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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 9, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home VOL XXXIX FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 9 1933 HOME EDITION THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 109 Pace Is Set by Machine Increased Use Main Characteristic of Present Age This is the second article in a aeries in which Prof William Fielding Ogburn research di rector of the presidents com mittee on recent social trends discusses what he considers the 10 biggest problems facing America Ily WIITIAM FIELDINO OCIBUBN Written for tho Associated Press The rapid growth of machines is a characteristic of modern life Steam electric and gasoline power applied to machines have produced cities railroads factories and are changing rural life The automo bile has aided the growth of suburbs affect ed the life in vil lages increased the burden of our courts al most wrecked the railroads c o n s o 1 i dated churches and schools ren d e r e d nearly negligible the boundary lines of increased touring af W1UIAM f OGBUSH counties fected hotel life reduced the num ber of household servants modified home life changed Sunday recrea tion aided criminals and modified our manners and morals Social Changes Lag But these social changes follow and do not precede the technologi cal changes There is a delay a lag The machine killed millions and maimed tens of millions before ac cident prevention and workmens compensation were developed The tin can has helped to bring woman suffrage yet there remains the ideology that womans place is in the home The automobile and the telephone produced the metropolitan re Fnfie tf Column 3 TRIMMING BILL Customs Bureau Declares Economy Will Increase Smuggling WASHINGTON Feb 9 customs bureau notified the senate today that passage of the treasury bill as it stands with its drastic economies would necessitate dis charge of 1500 men June 30 would open the Canadian and Mex ican borders to wholesale liquor smuggling and perhaps close all of the 40 odd inland customs offices except Chicago In passing the treasury bill the senate reduced the customs fund for the nextfiscal year from 900000 to 517500000 and directed that department as well as all others to spend five per cent less than the total appropriated for each The bill is now in conference with the house Customs officials said they could not stand tle cut much less any part of the five per cent saving for the department as a whole as 92 per cent of its total ap propriation went for persounel and only 8 per cent for contingent ex penses Under the cut sponsored by Sen ator King D the bureau 1000 men would have to be aid off while under the 5 per cent slash fathered by Senator Bratton D N 500 more men would be released SIX DEAD IN OMAHA HOTEL BLAZE Nations Plan for Economic Conference EUROPE PUTTING FAITH UPON SIX POINT PROGRAM League Officials Arrive in London to Discuss Arrangements LONDON Feb 9 Roused to new hope for the return of prosper ity the nations of the world have been assured by Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald that the world economic conference will be held at the earliest possible moment A survey by Associated Press correspondents stationed in the var ious European capitals shows that the conference preparatory com mission with its work just com pleted has focused attention on a six point program for recovery League of nations officials al ready have arrived in London to discuss conference arrangements with the British government AlacDonaid To Preside That Mr MacDonald will preside over the first assembly of its hind in history with the sessions start ing in July in old St Jamess pal ace is likely unless a new and un expected move is made to shift the conference to Washington The world economic conference will bring to London from more than 50 nations a host of famous men and women not only bearded scholars high brow economists and worried financiers but also pictur esque national figures Hitler who alts in the chair of BUmarck will come for the ceremonial opening word from Berlin but there ts not much prospect of a general muster ing dictators Joseph V Stalin and Benito Mussolini will assign the Russian and Italian interests to special envoys Six Formidable Headings It will be Mr MacDonalds task to put the delegates face to face with the troubles of the world as catalogued by the preparatory ex perts under six formidable headings as follows J monetary and credit policy 3 Prices 3 Resumption of the move ment of capita 4 Restrictions on interna tional trade 5 Tariff and treaty policy 6 Organization of production and trade These cover the whole range of complex problems from the gold standard silver questions and trade barriers to river and land trans port and what is to be done for farmers the world over To Britain as the host the world economic conference means an op portunity for building a new world economic structure on the corner