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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 10, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HtSTGHY ATI AC e u N t i i COMP I VC VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS EUUL LEASED WIBEs FIVE CENTS A COPY THE NIWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 10 1942 THIS PAPEll CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OISE JAPS NEAR CITY OF SINGAPORE UL Repair Breach in Causeway at Night 4 OUR FORCES IN BATAAN FELL 7 JAP AIRPLANES MacArthurs Defenders Battling Increasingly Heavy Odds on Ground WASHINGTON forces m the Philippines shot down seven Japanese planes in the last 24 hours the war department said Tuesday but are battling increas ingly heavy odds on the ground The army transport Royal T Frank 224 net tons was reported sunk by a torpedo in Hawaiian waters Jan 28 with 29 persons reported lost Thirtythree sur vivors reached an Hawaiian port In the Netherlands Indies the department reported in its com munique a small formation of American fiffhter planes shot down one enemy plane In a minor action with a flight of Japanese bombers The text of the communique No 99 of the war based on reports received here up to 12 noon east ern war time I Phillipine theater In a message to the war de partment General MacArthur emphasized the grim determina tion of his AmericanFilipino troops The identifications of five veteran Japanese divisions on Ba taan peninsula in addition to many otherIsxipporyjig vtrbogsand the reportedlahajaig in the liihgayen gulf areas indi cate the heavy odds against them Fighting in Bataah during the past 24 hoursswas intermittent but of a particularly savage nature The enemy suffered heavy casual ties During the past 24 hours our Iroops shot down seven enemy planes This brings the total hostile aircraft positively confirmed as destroyed in the Philippines since the outbreak of the war to 183 Many others were hit and probably destroyed but their loss has not been definitely confirmed Seise fire directed against our forts from concealed enemy batteries along the Cavite shore continued Our connterbattery fire met with some success 2 Hawaii The commanding general Ha waiian department reports that the United States army transport Royal T Frank was sunk by a torpedo fired by an enemy sub marine in the Hawaiian area on Jan 28 Twentynine persons are missing and believed lost Thirty three survivors have reached an Hawaiian port The Frank was a small inter island freighter of 224 net tons operating in Hawaiian waters It normally carried a limited num ber of passengers 3 Netherlands Indies In a relatively minor aerial ac tion a small formation of American army P40 fighting planes encoun tered a flight of Japanese bomb ers In the ensuing combat one enemy plane was destroyed None of our planes was damaged 4 There is nothing to report from other areas CLAIM ENTRANCE INTO MARTABAN Japs Assert Forces Reached City at Mouth of Salween River TOKIO From Japanese Broad troops en tered Martaban at the mouth of the Salween river in Burma Tues day Domei reported tut tniru naval Martaban on the west bank of districtr as he ordered the big ship the Salween is opposite the port of Moulmein which fell 10 days town a center of British resistance for the past week was occupied at 2 p m local time the agency reported The British communique ac knowledged Tuesday there had been contact with a small enemy force north of Martaban but did C2ear heher the across the tideswept Gulf Martaban from Rangoon chie port of the Burma road Burns at Hudson Pier Fire boats pour water on the former French liner Nof mandie as ilames swept the ship at its Hudson river V J 3 fore rourrd Ship Rolls Over on Side at Pier Blaze Started by Sparks From Welders Torch Ravages Boat NEW YORK a great wounded monster but somehow majestic still the fireseared and waterlogged former French liner Normandie succumbed to the surging tide Tuesday and top pled to ignominious rest in Hud son river mud Ravaged by flames a gaping hole cut in her hull in a vain attempt to counteract pressure of the incoming tide the 000009 vessel rolled over at a m EWT and now lies on her port side in 40 feel of water alonffsidc her pier Touched off by sparks from a welders torch flames raged through the naval craft for threo and a half hours Tuesday before they were brought under control by every available piece of land and sea fire fighting equipment in Manhattan Two hundred twenty of the 2200 workmen and naval person nel aboard suffered injuries and orte welder Frank Trentacosa 36 died Monday night in a hospital of a fractured skull which re sulted when hejumped from deck to pier It was ever so gently and with scarcely a noise that the 80000 ton the U S naval auxiliary her fire blackened superstructure to the waters surface in surrender Only the crunch of ice and a final belch of smoke and flame extinguished by fire the settling of the sea giant while spotlights from fire equipment on shore and in he river played on iier toppling bulk Hope that she could be salvaged even in her present position and condition was expressed by Rear Admiral Adolphus Andrews commandant of the third naval abandoned tbiee hours before it rolled over At that time a 21de ree list had developed and the clear ship order was