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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 5, 1951, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANI NEICHIORS VOL LVII Associated Frees United Press Full Wires Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 5 1951 This Paper Consists of Two One HOME EDITION mjiu No HI One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Just Trying to Be Fair About It THOSE who are interested in my opinions and Im not vain enough to think the number is very there is at least one subject on which I havent vacillated Ive been extremely critical of the reluctance of the United Nations to brand commu nist China as an aggressor From my point of view the pain fully prolonged debate over this while American boys died under the UN banner in Korea reflected a sorry cowardice on the part of many of the nations pledged to firm collective action against war makers This detracted from my satisfaction from the action tardily taken last week I must admit Because what seemed to me to be a too tender solicitude for a gangster power on the loose be having in insolent defiance of the world peace organization clearly stemmed from and centered in the British commonwealth particular ly in London and in India Ive di rected some sharp words in that general direction Critical of Britain Didnt Britain hasten to give formal recognition to the red regime in China Didnt Britain contend for red Chinas admittance to the UN And didnt Britain more recently seek to avoid the aggressor brand on China My convictions on this general problem have been so sharply drawn that it has been anything but easy for me to assumehonest or honorable motives in those of contrary views Ive aimed some pretty pointed shafts at our com panions in both peace and war for whom usually I resolve my doubts Its difficult for anybody who saw the Britons at close range as they were emerging from their long night of terror in World war II to harbor doubts about their moral fiber or their fundamental courage I saw them rise up and smile after many hellish weeks of pounding by robot bombs And yet despite this I havent been able to escape the conviction that in their recognition of red China then their stand for ad mitting red China to the UN and finally their resistance to pinning the aggressor label on the Chinese reds the British were indulging in some notorious appeasement Repetition of Munich To me frankly it looked like a repeat performance of the Munich sellout which was billed as a guar antee of peace within our times Remember Neville Chamberlain and his famous umbrella of a dozen years ago or so This point of view Ive expressed in editorials and in radio com mentaries One of my preachments came to the attention of a gooc and highly respected English friend Stafford E D Barff direc tor of the British information office in Chicago From him Ive received a friendly and reassuring letter While Im of the same opinion still with respect to the funda mental issues involved this letter has prompted me to grant at least the possibility that in all of this we are dealing with a debatable question And Ive always main tained theres nothing better to do with a debatable question than de bate it Giving the Other Side Unveil Income Sales Tax Boosts AP Wirephoto SCENE normally crowded main concourse of the Grand Central terminal in New York is virtually deserted top Monday as a result of curtailment on the New York Central and New York New Haven and Hart ford railroads because of the strike of railroad switchmen It was a different scene at the Greyhound bus terminal on 34th street below as travelers turned to the bus lines for transportation Seek to Draft Rail Strikers Now Receiving Deferments By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A bill to draft into military service railroad strikers holding occupation deferments was intro duced in congress Monday Rep Andrews DAla pre shipments to terminal markets by rail The Sioux City stockyards no appreciable effect had been DECKER PLANT CURTAILS sented the bill in the house as the SLAUGHTER 25 PER CENT stHkp rnmnlptinfr itc 1st wpplr Tii ij tied completing its new knots in the week nations On more than one occasion Ive taken the time andthe space to present my own point of view Therefore its no more than com mon fairness to let the other side1 be heard That Im going to do in the remainder of this visit with you I dont think stated my Brit ish friend in his letter to me you need to fear that we will let you down over China It is a question of approach and our wellknown though perhaps irritating habit of before you leap It would be all too easy I feel to leap into the China imbroglio without counting the consequences Can we have a limited war un less both sides want it to be lim ited Maybe the others dont wish it to be and it is all part of their great Stalinist plan to confuse divide and conquer on their terms and on their ground Were Natural Allies We shall see but believe me though our approach on isolated issues may be different from yours the ultimate objective is identical and it is my firm belief we cannot do without each other Here I should explain although its fairly selfevident my letter from Stafford Barff British in formation director in Chicago reached me before the UNs quali fied brand of aggressor was stamped on red China This action I should note had the support of Britain and most of her associates in the British commonwealth With the Barff letter was the text of an address by the British ambassador to America Sir Oliver Franks delivered in Milwaukee not long ago This I was assured by Mr Barff clearly and ac CONTINUID ON PAGE 2 transportation system More trains were cancelled more plants were