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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 7, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF RY AMD AflCHIViS I A THE NCWSrAfER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION irnnrj VOL LI Avodited and United ruu lima Vivo Gents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUAKY 7 1945 Paper Qpmiato of Two NO m INSIDE WASHINGTON Turn to Hove Fun in France By HELEN ESSAKY Central Prei Celnmnist meanttobe bright ideas which follow are more than usually personal You must not hold the sometimes way management responsible for any the following opinions Here goes Of course it is shocking to learn that many United States soldiers AWOL are bootlegging gas and other things in Paris But I am not too horrified at the revelation Indeed it slightly warms my Yankee heart to see the French traders outdone at their own game Before the war many American civilians went to Paris AWOL They went to have the fun the freedom and the anony mity they couldnt have at home It was not always the pursuit of culture that sent wives to France on tours and held hus bands there alter the art galleries had been inspected and business transactions had been completed Those lighthearted prewar Americans had to pay well for the relaxation of feeling slightly naughty AWOL so to speak from their own straighter laced com munities But now the sabot is on the other foot The United States soldier AWOL in flesh and spirit is on the loosS in the France he helped free He is the conqueror with purse and gunpowder I understand that under his riotous rule even the French taxi driver has become chastened In the old days the French taxi driver made giddy and gullible Americans cringe as he spat in sults at the smallness of the I pourboire ll The last taxi driver I had in If Paris in prewar Paris set me out a block and a half beyond my hotel He said it was good for the Americans to walk And walk back I did Many conscientious French of ficials were troubled by the tude toward foreigners shown by taxi drivers small merchants and hotel people They organized edu cational campaigns to stop such banditry But the banditry went on until the war engulfed all The taxi drivers are meek now travelers tell me They obey di rections without eyen a shrug p theshoulder In their change in manner they show thechange in the international at tit xvde France It is a sad spectacle to watch the Washington pack turnon an abouttbrbe discredited man in public life It is not arecent dis covery that Henry Wallace ha the qualities of an idealist dreamer a mystic He ha been known to have these quali ties ever since he came to Wash ington as secretary of agriculture Extraordinary qualities man people used to say But not exact ly vicious Now being a mystic an idealis and a dreamer are enough to han a man officially This sudde change in appraisal is not the re suit of a change in Henry Wallace It is the result of a hunch tha Wallace is about finished as a hig official So lets give him a goo push and help him on his way Give Wallace command eithe of the RFC or the secretaryshi of commerce Well at lea not the RFC And hell have to wait another month before the senate votes on the commerce appointment the job probably separated from the lend ing agencies The Saltonstalls are the new vogue in Washington He came from the Massachusetts governor ship to the senate on Jan 20 Attractive intelligent people both of them They have dignity and brains and arevery agreeable to have about the place v a The friends of Sen Arthur Van dcnberg are pointing to the spec tacular success of his recent inter national pronouncement Lets win both the and the peace and urging him to get ready to run i for president on the republican ticket in 1948 The senator from Michigan had a Ding at the presidential nom ination in 1940 But it wasnt a serious fling The time is ripe now his friends advise for you to pul your mind on a white house can didacy and work earnestly towarc that goal BROADEN ODER BRIDGEHEADS 3rd Army Invades Germany on 22 Mile Front TROOPS ACROSS OUR SURE RIVERS Yanks Now Hold 120 Mile Reich Front From Holland South BULLETIN Paris of up o a mile were registered against the gen erally strong Our river positions f the enemy Wednesday at 10 new ver crossings into Germany Paris divisions of the American third army invaded ermany anew on a 22mile front Wednesday storming across the ur and Sure rivers between an lent Echternach and a point in orthern Luxembourg five miles ortheast of Clervaux Lt Gen George S Fattons hocktroops crossed the rivers by oat and bridge at seven points nd attacked the Siegfried line ntense small arms fire from the ortlfications was encountered but early artillery reaction was light The fresh invasion gave Gen Sisenhowers armies a virtually ontinuous 120 mile front in west rn Germany between Holland nd the industrial German city of iaarlautern In the north the U S ninth and British second armies are sast 35 miles of the Siegfried line he U S first and third armies are at or through the first west wall fortifications on a 57 mile sector from the upper Roer near Schmidt to Echternach Initial sains pot Pattons men a lalf mile Inside Germany and L mo nr pillboxes pt the Siegfried 1 The new third army invasion