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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO ARCH KOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION itirnri VOLU mod fna Fun Wiradeba Con MASON CITY IOWA FKIDAY FEBRCAKY t IMS FWMT Couliti of Two Stctiew Section NO 1M INSIDE WASHINGTON McNutt British French Without Jitters By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Columnist Washington War Manpower Chief Paul McNutt back from an inspection tour ol France said Everybody I saw abroad was calm and purposeful Only Wash ington has the jitters You found ho hysteria no pri vate quarreling over there asked Absolutely none said McNutt with emphasis Over there every body knows there is a job to be done what the job is and that the thing to do is keep plugging steadily until the job is fin ished And what help do they heed from us McNutt hesl MeNUTT tated a moment Then he found the wqrds he was looking for They need so many rounds a gun a day What I mean is that it is the foot soldier who is to win the war Bombing has been disturbing but not conclusive Winning this war is going to be like winning most something and holding it McNutt or Governor as most peoplecall him in honor of his onertime position in Indiana wouldnt speculate on the date of the European wars end He did say that there were 3 possible peaces surrender Separate peaces by individual armies warfare McNutt thought it likely that guerrilla warfare would be the answer Here again would the foot sol dier be needed For guerrilla war fare still means picking off of the enemy almost one by one Was there enough of food in the places he visited Plenty of food if hedid lose a lot of weight But there was certainly not enough heat The Ritz hotel in London was so cold that you sleptwith all your clothes on including shoes overcoat and knitted hel met And then you werenTt warm PUSH DEEPER TOWARD RHUR Zhukovs Forces Fighting for Frankfurt KONEITSARMY DRIVES DEEPER INTO SILESIA Say Russians Have Clamped Pincers on Key Oder Citadel London UR Berlin reported Friday that Marshal Gregory K Zhukov had clamped a pincers on Frankfurt and violent battles were raging on both sides of the key citadel on the west bank of the Oder33 miles east of Berlin Eighteen miles north of Frank furt soviet armored forces fought in tbe streets of burning Kuestrin which the naxis said had been en circled temporarily by the junc tion of Russian bridgeheads across the Oder A Moscow broadcasthinted by an impending announcement on the battle of the Oder before Ber linby the red army command It said Zhukovs front had been wrapped in official silence which usually precedes some big an nouncement Hard battles oh the Oder on both sides of Frankfurt continued Ernst von Hammer nazi military commentator said Be reported that the Germans had crushed a soviet bridgehead across the Oder at Fnerstentrarr 43 miles southeast of Berlin but other Russian units gained a firm foothold on the west bank just south of Frankfurt Von Hammer said Marshal Ivan S Koneyfs army anewfrom its bridgehead across tHeV Oder at Steinau ana hid driven 40 miles north 1300 Yank Planes Blast Continent London OP Approximately 1300 American heavy bombers escorted by more than 850 fight ers attacked German oil supplies and railways Friday adding their weight to what may be a record 24hour assault The main force attacked the synthetic oil plant at Lutikendorf a few miles northeast of Leipzig Other Flying Fortresses and Lib erators hit armament and motor transport factories at Weimar in central Germany switching yards at Magdeburg and several other undisclosed communications tar gets About 1000 British bombers Thursday night blasted a synthetic oil refinery at Politz of Stettin in an area lying ahead of soviet troops British Mosquitos struck sharply at Berlin The HAF struck at Politz oil works in 2 attacks spaced 2 hours apart The refinery is one of the 2 largest in Germany and special ized in aviation fuel It virtually was put out of action January 13 the RAF reported but had been partly rebuilt by impressed labor working around the clock British and American tactical air forces based on the continent used improved flying weather to hammer nazi troops from one of the front to the other The U S 9th air forces fighters and fight erbombers flew more than 1500 sorties while the British topped 1000 sorties for the first time in daylight Gun positions railways and en emy troops dug in around the Reichswald forest were the prin cipal targets Warplanes of the Mediterranean allied air force flew more than m ter from thelrowbetween President Henry Wal lace and former Secretaryof Commerce and RFCChairman Jesse Jones that the wayto1 keep a fellow in fighting itrim is to give him agood government job There seems be a lot of pugnacity still eft in both Jesse and Henry How about Busing up some of this in a useful way Put them in send them off to