stone of the AngloAmerican debts conference in Washington next month War debts are not the cause of all the worlds ills but they are the key to recovery according to the British view Shoulder to Shoulder France will stand shoulder to AUNT NET By Robert Quiilen I reckon they they was in love faiit there aint ten women in this town would o married when they did if theyd had a million dollars o their own shoulder with the United States urging that British return to the gold standard and will espouse a j currency stabilization fund to en able the recovery of central Euro pean countries as outlined in the recent conference at Stresa Italy France also will advocate a pub lic works program and mild tariff reform looking toward general world recovery The Hitler upheaval in Germany upset all previous plans for the con ference there and the new govern ment has not outlined its policy Let Him Freeze Say Officers When Fugitive Longs for Southland DENVER Feb 9 Streits conscience was all was just the 17 below temperature that urged him into a police station Send me back to Miami Beach Fla and Ill do that stretch for stealing a car he told the officers But the Florida police replied thus tc a telegram Informing them of Hymans arrest Let him freeze We dont want him and we havent got anybody whod come up there after him Hyman was one of the very few i persons on Denver streets last night What World Hopes to Get From Parley By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Here is what the nations of the world hope to obtain from the first world economic con ference ever held which is to take place next summer In London The United States desires a concentrated drive to lower in ternational trade barriers that world commerce may he re vived Great Britain looks jor a new World economic structure on the basis of the pending debts ne gotiations with the United States France hopes for currency stabilization and the return of Britain to the gold standard Germany desires solution of the world economic and finan cial problems through interna tional cooperation Italy advocates a new eco nomic league of nations Russia hopes for a pact of economic nonaggression The small nations of central Europe convinced that the problem of recovery is one for the great powers to solve hope that the great powers will get about it and that their efforts will be successful in order that the countries of the Danube may enjoy reflected prosperity PROVIDES TAX ON GROSS INCOMES Bill to Levies Introduced in Iowa Senate DES MOINES Feb 9 gross Income tax which would re place all present taxes on property is provided for In a bill introduced in the senate today A tax of half of one per cent would be levied on gross Income under the provisions of the bill which was drafted by a group which included representatives of the Iowa association of tax justice former Mayor Thomas B Huff of Sioux City and others Under the provisions of the bill the tax would be applied to all gross Income Including sales rents service fees and other forms of in come One of Sponsors Senator Vincent Harrington of Sioux City one of the sponsors of the hill in the senate said it was estimated that the taxes so raised would be sufficient to permit the elimination of all present taxes on property The state budget director would be responsible for the operation of the law and everyone having a gross income would be required to submit a report Every person in the state who re ceives an income would be required to pay a tax There would be no ex emptions and the rate of tax would be governed by the expenditures of each taxing district the expen ditures to be limited by a maximum fixed by the general assembly The bill provides that the gross income tax would be collected on salaries from the employers of per sons receiving salaries or wages and be deducted from the payrolls Pay Percentage Tax Corporations and individuals would pay a percentage tax on their gross Income regardless of how the income is obtained Persons with an income other than salary would be required to pay the gross income tax under oath on their other re ceipts Collections of the gross income tax would be made in the same way aa those now used for collecting the millage tax levies The rate of taxa tion for state purposes would be fixed by dividing the gross income of business done in the state by the amount of money required to sup port the state government The bill carries a publication clause so that it would go into ef fect immediately if passed but the first gross income tax would not apply until Jan 1 1934 Case Under Advisement COUNCIL BLUFFS Feb 9 J The petition of Bernard Wick ham 23 to have his uncle removed as administrator of the estate of the boys father was taken under advisement by Judjre Wheeler U S CONVINCED UNITED DRIVE TO REVIVE TRADING Expects World to Cut Down International Barriers WASHINGTON Feb 0 United States will enter the world monetary and economic conference at London next summer with a firm conviction that a