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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 8, 1933, Mason City, Iowa Edited for the Home ME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS1 VOL XXXIX ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY B 1933 THIS PAPER CbNSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 108 WhatAre Americas 10 Biggest Problems Hoover Research Chief Lists Greatest Is sues Ending of Depression First What are the 10 biggest problems facing America today Where should we begin Jn considering a national plan The big problems are not all apparent to of us Many of the gravest questions He In the future their beginnings now visible only to the trained eyes of statisticians sociologists uuil economists Willtam Fielding Ogburn research director of President Hoovers Research Committee on Recent Social Trends has outlined for the Associated Press what he considers the 10 biggest problems this nation faces among the hundreds revealed in the report of the presi dents committee Professor Ogburns research work for President Hoovers com mittee touched every phase of Americas communal life He is pro fessor of sociology at the University of Chicago former president of the American Sociological society and of the American Statistical association vice president of the American Association lor the Ad vancement of Science Professor Ogburn will outline Americas biggest problems as he sees them in a series 10 articles in this newspaper each article dealing with a separate question that America soon must face The first article appears below and others will follow dally By WILLIAM FIELDING OGBURN I have been asked by the Associated Press to select the ten most important problems before the American people From the hundreds set forth by the report of the presidents committee on Social Trends the result of three years of inten sive study of our social life and from a lifetime of study and observation I have picked these ten If I had been allowed to choose a dozen or a score the list would have included some which the reader may note as conspicuous by their ab I have tried to be guided by a sense of what is practicable for the near future p1 These will I hope serve to direct the atten tion of the manifold agencies which determine our public policies toward the most severe stresses of the future as well as toward the op portunities for directing our steps forward 1 How to End Depressions Our present economic distress with its mil lions of unemployedand its tens of thousands of bankruptcies and its tens of millions of lowered incomes is not a collapse of civilization It is merely the downward trend of the business cycle The trend has been so severe that1 the farmer was justified in remark ing that it was too bad hard times had to come along with the busi ness depression and many of us warranted to thinking it the TRAIN WRECK AT IOWA FALLS W11UAM FOGBUJI the end 3ut good tUnes will return But 1 a wrecKale will beleft In tie and standard oC living decrease the ntimber of mar riages increase thesuicide rate cut i down the budgets for education spread theterror of unemployment into millions of homes reduce in comes ruin businesses and Increase crimes Business depressions fall upon the farmer with particular severity He has enough food to eat usually though farmers are being helped tn various states by our relief stations Farmers Hard Hit The farmer does not cut down his production as does the factory own er hence the prices of what he sells fall more than the prices of what hr buys His income falls more than his costs The farm however breaks the shock for the worker more than the city because there is more food and shelter and greater aid because of family ties Depressions have some good ef fects They force us to clear out the dead wood and eliminate the accumulated wastes of more pros perous times There is better church attendance and greater use of libra ries But the evils far far outweigh the good Smoothing Cycles A major problem our economic organization is to lessen the inten sity of these economic depressions which means more stability in bust ness and a reduction of boom times as well as hard times To smooth out the business cycle is greatly to be desired Apparently wedont know enough about them to control them There is however for the near future a modest hope that the swing of these Turn to Column 2 AUNT NET By Robert Quillen She cant fool me No woman stays that much in terested in love stories if she an hei1 husband are still in love British Flyers Set New Record Governor Signs Farm Mortgage Relief Measure Similar Bill Dropped From Calendar Assembly on Routine Work DES MOINES Feb S Gov ernor Herring today signed the farm mortgage relief bill passed yesterday by the house and senate which provides in effect for a mor atorium on mortgage foreclosures until March 1 1935 The measure drafted as a com promise to bills previously passed in the house and senate provide