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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 6, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLHI FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PXESS AND UNITED PRESS LEASED WIRES MASON GITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY THIS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTIONONE NO 106 Some Queer Arguments Not Everyone in Favor of Flood Control Action By CHARLES P STEWART A S H I N GTON CPA The curious argu ment again is heard that dis asters like floods have at least one com pensatory fea ture Work is made for many hands e f 1 e c t ing re pairs To all econ omists this rea soning gives an acute pain Their c o n tention is that i a community which has accumulated a certain amount of wealth only to see it wiped out by flood fire earth quake or some other catastrophe is just that much poorer It is as if an individual saved his money until he had a substantial nestegg and then had it go bad on him suddenly he might toil and save again until he had as good a nest KRASCHEL ASKS THREE REF PROPOSES FOUR YEAR TERM FOR STATE OFFICERS Committee to Take Up Judiciary Bill Gigantic Task of Flood Rehabilitation Under Way i Federal and State Advocates Nonparty Vote Count Damage Cost in for Legislative County Posts LEGISLATURE STORYPAGE 3J Fabulous Millions By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The gigantic task of rehabilita egg or a better one than he had before but he never would con sider that he was better off for what he previously had lost Temporary Stimulation It is true that sales are said to have been stimulated temporarily in unafflicied neighborhoods which border on the inundated areas Naturally The flooded folk with their own supplies water logged have turned to the nearest supplemental sources These lat ter perhaps could have scooped in big returns momentarily had they been greedy From all accounts very few merchants tried to prof creditable Even outright looting from army accounts seems not to have been some of the looters probably did not so regard them selves they were in distress and took what they needed in the emergency Heal Indeed antiflood ex perts sBeakJnmore bitter which they assert for selfish reasons oppose measures of genuine flood preven tion These antiflood folk insist on a system of upland dams Some want little dams across rivulets some want huge reser voirs In either case they promise the development of a deal ol hydro electric power It almost neces sarily will be public Power folk do not like that idea Little dams in a way are more threatening to them than big ones Small Dams Potent Power generated say by TV A oozes out along the wires It is formidable at the Norris dam but has no such potency at a distance north west south cast or son DES MOINES Nelj surpassing even the aft G Kraschel Saturday advo ermath of the San Francisco in forged ahead with quickening pace Saturday through the flood ravaged Ohio river valley Federal and state officials counted the cost in fabulous mil lions All down the trail from Pittsburgh A small local dam however can i election of legislators and county officers Kraschel mentioned brief ly several election law changes al ready introduced in the legisla ture and then added If those who seek election re forms really want to do something constructive I am wondering why they dont make an effort to de stroy this partisanship that ex ists in the legislature and in coun ty Needs More Time When he discussed his third proposal Kraschel said his first weeks as governor convinced him that the governor should be in office at least one year before the legislature meets He set out two reasons why he favored the shift in assembly meeting date First he said the incoming governor is confronted immedi ately with the task of trying to rebuild the administration along definite lines The second reason the gover nor said is that a governor can better take part in formulating a legislative program after he has served one full year under ex mile flood to Cairo of WPA workers pushed the mud and muckfouled debris back to the aiui AXJ Ji i j f cated three drastic reforms which j earthquake and fire would completely remodel major aspects of Iowa state and county government To eliminate partisanship in the legislature and county offices and to make the administrative branch of the government more efficient he proposed 1 A four year term for all state cleanup legions officers including governor 2 Nonpartisan election elimi nating all connection with politi cal parties of members of the legislature and county officers 3 Setting the regular legisla tive sessions one year after a new governor and state administration takes office Agreed by Students I think it is generally agreed by students of state government that the two year term for state