concerted drive by the leading nations to lower inter national trade barriers will bring revival of world commerce The conference will approach the betterment of world commodity prices through two channels eco nomic and financial On the economic side tariff quotas licenses to Import and other devices which have been used by nations in restricting trade will be considered for the purpose of elim inating obstacles which have di verted trade from regular courses Embargoes on Gold On the financial side the stabil ization of currencies so as to elim inate exchange regulations em bargoes on the movement of gold and other devices for the manipu lation of credit transfers are to be considered Until Franklin D Roosevelt has completed his debt and economic discussion with Great Britain in March and has selected a secretary of state and a secretary of the treasury the tariff policy of the new administration probably will not be well enough defined to make clear whether the United States will be willing Lo disctss tariff schedules at the and sackett It is not yet known whom the new president will name to repre sent this country at the London conference Norman H Davis and Frederic M Sackett American am bassador at Berlin were the United States representatives to the steer ing committee which gave final ap proval to the program prepared by international economists Davis Is a democrat and a delegate to the world disarmament conference and has been in such frequent contact with Mr Roosevelt that he might be designated a delegate to Lon don but there has been no official indication of this The Roosevelt tariff treaty policy is the policy of making reciprocal tariff arrangements with individual not expected by economists to figure to any ex tent in the conference Better Silver Price Plans to better the price of silver will be advocated by American rep resentatives While the economists who pre pared the program expressed the opinion that no country can suc cessfully adopt bimetallism with out the cooperation of other im portant powers they recommended discussion of plans to avoid the precipitate unloading of surplus governmental supplies of silver with disastrous effects upon ex change and suggested considera tion of using more silver In small coins and in the arts Sunday Recovering After Heart Attack DES MOINES Feb 9 Rev William A Billy Sunday famed evangelist was reported re covering today from a heart attack brought on by acute indigestion HITS LINCOLN STORY The rail splitting legend of Ahrahnm Lincoln has been split wide open by Mrs Sarah Pear son 90 Indianapolis who as serts the late president was too lazy as a youth to split rails or do any chores about the house She was a neighbor of the Lincoln family at Charles town 111 Thomas Lincoln Abes father declares Mrs Pearson tried almost every Icnown method of gettinghis tail and awkward son to work but Abe would rather slip off to the woods or read than lo nmn ual work Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Cal Fet to see the old U S sen ate come clear like it did We all felt that in a good fair trial with all the evidence brought out on both sides that she would clearher fair name Ani sho miff she did It She just got right up and said I am not guil ty and said It so convincingly that she made her own members which was the Jury believe it Mr Barry takes up journalism exclusively now and the next sargent at arms engaged will be a blind man then there will be no writing about what he sees Yourn WILL Copyright 1833 JIcNaugHt Syndicate House Shelves BUI to Create Buying Agents Tax Reduction Act Killed With Eight Other Measures BULLETIN DES MOINES Feb a By a vote of 82 to 19 tho hoizso today passed un amended teach ers minimum wngo law fixing the minimum at n month but allowing boards of educa tion to increase this sum or temporarily suspend tho mini mum if district financial con ditions warrant DES MOINES Feb 9 house sounded the death knell on nine bills today by adopting com mittee reports for indefinite post ponement Among them was the tax reduc tion measure creating county pur chasing agents The measure was attacked by Representative McFar lane Ditto Gallagher and Johnson who declared it was contrary to the interests of economy by creating 99 purchasing agents McFarlane characterized the measure as the second worst of all bills by the interim committee while Ditto said he had absolute confidence In his board of supervis ors and could see no reason for this type of legislation Spelled Graft Gallagher contended that the bill spelled graft in capital letters It was claimed by Johnson that if supervisors failed to perform their duties as purchasing agent they could be changed Representative McCreery said he favored c entrallzed buying and would like to see an amendment making the county auditor the pur chasing agent The senate yesterday passed the bill amending it so that employ ment of purchasing agents other than county officials would be ap plicable to counties of 10000 popu