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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 10, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OS AND ES COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI FKM mat United Prra Full Lewd Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBKUAKY It IMS NO INSIDE Form Machinery Output Not Up to Schedule Central Press Capital Staff Washing bugaboo of WPBs production the farm machinery also worrying war production board officials and the nations farmers There is wide margin in latest figures released on farm machin ery between production schedules and actual outputof items badly needed by farmers for spring work Corn cotton and potato planters fell 501 per cent behind schedule in the latest figures from WPB and spring tooth harrows dropped 298 per cent Other lags included Milking machines 134 per cent brooders 396 per cent and ma ure spreaders 526 per cent Of 20 types reported by WPB only two are up to or ahead of production schedules Chances are not too bright for satisfactory solutions for the prob lem at least not immediately NAZIS BLOW UP ROER DAM Red Troops Take Elbing Push Nearer Stettin L The Army and Navy are plan ning to ask congress for funds to expand Americas rocket program After Representative Vinson D of Georgia chairmani of the house naval committee told congress such demands may be forthcom ing from the navy it was dis closed that the navy will spend about 100 million dollars a month orx rocket manufacture in 1945 rThe army plans to spend about 12 million dollars monthly for rocket production which indicates their use will take an increasing part in American warfare Some Military Observers in Washington believe that army forces may be getting ready to set up a B29 base in the Philippines to help step up the aerial warfare against Japan and her stolen Pa cific possessions Speculation to this end was caused by disclosure that Brig Gen Haywood Hansell Jr was shifted from command of the 21st bomber command on Saipan and brought back to Washington for a secret assignment Hansell iscredited with estab lishing theB29 setup in the Mari anas from where Uie Superforts are increasing their attacks on the ZHUKOV FORCES MANEUVER FOR BERLIN DRIVE Report Russians Cut Lines Between Defense and Capital London CUR Marshal Kon stantin K Rokossovskys army Saturday stormed and captured the East Prussian transport hub of Elbing foreshadowing the end of a mopup campaign against the remnants of 200000 trapped Ger Jap Resistance Stiffens as Enemy Falls Back to Make Final Stand for Manila Manila resistance in southern Manila flared with renewed violence Saturday as the cornered enemy fell back slowly toward the waterfront for a death stand inside the old walled city Fighting through a choking pall of smoke that covered virtually all south Manila elements of American divisions hit the Japa Japanese home islands Clarkf field on Luzqn could be American bombersCapture ofthe field came shortly alter the shift 1 ofJHanseH eventually may operate also from Alaska and the Aleu tians man troops The first order of the day by Marshal Stalin in several days an nounced the fall of Elbing in the Baltic coastal area 32 miles south east of Danzig which had been surrounded a day earlier The East Prussian victory came as Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs troops speared within 25 miles or less of Stettin They battled for the Berlin outposts of Frankfurt and Kuestrin while Marshal Ivan S Konevs forces ripped through the Oder valley in Silesia Konevs armor drove a wedge between Berlin and the Silcsian capital of Breslau striking deep into the main German defenses more than 25 miles beyond the Oder the nazis reported Troops of the 2nd White Rus sian front having broken the re sistance of the surrounded enem group Saturday captured by storm the town of Elbing larg center of communications and powerful stronghold of the Ger man defenses covering the ap prbaches to the bay of Danzig order said M t Fredmore chief of the agriculture division of the treas urys war finance division asserts that the huge war bond invest ment by the nations farmers dur ing the sixth war loan drive has put agriculture to its strongest position since World War I Fredmore discloses that total war bond sales to American farm ers in the recent drive top the to tal money crop of the country for the 10 year period of 193039 Their purchases amount to 53700 000000 he estimates and the total 10 year crop is put at S3100 000000 This huge war bond investment has put agriculture in the strong est financial position since before World War I he declared Urg ing farmers to continue to invest all funds above necessary farm and family expenses in war bonds