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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 7, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMf DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES IA VOL L Associated Press and United PrCis full Leased Wins Five Cents Copy I One Mans Opinion A Radte Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLU Uily Suudiy li43 B m KHMO Umnlbal P m KSCJ City 7Sli p m City Tbttn4ay p m WOL FrldtT p m Future World Boundaries AS 1 PROCEED in this commen tary to do a little speculating about the shapeof the world to world after this war arid its geographical 1 hope that nobody will gain the impression that I think thewar is almost won Were winning the war Thats true But theres still a long road anybody who thinks otherwise is living in a fools paradise Predictions of an early victory would have to bottom on an as sumption that Germany and Japan or zotac to fold I up by Internal collapse Thats something to be hoped for but jnot counted on It might happen I hone it does But realism com pels us loassume that our forces are to have to slue their way into both Berlin and Tokyo And on the basis of the opposi tion thus far encountered in North Africa in Sicily in Italy and in the southwestPacific we know that theres still plenty of fight in our axis enemies Even the spectacular achievements our Russian ally have not destroyed any considerable part of the Ger man wehrmacht Where once Hit lers hordes occupied Russian ter ritory roughly equivalent to a fifth of the United States they now hold Russian land not much if any greater than one of our larger states But their armiesare still intact Better I think it will be for us if we assume the get the best than lo count on a quick victory which may not come Its a truism that the best way to make it a short war is to prepare for a long war That obtains in the pres ent situation Such isthe starting point of this commentary UNPALATABLE though it be to our sensibilities I think we are going to have to accept the famounts almost to Bussif Mis8 tocpnMK6ut blthis war a giant among nations In the past her true stature has not been estab lished Under czars she was as the No 3 power of continental Europe eclipsed by both Germany and France and at least rivaled by Italy That isnt going to be her standing in post war Europe By her performance in Ibis war Russia has already changed the 1 battint order France and Italy I have fallen by the wayside Ger m many by all the tests has passed her zenith Each day sees Russia F emerging more and more the con It tinental Colossus SVhat will Russia do with her inewly won power On the answer fto that question rests the course of history for the next 100 years at least VinNSTOJJ C H UR C HIL L has stated in his picturesque way that he didnt accept his commis sion as prime minister to preside over the liquidation of his majes tys empire That sentiment has a pleasant sound to a Briton But there is muchin the situation to suggest that the postwar years will see a further disintegration of the British empire that once was For three centuries British di plomacy has been opposed to the existence of any one dominant power in continental Europe I doivl mean this to carry a critical connotation The plain fact is that Britains survival has been de pendent on a continental division of power She had to maintain such a balance of power as would enable her by alliance to prevent the advent of one allpowerful nation on the mainland In the present situation the sup porting pins are being knocked out from under that fundamental of British diplomacy Russia al lied with Britain in this war is achieving the very continental transcendency which London has sought down through her years as a great power to avoid RUSSIA has every inten tion of exercising her freshly gained influence in the nations which borderher has been rather conclusively proved Moscows re buke to Wendell Willkie was her way of telling America that she wanted no outside help in dealing with Poland Thissame story was put over to London through the medium of the faked story about reports that Britain was treating with Ger many for a negotiated peace That story was designed to stir fears in London that Moscow would feel justifiedherself in exploring the possibilities of a separate peace with Germany Most assuredly Britain wouldnt want that to hap pen Neither would we A MERICA too she wills it or herself in new role of world leadership And in meeting that responsibil ity the one most difficult prob lem is going to be working out a satisfactory relationship with Rus Tnrn to Ttft Z MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBKUAKY 1 1944 HOME EDITION mmri NO NAZI TANK REINFORCEMENTS IN out on flatcars is this trainload ot nazi tank as tjiey were transported toward the front in Italy to bolster German forces lacing the fcntish 8th army A U S army air force reconnaissance flyer took the photo ot the Mark III s mounted with assault guns east of Macerata f Yanks Regain Ground After Germans Attack Beachhead By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Algiers troops in the Anzid beachhead have repulsed a strong new German attack which broke through the