help winVthe war personal ly That ought to be fine in some super kind of K P Signed YouCantFoolMe I do believe you are jealous Why should you in the service have all the excitement Why shouldnt some of the stayathomes have a chance to let off steam Maybe if there was more of the Wallace Jones kind of hitting behind the lines the urge to fight could be used up safely at home If youare kept busy defending yourself you do lose that yen to save the world Right A New York friend hoped she could get away from this place before she gets the Washingtpn eye The Washington eye What kind of an eye is that I asked Is it crossed or jaundiced No Is it a cocked from casting too many apprehensive glances here and there Youve almostgot the defini tion of the Washingtoneye my New Yorkfriend said The Wash ington as I have seen it is the eye that is always looking for somebody more important It always goes to cocktail parties It glances over your shoulder while you are saying your best sentences in search of Jf a person somewhere anywhere in IS the crowd who might be more useful Somebody who is more definitely on the up and up than you are Its the roving predatory eye Its always looking for some body more desirable to devour Its dreadful this Washington eye my New York friend insists It is ill bred and stupid And the funny thing is it really gets no where It is a blind eye Quite without vision And dim before it starts roving 2000 including a blockbuster attack on Pthe Verona the Russians he added He report ed a gigantic battle in the Bres lauLiecwltziGlbgau triangle Swedish refugees who fled Ber lin to their homeland reported that inhabitants of the German capital expect the red army to reach it within a week or two More than BerUners have left the city since Russians arrived at the Oder they said The nazis not onlyadmitted that fierce street fighting was under way but said the Soviets had encircled the fortress town by linking up 2 bridgeheads on the west bank of the Oder Kuestrin lieson theeast bank 38 miles east of Berlin The encirclement later was broken however Berlin said Other soviet forces were fighting to clear the east bank outskirts of Frankfurt 18 miles south of Kues trin and 33 miles east of Berlin Both anchor towns were in flames from soviet artillery and nazi de molitions The official German DNB agen cy said the Russians were pouring tanks into bridgeheads across the unconfirmed officially by to a j largescale attack on the reich capital Marshal Gregory K Zhukov swung the northwest wing of his first White Russian army toward the Baltic on a broad front in an attempt to seal off a 12000 square mile pocket consisting oj Pomer ania the Polish corridor and Dan zig which supplies have been funneled to Field Marsha Albert Kessel rings armies in northern Italy still smouldered Friday a dispatch from Rome announced More than 500 U S I5th air force heavy bombers blasted com munications and other targets in the Vienna area and at Grds by daylight Thursday NAVY FLYERS HIT JAP SHIPS AT HONG bombs can be seen bursting among Japanese ships in Horig Kong harbor during the Jan 16strike by carrierbased Dewey Hits Roosevelts Foreign Policy Washington Thomas E Deweys Lincoln day speech looked Friday like a warning to President Roosevelt to drive a firm political bargain with Pre mier Josef V Stalin The alter native would be to risk a major foreign policy dispute with well organized republicans Dewey spoke here Thursday night at the Statler hotel fief ore about 1200 party leaders He made a doublebarrelled attack on Mr Roosevelts home and foreign pol icies He endorsed the foreign pol icy program of Sen Arthur H Vandenbergr R Mich which Is under such bitter attack in the do mestic communist press as to sug gest that Stalin would balk at It The reaction of congressional leaders in the audience generally was enthusiastic For example Sen Kenneth S Wherry of Nebras ka republican whip thought Dewey put the Roosevelt admin istration on notice to do a better job in foreign relations Dewdy didnt get a 100 per cent endorsement however Sen Ray mond Willis R Ind was luke warm on the foreign policy sec tion of Deweys speech but agreed with his discussion on domestic affairs Mr Roosevelt doubtless Is aware now of Stalins Ideas on the Van denberg plan He and the soviet union leader are in conference in the Black Sea area with Prime Minister Winston Churchill The Vandenberr proposal was in 2 parts I An immediate AngloAmeri eanRussianChinese treaty to MONTGOMERYS ATTACK HEARS BURNING KLEVE Canadians Drive Deeper Into Reich Capture 6 Towns Paris Marshal Montgomerys powerful new of fensive toward the Ruhr carried within 4 miles Friday of fire racked Kleve northern terminal of the original Siegfried line and penetrated deeply into thewest wall fortifications in the Reichs icans Across rasig Finish Manila Battle Mohawks Finish Home Card this Weekend Mason Citys cagers wind