lation or over Other bills indefinitely postponed were By tax reduction committee lim iting tax levy increases to the same percentage that assessed valuations increased eliminating schools with a dally attendance of less than 10 pupils Others Postponed By Gittinger requiring postingof stallions not certified By Stiger eliminating the declar ation of independence articles of confederation and bill of rights from the code By McFarlane providing that the code and supreme court dockets be printed in Des Moines if bids arc acceptable By Grell Wiese fixing the wage of primary election officials at 50 Turn to FBge S Column S NEW LINDBERGH EXTORTION PLOT COMES TO LIGHT Men Held in Alleged Threat to Kidnap Second Son ROANOKE Va Feb 9 Polico hero today held Joe Bryant 19 and Norman Harvey 28 both for United States connection with al of this city authorities in leged attempts to extort from Col Charles A Lindbergh by means of kidnaping threats Police said letters had been sent to Lindbergh threatening to kid nap his second sou Plainclothesmen since Dec 1 have been playing checkers with the men Today one of the men walked into a bank following re ceipt of a note accepted a dummy package and joined his companion on the outside Their arrest followed Quiz Wife of One Roanoke police were questioning Bryant and Harvey along with the latters wife Bryant according to police went to the state and city bonk which is within a block of city hall while detectives trailed them Bryant went to the teller W M Skcltan and presented a check for 17000 saying Heres the check I want to get cashed The check which had been se cretly numbered wcv taken and Bryant was given a package sup posed to contain the money Disclaim All Knowledge visTREljITpN N J NeyIJyseyvstate police officials said today they hadrno knowledge o alleged recent attempts to extor money from Col Charles A Lind bergh The department disclaimed an connection with arrest in Roanoke Va today of Joe Bryant and Nor man Harvey on charges of attempt ing to extort from the flyer Another New Cold Record Marked Here Algona Is Coldest in 5 Years Davenport in 8 Years Another new record cold was es tablished in Mason City when thermometers showed 26 below zero during Wednesday night upsetting the mark of 24 below set the Tiitfht before The sun was shining Thurs day The Iowa weather bureau still failed to give any promise of a real letup in the bitter winter weather The coldest temperature In five years at Algona was reported Wed nesday night when the temperature dropped to 23 degrees below zero Davenport was experiencing the coldest day in eight years Thursday The weather bureau reported a tem perature of 20 below zero Thursday morning Highways Aro Clear Despite the heavy snowfall of the past two days the highways are MOLLISON LANDS IN NATAL BRAZIL Sets Record by England to South America Flight in Four Days NATAL Brazil Feb 9 Captain J A Mollison landed here today at p m Greenwich mean time p m E S T after completing a flight across the south Atlantic from Thles Senegal French West Africa Mollison In his Hearts Content eft Lympne England Monday morning thus beating the record of the French plane ArcenCiel for a EuropeSouth American flight in four and a half days Hunt for Omaha Man Thought by Wife to Have Met Foul Play OMAHA Feb 9 to lay were seeking Francis L Berg nan missing since July 15 after tfrs Pauline Bergman had reported that she feared her husband had net with foul play According to her story Bergman left home last July by truck for Davenport and ias not been heard from since The truck was found at Burlington Hoover Signs Act for Cotton Distribution WASHINGTON Feb 9 President Hoover has signed an act authorizing the distribution of 3oO000 bales of farm board cotton to the Rod Cross and other organi zations for the relief of distress CONCERT BY SCHOOL BAND IS POSTPONED The band concert scheduled by the high school band for Thursday night was postponed to Thursday Feb 23 This program includes con test numbers In all classes of com petition and it was believed that directors throughout North Iowa who had been invited would be un able to attend because of weather conditions ESCAPE FROM FIRE BOONE Feb 9 four sons of Lester Russell narrowly escaped suffocation today when the Russell farm house near here was destroyed by fire Ons of the boys froze his feet after running from the building clear in that vicinity and only minor delays were reported by bus lines and railroads Ottumwa in south central lowp reported a 19 below minimum lowans will continue to shiver in the grip of seasons most severe cold wave the government weather bureau officials predicted as they forecast another 30 degree below zero blast for northern Iowa Thurs day night The thermometer In southern Iowavyoa again expectes the V Waterloo reading folio wed closely by charle City and Dubuque with24 The thermometer dipped to 2 below at Fort Dodge in north cen tral Iowa Other readings included Siou City 22 Des Moines 19 and Keo kuk 16 Trace