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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 10, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 M P DCPARTWEUT OF HIST OS V AND ARCHIVES ccs woues i A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKiS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PKES8 AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES HOME EDITION innm MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 101943 71US PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS 4 Russian Columns Closing In on Khctrk ov Key Strong Point REDS APPLYING Patch Announces Officially Rl flWK Tfl Captured NAZI DEFENSES Long Range Guns Open Bombardment of Strong Points Along Roads By UNITED PRESS Four Russian columns closed in Wednesday on Kharkov center of the axis wjaler defense line and London reports said soviet long range guns already had opened a bombardment of strong points along roads leading to the city Kursk to the north ofKharkov aheady has fallen to the Russians and Rostov to the south was un der close and steady siege The Russian strategy appeared to be to apply triphammer blows to Kharkov which bolts together the center of the German line If Kharkov tells the present Ger man defense line will collapse and the axis forces will have to move west in search of new strong points The Russians were only 41 miles from Kharkov on the northnortheast 50 miles on the east 46 jniles on the southeast and 55 miles on the southsouth east f I i I ThefGermimdefensetriangleof RostovKramatorskMariupol a t t the southern end of the long win ter battlelinc was under Russian artillery fire at two points The triangle slowly was being turned into a vast trap with thousands of axis soldiers attempting to break out of the Russian ring Russian military sources in Lon don said it now was almost certain that the Germans would be pushed back to the Dnieper river defense line 250 miles west of Kharkov before the present soviet offensive is slowed down by spring thaws There were rumors in London that Adolf Hitler alarmed by the speed of the Russian advancehad moved his field headquarters westward to a point 30 miles in side Poland and behind the east i ern Siegfried line Attempt Desperate Counter Attacks MOSCOW Russian army forces are pouring through the Belgorod gap in German de lenses north of Kharkov the only point on a 200 mile front where the invaders still hold the line from which they launched their 1942 offensive battlefront dis patches reported Wednesday The great Upper Donets iiiclus menaced by a tightening semi circle ot assault with the red army roughly 40 miles from limits to the north east south At the same time the Rus sians announced the repulse of desperate enemy counterattacks against a second semicircle closing upon Rostov and against the Kramatorsk wedge to the northwest which if car ried south toward Sea of Azov might pinch off the whole Rostov defense force Japs Evacuated Senior Officers Left Men to Take Final Rap AN ADVANCE BASE IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC Gen Alexander MPatch commander of American troops on Guadalca nal island in the Solomons re ported officially Wednesday that Guadalcanal has been taken completely and there is no longer any vestige of any Japanese or ganized forces on that island General Patchs information was contained in a message to Admiral William F Halsey Jr commander of U S naval forces in the South Pacific Capt Myles Browning Halseys chief of staff announced that the last enemy resistance was over come at p m Guadalcanal time Tuesday The Japanese previously had evacuated an unknown number of high ranking officers by de stroyers and submarines but there was no indication of a mass removal of troops It was not a definite surren der Browning said Our flank ing force closed the pincers on the enemy and a blotout took place There was no more space for the Japs to occupy There was no report here yet on the number of Japanese killed or captured or whether the survivors trasjeed in the blotput near MAJ GEN PATCH parts the first of which was to deny the Jap its use for similar purposes against us That has bee sine 48 HOUR WORK WEEK MINIMUM SET UP BY F R Americans Are Told to Adopt Spartan Standard of Living WAS H I N G T O N The prospect of an invasion of Europe this year followed by unparullel ed prosperity in the postwar per Fainting Keeps Mother From Seeing Son in Newsreel KANSAS CITY S L Wilson has attended lour thea ters to see her 17 year old son Pvt Melvin Lee Wilson in a Guadalcanal newsreel Each lime she fainted just be fore he appeared on the screen Her husband a doctor accom panies her and each time lias been ready with restoratives Things just seem to go black when I know Melvin is due to ap peal Mrs Wilson explains But Im going to sec him yet Gandhi Starts Fast in India Claims He Is Wronged Man Government Charges Action