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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 8, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OF TORY AND ARCHIVES OIJ THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iTtmri youu dated Prttt and Vailed Pre ruU Ctnti m Copy MASON CUT IOWA THURSDAY FEBKUAKY I IMS Tbii Two NO 1M INSIDE WASHINGTON Labor Draft Bill Facet Tough Going in Senate Central FICH Cifill surf Washington Seldom has piece of legislation stirred up a more thorough criss cross of forces for and against it than the May labor draft bill lor men 18 to 45 Opposing the bill which has passed the House but faces rough going in the Senate is such a for midable coalition of groups that under ordinary circumstances it would not have a chance In theranks of the opposition are the railroad brotherhoods the American Federation of Labor the Congress of Industrial Organ izations the National Association of Manufacturers and other em ployer groups together with a sprinkling of farm organizations Meanwhile the Soviet forces driving Nazi armies back on the eastern front are helping the op position by causing members of Congress to wonder whether the bill will be necessary after all The reason the bill still has a chance however is that service men are for it and General Mar shall and Admiral King say they need it The servicemen write let ters to their families and family members write to their reprcsent atives and senators And then there is Marshall Probably no man in America carries the weight with Congress that Marshall does RUSSIANS PIERCE ODER LINE YANKSCAPTURE SCHMIDT NEAR KEY ROER DAM Berlin Reports Yaqks Preparing for Major Offensive Against Rhine Paris than 1000 al lied medium and fighter bombers struck through murky weather Thursday at German positions di rectly in front of Marshal Sir Ber nard L Montgomerys Dutch sal ient aimed around the Siegfried line toward the open plain of Bombers Strike Nazi Positions in Dutch Area REDS HAVE 7 FOOTHOLDS ON BERLIN FRONT American Forces Open Artillery Barrage at Jap Forces in Southern Manila Manila UR American troops killed off the last Japanese re sistance in northern Manila Thursday and loosed a heavy artillery barrage on the surviving enemy forces holed up in the blackened burning southern half of the ital Vanguards of the U S Ulh air borne division were cutting their way slowly into the Japanese rear Washington is looking to Gen Douglas MacArthurs capture of Luzon to provide one of the real ly high spots of the Pacific war In a grand sense an American victory will mean a drastically serious loss of face to the Japa nese and an enormous amount of prestige for the Upited States Aside from the inherent drama in MacArthurs fortuitous message I shall return it will mean a vindication of Americas inten tions toward the Philippines Some quarters see in it double hope for the Chinese and other beleaguered peoples In a more tangible sense the fall of Luzon will give the United States a firstrate harbor at Cavite a forward base for ground operations against the coast of China arid several large air fields lorB29and other aerial attacks against Japanese bases in Indo Chiria and Formosa from the south but the main American forces were stalled temporarily along the north bank of the Pasig river which bisects Manila from east to west Cigaret fiealerVplan out a cigaret rationing scheme on their own run into many snags Chances are according to Wash ington observers that it will not work for the following reasons of metal punches to stamp each customers card when a pack of smokes is purchased Count up the tremendous number of tobacco retailers in the coun try and then figure out where theyll get metal punches The punch idea is a part of the plan But there just aint any punches to be had in great quantities citizens could get a cigaret card from any num ber of dealers This would not create equitable distribution Op ponents of the scheme point out that although each customer is expected to sign his card signify ing he willcarry no more than one he would be violating no law if he picked up 5 6 or 10 rationing is not logi cal in view of the tremendous scope of the problem If it were an easy matter the OPA would have done it long ago OPA how ever says frankly its too big a job for them to tackle and might create more black markets OPA spokesmen will not say forfhrightly that the plan wont work they intimate itll be tough going for the tobacconists But we wish em one OPA official said northwest Germany Supreme headquarters sources and front dispatches revealed many signs that the northern wing of the western front was boiling up Nazi broadcasts dwelt on al lied plans for an imminent offen sive and one forecast au airborne operation on the scale of that against Holland last fall Amid indications of imminent big scale action Lt Gen Court ney H Hodges 1st army captured the Siegfried stronghold of Schmidt and pushed on nearly a mile through easing resistance to the area of the key dam in the Roer rivers flood control system The largest of the dams the 985foot thick Schwammenauel is just over 2 miles from Schmidt A combat team