that district courts may order con tinuance of foreclosure proceedings until 1935 for good cause upon pe tition of the mortgagee The court assumes custody of the property and directs disposal of rents profits and Incomes derived therefrom Effective on Publication Upon publication the bill be comes effective Proponents of the measure said they considered It a logical se quence to Governor Herrings pro clamation two weeks ago asking suspension of all mortgage fore closure actions in Iowa until emer gency legislation to handle the situ ation could be effected They further considered the bill as giving legal and constitutional backing to the governors procla mation which asked only voluntary suspension of foreclosures It was considered today that pub lication of the bill was possible in tomorrows edition of the Sibley GazetteTribune weekly and the Fort Dodge Messenger Fort Dodge Drop Moratorium Bill However should publication at Sibley be delayed until next week the bill would not become effective until then On motion Representative Fuester of Ida one of the coau thors a measure which would have given a two year moratorium on farm mortgage foreclosures was dropped from the house calendar today Fuester said he believed the mortgage bill which passed both branches of the legislature yester day covered the ground Representative Alesch of Plym outh and McKinnon of Henry were interested with Fuester in the measure The fish and game committee bill giving the state fish and game commission the right to regulate open seasons on game was made a special orcjpr of business for a m Feb 20 On Special Order Likewise the Fabrltz bill extend ing from Jan 1 to Feb 1 the period for motor vehicle registration without penalty was made a spe cial order of business for Feb 15 Bills passed by the house were By the tax reduction committee reducing the time or the number of publications of delinquent tax sales from three to two weeks and the tTum to Column fi EXCEED MARKUP 2 AMERICANS BY OVER 300 MILES Mollison on African Coast Ready for Takeoff to Brazil CAPE TOWN Union of South Africa Feb 8 British flyers Squadron Leader O R Gay ford and Flight Lieutenant G E Nicholetts landed at Walfish bay at p m a m E S today after setting a new long dis tance nonstop record They beat the American long dis tance mark established by Russell Boardman and Jean Polando from New York to Istanbul Turkey by more than 300 miles They were in the air 57 hours and 28 minutes Walfish bay is 800 miles north of here and 5411 miles from Cran well Eng whence this flight started Mollison Ready for Hopoff DAKAR Senegal Feb 8 Capt James A Mollison who is at tempting a speed tlight by stages from England to Brazil arrived this morning at Thies near here from where he plans his transAt lantic takeoff He said he would start tomorrow for Brazil Smith Damages His riane ORAN Algeria Feb 8 tor Smith 19 year old South Afri can aviator who was seeking to break MrssAmy Johnson Molllsons EnglandSouth Afri ca flight Damaged his plane when landing here at a m a m eastern standard time today Smith took off from Southamp ton England yesterday morning in an attempt to beat Mrs Molli spns record of four days six hours 54 minutes for the flight He made a brief stop last night at Ferpig nan France Security Needed to Go With Arms Cuts Says PaulBoncour GENEVA Feb 8 TVNational and international security is an ab solutely necessary accompaniment to disarmament Joseph PaulBon cour told the world disarmamenl conference today defending the French disarmament plan which has been assailed by the other great European powers Report Minimum Wage Law Repeal Measure DES MOINES Feb 8 school and textbooks committee of the house of representatives voted to report for passage the senate bill repealing the teachers minimum wage law The measure has already been approved by the senate HULL FARM BILL NEARLY READY Principle Wins Approval o Senate Subcommittee on Banking WASHINGTON Feb 8 principle of the Hull bill designee to use of federal credit to stall off farm mortgage foreclo sures for two years was approvec by members of a senate banking subcommittee today although sev eral details remained to be workec out After working on the problem aV morning the subcommittee mel again this afternoon to perfect the bill sponsored by Senator Hull D Tenn Senator Stelwer R said Paul Bestor federal farm loan com missioner had been asked to sub mlt amendments intended to permit joint stock and federal land banks to postpone foreclosures in accord ance with the plan and still protec the interests of their bondholders Under the Hull bill the recon struction corporation could lone to farm mortgage hold era to pay delinquent taxes inter est and installments in return fo their agreement nor to foreclosi for two years HANKINS GETS LIFE SENTENCE Leonard Hankins right s shown being led into court in Minneap olis where he was sentenced to life imprisonment following his convic tion for first degree murder in connection with