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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME fr THE NEWSPAPER THAT ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV SOC1ATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 11 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 110 AUTO STRIKE SETTLEMENT REACHE All Depends on Senate Upper Body Holds Key to Court Reorganization F R Wants Court Program Unchanged By CHAKLES P STEWART ASH N G T O N CPA The fate of Presi dent Roosevelts plan to modify the American federal court system depends on the senate Such is the conse n s u s of Capitol Hills opinion R kll I PR WHFN Action on Pension Probe MEMS BERLIN SQUARE State Senate Told Investigations Just Waste of Time Crashes in Front of Circus Cage 15 Terrified Lions Roar BERLIN German mili Betting oicls 1 tary plane dived out of a blinding favor the snowstorm into a busy Berlin ceptance of the j market place Thursday spraying program by the the teeming square with burning gasoline killing six persons and creating scenes of the wildest re prcsentatives substantially as outlined As to I uanic the senate un official polls give approximately 31 votes to the president with 23 against him but this leaves 12 in doubt Of these a majority prob ably have not made up their own It ripped through trolley wires DES MOINES The Iowa senate postponed action Thursday on a proposal to investigate the operation of the state old age as sistance commission and the Iowa old age pension law The action came after Senator George M Hopkins R of Guth rie Center remarked Investiga tions are usually just a white wash and a waste of Ear lier this week the house passed and sent to the senate a resolution calling for the investigation Placing suggested amendments in the hands of an advisory com mittee the senate also postponed like a giant cleaver and struck actjon on the controversial home with a sickening crash directly in j stead tax relief bill which would front of a movable cage containI 15 lions part of a smal trav eling circus minds yet So large a doubtful j terrified roar of the lions bloc obviously makes guessing struggling to escape from the men certain j ace or fire that burst out through For practical purposes all details the scrccn of snowflakcs before of thc presidential them rose above thc screams of tion can be disregarded one Power to Appoint The suggestion that the presi dent be empowered to appoint an additional supreme court justice j up to a total bench of 13 for each i except j streetcar passengers and j of pedestrians All Five of Crew no cries When ambulances edged their I use the bulk of three point tax re ceipts to replace property taxes on homesteads House Lacks Majority Before adjourning again at mid day until Friday morning the house defeated by lack of a con stitutional majority a measure im posing the costs of house election contests on contestants if incumj bents are seated The vote was 53 to 49 and be LOOK INSIDE FOR VVnrll wav through the mass of people fore casting its roll call me house hpavri ihf charse bv Representa n five ai orce tne were dead pecially as to the lower federal courts also are argued but rela tively they are immaterial The supposition is that they will ef fect a May be so but that is not the nub of the presidential recommendation which manifestly is intended to enable the present administration to transform the predominantly conservative tribunal of today into a predominantly liberal one If all1 the remainder of the plan is adopted but not that item then the whcle thing fizzles from the new deals standpoint Process Too Slow Of course as a supreme court justice dies occasionally the courts complexion gradually can be made over but the process is too slow for the new dealers They want to complete c gov ernmental reorganization now and the supreme court delays them They may be out of office after 1940 Even if another new deal administration succeeds them they want the credit of having finished their task in their own political generation They want to leave what diplo mats call a fait accomplished fact They cannot do it with an ad verse supreme court majority ov erruling them The supreme court naturally is conservative because the United States has been very conservative until recently Therefore appoint ments to the supreme bench in the main have been conservatively dictated Being a fairly permanent body it has has not had time yet to ie fleet increasingly liberal tendcnj cies If these tendencies continue as seems likely the court by degrees will liberalize itself by successive replacements but the new dealers are indisposed to await them In the long run the new dealers could accomplish their purpose by a constitutional amendment but that is too slow To seek short cut is their objective Sit Down Strike The supreme courts weakness is that