allied perimeter 3 miles west of the vital road and rail REDS PLAN NEW POLISH STATE Would Be Independent of Exile Government strongly in timated Monday that she is plan ning to give her official blessing to the establishment of a now Polish state independent of the ex ile government in London as a basis for settling vexing Polish territorial problems in her own way This development coincided with a bitter soviet verbal attack on Bulgaria and a sharp air raid on the finnish capital of Helsinki events which were generally in terpreted here as warnings to those 2 countries to sever their connections with Germany The tipoff on Russia s intentions toward Poland came in a Moscow broadcast declaring Out as red of Cisterna and have restored their original positions it was an nounced Monday Cisterna is astride the Appian way and an electrified railway 26 miles southeast of Home and about 10 miles east of Carroceto where previous German counterblows were blunted The Germans began the new assault Saturday evening with in1 tantry tanks and artillery Ffeht night and the nazis SOLDIER VOTE DEBATE GOES ON Beat tiff Effort to Sidetrack Measure Washington adminis tration beat off a 2nd senate at tempt to sidetrack its federal bal lot bill Monday defeating an op position move to take up a states rights proposal which would leave almcd service voting to the PARAMUSHIRO HIT BY U S WARSHIPS invaders new democratic Pol and will arise and all conditions for friendly cooperation of the Ukrainian and Polish peoples will be created The broadcast added that the establishment ot a separate for eign office in the Ukrainian soviet republic would create stimulus for a friendly rapprochement of these states and may require con clusion of special agreements for strengthening these friendly con nections between them This statement hinting at pos sible future treaty negotiations gave added significance to action taken at Moscow last week ex tending to each of the 16 separate soviet republics the right lo handle their own foreign affairs California Democrats Pledged to Roosevelt San Francisco UP Califor nias 56 member delegation to the 1914 democratic national conven tion Monday pledged itself to support President Roosevelt for a 4th term party leaders announced after a conference were pushed back to the star tin j point with losses A Sunday dispatch from Dan iel DC Luce Associated Press cor respondent on the beachhead said the Americans were driven back about 500 yards Saturday night but recovered the ground The nazis reinforced along the beachhead perimeter to at least 4 divisions and an SS brigade by the arrival of the 715th infantry division from sputhern France made lesser attacks along the line Some German elements were shotted forming for another at tack against theBritish nortBqf CarrpeetOjbutrtheformation was accurate artillery 3CK1 of the enemy Grim housetohouse fighting continued in Cassino on the main 5th army front but the Americans battled up Mt Cassino just west of the town already nearly encir cled andreached a point within a few hundred yards of the fa mous Benedictine monastery at the crest Eighth army troops along the Adriatic drove into the villages of Pizzoferrato 24 miles northwest of Sanf Angelo and Montenero domo 4 miles south of Toriicella As fleets of fighters maintained patrols over the Anzio beach head medium bombers struck at railyards and a bridge at Ortc north of Rome and at Frascati near the capital while light bombers also lashed at com munications north and south of Home Medium bombers blasted shipping in Piombino harbor Thirteen allied planes failed to return and 10 nazi aircraft were destroy e d headquarters an nounced Willkie Will Enter Nebraska Primaries Salt Lake City Willkie 1940 republican presiden tial nominee said Monday lie would enter the Nebraska presi dential preference primary elec tion and possibly other primaries in the midwest because people say thatmypopularity there isnt as strong as I think it is Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tues day Lowest temperature Mon day night in Mason City 18 I o w a Partly cloudy to cloudy and colder with occasional light snow in west portion Monday night Tuesday cloudy with oc casional light snow little change in temperature MinneMla Cloudy with occasional lightsnow Monday night and Tuesday not so cold Monday night and Tuesday and colder Tucsday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 40 Minimum Sunday night 23 At 8 a m Monday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum jg Minimum 3 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 29 Minimum Saturday night 1 At 8 a m Sunday 5 YEAR AGO Maximum 39 Minimum g The motion was rejected 44 to 42 on a roll call The same move backed by a coalition of southern democrats md some republicans lost on a tie vote Friday and its sponsors said then they would try again The effect of the vote was to keep the senate at work on the fedeial ballot bill which it has been debating more than 2 weeks Had the motion carried the senate would have had to shunt WALLACE THINKS F R WILL RUN Suspects Roosevelt Will Seek 4th Term s San Presi dent Henry A Wallace Monday said I suspect President Roose velt will run for a 