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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 5, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CGP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A NO ARCHIVES DES WOlfrtS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS PULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 5 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 102 NAZIS NEAR COLLAPSE IN CAUCASUS Report Jap Fleet Heading South AIR OBSERVERS REPORT 30 TO 40 SHIPS SEEN Warships Included in Boats Sighted 150 Miles North of Guadalcanal By THE ASSOCIAtED PRESS First word of a large Japanese seaborne force bearing down on Guadalcanal island came in de layed dispatches from the south seas battlefront Friday as official secrecy continued to shroud de velopments in an expected show down battle between the American and Japanese fleets In Washington the navy re ported recurrent engagements by opposing naval and air forces In the Solomon islands theater but declared that Tokio radio reports of a big naval fight al ready in progress were false Amid the tense hiatus censor passed dispatches from Guadal canal dated Feb 1 declared Aerial observers reported Mon day night that a large force o Jap warships headed for Guadal canal Some observers think the Japs hope to bolster their totter Guadalcanal ground force with reinforcements The dispatch quoted Flight Lea der Major Narce Whitaker o Toxana Ky as saying he ob served between 30 and 40 Japa nese ships many of them war ships in SJjprtland harbor 150 miles A Tokio broadcast1 had prev iously asserted without confirma tion that Japanese forces at tacked American warshipsofI Hennell island 100 miles southof Guadalcanal on Feb I the date CftME GUADALCANA s USBASE JAPANESE BASES Mttes aoo WHERE BATTLE series of engagements be tween Japanese and American sea and air forces is re ported in progress among the southern Solomon islands of the Guadalcanal dispatch There was no immediate indi cation either from Washington or Guadalcanal itself that the Japanese bait been able to land reinforcements on the prize is land although latest advices said American planes strafed enemy barges off Guadalcanal on Tuesday The navy said however that U S army troops still were pressing forward against Japanese positions on the island killing 39 enemy troops and driving the invaders from positions west of the Bonegi river The navy said details of clashes at sea would not be disclosed as long as such information might jeopardize ihe safety of our forces While authoritative comment remained almost negligible the rising tempo of allied aerial blows touched off speculation that a united nations offensive might be imminent against Japanese strong holds iil the central and northern Solomons For days MacArthurs headquarters has rc perials driving back into Burma from India were reported locked in fierce battle with Japanese forces on the Mayu peninsula along the Buy of Bengal Frontline dispatches said the British beat off two savage Japa nese counterattacks in the Dondaik sector Thursday inflicting heavy losses and were putting strong pressure on the enemy General Wavclls troops fight ing against stronglyentrenched Japanese along the beaches and coastal swamps have penetrated o within about 25 miles of the big enernybaseatAkyab at thenear est point In the skies Americanmade lib erator bombers of the RAF rained 1000pound explosives on Ran goon and other RAF planes at acked Japanese positions at Rathedaung and bombed the en emy airdrome at Magwe Jury Starts Deliberations in Flynn Case HOLLYWOOD trial of Errol Flynn accused on three counts of statutory rape went to a jury shortly before noon Friday NAME ANDREWS HEAD OF U S EUROPE FORCES New Commander Pledges AH Out Aerial War Against Germany LONDON UR Lieut Gen Frank M Andrews veteran of the Panama Canal command ami Middle East became command ing general of the United States forces in the European theater Friday and promptly pledged all out aerial warfare against Ger many Andrews born in Nashville Iciin in 1884 takes over tlie post formerly held by Lieut Gen Dwieht D Eisenhower now allied supreme commander In North Africa Eisenhowers North African command is unaffected by An drews appointment Presumably the European and North African commands will be separate from now on The appointment of Andrews emphasizes that the allies arc go ing to increase the weight of their air offensive against Germany as a softening up process preli minary to invasion In the early phases ot the war past Gen Douglas ported incessant and increasingly violent allied air attacks on en emy bases stretching across hun dreds of miles of the South Seas Archipelago and adjoining islands These could serve either as softening up assaults paving the way for an allied seaborne offensive or as defensive smashes to cripple the sources of enemy supply In Fridays communique Gen MacArthur reported that united nations airmen unloaded bombs lor three solid hours on the Japa nese airdrome at Buin 300 miles northwest Guadalcanal and spread destruction from one end of New Britain island to the other Japans main feeder base for both the New Guinea and Solomon Points Out U S Navy Outnumbered in Pacific War BY REAR ADM YATES STIR LING JR USN RETIRED Written for The United Press It might be well for the Ameri can public to prepare for possible