of the 78th division reached the northern bank of its vast reservoir The dam system is capable ot sending an ISrfoot wall of water down the 36 miles of the Roer to Roermond Any troops which had crossed the Roer to the Cologne plain last fall could have been trapped by Germanmade floods within 4 hours Third army soldiers poured through another breach In the nest wall farther south to within a mile and a quarter of Proem The attacks of the American 1st army in the Roer headwaters and the American 3rd army in the Eifel mountains gamed the pro portion of a major offensive The 78th Lightning division drove into the anchor bastion of Schmidt Wednesday night and had virtually cleaned it out by day break Nearby Kommerscheidt was occupied The 310th regiment took the vil lage Another combat force drove along the north banks of the Schwammenauel reservoir backed up by the biggest dam in the sys tem Schmidt is 13 miles inside Germany Pruem a major transit center for German defenses in the cen ter of the Siegfried line ap proached by 3rd army troops from several The nearest column came within sight of the town capturing Obermehlen just to the northwest Lt Gen George S Patton Jr swiftly fortified his new invasion positions on the 24mile front where 4 of his divisions were fighting in the west wall fortifi cations i Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges first army which also has knifed through the double Siegfried line at the headwaters of the Roer moved through squalls down the The approaching coalwage ne gotiations are weighing heavily on the minds of many government officials including Fuel Boss Ickes War Labor Board Chair American hopes for a quick thrust across the river to wipe out the surviving enemy were dashed Tuesday night when a party of Japanese sappers blew up the last of the 4 Pasig bridges Jones span leading into the old walled city Their foray nullified the work of a daring American naval offi cer who a few hours earlier had dashed through a hail of gunfire to remove a spluttering demoli tion charge from the bridge Cut off from all supply and re inforcement the Japanese still were fighting back defiantly in the southern half of the city battling desperately to hold the llth airborne division and hurl ing artillery and mortar fire across the Pasig river into north ern Manila Some of the enemy shells were landing in the Santo Tomas uni versity grounds where thou sands of liberated American in ternees were quartered At the same time Japanese de molition EQuads were roving wan tonly through the southern city dynamiting and burning homes and waterfront installations even in the walled city Most of the fires set bythe ene the northern section were brought under control can 37th infantry ana 1st cavalry division in their streetlostreet cleanup of that half of the capital QuezonCity justeast of Manila proper also was cleared of its last suicidal Japanese defenders The 37th and 1st cavalry was massed all along the north bank of the Pasig but the wide and swiftflowing river was under heavy enemy fire and it was be lieved likely that the Japanese would be able to hold out until the llth airborne breaks into their main positions from the rear Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique indicated that the llth airborne still was some distance from the river bank Tuesday and elements of the llth still were meeting stiff resistance from by passed Japanese troops around Nichols field 4 miles south of the city limits Far to the north other Ameri can forces were making good pro gress into the hills northeast and east of thenLingayen gnlf beach heads Units of the 32nd division cut Debate Tax Exemption for Veterans Des Molnes JP A morning long bitter debate developed in the lowa senate Thursday over a bill supported by the American Legion to increase the property tax exemption for veterans of the last World war from the present to 51000 and to extend the exemptionto veterans of the present conflict An amendment by Senator Fred Cromwell R Burlington to strike the figure touched off the argument and the chamber recessed for lunch without voting on it Its not good policy to provoke the wrath of the American Le gion Cromwell declared but if we increase world veter ans to the assembly 20 years from now will have to in crease the present veterans that much The bill provides for reimburse ment to the counties by the state for any loss of revenue resulting from granting the exemptions The reimbursement would be provided from any excess in the homestead credit fund after all homestead credits have been al lowed Senator George Faul R Des theauthors of the bill said thetotal of all property tax exemptions to veterans last year was including ex emptions claimed by 55956 world war one veterans 2362 Spanish American veterans and widows and 827 Civil war veterans and widows The exemptions for Civil war veterans is based on of property and that of Spanish American veterans on worth Faul said past experience would indicate that about half of the 300000 lowans in this war might claim the exemption in 25 years He conceded however that be cause of the liberal housing pro visions