of Germany started in the cold darkness before dawn The sixth armored 17th airborne fifth and 30th infantry divisions were used in the drive Farther north in the area where the third army had bored clear through the Siegfried line foot troops advanced a mile and a quarter to within three miles of Pruem major enemy supply and transit base The first army Army Navy Pressfor Manpower Bill Washington navy and war manpower commission turned the heat on the senate military affairs committee Wed nesday for work or else legis lation Secretary of the Navy James V Forresla Undersecretary Ralph Bard and War Manpower Com missioner Paul V McNutt were scheduled to appear before the committee to urge quick passage of a houseapproved bill to make males rom 18 to 45 subject to draft for essential civilian jobs They were expected to add their voices to strong arguments for the bill presented Tuesday by Secretary of War Henry L Stim son and Undersecretary Robert P Patterson Despite intense administration pressure for earliest possible en actment of the measure the com mittee was falling behind sched ule It was suggested in reliable third to stiffened the north opposition flanking the encountered in the last congressional circles that the committee a majority of which has long been opposed to labor compulsion w a s hoping that a German collapse or some major war success would come in time to eliminate the need for such legislation In support of this theory it was pointed out that the committee on Monday set up a schedule of hear ing both army and navy witnesses on Tuesday and sweeping rapidly through the remainder of a se lect list in about a week Each witness was supposed to be lim ited to 30 minutes Stirnspn and Patterson were prepared to stay within their time limits at Tuesdays first execu tive session So were Forrestal and Bard who had appeared ready to testify r But the speedup1 schedule quickly went awry Stimson and Patterson each were In the wit ness chair for 2 hours Forrestal and Bard cooled their heels Committee Chairman Elbert D Thomas D Utah readily attrib uted the disrupted schedule to cross examination by committee members There was no indication that questioning brought out anything beyond the arguments both Stim son and Patterson presented in HINT GERMANS PLAN CHANGES IN GOVERNMENT Hitler Would Become President With Von Papen as Chancellor Stockholm Stockholm newspaper Af tonbladet said Wednesday it believed that a re organization of the German gov ernment under which Hitler would give up the title of fuehrer to become the reichs president with Franz von Papen as chan cellor was imminent Its information was attributed o rumors in Berlin which reached German circles here Von Papen an ace of the Ger man diplomatic service was am bassador to Turkey when Ankara broke relations with Berlin last Aug 2 The report had the earmarks of a German trial balloon designed to sound out allied reaction to whether such a revamped govern ment would have any chance of suing for armistice terms It came while President Roose velt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin were reportedly in conference with war problems in JAP RULES POSTED FOR INTERNEES AT SANTO TOMAS signs one written in Japanese and the other in English listing the rules and regulations imposed by the Japanese commanderinchief are posted outside the Santo Tomas internment camp in Manila P I This photo was taken by a Japanese serviceman and found in a Jap barracks after capture of Tacloban Leyte Costume Jewelers Accused of Using Black Market Tin half mile of the eastern belt of the last known Siegfried line for tifications The 2nd and 99th di vision won control of two thirds of Hellenthal three miles south of Schleiden and fought for the re mainder Other of Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges men fought within a half mile or so of Schleiden Gemuend and bolt positions at he extreme eastern edge of the double belt of fixed fortifications Americans and Frenchmen swiftly beat down the German holdings south of Strasbourg capturing numerous Alsatian owris and running their prisoner oll since Jai 20 to more than 10000 The ce imposing and hreatening mar pocket had been split irf wo The western segment in the Vosges was less than 50 square miles The eastern part of the pockel was compressed against the Rhine below Neufbrisach the old moated Rhine fortress which supreme headquarters said had finally been cleared The western ap proaches to the Rhine bridges to Breisach were captured Steady drizzles and continued thaws limited visibility on the front Maj Gen Leroy S Irwins 5th Red Diamond division crossed the Sure river into Germany in rub ber boats and wooden assault craft and on a footbridge at 3 points along a 5 mile stretch just north of Echternach and Bollcn dorf Elements using a footbridge just north of Eccternach shoved substantial forces over the river within a few minutes of the zero hour 1 a m The men went over the top withont artillery prep aration in order to gain maxi prepared statements Their ar gument was briefly that passage of the measure would have an im mediate uplifting effect on mor ale of front line troops and ulti mately needed would step up much combat replacements as well as critical war production Patterson declared that