shut down for ack of materials or shipping fa cilities and thousands were thrown into idleness A total deadlock in negotia tions in Washington aimed at set tling wagehour issues behind the walkout was reported by a mem ber of the national railway me diation board Stubborn Case Thomas Bickers board secre tary said Ive been in the busi ness 32 years and Ive never seen any more stubborn case Were still trying to break the ice Earlier a railroad spokesman said there was no truth of rumors of an impending settlement Representatives of 4 railroad unions and the carriers met in separate sessions with the medi ation board in Washington Before the talks started the government mediators called the stoppage a serious roadblock in the way of peace efforts They urged the striking yardmen to go back to work Now in its 2nd week the sick call strike threatened to shut down the entire automobile in dustry 125000 Idle Auto industry sources said car making may stop if the walkout continues another week With 125000 auto workers now idle hey foresaw layoffs rising to 300000 in the country Thousands of other industrial xvorkers had been laid off Just low many were hard to estimate Hundreds of plants were shut 7 down The strike turned New York 2ity into a commuters nightmare Hundreds of thousands of were caught this morning ransit turmoil going to their jobs Their automobiles jammed the lighways bumper to bumper They formed car like n the last war They glutted park ing lots and swarmed into the subways With commuter services of both he New York Central and the Haven railroad tied up only 5 trains were scheduled to leave STew Yorks huge Grand Central erminal Monday IOWA FEELING EFFECTS OF SWITCHMENS STRIKE By The Associated Press Along with the remainder of the nation Iowa was feeling the effects of the switchmens strike n an everincreasing degree Mon day The statefederal market news service in Des Moines said order auyers would be the 1st to feel ihe effects of the tieup so far as livestock shipments are concerned ince they normally move their Hershey Reveals Plan to Draft Childless Husbands 19 to 26 Order Would Need Only Trumans OK Washington ffi Selective Service Director Lewis B Hershey said Monday new regulations are in the works for a draft of mar ried men aged 19 to 26 who have no children Hershey said an order has been drafted for the approval of Pres ident Truman and defense man power agencies which would can cel present deferments for men with one dependent Hershey told the house armed services committee of the pro posed order during hearings on a bill for universal military service and training The bill would make 18year olds subject to the draft Some congress members have been in sisting that young married men ought to be drafted ahead of 18 yearolds No Legislation Necessary Extending the draft to married men in the 1926 age bracket can be done without legislation Al that is required is an executive order from the president Hershey told the committee the proposed order would limit de pendency deferments to 1 Men with one or more chil dren 2 Men with a wife and chil dren 3 Men with more than one de pendent This could be for in stance an aged parent and an in valid sister The proposed order would not affect the deferment of veterans who have no children Those men are deferred as veterans and not as the supporter of dependents Truman O K Seen Hershey said he was virtually certain the interested manpower agencies would approve the or der He said he had been working closely with the secretary of labor and the secretary of defense If they endorse it President Truman presumably would approve it Chairman Vinson DGa told them in a Livestock slaughter at the Jacob E Decker and Sons plant has been curtailed 25 per cent as a result oi transportation tieups connected with the railroad strikes P J Thogerson plant general manager said Monday morning noted there on incoming livestock shipments since these arrive mostly by truck At Omaha Nebr however the union stockyards estimated that cattle receipts were down about 20 per cent as a result of the tieup Packing points reported however that the strike has affected outwardbound fresh meat shipments and this is likely to cause trouble when cold storage facilities are used up At Ottumwa 30 Milwaukee railroad trainmen and enginemen were reported idle Monday due to a reduction in the number of freight trains working out of Ottumwa At Clinton the Clinton foods plant reduced its working shifts due to what a company official described as supply problems arising from the rail he thought selective service should reach drafteligible men who have been deferred because they are serving in national guard or active reserve units Of 26 national guard divisions only 6 have been called into federal service and hundreds of thousands of guardsmen are not available to selective service Vinson said Says New Atomic Arms on Way Washington fP Gen J Lawton Collins declared Monday it is not necessary to match Russia division for division because with new wepaons and techniques the U S army could deal with hordes of men and masses of tanks coming across Europe One of the new weapons which the army chief of staff cited as being not many years away is a guided missile with an atomic warhead In a copyrighted interview with the magazine U S News and World Report published here Collins summarized some of the new weapons and lessons learned in Korea His appraisal of effectiveness of the new weapons was highly optimistic Railroad officials in Mason City said Monday the rail strike has not affected operations HELD FOR EXTORTION Des Moines ff Elroy E Shemanski 25 unemployed Fairfield man was held under bond in Des Moines Monday in connection with an extortion threat against