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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 11, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home HOME EDITION VOL XXXIX FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE THE NEWSPAPER THAU MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 11 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO Ill To Get Good Government Business of Ruling One of Biggest in Country This is the fourth article in a series in which Prof William Fielding Ogburn of tho Univer sity ot Chicago discusses what he considers the 10 biggest problems facing America By WILLIAM FIELDING OGBURX Written for the Associated Tress ADVANCE The government should run its business well It is a large business employing probably around 3500000 persons with about 800000 elected officials and with more than 200000 different units During the past decade it has re quired approximately oneeighth of the total income and a much larger percentage during the depression It concerns itself with police and military protection safeguards health cares for the sick fights crime helps trade encourages sci ence provides money furnishes recreation teach es our children aids transporta tion forecasts weather provides insurance f u r nishes relief aids employment ad ministers justice makes roads pro tects our forests fact no oth er bu si ness touches our lives at so many points or aids us WIUWMIOG3URH in so many ways Moreover these activties have grown rapidly in good times and in bad There is every reason to think this growth may continue in the fu ture Efficiency Wanted Management and technology have won brilliant victories iti private in dustry particularly during the past decade Waste has decreased The prpblem of production is almost solved The government should be to Import the most modern against graft corruption and inefficiency has been encouraging But enormous gains possible Tha problem is to make govern ment change more easily and rapid ly instead of clinging to the forms and precedents of the earlier rulers oC a bygone agricultural era No farmor today would be content to uso Thomas Jeffersons plow bub SENATE RUSHES FARM AID BILLS Japan to Make Strong Reply to Leagues Inquiry RFC CHIEF TO RESIGN POSITION Miller to Quit Post With Advent of Roosevelt Administration WASHINGTON Feb 11 Charles A Miljer disclosed in an in terview this afternoon that he plans to give up his position as president of the Reconstruction corporation with the advent of the Roosevelt administration Miller a republican and Atlee Pomerene chairman of the corpor ation a democrat have never been confirmed as members of the cor poration board although serving steadily Miller said his health is such that lie could not continue the arduous duties even if confirmed before March 4 or reappointed It was un derstood in some quarters that he was being considered favorably for continuation as a director by Pres identelect Roosevelt He lives In Utica N Y MAKE KIDNAPED MINNESOTA MAN DRIVE 200 MILES Two Men and Woman in Robberies in Two Iowa Counties ST PETER Minn Feb 11 Three abductions and a series of holdups charged by investigators to two men and a woman were reveal ed today as one victim returned home after being forced to drive 200 miles to Cedar Rapids Willard Johnson 26 garage own er at Norseland near here said he was given 55 at 6 p m Friday at Cedar Rapids and told to drive home and keep your mouth shut As he waited in his car after a 12 hour ride from Norseland yes terday Johnson related another motorist was stopped and forced to drive on after the abductors enter ed his car Thought Sanie Gang Melvin Passolt state crime bu reau head said he was convinced the abductors of Johnson were those who seized George Kerns 58 at Cedar Rapids Kerns was freed last night at a county school house near Cedar Rapids after a series of robberies in two Iowa counties A Cedar Rapids dispatch said there was a third man participated there Passolt said the first of the ab ductions was that of H L Heck In Minneapolis s c Wednesday night Forced to drive yhbuivhfe was left at St Louis park a Min neapolis suburb where a car was stolen This vehicle was found abandoned near here after Johnson was called from his home by a man who said he needed car repairs Robbed 1eimock Depot Passolt said the group apparent ly robbed a Pennock Minn depot Thursday night Papers a type writer telegraph instruments and clothing taken there were found in i the abandoned car near here John son said the abductors told him en route to Cedar Rapids they were in a jam and wanted to get out of the country He said they had a rifle and two pistols Passolt asserted the group rob bed a