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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 7, 1949, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Five Cents a Copyi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 7 1949 This Paper Consists of Two Ono No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Was Chiang Sold Down the River WHATS happening in China these days cant by any stretch of imagination be classified as good news so far as this coun try and the things in which we believe are concerned The forces operating under the hammer and sickle banner are on the march That they will be stop ped short of full domination of that vast sprawling land almost as large as the United States in area and containing almost a fourth of the worlds population appears wholly unlikely Theres talk of Chiang Kaishek withdrawing to the newly re claimed island of Formosa and fighting a lastditch battle against the communists That he will do this is unlikely and that he would succeed in such a last ditch fight is even more unlikely Foresee Communist Rule The reverses suffered by the Chinese nationalists fighting under Chiang and backed at least halfheartedly by the United States are of such dimensions that some Americans politicians and businessmen are speculating on the question Wnl we be able to get along with a Chinese com munist regime Quite a high content of wishful thinking is implicit in that ques tion The reasoning of those who take a hopeful view is that the Chinese who call themselves com munists arent actually commun ists at all Rather the story goes theyre agrarian reformers Its true of course that Mao Tsetung top man in the Chinese communist movement is not Mos cowtrained although more than a few of his topranking associ ates are All seem to be well versed in Marxist dialectic An Agrarian Economy In another respect too tha Chinese scene is deemed not adapted to the MarxLenin formu la for revolution The communist bible aims at an industrial pro letariat whereas China is pre dominantly a nation of illiterate peasants who couldnt ba expected to comprehend all the angles and curves of pure com munism Mao has been described by one authority on oriental affairs as a combination of communist nationalist and realist well ac quainted with the Marxist blue print but willing to permit some temporary alterations in the process of building the new gov ernment in China Reared as a peasant Mao ob tained his education at Peking university There he joined a Marxist study club He was a revolutionist under Sun Yatsen but afterwards with 2 others he established the Chinese commun ist party It has been his life since 1922 Follows Party Line Without benefit of Moscow in doctrination direct he has fol lowed the party line at every turn even to the point of denouncing Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia andi calling upon the worlds revolu tionary forces to unite behind Russia in opposition to American imperialism In the light of all this it re flects a pronounced credulity to believe as some do that Mao might prove something of a Tito himself once he achieves power over China The weight of the evidence is that Mao is a thorough going communist bent on taking China down the road to full com munism at the earliest possiblo moment Any study of how we got to where we are today in tha Chinese debacle must revolve about that amazing personality named Chiang Kaishek best in terpreted to the Englishspeaking world by his even more amazing wife Is He Saint or Knave Whether the generalissimo is saint or knave seems to depend wholly on whom you consult about him Dr Walter Judd and Gen Claire Chennault classify him as one of the great men of the cen tury in which he lives Gen Joseph Stilwell set him down as an un conscionable brigand In the days when Chiang was fighting a lone battle against the Japanese he was acehigh in world opinion As America came into the war against the Nips ha was rated as an ally deserving of our fullest support consistant with the priority which we placed on GlobeGazette Photos ANOTHER BURNED TO THE M Whitney looks over the ruins of his home 5 miles northwest of Mason City just off scenic highway which burned to the ground Saturday afternoon In the background are Mrs Whitney and a daughter Mrs George Emmert 130 5th N E Below Mr and Mrs Whitney look over the few articles which were saved by their 4 small children who were in the home at the time of the outbreak The origin of the fire has not been determined but it appeared to have started on the roof New Storm Crosses Rockies Roads Buried in Snowdrifts the war in Europe The Chiang star began going into eclipse with our assignment of Stilwell to the Asiatic theater Vinegar Joe and the generalis simo apparently were allergic to each other They couldnt agree on anything One of the questions on which they clashed was the im portance of reopening the Burma road StilweUs criticism of Chiang knew no bounds Our Pledge Was Broken In 1943 President Roosevelt and Chiang met in Cairo prior to the big conference at Tehran and Joined in pledges of complete de termination to fight the war CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A new storm ripped across the Rockies Monday burying north west highways in and still another churned across the Pacific toward the west coast Snowsqualls swirled toward the hardsmitten western plains and the armies of western blizzard rescuers The northwest disturb ance left roads in Wyoming Mon tana Idaho and Utah choked with new drifts and rail traffic was halted Many schools closed in those states Rain Drenched The Pacific storm was