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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 9, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOSY A N 0 A 3 C K I 0 3 WO I N 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED W1BES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 9 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 105 JAPS QUIT GUADALCANAL Russians Sudden Capture of Kursk Imperils All of German Line Below Moscow Large Scale British n Movements in Tunisia Reported by Vichy By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor A sudden and spectacular Rus sian coup which netted the cap ture of Kursk one of the big six bastions ot the German de fense system imperiled the whole nazi line below Moscow Tuesday even as red army siege guns thundered destruction upon the axis citadel at RostovonDon Kursk which lies mid way between Moscow and Kos tov formed a major link in the German defense wall alone with Smolensk Bryansk Orel Kharkov and Rostov The city in the Black Earth re gion on the southern slope of the central Russian plateau had been in nazi hands since Nov 11 1941 four and n half months after the German invasion armies stormed into Russia Latest soviet dispatches said red army troops pushing up through Bataisk 10miles south of Rostov had moved their heavy artillery into range along the south bank of the Don river to bombard that Germanheld keystone Other soviet columns last re ported 50 miles east of Rostov kere reported cleaning up Ger man nests A Russian communi que said the fleeing nazis were not only abandoning their wounded but killing them Soviet advices declared approxi matelyi250000 German troops and their satellites were entranched at determined to risk another an other 200000 axis soldiers cut off in the western Caucasus below the city REPORT LARGE SCALE BRITISH MOVES IN TUNISIA Simultaneously the German controlled Vichy radio indicated that the lid was about to blow ofl the North African battle cauldron declaring that largescale move ments by British motorized forces were in progress along the Liby anTunisian frontier Something big is brewing the broadcast said For reasons of military secrecy British headquarters withheld mention of any offensive but noted significantly that Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 8th army had now brought up its ar tillery and was now engaged in hammering at Nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommels defense in the northern sector In a delayed dispatch from the Tunisian frontier Associated Press War Correspondent Edward Ken nedy reported that the last axis soldier had retreated into Tunisia two days ago shortly before a British armored column rolled along the coastal road into an old Fmnch frontier post in Tunisia Monday our patrol activity continued the British announced tersely SICILIAN CITY HEAVILY ATTACKED BY BOMBERS i Meanwhile allied bombers of the middle east command deliv ered a heavy assault on the im portant Sicilian city of Messina port entry for supplies shipped to the key Mediterranean island from Italy Sicily is a potential stepping stone for an allied in vasion of southern Italy In the western air war Stock holm dispatches reported that the Danish capital at Copen hagen had been bombed three times during he night and ex plosions were heard on the nearby Swedish shore of the Skagerrak Coincidcntally in the wake of the KAFs destructive assault on the nazi Uboat nest at Lorienl France German authorities said the had been so severe that Lorient and eight surround ing districts would be evacuated by Wednesday London had a brief airraid alarm Tuesday quickly followed by the all clear German raiders machine gunned a crowded Lon donbound passenger train before it escaped into a tunnel HOUSE TO TAKE UP BILL TO CUT IOWA PAY LEVY Senate Passes Measure 47 to 0 Action May Be Completed This Week DES MOINES ma know by the end of the week wha state personal income taxes they will have to pay this year and next on their 1942 and 1943 earn ings The house voted Tuesday to take up as a special order of business a bill slicing in half the income taxes lowans will have to nay during 1943 and 1914 The bill was passed by the sen ate 47 to 0 after less than two day of debate If the house acts wit corresponding speed it is possibl the bill may reach the governo for his signature by the end of th The governor who asked for substantial reductions in income taxes when he took office is be lieved to be in accord with the provisions of the bill passed by the senate Working all afternoon for he first time this session the sen ate Monday voted A halve the income levy which annually has added approximately S 8000009 to the fund from which home stead tax credits and oldage pensions are paid The vote was 470 Under the terms of the senate approved bill taxpayers would be permitted to remit their state in come tax in two equal install ments as at present but in the event the net amount due after the 50 per cent deduction were less than S10 the whole amount would have to be paid in a lump The measure now goes to the house of representatives which Monday debated the question of local option for state liquor stores but took no decisive vote Three alternate proposals were voted down in the senate before the tax measure carried One of these would have elim inated entirely the state personal income taxes due this year and next Another the Lynes amend ment would have allowed prop erty owners credit on their prop erty tax equal to one half of their income tax payment in the next two years A third proposition sponsored by Senator A J Shaw would have increased allowable deductions and exemptions to re lieve