it is not a popular body The president is human Senators and burned The tri motored Junkers plane apparently emergency was trying landing in nearby Schiller park separated from the North Berlin scene of the crash by a small cemetery It was be zard had circled for some time looking for a landing place Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler who ordinarily travels by air was en route to his Berchtesgaden villa at the time of the storm However he was on train Thursday Burning Gasoline Scattered Burning gasoline from thc plane scaUeied over a wide area around the wrecked plane Several street cars in thc immediate vicinity were doused with thc flaming liquid The Lane fell at the busy com er of Muellerstrasse and Zec strasse It caromed oT a street car severing trolley wires which were short circuited An automo bile on the street caught fire and burned Thc air ministry said the plane heard the charge by Represents tive J E Craven D of Kellogg county that many such are rackets that should He sponsored the Extended debate centered upon existing house contests with ref erence to mounting costs which the state would be compelled to assume Handed the house at adjourn ment was a resolution by Repre sentative B B Hickenlooper R members asking for a joint house and senate investigation of the statehovise housing situation with the object of determining the ad visability of projecting a perma nent housing program Records in Danger The resolution set forth that with state departments scattered in many buildings due to cramped conditions in the capital valuable records were being kept ardous It cited also the payment of annually by the state in rental for these extra quarters and asked for an appropriation of to carry out the inquiry The senate passed eight bills mainly recertifying It received five proposals including Will Ford Frick Big Leagues to Spend on Training ON PAGE 13 Progress m Kanawha Experiments Is Shown ON PAGE 3 Test Case m Hearing on Pinball Machines ON PAGE 11 ENEMIES CLAIM 32 NO VOTES SURE IN SENATE LaFollette Probers Dig Into General Motors Use of Detectives WASHINGTON Reports that President Roosevelt wants congress to enact his court reor ganization program unchanged spread Thursday in administration quarters Battle lines over the court issue gradually were becoming more clearly drawn Opposition senators j claimed they had 32 sure votes lined up About30 have come out for reorganization More and more senate leaders called at the white house to dis cuss the situation with Mr Roose velt Coincident with formal settle ment of the General Motors strike in Detroit the LaFollette civil lib erties committee here dug into re lations between the huge corpora tion and the labor espionage serv ice of the Pinkerton national de tective agency Relations Were Severed Robert Wohlforth secretary of the committee testified the cor poration and its subsidiaries paid the detective firm from I January 1 1934 to July 31 1936 Pinkerton officials have testified relations between the two com panies were severed last January 31 Assistant Secretary of Labor Ed ward F McGrady said in discuss ing the strike settlement that long Evacuation of 3 Plants Considered at once of three striker occupied plants here was advanced as a possibility Thursday afternoon as an aftermath of a peace treaty terminating the General Motors strikes Adolph Germer organizer for the committee for industrial or ganization who previously had announced the evacuations would be deferred until a mass demon stration is held on Sunday said Thursday afternoon speedier re moval of the men was under con sideration Wyndham Mortimer first vice i one to submit to a general election was a imhtary reconnaisance titutional amendment reso plane en route from utjon ed at the last SESSion jtting nine 12 jurors to de Pomerania to Jueterbog Observers saw flames bursting from the plane when it crashed ANOTHER DAY OF MILD WEATHER Forecaster Says Cloudy and Rising Temperatures on Friday DES MOINES moderate weather prevailed in Iowa Thursday the second day in succession And the weatherman said cide civil cases Another bill received by the senate would require all public bodies and institutions to use Iowa coal rather than out of state coal where it would not bring addi tional expense Shaw Sponsors Bil ol Po of the Homestead bill which would use the bulk of three point tax re ceipts to replace taxes on home steads obtained consent of the senate that floor debate on the measure be postponed and said we will probably be ready to take tiup next The action came after Senator D W Kirnberly R of Daven port told the chamber he be lieved the senate committee which tfie way things appear now we re t thc bill out for debate anticipating another mild one and recommended passage acted He forecast partly cloudy I weather Thursday night and ijt