taken as a precaution againstloss of life The pier also was cleared I dont believe the fire was caused by sabotage Admiral An drews said There was nothing to indicate it A bis hole was cut in the ships starboard side to allow water to VJ j omiuvaiu to allow tC SaFweln Sed toe broad be pumped into amidships srtx taajs v fv v Jjr lilt of ship more firmly on the bottom but the pressure of the tide coun teracted this emergency measure RUSSIANS SCORE NEW ADVANCES Hitler Admits Reds Smashing in Heavy Massed Attacks By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Russias armies driving forward through galewhipped snowstorms reported Tuesday they had liber ated 8p cities and more than 4800 towns and villages in the past 10 weeks and declared that the Ger mans had lost 40000 men in the Crimean battlu of Sevastopol alone Soviet dispatches said the red armies were scoring heavy new gains in the Donets river indus trial basin in the Ukraine and in the drive agaist Smolensk 230 miles west of Moscow Adolf Hitlers field headquarters acknowledged the Russians were also smashing in heavy massed attacks against Gorman lines be fore Leningrad but asserted they had been driven back LITTLE CHANGE IN NORTH AFRICAN FRONT On the North African front British headquarters reported little change in the situation with im perial patrols active on a line from Tmimi to El Mechili 50 miles west of Tobruk At sea the German high com mand declared nazi bombers at tacking a stronglyprotected Brit ish convoy off the Egyptian coast scored hits on a light cruiser a destroyer and two big transports inflicting such heavy damage that some were presumed lost Weather Report FORECAST M A S O N CIT Y Slightly colder Tuesday night IOWA No decided change in tem perature Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night MINNESOTA Somewhat colder west portion no decided change in temperature cast portion Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night occasional very light snow Tuesday afternoon and extreme east portion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 25 Minimum Monday night 16 At 8 a m Tuesday 20 YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum a US Supply Line Reported Set Up to SW Pacific BOSTON HPjThe arrival at Wellington New Zealand of the vanguard of a United States naval force was reported Tuesday by the Christian Science Monitor by its correspondent Joseph C Harsch who described also the landing of American reinforce ments at way stations along the route from Pearl Harbor In a copyrighted story Harsch told of his landing at Wellington from a destroyer described as the first unit of Admiral Herbert F Learys American forces He said the landfall was reached even be fore the public announcement of Admiral Learys appointment to command all allied forces in the Anzac area The Monitors correspondent said he traveled part of the way from Pearl Harbor with the forces that attacked the Japanese man dated Gilbert and Marshall islands Then he changed to an other unit by breeches buoy in midPacific Therealter he said he spent many days among the tropic islands where ships well known to the luxury trade poured American reinforcements into way stations along the 4000 mile route from Hawaii lo New Zealand After dex scribing the waving of hats and flags as the destroyer came into Wellington harbor at 23 Harsch added the color of this little act in a great drama lay a sym bol of an important American victoryThe battle of the supply line from Americas factories to the Far Pacific battle front has been won Japan has suffered its first serious reverse An American admiral commands the terminus of the supply route The way sta tions have been secured Blue jackets are here And the way is open for re in force men Is and the vital weapons of war lowan Is Sentenced for Theft of Sugar DUBUQUE Roy Duggan of Dubuque has received a pended sentence of a year in jail and 5100 fine for his part in the theft of two sugar from modeled for 100pound Mcks of a building being re a new restaurant COMMENCEMENT SHORTENED IOWA CITY ment week at University of Iowa has been shortened to a weekend year and the summer term will begin just three days later The governors day review of the ROTC unit and Mothers day festivities also have been scheduled for the weekend Writes Japs Dive Bombed at Leisure By HAROLD GUARD SINGAPORE 5 p n m paid lny asl visit to the Singapore front Tues day afternoon and watched Die bravest men in the world crouch ing in ditches while huge flights of Japanese planes divebombed and machinegunned at their leisure Our men are falling back un der Japanese attacks backed by heavy new landing forces aloiiff the northwest and western shores of the island The rattle of heavy machincgun fire nniv is audible in the western suburbs of Singapore City and the sravity of the position of tlie de fenders of Singapore is obvious In London some observers be Heved that Singapore will fall within 24 or 48 hours The loss of the British empires great east ern bastion was regarded as a foregone conclusion There is Only one real way to report this battle of Singapore That is to go to the front lines and see for yourself reference to Ins last visit He may expect that the bailie will be raging at the gales of the city of Singapore shortly or he may ex pect to be