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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 6, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 6 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 104 How Raise Bonus Cash New Money or New Taxes Headache for Congress GENERAL STRIKE ENDS AT PEKIN By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON Con gress mind was firmly made up not to increase taxation with election day so close ahead Then President Roose velts demand struck them full force Pre sid ent Roosevelts posi tion on bonus payment of course was un assailable being to the effect that the lawmakers mustnt order im mediate settlement with the veter ars without providing money to do the paying The legislators did just that any way They were afraid of offending the exservice men if they refused to vote immediate payment They were afraid of offending the taxpayers if they voted higher taxes to pay the Legionnaires Congress Optimistic The baby bond device was hit on in the hope that many of the veter ans up to half or more of them will piefer to hold their bonds up to the date of their maturity for the sake of the 3 per cent interest they will yield If the veterans see fit to do this the treasury will not confront the problem of producing out of nothingness The baby bond advocates still reckon that Secretary Morgenthau will not have to dig up more than a trifling bil later But anyone who honestly thinks that most of the exservice men will not be on hand for their cash the minute their bonds are cashable cer tainly is an optimist Agree With President As a matter of fact no congress man does think so Some congressmen wish that they could but know better agree with President Roosevelt would have up held his veto had they dared voted to override it from sheer terror of the veterans on primary and elec tion dates Another type of congressman is a sincere believer in inflation This may be a natural frame of mind for a spokesman for an agri cultural constituency An estab lished farmer has his own home no rent to be advanced on him If he is an allaround farmer he sets his own table He needs merely a primi tive inexpensive wardrobe in the country Inflation will make his ma rhinery cost him more but old ma chinery will last for quite awhile that issue isnt urgent Inflation Aids Debtor And if he is in debt as generally he is inflation enables him to meet his obligations with less of the stuff he produces The urban worker necessarily suf fers from what temporarily profits the farmer Temporarily The urban workers income lags behind agricultural high prices he loses his purchasing power and the farmer loses his market Agriculture can thrive at urban labors expense for some time with out realizing that it is killing the golden goose just as urbans indus try has thriven at agricultures ex pense without realizing that it was killing its golden goose with its pro tective tariffs What for Money The treasury hasnt the money to meet requirements It will have to borrow it It will havetoborrow only a yunish couple of billions as against 35 billions accumulated How this debt is to be lifted is a puzzle to economists A veteran will get his money In what will his dollars and cents be worth 30 Below Zero Forecast Again for North Iowa CLAIM TAX BILL MAY NOT BE AS BIG AS EXPECTED House Leaders Talk to Roosevelt as Senate Scans Farm Bill MAN THAWING OUT CAR HURT Heitland of Meservey Loses Eye Hit by Crankcase Oil Cap Barney Heitland Meservey suf fered the loss of his right eye when gasoline exploded while he was thawing the crankcase of a neigh bors car with a blow torch about 5 oclock Wednesday evening A cap to the opening of the case through which oil was poured into the car struck Mr Heitland cutting his eye into two parts The eye was removed at the Mercy hospital at Mason City Wednesday evening His condition was reported as good Thursday for formulation of a tax bill which will surprise the country by not being as large as expected was ex pressed Thursday by house leaders after a talk with President Roose velt Upon repeal of the cotton tobac co and potato control laws the sen ate began examining the AAA sub stitute plan President Roosevelts signature alone was needed to the com pulsory crop limitations episode of the new deal Next on Mr Roosevelts calling list after the house leaders were the financial advisers the aim evi dently being to cut the spread be tween treasury income and outgo Routine appropriations occupied the house Speaker Byrns said May 15 was a likely date for adjournment of congress We shall have some farm sub sidy taxes but Im not so sure whether well have any other or he said Get Ahead of Court As the senate agricultural debate got under way Senator Norris said the cottontobaccopo tato repealer was an effort to get ahead of the curb by the supreme He contended the court has assumed legislative jurisdiction and later may question the right of congress to repeal its own acts The new farm relief plan would make greater allowance for state authority The program would clothe the sec tary of agriculture with authority i to pay subsidies direct to farm i ers for conserving soil and thus in j directly controlling production I States meeting federal requirements i could have a part in the plan im mediately if they wished They i would receive the federal funds and I administer the program through I agencies of their own choosing sub ject to the secretarys approval Is Final Effort States would have to come into the program after two years other wise their farmers would get no more subsidies Chairman Smith S of the agriculture committee who had been doubtful i about the constitutionality of prev I Sous proposals said If this wont work we cant