js not my intention to VALENGIAGOAL French Threaten to Help Spanish Socialists Accuse Italy By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Conquering Spanish fascists drove eastward Thursday along the Mediterranean in what was construed as development a full force campaign against Va lencia temporary seat of the so cialist government From Paris the French irked by reported Italian assistance last weekend in the fascist seizure of Malaga took up again their threats to intervene in the war on behalf of the Valencia govern ment Madrid echoed to the roar of ar tillery and the chatter of machine j secrefary Morgenthau told a gun and rifle fire as her insur ess constant in rtnnt nno rtr Thn that The I and expensive strike disputes can I be avoided in the future if indus try labor and the government will apply themselves to a more civil ized method of settling their dif He called for use of reason intelligence and common Secretary Wallace urging ap proval of the administrations re quest for extension of the recipro cal trade policy told the senate fi nance committee that improved economic conditions and unfavor able weather had caused an in crease in agricultural imports last year He said the increase was not Fj h bod division due to the reciprocal trade gram Fariey Sworn in Afain PostmasterGeneral James A Farley was sworn in for his second term Flint organizer were expected to arrive from Detroit about 3 p m The decision would be made after that Germer said that General Motors planning to resume op erations in the occupied plants on Monday would require at least two days to get them in readiness No Further Advantage There was also a belief in union circles that with no further advantage to be gained by occu pation of the plants the men should be permitted to return home as soon as possible The men themselves jubilant over the termination of the strikes indicated they were will ing to continue their self imposed incarceration as long as their leaders considered it advisable The gates to the Chevrolet plant No 4 were opened by company guards Thursday Tnorn ing to permit the any strikers who desired to leave A group of strikers gath GENERAL MOTORS AGREES TO DEAL WITH LEWISITES Announces 5 Per Cent Hourly Wage Increase for All Employes Expected to Aggregate About Annually N AUTOLABOR AT A GLANCE By the Associated Press Motors strike ends peace pact signed Corporation bargain with United Automobile Workers union Feb 16 and recognizes it as representative of all its bers in General Motors employ W S Knudsen General Motors vice as serts corporation cannot enter into any agreement depriving any group of employes right to collective bargaining to which it is en Corporation agrees for period of six months after resumption of work not to bargain with any othergroup without first mitting issue to Gov Frank Murphy of Michigan for his sanction Five cent an hour wage increase grant announced by General Motors coincident with strike a I year ment President Roosevelt congratulates Governor Murphy on settle ered on the roof shouted we dont want to gates later were closed Theyll Have Nevertheless one striker called from a window that theyll have trouble keeping xus here until Union officials prepared to meet with the management of the Standard Cotton Products at 3 p in an endeavor to terminate a stay in strike in progress there since the first of January Seventy men are in which supplies mate Friday with rising temperatures Skies were generally fair throughout the state Thursday except for partial cloudiness in DCS Moines and Sioux City thc representatives are individually chatty and agreeable Supreme fourt justices are too dignified for weatherman said popular favor Anlicipaled low But they can do one thing Out of nine of them there are five whom the president wants to get rid of as over 70 They can declare a sit down strike and hang on indefinitely Boy Dies of Wounds Inflicted by Friend With Empty Gun DAVENPORT Shatter 14 son of Major For rest C Shaffer officer in charge of laboratories at the Rock Island arsenal died in a hospital here Thursday morning of wounds in flicted accidentally by his chum Allen F Crump with a revolver which he thought was The boys were enacting an ad venture story in the Shaffer home last Sunday when the accident oc curred temperatures Thursday night Northwest Iowa 25 degrees above northeast 20 degrees above southern half degrees above 30 The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday rising temperatures MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday ris ing temperature IN MASON CITY Weather figures for 24 hour per iod ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 21 Above Minimum in Night 4 Above At 8 A M Thursday 10 Above Wednesday and Thursday were February at its very sun and south wind throttle the Kimberly said However Id