evacuated Monday I spent the day around Singapore City I heard the crash ing sound of arliUery fire grow ing nearer and nearer and formed my own conclusions Tuesday aflernoon I have been out in he front lines I have been watching our troops in ac tion including the Argylc regi ment which has been fighting ever since the battle for Ipoh half way up the Malaya penin sula I watched our men crouching in ditches while overhead droned flight after flight of Japanese 27 planes to a flight The Japancse planes dive bombed our men and then dive bombed again They opened up with their machine gum in low llymg strafing out at their leisure There was nothing our men could do lo combat the Japanese aviation Our troops lack noth air support Their morale is high They are BRITISH STATE Invaders Battle Way SITUATION ON Across Isle Despite ISLE VERY BAD Stubborn Resistance Cl Radio Station Silent Heavy Toll Is Exacted of Invading Forces By HOGEIl D GltEENE Associated Press War Editor Overwhelming masses of Jap anese troops swarmed on to Singapore island Tuesday forcing British imperial defenders to execute a new withdrawal in what appeared to be the dying hours of the struggle for Britains last great stronghold in the far Pacific Informed quarters in London id it was possible the Japanese had infiltrated into Singapore city itself and attacked the radio sta tion there The station suddenly blanked out Tuesday morning Tokio dispatches broadcast by the Italian radio said Japanese assault forces had driven within five miles of the downtown heart of Singapore city A Berlin broadcast said the Japanese commander Lieut Gcu Tomoyuki Yamashita sent a message Tuesday morning to the British commaiiderin chicf Lieut Gen A E Ferclval demanding thD surrender of Singapore Bloody ffclitinff still continued however with the hardpressed Australian British and Indian imperials exacting a terrific toll on the invaders Domei official Japanese news agency said in frontline dis patches that Japanese engineers had repaired the 3000foot Jo hore strait causeway which the British had breached and that Japanesetroops and supplies were pouring over the span London quarters gravely ac knowledged that the situation on the embattled island was very bad as Japanese reinforcements attacked along a twomile front A previous British counterat tack aimed at wiping out the first Japanese landing parties had been beaten oft by sheer weight of numbers Domei said Japanese enirmeers swam out under cover of dark ness ana worked frantically throughout the niffht to repair the lohore causeway and that by morninpr a steady stream of Japanese troops and supplies poured over the structure Members of the Japanese en gineering corps on the night pre ceding the full dress offensive against Singapore swam under cover of Japanese guns to exam ine places where the causeway had been ruptured Domei said Materials were fully assembled and repair of the causeway was ail heroes every them man Jack of IOWA CADET KILLED MIAMI Fla Aviation Cadet Robert L Jones 22 of Marshalltown Iowa was killed near Dania Fla Monday in a plane crash which navy officials attributed to an attempted forced landing after engine trouble de veloped Kuaiding tte southern endof the causeway The Vichy f French radio broadcast a bulletin from imperial Tokio headquarters saying all British airdromes on the island had been occupied The crisis was near The invasion army evidently was driving to complete the con quest of the Sl 00000000 fortified island one key io southwest Pacific by Wednesday as a holiday gift to Emperor Hirohito The Japanese arc strong on holi day victories such as the capture of Hongkong Christmas day and the winning of Manila at the new year They celebrate Feb 11 as Kigcnsctsu the anniversary of the legendary founding of their cmoire in 660 B C A British headquarters com munique said imperial lines were forced to withdraw Mon day afternoon under heavy di rect pressure and the menace of infiltration The powerful origi nal landing parties were re Ported unofficially to have been strongrljreinforced A iivr vu Japanese A counterattack in Ihe bloody Thailand and French struggle across the undulating China open country rubber plantations u i ihe A ivi Strfanf dispatch broadcast by news agency de clared Japanese forces had en circled Bukit Timah village a rail and highway junction five miles northwest of the heart of SINGAPORE rattle of machine gun fighting echoed the western suburbs of Singapore city Tuesday a new Japaneseinvasion forces landed at two coastal points battled their way across Singapore and an equal distance southeast of Tonga airport which already had falle lo Japanese driving from a beachhead at Pasir Laba Singapores governor Sir Shen ton Thomas told the straits settle ments legislative council We are all in the hands of God from whom we can gel comfort in our anxieties and strength to piny the man and help one another in all the ordeals which are to come Civilians concentrated in the ity area in the southern tip of the imperiled island did not need the governors words to bring the island despite stubborn resistance by British imper ials The gravity of the position of the defenders was empha sized by the mounting rum ble of artillery 1irc the cur tain of white antiaircraCI shell puffs and a billow of smoke west