filling station at Benson Minn and a Pennock shop of an electric drill which was found in the car near here Johnson said a pistol was pressed against his side during most of the trip to Cedar Rapids Hail Served Time They intimated in their conver sation they had served time but they didnt say for what and where he related They werent rough with me County officers here said the de scription of one man tallies with that of a suspect sought for a Rock j county Minn bank robbery a year ago Johnson declared his abductors threatened to get him if he stop ped In Iowa on his way home They mentioned the town of Toledo he said and seemed to take a circuit ous route to Cedar Rapids passing through Toledo Iowa The woman seemed to be about 25 years old he said 1 AUNT HET By Robert Quillen m That child aint theirs She wouldnt be tloin fancy embroidery on the pillow slips if theyd been married long enough to have a five yearold youngun Find Hotel Patron Missing After Fire at Omaha Uninjured OMAHA Feb 11 ties feared for a time today that the ileath toll in the Millard hotel fire here Wednesday night might grow to eight or more but their anxiety subsided with the finding of Albert Cambric hotel patron who had been reported missing A Negro bellboy testified today at an in quest into the death of seven fire men in tho blaze that Cambric had not been seen since the fire but he was found uninjured this afternoon Fire Destroys Large Barn at Forest City FOREST CITY Feb Friday destroyed the large barn and two adjoining silos on the Bert Perry farm on the west edge of Forest City The origin of the blaze is unknown The fire department was called and laid a line of hose from a city hydrant to the farm and succeeded in preventing the house and burning other buildings from HELD IN EXTORTION PLOT This Associated Press telephoto shows Norman Harvey 26 und Joe Bryant 19 both ot Roanoke Va who were taken into cus tody at Roanoke when police charged the pair with threatening to kid nap the second LIndbcrghtmby In an effort to extort Farmer Aid Legislation Tops Week in Assembly Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Col Feb see In all the papers about making Mr Roosevelt a presi dent instead of just a man thai sends plans up to congress for the fun of having them vetoed Now you will hear the wail go up We are not ready in this free country for a Mussolini Say Mussolini could run this country with his eyes shut in fact thats the way our congress has been running it Mussolini with no money no natural re sources no nothing has kept his country going while us with a surplus of everything under the sun are mangy with representa tives and liberty But we cant digest either one of em Yours WILL ROGERS Copyright 1D33 McNnupht Syndicate LIMITS AID TO WAR DISABILITY Smoot Measure Would Deny Hospitalization to All Other Veterans WASHINGTON Feb 11 Senator Smoot republican today accepted a dare from the democrats and introduced a bill to deny veterans compensation or hos pitalization to men who cannot trace their disabilities to war service Smoot estimated the bill if en acted would save the government several hundred million dollars a year Senator Tydings democrat Md recently stated on the floor that no senator would bring forward such a measure but Smoot said he would and today made good his promise Frank T Hines veterans admin istrator had offered such a pro posal last session but it never was put in a bill until today Term in Jail Faces Former lowan Unless His Memory Improves NEW WORK Feb 11 term in jail was the prospect faced today by John J Homan Glendale Cal former Alton Iowa storekeep er unless his memory improves A witness in the National Diversi fied corporation mail fraud trial Homan was threatened with jail when he professed to be unable to recall details of a shoebox full of checks produced at the trial and bearing his signature Federal Judge Woolsey announced to Homan that this man has got to testify or Im going to put him in jail Interim Tax Cut Group Bills Defeated DES MOINES Fob 11 sage of the farmYmortgage foreclo sure rellef bill and the death nu merous interim tax reduction com mittee proposals were the outstaud ing developments in the fifth week of the Iowa general assembly ses sion The farm mortgage moratorium law giving the courts custody of real estate involved in foreclosure actions was In effect today follow ing its enactment by publication It was signed promptly by Gov Clyde L Herring following its passage by both houses earlier In the week In view of the fact that the as sembly Had acted in this connection the governor yesterday withdrew his proclamation against mortgage foreclosures Program Endangered The defeat of a number ol