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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 7, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HI8TOSY AND ARCHIVES DE3 I A IVIASOV CITY IOWA THUESDAY FEBKUARV 7 19ii This Paper Consfata of Two ScctionsB NAVY REVEALS BLUEPRINT FOR POSTWAR FLEET Allot Biggest Force to Pacific 143 Ships Mustered to Atlantic Washington navy re vealed Thursday its postwar blue print for the nations first line oE fleet of 319 fighting snips fit for instant action and ready to launch a sky armada of 3627 planes The bieeest force would be allo cated to the Pacific where a com bat force of 176 warships is planned The Atlantic detachment would muster 143 menofwar Behind these main operating forces would be two formidable reserve fleets in standby condi tion ready to be mobilized swiftly should changing world conditions necessitate reinforcements The Pacific and Atlantic FL fleets will be subdivided into half a dozen or more units active ready reserve laidup fleets each with numerical designations The program including the se lection of specific ships for active duty was outlined in the annual report of Secretary of the Navy Forrestal to President Truman Its effective date was set for comple tion demobilization next fall Here are the navy plans for the postwar fleets carriers 9 es cort carriers 2 45000 ton battle ships 20 cruisers 81 destroyers 16 destroyer escorts 39 subma rines In ready car riers 3 35005 ton battleships8 cruisers 18 destroyers carriers4 escort carriers 2 45000 ton bat tleships 8 cruisers 54 destroyers 20 destroyer escorts 51 subma rines In ready car riers 3 35000 ton battleships 10 cruisers 22 destroyers 4 destroy er escorts The carrier force in the 2 fleets includes 3 of the new giant 45 Assigned to the Pa one House Approves Case Bill by 258155 Vote cific is the Coral Sea to the At lantic the Midway anci the Frank lin D Roosevelt BATTER BROKEN SHIPBattered by wuvs broke her in 2 pieces the passenger liner Yukon sits on the rocks near Seward Alaska Wednesday after all the passengers and most of the crew weretaken off A engr rephoto from US army air corps K and rescuers acl found f I6ERHOSES FINAL APPEAL MacArthur Seals Fate of General Yamashita Tokyo Gen Tomoyuki Yamashita the only haughty Ti ger of Malay a must die on the gallows for his responsibility in the atrocity deaths of 60000 Americans and Filipinos in the Philippines His last avenue of possible es cape from the penalty imposed by a II S military commission in Manila was closed Thursday when Gen Douglas MacArthur affirmed his conviction and sentence Mac Arthurs finding was final The supreme allied commander directed the commanding general the western Pacific army forces to execute the judgment Headquarters spokesmen said they did not expect any further delay in carrying out the sentence and believed Lt Gen W D Styer western Pacific commander would set the hanging date shortly A dispatch from Manila said that ivestern Pacific headquarters already had announced that news men would be banned from wit nessing the execution The an nouncement gave no further de tails Yamashita first major Japanese war criminal to be tried was con victed by the commission last Dec 7 for condoning the murder tor ture and rape of Filipinos and al lied civilians from the nearby shore When mercy craft unloaded their last group of survivors at Seward and a count was made the coast guard said 465 had been carried to saf ety small craft me 3d had removed the last of the broken vessel and Farm Equipment Head Says Fanners Spring Demand Canf Be Met Chicago W Phelpsr president of the Oliver corporation farm equipment manufacturers predicts that the strikeharassed firm cannot hope to meet the de farm equipment by labor disputes and material shortages in 6 of the firms plants Phelps said Wednes a news conference that e immediate resumption 01 full production would not en able the corporation to meet the spring demand estimated our business at 560000000 for the first 12 months of continuous production But we cant hope to reach that with all these interruptions he declared A walkout of 1650 members of the CIO United Farm Equipment and Metal Workers union at the Charles City Iowa plant Tuesday Phelps reported boosted Hrtotal ofOliver employes on strike to for spring Reporting day at wen the J around 3400 The passengers and crew ac cording to lists announced by the Alaska Steamship company and the army numbered 497 The coast guard report from Se ward said it was not known a yet whether all the crewmen an passengers listed actually had bee aboard when the Yukon sailet Sunday night from Seward hours before she ran agroundo the storm beaten rocks in John stone Bay The cutter Onondaga its ere dead tired after more than 48 hour of battle with the sea and snow and wind messaged late Wednes day that all survivors had beei rescued and the Yukon abandoned There had been reports from res cued passengers and crewmen tha casualties had been seen but nor of these could be verified Truman Plan Labor Policy in Few Days Washington Tru man Thursday forecast a remedy for the big strikes in a day or two Government officials handling price problems simultaneously jumped predictions on the coming steel price increase to around S525 a ton These were the developments on the labor front 1 jr