a Minneapolis bank holdup in December Hankinswho said his home was in Dawson Spring Ky claimed ho was In a barber shop at the time of the holdup As sociated Press BARRY OUTSIDE NOW LOOKING IN Senate Fires Sergeant at Arms and Considers Libel Action WASHINGTON Feb 8 David S Barry today was on the outsWe looking in stripped of his robe of office as senate sergeant at arms The 73 year old man who years ago served the senate as a page wrote a magazine article accusing some members of congress of bribe taking Ho was paid fpr it For three and a half hours last night the senate engaged shouted in a dispute BARRY over Barrys case and then re moved him from his a year office by a vote 53 to 17 At the height of the debate Senator N o rris Nebr said In self de in defense of its honor and its integrity the senate can do no less tuan remove such an unworthy employe Press Libel Action Today a number senators moved to bring libel proceedings against Barry and the publishers ol the magazine the New Outlook edited by Alfred E Smith Senator Walsii D sponsor of such a resolution was determined to press for action when the judiciary committee meets tomorrow to con sider it Several senators took notice of a statement made in New York by Francis Walton managing editor of the New Outlook Walton ex pressed regret that Barry had been dismissed but added it is gratify ing that his article could so ef fectively turn a searchlight upon the shadier activities of congress Tempers rose in the senates furi ous debate on whether to turn Barry out dismiss an employe who had been sergeant at arms for 14 years Not Without Defenders Barry was not without his defend ers Senator Logan D Ky chal longed the senate argued that the man had not been given a fair trial Down in my state we would call this mob law he said Senator Dickinson R Towai compared the senates action to a fox hunt with scores of men horses and clogs after one little fox Several times the Crowded gal leries were called to order and twice the senators themselves were warned against violating parliamen tary rules as bitterness crept Into their remarks Barry himself was at home He had no statement to make 300 MILLIONS IS SUGGESTED FOR LUMP PAYMENT Offer Made in British House Borah Will Oppose Plan LONDON Feb 8 of 100000000 pounds currently about in a lump sum to the United States as full and final set tlement of Great Britains war debt was proposed in the house of com mons today by Geoffrey Mander a liberal A representative of Neville Cham berlain chancellor of the exchequer said in the chancellors absence that Mr Chamberlain was aware of va rious suggestions of that nature but that he would express no opinion upon them pending the debts nego tiations at Washington next month Less Thnn Tenth Great Britains debts to America no wstand at approximately Mason Citys Mercury Hits 3 Year Record Drops to 24 Below as Cold Wave Shows No Letup Mason City experienced the cold est weather in three years when the thermometer registered 24 below zero during Tuesday night and Wednesday saw North Iowa in the firm grip of old man winter The Iowa forecast was for cold The Tuesday night reading was the lowest since Jan 22 1930 when the mercury touched 31 below zero SOME PAST RECORDS 24 PASSENGERS AND CREW ONLY SLIGHTLY HURT One Thought Dead and Eight Hurt in Fires at Davenport IOWA FALLS Feb continued Rock Island southbound Minne apolisKansas City passenger train Dec 16 1932 18 Jan Jan 21 1931 7 Jan Jim 22 1930 31 Dec Feb 15 1BSO 18 Jnn Jim IS 1929 IB Dec Fclj 20 1U29 25 Dec Jim 2 1928 1 22 1927 13 28 1926 14 1926 27 1925 29 1925 28 1024 15 17 18 15 20 The coldest point in the stale reported by the Associated Press was Sheldon with 26 below Coal dealers In many cities ex perience difficulty In delivering or ders promptly Ottumwa reported a minimum of 16 below during the night with sub zero temperatures prevailing to day Retail dealers had practically The payment proposeJ exhausted their coal supply and HERRING TO GO TO WASHINGTON Iowa Governor Will Accept Roosevelt Invitation toConference DE3 MOINES Feb 8 Gov Clyde L Herring of Iowa said to day that he will accept the invita tion of PrcsidentElect Roosevelt to a conference of governors at Wash ington March 6 but that he had no comment at present reg any proposals he might make at the conference To lap Unity Program NEW YORK Feb 8 lenteleet Roosevelts invitation to the 48 governors to meet him March 6 at the white house in a conference extraordinary was seen by his sunporters todav as a move to map a program in which the Tovcrnmentil units would march in step in a drive to regain prosper ity The subjects Mr Roosevelt out lined for discussion in the invitation made public here last night were Taxra federal aid for unemployment relief mortaapce foreclosures ciallv on farm lands better land use by afforestation elimination of marginal agricultural land flood prevention and other steps and the reorganization and consolidation of local government