of the GI bill present service members might claim the exemption with in 10 years These exemptions will amount tor only a drop in the bucket and probably involve only about 28 000000 when there are 000000 exempted by law now Faul said Government educa tional and religious properties are exempted from tax rrian Davis Byrnes and War Mobilizer John L Lewis has not yet re vealed the wage demands of his United Mine Workers and official Washington is apprehensive of an other long bitter fight such as oc curred in 1943 to the accompani ment of a series of paralyzing coal strikes There are some observers in the capital who believe Byrnes brownout order was aimed at Lewis A sort of psychological at tempt to emphasize a serious coal shortage and build up public opin ion against any work stoppage hy the miners The workorbejailed legisla tion also is viewed as another weapon which could be used to smash any mine disturbance growing out of the wage battle Report Roosevelt Will Visit Britain in Summer London London Daily Mail said Thursday that President Roosevelt has accepted provision ally an invitation to visit Britain next summer His acceptance followed Prime Minister Churchills recent re newal of King Georges standing invitation the Daily Mail said last 2 miles to the German held dams controlling nearly 200000 000 cubic yards of water which could flood out the American 9th and British 2nd armies along the Hoer to the north TheFrench first army with 4 American divisionsreduced the crossRhine pocket below Stras bourg to less than 35 square miles alone the river and east of the RhineRhone canal Soldiers moved 7 miles south of Neuf Brisach Organized resistance was broken in the Vosges west of Col mar stragglers were being round ed up and caged Overnight British heavy bomb ers in great strength attacked en emy troops and equipment at Kleve and Goch where the Sieg fried line peters out in the Reichs wald forest Pattons army was pressing upon Pruem from many direc tions and indeed had outflanked the road and rail center of 2500 Due north of Pruem a force which took Waschief after crossing the Schnee Eifel range sent patrols into the Pruem forest 2 miles from the town The 90th division ad vanced a half mile to a point just less than 7 miles southwest The 90th took Hollnich and cleared many Siegfried pillboxes The Germans put in 4 counter attacks in company strength with tanks in the Pruem area All were beaten off Front dispatches reported no deepening of the 10 new penetra tion areas of Germany opposite Luxembourg but the troops across the flooded Sure and Our rivers fanned out and widened their the Balete Pass road leading into the Cagayan valley closing the main escape routefor sizable Japanese forces holding out in the LupaoMunozRizal triangle 17 to 30 miles farther south The communique revealed that he Japanese have lost 48000 killed wounded or captured since the landing at Lingayen on Jan 9 against American casualties of 7067 Meanwhile the softeningup bombardment of the forts guard ing the entrance to Manila bay was stepped up with a 204ton air raid on Corregidor and a smaller attack on nearby Caballo island where a force of attack bombers knocked out one of the Fort Mills batteries WHITE CROSS MARKS AMERICAN CEMETERY AT CAMP white cross marks the ceme tery where American prisoners were buried at Camp ODbnnell destination of Americans and Filipinos who made the march of death on Luzon after the fall of Bataan and Corregidor AP wirephoto Big Three Plans Will Open New Period in Foreign Policy Washington Three plans for joint political action in Eu rope are expected here within the week Calling for active American participation in European settlements they will mark the beginning of a new period in United States for eign policy The plans are being worked out by President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin at an historic conference now believed to be at least half finished somewhere in the Black Sea area Dr Wassell Promoted to Rank of Captain Los Angeles Croydon M Wassell who received the navy cross and apresidential commen dation for leading wounded sol diers to safety after the collapse of the Java defense in the early days of the war has been pro moted to the rank of captain Dr Wassell now attached to the west coast naval public rela tions office received his promo tion in ceremonies at his head quarters Wednesday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy EXHIBIT A Spokane Wash men arrested for drunkenness and a case of beer seized as evidence were loaded into a jailbound pa trol wagon But police had to stop en route The prisoners were drinking the evidence lodgments on the east banks The 80th Blue Ridge division took Wallendorf on the border at the confluence of the 2 rivers Farther north the 17th airborne division took Dasbourg in a half mile gain Enemy resistance along the Sure and Our remained sturdy Two more counterattacks were repulsed in the area of the deepest penetration a half mile north of old Echternach Schmidt had been seized by the first army during the costly Huertgen forest battle last Novem ber but the Germans rewon the town In recapturing