income tax payers in the lower brackets STEPBYSTEP HISTORY OF vasion andcapture of Guadalcanal island in the Solomons by United States forces is shown step by step in the series of photos above Invasion barges loaded with marines andtheir equip ment can be seen upper left as they pulled away from the transports offshore Reaching the beach the leathernecks jumped from the barges and charged ashore lower left The Yan kees were aided in their mopping up oftht Japs by tanks like the one shown upper right When the Americans finished with an enemy camp on the island lower right there was nothing much left except the pieces as the Japs evacuated the island Hospital Burns Hunt Mental Patients House Votes End to Day Savings Time DES MOINES that daylight savings monly known as war wasted daylight instead of saving it particularly on farms the Iowa house Tuesday adopted a resolu tion asking congress to repeal the wartime statute The resolution declared that by repealing war time legislation and returning to the regular astro nomical time standards it would agriculture to operate with a greater degree of efficien The resolution introduced by the agriculture committee of the house declared that daylight sav ings time actually cut down in stead of increases the number of daylight hours available for farm Woman Injures Self While Slicing Bread LEBANON Pa Alice Miller wonders if shes the first casualty of the OPAs sliccit yourself bread ruling She was treated at a hospital for lacera tions of the thumb and index fin while slicing bread work which cannot be done under artificial light It added that daylight time since its establishment has proved to be wasteful rather than time saving and added that it has not resulted in a saving of electric power and fuel in factor ies because they operate on a 24 hour basis The resolution in which senate concurrence will be asked will be sent to lowans in congress who will be to use all their in fluence to get regular time re stored before heavy farm work begins in the spring 100 REPORTED STILL MISSING Searchers Look in Pairs for Dangerous Persons EVANSVILLE I n d fire swept the Evans ville state hospital Tuesday kill ing a woman attendant and driv ing 1180 mental patients many them terrorstricken into the countryside Military police aided local au thorities and hospital employes in rounding up the patients Hours after he fire about 100 still were missing Some police said may have perished in one wing of the 50 year old brick and wooden structure One woman patient was found hanging from a bridge over the Ohioriver and svas pulled to safety and placed in a strait jacket Another woman bare foot and clad only in a slip was found pedalling furiously through Evansville streets on a stolen bi cycle Another stark naked was found crawling half a mile from the ruined hospital The body of Mrs Ida McClure supervisor of the linen making shop of the hospital was found in her charred second floor bedroom Some violence has been re ported Heneisen said and mili tary police are assisting invbring ing in some of the more difficult cases One military policeman strained his back trying to help with oneman The patients that lavent been returned have scat tered all over the neighborhood and sonic arc wandering farmer away While authorities made ar rangements lo house the pa tients those who remained were guarded on the institution grounds by auxiliary and volun teer police It was believed many would be housed in the county coliseum Merchants and warehousemen made trucks available These were fitted out with beds to bring Ihe more feeble and aged to other quar ters Sgt Sherman Hamsley head of Allow Lawmaker to Change Vote After Hours Wrangle He Was Talking to Woman Pushed Wrong Button in Iowa House DES MOINES The Iowa house Tuesday sent a bill pro viding for local option for state liquor stores back to its liquor committee for reconsideration through a parliamentary preced ing that reversed Mondays house action After nearly an hour of wrangling about parliamentary procedure the house voted 60 to 46 to permit Representative Walter II Bonn KVictor lo change his vole on Mondays action house and sits next fo Bonn The house was thrown into a state of commotion when it con vened and Representative Wilson Reed R Fairfiekl moved im mediately to permit Bonn to change his vote The house mem bers had expected lo vote on the main point of the local option the commit tees report recommending indef inite postponement should be ac cepted If the report had been adopted the practical effect woulc have been to kill any chance o further action of local option fo liquor stores at this session TheJiousc Monday voted 52 lo against sending the bill back the liquor committee for re consideration The committee hud originally recommended indefi nite postponement on the matter By allowing Bonn to change his vote from to yes the cor rected ballot showed 52 votes for recommittal and 51 against Speakers fh favor of recommit lal Monday contended sending it back to the committee WONT ALLOW PAY BOOSTS WLB Denies Increase to Big Four Packers WASHINGTON war labor board refusing to relax its I little steel wage stabilization formula Tuesday denied a gen eral wage increase to 180000 em ployes of the big four meat packing companies By a vote of 7 to 4 the board reaffirmed its determination to stabilize general wage rates under the formula in order to prevent YANKEES SCORE VICTORY WITH 6 MONTHS FIGHT Nipponese Say Forces Left Alter Mission Had Been Fulfilled By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A Tokio dispatch broadcast by the German radio reported Tuesday that Japans armies had been evacuated from Guadalcanal island in the