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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCMftTMCMT Of Hi STORY AND ARCHIVES iA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iTrnm VOUU Anociatcd United Pros Full Ixucd Wins Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 5 1945 This Paper Cooslstfl of Two MO One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Miion CUr p B WOI Wcftnesfir p to W8UI City WetnudlV p m WXAD Qlliner 111 KSCJ Slonz CUT p m Congress Needs a Little Streamlining mHEHE is no denying that the 1 legislative branch of our fed eral government otherwise known as congress has pretty much falien into disrepute these past lew years Right now its stand ing in rank file opinion isnt too high It isnt as high as either the executive or the judicial branches specifically the taken the blame for our countrys failure to enter the league of nations after the last war and on a broader base for our nations general policy of iso lationism With the voice of na tional authority congress said Let the world stew in Us own juice In the early years of the pres ent administration congress ac quired the designation of rubber TAKE NORTH HALF OF MANILA Reds Mass Along 140 Mile Front on Oder River REPORT JAPS MAKING STAND SOUTH OF RIVER NAZIS REPORT HEAVY ATTACKS NEAR KUSTRIN Russians Threaten To Outflank Berlin From North South London Berlin radio said Monday that particularly massive Russian forces had reached the Oder river at Kienitz northwest of the fortress of Kus trin and but 30 miles from Ber quired stamp gnation by going along with the president on almost every pro posal originating in the white house as a part of the socalled new deal Congress has abdi cated to the president people observed AT the present time our new congress is in the process of organizing its setup of multi tudinous standing committees Leadership in the desirable and important committees is quite largely determined by seniority The test is How LONG have you How well Ah exampleof how this method works out is provided by the sen ate foreign relations committee Under the democrats this com mittees most vocal member has been Sen Bob Reynolds of North Carolina an archisolationist He was chosen on a basis of senior because he was qualified not because his fellow senators wanted himThe evidence is that lin Other forces reached the river below Frankfurt the broadcast said The Germans said Marshal Ivan Konev had lashed out from his bridgeheads south of Breslau in Silesia and deepened his foothold to 12 miles Konev attacked from both sides of Brieg about midway between Breslau and Oppeln the Germans said and reached the area of Grottkau 12 miles west of the Oder and about 24 miles north west of Oppeln A soviet breakthrough in this area might send the Russians surging toward Dresden a city of 625000 140 miles west of Breslau and 90 miles south of Berlin While the new attack was not confirmed by Moscow dispatches from the soviet capital indicated big news might be expected from Konevs first Ukrainian army front shortly In the central front Berlin ad mitted that German bridgeheads on the east side of the Oder in had beencut Up Veterans Appropriation 113 Per Cent Washington 000 independent offices supply bill was sent to the house Monday by the appropriations committee It will finance the activities of more thana score of agencies and their subsidiaries during the 12 months starting next July 1 Except for the veterans admin istration carrying a huge and steadilyincreasing load growing out of World war U almost every agency had its funds sharply cut The total in the bill is some 321042000 below funds given the same departments for the curren year An increase of 113 per cent i provided in the veterans adminis tration outlay The decrease was due primar ily to the fact that no funds wer sought for continuation of th maritime commissiorvs ship con struction program which receivec YANKS RELEASE 3700 CIVILIANS IN PHILIPPINES Correspondent Finds Wife After 3 Years of Separation By FKANK HEWLETT United Press War Correspondent Manila Feb 3 3700 thin hungry allied civilians 2500 of them Americans cried a hyster cal welcome to liberating Ameri can troops at the Santo Toma university internment camp to night Among them was my wife Vir ginia from whom I parted o New Years eve of 1942 to go U Bataan with Gen Douglas Mac If the republicans had won eohf trol of the senate this j year1 this same seiniorlty rule vfonld have washed up i the venerable Hiram Johnson of California as chair man ofthe foreign relations com mittee His isolationism is of even longer standing than that of North Carolinas Bob Reynolds Along with Sens and Borah he was instrumental in barringAmerica from the league of nations A CONSIDERABLE part of the country breathed a sigh of relief when word came through that Gerald Nye of North Dakota and Ham Fish of New York were defeated in the November elec tions There was solace in this news even for worldminded re publicans Both throughout their