to decrease tax costs Taxation Listed First by Mr Mander therefore would ect final settlement on a basis ol something leas than 10 per cent approximately the scale on which the Lausanne conference settled the Serman reparations Sir Ronald Lindsay ambassador to the United States conferred for two hours with the cabinet thia aft ernoon and it was announced the debt discussion will be resumed to morrow Sir Ronald plana to leave for Washington some time next WeeUV relief agencies were unable to sup ply coal to the citys poor Shortage of Coal Ottumwa mines reported that their output was being taken away as fast as coal was hoisted to th top MEETS OPPOSITION Fire at Creston CRBSTON Feb 8 estimated at was caused by fire which destroyed the G A Swanson clothing store reform has been chosen for a prominent place in the discussion The presidentelect listed the sub ject of taxes first In his invitation under the title conflicting taxa tion by federal and state govern ments One aim of the conference is believed to be an attempt to draft a plan whereby state and nation would confine their taxes to separ ate fields so far as possible Besides the subjects listed the discussion will be open for other problems in which the states anl nation have a common vital inter est Mr Roosevelt indicated May Discuss Others It is possible his invitation said that other subjects will occur to the governors or to me as being es sential for discussion Although it was not officially dis closed whether the unemployment relief discussion would center around direct or indirect relief bv the national government it was be lieved likely direct relief would be talked of as well as indirect Reorganization of local govern ments like reforestation Is a sub ject in which Mr Roosevelt has long been interested The presidentelect is expected to explain In detail to the governors his program for reforestation which he holds would add to the nations wealfJi aid in flood control and cm ploy y lartre number of men The call for the conference brought an expression of enthusiasm from Gov Joseph B Ely of Massa chusetts who arrived here yester day t rom a 10 day cruise It is a splendid start he said Gov Gifford Pinchot of Pennsyl vania was another who commented At Harrisburg he called the con ference an admirable Idea and said he would be delighted to at tend WASHINGTON Feb 8 Chairman Borah of the senate for eign relations committee today threw his influence against a lump sum cash settlement of the Euro pean war debts or any other settle ment that embraces no trade con cessions for this country Commenting on dispatches from abroad that the British would pro pose in the coming negotiations with Presidentelect Roosevelt a cash settlement of between 000000 and i2000000000 In pay ment for the of Europes war obligations the Idaho senator in a statement said Would Do No Good I am not interested in any plan which deals with the debts that does not include the adjustment of the currency question and certain other problems which stand in tho way of opening up world markets and re storing trade and commerce A lump sum payment would not do us any good of a permanent na ture unless we can fnid markets and restore the purchasing power of the people On the house side of the capitoi the democratic of the proposal to offer a lump sum settlement of about 10 cents on a dollar sheer nonsense Wont Stand for It The American people wont stand for it he insisted It is too bad that England and France cant understand that the United States borrowed the money from its nationals to purchase their war bonds so they could continue to exist Asked his opinion whether Eng land could float a bond Issue in this country to raise money to pay on the lump sum Rainey told inter iewors The American Investors wont buy the British bonds They have been stung enough on foreign bonds here You hear a lot of talk about tho United States having borrowed some money from France for the Revolutionary war and that we have not paid it back Rainey said Its not true We paid every cent back and besides a lot of money stolen by the French representa tive who was supposed to deliver the money to tho United States It was all paid back by about 1850 Minnesota Town Loses 2 Buildings in Blaze THIEF RIVER FALLS Minn Feb in a garage here yes terday destroyed that building am the city auditorium containing all the city offices and the telephone exchange The loss Is estimated be tween and Fire men were handicapped by strong wind and low temperatures lha froze the fire hose Sioux City reported 22 below Charles City 20 below Omaha 1 below and Des Moines 17 below Davenport and Keokuk reported 1 below There was six inches snowa DaVehportfour Inchesat Kcolcuk and five at Dubuque Official temperature at Webst City was 22 below at Humboldt 2 below Highways Open Fort Dodge highways were ope A half Inch of snow fell there Jus night and the temperature was 2 below The mercury dropped to 21 belo at Waterloo during the night fir