiorello LaGuardia of New City told the senate foreign rela tions committee Tuesday that complete plans for joint defense o the United States and Canada were now in existence LaGuardia chairman of a joint commission created to coordinate defense plans of United States and Canada state ment in re sponse to an quiry by Sena tor Vandenbcrs RMich The plans ho said embraced tactics ques tions of terri tory nnd co ordination o f LACtUARDIA forces and were based nn the as sumption that equipment and per sonnel would be available to carry them out Adding his indorsement of the British aid bill to that of Presi dent James B Conant of Harvard University LaGuardia declared that thc measure was part of the national defense program of lie UnilcS States The stocky dynamicLaGuar dia testifying before the senate foreign relations committee im mediately after the silverhaired Conant had appeared said the bill should be approved from purely selfish American inter ests I cannlo afford lo theorize about the date of an attack or Ihe consequences of an attack or the probable effect of an altnck Hie mayor said It so happens that I Bin the chief executive of a own on the Atlantic coast He added that there had been almost no opposition to the de fense legislation which went through congress several months ago and if you wore for that you should be for this SAYS WAR ISSUE IS FREE WAY OF LIFE Flatly asserting that the axis powers must be defeated Dr James B Conant Harvard univer sity president told congress Tues day that as a last resort to defend nis way of life he favored ng American troopx to Europe The in the European war le testified before the senate for eign relations committee is the rce way of life opposed to H to talitarian way of life Senator Reynolds D X Car asked Conant how Ameri can soldiers should fight if ever they were sent abroad and Con ant rcnlied I would like to see Ihe axis powers made so in nocuous that they could not con tinue to threaten us they arc threateningus now Thc Harvard presidenthad argued in behalf of thc British aid bill that more terrible than in volving this country in war would be the responsibility for silently accepting policies which might lead to the wiping out on this con tinent of the free way of life He describee the present war as more religious than imper ialistic and asked his hearers to imagine thc position of this coun try in a world dominated by the German dictatorship If the enemy is as I believe e said is there any escape from he conclusion thai our beat hope go to war to smash the axis na tions if it were absolutely neces sary as a last resort The bald fact about the possibility of war he asserted is that any step we iike or even failure to take any step at all so long as Hitler is in the ascendant may lead to war The slight silverhaired Conan said that when he referred to de feafofrthe axis he meant placing the axis countries in such a pos ilton hat they could not by any stretch of the imagination threat en the free Way of life in this country That could not be achieved bj a stalemate in which neither side could cross the English channel could it Senator Vandenberf asked It certainly could not Conant replied iei siou of the continent Vanden berg suggested Im not sure of that Hie wit ness said It may be possiblethai the axis could be decisively de feated by action in the air alone Germany hasivt hcen able to achieve such a victory Vancien berg remarked She has never obtained real mastery of the air over Britain Conant said She obtained it over Holland and know the result we well Nazis Claim 2 Ships Sunk in Air Attack Made on Suez Canal German BERLIN German combat planes were reported Tuesday by the high command to have sunk two merchant vessels in iltack on shipping in the canal an Suez Successful raids also wove car out by German bombers on Lhe British base at Malta in he central Mediterranean and on a port on the Cirenacian coast in The Weather FORECAST IOWA Considerable h i h clDudlness Tuesday night and Wednesday somewhat warmer west and central Tuesday night M I NA ESOTV Considerable cloudiness Tuesday night ami Wednesday not so cold west and south Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 33 8 32 U Extended Forecast Extended weather forecast for the period from p m Feb 11 to p m Feb 15 Upper Mississippi valley The temperature will average well abovi normal No decided changes indicated Precipitation is ex pected to be light over Minnesota and Iowa light to moderate Wis consin and moderate to locally heavy in Illinois occurring the last half of the period returned to this coun try Sunday from a living tour of the British Isles As an example of immediate aid he told he committee that if we are lo aid Britain effec tively we should provide her with from five to leu destroyers a month We should be able to do this directly and swiftly rather than through the rigamarole dubious legalistic interpretations InciaenUHy if we are tcf wake available to Britain we should recondition in this country in our own yards Al As for modifications Willkie said it would be wise io limit the proposed aid to the British commonwealth China and Greece Willkie told thc committee that m discussing the legislation we must not hide important facts and we must have the courage to draw the proper inferences from the cannot live by dodging around corners Willkie said he believed a policy of isolation cvenlually would destroy civil liberties in Hie United Slates and would brmsr economic upheaval Thc witness last to be heard by the committee declared that Bri tain would require some time even with American planes to attain superiority in the air To render ineffective aid he disastrous he continued In effective aid would give Hitler jusl as good a pretext against us as effective aid But if our aid in ineffective Britain may go Willkic expressed approval of provisions made in the house In scl a time limit on thc powers granted the president in tin British aid bill and authorizing congress lo Icrminate the pro Siram by a majority vote nf both houses A study of the bille he said had forced upon him thc conclusion that the only way to render aid quickly enough is lo pass this bill with modifications All modifications should seek to limit any unnecessary authority granted in thc bill he continued I have gone the full limit ol my conscience in supporting the for eign policy of thc administration because of my great desire for na tional unity I have wanted lo see America stand before tiic world as tha friend of all who fight for liber ty the dcuoser of all aggressors and rtespoilers of the democratic way declared the man who cam paigned up and down the cpuntry m last years presidential cam paign It would he truly inspiring for u and libertyloving people everywhere if this bill could be adopted with a nonpartisan and almost unanimous vote I urge the majority in con gress to examine provisions witli the spirit of candor and sincerity o see if the bills true objective cannot be accom plished and yet eliminate any unnecessary grant of authority Discussing his suggestion foe transferring five to ten destroyers a month to Britain Willkie de clared that although SO destroyers recently had been traded to the British for western hemisphere naval bases Britain needs still more destroyers Merchant ships are making tha iransoccanic crossine without ;