extended legislative careers had operated on the theory that Americas foreign policy should be one of ignoring the rest of the officialMoscow nouhcements told of the of Barwalde 38 Guiles northeast bl the German capital in an 18mile advance which outflanked Kustrin on the north and placed Russian spearheads within 45 miles of the Baltic port of Stettin at the mouth of the Oder Zhukovs tanks thrusting toward Stettin in a threat to topple that port and circle Berlin on the north weretraveling in radio silence Moscow said but were believed to be cutting behind enemy groups and causing great damage German accounts far ahead of official Moscow announcements in that area told of red army pene trations to the area of Schwedt on the Oder 28 miles south of Stettin the region of Pyritz ZZ miles w utheast of Stettin world Satisfaction from this source lowever has been very much blunted by the announcement not last year Congress already has financed the shipbuilding program which has seen 4561 largetype and 1215 barges and powerboats added to Uncle Sams merchant since 1936 in addition to 1300 vessels scheduled for delivery this year The 52707119250 recommend ed for the veterans administration is a boost of over current year funds and reflects the added costs of administering new legislation including the GI bill of rights The committee approved to the penny a budget recommendation of for constructing hospital and domiciliary facilities providing 14100 additional beds 18 new VOtheroia jor outlays approved for the veterans agency included 227675000 f or administration and operation of existing facilities 080150000 for compensation pen sions and allowances to veterans and their dependents about half of which is for World war II vet erans and for pay ments to the national service life insurance fund for obligations un der service mens insurance poli cies Large outlays recommended for other agencies included Civil service retirement and disability und federal works gency The committee chopped 180000 from a fund re juested for public works advance ilanning under the war mobiliza ion and reconversion act com Arthur She insisted behind in Manila as on staying a nurse in long ago Wiley of that Sen Wisconsin Alexander will take Gerald Nyes place on the for eign relations committee His iso lationism is almost as pronounced as Nyes Another manifestation of the seniority rule in operation Looking back 25 years one re calls that a minority of the sen ates total membership kept United States out of the league of nations The president was for going in Snd so was the major ity of the senate We refer to this as rule when as a matter of fact its rule by ELL these are some of the things that have contributed to the low esteem in which con gress has been and is now held Whats to be done about it Com w plaining and poking fun at con gress wont solve the problem Neither will altering a few rules The subject is one that calls for some solid thinking And thals just what it received one day last month at a meeting called in Chi cago by the National Planning as sociation Allan B Kline of Vinton president of the Iowa Farm Bu reau federation is a member of that organizations governing board first order of business at this meeting was studying a scholarly report by Robert Heller of Cleve land Ohio member of a firm which specializes in management problems for business By no test that could be applied is he a starryeyed visionary Ten years ago Mr Heller participated in what has been called the big gest managementadvising job to moderniiation of Unit ed States Steel corporation This time his subject was the branch of our federal government and his report ap peared under the title of Strengthening the Congress He proceeded from the premise that congress should be less in the scheme of things and he presented a plaus Continued on Page X Zhukovs forces in the bulge between Ihe OderKind Warthe poised a southwardflanking threat by the capture of Ziebingen 13 miles southeast of Frankfurt and 5 miles from the Oder German underground reports re ceived in London said the Ger mans already were building flying bomb ramps 50 miles west of Ber lin and facing the German capital for use against the city if it falls to the Russians In East Prussia German resist ance was in its final stages with enemyheld territory reduced to about 800 square miles and prac tically eiery small port in the Ko nigsberg area in Russian hands The Russian communique also announced new gains north ant northwest of Konigsberg in Eas Prussia that split the German forces on the Samland peninsula where the nazis were being press ed against the Baltic and annihi lated The soviet war bulletin sale large groups of German soldier surrendered in that sector after i I LI Uld V O7VIU4 elilCJ first killing SS elite guard nazi KpTinrf 3 Oil T officers who forced them to con Santa Catalina hospital I found her there today recov ering from a nervous breakdown Doctors said she would have fully recovered now if she had had suf