bad news from the south Pacific The fact that navy department communiques for days have with held information regarding naval and air engagements in the Solo mons area is somewhat ominous The navy says no news will be released as long as such action might jeopardize U S forces in that area now or in the future The only news which could be of great value to the Japanese would be news of American losses Although our gallant navy and air forces have won several vic tories against the Japanese at no time since Pearl Harbor have our naval forces in the Pacific been equal numerically to the Japanese Unquestionably that still holds we nrc outnumbered in the present battle area particular ly in aircraft carriers And if the Japanese choose to risk them they have available a clear preponder ance of capital ships In addition to the advantage of superior numbers the enemy has the advantage of nearer bases and more of them while the handsome movie hero fidgeted in his seat in the court room fudge LeslieE Still cautioned the nine women anoVthree men on the jury to remember that con sent is no mitigating circumstance when it involves teen age girls such as the 17 year old Betty Han sen and the Iff year old Peggy Satterlee who accussed Flynn You jurors of course he said are not required to believe any thing as jurors that you would not believe in the ordinary walk of life And I must insist that you have an abidine conviction to a moral certainty before you reach any decision Still told the jurors that mere opportunity for a criminal attack was not sufficient to create legal possibility that such an incident did occur California law in such cases also recognizes that there is an oppor tunity for free play of personal malice and vengeance he added Andrews was responsible for the defense of the Caribbean area including the Panama CanaL Later he was transferred to the post of commander of United States forces inthe Middle East and received the service medal for distinguished the part he HERO GETS Roosevelt awards the congressional medal of honor to Mitj Gen Alexander A Vandegrift of the marines for outstanding and heroic accom plishment under adverse conditions against the Japs in the Solomon Mrs Vsmdegrift assists the president as Maj A A Vandegrift Jr looks on This was the presidents first camera appearance since his return from his African trip Senate Action on Rutledge Nomination Delayed Until Monday WASHINGTON if Senate confirmation of fudge Wiley Blount Rulledge of Iowa to the supreme court has been delayed until Monday Postponement of senate action came laic Thursday when Demo cratic Leader Barkley of Ken lucky told reporters Senator Liingcr RN Drk had notified him he wanted to make a 30 min ute speech against RutledRe played in the defeat of Marshal Erwin Rommels Afrika Korps Andrews Is one of the best known air officers in the American army In response to questions Friday he said he planned to continue and inten sify the daylight bombing of Germany American planes al ready have made two raids on northwestern Germany Asked if he had any plans for inter rupting the sleep of Marshal Hermann Gocrin Andrews said he did not contemplate nicht bombing by American pilots I understand that somebody else is taking care of interrupting Goerings sleep Andrews said referring to the RAF night raids on Germany I also understand that they interrupted Goerings speech That was a reference to the raid the British made last Saturday on Berlin just as Goering was about to speak in celebration ol the 10th anniversary of the nazi partys accession RAF lashes Italy Germany campaigns is New Britain It was the located at Rabaul sixth consecutive night attack on Rabaul The communique said other tar gets in New Britain included Wide Bay where an enemy warship was bombed Gosmata where heavy bombers twice attacked the air drome starting big fires and Cape Gloucester airfield which was raided twice Allied warplanes also bombed and strafed enemy bases at Sala maua New Guinea and on the Aroe islands to the west In ground fighting allied troops continued to press Japanese forces southwest of Salamaua killing 88 of the enemy n attacks near Wau BRITISH JAPS LOCKED IN MAJOR PENINSULA BATTLE Other far Pacific movements Burma Marshal Sir Archibald P Wavclls British im I dont believe there be Cab of Flaming Oil Truck Carried Mile by Train in Accident LA GRANGE III Bur lington passenger train struck a truck containing nearly 3000 gal lons of oil at a downtown cross ing Thursday night killing the driver and seriously burning two trainmen The train cut the truck in two set the oil aflame and carried the cab containing the body of Driv er Elbridge Arnold Crowley 27 Rio Wis nearly a mile before stopping Engineer John Phclan and Fire man John Ryan both of Aurora battled flames in the cab before they could halt the tram Both were laken to a hospitalior treatment another vote against Judge Rul leclgc Barkley said Langer told reporters he would speak against confirmation be cause I dont think Judge Rut ledge has had the practical ex perience to qualify him for a place on the supreme court Rutledge now is a member of the court of appeals for the Dis trict of Columbia GRANVTLLE 79 DIES CHICAGO Pi William A Granville 79 insurance company executive author of a calculus book used in most American schools and a former president of Gettysburg college and