the tax reduction bills principally in the house brought statements during the week from Senators Roy Ste vens and E R HIcklin members of the former interim committee who declared that their entire 525000 000 tax cutting program was endan gered While most oC the interim com mittee proposals which went under met their defeat in the house the senate yesterday killed its first tax reduction bill The upper house re jected 30 to 15 a measure to pro vide that public school expenditures shall be optional A number of the committees bills however survived considera tion in either the senate or the house In addition to the bills al ready acted upon the house when it reconvenes Monday after the weekend recess will have before it favorable reports from committee on five tax reduction bills Collection of Fees Those recommended for passage by the tax reduction committee yes terday afternoon included the mea sures to require collection of un claimed fees within three years to repeal the outside audit of state in stitutions to apply tax rates to ac tual values to permit the waiving of appearances in inheritance tax cases and to reduce the number of printings of reports In addition to the farm mortgage bill the senate during the week took a further step toward siding debtors passing a measure to in crease by 5500 the amount the statutory exemption allowed heads of families Salaries of state officials and em ployes received considerable atten tion The house passed a resolution suggesting that no state employe have a salary of more than a year and committees considered slashes in pay of all state officials Turn tn rage 2 Column 2 iANCHUKUO TO BE KEPT FREE WHATEVER COST Answer to League Will Defy Body to Act as It Chooses TOKIO Feb 11 is preparing a reply to the league of nations inquiry on discontinuance of the present Manchukuo regime which will be a proclamation to the world in vigorous unmistakable terms of Japans determination lo maintain the independence of Man chukuo regardless of cost Government sources also disclosed todaythat Japan also will proclaim in advance its refusal under any circumstances to be restrained or deflected from this policy by the leagues recommendations When conciliation of disputes fails the league covenant provides the league make its own report and recommen dations for Publicize Position Although the league committee of 19 requested a simple yes or no answer to its one question of whether Japan would agree to dis continuance of the present Japanese sponsored Manchukuo government in Manchuria Japan is seizing upon the occasion to publicize her Man churian position A tentative draft oE Japans re ply framed by Its representative Yoauke Matsuoka who is in Gen eva was received at the foreign of fice today It covers i pages Will Revise Document Foreign Minister Yashyua Uchida will revise the document tomorrow and Circulate it among cabinet mem bers whose decision is expected al a special session Monday Then the foreign minister will seek the emporers sanction of the reply before sending it to Geneva probably Monday night Little was done in the matter to day because it Is Kigcnsetsu a na tional holiday and supposed 2503rd anniversary of the founding of the empire ACCUSED OF MURDER Rescuers Dig in Ruins for More Bodies 68 Found 200 More Thought Buried by German Blast NEUNKIRCHEN Saar Territory Germany Feb 11 the wreckage left by yesterdays ter rific explosion of a gas storage ank nenr the Neunkircheu iron vorks 68 bodies were taken today but it was feared that 200 more vere buried under the ruins of the jig machine shop which could not be reached for the moment because of tho piles of debris Rescue workers dug unceasingly hrough the piles of glass and brick and timber ignoring the threat of ottering walls Doctors and nurses did what they could for the injured and everywhere the relatives of men still missing poked about in SIOUX CITY Feb 11 Charged with the murder of D Marltell Elk Point S Bah milk trucker Nile Cochran above Movillo farmer was in jiill here today ns the latest de velopment In tho milk war n week ago Cochrnii was thun intocustody nf tcr Murkells sons filed murder charges ngainst him after the elder Marhells death in a hosnltnl Ccchran admits being one of the pickets who attempted to stop Miukull from hauling 1000 gallons of r milk to Sioux Gity distributors Two of Marltclls sons were wounded in an exchange of gun fire betwuenthe pickets and the truckers just across the South Dakota state line Radio Lottenes Ban Approved by Senate WASHINGTON Feb 11 house bill to prevent the use of radio for advertising lotteries and revising procedure of the radio commission was passed Friday by the senate START PROBE OF