ficient good food Though never a big girl her weight has dropped to 80 pounds but I found her in excellent spirits The Japanese were routed quickly from most of the build ings in the camp area but still were holding out in the former ed ucation building of Santo Tomas university late tonight with nearly 300 American Dutch and British internees as semihostages Troops of Brig Gen William C Chases mechanized flying column surrounded the building but hes to use machineguns or other automatic fear of hitting the civilians The civilians none thele s s shouted encouragement and ad vice from the windows of the be sieged building They included many women and children Hewlett in a later dispatch said a truce was arranged under which the 221 internees were re leased unharmed and the Japan ese force of6a men under Colonel Hayashi was permitted to leave the university area unmolested The internees were so overjoyed at the arrival of the American troops that they insisted on lifting them to their thin emaciated shoulders and carrying the sol diers through the buildings Robert Crabb another member MacARTHUR VIEWS AIRFIELD WRECKAGE Gen Douglas MacArthur looks over the wreckage of Japanese planes on Mabalacat airfield near Bamban on the road to Ma nila Philippine capital which was entered by the Yanks Sunday At left is Col Lloyd Lehrbas aide to MacArthur Allied Troops SlasR Colmar Pocket in Two menting that progress should be made slowly on this project until a more accurate picture can be obtained from the states as to vhat the postwar demand will be Backing up his request for ad ditional funds Brig Gen Frank C Hines veterans administrator old the committee the average daily hospital load in veterans fa cilities will reach 90172 in 1946 These cases are in addition to vet erans receiving treatment in army and navy hospitals Eventually of the former United Press staff in Manila his wife and two chil dren were among those set free A special announcement from Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs head quarters said the names of the res cued internees would be released to the press and radio as soon as they are Chaseafter a personal inspec tion of the concentration camp described conditions as most piti ful Most of the internees he said were suffering from malnn TRAP ELEMENTS OF 3 DIVISIONS 1st Army Captures One of Roer Dams Paris tanks and French Moroccan mountain troops cut the Colmar pocket in two Monday trapping elements of nines added 300000 beds will be trition and were practically skin needed by his organization During the coming year Hines said 600000 loans to veterans un der the G I bill of rights will be guaranteed over 371700 veterans will receive readjustment allow ances approximately 239000 claims for insurance benefits will be received nearly 400000 veter ans will be receiving education or vocational rehabilitation aud the number of veterans and depen dents of decreased veterans of pension and compensation rolls will reach 974821 officers who forced them to con tinue the struggle The Russians also captured 70 other towns in East Prussiaand with the fall of Cranz occupied an 8 mile stretch of the Baltic coast extending southwest from that city The Germans now hold only ap proximately 800 square tniles of East Prussias 14238 square miles That holding is in the area south west of Konigsberg Burning in N Y Bay New York oil tank ers were reported afire in lower New York Bay Monday morning Flames shot 100 feet into the air and burning oil on the waters for a time threatened the Brook lyn waterfront it was said Ac cording to unconfirmed reports the fire started after a collision BLOOD DONOR INFORMATION HEADQUARTERS Y M C A banquet room Mason City Telephone 960 HOURS 1 to 5 p m Monday 10 o m to p m Tuesday Wednesday and Thursday 9 a m to p m Friday DONORS SHOULD Keep appointments promptlyEat no fatty food for ot least 4 hours before donating Wear clothing with sleeves which can be rolled up Bring donor cards if they have contributed blood before Ob tain the written consent of parent guardian or mate if under 21 KEEP APPOINTMENTS PROMPTLY perhaps 3 German divisions the Vosges mountains south Strasbourg American tanks of Maj Gen Frank W Milburns 21st corps crashed down from south of Col mar while the Moroccans ad vanced from north of Mulhouse in a combined gainof 8 miles The pocket reduced to less than 200 nd bones square miles by midnight was It would break your heart to virtually erased and the threat to ook at them he said trasbourc from the south was He urged that first urged that first priorily hould be given food and medical upplies for the internees A broadcast from Luzon said reat motor convoys with doctors ted Cross staffmen and enough quipment to build a large hospi al were wailing north of Manila o enter the city as soon as bridges They were also ringing 12000 letters and other messages to the internees the jroadcast The rescue was the 2nd mass re ease of allied prisoners in 5 nights Tuesday night American rangers and Filipino