Truman fold his n conference the imminent new for mula will not be a completely new wageprice policy but rather one for meeting the situation the tion faces now 2 CIOs top strategy commit tee of striking union leaders met gave no word of its decisions President Philip Murray said the General Motors and Electrical getting along pretty good Murray pre pared to visit the president later in the day 3 Officials of two agencies not quotable by name told reporters it looked as if something like 25 or at least around So would be added to steel price ceilings to clear the way for a steel strike settlement This is twice OPAs original aim One official said there was still some strong Deling for 54 but a good chance now it will go higher MrTruman told questioners he thought the wageprice plan could be worked out in a few days but when asked if it was a big steel formula said he had not heard of that Pilot Sets Mark of 640 Miles an Hour Los Angeles Co John Herbst who shot down 21 Jap planes flew from the Los Angeles municipal airport to San Diego a dlStanie of U0 milesin 0 min utes 17 seconds for an average of sins AWAITS MURDER CHARGE In South Dakota Jail After Long Manhunt Dead wood S Dak UR George Sidney Sitts was in a heavily guarded cell in the Law rence county jail here Thursday awaiting arraignment on a charge of murdering 2 South Dakota peace officers The officers Special Agent Thomas IVIathews of the state bu reau of investigation and Butte county Sheriff Dave Malcolm were killed Jan 24 on a highway near Snearfisli S Dak The 32 year old St Paul Minn man was returned to Deadwood late Wednesday from Casper Wyo near where he was captured Tuesday night to climax one of the greatest manhunts in South Da kota history The capture also ended 17 days of freedomfor Sitts He spent most of the time in hiding in a Deadwood fruit cellar TRUMAN SEEKS AID TO FOREIGN FOOD SUPPLIES Says Meat Rationing May Be Returned to Prevent Starvation Washington Tru man said Thursday he would call for a return to meat rationing if it becomes necessary to prevent 10 to 15 million people from starving to death The president told his news con ference that he thought it would not be necessary to ration meat that he hoped not If however it becomes neces syy to keep from 10000000 to 13000000 people abroad Iron starving he continued he though the country ought to do it He explained that he was vitall concerned with the prospect o widespread staivation in wartor countries accentuated by losse of wheat crops in some countrie and other grains elsewhere He hopes he said that his whea conservation order Wednesda may make it possible to shi 6000000 tons of wheat abroa during the first 6 months of thi year Friends and allies during th war he said are not to blame fo their desperate situation It woul be unAmerican he added to per mit people in enemy countries t starve Canada Australia and othe countries with food surpluses ar beingasked to cooperate he said afldins he was confident that th American people cooperat fully by buying less In no event he said in Russia China Approve Site for UNCfpl AN Tfl London WRussi 3nrl TLHH IU UUND and China expressed their approval Thurs the Westchestei area of Connecticut and New York as permanent manent headquarters of the united na tions but France asked a long delay and a reconsideration of New York City as the interim site French Representative J Fou qucs DuPurc said in a continu ance of Wednesday nights debate the permanent headquarters that lhe should be postponed until Sep tember or next year Vn York u and the fact that it is the bggesl city in the United States might present problems if were the ilcrim site DuPur SalQ New York has a huge Jewish colony Suppose the Palestine question came up Do you really think we could debate it in law and order Do you think a ques t10 involving the United States could be discussed calmly and Discussing complaints from citi zens m the area recommended as headquarters he said he won dered whether we are doing our part m the united nations in cre ating some new kind of displaced persons in the United States it states slide for a time if hat would help solve the present difficulty American delegates said New York probably would become temporary headquarters as mat ters stood Since the united na tions will be in temporary quar ters 3 to 5 years it was suggested that the choice of the permanent site might profitably be put aside for many months However the delegation re mains officially neutral Chief opponent of the inspection committees recommendations at Wednesday nights meeting was Australian Delegate W R Hodg son who charged that the inspec tion committee didnt do their job and proposed that the selec tion of the site be until Sep STRIKES GOES BEFORE SENATE Foes Predict Rough Sledding in Upper House for Measure whoT W The house ored the idea of States should be consiS 55 the of a site to ered ZIy Hodgson referring to the Greenwich Stamford Westches ter area recommended by the in spection committee declared They dont want us we got no invitation He and 3 companions escaped f from Minneapolis city jail Jan Sitts was to begin serving a life sentence the nest day for the slaying of a Minneapolis liquor store clerk Of the 4 only Marcus Sherburne 24 is still at large to a question will the people o enemy countries be allowed a