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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 5, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 5 1936 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 103 Campaign Is Dirty One Farley Is Getting What He Warned Against By CHARLES P STEWART ASHINGTON hcn Postmaster Gen eral James A Farley prophesied that the national campaign upon which the coun try is entering will be an excep tionally dirty one it is evident that he didnt predict exagger atedly Perhaps it would b e more nearly exact to say that it is be coming a vicious wicked rather than a dirty campaign However the P M G was speak ing in ringparlance when he said dirty A professional prize fighter doesnt necessarily mean that per sonal mud is slung in a dirty com bat He means that the combatants Mt low bite gouge and butt His idea of a dirty engagement is one in which Queensbury rules are disre garded wholesale an engagement in which there are many technical fouls Too Many Fouls What Is known to ringcraft as a battle royal is likely to degenerate into a saturnalia of fouls A battle royal is not a serious prize fight It is put on as a comedy attraction among the prelims leading up to what is to be the real thing Usually a half dozen Negroes are tossed together into the squared circle to see who can survive Naturally no referee can keep track of such a mixup If it hap pens to be a friendly match all very well Otherwise there may be ears and noses and eyeballs to be swept up before the next number goes on I dont know that they have bat tles royal now They did in my day S OB a police reporter Barroom Fight Another and more serious freeforall is what is described as the barroom light A barroom fight unavoidably means business Heaven help the barroom fighter who stands on Queensburg rules his opponent wont or wouldnt in preprohibition times this era is less informal Skill was involved in digging an adversarys eye out in the prepro hibition period An adept at the onetime art of barroom fighting once told me If in a barroom fight you see a chance to get the other fellows thumb be tween your teeth dont take it If you do nothing can prevent him from getting his fingers into your eyesockets Tries It Out I experienced tentatively with my own mouth and my own thumb I It seems to me I submitted that a thumb can be so clamped as to prevent its owners fingers from getting anywhere effectively vvith 1 out twisting the thiMnb clean off And what of i replied my mentor In a fight like that who i cares for his tnumb I In such a fight as Al Smiths I against President Roosevelts who bares for his thumb In the fight of Governor Eugene Talmadge of Georgia against the new deal who cares for his thumb A What about the surviving element of the late Huey P Longs machine in doesnt care a pic ayune for its thumb Makes Dirty Campaign P M G Farley reckons that this makes for a dirty campaign It does Farley wants what he interprets as fair play He may get it or he may get bar i room fighting The republicans are somewhat more decorous with their 3936 cam paign There are more of them such as Landon Borah Knox Vanden berg and Dickinson but they are not so ugly among themselves GOVERNOR APPEALS TO MINERS Italy Flings Challenge to Rest of World COUNTERACTION SEEN IN CASE OF EMBARGO ON OIL Grand Council Gives Its Entire Support to Mussolini WAR AT A GLANCE By Associated Press The Italian government Wed nesday stated that its forces in southern Ethiopia had made fur ther advances in the valley of the Webbe Gcstro At home Premier Mussolini re ceived the full support of the fas cist grand council in his Ethiopian campaign The council decided on a plan of counteraction in the event of the further tightening of sanctions Italy is mainly concerned with the threat of a league of nations em bargo against further oil importa tions In London the British cabinet was said by an authoritative source to be considering secret plans for expanding Great Bri tains system of defenses for the empire George Lansbury labor mem ber of parliament drafted a peace resolution which would give the opportunity for debate on all as pects of the ItaloEthiopian war and British defenses EARTHQUAKE IN JAPANESE CITY Kyoto Is Already Suffering From TerrifL Blizzard Sweeping Japan cty of Kyoto already suffering from the terrific blizzard sweeping Japan felt a fair ly heavy earthquake at p m Wednesday No casualties were im mediately reported It was feared that the storms pounding the coast of Japan had claimed the lives of the crew of 45 of the Japanese freighter Unnan Maru of 220 tons The Unnan Maru sent out an S O S Wednesday that she was waterlogged and sinking Two steamers battled the storm to reach her designated position off Wakay ama prefecture a few hours after but found no trace of the freighter By CHARLES H GUPTILL Copyrlltlit 1936 by The iunelatcd Mussolini and his grand council with renewed confidence in their military power flung a challenge of counteraction Wednesday against the threat of a league of nations oil embargo Fascisms highest executive body in a session which extened into the morning hours gave uncompromis ing support to II Duces campaign for conquest in Ethiopia and fresh defiance to the leagues war pen alties A terse communique issued after the session announced that the fascist grand council established the lines of Italys counteraction in the event of further tightening of sanctions Urges New Conquests It urged the fascist armies in east Africa on to new conquests in Ethiopia cast fresh derision on the