Is Form of Political Blackmail Byrnes iod was held out to Ameri cans Wednesd day but until victory is won they were told they must work longer hours and adopt a Spartan stand ard of living To hasten the day of victory President Hoo sevelt Wednes day night ordered a 48 hour min imum work week on the home war front with time and a half iime anu a half n accomplished effectively ever overtime pay for all those covered ce last August by the fair labor standards act 2 Strangers in Dark Room Offer Apologies There is reason to believe the Japs were successful in mov ing out some of their people Browning said An interesting development in that respect isthe strong indication they made a de liberate effort to evacuate their senior officers when they per ceived the situation was hopeless leaving their junior officers and j Basis Proposed MADISON Wis SEATTLE Wash Rosser discover two strangers in room light ing their way with matches terribly sorry to have awakened you said one Yes I werein the wrong room said the othra Next morning Rosser couldnt find his wallet containing 15 Butter utuiauuju I his means a 30 per cent weekly wage increase for thousands now working a 40 hour week Until further order was limited by War Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt to 32 labor shortage areas extending and from Florida to California Immediately the action was announced Economic Stabiliza tion Director James F Byrnes went to the radio to sive the people a broad outline of the struggle ahead on the civilian front and particularly to warn against a creeping inflation Browning stated that Japa nese losses in the Solomons cam paign from the tinwof the American landing last August 7 through Feb 9 were unofficial ly 30000 to 50000 men includ ing many thousands wiped out in their own landing operations Official reports said more than 1100 enemy planes were actually observed to have been shot down Seventytwo Japanese ships were sunk and 11 probably sunk The figure on plane losses excludes hundredscrippled and probably unable to reach their home bases The Japanese have been com pletely eliminated from Guadal canal Capt Browning said We are now going to take of fensive action in which the com plete seizure of Guadalcanal has Ltunets incius vi u trial city which the Germans have an important part I am not at held since October 1941 thus was liberty to say what monnnori v Admiral Halsey sent a jubilant message of congratulation to Gen its cral Patch who took command on and Guadalcanal last month when the marines withdrew f Having sent General Patch to do a tailoring job on Guadal canal I am surprised and pleased at the speed with which he re moved the enemys pants to ac complish it Admiral Halsey said Captain Browning said the army navy and marines and their respective air components all had The Russians reported their greatest gains in the snowpiled chalk hill country between Khar kov and Orel where the strong hold of Kursk and the important rail junction ot Belgorod fell in hours of whirlwind assault The German communique re ported a tightening of the nazi defense in this sector and said German divisions in many places not only stopped the enemy ad vance but threw the Soviets back eastward inflicting heavy casual ties on Below Kharkov Russian troops trying to drive south ward around the Donets Basin to Jhe Sea of Azov met determ ined German resistance and the soviet columns closing in on Rostov were fighting off hitter German tank unit counterat tacks it was reported The movements of red army troops north of Kursk and north west of Voronezh point a Russian dagger at Orel another point on the MoscowKurskKhavkovCrL mca rail line an equal share in this victory but you must bear in mind the ma rines did the heavy spadeivork in the early months when the going was toughest He added that New Zealand and fighting forces also had contrib uted to the success of the cam paign American losses were not an nounced but army and marine ofticeis previously reported ra tios of one U S plane destroyed to every 10 Japanese and one American casualty to every seven for the enemy Navy losses were put at a scale of one ship to three of the Japanese So that people in the United Slates will not go hog wild over the victory Browning empha sized that Guadalcanal was never of any importance except for its airfield and jumping off point for future operations Guadalcanal now is s secure and relatively comfortable ad vance base for such operations he continued Our desire to take the island was made up of two ing of butter on an area basis in proportion to the amount con sumer in various parts of the na tion was recommended by the state advisory butter committee to safeguard the dairy industry against loss of its domestic mark limited to at least 13 pounds per capita per year for the civilian population or about four pounds less than customary CUT NEWSPRINT AGAIN