the village Hodges armor and infantry storm ed through one of the strongest links of the Siegfried line Schmidt is the graveyard of many an American Just after the Aachen breakthrough last fall 2 regiments perhaps 6000 men were almost annihilated when they tried to batter their way past the high ground of the big dam last fall Robert Eunson of the AP re ported from the front Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness and warmer Thursday night and Friday lowest Thurs day night about 20 fresh winds Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday nighrand Friday Warmer Fri day in west and central portions Thursday nightvfresh winds Minnesota Cloudy with occasional light snow northeast and partly cloudy remained of state Thurs day and Friday Rising temper atures Fresh to strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 22 Minimum Wednesday 5 below At 8 a m Thursday 3 below Snow 02 inches YEAR Maximum 31 Minimum 20 Precipitation trace Presumably the meeting is on Russian soil possibly in the Cri mea in order to allow Stalin to continue his close supervision the red army invasion of Germany A joint announcement late Wednesday evidently direct from the conference was released in London and Moscow as well as at the white house This finally put the open secret on the meeting BULLETIN Moscow big three are meeting on Russian soil press and radio announced Thursday The news was a prime topic of conversation in Moscow but the official announcement came ton ate for comment by the morning press officially oil the record and con firmed the fact that political problems of Europe are a prime concern of the meeting Actually the discussions have fallen into 2 parts the military and diplomatic developing along ihese lines 1 The military talks led off the meeting and resulted in complete agreement for joint Anglo SovietAmerican army operations in the final phase of the war against nazi Germany The large military staffs which accompanist the 3 leaders to the Black Sea are now working out detailed plans 1 As soon as the talk of fight ing was completed Roosevelt Stalin and Churchill took up problems involved in establish ing a secure peace Under thesi they listed plans for the occupa tion and control of liberated Eu rope and proposals for the earlies possible establishment of a worli organization to maintain peace The linking all these prpb lems was interpreted by official here as showing a belief of th leaders that the effective contro of Germany and the fair settle ment of Europes many bitter an centuriesold problems so far a they can be settled fairly ar equally important with interna tional organization if peace is t be secured The frank listing of politica and economic problems as bein on the agenda meant that Presi dent Roosevelt had at last com o grips with some of the tonghes issues growing out the Enropea war These are issues of Russian an British security power of com lunistic minorities in liberated ountries of Anglosoviet con ict in the eastern Mediterranean nd of American hopes to see At antic charter principles applied the freedomstarved peoples of he continent To diplomatic officials who have een watching political conflict evelop in Europe as the war nds and who have seen this ountrys futile efforts to obtain ettlements by statement there as no doubt that the end of an ra had been reached They fore ee a new period ot more active iplomacy aimed at eventual par icipation in world organization lacked by force It was considered apparent that lie troubles of many troubled countries would come up for dis usslon notably Yugoslavia Fo and Italy and Greece Speculation as to means of landling some of these explosive ituations has centered chiefly on machinery for bringing the lead Asks Action on May Bill Immediately Washington produc tion Chief J A Krug Thursday called for immediate enactment of workorelse legislation with the declaration that each week of de lay means more and more war production will be lost for lack of sufficient workers Krug told the senate military affairs committee that the volun tary system of labor recruitment workers did well when the labor supply was plentiful but began to faltenlate in 1944 Today he said the voluntary system is not manning the war plants either quickly enough or with sufficiently competent work ers Previously 2 leading members of the committee predicted ultimate committee approval of the bill The measure would make men 18 to 45 subject to draft for war work as well as service in the armed forces Chairman Elbert D Thomas D Utah told reporters he expects favorable committee action but not before the end of next Sen Warren R Austin R Vt ranking republican member also expected approval although he declined to set any deadline on when it might come Neither ruled out the possibility of some amendments to the house approved measure Both expected however that it wouid retain the basic provision of making all males from 18 through 45 subject to draft for essential civilian jobs IMeanwhile the committee en tered the 3rdday of socalled limited executive hearings to hear War Production Chief J A Krug Selective Service Director