4th term after an address outlining a broad post war program As for am in the lap of the Gods the vice president said when newsmen asked whether he might become the presidents running mate again Wallace touring the west coast first parried queries about the possibility of the presidents seek ing a 4th term by quoting from his own Jackson dav address in which he said President Roosevelt has never denied the principles of the new deal and he will God willing give the new deal a Tinner found ation than ever before Wallaces expression on the possibility of the presidents seek ing reelection came shortly after California democratic party lead ers selected a slate of delegates pledged to the president on the May 16primary election ballot Kies Candidate for Auditor Nomination Moines J Kies Dubuque county auditor from 1924 to 1936 will be a candidate for state auditor in the democratic primaries June 5 Announcement of his candidacy was made Satur day by democratic state head quarters Kies who lives in Du buque retired from the state em ployment security commission last year after a 6year term aside the administration immediate consideration bill of for the states rights bill which the house has approved BURN 200 Buildings Hit 38 Dead in Russian Raid Stockholm still were burning in Helsinki at noon Mon day from 2 Russian bombings Sunday which hit 200 buildings and killed 38 persons the Finnish legation in Stockholm said The attacking bombers dropped mine bombs and incendiaries it was officially announced at the Left to Methodist Church Here It was revealed from the pulpit of the First Methodist church at the regular morning service Sun day that the late Miss Gertrude Decker 61 year old prominent Mason Cityan who died January 29 bequeathed 550000 to the Methodist church foxits building fund The Eev Marvin E Kober pas tor of the church read excerpts from Miss Deckers will during the service The gilt was left tothe church with no stipulations attached to it according to Mr Kober When the will of Miss Gertrude Decker is filed for probate early this week it will be found that the First Methodist Church Build ing Fund receives a bequest of Doctor Kober stated at the conclusion of the morning service I make this announce ment to our congregation this morning before any other publicity is released at the specific request of Miss Decker The following portions ot the will itself were read Plans for erecting a new Meth odist Church building of the type and construction suggested and described in a booklet of the First Methodist Church entitled The Church of Our Dreams having now progressed to a point where such a building may be realized I hereby give andbequeath unto the First Methodist church of Mason City Iowa of which I am a member the sum of which shall be paid by my ex ecnlors as soon my death as This eift is in ad 6iihercontributions for the said purpose which I have provided by naming the treasurer of the buildins fund of the said church corporation as the bene ficiary of certain insurance policies so that the total contri butions made fay me will approxi mate the sum of 550000 Reposing confidence in the hon or and integrity of the officers of the church and appreciating that changed conditions may in the course of time render testamentary REDS SLASH 5 MORE DIVISIONS CAUGHTINTRAP Tighten Noose Around Remnants of 100000 Others Encircled London red army forces have encircled 5 more German infantry divisions at Nikopol in the Dnieper bend Moscow announced Sunday night and Monday the Russians were reported cutting these units to pieces while tightening a noose around the remnants of 100000 nazi troops previously trapped near Cherkasy Moscow dispatches indicated that a total of perhaps 175000 ot Germanys finest troops faced certain death capture or starva tion in the 2 Ukrainian pockets A captured German officer re vealing the soldiers in the Cher kasy trap are eating but 1 meal daily declared that Adolf Hitler had ordered them to hold to the last man as he did just a year ago before the debacle at Stalin capital The announce listed 232 persons as Finnish men t wounded Advices reaching London said telephone communication be tween Helsinki and Stockholm had been cut again Monday sug gesting the possibility of a third raid in what apparently is a con centrated effort to drive Finland out of the Thousands of women children and elderly persons began to evacuate Helsinki The refugees were reported making use of every available means of travel in their hurried exodus A Moscow radio announcement said the Estonian capital of Rc val Tallinn also had been bombed adding to tlie uneasiness in Sweden restrictions inappropriate from imposing specific terms upon my contribution to the building fund However it Japs Look for U S Landing on Kuriles By UNITED PRESS The German Transocean News Agency quoting dispatches from Tokyo said Monday that Japu icse leaders anticipate an Ameri attempt to land in the Kurile slands site of the big Paramush ro air and naval bases this pnng Naval units of the Americans Rationed in the northern1 region iave been reinforced lately and he appointment of a new chief ommandev in the person of Vice Admiral Fletcher revealed tile im portance