discarded FrancoBritish proposals for peace and approved sterner commercial regulations to combat the leagues economic siege Italys warning to the world that new sanctions would strike fire from Mussolinis fully prepared realm did not cite specific meas ures decided upon in the councils private session Informed sources nevertheless recalled the recent admonition by II Duces own organ Popolo Dltalia that an oil being considered by a committee of experts at would mean a blockade and a blockade will be war Would Sever Relations Advance speculation also includ ed a possibility that Italy imme diately would sever diplomatic re lations with any nations adopting the proposal for an oil embargo striking at the source of vital sup plies for the nations mechanized armies II Duce faced the grand council with uptotheminute information on the military and economic re sources Italy could mobilize in the event of a spread of the east Afri can conflict to a European war What he told his most important advisers prompted them to issue their communique thoroughly at tuned to the Mussolini shall march straight on 20 Million Worth of Stocks Given Away securi ies exchange commission disclosed that more than 200 corporation ex ecutives gave away some in stocks in December escaping higher gift rates which became ef fective Jan 1 Among them was T Henry Foster of Ottumwa Iowa who gave the John Morrell and com pany Inc 4300 shares of common stock 3 Storm Lake Banks Purchase Bond Issue STORM a council meeting three Storm Lake banks purchased a bond issue with which to finance water mains in East Storm Lake Airplane Drops Feed for Starving Game Birds Conservation Officer Paul Lcavcrlon of Fort Dodge loft and Richard Hawley Fairbanks Alaska pilot who is visiting relatives in Fort Dodge dropped hundreds of pounds of grain from Hawleys ship to game birds starving in inaccessible refuge areas near Big Wall lake and Bass lake near BUursburg The grain corn wheat and grits were enclosed in sacks of 15 pound capacity that broke on striking the ground Areas served were homes of thousands of game birds and are inaccessible except from the air Pheasant relief work in this section is being directed by the IZice Lake sportsmens club at Lake Mills and Dr F 3 Colby Forest City member of the conservation commission and contributions from this section may be sent in care of them Iowa Daily Press STORY ON PAGE 8 Assassination of Swiss Nazi Chief Causes Alarm ON THE INSIDE HAROLD E DAVIDSON Davidson Is Candidate for Attorney General ON PAGE 14 County Grass Roots Meetings on Saturday ON PAGE 14 War Days of King Edward in Pictures ON PAGE 10 Iowa High Schools Join Safety Contest ON PAGE 3 Mason City Birthday Ball Share ON PAGE 8 Explosion Wrecks Building Front and Injures 10 Persons explo sion in the basement of the Contin ental Baking company plant Wed nesday wrecked the front of the four story building and injured at least 10 persons Company officials said the dam age would amount to several thous and dollars Fire Chief Fred Kennedy attribu ted the explosion to leakage of gas from meters in the basement The blast shattered boilers and pipes flooding the basement with water There was no fire Slayer Sought to Avenge Wrongs in Germany 1B3I by Till Assocliild Prrss DAVOS assas sination of Wilhelm Gustloff 40 year old leader of the German nazis in Switzerland by a YugoSlav medical student aroused fears Wed nesday of grave international com plications The assassin who surrendered promptly to police told the authori ties he was David Frankfurter a 26 year old Jew and that he ivished to strike a blow against the nazi regime to avenge sufferings he said were inflicted on his fellow Jews in Germany Police said the student told them the bullets should have struck Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler but that he did all in his power by re moving the agent who poisoned the atmosphere here Came From Berne The slayer said he carne from Berne where he attended medical school and went Tuesday to the home of Gustloff a scientist who had lived in Davos for 20 years When Gustloff rose from a chair to receive him police quoted Frank furter as saying the studnt shot the man down from the threshold of the nazis study without uttering a word Gustloff a physicist associated with the Davos observatory was struckby five bullets and died al most immediately Incited by No One Frankfurter asserted he was in cited by no one police said acted on nobodys orders and belonged to no association of any kind He determined three weeks ago to strike his blow at Hitlerism the authorities said and bought a pistol at Berne when he resolved to kill Gustloff The slayer said ho was the son of a rabbi Authorities expressed fear of serious repercussions from the as sassination both in Switzerland and Germany Had Amused Anger Gustloff a military nazi had aroused the anger of Swiss social ists by organizing Germans in Switzerland in support of Adolf Hitler Antinazis repeatedly had de manded expulsion of the scientist but the Swiss federal council de cided his activities were within the law The leftist press however had persisted in constant demands for his expulsion on grounds that he failed to respect his own guaran i tees SKAFF NAMED AS 0 P KEYNOTER Camanche Farmer to Speak at State Convention on Feb 8 DES repub lican state central committee an nounced Wednesday afternoon that J 0 Shaff Camanche farmer will be the keynote speaker at the partys state convention here Feb 28 Shaff 51 a graduate of Iowa State college served eight years in the state senate from 