Lewis B Hershey and President Irs Mosher of the National Asso ciation of Manufacturers Thomas summarizing the first 2 days of testimony during which the committee heard army and navy officials and War Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt told reporters that although the present voluntary system of man power recruitment has been suc cessful there still are 2 major rea sons why the legislation is needed The first is the question of morale of front line he said the 2nd is the uncertainty Moscow Radio Says Capital in Panic Refugees Leaving City London Moscow ra dio said Thursday the Oder line has been pierced and Berlin in Panic is witnessing the crumbling of the last obstacle in its fore field A prior broadcast by au Ameri can chain commentator said Mar shal Stalins capital was hourly expecting an official announce ment that the first White Russian army had smashed across the riv er in force signifying the cozri plete breakdown of the Oder line Berlin accounts said the Rus of the future1 If we knew what the war in the Pacific and the war in Europe is going to bring we would not be disturbed he added But I am supporting this legislation because of the uncertainty and a feeling that only this extra effort will enable us to meet the demands which may arise Thomas said after McNutts testimony late Wednesday that the manpower situation in the nation as a whole on Jan 1 was the best it has ever been sians had hammered out 7 bridge heads on the Berlin front one of them 30 miles northeast of Ihe capital and a dozen others along 185 miles of the river from Rati bor in Silesia to Gruenberg 50 miles southeast of Frankfurt The Moscow radio said Helnrich Himmler had massed SS troops In the capital Roads south and west of Berlin were reported jammed with the traffic of refugees in flight While Marshal Stalin had not confirmed the breaking of the Oder line on the Berlin front sov iet advices said Marshal Gregory Zhukovsmassed artillery was pounding atthe weakest link ol the capitals defense the low western bank of the Oder between Kuestrin and Stettin where it runs northeast of Berlin Officially Moscow blacked out the progress of the fierce battle on the west side of the stream and told only of the liquidation of ad ditional German pockets on the east side of the river But Moscow Kuestrin 40 mileseast Bertta and one of the chief fortified areas guarding the capital was about to fall with soviet tommy gunners fighting in Ihe streets un der cover from artillery batteries stationed only 2 miles from the northern outskirts The soviet communique telling of 5000 more nazis killed in a single day on the central Oder front said the battle had rrioved into the fortified forefield ot Berlin German military commentators said Kuestrin was under concen tric attack by strong Russian for mations The Russian communique an nouncing victories northwest Kuestrin where the low western bank of the Oder offers the least obstacle to the storming of Ger manys last natural defense line in the east said AltD r e w i t z northern suburb of Kuestrin had The voluntary method has not been in any sense a failure and in a statistical comparison with Great Britain which has had total na tional service for nearly 5 years we measure up very well he said been captured Broadening his n o r t hwing threat to Berlin along the Oder Zhukov seized Zaekerik 21 miles northwest of Kuestrin on the east bank and only 5 miles from where the river bends n o rt h toward he lead rr r in I ng allied powers together in Ire uent or constant consultations This applies also to plans for the ontrol of Germany The follow ng probabilities are foreseen in Vashington 1 A decision to follow up the period of military occupation of already agreed upon vith a prolonged period of joint civil control In this some polic ng by allied armies would be continued to make sure that Ger many did not again build a great armament industry 2 Expansion of the authority of the European advisory commis sion to deal with broader inter allied problems than simply the questions of German occupation plans 3 Agreement of periodic con ferences of allied foreign minis ters with the creation of a secre tariat which might have the duty of anticipating difficulties among the allies and forestalling them 4 A system advisory com missions functioning in liberated territories where the authority of a government is challenged until such time as elections can be held 5 Agreement on the need for alleviating human suffering throughout the liberated areas as rapidly as possible and agreement on industrial conditions of the countries so that economies may once more function effectively AUTHOR DIVORCED Reno Nev UR Carl Van Doren noted editor and author Thursday had a divorce from his second wife Jean Wright Van Doren who was granted the de cree in district court here on charges of cruelty The couple was married in San Francisco in 1939 REDS CROSSING hourly reports indicated increasing panic in the German capital Berlin claimed that Russian forces had surged across the Oder in several places to establish bridgeheads Newest crossing reported Wednesday was south of Kuestrin ;