voluntary recruitment of war workers has failed Pacific Veteran Speaks Gets Inheritance Spokane Wash Jo seph A Foster Santa Barbara Cal wounded veteran of the south Pacific and patient at an army hospital here found it prof itable to appear on a military pro gram An attorney who had been try ing to locate a relative of the late Joseph A Foster of Okanogan Vash heard him speak Private Foster found he was his ousins heir The inheritance in ludes a home 3 automobiles S3 100 in cash and some war bonds eluding Germanys fate Aftonbladet which in the early stages of the war had a strongly proGerman attitude said Hitlers reason for such a change was that he is no longer able to manage both the matters of state and war leadership By becoming thepresident of the post Hitlerwould a favor able basis for taking up interna tional negotiations the paper said According to the report Dr Hjalmar Schacht former president the reichsbank would become economic and finance minister and Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch former commander in chief of the army would become minister of war Brauchitsch is one of the Ger man generals reported at various times to have been executed in the blood purge following the as sassination attempt on Hitler last July The newspaper said Schacht was released from prison a few days ago after being under arrest since last July 24 Theobjective of these meas ures would naturally be to set up the first condition for taking up armistice negotiations and at the same time to pave the way for reconciliation with inner opposi tion elements Aftonbladeb said General Mac Arthur Comes Back to Manila SQUARE MILE Of BURNS Report Fires Dying Out in Most Parts Manila Douglas Mac Arthur returned for a brief time to Manila Wednesday fulfilling his pledge that he would return to the Philippine capital while a grim race developed between Americans trying to clean out the city and a trapped enemy bent on Monday night and on into day light Tuesday fed by exploding gasoline arid munitions dumps thatwent up with eartlshaking blasts r atop the lower of Santo Tomas university many of them Americans liberated from the Japanese only a few hours earlier were able to walch the course of the street battle all Blon day night by the light of burning buildings on all sides Santo Tom as itself was still untouched and its water pumps were working Blazing embers were showering down all over the district Grimfaced American infantry HOUSE PASSES Washington Charles R Robertson R N said Wednesday that makers of cos tume jewelry have not been crippled by a war production or der curtailing use of tin A personal investigation made at the request of North Dakota retailers indicated a few dealers flagrantly disregarded the or der he admitted The congressman said black market operations have been stopped by a WPB directive giv ing retailers until March 1 to sell costume jewelry containing tin Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy mum surprise It was this force which drove a half mile into the reich At 2 landings farthernorth the 5th division assault boats were swept by enfilading machinegun fire Some boats were riddled ant sunk others went through sub merged barbed wire to the Ger man shore Some men plungec into the swift running ice cole stream Some drowned other swam ashore Thaws had swollen the river to more than 80 fee wide Shortly after the 5th division invaded Germany American ar tillery opened up with a heavy barrage to smother Siegfried lin batteries and pillboxes The 80th Blue Ridge division GERMAN V WEAPONS London venge ance weapons feli on southern England between dawn Tuesday to 7 oclock Wednesday morning causing additional damage and casualties the British air ministry B29 FLEETS STAGE 2 RAIDS Strike Thailand IndoChina Installations Washington Separate fleets of Superfortresses lashed at Japanese military installations in Thailand and IndoChina Wed nesday Flying from India bases the B29s of Brig Gen Roger M Rameys 20th bomber command sprang the twin attacks in day light Additional details were not dis closed Possible targets were Bangkok capital of Thailand Saigon chief city of IndoChina and the fleet destroying it The American commander vis ited Santo Tomas internment camp while it was being shelled by the Japanese and left as one shell smacked into the earth with in a hundred feet of him The enemy artillery had bombarded the area intermittently through out Tuesday night and Wednes day wounding some soldiers Internees crowded around when MacArthur arrived before noon and cheered him lustily He was accompanied by his staff They alighted from their motor cars amid cheers of Theres MacAr and Hes back This historic moment had for a background the hitter fight for the burning city American artil lery began bombarding areas south of the Pasig river in an ef fort to drive out the Japanese who wantonly set fire to the city MacArthur said The enemy force was strongest in the south ern area and the American com mand resorted to the extreme measure of shelling they had hoped to when other efforts to rout out the enemy had failed There was no indication that Japanese demolition squads were ready to surrender their slender hold on that portion of the citys center lying south of the river Already they have