expected to hit the California coast Tues day Central California was rain drenched Monday and huge drifts filled mountain pockets and passes in the wake of the storm which passed Sunday There was rain elsewhere in the northern Florida and the south and middle Atlantic states Snow flurries extended Irom Michigan to New York Bit ter cold hit the Mississippi valley dropping the mercury to 12 be ow at Iowa City Iowa It was freezing asfar south as northern Texas The east coast had mild weather except for New England where Caribou Maine reported 9 aelow A fierce blizzard blocked north ern California mountain highways and marooned 7000 winter sports men In Wyoming the high winds roared over the blizzardweary plains and new snowdrifts clogged highways and railroad traffic es pecially near Casper and Rawlins Strong Winds Strong westerly winds blew and drifted snow in southern and east ern Wyoming Monday but were expected to die down Monday night At Sinclair Wyo the wind hit 59 miles an hour Tempera tures Sunday night dropped to above in Wyoming and 5 below at Gunnison and Alamosa Colo The Chicago and North Western railway canceled all trains leaving Chicago for the west coast Mon day because of the severe storm on Union Pacific and Southern Pa cific routes which the North West ern uses ire Forces 2 to Flee House in Mightclothing Newton believed to have been caused by an over leated oil stove forced Boyce Russell and his 14 year old son to lee their farm home in nigh ilothing Sunday They hiked onefourth of a mile Barefoot in the snow to the home of neighbors Russell and his son were the only 2 in the house which burned to the ground at an estimated loss of DECLARE DIVIDEND Fort Madison W A Sheaffer Pen company Monday declared an extra dividend of 50 cents and a regular quarterly pay ment of 10 cents a share of com mon stock both payable Feb 25 to shareholders of record Feb 15 For the fiscal year ending Feb 28 disbursements will total a share compared with in the orevious 12 months Fire Destroys Home North of Mason City Fire of undetermined origin Saturday afternoon destroyed the home of Earl M Whitney about 5 miles north of Mason City just off he scenic highway A small quan ity of clothing and some valued papers were all that was saved Four Whitney children Ray mond 10 Jerry 9 Carolyn 7 and Nancy 5 were in the home at the time Neighbors first saw the flames and helped save the few articles they had time to get out The closest neighbor Ashley Ferrier who lives about J miles from the Whitneys was first to ar rive on the scene but the flames were completely out of control The children in the house had just time enough to get out and take what they could get ahold of oil the way Neighbors said the fire appeared to break out on the roof and spread rapidly over the whole structure an old 6room home Mr Whitney was working in Mason City at the time and Mrs Whitney was shopping Whitney said there was insurance on the furnishings and on the house He has rented out the 80 acres adjacent to the home for the 1 a s t 2 years and worked the night shift at a local cement company and has been doing temporary work at the M and St L freighthouse during the daytime The family is temporarily living with relatives in Mason City Part of the family is at the Gerald Say lor home 1135 1st N E and part with relatives at 130 5th N E Fayne Whitney 14 was at the home of a neighbor when the fire broke out Another son Roy 16 is in Minnesota The Whitneys also have 5 married daughters and a son who lives in Brooklyn N Y Sees Truman Power to Halt Strike Davis Says President Should Be Able to Seize Struck Plants Washington William F Davis former national war labor board chairman said Monday con gress should give President Tru man specific power to seize struck plants if necessary to deal with a real national emergency Davis tod the senate labor com mittee he believed the president has vast powers under the con stitution to avert threats to the nations health or welfare But he said congress should spell them out in law anyway He urged that in emergency strikes afiecting utilities food fuel transportation and politi cal general strikes the president be empowered to declare an emer gency take over property and call on labor and management to remain on the job Davis apparently agreed with President Truman and Attorney General Tom Clark that the ad ministration has inherent pow ers to avert an emergency strike But he thought such powers should be spelled out by congress Davis testified shortly after Robert N Denham general courr sel of the national labor relations board defended the TaftHartle labor act as basically sound But the administration wants to repeal the TaftHartley act and replace it with a reenacted Wag ner act with improvements Hoover Advice Is for Consolidation Plans Revival of Committee Wherry Wants Specia Small Business Body Washington Wher ry RNebr told the senate re publican policy committee Mon day he is going to make a new move to revive the senates spe cial small business committee The committee died January 31 but Senator Taft ROhio said Wherry told the policy group he will offer a resolution to set it up again A similar resolution by Senator M u r r a y DMont has been shelved by the senate banking committee A democratic caucus failed to reach any agreement on the proposal Taft predicted that most repub licans would support a move by Wherry to have his resolution as signed to the senate rules com mittee instead of the banking group Taft said there are contentions that the banking committee which has set up its own small business group is prejudiced against forming a new special