onetime president of the American Federa tion of Lutheran Brotherhoods died Thursday He was born at White Rock Minn i Defer Action for One Week on Weichman AntiPicketBill NIGHT ASSAULTS ARE EXTENSIVE Big Formations Again Head for North France LONDON W The RAF bombed Turin and Spezia rcaval base in northern Italy Thursday night and simultaneously attacked the Ruhr and the German subma rine base at Lorietnt in France it was announced Friday RAF traffic started across the channel again in midafternoon Friday with big bombing forma tions heading for northern France under escort of spitfire squadrons Only three bombers were re ported lost in Thursday nights raids which constituted one of the most sweeping single nights operations the RAF ever has at tempted The air ministry communique gave details tersely Thursday night aircraft of the bomber command attacked Turin and Lorient The weather over both targets was good and the at tacks were heavy and concen trated Italian naval base at Spezia also was bombed and tar gets in the Ruhr were attacked during reconnaissance flights over western Germany Three bombers arc missing The Italian high command said several waves of planes raided both the town and sur roundings of Turin several buildings were hit and the number of victims is not yet as certained It was the first time that home based British bombers had taken the long trail across the Alps to LT GEN FRANK M ANDREWS V S Commander DES MOINES house j labor committee after a sharp de bate voted Thursday lo defer ac tion for one week on the Weich man antipicket bill Sponsored by Representative Harry Weichman the bill would make picketing at places where labor disputes were in progress a penitentiary offense Action to defer came after a heated verbal exchange between Weichman and Representative Judd chairman of the committee and after a motion for a public hearing on the meas ure had been made i Mickey Rooneys Cant I j Agree Divorce Will Be Sought by Ava foray over Europe and followed a day duringwhich U S army bombers struck at northwest Germany in the second all American daylight assault on the rcich By contrast with the scope of tiiese allied aerial blows there was comparatively little enemy air ac tivity over Britain Large formations of flying fort resses participated in the daylight assault on northwestern Germany Thursday unloading tons of ex plosives on the enemy as Hamburg dug its way out after a heavy night bombing by the RAF Swarms of German fighters in cluding Messerschmitt 109s 110s end 210s and FockcWulf 190s pounced on the American air raid ers and furious battles developed Five of the American planes failec to return but a number ot enemy craft were reported downed Blame Inexperienced Pedestrians as Injury Rate Shows Increase LOS ANGELES police Traffic Bureau has discovered the chief cause of the big increase in accidents involving pedestrians Gasoline rationing has cut clown motor travel New and inexperienced pedes trians arc primarily responsible for a 30G per cent increase in in juries Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued mild attack northern Italy since Dec 11 Excellent weather was encount ered Thursday night over Turin and the city center of the Italian automobile industry was heavily bombed the British announcement north por Friday afternoon and Friday night Colder Saturday fore noon Lowest temperatures Fri day night 22 IOWA Colder west portion and not much change in east por tion Friday night Colder Sat urday forenoon Light rain cast portion Friday night and Satur day forenoon Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy HOLLYWOpD This time its final with the Mickey Rooneys They just cant agree Shes going to get that divorce suit she started last September and dropped the following month Mickey the 22 year old film veteran did not amplify a joint statement he signed with his IS year old bride the former Ava Gardner of Wilson N Car They said We arc separating and giving up our home We both sincerely regret that we could not work out lour problems together said The raid upon Spezia was the first of the war for that fortified city the site of artillery works Spezia main northern base of the Italian navy is about GO miles southeast of Genoa Good weather also was encoun tered over Lorient the British re ported and the bombing there was heavy and concentrated The port important base for Hitlers submarines operating in the At lantic had been blasted repeated ly by the RAF during the past last time last Friday night The specific objectives attacked in the Ruhr were not immediately disclosed Thursday nights attack was the RAFs third successive night lion Friday afternoon followed by rapidly falling temperatures again Friday night not much change in temperature south Friday night colder Saturday forenoon light to moderate snow north portion Fridav night and Saturday forenoon and south west portion Friday night mod erately strone winds northwest portion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 35 Minimum Thursday night 18 At 8 a m Friday 34 Rain Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum 29 Precipitation Trace WATER BACKS UP BEHIND GORGE Threat of Flood Is Reported in Ottumwa DES MOINES tincat of a tremendous ice gorge in the DCS iloines river hung over Ol tumwa Friday as water continued lo pile up behind the jinn and flood lowlands in Mahuska