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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 7, 1963, Mason City, Iowa A look at crowded classrooms See story on page 17 HOME EDITION Filibuster fight buried The Senate Thursday laid to rest the 1963 antifilibuster ruje fight which has blocked other business for weeks it made Us key decision to end the rule change strug gle on a vote by which it refused to apply its con i troversiai gag rule to halt debate Then in a swift leadership move overriding liberals seeking another test the senate voted to adjourn until Monday The adjournment action wiped out the longpending mo tion for consideration of a rule change and killed the is sue The adjournment vote was 64 to 33 The effort to apply the gag rule failed by 10 votes that much short of the required twothirds Thursdays was the 38th vote on cloture since the rule was established in 1917 and the 33rd time it has failed The newspaper that makes all North Iqwans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 102 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 7 1963 UOc a copy No 310 Displaying our wares in Mexico Trade fair is biggest By BERT QUINT New York Herald Tribune News Service MEXICO CITY Mexicans who for the most part think of the US in terms of big busi ness and baseball will get a chance to peek at other aspects of American life during the US Trade Fair here Feb 828 The fair largest American exposition ever to be sent abroad will be more than its name implies US advances in culture sports and science will be displayed along with in dustrial and agricultural ex hibits and the aim is to im press the Mexican housewife and shoemaker as much as the magnate Sponsored by the US Dept of Commerce the fair gives a notsosubtle plug to the Al liance for Progress by bearing the title Allied in Progress and by playing up the fact that there is a satellite tracking sta tion in Guaymas Mexico manned by Mexicans and Amer icans A Mercury space capsule complete with tower and a model of a spaceman inside will be displayed as will models of the Telstar Ranger Mariner and Tiros satellites There also will be such in dentions as office thinking machines modern surgical equipment textile machinery automobiles and mining con struction and agricultural equip ment on display But what probably will draw the most oohs and ahs is the exhibit to be called The Lightning Kitchen of the Fu ture By flicking a switch the attendant will set the kitchen to plates mopping the floor and doing just about everything else except going out for the groceries Another event calculated to have Juanita Publicos tongue hanging out is a showing of vacation fashions created by Oleg Cassini and nine other top American designers To please the men in case they are not sufficiently enter tained by watching the pretty Mexican girls who model these clothes there will be an ex hibition of US television genius The fashion show will be videotaped in color and tele vised over closed circuit min utes after it ends The speed with which this will be done and the fact that Mexicans arc as yet unfamiliar with color TV should make for an im pressed audience Figuring that turn about is fair play and that Americans have marveled over Mexican folk dances for years the fairs organizers have scheduled a scries of American folk dances To further reverse traditional roles the Americans will make a pitch for the Mexican peso by showing off US tourist attrac tions The American government tourism agency which recently opened an office here will have a display of air rail and bus routes north of the border as well as models of jets trains and buses with explanations of how the jets operate In all more than 100 Amer ican companies will participate in the fair CRASH KILLS 25 VARGINHA Brazil passenger bus carrying 45 pas sengers plunged into a 90foot ravine Wednesday killing 25 persons and injuring 15 TV show banned Nikita rebuffed PARIS UPI President Charles de Gaulles govern ment delivered a stinging rebuff to Sovier Premier Khrush chev Thursday by banning a filmed interview with him from the stateoperated French television network Coming close on the heels of a stronglyworded Soviet note to France attacking the recent FrenchWest German alliance as a treaty for war the governments action pushed rela tions with Moscow to their lowest ebb in months The sudden new tension between France and Russia dispelled last weeks rumors that De Gaulle was working on a ParisMoscow Axis as part of his grand design for the future of Europe The interviews with Khrushchev and Soviet Defense Min ister Rodion Malinovsky were filmed in Moscow 10 days ago after negotiations lasting about three months The stateoper ated French television and radio network sent a special crew to Moscow to make the interviews Util deb FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES DBS legisla tors took up their third contro versial proposal in as many days Thursday as the Senate debated a bill to give the state commerce commission power to regulate utility rates and serv ices The upper chamber debate was on a bill introduced by Sen weather North Iowa Mostly cloudy with occasional drizzle and fog through Friday Cooler Thurs day night lows in mid 20s Highs Friday in mid 30s Iowa Mostly cloudy with oc casional drizzle and fog through Friday Cooler south east and extreme7 east Thurs day night lows in the 20s Highs Friday in the 30s Fur ther outlook Considerable cloudiness and somewhat cool er Saturday Minnesota Cloudy light snow or rain Highs Friday 22 to 32 GlobeGazette weather up to 8 am Thursday Maximum 37 Minimum 28 Sunrise Sunset splan opens Richard C Turner RCouncil Bluffs and 13 others which was identical to one which passed the Senate two years ago only to die in a House committee A flood of amendments were introduced and the