MUTINY OF SHIP Relieve Captain of Command as Destroyer Arrives With Dead BATAVIA Java Feb 11 Captain Eikeboom today was re lieved command of the Dutch cruiser De Zeven Provincien stolen last week by a mutinous crew and recaptured only after bombing planes attacked after a long pur suit by the fleet A naval commission of inquiry has begun an Investigation A native sailor named Tuhumena has been singled out as the leader of the mutiny He took command when the Zeven began the mad chase at 2 oclock last Sunday morning and it was he who navi gated the cruiser while the fleet pursued him First Reported Killed It was reported at first that he had been killed when the Zeven was bombed but the authorities captured him alive and he is now under heavy guard on the nearby island of On rust First hand stories of the five da voyage of the mutineer manned Dutch cruiser and the battle that ended it were told here today as a destroyer arrived with the bodies of 22 Dutch and native sailors who were slain Twentyfive men were injured in all and they also arrived on the destroyer Piethein First Hand Stories The first hand stories of a Dutch officer who was a prisoner of the mutineers and a newspaperman who saw the battle off the Suma tran coast yesterday pieced to gether the details of the Zevens fantastic career The Dutch officer said the muti neers did not expect the navy plane to drop the bomb which caused the deaths and Injuries and that they were derisive to the last A newspaperman who was pres ent on one of the pursuing ships said he could not see the second bomb dropped by one of four planes which attacked the mutineers A fTiim to 1figfl 1 Culumn Iowa Expected to Escape From New Cold Wave Midwest to Have But Brief Respite According to Chicago Bureau DES MOINES Feb 11 Warmer weather was predicted for the entire state tomorrow in the forecast of weather bureau officials who said however that some zero readings could be expected tonight In their opinion a new cold wave sweepingdown from northern Can ada will miss Iowa Lowest temperatures reported last night were 12 below at the Ledges park Boone 8 below at Charles City 6 below at Sioux City and 4 below at Dubuque The highest readings recorded Friday were 22 above zero at Coun cil Bluffs Keokuk and Sioux City WAVE FROM CANADA he ruins This evening police estimated hat 160 persons had been seriously njuredand more than 300 slightly lurt So far as could be learned no Americans were killed but 11 of the bodies recovered were not idett tificd Giant Gas Tank The disaster was caused by a terrific explosion of a giant gas tank at the Neunkirchen Iron works one of the prides of the rich iron and coal region now governed under a league of nations trustee ship and which will go to either Germany or France after a scite two years hence plebl killed in a crowded which was passing the ALLOTMENT ACT TO INCLUDE JOST WHEAT COTTON Committee Approves Bill to Reduce Cotton Production WASHINGTON Feb 11 lieffor the man facing mortgage foreclosure a measure aimed at re ducing cotton production and elim ination of five products from domestic allotment bill gained the approval of senate committees to day in a burst of farm relief activ ity Disregarding the protests of Ed ward A ONeil president of the American Farm Bureau federation the senate agriculture committee voted to confine the allotment meas ure to wheat and cotton at about the same time that the banking sub committee was approving the Hull farm mortgage moratorium bill with a provision that would extend its benefits to Include small urban lomes Approved Unanimously Tlv cotton measure approved un animously by the agriculture com mittee shortly before it voted 12 to 2 to eliminate rice hogs tobacco icanuts and dairy products from he nllotment bill would permit jroducers who agree to cut their 1933 production to participate in a government cotton pool It look the committee less than 20 minutes to approve this plan sponsored by Senator Smith of South Carolina the ranking demo cratic member and backed by such senators as George of Georgia and streetcar big iron works at the moment of the blast Then a fire broke out which spread destruction This was brought un der control early today The blast was felt through the entire upper Rhine valley from Cologne to the Swiss border In many Rhineland cities the people believed an earthquake had shaken the district Bursts Into Flumes Hardly a pane of glass remained intact In an area 10 miles in diameter surrounding the iron works Three or four smaller blasts followed the first one and then the gas reservoir burst into flames Many women and children were among the injured and every hospi lal in the city and nearby area was