of the city Enemy artillery shells still were bursting in the out skirts home to them the fact that they ere near the front There was no disguising magnitude of the disaster Singaj pores fall would inflict on the united nations It would 1 Gravely endanger all allied bases between the Suez canal Egypt and Pearl Harbor Hono lulu 2 Free Japans powerful Ma layan armies for attacks on lava Burma and even Australia 3 Deal a blow to united nations manpower in the southwest Pa cific unless the more than 60000 British troops now locked in bat tle on Singapore island could be almost impossible feat 4 Give Japan a free passage to the Indian ocean and the Bay of Bengal Noncombatants from the areas immediately west of Singapore cily began pouring into the main the residential and business districts High military officials said hat the situation was serious rejrardin the island as a whole following new Japanese land iiifcs under a tremendous artil lery barrasrc duririK the nisht on the north coast between Simeci Kranji ami Sunjrci Mandai BULLETINS LONDON An exchange telegraph dispatch from Singapore Tuesday said the British had be gun to apply a scorched earth pro gram with the blowing up of all oil tanks and the firing of all rub ber pineapple and other factories northwest area of the is the land TOKIO From Japanese Broad Thousands of leaflets illKing the early capitulation of the British forces at Singapore wore scattered from the air by Japanese war planes lo the British defense forces this morning according to a Donjei dispatch from the front CANBERRA Australia Australia Tuesday night went on a total war basis with a virtual government dictatorship of in dustry labor and finance Prime Minister John Curtin an nounced the government has froz en all prices and wages banned all speculation and fixed all profits at 1 flat 4 per cent Complete industrial conscrip iion of both employes and employ ers was introduced and the gov ernment invoked powers to trans fer citizens anywhere in the com monwealth under military control if necessary for the war effort Chiang and Viceroy of India Confer on United Nation Strategy NEW DELHI India eralissimo Chiang KaiShek of China and the Marquess of Lin lithgow viceroy of India repre senting onethird of the people of the world conferred here Tuesday on united nations strategy with special reference to India and Burma The London News Chronicle heard the Tokio radio broadcast a report that strong Chinese forces had been massed in southern China presumably for an at tack on the Japanese rear in With Chiang wore I n d o brilliant witti were us bnl ant Ling graduate and 15 staff officers who are to confer with fs of the British India and other commands on allied strategy and tactics over the en tire southwest Pacific area Buy your defense savings stamps from your Globe Gazette carrier boy or at the GG business office Enemy forces which previously tiad bmdedputhe west coast con tinued to push back the defense forces and were fighting to join up with the troops landed on the north coast near the causeway from Johorc Bahru and the rail road line leading to Singapore Japanese broadcasts claimed they were within eight miles of Singapore city in the vicinity of Fanjang on the railroad That would indicate a junction had been made by the two main Japancse invasion forces and that they held the northern section of the railroad As in the first Japanese land ings on the west coast the Japa nese crossed the strait under a bombardment which set skies ablaze over tho island and at day break great formations of Japa nese planes including dive bomb ers joined the attack On the west coast between the Kranji river and Pasir Laba it was admitted that the imperial force made further withdrawals un der the terrific impact of the ncnal anc dment It was indicated that the invasion forces would seek to drive down the main railroad irom the causeway to Singapore tity near which they fandcil lurinp black hours nf Ihc nlsht before mnonrisc Thus they hope In form a junction in mirlisland with the powerful west coast forces which under protcciion of the gun and airplane bombardment were steadily pushing back the imperial lorccs through the swampy jungle and the rubber and pineapple plantations along the west coast Tuesdays communique disclos ing the grave threat which the determined Japanese attack pre sented was as follows During Monday night the en emy succeeded in making further landings in the island area of Sun gei Mandai and Sungei Kranji The enemy maintained contin uous dive bomb and machine gun attacks on our forward areas in the western sector throughout the day as well as high level bombing attacks by large formations of air crafl Af the same time they main tained heavy pressure aiul con tinued to infiltrate in this area Despite stubborn resistance there has been some further with drawal of our forces In the north coast islands there was some enemy machine gun fire during the night and slight enemy shelling As the Japanese guns foretold Ihc nciv attempt to land troops during the night the ringinR notes of the bugles soundine the alarm sent imperial reinforce ments to battle positions to meet an attack which it was lakcn for crantcd would be even more ferocious than that which had rtrivcn back the defense forces steadily all day Monday ;