richer diet than those of alliec countries What this country is trying ti do he said is take care of its allies first The cuts in American consump tion will take these forms 1 Millers will he required to convert a larger portion of each bushel of wheat into flour This flour will be dark in color less tasty and less suitable for cakes pies and other pastries But it will take fewer bushels of wheat to meet American bread and pastry needs 2 The use of wheat in making whisky and beer will be forbidden Also the use of other grains for these beverages will be reduced There was no immediate indica tion what effect this will have on current supplies 3 Fanners will be asked to feed less wheat and other grains to livestock Mr Truman directed the agriculture department to de velop programs designed to pare down livestock production until gram supplies become plentiful again GEORGE srrrs UNO Studies Red Charges on Indonesia passed with the solution of the RussianBritish dispute over Greece moved on Thursday to consideration of the soviet Uk raine charge that British troops the esla were endangering High officials said privately that this controversy might be an even tougher diplomatic nut to i ian allegation that the British were jeopardizing world security by maintaining forces in Grece council was called into session at5p m 11 raCST and the first item on agenda was the Ukrainian complaint which followed closely the wording of the soviet unions complaint on the Greek situation In the background of the Indo nesian controversy however was the soviet unions policy calling tor tK independence colonial peoples Opponents of British ac aon m Java have charged that British forces were being used to Keep tile Indonesians under Dutch domination The British on the other hand have insisted that their forces vere in Indonesia on the orders of the allied combined chiefs ot staff and that their only purpose vas to preserve order while Jap anese troops were removed and Hied internes and var were rescued prisoners of TRUMAN GIVES PAULEY SUPPORT Says Ickes Had Not Revealed Accusations Washington resident Truman said flatly Thursday he will not withdraw Edwin Pauless nomination as navy un dersecretary The president said that Interior Secretary Harold L Ickes had not ulalr consulted him m advance con man N J O Makin of Australia ccrnmfr hs testimony criticizinc The statement merely sairi thnt Despite the difficulties of the ndonesian case the council faced t with one distinct advantage and that was the experience they had ssined in settling the Greek dispute without splitting the unity f the biff powers The Russians yielded on every ajor charge against Britain as he council resolved the Greek nsis Wednesday night Andrei soviet vice commissar I foreign affairs announced he yould not insist on a council tatement saying that British orces should be withdrawn from jreece immediately or that they vere endangering world peace as e had originally demanded Britisii Foreign Secretary Br est Bevm gave ground too in ot pressing for formal council ae on to exonerate Britain of the harge In earlier debate he had emanded a Cat yes or no ver uiu u and seek settlements of strife curb labor HEIR TO A S Leve kilsTU the Duke of Sutherland and al an heir to a vast British fortune has started a new business of his own at Slough England A chimney sweep he is shown above with his tricycle cart Pauley but that he did not be lieve this would chanue his rela tionship wilh Ickes He told a news conference he was backing Mr Pauley and thought he was an honest man and a very capable administrator who did a magnificent job as rep arations administrator Ickes can very well be mistaken as well as the rest of us Mr Tru man added STRIKES AT A GLANCE BT TIIE ASSOCIATED PRESS les keep dle of emergency declared in New York City ISUreS aimen fn j pickets slain3 militia wounded in shooting on president re New G S I JS Noble 86 president of the New a P80 Jet plane ay m dav strike of about 400 York Stock h than docked in level fligh ipromes to iict Under a compromise worked ut by U S council member Ed rard R Stettinius Jr in secret egotiations the case was closed a simple statement by Chair 3M J O Makin of Australia statement merely said that the council took note of the charge and denial and of declarations made by other members the council and Greece terming the charge unfounded Reveal Hess Flew to England to Unseat Churchill Cabinet German Leader Offered Peace Plan to Give Nazis European Control HOMMA WANTS TRIAL STOPPED Washington Gen Masa naru Homma Japanese war leader charged with condoning the Ba taan death march Thursday asked the supreme court to halt his trial before an American military com mission in Manila Homma also asfced the high tribunal by airmail that he be Jaken ont of the hands of the mili tary and that the supreme court review a refusal by the Philippine supreme court to grant him a writ of habeas corpus In Manila meanwhile General Hommas trial continued and Thursday he was described by his wiie as so gentle that he shunned hunting as ii snort Nuernberc The British government disclosed to the in ternational military tribunal Thursday that Rudolf Hess Hew to Scotland in 1941 with proposals to unseat the Churchill govern ment and make peace with a new cabinet which would assure the nazis a free