filled to capacity Comparatively few men were at work at the time if the blast because of renovations being made in the iron works New shifts were coming to work nnd others were leaving The streets were crowded wih these to the lie hoped to see It become a law at the present session It provides for a 3500000 bale government pool to comprise all cotton which the farm board and other federal agencies now control A share In this would be alloted to producers who cut their production 30 per cent Equnl to Reduction On this share equal to the amount of the reduction from last years production the cotton farmer presumably would profit by the difference between the present price and the price after Aug 15 assum ing cotton prices rise because of a smaller crop He would not buy the cotton but would have an option to buy at the present price and sell at the Aug 15 price In a speech today ONeal called upon congress not to adjourn with out doing something for agricul ture A great many do not realize the extreme gravity oC the situa tion he said I have urged farm ers to center their activity upon getting relief in an orderly manner men many of whom were injured renet in an orderly manner rhrce persons were killei Auen a The best way to cneck such devel opments as are happening all over the nation is to remove their cause Th ceiling fell In a movie theater Blast Hurls Bodies The force of the explosion hurled Fami Board Cotton bodies across streets All telephone He renewed some he conten r tions he had By ASSOCIATED PRESS A new cold wave was reported moving down on the middlewest Saturday following a hriel respite from the subzero temperatures that spread across the continent earlier in the weeit The weather bureau at Chicago warned that winters new ntlack would be severe in parts of Upper Michigan Wisconsin Iowa and in the extreme southern portion of Minnesota but adJod that there was hope for rising temperatures Sunday over the Grear Plains re gion and Upper Mississippi valley Elsewhere the cold wns due to lin ger over the Sabbath Weather conditions were some thing of a hodge podge in other dis Tum In riixe 2 Column 2 Incs In the vicinity were broken and trains for a time were unable to enter the railroad station ba cause of wreckage on the tracks The tank which exploded was 270 feet high and 150 feet in diameter Neunklrchen has a population of 40000 All available trucks served as ambulances Farmhouses were con verted into hospitals as the number of injured was Increasing and many more were expected to die Hall Service Resumed The railway service was resumed during the night after the tracks were cleared of debris The Saar government commission was summoned Saturday to discuss immediate relief measures The German reich was being ap proached for financial aid for che majority here are its The catastrophe was the nwA serious in this region sinre 192i when 565 were killed by an explo presented yesterday against the domestic allotment and farm mortgage changes made bj the senate committees Congress today sent to the white house a mcnsure to distribute 330 iTum tu Pagd 3 Column Wea sion at the Oppau ammonia tory fac Minnesota Solon From Emmons Is Found Dead Peterson Had ls survived by his to Wear His Hat in House EMMONS Minn Feb A Peterson 69 member of the state house of representatives was found lead in bed in his apartment at St Paul early today A deputy coroner said heart disease caused his death Mr Petersons nome was on a farm four miles west oC Emmons widow and three children all of whom are grown His farm included 160 acres of well improved land He had re sided in this vicinity many years The body will be brought here for burial Peterson always wore a hat and had been given special dispen sation to wear his hat in the house of representatives Whenever serv ing on juries or attending most other public functions he always wore a hat WEATHER Clear Saturday night and probably Sunday not no cold Sunday and In extreme west portion Saturday night LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures foi H hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning XiYJdjiy 16 above Minimum in Night 10 below At 8 A M Saturday 9 below Snowfall Trace The moderating effect of a south wind was demonstrated Friday when the temperature rose above zero for the first time in five days Friday nights minimum was 2 degrees low er than that of the previous night though WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO Feb 11 outlook for the week beginning Feb 13 Upper Mississippi and Lower Mis souri Valleys and the northern and central Great period at beginning of week and again by middle or close tempera tures below normal part tor the mosi ;