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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A NO AR DES MO IKE 3 i COW HOME EDITION MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 8 JffiiiKUAKY 8 1943 THIS PAPER CONSSTS or TWO ONE NO 104 ALLIES PUSH NONSTOP AERIAL WAR Billto 2 REPUBLICANS INTRODUCEWAR SERVICE PLANS Sweeping Power Over Manpower Provided for in Proposed Measure WASHINGTON IP A national war service act granting President Roosevelt sweeping power to utilize the nations man power and womanpower in any job deemed necessary to achieve victory was introduced in con gress Monday by two republicans The measure which would make millions of Americans eligible for a call to diity on as sembly lines of tanks and planes and in the fields to sow and reap the countrys crops was sub mitted by Representative Wads worth RX Y and Senator Austin RVt The purpose as set forth in the measures to pro vide further for the comprehen sive orderly and effective mo bilization of themanpower and womanpower in support of the war effort Behind its introduction stood mounting complaints from agri cultural areas that farm labor is flocking to betterpaid jobs in war industry and from war in dustries that the demand for skilled labor is resulting in pi arid inflationproducing bids for able workers national war service act would affect every person now registered under the selective service act except those serving jn the armed forces and would require registration of all women between the ages of 18 and 50 Exempted however would be with children under 18 and expectant mothers Under its terms the president would be authorized whenever he determined that additional workers are needed inany war industry in agriculture or in other occupations activities or employments essential to the effective prosecution of the to issue call for volun teers If sufficient volunteers to meet the need failed to respond the chief executive then would be empowered to direct the selective service boards to supply them from those who are liable un der terms of the act While the selective service ma chinery would be used to admin ister the act it providedthat due regard must be takento assign ing men or women in or near their home communities against sending them to places lacking housing accommoda tions and to giving them jobs in line with their aptitude Offered GUADALCANAL GUNNERThis U S machine gunner V P for Japs Guadalcanal as he sits beside his gun in a foxhole To get some relief from the heat he stripped to the waist Hes well supplied with ammunition and could hold out for a long time Close In Near Headquarters of Japanese on Guadalcanal Flanking Move in 40 Unlike the men called to duty in the armed forces those selected under tbe national service act would receive the compensation and working hours applicable to the kind of work which he or she is required to perform in the place of employment to which he or she is assigned The act offered statutory pro nehts and entitled persons called to ser vice under its provision to re turn to their present position in private or public employment provided that the employers cir cumstances have not chanecd to make such restoration impos sible or unreasonable Wsdsworth wrote the original selective service act and drafted later changes to provide for ser vice in the armed forces of the teen age men Austin and Wadsworlh said the 38 0 findVikVS Im rf rmdustry enter the aimed forces was indirect pres sure and coercion and the use of a club never intended by con gress when it passed the selec tive service act This bill Austin told j conference held jointly would provide press with that ary system Continue in Qverland Thrust Disclosed in Dispatch By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A flanking move apparently carried out fay a 50 to 50 mile overland thrust has put United States troops into a strong strik ing position on the northwest coast of Guadalcanal just five miles from the enemys head quarters on Cape Esperance y y The new move closing in around the Japanese position on the cane was announced Sun day in a navy communique which threw no further liffht on the widescale sea and air bat tles reported shaping up last week in the Solomons area where Navy Secretary Knox said operations were nearing a climax Thre was no indication that the Japanese resisted the sudden American thrust to the new posi tion at Titi on the west of the Cape Esperance positions which already were under attack from the southeast ALLIED POSITIONS MENACE SALAMAUA Meanwhile Genera MacAr thurs Australian and American forces pressed home their airwon advantage in the Wan area of New Guinea as they moved swift ly into positions menacing Sala maua the next of the invaders bases up the northeast coast of the big island north of Australia An allied communique said 3U more Japanese were killed in skirmishes developing in the Wan area some 35 miles southwest of Salnmaua The allied positions there were safeguarded by strong aerial cover which won one of the clearest cut victories of the war in the air from Japancsc Saturday Of some 70 planes which the Japanese hurled into the attack at that time 41 were destroyed badly by American which came off STILL MISSING Navy Plane Crashes in Lake Near New Orleans ORLEANS J G Andrew P Boeder Rock well Iowa still was missing Mon day after the navy plane he was piloting crashed into Lake Pont charlrain here late Saturday on a routine crosscountry