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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 8, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAH LOU E R Hisr MEM A AR r OEPT OF ICrfA COMP s i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEtGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNWED PRESS TOLL FJVB CENTS A COP5 WIRES MASON CITY THI IRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 81940 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION SOVIET BROKE SOME PLEDGESHULL German Relations Not Ideal By CHARLES P STEWART Centra Press Columnist Stories being current of the presence of more belligerent Eu ropean w a r c r a f t particularly Uboats in the P a n Americas At lantic neutral ity zone the W ashing ton state depart ment hinted to the southern re publics that Uncle Sam would appreci ate an expres sion of their willingness to atford the fa Duncan Aikman cilities their ports to Yankee fighting ships as signed to the job of policing the zone against these overseas ves sels Replies from the Latin countries have been uniformly acquiescent In a case or two outright invita tions have been extended to Undo Samuel to make himselE at home in the Latin new worlds waters This is a rare testimonial lo the success of Rooseveltian good aeighbor policies I lived in the Argentine republic when the United States entered the last World war President Wilson wanted to give an appear ance to PanAmerican solidarity to our declaration Accordingly he dispatched to the Central In sular and South American coun tries a cruiser squadron undei Admiral William B Caperton at the same time indicating to their various governments that he ex pected Capertons fleet to visit them x This was all right say as to Brazil which nominally no actua fighting was at war with Ger many But Argentina preferrec to stay neutral Consequently President Irigoyen saici his nation couldnt entertain such company beyond the recognized 24h o u i limit U S Defied Neutrality For he United States to have agreed to such an arrangemen would have implied that Pan American solidarity wasnt so solid Therefore doubtless undci orders from home Caperton pu into Buenos Aires and stayed for two weeks in defiance Argen tine neutrality Argentina couldn do anything about it It was no strong enough But WAS Argen tina sore What country wouldn have been Presidents Attitudes While our squadron was then its bluejackets couldnt even hi granted shore leave lest they be mobbed and create an interna tional incident Its notoriou that the Argentine Republic ha liked us least of the Latin Amen cas since then 1 dont contend that Wilson was the most undiplomatic of our presidents in his dealings with Latin America Several of his predecessors were just as bad or worse Presidents Harding and Cool idge were no improvement President Hoovers attitude was Hoover was as truly PanA merican as President Roosevelt has boon Hoovers weakness was that he wasnt as Will Watch U SCanadian Border for Spies Saboteurs ASWf MflTfYM i i i WASHINGTON a n a d a and the United States have started a joint effort to clear the eastern CanadianAmerican border for patrolling to prevent entrance of spies and saboteurs into the war stroyed the boundary vista Re portshave come from United ring dominion Officials here States and Canadian customs and immigration officials that the bor In some that storms and hurricanes in the places trees are piled 10 or 12 feet high The state department has been informed that Canada is express ing concern over the state of the frontier on the ground that vio ations of the boundary by spies nd saboteurs should be carefully guarded against At this time Canada pointed out the dominion manufacturing large quantities f war supplies for the united kingdom particularly airplanes It was feared that saboteurs might be able to collect explosives n the United States transport hem across the frontier at the blind spots and plant them in Canadian factories ports and rail roads he scene near Pembina N Dak as an Americanmade Ixmiber was towed across the er by horses Because of provisions of the U S neutrality law the planes are flown to a point near the border Jowed across to Canada and then flown to a seaport The planes are destined for Great Britain American plane factories are working at capacity to fill war orders sociably spoken as Roosevelt has been President He didnt speak in the My Friends tone ot voice that F D R has used so ef fectively Lalin America loves that My Friends1 stuff AllAmerican Front Duncan Aikman issued a book lately called The AllAmerican Front Aikman doesnt know as much on any single spot in Latin Amer ica as I know about the single spot that I happened to live h e