up their home basketball season with t tames this weekend Friday night tbe Cardinal and Black tabes on East Waterloo with West of the same city on tap Saturday night The sophomores Cerro Gordo county champions enter tain Swaledale Friday night at 7 oclock and Hensett Saturday at the same hour The Mo hawkTrojan contest Friday will ret under way at approximately Advancing 15 to 22 miles on a 20mile front the 1st army shat tered the first German defense line before Stettin and the Baltic at apoint 40 to 58 miles north east of Knestrin The line had been based on the StettinDeutsch Krone highway and railway midway between the 2 Pomeranian strongholds For ward units seized Reetz 59 miles from the open Baltic and 41 miles southeast of Stettin Also captured were Sammen thin 3S miles southeast of Stettin Berkenbruegge 10 miles southeast of Reetz and more than 100 other towns and villages The advance carried to within 19 miles south east of Stargard a 10way rail way and highwayfhub guarding the approaches to Stettin The Russians also were within 36 miles sooth of Stettin at Soldin captured several days ago In SUesia Marshal Ivan S Koncvs 1st Ukrainian army ex panded its bridgehead across the Oder river 180 miles southeast of Berlin to240 square miles Kurtsch 12 miles south of Bres lau was captured in an advance to within a half mile of one of the 4 remaining railways out of the Silesian capital The Germans were counterat tacking at frequent intervals in a so far futile effort to stem the soviet onslaught the Russian high command said in its midnight communique House Tables Building and Loan Measure Des Moines Henry W Wormley R Kingsley gave a building and loan measure a tongue lashing such as members of the house said they had not heard for years and the lower chamber virtually killed the bill by voting 75 to 17 Friday to table the measure The bill ostensibly would hive permitted building and loan asso ciations to participate in loans to veterans of this war under the GI bill of rights However there were lumerous other provisions in the 6 page measure Rep Arch W MacFarlane R Vaterloo explained the bill when t was taken up briefly Thursday and upon resuming action upon he measure Friday agreed to an amendment which would have made minors ineligible to partici pate in such loans under the act Wormley strenuously objected Thursday to the inclusion of minors and arose Friday to verb ally tear the bill to pieces He declared the measure was not an attempt to help GI Joe but was a disguised effort to re write the whole building and loan statutes This is an umbrella bill In tended to cover up things refused the buildingand loan associations in previous legislative session Wormley said This is the most vicious bill Ive ever seen in the Iowa legislature I dont blame the sponsors of the measure because somebody has put over on them However they should take up a collection and end the author to the South Seas The bill was introduced by Reps MacFarlane Albert Stein berg R George E Farmer R Cedar Philip T Hedin Floyd P Davis R Fred Schwengel R Arnold Utzig D and Frank W Less D Identity of the author of the bill could not be learned immediately Rep T A Latchaw R Wilton Junction brought the debate to an abrupt halt with a motion that the measure be tabled Without further remarks the house ap proved the motion by the top heavy vote A vote of the house is required to bring a bill back to the floor after it is tabled REPORT JAPS LOSING POSITION Two Yank Divisions Trapping Enemy Manila battle of Manila entered its last and blood iest phase Friday as American in fantrymen swarmed across the Pasig river to root out and de stroy the Japanese trapped in the southern half of thecity Doughboys of the 37th Buck eye division crossed the Fasig in amphibious tanks and on pontoon bridges late Wednesday and quickly established a wide bridge head on the south bank opposite the Malacanang palace The Japanese put up only weak resistance along the river bank but they stiffened later Wednes day night and fought back sav agely with mortars artillery and rifle fire Their position was rapidly dis integrating however and it was believed that all organized oppo sition would be crushed within a very few days at most The ad vancing 37th was deep into the southern half of the capital early Friday and herding the Japanese survivors back slowly into th waiting guns of the U S llth airborne division moving up from the south The main body of the llth air borne was reported slightly nortl of Nichols field Wednesday night but forward elements apparently were well north of the enemy held air base and cutting into th rear of the Manila garrison The desperate street battle wa going ahead under a great pall o smoke and flame that blanketec the entire southern half of Ma nila The Japanese still wer burning and wrecking wanton inside their narrowing pocket an it was feared that the port and