unit AP Wlrephoto MARSHALL ON THE Secretary of State General George C Marshall poses with Mrs Marshall dur ing an interview in San Juan Puerto Rico where he Avas vacationing while recuperating from a recent kidney opera tion The Marshalls were guests of Rear Admiral Daniel E Barbey commandant of the 10th naval district The Mar shalls returned to Washington Monday Norwegian Foreign Minister Here for EastWest Parleys Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness Monday night warmer Low Monday night about 10 above Light snow late Monday night and Tuesday morning Clearing snd colder Tuesday afternoon and night High Tuesday 15 to 20 Iowa Increasing cloudiness and warmer Monday night with light snow over most of state by Tuesday morning Tuesday clearing and colder west and light snow east Low Monday night 1520 Minnesota Cloudy light snow Monday night diminishing to snow flurries Tuesday Not so cold east and extreme south portions Monday night turning i colder again Tuesday and in northwest portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 24 Minimum 9 At 8 a m Sunday 9 YEAR AGO Maximum 15 Minimum 4 below GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning St Ansgar Man May Go to Tax Group Des Moines farmers reportedly were under considera tion Monday by Gov William S Beardsley as appointees to fill the state tax commission created by the resignation of H A Tex Grantham effective March 1 They are Harold McKinley St Ansgar and Fred W Nelson Ne vada Nelson is a former chairman of the commission McKinley was head of the Iowa farm committee for Thomas E Dewey in the gen eral election campaign In the campaign Beardsley said he believed one of the 3 members of the commission should be a farmer Nelsons term on the commission expired June 30 1945 Former Gov Robert D Blue appointed George E Gill RSibley to suc ceed him Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 12 8 0 22 18 Report Armistice Agreement Near Tel Aviv office sources reported Monday that Is raeli and Egyptian negotiators at Rhodes were near an agreement on terms for an armistice which would promise long term peace in Palestine Foreign office quarters predicted an agreement at Rhodes within a few days Usurtlly reliable sources said the Egyptians had eased consider ably their demands on Israel since the negotiations began and an armistice was in sight Says Meat Loss From Storms Will Not Be Noticed for 6 Months Ames losses from westernstate blizzards will not be noticed in the nations meat sup plies for at least 6 and perhaps 18 months an Iowa State college ex tension expert said Monday But Iowa farmers wishing to buy feeders in the spring will find shorter supplies and higher prices Rex Beresford said The actual effect of the storm is largely a guess until the losses can be counted he added Want Vote on Filibuster Rule Change Washington repub licans made it party policy Mon day to press for an immediate senate voteon changing the rules so as to curb filibusters Chairman Taft ROhio an nounced the GOP policy commit tee had agreed to back a motion by Senator Knowland RCal aimed at that Knowlands motion was to come up in the senate later in the day Democrats already had agreed unanimously to oppose Know lands move With a 54 to 42 edge over the republicans they were certain of defeating the motion Craft Gets 10 Year Sentence for Robbery Waverlyi Fred Dutph Craft 34 Waverly Monday was under a 10year prison sentence after pleading guilty to a charge of breaking and entering when ar raigned before District Judge T A Beardmore Craft was arrested in Waterloo last Jan 27 the day after he par ticipated in a gunbattle with Mar shal G B Luck at Nashua Awaiting court action at New Hampton is Roland Peters 29 New Hampton Peters is held in con nection with a series of northeasl Iowa burglaries and officers say he and Craft worked together Craft was taken to Fort Madison penitentiary over the weekend Cardinal Mindszenty Awaits Decision on Treason Trial Budapest Hungary Cardinal Mindszenty the 56year old leader of Hungarys 7000000 Catholics Monday awaited the verdict of a peoples court on charges of treason against the communistdominated govern ment Presiding Judge Vilmos Olthys and 4 layjurists who heard the dramatic 3day trial of Cardinal Mindszenty and 6 others accused with him are to hand down their judgment Tuesday at 9 a m 2 a m CST If found guilty the card inal faces possible death by hang ing The Hungarian communist press strongly denounced the cardinal as the court weighed its verdict The official communist newspaper Szabad Nep termed the trial a de feat for the west in the cold war Wretched Worm The paper described the cardinal as a wretched worm a scoundrel who abandoned his principles and aims and is scared only for his miserable life Prominent Hungaiian Catholics meanwhile voiced skepticism about the whole proceedings A group of important and fer vent Catholics said they were simply unwilling to acknowledge that Cardinal Mindszenty was any thing other than a very strong de fender of his faith Whatever the verdict Cardina Mindszenty or his lawyer may ap peal within 3 days If there is an appeal the papers are forwarded immediately to an appeals court which must return its verdic within a week Mockery Catholics throughout the world of the iron nounced the trial as a mockery o justice at Sunday mass services Sunday Francis Cardinal Spellman archbishop of New York said a St Patricks cathedral in New York If this be deny allegiance to an atheistic commu nist thank Goc Cardinal Mindszenty confessed to would this free land of America were ever con quered by the demoniac peopl now