Argentine Republic But he knows the whole the Rio Grande to Cape Horn He aver ages them His dope is that weve GOT to get acquainted But it will be a hard task he surmises Oh he concedes that the current administration has made progress But will we keep it up he ques tions Continuing says Expert Aik man A concert of friendly na tions can be built up in the west ern hemisphere only by reconcil ing the incompatibilities of races different in values in customs at ways of looking at life by every factor of economic circumstance and of historic inheritance ALL OF IOWA REPORTS SNOW Some Areas Get 4 Inches Cold Wave Predicted for State DES MOINES by 20 mile per hour winds from the northeast a heavy snowstorm was reported in parts Iowa Thurs day The storm carrying through from Wednesday night in some areas continued without a pause and the state highway patrol warned that all roads were cov ered with snow and slippery and hazardous Snowplows were called into service by the state highway commission which reported the fresh blanket ranging up to four inches was drifting badly j More than four inches nf new snow had fallen in some parts of the northwest section of the state At noon in Sioux City the sun was beginning to show through the gray sky indicating the storm there was abating the weather bureau said Southern Iowa points including Keokuk and Mount Ayr reported rain and sleet preceded in the snowfall More than two inches were reported by Council Bluffs Sioux City Dubuque Mason City Algona and Esthcvvillc T h e weather bureau did not help the outlook any by forecast ing a cold wave for the northern and east central portions of the stale Thursday night A heavy snow was falling in central Iowa Thursday morning The Council Bluffs patrol district reported two inches of new snow on he ground Temperatures ranged from IB to 31 degrees above zero over the state early Thursday averaging slightly above normal A freezing drizzle was falling nt Keokuk Iowa Wednesdays high was 33 at Keokuk while Wednesday nights law was 16 at Mason City It was 17 at Iowa Falls Turkey Seizes Krupp Shipyards on Golden Horn ISTANBUL ma rines Thursday occupied the Ger man owned Krupp shipyards on the Golden Horn at Istanbul At the same time it was an nounced the Turkish government is dismissing German naval en gineers and technicians who had been equipping Turkish submar ines for the Turkish navy at the seized yards The Golden Horn where the yards are located is nn inlet of the strategic Bosphorus straits which separate Asia minor from Europe Two Hitchhikers Given Longer Ride Than They Wanted LINCOLN Nebr Two Lincoln boys got more than they bargained for when they tried to hitchhike a ride from a suburb into the city proper The driver didnt see them when he slammed the door ot his trans port truck and they were forced to ride to Sidney Iowa his first stop Parents of the boys Leroy Biv ens 14 and Glen Brooks returned them from Iowa COUNT IS ENGAGED BUDAPEST engage ment of Hungarys foreign minis ter Count Istvan Csaky and Countess Maria Chorinsky famous 28yearold beauty was disclosed Thursday TRADE TREATIES ARE APPROVED Committee Votes 1410 Along Party Lines on Reciprocal Program WASHINGTON UR The house ways and means commit tee Thursday approved extension of the reciprocal trade act by a vote of H to 10 along party lines Fourteen democrats voted foi the bill to extend for three years the trade agreements program which is due to expire in June Ten republicans voted against it Representative Wesley Disney D Okia voted present Before approving the extension measure the committee voted down a proposal by Disney to bar any excise tax reductions in fu ture agreements Disneys propos al was supported by the 10 re publicans but opposed by 14 democrats making the vote 1411 against it Disney said he would offer his amendment from the house floor He declined to say whether he would vote for the bill if excise tax adjustments arc not restricted SIGNALS CURFEW HOUR MEADVILLE Pa alarm clock signals the hour for curfew here Firemen have the clock set to sound two minutes before each night so they will be on time with the curfew gong that sends youngsters home to bed BRITISH AID ON WAY TO FINNS Chamberlain Satisfied With Renewal of Pact for Little Entente LONDON Ministe Chamberlain told the house of com mons Thursday that further Brit ish aid for Finland was on th way and that the help given frorr this country has been of real valu to Finland The success of the Finns Cham bejjlain said has evoked the ad miration Ihe world This statement drew loud cheer from the legislators The prime minister voiced sat isfaction over the results of th recent Balkan entente conferenc in Belgrade He asserted the sevenyear