wrecked about a square mile of the metropolitan district north of the Pasig men and Filipino guerrillas stalked the survivors of the Japanese garrison through the streets fin ishing them off with gun gren ade and bayonet Others were dy namiting buildings to create fire gaps that might check the flames The Japanese estimated at sev eral thousand faced 3 American divisions but they apparently were committed to a suicidal stand and there was little prospect of general surrender Every sniper and isolated pocket of resistance probably will have to be cleared out before Manila finally Is lib erated The Japanese still had a num ber of mortars and some artillery inside Manila and had antiair craft batteries operating around Nichols field to the south where units of the llth airborne divi sion ran into tough opposition as late as Monday night One Ameri can plane was shot down by en emy flak over Manila Monday Would Make Permanent Annual 1 Cent Levy Des Moines a day and a half of spirited debate the hquse Wednesday passed 83 to 21 a bill which would make perma nent the annual one cent a pound butterfat tax levied during the first 15 days of June for promo tion of Iowa dairy products The chief controversy was over whether the state should be given some control over the Iowa dairy industry comisision which would administer the act Among four amendments ap ANNOUNCE NEW GAINS SOUTH OF KUESTRIN Germans Report Further Advances in Silesian Area By The Associated Press German military spokesman declared Wednesday the Russians had set up a new bridgehead over the Oder south of Kuestrin and expanded an other foothold above Kuestrin and within some 35 miles of Ber lin The BerlinKuestrin railroad is under soviet artillery fire enemy broadcasts said Russian gains In the TransOder breach in Silesia were acknowledged and Berlin said the red army had won and than lost Pyritx 24 miles south east of Stettin in a push aimed at the Baltic coast The new bridgehead across the central Oder on the shortest route to Berlin was the 7th reported by le Germans The broadcast ermed it a small one but said It nables the Russians to shell the ailroad leading from the west to he fortress of Kuestrin with their icavy artillery The Germans said 12 soviet anks had smashed temporarily nto the center of Kuestrin itself 0 miles from Berlin The Soviets are assaulting heav ly along the entire east front rom Slovakia to East Prussia he Germans said In an NBC broadcast over Mos cow radio Robert Maiidoff was ermiUed to hint strongly thai Zhukov had crossed the Oder and was fighting on the approaches to Berlin After describing difficulties overcome in forcing Silesia he said thjse scenes will come assoon stoiy pjfhcOder fan iftl I how is to the words of Red is joing on in the fortified forelield of Berlin Moscow jclispalches said soviet reconnaissance flights over Ber in disclosed the entire eastern part of the capital appeared to be deserted and desolated In Silesia the Germans reported proved was one to make salaries of commission employes subject to the approval of the governor and state comptroller Another would provide for an annual audit by the state auditor The question of the constitu tionality of the bill was brought up numerous times and Rep Er nest T Smith R Volga City told attorneygenerals the house the office was of the opinion measure was constitutional the and Steinau Breslau 32 miles Konevs commanded by Maj Gen Horace L McBride attacked at 4 a m One crossing was effected swift ly on the Sure just southeast of Wallendorf 20 miles northeast of Luxembourg city Another was made on the Our just northwest of Wallendorf First reports gave no indication of the depths to which the Blue Ridgers penetrat ed Considerable forces however were put across the streams Farther north on the Our ele ments of the 17th airborne Gol den Eagle division commanded by Maj Gen William M Miley crossed the deep and swift run ning mountain stream 5 miles east of Clervaux The Our was 70 feet wide here Details of this opera tion were not available at 3rd army headquarters at midmorn ing Just north of the skytroopers armored infantry of the 6th ar mored division commanded by Maj Gen Robert W Grow crossed the Our at a point 5 miles northeast of Clervaux base at Camranh bay 200 miles northeast of Saigon Recent reports indicated that Japanese skittering from the be sieged Philippines have estab lished new army Saigon installations at MAYBE SHE LIED Brazil Ind fo history Feb 22 is George Wash ingtons birthday so when George Washington a Negro appeared before Judge Robert Burns Tues day and asked for a divorce from Martha Washington the judge thought Feb 22 would be an ap propriate date for the hearing Ghost Heckler Interrupts Broadcast by German Radio London ghost heckler consistently interrupted the Ger man overseas radios recital of war news Wednesday morning with demands End the with the nazi gang The German people want peace Talking for 10 minutes about the Big 3 conference the Ger man announcer was interrupted in every sentence Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Japanese demolition crews add ed new explosive tires to those already kindled on both banks of the Pasig and in other sectors of the city One appeared to center in Manilas Chinese hotel near the Escolta