vast area of the central city woul be burned to the ground befor the last enemy has been killed Tokyo broadcasts said the Japa nese have evacuated all but skeleton force from Manila an indicated that the Philippine presi dential palace was among the buildings destroyed by their de motition squads The main business section ol th city was reduced to blackene ruins although most of the fin in the northern half had been rought under control and life in hat Americanheld area was re urning to normal Troops supplies and ammuni ion were pouring into the city at terrific rate following the re air the wrecked bridges north f Manila and there was little ikeiihood the ramaining Japa ese could hold out for long Mean while N o t he r American roops practically completed the ob of cutting Luzon in 2 along a ine running southeastward from gulf beachheads 110 miles north of Manila Units of the 25th and 6th infan ry divisions wiped out the last resistance in Munoz Ri al and Lupao 75 to 85 miles above the capital after one of the itterest fights of the campaign In Munoz alone the victorious Americans counted 1242 enemy dead along with 42 knockedout anks 62 armored cars and 22 uris The armored losses raised to more than 200 the number of Japanese tanks destroyed on Lu zon amounting to about two birds of the tank strength of the Japanese second armored division Missouri Valley Police Catch Lose Cook and Giles Again Missouri Valley Police Chief H W Conaway said Edgar Cook and John Giles who es caped from the Council Bluff jail several weeks ago were cap tured here earlyFriday and then escaped again after a bullet punctuated struggle with police Conaway said they used a hid den revolver which police hai overlooked in searching them t escape i The police chief said Night Marshal Charles Huff discovered the men attempting to pound the dial off the Rialto theater safe here early Friday and called for reinforcement Giles and Cook did not resist immediately and Conaway said he took a 38 caliber automatic pistol from one of them while they were being held in the alley behind the theater However enroute in an auto mobile to the police station Giles whipped out a hidden revolver put it to the back of Huffs head and told him to stop or Ill blow your head off HEINGYS WILL HANG FOR CRIME Judge Sentences Father Son on Murder Charge Spirit Lake Iowa District fudge Fred M Hudson Friday sentenced Phillip H Heincy 72 and his son William Henry Hein cy 45 to be hanged for the con essed murder of Robert W Rac bel 63 West Okoboji lake resort operator The judec set the late for the as March 2V 1916 and the 2 men were started immedi ately for the Fort Madison stale penitentiary riding in separate automobiles Asked by the judge whether they had anything to say the younger man replied No sir and his father mumbled some thing that sounded like sorry to persons nearby Raebel was shot and beaten and Mrs Raebel was beaten and seri ously injured in their home last Dec 16 by the robberybent Heincys formerly employed by the Raebels Raebel died almost instantly Mrs Raebel is still in a hospital recovering from her in juries The men pleaded truilty to first degree murder charges and a hearing was held last week to de termine the severity of the sen tences to be imposed Following the killing the Hein cys returned to Quincy 111 where they had lived since leaving Iowa and were arrested there about a week later keep Germany and Japan per manently disarmed 2 Agreement now that political settlements in Europe made or he made in various liberated countriesbe subjectrtd general re view aiter the warC The communist press interprets this latter provision as sabotage of the Tehran agreements reached in 1943 by Mr Roosevelt Church ill and Stalin in their first con ference Some others interpret it as a precaution against communi cation of a large part of Europe The communist press says that is nonsense If Dewey can make the Vandenberg plan stick as formal republican doctrine it may be up to the president to obtain Stalins agreement to postwar reexam ination of European political ques tions The alternative could be a bitter and bruising political con test in this country over the shape and scope of postwar security ma chinery Dewey conceded that opposing points of view must be reconciled at the Black Sea conference and that we cannot expect to have It all our way But we insist that the decisions be made with us and not without us he said with our representa tives in the discussion every day on every subject and not occa sionally or part of the time The time has come for the hard pains taking labor of translating ideals nd geneialities into reality and wald Since dawn the flamethro wine Canadian first army had advanced more than 2 miles deeper into northwest Germany and captured 6 more towns one of them 3 miles from the Rhine before it branches out toform the Waal and Neder Rhine In Holland Most or