hand in Europe Hess a scarecrow figure in a 2nd hand suit clutched his hands on the prisoners dock rail as a British army officer demanded his punishment as one of the 22 nazi defendants here Opening the individual prosecu tion case against the former No 3 nazi the British presented reports of interrogations ot Hess that were recorded after he parachuted on to a farm near Glasgow May 10 1941 In these reports Hess de clared he had come to convince the Britons that Hitler would sincerely regret the collapse of the British empire and that they should make peace before it was too late To Ivone A Kirkpalrick British foreign office foreign representa tive who was sent to identify him Hess outlined the following peace terms I Germany should he given a free hand in Europe 2 Ensland should have a free hand in the British empire except German colonies should be returned to Germany 3 Russia should be included in Asia but Germany had certain demands to make of Russia which would have to be satisfied either by negotiation or as a result of war There was however no truth in rumors that the fuehrer contemplated an early attack on Russia The nazis attacked Hus have to contain a provision for re ciprocal indemnification of Brit ish and German nationals whose property had ieen expropriated as a result of the war 6 The proposal could only be considered on the understanding that it was negotiated by Ger many with an English government other than the present British government Mr Churchill who had planned war since 193G and his colleagues who had lent them selves to his war policy were not persons with whom the fuehrer would negotiate sia on June 22 1941 4 The British shoal Iraq shonld evacuate Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Increasing cloudiness and warmer Thursday with lowest about 20 Friday cloudy and windy uith light snow becoming colder in after Final action came on a roll call vote sending the farreaching strike control legislation to the senate There its foes predict it will meet louirh sleddinjr Just before the conclusive bal lot members shouted down a mo tion by Rev Baldwin Ii N Y to send the bill back to the labor committee for further study The breakdown on the final vote on the bill was republicans 109 dem ocrats democrats 32 republicans and 2 minor party members The measure by Hep Case R S won tentative approval late Wednesday by a 197 to US standing count The Case proposal as it now stands would 1 Create a federal mediation board with authority to step into major labor disputes and forbid strikes or lockouts for 30 days while it sought to solve them 2 Permit ivide use of court In junctions in enforcing the cooling off period preventing violence or insuring movement of perishable goods 3 Provide for civil suits aealnst eiloCT labor or management for breaking contract 4 Outlaw violence in picketing by either side Violators would pe subject to court injunctions and to loss of their bargaining powers 5 Ban boycotts used to force disputants to come to terms Spon sors said this would prevent many JUnsdictional controversies Vio lators would face loss of their bargaining powers 6 Deny employe status to unions ot supervisory workers unless tney d0 manual productive labor Cases backers a powerful coalition of republicans and south ern clearly in control of the voting on more than a score of suggested modifications and substitutes close friends of organized the wnnw UrlyThey it would strip workers of their rights and promote industrial discord PEACEHJLSfRlKE AT CHARLES CITY Charles the 2nd day Wednesday of the Oliver strike nere gone the union was round mg out a picketing system Thurs day and according to its announce ment getting ready for a strike of indefinite duration At the end of he 2nd day all was carried out in orderly and well disciplined shape by pickets and no violence had taken place With a 4hour shift for all LI mi i jui ill I pickets and safely indoors from the inclement weather of Wednes day and Tuesday night in brooder nouses from nearby farming ter ritory and many oil stoves the pickets have little to do Sand wiches and coffee are being served continuously to the pickets at the Plant and to those at the union nail in the Ellis building down town At a mass meeting various com mittees were set up A report of the negotiations were read to the rank and file by a union executive Thursday night Friday cloudy with occasional light snow north portion warmer east por tion and becoming colder west portion Minnesota Cloudy and warmer Jtth occasional light snow Thursday night Friday light snow Colder west and north portions in afternoon Decidedly colder Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Thursday Precipitation 34 Plus 1 Plus 4 OS t 5 The peace agreement would YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 31 21 union officials Marriage Confuses Familys Relation Slanbcrry Mo Dana Miller of Stanberry married her stepfathers younger brother and threw the family into confusion bhe became her mothers sister inlaw and her husband is now nts brothers soninlaw and his sistermlaws soninlaw Nurses Take Exams DCS Jtoincs Iowa Board of purse examiners com pleted giving examinations to 374 graduate or neargraduate nurses from over the stale Wednesday About GOO took the last previous examination given semiannually in September ;