training trip Two others of the 15 crew mem bers also are missing A board of investigation from the Pcnsacola naval base was investigating the accident Lieutenant Boeder is the son of Mr and Mrs Edward Roeder of Rockwell Twelve in the plane had been rescued from the lake near New Orleans LT ANDREW P ROEDER missinp FoUowmg up their advantage alhed airmen bombed and strafed enemy positions in Dutch New guinea the Celebes and Cape Gloucester The Japanese after heir severe setback Salurdav ivere reported inactive in the air On the Burma front too Americanmade warplanes dealt heavy blows to the enemy Fourmolored liberator bomb ers manned by the RAF dropped nearly 30 tons of explosively Sunday night leaving in ames lowan Trapped on 3rd Floor by Fire Dies DUBUQUE Day 46 perished Sunday when flames trapped him in his third floor apartment His wife and two sons H tnto the selective system is the guaran tee of vitality of tota sources Expressing impatience over the failure of the fvih own with piecemeal administration to we bill and attempts to distribute human resources under jaw Wadsworth said he sought administration support for the legislation which would equalize use of all our strength a 1 our manpower on the home front as well as on the front lines It will mean a shortened war and a saving of human lives he declared Shoe Sales to Be Reopened Tuesday Under Ration Plan President of Shoe Retailers Says Program One of the Fairest By IRVING PERLMETER WASHINGTON was il legal io sell shoes Monday and Tuesday rationing will start at the rate of three pairs a year for each person Without any advance warning shoe rationing was ordered from the white house by Economic Stabilization Director James F Byrnes Sunday afternoon Almost immediately crowds stormed shoe counters in stores operating on Sundays in such widely scattered cities as Nexv lork Kansas City Detroit and Columbus Ohio Crowded stores in New Orleans and Detroit were raided by police after the order was issued Only house slippers infants softsoled shoes and stormtype rubberwear were exempted from the rationing program Policemen walking beats and other special cases will receive extra rations As for children who sometimes run through shoes at a dizzy pace Byrnes said if daddy or mother have some unused shoe coupons they can use them for the kids Also there will be no limit on re pairing or resoling shoes Manufacture of womens eve ning slippers spiked shoesmens patent leather shoes and other less essential shoes is forbid den The shoe problem resulted from a limited supply of leathj ei much of which mast cornel over submarineinfested routes from foreign countries A lot ot leather is homegrown but the armed services are taking about a third of all soleleather IOWA SHOE ADMINISTRA T Cownie of DCS Moines above will be the shoe ratio nine administrator for Iowa Edward F Steecii re gional OPA rationing executive announced Monday in Chicago Cownie formerly was a dis trict governor of Rotary and was elected at a convention held in Mason City in May 1941 RUTLEDGE WINS CONFIRMATION roved DetpTte Plea by Senator Langer WASHINGTON sen ate confirmed Monday President Hooscvelts nomination of Wilev Blount Rutlcdge of Iowa to be an Harold W Volk of Dallas Tex associate justice of the supreme1 of thp Nntinrnl court succeeding James F Byrnes now economic stabiliza lion director The action by voice vote pro moted the 48 year old nominee from the court of appeals for the District of Columbia Senator Langer i N Dak urged rejection of the nomination Hutlodec lacked Boy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy TO THE WOMEN Read the U S Armys Message How Woman Can Speed Your Countrys Victory on Pcge 2 president of the National Shoe Retailers association described the rationing order as one of the fairest that could have been pre pared to meet the circumstances In a statement which he said was issued at the request of the government Volk said at New York Close study of shoe production and sales figures by government agencies working with industiy representatives made it clear that unless action were taken now the gap between supply and demand would spread so wide that store shelves would soon be depleted of footwear and equitable distribu tion of this vital necessity would not be possible Prentiss MBrown OPA ad ministrator said the rules will be as liberal as theration The coupons wilf be taken from the sugarcolfee ration books al ready in everybodys hands Xo 17 stamp will be good for one pair of shoes until June 15 At least for the present there will be no registration no question naires no wailing in line If you buy a pair of shoes am don t like them you can not only return lhe shoes to the merchant its his usual business prac tice to take them also get your coupon back No other ration coupons can be returned in this manner Stores for the present will just hold the coupons until officials set up a system of transferring hem to wholesalers or manufac turers in exchange for more shoes Meanwhile stores may or der in their usual manner Stores may stock and sell any ypes of shoes they desire TiK imitations on less essential ypes will apply only to future manufacturing Byrnes also announced that manufacturers will be required to continue to make adequate amounts of their more economi cal types of shoes and will not be permitted to shift to more expensive types Gold and sil ver and all twotone shoes are out colors being limited to white black town