like to see it in shape so thai thc cities would get a break as well as thc farmers I represent Need Sales Tax Shaw explained that among other things the sponsors of the bill have considered making a pro vision for taking from sales tax receipts an allocation for relief He said they were in agreement that the provision continuing the sales tax should be kept in the bill Gov Nelson G Krascbel has suggested that the senate speed action on continuance of the sales tax and an allocation for old age pension payments so that an ad ditional Iowa aged can start receiving Before it took up the Home stead bill the senate passed a measure providing for the estab lishment of a state naval militia and one making a correction in es cape laws gent besiegers launched one oj thc fiercest attacks of recent weeks against Fuencarral a village on the capitals northern border In surgent air squadrons bombed the capitals outskirts Unify Regular Army At Barcelona 310 miles nqrth cast of Madrid the autonomous slate of Catalonia unified its reg ular army to insure that socialist stronghold against insurgent at tack Premier Leon Blums news paper Le Populaire declared if Italy and the reich do not cease their sabotage immediately and if international control is not estab lished as an irresistable movement of democratic opinion in this coun undoubtedly France would be obliged to resume action with regard to A general meeting of the French council of ministers was called for Friday morning pre sumably to deal with the situation Thc French parliament may air the quarrel Italian Troops There were reports that Italian troops landed recently at Cadiz Viscount Cranborne Brit ish undersecretary of state for for eign affairs told a house of com mons questioner according to my information there are large num bers of Italian1 personnel in Portugals rerusalto permit neu tral supervision of herSpanish border to curb Spanish imports of war materials and manpower plunged London negotiations of the international neutrality com mittee into another impasse German and Italian consent to inclusion of Russian warships in a naval patrol to keep foreign arms and warriors out of Spain elim inated only one stumbling block from a proposed neutrality accord Fascists Take Seaport Meanwhile fascist Spaniards claimed capture without resist ance of seaport about 60 miles east of Malaga and in line of a coastline advance toward governmentheld Almeria and possibly Valencia foreign capital is a source j of worry to He announced he would meet with federal reserve and securities commission officials Monday to discuss the situation President Roosevelts desire to findout whether a proposed court j change fitted into his reorganizei tion program slowed up congres sional argument Holds Tip Sumners Act Some congressmen expressed the belief Mr Roosevelt had asked the proposal of Representative Sumners be held up because be wanted his entire court program acted on at once The measure would give the at torney general power to enter pri vate suits involving a constitu tional question and to appeal an adverse decision of a federal dis trict court directly to the supreme tribunal At present cases ordi I narily pass through the circuit court of appeals Another Sumners proposal to grant retirement pay to supreme court justices who had served 10 years at the age of 70 passed the house Wednesday 315 to 75 Pope Rejoices Over Reports of Fascist Advances in Spam VATICAN CITY Pope Pius XI rejoiced Thursday at of ficial news ol the occupation of Malaga by Spanish insurgents according to a semiofficial state ment The pontiff was reported to have expressed great interest in the advance of Generalissimo Francisco Francos troops believ ing this would shorten the period of bloodshed in the civil war holy father feeling com paratively well and in good spir Tommaso Cardinal Boggiani chancellor of the church and Valencia is more than miles northeast of Almeria 200 Arrest 20 in Raids SIOUX CITY arrested approximately 20 persons in raids on small hotels here lAlmeria is 70 milesfrom MotriJ Iraid on the Almena harbor A fascist report declared Fascist officers predicted their gent bombers hadattacked and men would reach Almeria Friday sunka ton steamer in 4 ALIVE WHEN PLANE STRUCK Investigation Launched and Search Conducted for 7 Missing Bodies SAN FRANCISCO UP At least four of the 11 victims were alive after the Los AngelesSan Francisco plane crashed into San Francisco bay Tuesday night but drowned before rescuers could arrive an autopsy revealed Thursday Search for the seven missing bodies was conducted while in vestigations were launched to de termine what caused the big air liner to crash in the bay near Mills field Dr J N Dallal and Coroner William Crosby agreed the four victims had drowned and miss ing clothing of one passenger in dicated he had fought his