do Around is the esti mated cost a year of a new farm plan but the question of taxes to raise the money was officially de scribed as still in the conversa tional after a white house conference last night Faced with bonus payment of more than and other i large expenditures the administra tion was looking around to see if some funds could be pared i KHief Costs Studied High officials also disclosed that the president had directed a study of next fiscal years prospective relief expenditures in the light of heavy commitments in other fields Some time ago it was reported the admin might seek for relief Now however possibilities of par 1 ing this are being canvassed Whether it will be done in view of demands from the states for new dole money remains to be seen ob servers said The relief population last monlh was described officially as about as large it was the I previous it totalled ON THE INSIDE POPE PIUS XI Pius Observes 14th Anniversary as Pope ON PAGE 2 506 Schools Entered in Music Competition ON PAGE 1 Boy Admits Slaying of Magazine Writer ON PAGE 14 Three Way Attack on Farm Problem Urged ON PAGE 10 Iowa Coal Miners to Work Saturday ON PAGE 2 Story of Edwards Travels in Pictures ON PAGE 3 ANOTHER WAVE OF COLD ROLLS IN FROM CANADA More Snow Falls Over State Many Schools Are Closed i I Another night of paralyzing cold j was in store for Iowa as the weatherman predicted 30 below min imums for North Iowa Thursday night A new wave of bitter weather was rolling down froo Canada he said and though temperatures mounted above zero generally over the state Thursday theyll skee daddle back down as the cold washes in on and over the Mason City had a reading of 12 below zero early Thursday and at S a it was 10 below A light snow began falling Thursday fore noon Temperatures took a turn towards the twenties in North Iowa early Thursday but short the Associated Press reported Spirit Lake 18 Below Spirit Lakereported the mer curys backsliding halted At 18 At Emmetsburg where the cold waves record of 36 below was made early Jan 22 the low was 16 Cedar Rapids reported 14 Temperatures in the extreme northeast corner might have got into the the weatherman said as LaCrosse reported a20 A Before General Strike Ended at Pekin 111 Group of strikers shown above outside the plant of the American Distilling company at Pekin re a general strike that paralyzed business in that city of population came to an end Thursday j 6 PROBES BEGUN IN LOEB SLAYING I Illinois Legislatures Joint Committee Will Enter Prison Inquiry SPRINGFIELD i x separate investigations into the slaying of Richard Loeb one of the states most notorious murderers killed with a razor by a fellow con vict last week in Stateville peni tentiary were under way Thursday The latest was started by a reso lution adopted by the state senate and sent to the house Wednesday for concurrence It provided that a joint committee of five members of each house investigate the twin prisons at Stateville and Joliet Governor Homer a few days ago invited 16 persons from several states to form an independent com mission to study all illicit prisons Immediately after Locbs death the result of 56 slashes inflicted with a razor by James Day on Jan 28 three inquiries were opened one by prison officials another by States Attorney William R Mc Cabe and a third by Director A L Bowen of the public welfare depart ment The other was by a Will county grand jury impaneled to re turn an indictment against Loebs confessed slayer and to investigate prison conditions Loeb had been serving a life and 99 year sentence for the murder of Bobbie Franks in Chicago in 1924 Nathan Leopold is serving a similar term for the same murder To Stan Printing Bonus Baby Bonds in Next Week Steal Suits forced entry into the Brandon and Lebm kuhl mens furnishing at Greenfield and gtole 20 mens suits and a quan tity of accessories WASHINGTON j sun en grossed with the most difficult job that ever confronted it the treasury announced Thursday it ex I pected to begin printing the new baby bonds to pay off the soldiers bonus next week Congress has ordered the adjust ed service certificates totaling more than to be paid off with bonds of denominations i cashable at postoffices after next I June It became apparent that many of ficials considered issuance of the bonds before June 15 almost a phys ical impossibility Secretary Mor genthau believes it can be done but President Roosevelt took a more pessimistic attitude recently declar ing that the distribution would start around July 1 It may be weeks later before it is completed offi cials indicate Sioux City 10 Webster City 8 Davenport 6 Washington 5 Des Moines 2 Council Bluffs got off with a zero j and Keokuk with 2 above More Snow Reported Snow fell in both the northwest and southeast parts of the state Thursday Spirit Lake measured an i inch and noted a rising wind that j started piling up drifts City and Emmetsburg also in the northwest reported snow Light snow fell at Ottumwa Washington and Davenport in the southeast Cloudiness increased over the rest of the state and the weath erman predicted some snow Thursday night and Friday along with the new siege of numbing tem peratures Coal shortage problems were re ported in some towns in North Iowa At Garner three coal dealers reported their supplies exhausted Crystal Lake had no coal although some was being brought in from nearby towns A shipment is expect ed Friday One hundred tons of coal which reached Swea City Sunday hasall been sold Belmond 12 Below Belmond Thursday reported a minimum of 12 below with the fine snow falling and already starting to drift Several schools in North Iowa have been at tendance particularly by students living on consolidated bus routes is low Nashua