Fredmore added In this way they can build up an investment that will assure the funds needed to put their farms in efficient condition after the war If these improvements can be financed out of current income then the war bonds can be held as a valuable investment Prussian railway to Berlin col lapsed whatever thin hopes th nazis might have held of burstin through the barrier the Russian had erected across the wester side of the province Zhukovs troops according to the enemy were pressed back further to the Oder from their nese front and rear in the Panda can and Paco districtsbelow the Pasig river The converging attack was squeezing several thousand Japa ese slowly westward toward the urnedout port area where they vere expected to make their last land behind the massive walls f the old Spanish In After yielding the Pasig river rossing opposite the Malacanang ralace to the U S 37th division ilmost without a struggle the apanese lashed back suddenly at heir pursuers with artillery mor ars and rifle fire At last reports the 37th and anguards of the American llth airborne division advancing from he south were rooting the Japa nese from their street barricades and ruined houses in a handto land battle that outdid in sheer ierocity anything Gen Douglas MacArthurs troops have experi enced since they entered Manila a week ago The fighting is of the fiercest sort MacArthurs communique reported tersely Tokyo after announcing that all but a skeleton force had been evacuated from Manila begar boasting that the Americans hac fallen into a trap in the capital That version appeared purely as SAY CHURCHILL SPURNS FRANCO Spain Will Have No Part in Peace Meeting London UR Diplomatic sources said Saturday that Prime Vlinister Churchill snarply spurn ed overtures by Gen Francisco Franco obliquely proposing a close alliance between their 2 countries Churchill bluntly told Franco that Spain was not likely to have a part in the peace conference and still less likely to be invited into the proposed league of post war security informants reported A recent exchange of corre spondence between Churchill and Franco still was listed officially as in the secret category biit a diplomatic informant said Church ills end of it constituted a shock to the Franco regime Churchill was said to have re sponded to Francos oblique sug gestion for a close AngloSpanish alliance with a recapitulation of the Franco governments anti allied and proaxis activity Whether Franco proposed bridgeheads between Fuersten berg and Kuestrin but AP Cor respondent Eddy Gilmore in Mos cow declared that Zhukov was engaged in regrouping and spar ring for position and that no signs had developed yet of an all out drive along the shortest route to Berlin Ernst Von Hammer propaganda invention however as front dispatches said MacAr thur was moving overwhelming forces into and that its long delayed More than 30 miles south of Ma nila equally heavy fighting broke out around Tagatay where a pocketed Japanese force launched 2 counterattacks against units of the llth airborne division Both thrusts were beaten off with seri ous losses to the enemy Northwest of Manila vanguards of the 38th division pushed 10 miles down the west coast of Ba taan from the recaptured Olonga po naval base to reach Moron Seventy to 75 miles north of Manila the hardfought Pampan ga river crossings at Rizal and Bongahon finally were secured by an alliance with Britain against Rus sia was not clear The informan Franco wrote between the lines hinting at an alliance to MONTGOMERYS TROOPS ADVANCE IN NEW DRIVE Marshal Bernard L Montgomerys Canadian and British troops of Canadian 1st array advance behind tanks to drive toward Rhine river southeast of Nijmegan Holland on western front New of fensive was announced Thursday AP wirephoto Kayenay engraving the Official Talk on civilian travel Despite All about a ban there is little likelihood that civil ian travel will be rationed or re stricted The task of imposing civ ilian curbs would be so enormous that the office of defense trans portation is frankly and openly unwilling to tackle it The main stumblingblock to such a move would be the man power problem It would take a lot of personnel to administer and enforce a ban on nonessential gallivanting The difficulties in the way of deciding which travel is necessary and which is not are also almost unsurmountable ODT officials plan to content themselves with urging the public to stop traveling and let it go at that Asks 90 Millionfo War Housing Units Washington national housing administration wants 590000000 from congress to build 36000 more war housing units Administrator John E Blandford Jr said Saturday He said the drive to expand munitions production has created acute housing needs