the villages were in Germany The nearest to Kleve was Frasselt and the nearest to the Rhine was the Dutch village of Leuth Tuthees on the main road from captured Kranenburg to Kleve was taken along with Zandpol Niel and Breedeweg in the omyard surge of the Canadian and British tanks and infantry The new attack bringing to life a long dormant sector applied a pincer on the Ruhr far to the south the American 1st and 3rd armies were cutting up toward the arsenal region of coal and steel In the center the American 9th and British 2nd armies were de ployed along the Roer river for a frontal blow to the dense indus trial area Vanguards of the attacking force were reported halfway through the forest early Friday imperiling the twin strongholds of Cleve and Goch that form the northern anchor of west as infantrymen have pushed almost the forest from the west to within about 4 miles southwest of Cleve and miles northwest of Goch German resistance softened and in some places paralyzed by a thundering allied aerial and ar tillery bombardment showed few signs of stiffening Friday morn ing 24 hours after the start of the offensive that promised to set the whole western front ablaze Aerial reconnaissance indicated however that the Germans were recovering from their initial sur prise and were beginning to rush reserves into the threatened area At least 7 towns 2 of them Ger man were captured in the first 12 hours of the advance and 1 allied column on the northern flank of the assault line was reported less than 3 miles from the Rhine cross ing town Millingen The outer belt of the Siegfried fortifications already had been cracked and field dispatches in dicated that terrain was Buy yonr War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Floyd Soldier Given Cluster to Air Medal An 8th Air Force Bomber Sta tion England Sgt Robert L Schlader of route 1 Floyd Bl Flying Fortress waist gunner in the 351st bombardment group ha been decorated with an oak lea cluster to his air medal for mer torious achievement on comba missions over Europe Sgt Schlader 19 years old son of Mr and Mrs Virgil Schlader i a veteran of 12 bombing attacks on enemy installations He wa graduated from Floyd consoli dated high school in 1943 and en tered the army Oct 14 same year clion We want to o transform he sure of action the agreements cached at Dumbarton Oaks from iieccs of paper into living reality the flooded soggy proving almost as Execute 8 Norwegians or Assassination Stockholm from Vorway said Friday that 8 Nor vegians were executed in retalia ion for the assassination Thurs day of Karl Narlhinsen Quisling Olice chief A nazi courtmartial imposed the death sentences the pronazi pup pet government rejected an ap peal and the victims were shot Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Continued mild temperature Lowest Fri day night 25 to 30 above Iowa Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Warmer in north east Friday night Not too much change in temperature Satur day Minnesota Partly cloudy with little change in temperature Friday night and Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday 34 Minimum Thursday 18 At 8 a m Friday 32 Rain 11 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 47 Minimum 10 great a barrier as the Germans to the allies forward progress More than 1200 prisoners were captured in the first onrush and the bag was reported mounting rapidly Headquarters spokesmen made it clear that the big push was on to break open Germanys western front in coordination with the red army march on Berlin from the east The combined AngloCanadian forces of Gen H D G Crerars Canadian first army went over to the attack against the northern corner of the Siegfried wall at a moment when jittery nazi spokes men were predicting an offensive farther south on the British 2nd and American 9th army fronts Berlin said the British and American armies massed along the Roer were deploying for a grand assault onthe Cologne area Still farther south the Ameri can first army broke through the Siegfried defenses covering the river dams while Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army sreached the west wall on an B mile front before Pruem and won 10 crossings of the Sure and Our river lines between Luxembourg and Germany At the bottom of the allied front all organized German re sistance ended suddenly in south ern Alsace where a combined French and American army cleared out the Colmar pocket after more than a month of fierce fighting The Canadian first army offen sive opened shortly after midnight Thursday morning when a great fleet of British heavy bombers thundered across the battle lines to splatter more than 2000 tons of bombs down on Cleve and Goch At 5 a m hundreds of allied field guns massed hub to hub opened up with a tremendous bombardment that continued for 11 hours without a letup Then at a m Crerar lent his armored and infantry ;