a Fairfield factory executive Shemanski was brought o Des Moines Sunday from Burlington where he was held for safekeeping following his arraignment in Keokuk CHIEF PLEASED Des Moines Albert J Loveland state director of the office of price stabilization said after one week on the job that lowans are meeting price controls with cooperation and patience Industry Group in 40 Equall to a Year New York Unless youve more than doubled your salary in the last 10 years you were better off financially with the salary you earned in 1940 the national responsibilities are no better off possibly worse off than they were 10 years ago the board said AP Wirephoto FIGHTS RESCUERS Gladstone Schiff 25 Manhattan medical student battles with rescuers after his car plunged into a 15 foot deep excavation He fought furiously for 45 minutes before he was removed from the car which landed on its wheels note Schiffs head near running He was pronounced dead on arrival at Bellevue hospital nearby His wife Nancy who identified the body said she could give no rea son for her husbands action He was scheduled to be graduated in May 50 Safest Year Killed Just 90000 Biggest Allied Tank Force Within 5 Miles of Seoul Chicago The U S home front experienced its safest year on record in 1950 but accident casualties still easily outdistanced U S losses in the Korean war The National Safety council to taled the nations 1950 accidents cost Monday and this is what it shows The cost in 000 The first 7 months of the Ko rean war brought the U S com By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo greatest force of allied tanksyet mounted in the Korean war Monday smashed within 5 air miles of Seoul It mauled Chinese red forces al along the route and then with drew to the south The column was one of 3 tank infantry task forces which slugged northward toward the burnedout former South Korean capital Lt Gen Matthew B Ridg way 8th army commander watched the main assault at the front The big punch fell on Chinese reds dug in on the hills arounc Anyang 9 air miles south of Se oul Rolling behind a terrific aeri al and artillery blasting the task force took Anyangs smoking bat casualties to 6897 killed action 30615 wounded and 9302 rums almost unopposed missing in action slashed on northward The overall deaths from acci dents however was 1000 less than in 1949 The death rate of 599 per 100000 population is the low est on record Fatalities in motor vehicle acci dents jumped 11 per cent to 35000 highest toll since 1941 The 1949 toll was 31500 Fatalities in home accidents the 11 31000 to 27500 a n d But the 4 miles beyond Anyang were bitterly contested One staff officer told AP Correspondent Jim Becker the column got into a hell of a battle and added We killed a hell of a lot of them The main allied spearhead and another 6 miles to the west were executing what frontline officers called a double envelopment within a double envelopment Becker reported to the west met even more fierce f IU LUC WC3L CVCli JIHJ1C Jlcnc Deaths from occupational acciiresistancc It managed to make per a sUghtIy total Deaths in public accidents ex A married wage earner with 2 inj children or other dependents who earned in 1940 needs j trial conference board said Mon day A man who earned b h 1940 would have to have a or lz per cent morc to Duy lne a year income today to have equal purchasing power the board re ported The board noted that higher in come taxes along with higher prices have delivered a onetwo punch1 to the dollar increases of persons whose incomes have in creased over the last decade Many persons who doubled their income and who may have moved up lo better positions with same goods today the boards sur vey of prices and incomes showed The depreciation of the dollar was mostly responsible for the plight of the a year man the board said But the higher the starting in come bracket the higher the in crease must be to end up on the samo or better footing because taxes take a bigger bite at the higher levels cluding motor vehicle dropped 10 per 15500 to 14000 One out of every 17 persons in he U S suffered a disabling in ury The Estimated economic loss covers fatal and nonfatal accidents wage losses medical expenses overhead costs of insurance for all accidents production delays damage to equipment in occupational acci dents and property damage from traffic accidents and fires D6 By The Associated Press Six lowans were killed weekend traffic accidents 3 of them in a twocar crash near Dyersville in which 8 other per sons were injured yardage This into heavy enemy pressure and stalled about 5 miles west of Anyang Becker added An 8th army spokesman said the 3pronged thrust may be de scribed as the greatest exploita tion of armor during the Korean Arbitration Slated in Oliver Dispute Against Union Charles City arbitra tion hearing on Oliver corporation grievances against Local 115 of the United Electrical Workers will be held here Wednesday morning The company grievances arise from what it termed illegal strikes on Jan 10 and Jan 18 when foundry workers left their jobs in a piece rate dispute Clarence M Updegraff Iowa uni versity law school professor and permanent arbitrator under the companys contract will conduct the hearing arranged at Olivers request Hearing of a company request Cor a temporary injunction against picketing was moved back to next Monday by agreement of both the union and the Oliyer It had been scheduled for Wednesday Plant workers have been on strike since Jan 26 A company spokesman said that 380 shop unit employes reported for work Monday He called this a substantial increase over Fri day Charles Hobbie Cedar ilapids UE international represen ative said fewer workers went nto the plant Monday than Fri day when