in more than 100 communities He cited Los Angeles San Diego Seattle Brem erton Tacoma Detroit Chicago Atlanta Fort Worth and the Nor folkPortsmouth area Homes for war workers also are needed at Ordnance depots oil re fineries and logging and mining laments he said commentator for the official Ger man DNB agency disclosed that Russian armored spearheads 120 miles southeast of Berlin had penetrated deep into the main German defenses on both sides of Kotzenau which lies 25 miles west of the Oder The report indicated that Mar shal Ivan S Konevs first Ukrain ian army hadbroadened to nearly 20 miles the wedge it was ram ming across southeast Germany Other nazi broadcasts said theso viets were fighting in the outskirts of Liegnitz 19 miles southeast of Kotzenau and 40 miles west ol Breslau The Ukrainian forces thus al ready had cut one and perhaps 2 of the main railways between Ber lin and Breslau on the wcsl bank of the Oder river and were threat ening Breslau with encirclement Von Hammer also acknowledg ed thai the Russians had pene trated into the western defense system of the encircled Pomer anian border city of Schneide muehl 125 miles northeast Berlin Enemy deployments in the southern and northern sectors as well as constant attacks by the enemy air force indicate the so viet command has given the orde to capture this bulwark at al cost Vono Hammer said It was possible the Russian were awaiting the capture of Stet tin at the mouth of the Oder 7 miles northeast of Berlin and the Silesian capital of Breslau 170 miles southeast to anchor their flanks before launching a full scale frontal assault on Berlin The northern wing of Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first White the V S 6th division Another 35 military mites to the northeast the 32nd division continued its advance up he Villa Verde trail leading to Imngan and the Cagnyan valley after smashing Japanese defenses miles north of San Nicolas American medium bombers and lighters worked over the enemy n close support of the advancing round forces on all sectors and oined in with light naval units in a coastal sweep that wrecked a reater number of small Japa craft MRS BREWER IN HOSPITAL HERE Judge Orders Trial Continued Until Tuesday Charles City Helen Brewer who failed to appear at her trial at Osage Friday is in a Mason City hospital Floyd County Attorney Weston E Jones reported Friday night Jones said Mrs Brewer had been served a bench warrant is sued at Osage by Judge M H Kepler when she was not present for the trial She is charged with assault with intent to commit murder and was being tried at Osage on a change of venue from Floyd county Jones said Mitchell county Sheriff Melviii S Peterson had lo cated Mrs Brewer at Mason City The nature of her illness was not divulged but Jones said she was under doctors care Mrs Brewer is accused of as shunned forthright pro posal An informed source disclaimei a rumor that Franco offered t mediate between the allies am the axis Franco was said to have usei Churchills friendly reference t Spain in a speech last year as ar occasion for expressing his grati tude and a hope for closer rela tions in the future The Spanish ambassador Lh Duke of Alba called on Church in November to deliver a note from Franco the informant said Franca urged clarification of re lations between their countries and paid tribute to Churchills masterful and martial qualities Churchills reply was said to have made it plain that Britain desired friendly relations with the Spanish people Then he re called that the Franco regime long maintained a nonbelligerent rather than neutral attitude that it aided German agents inside Spain and that Franco once had maintained that German victor was inevitable and natural that the International Regime of Tan gier was overthrown forcibly and that Spanish troops were sent to fight the Russians Large Force of Superforts Earthquake Shake Tokyo Washington UR An earthquake and one of the largest forces of Superfortresses ever to hit Japan rocked Tokyo in quick succession Saturday northernan time a Japanese Domei broadcast bythe FCC said Neither the intensity of the nor the extent damage was indicated The Marianas based B29s which the Japanese said hit the capital at p m achieved good to excellent results in the Tokyo area a spokesman at 21st bomber command headquarters on Guam reported Some damage was caused to ground installations a Japanese communique said A war depart ment bulletin issued in Washing on identified the objectives as industrial targets OPA Promises Easing of Cigaret Shortage New York OPA Sat urday held out a promise tha smokers hera may look forward to considerable casing of the ciga ret shortage A spokesman Woolley regional OPA administra tor said