At least 3 other fires appeared to be burning south ot the river They were large but not widespread Damage south of the river is not Tt will become so unless the Yanks run down these demolition crews and liiccndiar tsts It was hard to tell whether the Japanese were destroying merely their own supplies and stores in concentrated sections of the city or trying to burn the city in re taliation for the American in vasion A mile square area was reported destroyed including all major buildings along the Escolta among them some of the orients finest theaters Associated Press Corres pondent Russel Brines reported a great black gash appeared to have burned in that section of the city north of the Pasig river The conflagration mushroomed from block to block throughout Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday Colder Wednesday night with lowest about 5 below Iowa Fair in svest and clearing in east Wednesday night Thursday generally fair Colder Wednes day night Rising temperature in northwest portion Thursday Fresh to strong winds diminish ing Wednesday night Minnesota Fair Wednesday night colder south and east portions Thursday increasing cloudiness Colder southeast and rising temperature west and north portions IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 31 Minimum Tuesday 21 At 8 a m Wednesday 21 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 40 Minimum 23 would defend the bill in court However the house approved a technical amendment aimed to prevent any lawsuits over con stitutionality of the measure The sharpest debate centered around an amendment offered by Rep H W Walter R Council who sought to limit the effectiveness of the bill to only the next two years That proposal was defeated 64 to 37 The but terfat tax program has been in ef fect since 1939 but has been re enacted every two years The bill passed Wednesday to make it per manent now goes to the senate Leading the battle for the meas ure in addition to Smith was Rep William Kruse R Charles City They argued that the bill was for the benefit of dairymen that the state was not being asked for any money and that since the program had been carried on to such an extent that it had proved successful it should be made per manent Opponents of the measure said its sponsors should not be afraid new gains by Marshal Ivan Konevs first Ukrainian army which had breached the Oder on a 50 mile front and plunged miles beyond the stream in a drive menacing Berlin from the flank ind the BerlinPrague defense xis The Germans have reported nu merous crossings of the Oder in the KuestrinFrankfuvt area cast of Berlin and farther southeast at northwest of breakthrough of state regulation that the bill was an opening wedge to more bureaus and that the farmer should not be taxed for sale of a product which he could not pro duce in sufficient quantity to meet the public demand Rep A H Avcry R Spencer brought into the debate the oleo margarine bulletin put out two yejirs ago by Iowa Stale college In its original form the pamphlet said oleomargarine compared fa vorably with butter from a nu trition standpoint Dairymert at tacked the bulletin and demanded that it be rewritten The revised pamphlet toned down some of the previous statements Avery declared that the dairy industry was responsible for the oleomargarine row He said we dont want a Frankenstein that will dictate to Iowa State college the contents of its pamphlets was southeast of Breslau Zhukov was hammering the KuestrinFrankfurt zone with a record concentration of artillery Moscow dispatches said He has not yet claimed a crossing Konevs flying columns sweep ing west of the Upper Oder fought close to the enemys remaining railroad and highway routes along the Silesian side of the old Ger manCzechoslovok frontier Other inits pressed toward the rail junc ion of Liegnitz on the way to Saxony Konev was 150 miles from Dres den and a pusli westward toward central Germany would imperil German plans for a stand in south ern Germany and Bohemia after Berlin is lost His troops in this broad crossing of the Oder were 180 miles southeast of Berlin Stalin announced Konevs feat in an order of the day Tuesday The Berlin broadcasts said the Soviets bridgehead in the Kues trin sector had been expanded despite fierce German resistance They pictured a desperate battle for Kueslrin itself saying the 12 red army tanks which penetrated temporarily into the center of the town were repulsed in battles in which citizens fought beside nazi soldiers Front dispatches to Moscow said fighting east of Berlin had increased in tempo and that red infantry had to push through a thick web of barbedwire en tanglements and a series of trenches covered by fire from por table steclturrcted pillboxes sunk in the earth Berlin also reported heavy Rus sian pressure in the Pyritz area 24 miles southeast of Stettin The Germans declared soviet blows in East Prussia were checked with the help of naval bombardment Konev who also had been the first to forge the Dnepr Bug and Vistula rivers was hampered by mudand slush from a thaw Finding the river unfrozen so viet vanguards crossed on make shift appliances Russian high command said and seized a series of bridgeheads along a 22 mile front Reinforcements moved into the bridgeheads under enemy fire ;