and Ackley were among the towns which will hold no more school this week The first passenger train through Forest City from the north since the storm Wednesday afternoon The Monday noon train was the last previous one to run on the M and St L there Section crews and snowplows worked 15 hours at Macy between Iowa Falls and Alden before a freight train on the Illinois Central could continue its westward jour Colder Elsewhere The weatherman predicted 20 he low in southwest Iowa and 15 below in the southeast Thursday night Just to show what the cold wave already was doing north and west of Iowa the weatherman cited a few early temperatures Valentine 30 North Platte 16 Duluth 32 Bis marck N 38 Winnepeg 42 and Prince Albert 46 he offered in expiation of his forecast 30 below isnt quite as cold as it could is else Train dispatchers reported 7ail traffic throughout the state regain ing a degree of normalcy Thursday Main line passenger service got back within striking distance ot schedules Branch lines were re suming service Freight Held Up But freight still was moving hit and and Thursday nights bitter temperatures are apt to tie another knot in one dispatch before a general strike that paralyzed afternoon Central Press Photo ITALY BUILDS UP FASCIST PARTY Roman Authorities Predict Further Development on Military Lines BY CHARLES E HARNER Associated Press Foreign Staff Further development of the fascist party as a military organi zation was predicted Thursday by high fascist sources in Rome The prediction was important for it was predicated on the theory that further militarization of the party would be necessary to take care of the internal situation in Italy should an European war develop As for actual military activities there was little reported except in the case of a British officer on frontier duty along the border be tween the British colony of Kenya and Ethiopia The Briton discovered that an Italian column advancing alongthe border had placed a marker six feet over the line in British soil His majestys officer with a smile The marker was placed back where it belonged Another neutral officer who ap peared on the battlefront was Major Norman Fisk United States army who visited Makale as an observer He will go next to Tembien and Aksum to watch the fighting The British parliament was on record as opposed to war and as having grave concern over world wide preparations for Lieut M Freres Beligian army officer and military adviser to the Ethiopian general Ras Desta Dem tu issued an affidavit denying Italian allegations that Swedish Red Cross trucks had been used to transport ammunition for the Eth iopians Declared the Belgian lieutenant There never was a single cartridge in the Red Cross Jews Barred From Having Any Meetings third reich enforced a ban on meetings of all Jewish cultural organizations today in aji effort to forestall any renewal Of antisemitic rioting as the fourth winter Olympic games openedat GarmischPartenkirchen The government through its min ister to Berne also placed an offi cial request before the Swiss gov ernment to discover and prosecute those behind the assassination of j Wilhelm Gustloff former leader of the nazis in Switzerland Serious The reich government said the slaying of Gustloff at Tues i day by a Yugoslav medical student I who described himsel as Frankfurter a Jew was a serious affair which was without doubt a political A German official communication said the shooting clearly was a se quel to the leftist press campaign against Gustloff which continued despite the German ministers pro Expresses Thanks The minister Baron von Weiz saecker expressed thanks to Dr Giuseppe Motta vice president of the republic ofSwitzerland for Swiss sympathy in the case Dr Paul Joseph Goebbels minis ter of press and propaganda an nounced that the prohibition on meetings of Jewish cultural organ izations such as theaters would re main in effect until further notice The streets had been quiet how ever since Monday when several Jews were attacked and a number of windows smashed Answers New Deal Criticism of Smith deal criti cism of Al Smiths recent Liberty league address encountered a sharp retort Thursday from forhier Gov Joseph B Ely New dealers he said are seeking to destroy Smiths influence and are besmirching his reputation to achieve their own wild Five Injured in Panic A street car carrying scores of passengers caught fire today and five were injured in a panicky rush for the exits ESCAPED PRISON CONVICT CAUGHT Illinois Penitentiary Guard Arrested on Charges of Helping Him Thursday arrested John Floss 44 year old escaped Stateville prison convict at about the same time Will county au thorities took a guard into custody on Warden Joseph Ragens charge he helped engineer the escape Floss who fled from the prison honor farm Wednesday was wear ing his prison uniform when arrest ed here The guard Homer Tally 49 was held in the Will county jail j at Joliet after Warden Ragcn ac cused him of giving a false account of the escape Warden Ragen aaid he learned Tally was seen riding in a car out side the prison grounds with Floss several hours before the escape was reported Tallys first report Warden Ra gen said was that Floss stole the guards car and drove away from a house on the prison honor farm Warden Ragen said an attendant at a gasoline station near the prison told guards that Tally accompanied by a convict stopped there to the gasoline tank of his carfilled earlier in the day Floss was sentenced to one year to life in 1929 on a Cook county armed robbery charge Police Lieut Daniel OHara who arrested Floss said the prisoner re lated that he and Tally went for a ride in yesterday stopped at atavern and drank some whisky Then Lieut OHara quoted Floss