he estimated 106 em ployes reported He added however the ap proach of our tank columns to ward Seoul should be regarded as of no particular significance at this time Two of the columns he said had returned to allied lines and the 3rd is on its way back He described the coordinated thrusts deep into red territory as de signed to inflict as much damage as possible and then retire Becker described ihe action as meant lo catch the Chinese and inicrush thorn in a huge bear hug MINE SWEEPER SUNK Washington American Weather Report FORECAST Wason City Cloudy and warmer Monday night and Tuesday Light snow or snow flurries Tuesday Low Monday night 10 to 15 High Tuesday about 30 towa Mostly cloudy and warmer Monday night with snow flur ries north Low Monday night 15 northeast 25 fo 30 southwest Cloudy and rather mild Tuesday with snow flurries north sqat tered light rain or drizzle south High Tuesday 25 to 30 north east 35 southwest Further out look Colder Tuesday night with low 12 northeast 18 southwest Wednesday cold snow flurries and Gas Tax Is Doubled Cigarets Up Would Jump Auto Tax From 7 to 20 Per Cent at Plant Washington The Truman administration asked congress Monday to add 4 percentage point LO federal income tax rates dou ble the tax on gasoline and sharp ly boost levies on cigarets auto mobiles appliances and other items The program which would hit the pocketbooks of millions of taxpayers would nearly triple the excise tax on automobiles and more than double the tax on tele vision and radio sets refrigerators and other appliances Three cents a pack would added to the excise tax on cigar ets making the total 10 cents a pack The excise on whisky would up about 60 cents a fifth and the tax on an ordinary bottle of beer would be raised 13 cents The income tax increase would figure out at 20 per cent over pres ent rates for single persons with ncome up to and for mar ried couples with income up to 5000 It would then scale down o 47 per cent for a married couple with income of All treasury figures submitted with the proposal related the quested new rates to those in ef fect now under the tax hike voted by congress last fall Those rates Heres How to Figure Your Tax Increase Washington income tax bill will go for every of taxable income if congress adopts the program outlined Mon day by Secretary of the Treasury Snyder Heres how you can figure the increase Take your total income less anything that can be deducted as business expense and deduct 10 per cent for church charity and so on to a maximum of for a single person and for a From the balance subtract S600 for each person qualifying as an exemption for the tax payer for yourself and each for your wife and children For each of the amount re maining there will be a in crease in taxes To figure it more precisely cal culate 4 per cent of the income to al left after deductions and ex emptions and youll come up with he exact amount of increase over what your taxes would be if the present tax law were in effect for a full year The tax increase voted last year applied the higher rates only to onefourth of 1950 income since t was made effective Oct 1 however were applicable to only onefourth of 1950 income since he increase was not made effec ive until October 1 The proposed excise increases vould mean a boost of 13 per cent 7 to 20 per auto evies and 15 per 10 to 25 per television and ra lio sets The 7 cent a pack cigar it tax would go up to 10 cents nd the gasoline tax would be doubled going from It cents a gal lon to 3 cents Outlined to Committee Secretary of Treasury Snyder outlined these proposals to the house ways and means committee as part of the administrations first installment tax boost The plan calls for a 000 increase in individual income taxes a hike in cor poration income taxes and a 000000000 raise in excise sales taxes President Truman told congress last Friday the first round hike will be followed by another re quest for an increase of about later this year Other basic proposals laid be fore the house committee by Sny der Change Capital Gains 1 A boost in the capital gains tax from a flat 25 per cent to 37 and 1 per cent The present tax applies to profits from sale of property held 6 months or more The Dycrsville accident took thcimine sweeper Partridge hit a mine Minnesota Cloudv with snow over06 woul require a min entire state Monday nifiht andiimum Penod oneyear Tuesday Somewhat higher qualify for the capital gams tax lives of Gilbert Claussen ofoff Korea Friday and sank with Goose Lake 39 his wife Ann 4 dead 4 missing and 7 wounded and Ralph Orr 48 of Onslow Herman Charlson 38 Akron painter was killed early Sunday when his car went out of control on an icy near Hartley on highway 18 He was thrown froin the car when it plunged into a ditch At Boone Mrs Alma B Nygren about 65 was fatally injured in a carpedestrian accident Sunday night At Davenport James Flannery 76 died Sunday night of injuries suffered when he was hit by a city bus early Saturday morning the navy announced Sunday SAME 40 iBUck flu truffle Si peratures Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night around zero north and 10 above south High Tuesday 10 north 20 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Feb 5 Maximum 25 Minimum At 8 a m 2 YEAR AGO Maximum 32 Minimum 19 in place of straight income tax 2 Corporation income An increase of 8 percentage points in normal income tax for corpor ations adding in tax to each of profit This would lift the rate from 25 lo 33 per cent on corporations with profits below and from 47 to 55 per cent on those with higher profits Corporations with profits in the excess class would con tinue to pay an extra 30 per cent on the amount deemed excess The to 323000 corporations as com ;