re newal of the Balkan entente pac indicates the determination o the governments of those coun tries to do everything in thei power to maintain security i southeastern Europe Of the RussianFinnish conflic Chamberlain said The Finnish people continu their heroic struggle against a enemy who is using his huge ai fleets in a vain endeavor to shak their spirit by burning the home of the poor shattering with hig explosives hospitals full o wounded men and pursuing dc fenselcss citizens with machine guns Of the allied conflict with Ger many the prime minister said winter weather had halted war operations in recent weeks and even interfered with normal ac tivities so that there were few events importance to record Canada it is learned already has increased her frontier guard partly because of the unsatisfac tory condition of the border On this side American officials want u clearer frontier to assist them in preventing violations of United States neutrality The international boundary commission which comes under state department jurisdiction is in charge of the work clearing the border and a house subcommittee lias approved requests for funds for this purpose The clearing will be completed first along the MaineQuebec bor der NAZIS ADMIT 42 SHIPS ARE LOST ON HIGH SEAS Assert Allies Neutrals Had Lost 409 Britain Says Figures Incorrect BERLIN Germany ac LOOK INSIDE FOR Murder Trial Will Start Feb Bin Fort Dodge Court FORT D O D G F Hurley 3i younger of the two Hurley brothers charged wilh murder in the death here Jan 10 of Charles McCullock of Wa terloo will go to trial in Web ster county district court Tues day Feb 13 County Attorney Robert K n u d s o n announced Thursday Clyde Hurley is not expected to go to trial before the April term of court Knudson said Says Hair of Jews in Nazi Camps Cut in Swastika Shape NEW YORK Isabella Lucy Potocki 24 year old Baltimore woman arrived Thursday from Poland with bor Among unforgettable sights she said was the spectacle Jew in German concentration with their hair cut in the shape of swastikas Shocked and haunted Miss Po ocfci whose father was a Polish army major while her mother is an American said she came home hoping to find peace and security after nightmare weeks of dodging German bombs and machine gun bullets which killed 12 members of her family The refugee who arrived from Naples on the iincr Washington said that nine relatives were killed when Germans bombed a train near Krakow and she did not know what had happened lo her father cnowledged Thursday the loss of 136957 tons of shipping since the Beginning of the war but declared that her enemies and neutral countries had lost 1493431 tons Germanys losses were given as 42 ships and enemy and neu tral losses as at least 409 ships sunk up to the end of January In addition 351 enemy and neutral merchantmen were tak en lo German ports to be dis posed of in prize court proceed ings said a high command com munique Germanys losseswereput at 13196 tons of shipping confiscated at the outbreak of the war in en emy ports 82236 tons seized and 141525 tons scuttled to avoid seiz ure The high command and other of ficial sources reporting that allied and neutral merchant shipping losses were approaching 1500000 tons contended Germanys coun terblockade was tightening up on Great Britain There was no comment how ever on the fact that the British and French navies largely had swept German shipping from Hie high seas while British ships were striving to maintain com merce and that consequently there were many more targets for Ger man submarines and warplanes than for the allied navies Tiie German figures are highei than from other sources An Asso ciated Press survey showed 928 101 tons of allied and neutral mer chant shipping were sent to the bottom by mine torpedo shell or aerial bomb or through wrecks due to war conditions in the first five months of the war Germanys known merchant losses in the same period totaled 159122 tons An of the officinl re port by DNB official Gcrinar neivs agency indicated that Ger man naval warfare proceeded a an increased tempo in the last sb weeks Counting the sinkings attribute to unverified reports losses for the period were 463796 figure which some German au thorities said far exceeded Bri tains ability to replace vessels being sunk or seized Only par of these losses however were It was said that whether the al lies could replace lost tonnage by drawing on neutral vessels anc the capacities of neutral builders remained n moot question Britain Declares Nazi Totals Wrong LONDON repliei Thursday to the Berlin claim tha the Germans had sunk 409 alliet and neutral merchantmen sinci the war began with an admiralty tabulation putting at 274 the