offices including that of governor is a he said of the first suggested reform Four years would be much Before he launched into a dis cussion of proposed nonpartisan river And slowly not unlike a crash victim emerging from a vast army of nearly a million ref ugees began to realize the stun ning individual effects of thedis aster as they found what the river had done to their homes Dreary Picture of Ruin With the crisis ended a dreary picture of ruin remained buildings collapsed houses j gone swept away by the tidal yellow waters or sagging drunk enly on undermined foundations and everywhere from ceJar to attic a thick coating of rroid and slime and1 filth Mops brooms and hoses brought into action in the na tions great spring herculean labor which officials said would take three to six months at an estimated a home Approximately f S provide for everything within its territory And these small local plants can hook up and cover their whole collective territories The flood controllers I have met are mostly army men They want to control floods Some believe in big dams some in little ones But I am sure they are all in terested in the one pre vent floods Opposed to Them Private interests I am con vinced while opposed to floods are not opposed to them If they do not ultimately preju dice private power I believe the private interests involved would rather have floods or anything than risk having power governmentalized And real flood control means governmentalized power That is to say governmentalized power simply would swamp the private kind The Weather FORECAST IOWA Increasing cloudiness Saturday nirht colder in ex treme eastern portion rising temperatures in extreme west ern portion Saturday niffht rislny temperatures Sunday MINNESOTA Generally fair toniffht and Sunday colder in cast risinr temperature in northwest portion tonight ris ingtemperature Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobcGazcttc weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum Friday 24 Above Minimum In Nirht 4 Below At 8 A M Saturday 3 Below WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the period Feb 8 to 13 For the Upper Mississippi and Lower Missouri valleys Generally lair north occasional precipitation south portion first of week un settled latter part rising tempera ture first of week and again near end with colder middle of week In Weekly Broadcast The governor sussestcd the three governmental reforms dur ing his regular weekly radio broadcast He did not slate whether a movement is under way to draft the proposals into bills for presentation to the legis lature Although it was indicated he has considered the proposals for some time Kraschel dictated his address only a short time before the broadcast started Stenog graphers had not finished typing the script when the broadcast began and Kraschels secretary rushed completed sheets to him during the address At the beginning of his ad dress the governor said some per sons had doubted his prediction two weeks ago that partisanship would be minimized during the present legislative session but added that confirmation by the senate of all important appoint ments he has made thus far showed we are working for the same ends and forgetting party politics Unkempt Man Sought as Slayer of Boy 5 LOMBARD swar thy unkempt man was sought Sat urday as police sifted meager clews which might lead to the slayer of 5 year old Roger Loomis Authorities aided by aroused citizens hunted for a bearded man who enticed the youth into his au tomobile Thursday mistreated him and then left his strangled body upon a snow covered roadside early Friday Man Hurt in Railroad Accident Succumbs ROCK ISLAND ter L Morris 22 of Galesburg diedin a hospital Saturday morn ing of Injuries inflicted when he was crushed between a boxcar and a loading platform at the RockIsland Sash and Door works while switching forthe and Q railroad 000 homea f damaged flood emer gency period A survey of the stricken areas disclosed that officials still have no idea what the ultimate cost will be I Bond Issue j The town of Portsmouth Ohio alone with a population of 560 started raising a bond issue for flood rehabilitation against an estimated damage toll of between and In Washington Senator Joseph T Robinson majority leader in congress announced the government would provide money for rehabilitation out of the deficiency relief bill A committee headed by Sen Rob ert Wagner DNY studied the possibilities of liberalizing the laws so persons whose homes and business places have been de stroyed may rebuild with govern ment funds Cities in the West Virginia Good area reported they were depend ing on funds from the Red Cross the works progress administra tion and the state legislature to return refugees and rehabilitate homes buildings and schools The loss for the state was placed un officially