guerrillas re eased more than 500 American and other allied internees at the Cabanatnan concentration camp north of Manila We moved down Avenue Rizal several blocks then the column split withhalf of it taking up pe rimeter positions and the remain der moving on to Santo Tomas Civilians mobbed our vehicles cheering and offering us portions of their meager food supplies They passed out iced water besr anc liquon The women were weeping while the men saluted and chil dren squealed in delight But the Santo Tomas reception was even more delirious A grenade hurled from the Jap guardhouse at the entrance to the prison camp delayed us until tanks were brought up nnder the orders of Maj James Gearhart Santa Fe N Mex a rangy officer who says he knew personally almost every New Mexico national guardsman taken prisoner on Bataan Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy liminated In the center ot the western where the American first rmy has penetrated the Siegfried ne infantry captured one of the loer river headwater dams and on high ground controlling an ther The Americans were fighting 3 miles inside Germany in the Schifee Eifcl snow nd were within a mile of Gemund nd Schleiden Siegfried line bas ions at the eastern edge of the ast west wall fortifications Bat le dispalches said the line had een broken clear through be ween the German towns at a point 28 miles from the Rhine city of Bonn and 16 from the com munications hub of Euskirchen Just north of the clean Sieg fried line break infantry ad vanced to the Urll lake within sight of the 1st of the Roer river dams conlrolling flood levels on hal barrier stream before Co logne South in Alsace the Colmar death pocket fast was becomin just memory French and American Iroops driving into th CrossRhine pocket south o Strasbourg moved within 8 miles of a junction thai would split anc dissolve the German front Fighting within a mile of Neuf Brisach the U S 21st corp shelled repeatedly the steel an concrete rail bridge across th Rhine More than a doien Alsa ttan towns including Cernay wer taken The U S 3rd army fighting miles inside Germany just soul of Hodges command advanced mile and were within 3li strongly fortified Prum one of th stoulest Siegfried line defensiv poinls At points the 3rd army was Hi miles deep in the Sieg fried line and within Ihree quar ters of a mile of bypassed Brandscheid key German defense point The 1st army front like that of the U S 9th army along the Roer io the north within 20 miles of Cologne was wholly inside Ger many Hodges divisions were within 16 miles of the major traf fic center of Euskirchen the cap ture of which would embarrass German communications between the north and south ends of the whole western front Supreme headquarters had no confirmation of front reports that the Americans had burst into the open beyond the last Siegfried for tifications At places other than the spot where the clean break was reported the 1st army was fighting in the last mile stretch of the 2nd section of the Siegfried line Moving to the Eft lake the 1st rmy overran the nazi shrine and fficers training camp of Vogel amp often visited by Hitler and aptured its cluster of barracks 60 er cent intact Altogether 4 divisions of the i st army were pouring through i reaches of the western belt of legfried line fortifications and losing up to the eastern chain f concrete positions on a 12mile ront Though storms and freezing ain made observation difficult RAF heavy bombers overnight jattered Bonn while smaller jombers tangled rail targels in the reat triangle formed by Hamm Cologne and Coblenz They ex tended their attacks back to Hann over and Magdeburg Thaw was turning the baltle round into slush Clouds were rarely treetop high this morning and rain in the north and fog all the way south to the Schnee for est handicapped operalions Brilish and Canadian Iroops a1 the exlreme northern end of the western front stepped up their pa trolling along the Maas from south of Venlo to the Nijmegen bend The 3rd army fighting south of the 1st in its current operations overrun 65 square miles of Ger many pressing5 miles inside the reich on a 13mile front It ha penetrated the Siegfried line at 3 places A French 1st army communique reported the capture of 2200 pris oners and mfich booty in dissolv ing the Colmar pocket The Frencl 1st corps clear the Thur river from Cernay to Ensisheim and the com munique said the United Slate 21st corps broke the defenses o Neuf Brisach one afler another Herring Has Information 3flag 64 Prison Camp to Des Moiiies L Her Say President Osmena Arrived to Enter Capital With MacArthur Manila Ameri can troops seized control of virtu ally all the northern half of burn ing starving Manila Monday after freeing 3700 imprisoned Ameri can and British civilians and cap turing Ihe presidential palace The 1st cavalry and 37th infan try divisions stabbed into the heart of the Philippines capital from the east and north and rap idly were mopping up the last enemy pockets north of