WASHINGTON war production board announced Wed nesday that a second cut in the use of newsprint by newspapers not to exceed 10 per cent would be come effective on April 1 WITH MRS LUGE Wallace Replies to Charge of Globaloney WASHINGTON Presidqnt Henry A Wallace a biisy man who seldom comments on the doings congress took time Wednesday to take issue with Representative Clave Boothe Luce R Conn Mrs Luce in her maiden speech to the house Tuesday said Wal laces global thinking mat ter how you slice globa loney Wallaces proposal tor freedom of the air she said was not likely to prevent another world war Wallace in a oneparagraph statement that did not mention Mrs Luce by name said I am sure the republican party is not against either freedom of the seas or freedom of the ail after the war is over I am also sure that the vast bulk of republi cans do not want to stir up ani mosity against either our Russian or English allies at the present time None ol us wishes to use those methods ot preparation for World waIII will make World war III inevitable Mrs Euce whose announced in tention of making a speech Tues day attracted an unusually large number of house members saic that the policy of freedom of the seas had been detrimental to the American merchant marine She said that when the shootin stops the British would be pre pared to develop international air ways perhaps with Icpdlcase planes All postwar aims she continued are beclouded by allied While the proram was i beclouded by allit by Senator DNY snorancc ol tllc wishcs of Russi sponsor of much deal Inf inn i v lation as a blue print for vic tory on the home front con gressional reaction generally was Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cold wave Wed nesday afternoon and Wednes day night low in Mason City Wednesday night 5 beloxv con tinued cold Thursday forenoon light snow flurries Wednesdav afternoon and early Wednesday IOWA Much colder Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night with a cold wave Wednesday night in central and east por tions lowest temperatures Thursday morning zero to 10 below northwest and north cen tral and zco to five above else where Snow flurries Wednes day afternoon and early Wed i nesday night strong winds and Bales Wednesday afternoon gradually diminishing Wednes day night MINNESOTA Severe cold west and cold wave east portion Wed nesday night blizzard condi tions north and west and near blizard conditions southeast por tion gradually subsiding west portion Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night and east portion Wednesday night strong mixed Chairman Murray DMont of the senate small business com mittee expressed the opinion that the order would have the effect of stilling the demand for any of the pending manpower legisla tion now in congress On the other hand Senator Ball RMinn declared I dont think this order will make much difference in man power supplies But it will hurt the employer who cannot afford to pay the extra amount in wages and it may very well be the straw that breaks the camels buck i Manpower Commissioner Mc Nutt indicated that he 18 hour week probably would be ex tended to other areas later but it is not likely to reach cities having plentiful labor supplies New York for example The 32 areas affected immed iately are Bath MeBridgeport Water bury Hartford and New Britain Conn Portsmouth N H Spring field Mass Buffalo N Y Som erville N J Baltimore and Elk Va and winds and gales Wednesday night diminihsing IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 33 Minimum Tuesday night 10 At 8 a m Wednesday 10 At 2 p m Wednesday 4 Snow trace AGO rfttximum 25 Minimum jg Precipitation 05 ton Md Hampton Roads Washington D C Akron u Dayton Ohio Detroit Manito woc Wis Sterling 111 Bruns wick Ga Chnrleston 5 Car Macon Ga Mobile Ala Panama City Fla Pascagoula Miss Wichita Kans Beaumont Texas Cheyeonc Wyo Ogden Utah Las Vegas Nov Portland Ore San Diego Calif Seattle Wash In those areas said McNutt it the order applies to all em ployment Moreover Fowler V Harper McNutts chief deputy announced that it is not discretionary with employers but is mandatory A reasonable period of several weeks will be allowed to put the program into effect The manpower com mission expects to find other jobs for workers forced out by the longer work week Highlights or the program as outlined by Byrnes other than the 48 hour week include 1 No increase in hourly wage rates beyond that allowed by the war labor boards little steel formula except in special This formula pelmils a 15 per cent increase over Jan 1 1941 levels to compensate for higher living costs 2 Incentive payments to farm ers to enable us to increase pro A t piu uiu iorm 01 postv auction without increasing prices compulsory savings CLARE BOOTH LUCE Globaloney Dozen Mental Patients Still Sought After Blaze in Hospital EVANSVILLE Ind and volunteers still seeking