at The WPA administrator for West Virginia reported on hand 1or cleanup work As one small item the legislature has been asked to appropriate to repace school books lost in the flood In Formative Stagfe Reconstruction plans in Indiana still were in the formative stage LOOK INSIDE FOR VITTORIO MUSSOLINI II Duces Son Marries Childhood Sweetheart ON PAGE 2 River Projects for North Iowa Proposed ON JAGE8 Mason City High Cagers Bow to Waterloo West ON PAGE 9 House Defeats Bill to Outlaw Slot Machines ON PAGE 2 Richard F Allen Red Cross east ern area manager estimated would be required to re habilitate damaged homes Wayne Coy WPA administrator said was available for emergency relief In Cincinnati the Red Cross had a fund to be used in part for clothing furniture and repairs Three thousand WPA workers aided in cleaning up the flood swamped city officials in Nashville estimated the damage to water plants mains and sewage systems in the Cumberland river valley at approximately Building damage at Clarksville pop amounted to 200 Million Damage In sorely stricken Louisville with an estimated damage of in the Derby city it self and more throughout the state Mayor Nev ille Miller said he believed re construction plans would not be completed for 30 days The Missouri legislature ap propriated for rehabilita tion At Columbus Ohio flood IOWA TO WARN UP ON SUNDAY Weather Colder After Drop Overnight Cloudiness to Increase DES MOINES fluctuating weather stool at a colder level Saturday after Fri days moderate spell was followed by an overnight mercury diop Skies were clear in the state Saturday except in the southwest and southeast portions and the weatherman anticipated increas ing cloudiness Saturday night He forecast colder weathsr for the extreme eastern and rising tesperatures in the extreme western portion Saturday night and added rising tempeiatures were in store for Sunday The mercury was expected to register 5 degrees below ia the northwestsectionSaturday 10 below in the northeast thesouthwest and 5 above southeast Lowest official temperatur re ported in the state early Saturday wastwo degrees below at Charles highest in the last24 hours was 40 above at Mason Cityhad an unofficial 4 be part an improved flavor to Louis prevention conference with rep resentatives from every state in the Ohio river basin Ohio West Virginia Vir ginia Kentucky Indiana Illi nois Maryland Tennessee and New an inter state organization to coordinate federal and state efforts for the prevention of a future disaster Abel Wolman chairman of the conference urged the abandon thousands of acres in the natural Ohio val ley floddway as the first step in a workable program of flood control Denuded of Forests Sawyer regional resettle ment administration chief of five midwest states said the flood arose from the fact that countless acres on the slopes of the Ohio valley watershed have been de nuded of forests and farmed until only a meager cover of vegeta tion remains Federal soil experts at Wash ington D estimated more than tons of rich top soil were washed away in the Ohios scourging sweep Out ofthe whole dreary pic ture theAssociated Press survey disclosed a single note of cheer At New Orleans the state con servation commission announced the fresh flood waters flowing through the Bonnet Carre spill way into the brackish waters of Lake Pontchartrain would im low 1 ianas oysters BITTER BATTLE IS FORESEEN ON PROPOSALS Stunned Democrat Leaders See Eeventual If Hard Won Victory WASHINGTON house committee Saturday set Tuesday for first congressional considera tion of President Roosevelts his tory making court reform plan Its tempestuous reception fore told a bitter battle on capitol hill Well take their baby and look at said Chairman Sumners of the judiciary com mittee He added that two phases of the judicial reorganization pro dealing with retire ment of supreme court justice and intervention of the government when constitutional questions were started on their way through congress be foreall this hell broke See Hard Won Victory While stunned democratic lead ers predicted an if hard won victory and pledges of sup port outnumbered protests Sena tors Van Nuys and Burke said they would ask the senate judiciary commit tee to invite supreme count jus tices to testify But the jurists might withhold any views on the presidents proposal for increase courtmembership from nine to The justices themselves contin ued a tight lipped silence Chief Justice Hughes sentword through his secretary he would have noth ing to S33 Seen in the capilol corridors was Charles West undersecretary of interior who has served as Mr Roosevelts contact man He told news men nothing to do with the sweeping court reor ganization plan Looks Over Newspapers The president scanned news paper accounts of his judicial pro gram including editorial com ment White