Senate ap proved one considered to be a key revision On a voice vote it approved an amendment by Sen David Shaff RClinton which would broaden the com missions powers in regulating rates which utilities could charge He said it would bring the state into line with utility regulation in many other states An amendment to exclude co operatives from any controls was defeated 3313 after stir ring up considerable debate Excluded from provisions of the aill would be telephone companies with less than 2000 stations mu tual telephone companies in which at least half of the users are own ers and municipally owned utili ties Cooperatives would be ex cluded from rate regulations only The League of Iowa Municipali ties was expected to have a dif ferent bill presented The league contends its bill will better pro billion for health program JFK outlines his goals WASHINGTON Kennedy Thursday prescribed ways to pep up the nations health got in a quick plug for his politically hot medicare proposals he may send Congress next week Thursdays message to Capitol Hill spelled out how the billion in health in his budget for the fiscal year starting next July be spent Its 250 million more than the price tag in the current fiscal year The President proposed steps to Encourage and support training of more doctors dentists and nurses by helping build new and expand existing schools Extend for five years authority to share costs of building hospitals boost funds for nursing homes and share costs of hospital modernization Strengthen federal authority over sales of cosmetics overthe counter drugs and other health items Require cosmetic manufactur ers to prove the safety of their wares and health device produc ers to prove both safety and effectiveness The President devoted two para graphs in his 10page message to what he called a tragic irony that medical science has kept millions of retired men and worn en alive to face illnesses they can not afford Needless suffering in silence financial catastrophe public or private are not ac ceptable alternatives in the rich est country on earth he said Social Security health insurance must be enacted this year It was an advance boost for his medicare proposals defeated in Congress last year He intends to ask for it again in a general mes sage on aging which a spokesman said would probably come next week 1LS UIIJ datajtect the consumer The Turner bill requires the rates of any utility to be filed with the commerce commission and all subsequent changes ap proved by the regulating agency l On the inside SAME Editorials Page 4 Clear Lake News 6 CubGazette 3 Society News 91011 Sports 1314 Latest Markets 16 Mason City News1617 Comics ig North Iowa News 22 If a utility company desires to change its rate schedule the proposed charges must be filed with the commission which can approve or disapprove them The utility may appeal the find GFT FROM GREEKS ings to the district and supreme NEW DELHI courts Royal Greek army Thursday However a utility could seljg a v e one thousand each of up a sliding scale of rates andwoolen sweaters mufflers and as long as the schedule was apsocks to the Indian army for proved by the commission could operate under it use on the Himalayan frontier With China N ews in a utshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Cancels LONDON Princess Margaret canceled her March visit to France in the wake of President Charles de Gaulles veto of Britains bid to enter the Common Market Higher debt WASHINGT Treasury Secretary Douglas Dillon told Con gress the legal limit on the national debt will have to be boosted to about billion this summer because of the deficit spending and tax cuts budgeted by Presi d e n t Kennedy There now is a temporary ceil ing of billion Pacifies Russ TOKYO Japan has told the SovietUnion its admission of US nuclear submarines to Japanese ports will not be a step toward admitting Amer ican nuclear weapons to Japan if Publisher freed KARLSRUHE G e r government released D e r Spiegel magazine publisher Ru d o 1 f Augstein from prison The 39yearold news magazine publisher was arrested Oct 27 on a charge of suspected high treason in a govern ment action that caused an uproar which shook chancellor Konrad Aden auers government A3 is success CAPE CANAVERAL powerful new model of t h e Navys seagoing Polaris missile the A3 thundered 1600 miles across the Atlantic Ocean to score its first success AN INTERESTED AUDIENCE AP Photofa Squatting crosslegged on a table top chair is Sen Kenneth Keating New York Gov Nelson Rockefeller RNY who has been highly critical of watches Secretary of Defense Robert administration handling of what the McAamara lead off televised news con senator termed was a Soviet military ference on the Cuban situation In buildup in Cuba GOP not convinced Soys Red threat remains in Cuba FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON Republican critics of the administrations Cuba policy served notice Thursday they still are con vinced for the most part thati the Soviet threat remains in the Caribbean island The administration sought to answer the critics Wednesday in an unprecedented twohour public intelligence briefing Some Republicans compli mented the presentation but those who were critical earlier remained that way Senate GOP leader Everett Dirksen said the televised re port actually demonstrated as nothing else could that Cuba still is a Soviet base endanger ing the Americas Earlier Sen Kenneth Keat ing RNY said Defense Sec retary McNamara did not dispute in any manner any of the statements I have made with regardto the Cuba build up McNamara said at the end of the briefing that Keating should make good his promise to eat his hat if the ad of re ministration proved the fensive threat has been moved from Cuba Rep Donald Bruce RInd who charged Monday that there are 40 Soviet