a dozen or so mental patients who fled the Evansville state hospital fire travelled in pairs Wednesday in the belief that some of the fu gitives were dangerous Dr John Hare superintendent of the hospital said 15 or 20 in mates still were missing They fled when flames destroyed half the rambling institutions build ings before dawn Tuesday but no change in the farm parity formula 3 In farther Increase in the ba sic and essential cost ot subsis tence living We must break up the black markets 4 Work needed by all where most If some men can be drafted and sent abroad at S30 a month every civilian must go where he can render the greatest senice even if it means less money Higher taxes to close a S16 000000000 gap between income and the amount of available goods A part of the additional taxation on the lowermiddle income groups Byrnes said should take the form of postwar credits or DELHI L Gandhi spiritual leader of the I n di a n nationalist movement started a threeweek fast Wednes day which he called an appeal to the highest tribunal for justice but which the government termed a form of political blackmail The 73 year old man who has abstained from food for eight periods in a quarter of a century in passive demonstration against British authority began his fast at the fabulouslyappointed pal ace of the Aga Khan at six months o the day after his internment there Gandhi started hisfast at mid day but first he partook of his customary light meal of goals milk fruit juice and vegetables A government physician examined him before the meal The first indication that he had started the fast was the arrival of the Poona police chief with several officers to augment the guard at the palace gale Overlooking the palace from a hilltop is the man sion where Gandhi fasted in 1933 He had led an active life while interned He unfailingly took morning and evening walks and made a pilgrimage to the crema tion shrine to drop fresh flowers in tribute to the dead Gandhis present fast stem med from his contention that he is not responsible for the vio lence and bloodshed throughout India last summer and that he is a wronged and innocent mad The viceroy of India the Mar quess of Linlithgow took the view that Gandhi and the na tionalist congress were solely responsible and encouraged vio If There can be no moral justifi cation for the fast the viceroy wrote Gandhi To that Gandhi replied It is on my part meant to be an appeal to the highest tribunal for justice which I failed to secure from you If I fail to survive the ordeal I go to the seat of judgment in the fullest faith of my innocence Posterity will lunge between you as the representative of the all powerful government and me as a humble man who has tried to serve his country and humanity through it If 3f He has been held since the recent nationalist disorders which resulted from national ist rejection of a home rule pro posal Sir Stafford Cripps now minister for aircraft production brought to India in behalf of the British cabinet In London the India office announced that Gandhi had been offered freedom for the duration of his fast but that apparently he demanded unconditional re lease which it was not prepared to grant If Gandhi insists on fasting under detention he does so sole ly on his own responsibility and at his own risk1 the India office said H added that Gandhi would be permitted his own medical at tendants and that friends might be admitted to see him with gov ernment approval AH India watched apprehen sively for any trouble which might follow Although he is be hind barbed wire at a palace Gandhi is still the most important Indian Newspapers in India were ad vised to obseive restraint in an nouncing the fast in order to avoid stirring undue excitement American Soldier Is Wed to French Girl in North African Ceremony ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA first American soldier to wed a French girl at allied headquarters Air force Sergeant Frank M Cheney 28 of White Plains M Y re turned to duty Wednesday after a brief honeymoon The marriage ceremony of Ser geant Cheney and Mademoiselle Sylvia Cavalier 20 of Algiers on Feb 7 was attended by Lieut Col Elliolt Roosevelt who is in command of Cheneys unit Cheney met Mademoiselle Ca valier Dec 15 alter arriving in MOHANDAS K GANDHI north Africa SET RECESS DATE recess from Feb 28 to 8 Gold Wave Is Forecast DES MOINES cold wave and more snow flurries were fore cast Wednesday to bring to a close a springlike spell which has vis ited Iowa since the end of last week Snow in some sections of the state Tuesday night heralded the corning change of weather Daven port reported about fourfifths of an inch of precipitation The weather range in the slate Tuesday was great Burlington in the southeast section basked in 65 degree temperatures while Spen cer in the northwestern part of the state shivered at 8 degrees Subzero readings were