lota of such merchantmen lost up t midnight Feb 4 A British spokesman said These are the correct figures th others German arent The tabulation gave the tola allied and neutral tonnage lost a 925044 broken down thus British 143 ships 50i998 tons allied French and Polish 14 ships 76689 tons neutral 117 ships 342357 tons To the assertion in Berlin tha the Germans had taken 354 ship as prizes a British naval sourc Foresee Plane Speeds of 500 Miles an Hour BUFFALO N Y flVTwo de signers of the army air corps newest and fastest pursuit planes predicted Thursday speeds of 500 miles an hour within two years and possible 600 miJe speed by 1945 But the key to faster than bul let speeds they explained lies not in developing sufficiently powered engines to propel man made meteors but in overcoming natural phenomena The biggest obstacle in at taining high velocities is the speed of sound approximately 750 miles per hour Don Ber lin 42 year old chief engineer of CurtissWriffht asserted Air gets into such a turmoil at hat speed that all present char acteristics of aerodynamics under o a complete change declared hc creator of the latest Cuvtiss P40 400mile per hour single sealer recently acceptedby the air corps And there is where you run into trouble pointed out Robert Woods 34 year old designer of the Bell Airacobra the armys 400 mile per hour flyingcannon Just like the characteristics of a boat change when it goes from open to frozen water so do aero dynamics change upon reaching supersonic above the velocity of sound Woods ex plained W The shape and texture of the wings become so critical at su perspeeds that if a fly or a rain drop fell on a wing during the planes flight the entire ship would be thrown out of bal ance However Berlin added by streamlining and reducing the area of wings and fuselage through the use of highlight de vices such as auxiliary flaps well be able to work up to speeds close to those of sound But that will depend chiefly on aerodynamic refinement The power plant will have to be in creased to some extent but just No British or French ship have been taken by the Germa navy as prizes Thus it must be assumed tha this figure is made up entirely o neutral vessels which it i SENATOR GILLETTE Asserts Hes Not in Vice Presidential Race PAGE Mason City High Will Bid for League Crown PAGE 13 Level of Prices for Iowa Farmers Rises PAGE 3 piling on horsepower force is not feasible by brute The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy and munh cold er cold wave in north and east central portions Thursday night snow mostly light in east and central portions Thursday after noon and early Thursday night Friday fair colder in south central anfl extreme cast por tions MINNESOTA Fair Thursday niRht and Friday collier in south and cast with a cold wave in southeast and extreme south portions Thursday night rising temperature Friday except in extreme southeast IN MASON cin GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Wednesday 23 Minimum Wednesday night 16 At 8 a m Thursday is Snow 2 inches Precip 10 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 7 Precip 12 Snow 2 inches FINNS CAPTURE CHUTE PATROLS New Successes Against Russian Forces Are Claimed by Defenders HELSINKI The captOfe of several patrols Russian soldiers who parachuted to earth behind the Finnish lines was re ported Thursday by a Finnish communique which said four more soviet warplanes had been downed in aerial fighting The Russian patrols were dis SUised in Finnish army uniforms for operations the battle lines a possibility against which Finland has ivarned her sol diers and citizens The communique described Finnish successes against the in vaders on the Karelian isthmus Lake Ladoga anc along the Russian ri command reported n of Russian attacks ii the Summa sector on the Kareliai isthmus scene ot a week long soviet offensive and declared thn two assaults had been thrown back with the destruction of four enemy tanks British Volunteers May Leave Soon LONDON first con tingent of British xOlurUcers may be to Finland next week Unofficial reports said him drcds of applicants were being known German custom to attack and seize illegally plus fictitious additions of Mr Gocbbels de partment Paul Joseph Goebbels is Ger man minister propaganda Against the German figures that Germany had lost 13196 tons shipping confiscated at the out break ot the war 82236 tons seized and 141525 tons scuttled for a total of 236957 tons a Brit ish tabulation said Germany los 253697 tons northeast of further north frontier The Finnis enrolled by the Finnish legation to leave as soon as possible Only men over 27 years outside the classes likely lo be called this year for Britains army free to