house officials said some telegrams had urged the chief executive to discuss over the radio his program for infusing new blood in the federal courts from top to bottom In the midst of the tumult aroused by the proposal to re vamp the judiciary Mr Roose velt discussed with congressional leaders his earlier recommenda tions for reorganizing the execu tive branch of the government Those at the white house were Vice President Garner Speaker Bankhead Senators Robinson and Byrnes and Representatives Rayburn and Buchanan Members of Committees The last four are members of special committees appointed to consider executive reorganization Republicans organizing to op pose what they called packing the supreme court and dictator were joined by some in fluential democrats Both sides watched the immediate national reaction closely evidently plan ning to go to the country on the issue In New York former President Hoover said the recommendations implied subordination of the court to the personal power of the He urged congress to delay decision until public opinion crystallized Plenty of Time Senator Robinson the demo cratic leader said plenty of time would be allowed for considera tion Many legislators followed the market trends especiallyin wall where stocks sold oft one to five points upon publication of theRoosevelt message The losses were reducedlater Some brokers viewed the1 slump at tributable to the size of recent price advances Although the president submit ted a one had introduced it in the senate It was offered in the houseFriday by a comparative newcomer Rep resentative almost before many realized the full purport Both Toranches were in recess Saturday None Openly Opposed Not a single democrat repre sentative openly opposed the suggestions Members of the lib eral bloc spoke emphatically in favor While many senators declined to commit themselves abouttwo thirds of those who did stood by the president Among the dissen Strikers Await Parley Results Jammingthe streets and even crowding the roofs in the strike zone of the General Motors plants at Flint these strikers areshown as they awaited word of the results of negotiations for ending the sitdown strike in rihe motor plants Five hundred vlril antes have been sworn in at Flint to put down outbreaks of in portions orthe city where the National Guard is not on duty demo crats as King of Utah Burke of Nebraska Glass and Byrd of Virginia and Gerry of Rhode Island Opposition centered on the presidents request for power to expand the membership of the su preme court to 15 if those over 70 age did not retire Recommendations Obscured This controversial proposal ob scured the other vital presiden tial recommendations A similar procedure be followed in lower courts when judges fail to 70 A supreme court proctor be ap pointed to relieve lower court justice where additionaljudges were needed Federal courts be required to notify the attorney general and give him an opportunity to be heard before con stitutional question There should be an immediate and direct appeal to thesupreme court from lower court decisions on constitutionality of any law Referred to Committees The bill to effect these reforms was referred to the judiciary com mittees in both houses Both com mittees have strong conservative sentiment The administrations problem was further complicated by cool ness among some senate liberals Spokesmen for the senate and house reached an understanding which they hoped would permit completion of congressional ac tion Mondayon the reliefand deficiency bill Themeasure needed funds for flood victims and unemployed bogged down two days ago as a result of senate amendments conferees named by both branches have been trying to effect a compromise BURNING SHIPS GREW RESCUED Coast Guard Cutters Rush to Aid of Two Other Disabled Vessels NORFOLK crew of a burning schooner the William was taken aboard the S Tela in heavy seas off Charleston S early Saturday as coast guard cutters hurried to aid of two other ships with broken rudders Coast guard division headquar ters here said the Tela reported that the fire was still raging aboard the schooner whose home port is listed as St Thomas Vir gin Islands and that it would be a total Two freighters the El Occidents and the S S were drift ing with broken rudders in heavy seas runningbefore a northeast ern along this section of the At lantic coast The Riegel reported it was list ing heavily 300 miles off Wil and issued a gen eral call for ships to stand coast officers said El Occidente was reported to be 100 miles off Cape Henry The cause of the blaze in the schooner Morse was not known here Oley Nelson Out of Hospital Promises to Rest Up Few Days DES MOINES Nel son 92 year old Civil war vet eran sergeant at arms of the Iowa house is out of the hospital Nelson who has served the house as sergeant for IS years took