forecast for Wednesday night at Fort Dodge and Mason City while Ce dar Rapids and Waterloo residents were told to expect zero tempera tures The snow flurries rode in on strong winds All danger of flood at Ottumwa which has been on the nlert since an ice gorge formed in the Des Momes river last week has dis appeared at least until warmer weather returns Charles D Reed senior meteorologist at Des Monies said C X W TRAINS TO NORTH ARE CANCELLED The bad weather in Minnesota caused the Chicago and North western to cancel the passencr trains between Sanborn Minn and Mason City in both directions Wednesday afternoon An at tempt will be made to get the freight trains through it was stated The Milwaukee and M and St L lines reported no difficulty with the weather The Chicago Great Western reported the south bound afternoon train about an hour late The Rock Island Rocket south bound and due into Mason City at p m was on time how ever and stcom trains on that line also were moving without inter ruption Actor Robert Taylor Enters Naval Air Force LOS ANGELES Star Robert Taylor entered the naval air force here Wednesday as a lieutenant JG Taylor 31 and a private pilot will report to Corpus Christi Tex within 30 days for training as a ferry pilot or instructor navy authorities Iowa said He took the oath under his legal name Spanglcr Arlington DES MOINES he senate passed and sent to the house Wednesday a resoulionto Atlrcss Barbara Stanwyck LAST OF ENEMY FORCES DRIVEN OUT OF LIBYA Vichy Claims Axis Is Attacking to Forestall Offensive by British ByROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Britains victorious Blh army was officially reported to have started a now advance into Tunis ia Wednesday breaking a pro tracted lull and at the same time the Germancontrolled Vichy ra dio asserted that axis Tunisian forces had launched an attack against the British The Vichy broadcast said the axis assault was made to forestall a British offensive First word of the British ad vance came from Gen Sir Harold R L G Alexander British com mandermchief in the middle east who told newsmen The enemys forces have been completely eliminated from Egypt Cirenaica Libya and the eighth army is advancing For several days axis quarters have reported that Gen Sir Ber nard L Montgomerys armies were massing troops tanks big guns and other equipment along the LibyanTunisian frontier ror a new offensive Advance 8th army troops were reported to have thrust 60 miles across the border several days ago Vichys report an axis coun terattack indicated that Col Gen Jurgcn von Arnims Tunisian Warfare WilTlte Me rged I nto Q ne Big Tunisia Battle CAIRO time is Im minent when all warfare in Africa will be merged into one big baltle for the control of Tunisia Gen Sir Harold R L Cj Alexander British com mander for the Middle East said at a press conference Wed nesday The bad weather should be over Tunisia by the end of March Alexander said He add ed that he British eighth army now was out of the desert and was entering regions of clay soil Great battles have been fought and great victories have been won Since Nov 4 we have advanced 1500 distance equal from London to Moscow Credit must be equally shared by the navy the army Ifie royal air force and the United States army air Torcc They all played their part and we must not forget the senice of supply and the repair depots without whom we would have been unable to achieve success forces may have reinforced Nazi Field Marshal Evwin Rommels battered legions and turned on the British 8th army somewhere in the vicinity of the Marcth line 60 miles inside Tunisia Alexander made his statement in his first press conference the dark clays when Marshal Rommels advance was threaten ing Alexandria and the Nile val ley He said lie expected Rommel to pull his forces in behind the Marclh line some 65 miles in side Tunisia and try to hold off the eighth armys drive as long as possible f think he will stand at the Mareth line as long as there is no clanger of being isolated the British commander said As long as the enemy is able to hang on in north Africa allied op erations will be hamstrung he explained and that is one im portant reason to drive the axis out of Tunis Apparently the Mareth line is the only position behind which Rommel can attempt a stand for there is no evidence of any new fortifications prepared north of that defense works Alexander said he was confident the line could be turned by sufficiently strong forces since it extends only about 40 miles inland from the coast The British commander de clared the fortifications were much too short to be m effec tive barrier for mobile forces which could swing around the de fenses The enemy stand in north Africa depends mainly on sfcp ply linos Alexander said Air Blows Timed With New Offensive LONDON IP The British eighth army has resumed its ad vance into Tunisia in preparation ;