using every foul means to overthrow our republic The Vatican radio said Worlc opinion has already issued it sentence on the trial The broad cast said Cardinal Mindszentj opposed having the darkness o materialism and atheism cover Washington for eign minister turned to the state department Monday for the U S side of the Should he back he Russian or the American plan or guarding his country against aggression Secretary of State Acheson was expected to urge him in effectto line up with the United States Canada and western Europe in a firm North Atlantic alliance The Norwegian diplomat Hal Billion in Saving Predicted Former President Says No Agencies Should Be Exempt Washington Hoo ver Monday predicted taxpayer savings of through government reorganization plans if what he called propagandists1 are blocked in drives to exempt some agencies The former president previously told the senate expenditures com mittee that these propagandists are inside and outside the gov ernment Hoover specifically ferred to a proposal to merge the U S army engineers into a civil ian works agency He added that it would be a disaster to exempt any agency He said such he labeled grasshopper had mostly killed past reorganiza tion plans Sends Report Shortly before Hoover testified the governmental reorganization commission which he heads sent congress a report calling for broad new powers for the president over his official family The report first of a series was based on a 16month study of means to streamline the govern ment It proposed a vast reshuf fling which would squeeze 65 agencies into a tight group that size all under firm control of the president The house meanwhile appeared ready to approve a bill giving President Truman broad authority to reorganize almost all of the executive departments Reporting to congress on its 16 month search for ways to stream line the government the group headed by former President Her bert Hoover urged giving the pres ident broad new powers over his official it said are vard M Lange arrived here Sun day amid mounting concern in his country over a sudden offer by Russia to conclude a nonaggres sion pact with the Norwegian gov ernment Present Facts U S officials doubted in ad vance that Acheson would offer any specific advice on the course Norway should adopt toward this Russian move They saw the sec retarys job as making it clear by presenting facts that Norway could best protect its interests by rejecting Russias offer Acheson and the American gov ernment were reported ready to assure Lange that no bases will be required on Norwegian soil if Norway decides to join the North Atlantic defense arrangement Stirs Anxiety Russias apparent unwillingness to accept Norways assurance that it does not contemplate offering such bases has stirred anxiety in Norwegian government circles The soviet government has de nounced the formation of the North Atlantic alliance and re peatedly claimed it in effect rep resents an aggresive move not in keeping with the United Nations American government officials promptly labeled Russias offer of a nonaggression pact a nonetoo subtle effort by Moscow to fright en the Norwegians into staying out of the North Atlantic alliance Note to AbsentMinded New Hampton Resident Des Moines to the New Hampton resident who sent some money and 5 neatlyfolded pieces of stationery to the state income tax You forgot to write anything on the stationery including your name and the state tax commis sion cant credit you for paying your taxes The commission declined to dis close the amount of money in the envelope It is afraid it may ceive a flood of claims from peo ple who forgot Postoffice Robbed Loot Is Wichita Kans Three bandits robbed the North Wichita branch postoffice Monday and es caped with postal notes and money orders amounting to about 000 Robert L Davis supervisor of the station said 3 men followed him for about a block on his way to work and forced him into a back room of the postoffice where the safe is located Davis said the men forced him to open the safe which contained the postal and money orders needed in the present critical state of world affairs It said that under the present setup authority is diffused lines of authorityare confused staff services Pyramid Proposed To remedy that the commission proposed a government pyramid based on the 2000000 federal em ployes and building up to a score of toplevel agencies directly under the of the 65 which now report to him if they report to anyone At the head of this chain of command the president would be fortified with new staff officials a powerful managerial arm in an expanded budget office much wider powers to reorganize gov ernment offices and authority to name many officials without the senates approval 5 Killed as Train Hits Car Wreck Occurs Near Station at Onawa Onawa persons were killed Sunday night in the colli sion of an automobile and a Chi cagobound North Western pas senger train here The dead were Clarence Dahl about 25 a farm er living near Whiting 8 miles north of here Mrs Kathleen Dahl 23 wife of Clarence Their 2 children Dickie 4 and Dennis 2 Phyllis Dahl 18 a sister of Dahl Monona County Coroner A S Anderson said it appeared that Phyllis Dahl was driving the car Station Agent C F Freyer said the train was traveling at a slow speed when the crash occurred as it was preparing to stop at the Onawa station The tragedy took place 4 blocks from the station Freyer said the train was de layed an hour and 25 minutes by the crash The slowgrowing yew tree Is found so often in England be cause it was once the prized wood used in making bows SAME mcani traffic ta 84 V ;