sick Avitha cold early this week and physicians a time feared he was endangered by pneumonia He went to the home of his Nelson Friday night after physicians said theywould release him from the hospital if hed agree to take several days rest beforereturning to his jobas sergeant at arms Burglars Open Three Safes and Get DESMOINES re portedburglars cracked open three safestin the Des Mornes La bor temple early Saturday and Have You Read Your Newspaper 1 How many supremecourt judges could President Roose velt appoint under his proposal submitted to congress 2 To what position was Irl Tubbs named 3 What Illinois town is situ ated at Ohio and Mississippi rivers 4 did Judge Paul V Gadola decide 5 In whatwas Gen Senjuro Hayashi 6 What couple started an air plane flight from England pre sumably to take them to Carlo Egypt 7 Paul Landa missing tivin salesman was reported seen in the vicinity of what city 3 Madison Matty Bell signed a six contract as football coach at what univer sity 9 Thirteen plotters against the government were executed in what country 10 Did thegroundhog see his in North Iowa Feb 2 ANSWERS ON PAGE Z DEADLOCKEDON CLAIM OF UNION TORECOGNITION Proportionate Representa tion Reported Offered by Auto Firm DETROIT Apparently still deadlocked on the question of union recognition as the sole bargaining agency lor General Motors employes the conference seeking a settlement of strike troubles adjourned at oclock CST Saturday afternoon for luncheon William Knudsen and his General Motors associates emerged smiling from the court room They said they had no Gov Frank Murphy plainly worried although refusing to ad mit discouragement did not im mediately appear when the cor poratior representatives left the room remaining behind totalk informally with the union repre sentatives Refusedby Knudsen The union is understood to have demanded the right to speak for all employes in 20 General Mo tors plants Originally it had de manded that right in all the com panys plants Tills demand in formed sources said had been flatly refused by Knudsen The company was represented as refusing to go farther than proportionate repre sent at ion which wouldgive both union and nonunion employes a voice in any collective bargaining In Flint hot spot of the strike Sheriff Thomas said he make no rriovie toward ejection of l200J or more stay in body I hear from Gover nor Issuel Studied First A source close to the conferees said Saturday theydefinitely were seeking a settlement rather than a truce but that the collective bargaining issue was taken up first as the major is the settlement conference ar ranged for at the governors truce agreement with the opposing sides on Jan this source said While the most cordial relations appear toprevail between Knud sen vice president of General Motors corporation and John L Lewis chairmanof the committee for industrial organization the discussions in the courtroom chambers of Recorders Judge Murphy attimes have been voci ferous although not intelligible to those outside Asked why only the collective bargaining question had been dis cussed so far anauthoritative in formant said the conferees were apparently of the opinion that all other issues easily couldbe dis posed of Hold Secret Session Knudsen and Lewis held a sec ret session Friday night in the apartments of Governor Murphy It Avas learned Saturday however that the governor purposely ab sented himself from thatmeeting Discussing various conjectures concerning proceedings in the con ference chambers the governor Saturday said Most of the es so far have been very very Governor Murphy continued in communication xvith both Wash ington Flint reporting in person or throughJames F Dewey federal labor to the national capital on the pro gress being made and a firm hand on the situation at an eviction order against sit down strikersis held by Sheriff The governor has notyetre plied to the sheriffs telegram of Friday asking whether national guard troops Avould be placed at his disposal to compel evacuation of two Fisher body plants All Show Effects All those confer ences were plainly beginning to show the effects of the long drawn out impression grew that if an agreement was not reached Saturday no session would be held Sunday One conjecture even was heard that failure Sat urday would result postpone ment with a possi bility the conversations then might be resumed in Washington Adecision to assign separate problems to smaller groups was reachedat Fridaynights session Governor Murphy an nounced thatthe conferees were making definite Other than a statement that both the union were represented on the subcom mittees no announcement was made concerning their personnel The explanation that they would study definiteproblems did not indicate what these were Air of Expectancy Secrecy surroundedthe sions of 1he full conference and ;