which the enemy is at aching to this portion the war heater Transocoan said quoting grad Capture of the key rail June tion of Apostolovo 31 miles west of Nikopol by troops of Gen Ko dion Yi Malinovskys 3rd Ukrain ian army virtually sealed the fate of the 5 Nikopol divisions It climaxoa a 4 aay drive from the northeast which ripped 37 through the German lines is my hope and expectation that the church eve looking forward into the future and especially considering the postwar needs of the member ship and the welfare advance ment and religious and moral training of the youth of our city will erect a proper beautiful and impressive edifice in a suitable landscaped setting which will be adequately equipt and fully sup plied with utilitarian facilities furniture furnishings books and literature of kinds that will be attractive and beneficial to chil dren and young people but not involving extravagant expenditure of funds Monday morning Swedish air craft roared over Stockholm in extensive maneuvers despite gen erally poor weather Helsinki traffic was reported disrupted as the Russians dropped many hiirh explosives and incen diaries starting fires which were difficult to control The sky above Ihc Finnish capital was red with the glow The first eyewitness details of growing It is further my and de sire that the edifice shrill bt lo ended a long in the war on the Finnish the lull in a dispatch from the Helsinki correspondent of the Stockholm Aftonbladet who said that residents ot the capital had been kept huddled in air raid shelters for 7 hours during the night The first raid was the worst the capital had experienced since 1941 Swedish press accounts said the first assault caused heavy dam age to the central railway station the Finnish National bank the Technical university the Toeloc residential district and the Brimnsparkcn diplomatic quar ter Antiaircraft guns were busy almost continuously for 2 hours Thousands of windows were shat tered Thirty windows in the Ameri can legation were broken by a bomb exploding nearby catecl centrally in a residential section of our city where it will be readily accessible and that the grounds will be ample for an im pressive setting additional park ins space yid church activities By contributing thus largely to the project I hope and expect to inspire worthy contributions of money and effort from others rather than to assume a substan tial part of the cost of a property that may be more inadequate and modest than I now envisage and anticipate Thus may the church have a well located edifice cost ing 5250000 or more adequate for its needs and purposes through out many future years It was also revealed that the residue of the estate has been di vided among the following 5 agencies The Federal Council of Churches of America American university at Washington D C Pincy WOods school for Negroes at Piney Woods Miss and the Mason City Y W C A and Y M C A It is estimated each of these will receive in the neigh borhood of 53000 Marganets a town Jess than 10 miles northeast of Nikopol Seven nazi divisions were routed a Russian communique said The enemy abandoned tre mendous quantities of war equip ment besides leaving 12000 dead on the battlefield Two thousand more were captured as Malinov skys infantry and tanks covered by fleets ot lowflying stormovik divebombers rolled forward lib erating 250 towns and villages One of these Devladovo a rail station was only 23 miles north cast of ICrivoi Rog Soviet trimnpjis in the past the entrapment of 10 divi sions at Cherkasy and Malinov skys brilliant drive on Nikopol foreshadow the liberation of all southern Russia Moscow advices said One hundred and fifty miles to the northwest the forces of Gens Nikolai Vatutin and Ivan S Konev were systematically whittling down the survivors of the 10000C Germans trapped at Cherkasy while in old Poland 430 miles to the west Vatutins center cap tured the town of Mlinov in a 30 mile drive from Kovno which fell to the Russians on Saturday Mlinov is 20 miles southeast o Lutsk also captured Saturday anc 82 miles from the German strong hold of Lwow near the Polish Bus river Vntutins spearheads at anollici point were in Mizocli only 55 miles from the OdessaWarsaw railway principal supply artery for the German Dnieper bend armies More than 1200 Germans were killed in this drive the Russians said Far to the north Gen Leonk A Govorovs Leningrad arm surged forward into Estonia the Moscow bulletin said clearing In Germans from the eastern bank of the Narova river above and be low Narva 8 miles inside the pre war frontier Large numbers o prisoners were taken and the Ger man dead totaled more than 400 the communique reported Russian troops have pene trated the eastern suburbs o Narva fortress town 8 miles in side Estonia a Reuters dispatch from Moscow said Monday he Tokyo Hochi newspaper Yomiuri JAP HOMELAND ASSAULT MADE BY TASK FORCE Nipponese Caught by Surprise With Heavy Blasting by Big Guns By NORMAN BELL Aboard a U S Destroyer in the North Pacific Feb 4 Delayed States warships bardcd Japan at home Ibithe first time Friday and caught the enemy The newspaper also was quoted hat strong formations of air wrne troops have been concen rated in the