as saying the convict asked the guardto take him to Chicago Lieut OHara said Floss claimed Tally agreed and that they drove to the edge of Chicago where Floss hit the guard on the head and fled er said which wont help the coal shortage situation Scores of schools remained closed becauseof drift blocked secondary roads and in some instances short age of coal At Dubuque V F Chapman city milk inspector warned residents to conserve on milk supplies in order to avoid a milk shortage De liveries there he said have been cut 50 per cent during the last two days because of drifted roads Postmasters at several points re ported mail piling up in their of fices rural carriers simply finding it impossible to deliver At Carroll two funerals and a wedding were postponed a day be cause of blocked roads The Weather FORECAST IOWA Cloudy and cold Thurs day night and Friday probably some snow MINNESOTA Generally fair and continued cold Thursday night and Friday except cloudy in extreme south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for i 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock S Thursday morning Maximum Wednesday 4 below Minimum in night 12 below At 8 a m Thursday 10 below Snowfall of an inch Precipitation 03 of an Inch A protecting blanket of clouds kept the mercury from dropping much lower than 12 below Wednes day night Ordinarily 12 below at the sugar plant north of be considered an ex tremity in coldness but this year on a comparative basis Its balmy weather Two British Flyers Start on Separate Hops to Capetown LYMPNE British flying officers Tommy Rose and DavidLlewellyn took off Thursday on separate solo flights to Cape town South Africa Llewellyn left Han worth in a midget plane in an attempt to reach Capetown in 10 days and a few hours later Rose startpd fvona Lympne seeking to lower Mrs Amy Johnson Mollisons England Capetown record of 4 days 6 hours 55 minutes Strike of Hotel and Restaurant Workers Threatens New York NEW strike of hotel and restaurant workers Thursday threatened to disrupt New Yorks night life Hotel employes who claimed they represented a union membership of in 210 establishments an nounced last night that they would walk out unless operators granted their demands for shorter hours and Higher DOORSOFSHOPS STORES REOPEN IN ILLINOIS CITY Trades Labor Assembly Raises Moratorium on Business PEKIN paralyzing general holiday invoked in Pekin by leaders of striking union workers was suddenly ended at p Thursday The Trades and Labor Assembly force in this city of during the 22 hour morator ium on all it had decided to end the holiday after embattled merchants had challenged its power by declaring they would reopen their establishments Friday The straitjacket placed on com mercial activity was thrown off at once The doors of stores and shops were open again to patrons Continuance Inadvisable Tie announcement was made by Jack Kinsclla business agent for the Peoria and Pekin Building Trades union Klnsella confirmed a report by Sheriff Ralph Gear that union lead ers rpeeUngwith William Shoenberg of Caicago American Federation of Labor organizer had agreed that continuance of the general strike war inadvisable There were widely circulated ru mors that Schoenberg informed the union leaders a general strike to oust Police Chief Harry Donahue was contrary to principles of the federation The action by the labor men came shortly after organized businessmen of Pekin had announced they would defy the unionists and reopen their business establishments tomorrow Notified to Reopen Merchants were notified by John Patterson secretary of the Pekin association of commerce to reopen their business places at once First manifestation of the revival of commerce which came to a sud den stop at 3 p m Wednesday when virtually all business houses closed their doora at the insistence of strikers was in the drug stores They had limited their service to drugs during the holiday but with word of its began to sell food candy cigars and mer chandise Patterson had earlier announced 200 retailers had agreed to open taeir establishments Friday in de fiance of the general business holi day imposed by striking union la bor Patterson said the merchants had decided at a meeting to resume business at S a m tomorrow National Guard Ready He said officials had been noti fied and they would be relied upon to furnish protection Five companies of Illinois nation al guardsmen at Peoria stood ready to swing into actioin if orders from Carlos E Black adjutant general were issued Police Chief Donahue had been the object of the ire of the strike committee which declared If he hadnt tried to break up our picket JineS last Monday all this would have been The closingorder Wednesday was issued by strikers to the merchants under penally of having their win dows smashedif they did not com py Cab Operator Near Death Clarence Rupp operator of a cut rate taxicab line and thefirst seri ous casualty of the strike lay in a Pekin a bullet in his chest It was fired at him from am bush Wednesday night as he ans wered a hail from a passing car Doctorssaidhis condition was critical Strike leaders insisted his shooting had no direct connection with the general strike but was due to the cut rates at which Ms cabs operated Mayor a shotgun guard protecting his stood fast in his intention to retain Dona hue as police chief This is a hell of a wayto live in he said nodding his head at a group of three deputies tioned in his house Monterrey Business Again at Standstill MONTERRET terrey business held to standstill for the sscond day Thursday in a protest agaiMt alleged oommurust activrty while authorities sought to end an apparentimpasse which threatened an indefinite suspension of the citys commerce ;