brown and army russet Womens heels are limited to REDS ASSAULT ROSTOV CRACK OTHER FRONTS Last of Axis Caucasus Army Caught in Trap Opposite Strait of Kerch By JAMES M LONG Associated Press War Editor The fourth battle of Rostov was under way Monday with German positions in the city under shell fire and assault while elsewhere along tlie 500 mile front the red army reported cracking the nazi 1942 line southeast of Kharkov and on both sides of Kursk The Russians still were put tine the tactics of penetration and encirclement to deadly use against the nazis who regarded themselves as masters at this type of ivar The last of the axis army ot the Caucasus was caught in a trap op posite Ihc Strait of Kerch and the only escape appeared to be a cost ly withdrawal by sea to the Cri mea The Russian thrust to Azov 15 practical experience as a lawyer er Senator OMahoney D Wyo pointed out that the judiciary committee had approved the nom ination by an 1 to 0 vote and said he thought Rutledge had demonstrated judicial capacity in a marked degree Bridges Loses Effort to Avoid Deportation SACRAMENTO Cal Fed ral Judge Martin Welsh Monday e denied an application by Harry Bridges CfO longshoremens pres dent for a writ of habeas corpus forestall deportation to Au to not more than inches and extra thick c soles some women for bidden Heavy duty leather is re served for work shoes The shoe industry was asked also to develop a war shoe to combine leather saving comfort and low price and also a special type of shoe containing little or no leather that could be sold without ration coupons Persons who have special rea son for needing extra rations were told to apply to their local ration boards for supplementary certificates stralia Bridges had applied for the writ on the grounds that U S Atty Gen Francis Bidctle acted illegally last year when he or dered the labor leader deported miles southwest of Rostov put the red army in position for a broad frontal attack Rostov was captur ed by the Germans Nov 22 1S41 but the Russians stormed back across the Don a week later and the red flag flew again over the port The Germans captured the city a second time last July in the summer offensive whose gains the Russians Kavb largely liquidated s t x A Russian midday communi que announced a new break through German positions in the Kramatorskaya sector and said fightinr was under way for a large populated place The Rus sian capture of Kramatorskaya reported in an earlier special war bulletin cut the rail line be tween the bis base at Kharkov and Rostov and left Rostov wide ly flanked to the north The Russians also announced the capture of Savitsi 55 miles southeast of Kharkov Gostes chcvo cutting the rail line be tween Kursk and Belgorod and Fatezh northwest of Kursk on the rail line to Orel In the Filezh sector the Rus sians said several more populated places were recaptured and more ground was regained as the offeu sive continued INTENSE PATROL ACTIVITY REPORTED Intensive patrol activity which some observers believed to be the forerunner of the British eighth armys next major attack was re ported along the Tripolitanian lumsian border Along the coast the British said Ihcy were in contact with the en emy west of Pisida which is only 12 miles from the Tunisian fron tier while inland enemy armored cars were engaged and dispersed Hoover We Need Million More Workers WASHINGTON if Herbert Hoover asserted Monday thai ihc nation must have one million more workers some from the armed forces to eliminate acute short age points in farm metal and oil industries Remarking that the armed forces intend to have more than 11000000 members by the end of 1943 the former president told a press conference If we attempt too much on the military side we may com mit the fatal error of over strain on the home front and thus damage our effectiveness in ultimate victory There is a limit to our capaci ties and resources great as they are And in our planning we must at least prepare for a Ion war Including the defeat of Japan i we must envisage at least three i more years of war nml a prudent i nation would possibly envisage i five years Hoover conferred for nearly two hours behind closed doors with a senate appropriations subcommit tee investigating manpower facil ities The size of he army must be least for the immediate period of 1943 be told reporters later He termed the fields of oil and agriculture the metal acute shortage points in national pro duction We must be prepared enough manpower to mcgt for the crisis when peace comes he said And now is the time to prepare for that crisis HEAVY ATTACK ON LORIENT SUB BASE REPORTED Italian Mainland Sicily Sardinia Are Also Bombed LONDON UR Allied air forces wiib the Americans attack ing by day and the British bomb ing by night pressed their non stop offensive against axis ob jectives Monday in a great arc ranging from the Germanheld coast of France to the Italian mainland Sicily and Sardinia Royal air force bombers car ried out the heaviest raid ever made on the French coast li bpat base at Lorient Sunday icht An air ministry com munique said great destruction was inflicted Observers a creed the campaign against undersea raiders had been stepped up tn its highest level so far with Sunday nights Lorient raid American consolidated B24 liberators based in the middle east struck in daylight Sunday at the Italian port of Naples where di rect hits were scored on at least three vessels in Hie harbor Boeing