go The British gov ernment has taken no formal part in the work which is being super vised by Finns here British voluntcrs will be in ad dition to warplanes and other ma terial already on the way from here to Finland Foreign Under secretary R A Butler affirmed in the house ol commons that Brit ain realizing the urgency of this matter was taking every meas ure short of actual intervention to get material aid to the Finns quickly VANDENBERGIS FOR ENDING OF RED RELATIONS Secretary of State I Refers to Agreements I by Litvinov in 1933 j WASHINGTON UR Secre lary of Slate Cordell Mull said Thursday that this government on several occasions believed that the soviet union was not fully living up to the obligations undertaken when the U S established diplo matic relations with it Hulls views were conveyed lo Chairman Key Pittman of the sen ile foreign relations committee in letter reviewing relations be iveen tlie United States and the U S S R The information was given in to a committee request for Lulls comment on a resolution by Senator Vandenberg R Mich asking the department to say vhether the Litvinov agreements had been Jcept Contending thnt Russia has violated her pledges Vandenbeig las urged that diplomatic relations be broken off Hull said diplomatic relations between the United States and Hie V S S R are not wholly contingent upon the agreements entered into by Maxim Litvinov the then soviet foreign commis sar at the time of recognition in 1933 One ot these agreements was that Russia would abstain from propaganda in this country Congress is considering several phases of U SRussian relations and the matter of an additional nonmilitary loan to Finland which is resisting soviet invasion i Hull said that on occasions when I the U S believed Russia ing up o ifs agreements this government has made appropri ate representations to the soviet government In certain instances these representations have yielded constructive results he said Hull cited two cases which he said had caused this government to protest to Moscow One in volved the holding the seventh all world congress the com munist internntionale in Moscow in 1935 This he said affected a Lilvinov agreement not to inter fere in the internal affairs of the United States Hull said soviet authorities had denied that their govern ment had taken upon itself ob ligations of any kind wilh re gard to the communist Interna tionale The state department issued a statement on AUK 31 1935 in which it contended that the Litvinov agreements irre futably cover activities of the communist Internationale There lias been no further ex change of views or communica tions on this subject between the two governments Hull wrote The other case involved the ar rest and detention ot a number oC Iowa Boy 5 Hit by Car Hurt Fatally STRAAVBERRY POINT Kenneth Luse 5 one of the 10 children of Mr and Mrs W A Luse was fatally injured Wed nesday night when struck by a car which officers said was driv en by Leonard Nickolcy Straw berry Point music instructor Chinese Report Sinking Japanese Transport SHANGHAI mili tary observers said Thursday there was basis despite Japanese de nial for believing Chinese reports that Chinese artillery had sunk n Japanese transport and killed 300 men in the Yangtze river 30 miles above Kiukiang American citizens by soviet au thorities Hull informed the com mittee concerning the case In the opinion ot this govern ment the soviet government in the handling of some of these cases was not living up strictly to its undertakings relative to the rights of citizens of the United States to legal protection Following representations made by this government the American citizens under arrest were eventu ally released and at the present time so far as this government is aware no American citizens arc under detention in the soviet union except a number whom the soviet government considers to be citizens of the soviet union rather than the Unitel State This government has not had occasion to make representations to the soviet government for vio lations of any other obligations as sumed by the soviet government in the agreement of Nov 16 1933 In addition to the Litvinov agreements Hull wrote th e United States and Russia ex changed views with regard to methods of settling all questions of indebtedness and claims out standing between them He said it had been hoped that Uie ex change would bring about a speedy and satisfactory solution of those questions but that the department was forced to an nounce on Jan 31 1935 that the negotiations must now be re garded as having come to an end Vanderbcrg said he interpreted Hulls letter as a politic convic tion of Moscowon at ieast two definite breaches of the Litvinov pledges ;