Woolley would confer with cigaret wholesalers and job bers Sunday to formulate a pro will not be ration ing The OPA did not disclose the nature the plan but an indus try source said it would assure retailers a better supply and tend to detour an estimated 20 to 25 per cent of the supply from black market to legitimate channels The spokesman at Guam said the force was among the largest ever to bomb Japan indicating hat it numbered more than 100 raiders Tokyo estimated its strength at 90 planes Domei said the Superfortresses attacked the northern Kanto dis trict embracing Tokyo and Yo kohama in 5 formations but heat a hasty retreat in the face of stiff opposition from Japa nese fighters The earthquake a little more than a half hour earlier was felt from Hokkaido northernmost of the Japanese home island down through Honshu Domei said The epicenter was said to be in Aomori prefecture of northern Honshu with Hachinore a few miles inland from the east coast feeling the main weight of the earthquake All eastern and central Honshu i including the Tokyo Yokohama Call Recess in Consideration of May Bill Washington The senate military committee called a 3day recess Saturday in its considera tion of limited national service legislation which President Roose velt 5 weeks ago recommended be passed immediately The secretary of war the navy secretary the war manpower com missioner the selective service director the war production board chairman and other high adminis tration officials have appeared during a week of closed hearings to urge its enactment The committee however has shown no indication of approach ing a vote and will resume hear ings Tuesday Interviews and comments indi cate that a sizable number of committee members if not indeed a majority remain unconvinced of the need for legislation empower ing the government to tell any man between 18 and 45 that he had to engage in war work go to jail pay a fine or be inducted into the army Several committee members in cluding Senator OMa honey favor continuing the vol untary placement system now be FORTS HIT NAZI FUEL OIL DEPOT Bomb Submarine Pens on Netherlands Coast i v London S Flying Fort resses attacked a German motor fuel depot at Duelmen southwest of Muenster Saturday and sub marine pens at Ijmuiden on the Netherlands coast Only 150 heavy bombers and approximately 130 fighters participated in both op CANADIANARMY GAINS GROUND NEARER KLEVE Berlin Says Troops Massed Along Roer River for Offensive Paris The Germans were eported Saturday to have blown up the power station gate house and bridge the main Roer dam Saturday as the Canadian first army shoved forward to seize ligh ground overlooking strategic Cleve Blasting of the dam installa tions apparently was part of a uazi program to raise the level of the Roer river The Germans have reported repeatedly that the Americans were about to shove off in an attack across the Roer Field dispatches said the Boer was rising rapidly but the main Schwammenauel dam itself ap parently had not yet been blown up This dam is under direct fire from American first army artil lery A field report said the Schwam menauel dam was almost in the hands of American troops The Roer river is now 375 feet wide north of Duren and with the opening of spillways Is con tinuing to spread out i Both the Schwammenauel and the smaller Urfttasperre dams are now a virtual no mans land with the Americans not yet in posses sion but the Germans have with drawn a short distance to the other side of the structures On the Nijmegen front Canad ian troops captured Schottheid in an advance of more than a mile from Frasselt Schottheid is 4 miles west of Kleve which the Canadians were nearing from an other direction Mopping up isolated German units cut of I in the first the offensive the tured the village of Helkmnt at erations Ijmuiden which has been bombed 4 times in the pnst week is one of the most active subma rine bases the nazis have left on the European coast Aoad and rail convoys in the Netherlands and western Ger many were attacked Friday night by continentbased tactical air force light bombers Sixtyeight nazi planes includ ing 5 jetpowered Mcsserschmitt 262s were destroyed in daylight Friday and allied losses were 26 planes area were shaken Domei said lor uaniei r Quotinff an announcement of the central meteorological observa tory No other details were given in the brief Domei dispatch NORWEGIANS ADVANCE New York troops in a northward advance approximately 60 miles have occu pied North Cape continental Europes northernmost point Nor wegian telegraph agency dispatch from Kirkenes said Saturday the northwest corner of the Kcichswald While the troops were slogging through mud marshes and mine fields under cover of heavy ar