Solomons after a sixmonths battle against U S forces landed on the island in the first allied counteroffensive in the South seas It is officially announced that Buna on New Guinea and the island of Guadal canal have been evacuated by the 1 a p a n c s e the broadcast said In Washington Secretary ot the Navy Prank Knox said there waS no doubt in his mind that the Japanese were evacuating Guadalcanal Knox said his opinion was based on some received by the navy All enemy resistance on the island has apparently ceased he said except that there may be a lew little groups left Berlin quoted imperial Tokio headquarters as saying the mika dos forces withdrew from Guad alcanal after their missions had been fulfilled Japanese losses in the Guadal canal and New Guinea theaters were listed at 16734 dead against 25000 allied troops declared wiped out cent cost oT living increase from that date to May 1DS2 Unions representing employes of Swift and company Armour and company Cudahy and com pany and Wilson and company nil of Chicago had demanded wage increases ranging from 10 lo 20 cents en in excess ot the formula ceiling If the report had been rejected as the wets hoped Ihc mcasur would have been plated on th ouse calendar for later The house engaged in an hour f debate on the of the police bureau of identifica tion said he searchers were working in pairs due to the dan gerous condition of some of the patients More than half of them have the house pave the way for killing any possible action on the bill this session The liquor committee may hold the bill until it is too late to take the matter up before adjourn ment ToiiKtime members of he legislature said Tuesdays ac tion was one of the few times in the history of the legislature that such procedure has taken place on a major bill The action allowing Bonn to change his vote was considered a sharp setback for the dry forces who Monday had fought to brin the bill out on Ihc floor Bonn told Ihc house before tin vote was taken that he regreltcr the unfortunate and unintentiona mixup He said he intended t vote to send it back to the com mittee but was talking with Rep resentalive Mae A Lynch D Pocahontas at the time of tin roll call and accidentally pushet the wrong button on the votini machine He said he continued talking t Mrs Lynch after pushing the but ton and did not notice until h been returned to the grounds he lead the proceedings Tuesday tha said but the remaining ones prej his vote had been cast against re sent a really difficult problem I committal and it might take several days to Representative Lynch is the round them all up only woman lawmaker in the another tragic race between prices and wages Labor mem bers voted solidly against the de cision It has become increasingly evident that the stabilization of BILLION ASKED TO BUILD SHIPS WASHINGTON more than a billion dollars to speed the maritime commission to its goal of five merchant ships a day by next May a 52621104 37 independent offices supply bill was sent to the house Tues day by its appropriations com mittee House consideration i taiivcly was scheduled for our domestic economy as conj Monday A correspondent of Domci of ficial Japanese news agency Monday described the battles in he Solomons and New Guinea as marked by most pathetic and tragic incidents and said Japanese troops sometimes had KOIIC for 20 days without even a grain of rice The Buna campaign ended less than three weeks ago with the an nihilation of a 15000man Japa nese army systematically tracked down in the Papuan peninsula jungles by American and Austral ian troops under Gen Douglas MacArthur Approximately 15000 other Japanese troops whittled down lo fewer than 1000 in the final stages were involved in the Guad technicalities of ccivcd by congress by the inally re Reeds motion and deciding hat only a majority vote would f necessary for passage Only about a dozen spectators vere in the gallery Tuesday in omparison to the nearly 200 Mon day when the local option bill was argued for two hours George W Taylor said in the ma ority opinion The little steel formula limits vage increases to a maximum of 5 per cent above wages received Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Light or freezing drizzle changing to light snow and colder Tuesday night Cold er Wednesday forenoon Lowest temperature in Mason City 5 IOWA Colder in west portion Tuesday night and in cast por tion Wednesday forenoon con siderably colder in extreme west portion by morning oc casional light drizzle in ex treme west portion Tuesday changing to light snow late Tuesday afternoon or early Tuesdaynight rain or snow east and central portions Tues day night changing to snow Wednesday forenoon except ii extreme southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 33 Minimum Monday night 17 At 8 a m Tuesday 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 27 Minimum 20 resent Vice Chairman Almost 90 per cent of the total was for what the committee de scribed as strictly war purposes including S887017000 for the vet erans administration 51289780 000 for the maritime commission S8B000000 for the public roads administration and S1944500 for the national advisory ccmmit alcana campaign which began hist Aug 7 when U S marines stormed the strategic island and captured lapanccbuiU Ilcndcr J son aiiritMcl Regular U S army j troops subsequently relieved the hard fighting marines Jan 1 1941 to offset a 15 per tee on aeronautics Ihc German broadcast larked immediate confirmation a U S navy communique Sun clay hinted that the end was near reporting that American troops had completed a 40 to 50 mile flanking thrust which put them within five miles of the GUADALCANAL ISLAND ;