way fromthe wreckage and attempted to swim ashore He was Mark Fontana wealthy San Francisco food manufacturer Definitely Was Drowned Fontans definitely was said Dr Dallal after an autopsy He had only superfi cial facial lacerations and these probably were made by a grap pling Fontanas body found near the wreckage was without the coat and trousers and a shoe was untied and the necktie askew Coroner Crosby said he was in formed the man was a good swimmer but thought he appar ently became exhausted before he could make the shore some dis stance away Crosby and Dr Dallal likewise agreed that Pilot A R Tommy Thompson veteran flyer CoPilot Joe de Cesaro and Stewardess Ruth Kimmel also Head Was Lacerated Thompsons head was lacerated but not injured1 severely enough to have caused his death they said Crosby said de Cesaro suf fereda ruptured liveiv but his lungs were filled with water Four groups of investigators sought to learn from the torn and Union agrees to evacuate all plants now occupied by strikers and that there will be no other strikes pending negotiations John L Lewis hails agreement as in labors pro gress Green president of the American Federation of Labor says Lewis capital1 jubilant at news sit downers eager to leave plants Glad Its Over GOV FRANK MURPHY SEES SURRENDER ON LEWIS PART Green Head of A F of L Comments on Agreement in Auto Strike WASHINGTON ff William Green president of the American Federation of Labor character ized the General Motors strike settlement Thursday as a sur render on the part of John L Lewis Green expressed that the United Automobile Workers had failed to obtain a closed shop in departments other than those claimed by A F of L craft unions as their territory i Lewis chairman of the com i mittee for industrial organization i directed the strike strategy of the United Automobile Workers If any one lesson has been Green said it is that in a fight of this kind the solidarity of all labor in the United States and Canada is Green speaks lor the federa tions craft unions which sus pended the automobile workers and nine other unions in the com mittee for industrial organization group last September for trying to bring ail the workers in each big industry into one big union regardless of traditional A F of L DETROIT strike in American automotive history ended iormally Thursday with the signing here at a m Central Standard of a peace agreement between Gfieral Motors corporation and the United Automobile Workers union The signing occurred as the strike estimated one million dollarsa day in wages alone to General Motors e vployes entered its fortyfourth day Shortly before the s reement was signed General Motors an nounced a 5 cent hourly wage in crease for all its employes effec tive Feb 15 estimated tc aggre gate approximately a Under the terms of the agree ment corporation recog nizes the union as the collective bargaining agency for those employes belonging to the union corporation ind the union agree to commercecollec tive bargaining negotiations on Feb with to the is sues set forth in the Icttsr of Jan 4 of the union to the cor poration union agrees to end the present strike and evacuate all plants now occupied by strik ers corporation promises to resume operations in all strikebound or idle as rapidly as employes are to re turn to work and without dis crimination against strikers union agrees that pending negotiations there will be no other strikes or interfer ence with production existence of the collective bargaining agreement contemplated all opportunities to negotiate shall be exhausted before any other strikes or pro duction interference is at tempted by the union evacuation of plants the corporation agrees to dis miss the injunction proceedings started by the corporation against the union or any mem bers in Flint Mich In a letter to Gov Frank Mur phy Thursday morning William S Knudsen executive vice prcsi dent of General Motors agreed not to negotiate with any employe representation gloup in 20struck twisted wreckage why the giant airliner onlyseconds away from its destination plunged into the bay Two sharp a banking of the plane and mis judging of ad vanced unofficially by expert STOCKS ADVANCE NEW YORK jumped to more than a share in a rush of buying at thc opening of the exchange Thursday in response to the announcement of the General Motors strike peace plants other than the United Au tomobile Workers for six months withoutfirst consulting the gover That letter said Letter to Murpliy We agree with you that within a period of six months from re sumption of work we will not bar gain with or enter agree ments with anyotherumon or representative of employes ol plants on strike in respect to such as generalcorporate pol referred to in a of first submitting to and Jan 4 uijifc anv such contemplated pruiedure asbeing justified by law equity ;