offensive missiles in Cuba said after the brief ing that he still was convinced the missiles are there At the same time the Senate Prepared ness subcommittee pushed ahead with its Cuba in quiry unaffected by the brief ing McNamara at his briefing said he believed beyond any reasonable doubt that allof fensive weapons have been removed from the island and none have been reintroduced He called on JohiTp Hughes a Pentagon intelligence con sultant to do mostof the de tailing Hughes produced massive array of aerial photo graphs and explained the sig nificance of each one McNamara said Since July 1 more than 400 reconnaissance flights have been made over Cuba and is land wide flights continue at least once a week The Russians methodically destroyed the offensive mis sile sites even breaking up the concrete with bulldozers US planes went so far as to follow the ships which took the missiles out of Cuba back to the Black Sea to make sure they did not turn back Pictures taken as recently as Monday showed the Russian missile and bomber bases inac tive McNamara said he had no evidence that Cuba is being used as a base for subversion in other Latin American coun tries There is positive evidence that there are no Russian sub marine bases on the island Since the Octobercrisis Rus sia has pulled about 5000 troops out of Cuba leaving about 17000 Sovietmilitary person nel including technicians in Cuba today This includes four combat forces each of about lr 000 to 1250 men Central Intelligence director John A McCone also said re ports of a new Soviet buildup checked out negative ICE DAMAGE AT LAKE The yard of Mr and Mrs John Steinbacher 3657 N Shore Drive Clear Lake shows what is happening as the expanding ice cover of the lake moves up onto the shore A redwood plank retaining wall has been shoved in under the ground causing the earth to heave upwards about tour feet Steel posts at the right mark the former fence line The Steinbachers had moved the fence towards the house about 10 feet to keep it from be ing damaged Offensive defensive U S ponders Cuban trap IV MARGUERITE H1GAIN3 in PiiKo j By MARGUERITE H1GGINS New York Herald Tribune News Service WASHINGTON Has the US plunged into a trap of its own making in attempting to make a distinction between offensive and defensive So viet weapons inside Cuba Can a machine gun a tank let alone a 25miierange mis sile be considered a defen sive weapon in the hands of a man who says It is the duty of leaders to make the masses march to launch the masses into battle as Fidel Castro put it in his speech of Jan 16 And what about the MIG21S in Cuba piloted by both Rus sians and Cubans These have a range of 700 miles which means they can penetrate deep into the US as Secre tary of State Rusk himself admits these MIGs can be adapted to carry nuclear weapons These are questions the country is hearing increasing ly from Congress and from responsible officials who be lieve it is necessary to ask publicly whether the admin istration did not prematurely raise its quarantine on Cuba Even inside the New Frontier there have been of ficials who have warned from the start that the word weap on and the word defensive are contradictory and that as applied to Soviet interven tion in Cuba the concept of defensive weaponry is a grave handicap to the exercise of Americas national interest For example if the US limits its definition of offen sive weapons to medium range and longrange missiles plus medium bombers this appears to give a green light to the Russians to proceed with impunity to supply Cuba with all sorts of weapons that happen to be outside that category It is probably true that there have been only two large shiploads of arms since the quarantine was lifted But in light of the military threats made by the Cubans against the US and the Western hemisphere many feel these were two deliveries too many This goes straight to the point that the US would al most certainly not tolerate additional arms deliveries if the administration did not feel obliged to adhere to the dis tinction between offensive and defensive weapons the latest deliveries presumably falling into the latter category The Kremlinologists can theorize all they like about whether Khrushchev would or would not dare to put nuclear weapons in Cuba but the truth is that this country does not know whether nuclear warheads have been brought to the Caribbean The 18000 Soviet troops now admitted to be in Cuba are there of course to thwart any attempt by the Cuban people or anybody else to get rid of Castro Com munism has never in history been successfully imposed without resort to the Red army which by bringing a Soviet military presence to the Caribbean has upset the world balance of power just as certainly as if the defen sive weapons were labeled offensive On Sept 4 1962 the White House issued a statement warning that if organized So viet combat forces were dis covered in Cuba the gravest issues would arise The Rus sians have chosen to disre gard that warning The impression given today by the administration is that it is trying to minimize the situation in Cuba It is cer tainly the impression of the Communist diplomats about town and it indicates why Russia is proceeding to con solidate its military position in Cuba rather than dismantle it The New Frontier apparent ly overestimating the extent of its Cuban victory and over estimating the embarrass ment to the Soviets of Khru shchevs limited retreat re laxed pressure early on Cuba as a facesaving gesture to the Russians So the Russians using the sanctuary provided by concept of defensive weap ons continued after the blockade to transform Cuba into what is now the second greatest military power in the Western hemisphere for Cubas defensive weapons are second in power only to the weapons offensive or de fensive of the United States ;