and Wapcllo counties Charles D liccd senior meteor ologist said the river stage at Eddyvillc hadreached 21 feet six feet above floocl stage and was continuing its upward trend He pointed out this was nearly to the stage at Eddyvillc reached in June 1B35 which later caused a serious flood at Ottumwa where the river reached 155 feet Flood stage there is nine feet Reed hastened to point out no body can predict what a gorge will do It might case out gradually and cause no damage But the silua ion is too serious not to take very possible precaution Reed Thursday night asked poj ice and Red Cross wurkds to taud by at Ottumwa and urged he evacuation of lowlands A sudden break in the gorge mire than 10 miles long would bring serious flooding Friday norning tiic gorge extended from a few miles downstream from Chillicothe in Wapello county to some distance upstream from Ed dyville The water was over highway 137 between Eddyvillc and Albia and ice was near the undcrstruc turc of the bridge at Eddyvillc Wanner weather was forecast for Friday after a state high Thursday of 45 degrees at Bur lington Des lUoincs and Lamoni The state tow Friday morning was 18 at Mason City lowan Charged With Staging Gun Battle With El Paso Officers EL PASO Tex Pi Patrick Forcy 20 of Cedar Rapids Iowa acted as his own attorney in a pre liminary hearing Thursday but was held without bail for grand jury action on the charge that he was a twogun bandit who held up a grocery and fought a running battle with officers before his capture The FBI reported mean while that it wanted Forey on charges of automobile theft ami transporting firearms in interstate commerce and Ellen Howe of the Minnesota bureau of criminal ap prehension notified the sheriff that Forcy was wanted for investiga tion in Minnesota RAIL EXITS ARE CAPTURED RED TRAP TIGHTENS Russian Troops Sweep Ahead Against Germans in Steamroller Fashion By EDDY GILMORE MOSCOW collapse of Adolf Hitlers Caucasian forces apparently neared its final phase Friday Dispatches said red armies of the south slashing a branch rail Hue by which perhaps 200 000 Germans might have fled northward from the Krasnodar area swept on toward all ob jectives in steamroller fashion ami others imminently threat ened he cities of Rostov Kursk and Kharkov In the Caucasus the Soviets cut ff escape from Krasnodar ovei ne of three remaining rail exits y capturing Slarominskaya and Cuncvsknyu They lie north of Crnsnodar on a branch line which inks the RostovBaku trunk and he Azov sea port of Yeisk From Kanevskaya they were cportcd aiming southward at Timashevskaya only 36 miles ibove Krasnodar and a junction r o in which another railway nanchcs southwestward toward he Black sea and a connection vith the only other railroad re naining in the hands of the in vaders of the Caucasus the Kras lodarNovorossisk line Gen I V Tulenicvs command executed these thrusts which split Ii c r m a n ys Caucasian armies Maintenance of the Russian pres sure would force the southern group to attempt a Dunkerqut escape at Novorossisk or maneu ver without benefit of rail facilir ties acrossKerch straitto the Crimea Northward the Germans were reported desperately rushing squadrons of tanks and divisions of infantry reserves into battles raging west and south ot Krasny Liman In breaking through lo Kras nyLiinan the red army pushed deep into the rich Ukraine to develop a potential flanking movement against the impor tant German strongholds of Kharkov and Voroshilovgrad Soviet forces were well lo the west of the latter city and motorized forces as made a supreme effort to The remainder of nine German and Hungarian divisions sur rounded west of Voronezh ap peared tu be facing the fate of the nazi force that was encircled and annihilated at Stalingrad The dead already were reported to total 17000 with 27000 cap tured Directly cost and north of Ros tov the nazis were reported coun terattacking with abundant tanks they hold the key city where the Don empties into the Sea ot Azov and thus retain a land route of escape for their hardpressed troops in the Caucasus The Germans now hold only the nurllicrn edge of the Cauca sus on a line running up the Black sea and the Sea of Azov coast from Novorossisk to Ros tov with their deepest point in land it Krasnodar Krasnodar is reported threatened on three sides and in imminent peril A German communique report ed strong enemy attacks in the Don Estuary region indicating he red army was near Russians Using Blitz System By UNITED PRESS The region around the Cauca sus city of Rostov appeared to be turning into a vast trap Friday vith German troops being sur nounccd by Paissians or pushed back to the sea oC Azov Borrowing from the Germans blitzkrieg technique of cutting the enemy into small groups and then systematically liquidating each group the red army was pushing toward the sea of Azov and there appeared to be little hope for the escape of the main axis force There were indications that the Russians were getting ready to storm Bataisk a city that is only 10 miles from Rostov The fall of Rostov would un hinge the entire southern part oC the German defense line It is the Germans were big base for city that the counting on as what they hoped would be a march into llic Russian oil fields Instead it has become a defen sive position periled by Russian columns from the south southeast and northeast ;