of Snow The only precipitation was trace of snow at Des Moines The official temperature low at Humboldt in northern Iowa was 25 below Cold weather records for the past Lhree years again were broken at Marshalltown where the official maximum was below and the min mum 23 At 7 a m Thursday the mercury had been below zero con tinuously for nearly 60 hours Many children were absent from schools and coal dealers1 supplies were run ning low Side roads in central Iowa were blocked with snow an rural mail carriers and school bus drivers had difficulty in finishing their routes Five Horses Stuck Five horses from Brandon con signed to a sale at Marshalltown vcre stuck in the snow drifts for wo hours and a half and reached their destination after the sale had closed Burlingtons official minimum was 19 below It was 18 below in Cedar Rapids it a m and the minimum in the night was 24 below Iowa Citys minimum was 23 below and at 7 a m the reading was 21 below Council Bluffs reported n below at 9 a m There was no wind and rail service was back to normal A reading of 18 below for Tuesday vas the lowest there In nine years Trains from the west still xvcre from one to five hours behind at Clinton The unofficial emperature at 8 a m was 21 be low the minimum was 24 below BROTHER OFFIRE CHIEF CAUGHT IN CAVEIN MAY DIE 21 Injured as Landmark Is Destroyed at Cost of OMAHA Feb fl fire nen were killed one was missing nd21 others were injured when a pectacular fire destroyed the four tory Millard hotel historic down own landmark early today during 15 below zero temperature The oss was estimated at Tho dead Captain Edward Schmidt Captain Thomas Shandy Pipemau John G Brandt Fireman Franklin Kane Fireman Ixiuls Morocco Fire Inspector Clarence Ur ban Fireman John Cogan was missing uring the forenoon and Chief ogan no relation expressed belief t 11 a m that he had been killed After seven hours desperate rork the body of Captain Schmidt ad been recovered from the ruins Ie was killed when the buildings car wall collapsed burying him nd at least three others under a hower of bricks and water Burled Under Debris Two more were buried under debris in the basement at 3 a m Senior Captain George Cogan irother of Fire ChleC Patrick IJogan and Fire Inspector Clarencu Urban were trapped after an ex plosion brought the roof down on them as they stood in a first floor barbershop carrying them to the cellar Fireman Walter Boye who had entered the shop yrttli them was rescued MX hbufolater STORM WARNINGS By ASSOCIATED PKESS Winters Icy front advanced to the Atlantic seaboard Thursday ransforming springlike weather in o a frigid blast that brought chills o the territory east of the Appala hians Storm warnings were displayed ilong the Atlantic coast 1ne all the vay from Jacksonville Fla on the outh to Eastport Me on the icrth as the east prepared to re Tiim to 1nffe fi Colnmn n Damage Done in Des Moines Blaze DES MOINES Feb 9 which destroyed his home last night caused damage of between and Merle O Milligan real estate dealer said today The blaze was believed to have been caused by in overheated furnace fire underwriters narrdjwiyescaped death He had beeri building with Urban and left the barbershop a few second before the blast Wouldbe rescuers were unable to reach Urban and little hope was held that ho be rescued alive Chief Cogan led rescuers in an effort to save his brother anJ whisky was passed down to him in hope it might minimize the ef ect of the 15 below zero tempera ture In which firemen were work g Save Chiefs Brother Six hours later rescue crows in rescuingCapt George Cogan He was taken to a hos pital where his condition was de cribed as serious but doctors said le had a fair chance to recover He was rescued 15 minutes after a priest had crawled into the base ment heard his confession and ad ministered the last rites of the Catholic church as he lay pinioned under a large beam Meanwhile unsuccessful efforts were being made to locate Fireman John Cogan no relation to the other two who was reported missing In jured lost night he returned to duty and at 11 a m Chief Cogan expressed belief he had reentered the building and was killed A checkup this morning also re vealed that Fireman Louis Morocco had entered the tarber shop with the inspection party and had been killed bringing the death toll to six John Cogans death would raise the number of fatalities to seven Suffer Severe Chills The other three almost certainly dead were Captain Thomas Shan dy Pipeman John G Brandt ana Fireman Franklin Kane They were Turn In 1zge n Colnmu Jl IOWA WEATHER Generally fair Thursday night and Friday not quite so cold in extreme east portion LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum i Bctow Minimum in Night 26 Below At 8 A M ig Below Snowfall Trace A now winters cold mark was es tablished Wednesday night The GlobeGazettes minimum was 2 de grees lower than on the previous night and at the ceet sugar factory the minimum was 25 de grees lower than it showed Tuesdav night ;