from an overheated stove in th Artificial Ice company caused dam age estimated at Iowa City reported u below at i m The unofficial reading a was 28 below Cedar Rapids reported four inche snow with a minimum tempera ure of IS below Highways were lear and traffic with the exception if the easthound trains was normal Truffle Nearly Normal Train and bus travel at own resumed near normal condi ions after serious delays due to drifting of the snow Many rural xnd consolidated schools wero dis missed at noon Tuesday to permit children to return home before veathcr conditions became too seri ous The 20 degree low registered arly Wednesday was the lowest be thermometer has dipped in cen tral Iowa since Jan 17 1930 Twelve below at Muscatinc was he coldest experienced there for hree years Trains were delayed rural roads were blocked but main highways were open The wind t lashed Council was wrecked five miles north of here about 6 oclock this morning Three coaches left the track when the train struck a broken rail Twentyfour passengers besides the trainmen escaped with slight injuries Passengers were brought here hi automobiles With the temperature 21 below many suffered frost bites when transferred to automobiles which could not get within a quarter mile f the wreck Twentytwo passengers were in 10 two sleepers and two were In 10 day coach The conductor suf ered a scalp wound which was ot considered serious One man re eivcd a sprained ankle It was expected that the track vould be clear this afternoon and ormal service would be resumed One of the coaches which the rack fell on its side A man and a woman and their small child decided they wouW ircfcr to remain in the coach rath er than go the quarter of a mile to he automobiles After they waited a while arrangements were made for a car to drive up to the coach 2 Column 7 DEVALERA AGAIN IRISH PRESIDENT Cosgrave Opposes Move as One Tending to Divide National Front DUBLIN Irish Free State Feb 8 de Valera head of the fianna fail party was reelect ed president of the Irish Free State today by a vote of 82 to 54 as the new dail eireann convened for its first meeting Frank Fahy was reelected speak er of the house on the proposal of Mr Jo Valera who spoke in Gaelic Scan Moylan of Cork county nomin ated Dr de Valera for reelection Expressing the hope that the next time he Is reelected It will be as president of an Irish republic of 32 counties Moylana sentiment was cheered by the galleries and the front benches Opposing de Valnras elec tion former President William T Cosgrave said that the antecedents of the fianna fall party gave very little hope of any advance in the na tional status That partys policy he said had been to divide the national iron I The members of the center party refrained from voting Dead Three Hurt GREEN BAY Wts Feb 8 A brakemanWas killed and three passengers werej injuredat xago Milwaukee tioin T was derailed of Sp bieak Wis The brakemanV Otto Beck of Milwaukee was crushed between cars A sleeper in which there were seven passengers turnd over A relief train sent out from here to the wreck 15 miles to the north brought back passengers Five were taken to a hospital where it was ascertained that three required med ical attention Officials said that the derailment apparently was caused by a broken rail The locomotive and all cars left the rails but only the sleeper overturned Beck trainmen said was passing Between the sleeper and a coach when the derailment occurred He was crushed Between the cars as they jammed together The train was bound from Green 3ay for Iron River Mich It had eft Chicago at p m yester day The Green BayIron Mountain line was blocked this morning nnd wrecking crews worked with diffi culty because of subzero tempera tures Man Believed Dead DAVENPORT Feb 8 man is believed to be dead and eight firemen are suffering from injuries ns the result of two fires early this morning which destroyed the Ewert and Richter storage plant and the building housing the Morris Citron Shoe store The losses are estimated at about The origin of both blazes s undetermined Ed Glasby 60 watchman who ived in the storage house has been missing since the fire gutted the uildlng and is believed to have been trapped In the fire What searching could be done his morning failed to reveal any trace of the missing man Firemen hampered by the 12 be low zero temperature found it dif ficult to fight the storage house Because of the formation of ice In the street and on parts of the bulki ng IOWA WEATHER GenoniHy fair and continued cold Wednesday night nnd Thursdiiy LOCAL STATISTICS Maximum Tuesday 10 Below Minimum In Night 24 Below At 8 A M 22 Below Snowfall 25 Precipltalion 02 Tuesday night gave North ta coldest weather In more than three years as a weather story 08 this page will explain The Globe Gazettes minimum thermometer im southeast Mason City showed a generous 21 below zero while the ot ticlal instruments at the beet sugar factory north of the city showed 23 below ;