Aleutians The Transocean broadcast was by U S government monitors The bombardment ot Paramu shiro emphasized the extent of American sea power in the Pacific The task force which swung from lie Aleutian chain to shell the iurjle islands stronghold was on he move while the campaign in he Marshall than 3500 milesto the n full swing The Marshalls naval force alone ias been reported in several dis patches as comprising in tonnage an amount surpassing that of the entire prePear Harbor U S fleet Ever since the Japanese were driven out of the Aleutians Fara mushhoshasJJeen one of getsof American air Jprcesiit tKc north ire the Aleutians completed their 10th mission against Paramushiro only last week when 2 Catalina bomb ers attacked enemy installations on the southeast coast of the is land By taunting the Japanese navy nth a surprise move in the far northern Pacific while moving Into the Marslialls our navy chiefs emphasized their desire to force the Japanese fleet out to fight The task force attack on Para mushiro also may have involved an effort to bueak up Japanese naval units U was lionet that the presence of American warships in Kurile waters would force tlie Japanese to send sizable naval re inforcements to that area lo pre vent a repetition of xvhat appar ently was only the first a planned series of hitandrun naval attacks The bulk of the Japanese fleet presumably has been based in home waters by surprise A bombardment lasting about 20 minutes battered the harbor and land installations of Kurabu Point on the southern tip of Fara musliiro island Paramushiro island frequently bombed by American planes fly ings from the Aleutians is 1280 miles from Tokyo but is geo a part of Japan graphically proper SAYS 3 ARE ON JUDGESHIP LIST Choice of Mitchell Not Decided Washington Gillette DIowa said Saturday that an original list of 26 applicants for the the been reduced to 3 position of federal judge in northern Iowa district had They are Sioux City Jesse E Marshall Henry N Graven Mason City and Luke E Linnan Algona The senator said that contrary to recent published reports so far as he knew the name ot former Justice Richard Mitchell of Fort Dodge had not been decided upon MASCOT HAS PUPS Lewisbure Pa Marine trainees at Buckncll university uanted a mascot A few hours after they adopted Qucenie stray collie Qucenie gave birtli lo 12 pups gunners either sur jrised or attempting to put out star shells which preceded the heavy blasting fired into the air vhen the attack first started Then iving evidence ot becoming more they fired along their own beaches and at the Pacific ocean and Sea of Ohkotsk No ship of the attacking force which steamed under bright moonlight within 5 miles of the shore batteries was lilt The task force was commanded by Rear Admiral Wilder D operating under Vice Frank Jack Fletcher of Pacific messaged ships and crews ft ing the attack congratulating them on being he first o bombard Japanese home territory The army also was represented aboard Admiral Bakers flagship by Major General Davenport Johnson commander llth au force and Brig Gen E D Post chief staff to Lt Geu Simon Bolivar Buckner commander of the Alaskan department The presence ot General Post came while troops of the Alaskan de partment engaged in assault ma neuvers which possibly will bo aimed at Paramushiro The wild nature of the Japa nese gunnery indicated they feared an invasion was already under way Tracer bullets from some their guns spurted along the shoreline apparently aimed at shadows or imaginary landing barges This destroyer on which I rode as the only war correspondent ac companying the task force was skippered by Commander Harry Smith former flag lieutenant to Admiral Fletcher in the Coral sea fighting and at the battle of Mid way Two weeks ago I became the first war correspondent over Japanese home soil when I made a bombing mission with navy planes over the same part of Paramusluiro The planes of Commodore Les lie E Genres fleet air wing 4 were back Thursday night the second consecutive night of their resumed Tokyo short line ex press They hit shortly after the bombardment The island defenders perhaps have been watching for them in stead of glancing out to sea once in a while because alert shore watchers might easily have seen the dark silent shadows of the ap proaching ships without use of any detecting devices The island was clearly risible from the ships its snow covered mass rearing white cold and lightlcss from the sea The black out supported belief that the Jap anese expected another air attack A division of destroyers under Commander Hunter Hood who IOWAN IS INJURED Colorado Springs Colo Pfc Claire E Wiggins Boonc Iowa was 1 of 5 persons injured Sunday when a bomber crashed landed the public relations of ficer at Peterson field reported Monday McNutt Will Address Jackson Day Dinner Des iMoines Man power Commissioner Paul V McNutt will address the Jackson day S25 a plate dinner here Feb 26 In announcing the speaker Jake More democratic state chairman said Saturday that 525 tickets have been sold The an into another plane after it had nual dinner usually attended by 1000 or more persons is a com bination democratic rally and fund raising meeting ;