tillery barrage they found indi cations that the Germans had re covered Jrom the first impact of the drive and were organizing their defense Among the more than 2500 prisoners members of 3 divisions had been identified Front reports said the Germans were rushing up reserves to dam the Canadian breakthrough that threatened to turn the soft northern corner of their west wall and lay the industrial Ruhr open to invasion Resistance was stiffening slow ly as the nazi reinforcements swung into line but headquar ters spokesmen and correspon dents at the front said Canadian and British infantrymen still were making good progress Moving forward in a drizzling rain that turned the battlefield into a quagmire and practically immobilized their tank support the allied ground troops carved out gains running to 3 miles and more in the past 24 hours In the first 48 hours of their big push Gch H D G Crears ing operated under war manpow er commission guidance Eric Johnston president of the United Slates Chamber of Com merce testified Friday that he pre fers the voluntary system He said that if the army and navy are A dispatch from advanced PaI convinced the system has broken cific headquarters said army Libj down he thinks it would be bet erators blasted Iwo Jima 750 j ter to strengthen WMCs hand by miles south of Tokyo Thursday giving it statutory authority rath ror the 64th consecutive day One er than adopt a compulsory plan Russian army gained up to 10 saulting Floyd County Sheriff B miles along a 28mile front in thtflT Atherton at her fathers farm march toward Stettin and the Bal tic coast One column captured Brallcn tin 29 miles southeast of Stettin and 58 miles south of the Baltic Friday and pressed on to within 25 miles or less of the big port against heavy resistance German broadcasts said fighting was raging even closer to Stettin miles Pyritz on the BerlinDanzig railway 15 miles west of Brallentin Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy home near Charles City when he went there in search of some stray calves Judge Kepler Friday ordered the trial continued until Tuesday OFFICIALS RESIGN Iowa City that they felt they had done their part R J Phelps and C R Mc Cann chairman and cochairman respectively of the Johnson coun ty ration board resigned Friday The men center of a dispute last spring between county and dis trict rationing officials had held I their offices since Jan 5 1942 I Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Sat urday night with lowest tem perature about 12 Sunday in creasing cloudiness with no de cided change in temperature Iowa Fair and colder Saturday Sunday increasing cloudiness with little change in tempera ture Minnesota Fair Saturday night and Sunday colder south and extreme east Saturday night warmer north and west Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGa7ette Weather Statistics Liberator was lost The raiders encountered only 3 enemy fighters over the target area and shot down 1 of them At the northern end of Japans island chain Liberators from Aleutian bases bombed Kataoka in the Kuriles Marine aircraft attacked Yap island in the western Carolines and Rota in the Marianas Maximum Friday 40 Minimum Friday 23 At 8 a m Saturday 24 YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum 15 Precipitation 10 Grand Came the Elephant Dallas Texas was a hot bridge game Capt James Shep pard Grinnan of Dallas beamed It looked like he held the makings of a grand slam He bid Then an elephant barged in and broke up the game It happened in the ChinaBur maIndia theater of war Captain Grinnan member of the Burma Banshees told the story when he returned home on leave AH top officials who have testi fied have endorsed amendments giving James Byrnes office the actual placement authority while leaving to draft boards to say which men should go into war work The bill cleared the house with placement authority vested in selective service Three farm organization offi cials have been invited to testify They are Ed ONeal president of the American Farm Bureau feder ation James G Patton head of the i National Farmers union and Al I bert S Goss master o the Na tional Grange London Budapest estab lishment camouflaged as an un dertaking parlor has been found to be the entrance to an under ground aircraft parts factory the Moscow radio said Friday The Germans employed thousands of foreign workers there Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CANADIANS OPEN WESTERN indicate allied drives on western front broken In the north Canadian and British troops lunging in a heavy offensive in direction of Kleve broke through the Sieg fried line and reached the Rhine river Farther south Yank 1st and 3rd armies continued drives between Aachen and Trier ;