B17 flying fortresses uiul Martin B26 marauders in the first American air action against the Italian island of Sar dinia attacked the important air drome and seaplane base at Cag liari in two daylight raids Sun British Wellington bombers fol lowed up several hours later with less it has a lamer mannnwocr a larger manpower sup we are going to produce more in 1943 than in 104 we certainly than las 104 ilv cmt Io it with less labor ist year NAZI CHIEF IN HOLLAND KILLED Seyffardt Was Head of Dutch Legion Battering the axis from cen tral Europe to the central Medi terranean British planes imnmled Germanys industrial Kiihr affain and middle east al lied aircraft raided Sieily once more W British southeast coast watch ers saw squadrons of spitfires ciossins the English c h a n n c 1 again Monday They flew in Hie direction of Boulogne and ob servers reported hey appeared to be heading for targets south of there The sustained offensive at both Cllcls f tlie was believed to Rion had been shot and killed llie Netherlands news agency said that General Scyffardl was ap pointed only last week to the per sona cabinet of Anton A Mussert chief of the Dutch nazi party and Hitlernamed fuehrer of the Netherlands people and assigned to mobolize armed forces to join axis armies on the soviet front Few details were available con cerning the Lorient raid the ele venth the Uboat base has suf fered this year C Bellows Mason City Gets Medal for Gallantry Cited for Taking Part in Over 25 Flights of Hostile Contacts Second Lt Doiino C Bellows son of Mrs Bessc A Bellows 643 Fourth street northeast and a member of Gen Douglas Mac Ar thurs air force has been awarded the air medal for gallantry in ac tion and meritorious achievement by Lt Gen George C Kenney commander or the allied air forces Jn the southwest Pacific Lieutenant Bellows and two other airmen were cited for par ticipation in more than 25 opera tional flight missions during which hostile contact was probable and expected including patrol and es cort flights end intercepting mis sions against enemy bombers and fighters A graduate of the local schools of Mason City Lieutenant Bellows attended Mason City high school and Mason City junior college where he was a member of two state championship football teams winning his letters in that sport as well as track While in junior col lege he took the civilian pilot training course Later he was graduated from the air force advanced flying school at Stockton Field Cal where he was given his silver Radio Berlin siiid British planes had made n nuisance raid which caused insignificant dam age An American Middle East com munique disclosed that two waves of liberators attacked Naples six Buy War Savings Bonds ami i minutes apart Throe merchant Stamps from your GlobeGazette I vcsscs were hil and other bombs carrier boy fell on the Vittorio Emanucl Mas sanicllo mid Bamsoma moles and on the Toro Di Massa and Aosta quays Great fires the length of the harbor area sent a pall of heavy black smoke hich above Naples harbor the communique said Heavy antiaircraft fire and a iarsc formation of enemy fight ers were encountered directly over the target area hut they failed to interfere with the bombing operations At least two German Mcsser schmiltlOns were destroyed and one American plane was shot wings and wos placed in active duty with the army air forces He took his primary and basic train ing at VisaliaDinuba School of Aeronautics Visalia and Merced Field Merced Cal Before entering aviation Lieu tenant Bellows was employed by the International Harvester com pany Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Monday afternoon colder Monday night Lowest temperature Monday night IB Light snow late Mon day night Much colder Tues day forenoon IOWA Slightly warmer north cast and north central portions and colder southwest and ex treme west portions Monday night Colder entire state Tues day forenoon Light snow north and west portions Monday and down east and central portions Tucs Despite Die day forenoon Moderately strong winds Tuesday forenoon MINNESOTA Light snow ex treme north portion Monday afternoon spreading over west and north portions Monday night and entire slate by Tues day forenoon and becoming oc casionally moderate south por tion Tuesday forenoon not much change in temperature Monday night except becoming much colder northwest and west central portions late Monday mght and entire state Tuesday forenoon moderately strong winds Tuesday forenoon and west portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday 32 10 19 18 3 15 waves of allied bombers shuttling back and forth on 500mile return trips from North African oases to Sardinia not n single allied plane was lost in Sundays raids in that theater Crews returning from all three raids reported considerable suc cess Five German Messerschmitt were shot down by the American daylight raiders who concentrated the weight of their attack against Elmas airdrome at Cagliari where enemy aircraft were dispcrseci Big fires were started at the sea plane base where docks and han gars were hit The British raid on Sardinia brought the first announcement lhe RAFS fourmotored wimp Wellingtons were operat ing in strength from North Africa POLK 71 DIES NEW YORK MiFrank Lyon Polk 71 acting secretary of state during the Wilson administration ana head of the American delega tion to the Paris peace confer ence when Wilson returned home died Sunday He was born in New York City ;