the Pasig river which bisects the city South of the 200 to 300 yard wide river several thousand crack Japanese marines were blasting and burning docks warehouses bridges and other vital ihslalla lions preparatory to what may de velop into a lastman stand in the southern half of the capital Gen Douglas MacArthur at last repprls was wailing impa tiently in the northern suburbs for the bridging of 1 last river for a triumphal entry into the city he vas forced to abandonto its fate 3 years 1 month and 3 days ago A CBS broadcast from Luzon said President Sergio Osmena and lesldent Commissioner Gen Car os P Romulo landed at a Luzon airport from Washington Sunday and south to join Mac Arthur in his return to Manila Royal Arch Gunnison of the Mutual nelwork jubilanlly re ported lhal Manila had been lib eraled bul all other sources em phasized thai Ihe southern part of the city still was in Japanese vj Tokyo conceded afterTSTa mlpMonday t b giitheI Americans from the north and east in forces outnumbering the Japanese garri son f The 3000 American and British civilian internees were rescued by a mechanized flying column of the 1st cavalry division at the Santo Tomas university concen tration camp in the heart of Ma nila Saturday night after a spec tacular 100 mile advance in 36 hours i Virtually all of the buildings in the camp area including the in famous ancient Bilibid prison had been cleared of Japanese by Sunday night The Americans fought literally from room to room for some of the buildings Brig Gen William C Chase of ring former United States sena tor said Monday that lheGerman Baltililore wno cornmanded Ihe i ft i oiiLiiiuui wnu Luinnidiiucu LUC prison camp known as Oflag rescuing wedge said Ihe had been moved from Po and to mtn intornces Slalag 36A at Luchenwalde 30 Umost pitiful miles south of Berlin The for They are gkin and mer senators son Capt Clyde E bo hfi said u WQuld break Herring is one of several lowans your heart to look at them known to have been imprisoned Qther eiements of the lst cav there ajry division pressed on to the Herring said Col Thomas rase north bank of the Pasig river and former commander of the IbBtn seized the Malacanan palace for rcgiment of the 34th division who mer residence of the American was a prisoner in Ihe camp unlil governors general and later the exchanged told him of the move seat the QUMOn government The report had been verified by1 the state department at Switzerland Drake said Capt City has been last summer in Oflag 64 The 37th infantry division en Bern Manjia Irom tnc north al a m Sunday antl by early i afternoon was within a few hun W C Whorley Mason drcd vards of a junction with the prisoner since lst cavally units ot Samo Tomas The infantrymen overran the Grace Park airfield in the norlh MARCH DRAFT HIGHEU ern suburbs of Manila Though Des Monies selective pjttcd by American bombs il was eadquarters said Saturday thai cxpectcd to be repaired quickly he March draft call for Iowa At ieast one artiiiery observation ould be slightly larger than aiready has landed there ebruarys call Brig Gen Charles Both jne lst and 37th H Grahl state director estimated divisions met only sniper and ma he January call as about GO per chinegun fire in their advances ent than thai for the capital but fierce fighting er and Februarys about twice he December call Weather Report FORECAST was expected when they attempt u force the Pasig to clean out the remainder of the city It may hbe a hell of a job one high officer said it may be sev eral days before we have the city cleaned out but the Japs have no Mason cloudy MonI chance now day night and Tuesday ConThe Japanese garrison was tinued cold Monday night Lowdoomed to death or surrender Its est about 10 below Rising ternj escape lo the south already had perature Tuesday been cut off by Ihe 511th para troop regiment ol the Ill Iowa Fair Monday night Colder bornc divisions which scized Tag in extreme cast portion Tues aytay Rjdgc and dty 30 miles bfi day increasing cloudiness with rising temperature Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and rising temperature Monday night with occasional light snow beginning over extreme north west portion Tuesday lighl snow wilh little change in tem perature north portion and mostly cloudy with rising tem perature south portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 26 Minimum Sunday minus 10 At 8 a m Monday minus 8 YEAR AGO Maximum 50 Minimum 29 Precipitation trace low the capital Saturday morning By Saturday night the para troops were only 18 miles south o Manila and advancing against light opposition The lllh corps moving toward Manila bay from the west coast of Luzon was believed on the point of sealing off the Bataan penin sula The first cavalry and 37th divi sions found northern Manila little damaged though several fires were burning in the area Great clouds of smoke from the area south of the Pasig river however cast a huge pall over Ihe capital Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;