19221930 William C Rathke of Gienwood former state American Legion com mander was named treasurer a post he has held nominally since Dec 30 Rathke succeeds Stanley R Smith of Osage who resigned He has been active in southwest Iowa politics and has been chairman of the Mills county central committee He is a former president of the Mills Coun ty National bank Harrison E Spangler national re publican committeeman from Iowa and Miss Martha McClurc national committeewoman attended the meeting Threatened Strike m New York Averted NEW La Guardia announced Wednesday a threatened strike of building ser vice employes in the midtown gar ment fur and millinery districts had been averted TheWeaihei On Hoard ST G Starrett of Sheldon Imva elected to the hoard of directors of the National Merchants association in session here FORECAST IOWA Fair In past increasing cloudiness in wast not piite so cold in south Wednesday night Thursday mostly cloudy slightly warmer in soiilh possibly snow in extreme west MINNESOTA Generally fair and continued cold Wednesday night and Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 21 hour period ending at S oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Tuesday 2 Above Minimum in Night Below At 8 A M Wednesday 22 Below Februarys lowest temperature thus far occurred in the early morning hours Wednesday At the sugar plant north of the city the minimum reading was 2S degrees t below zero only 2 degrees higher than the January minimum BEGIN DRAFTING TAXES FOR NEW FARM MEASURE House Passes Senates Bill for Repeal of Control Acts WASHINGTON P Actual drafting of taxes to finance the new farm program was scheduled Wed nesday by President Roosevelt as he pressed forward with a scries of ma jor financial conferences As some Capitol Hill democratic sources heard the white house had no present plans for new levies to finance bonus payments Mr Roose velt summoned advisers to go over the farm tax program He has said at least would he needed drawing a distinc tion between new taxes and levies simply replacing the invalidated AAA and processing taxes Two Olhpr Discussions The farm tax meeting was sand wiched between two other discus sions considered vital to new deal policies Tuesday the president ar ranged to cancel more than flOOO 000000 in authorized government credits Thursday he checks over the possibilities of similar cancela tions in district spending The white house itself had no fur ther word on bonus taxes Summoned for the farm revenue discussion were Secretaries Morgen thau and Wallace Attorney General Curamings and Solicitor General Stanley Reed Inflation Development An inflation development at the capitol was a flat prediction by Speaker Byrns that the Frazier Lcmke bill to finance farm mort gages with 3000000000 of new currency would be defeated if it ever came to a house vote He added that he was not so cer tain that the bill will come up I dont think congress is going to authorize the issuance of green backs he said at his press confer ence I dont believe it will open the door to that sort of money which means opening it wider in the future I know theyre not going to pass that Lemke bill even if it gets up A petition to force a vote on the measure now has 215 of the 218 sig natures required Against New Taxes Byrns said the congressional sen timent is against the levying of any taxes unless it is absolutely necessary With reference to President Roosevelts plans to cancel credit authorizations the speaker said it was time or the time was quickly coming to draw in and not extend any of these loans that are not ab solutely necessary I think a lot of these agencies have largely served their purpose Byrns said The house Wednesday passed the senate approved bill repealing the compulsory cotton potato and to bacco control acts Further senate action will be necessary however to enact the measure which President Roosevelt requested only a few days ago House Adds Amendment The house added an amendment to release from tax payments some 250000 bales of cotton on which taxes were levied under the Bank head act at time of ginning but not paid while the cotton has been held for marketing by farmers The amendment was by Represen tative Fulmer DS Car The vote on repealing the farm statutes was 167 to 5 Republicans insisted there should be a roll call The repeal action was suggested by President Roosevelt in the light of the supreme courts invalidation of AAA The five voting against were Rep resentatives Monaghan Marcantonio RN and three Wisconsin progressives Amlie Gchrmann and Withrow MARSHALLTOWN 32 BELOW 26 FOR MASON CITY Asks lowans to Dig Coal Extra Hours DES Clyde L Herring appealed directly to Iowa miners shortly after noon Wednesday to avert an acute coal i shortage by working extra hours r 11 Wvp Tjjp 9 Mnvp daily in the mines until the VV dVe i 3K6S L IVlOie Lives in Iowa Mam Roads Open Temperatures in Iowa were warm ing up gradually Wednesday after recording 30 below zero and lower at points in the northern half of the but there real relief lily gency is passed Earlier Wednesday the governor said he would make such nn appeal to increase production and obviate any chance of suffering resulting from lack of fuel only as a last resort Herring addressed his message to the miners through presidents of all local miners unions throughout the state His telegrams asker them to work as many hoursextra as operators could use them Ask Double Shift At the same time he called on all mine operators to employ jobless miners in double shifts to open new entries in mine shafts so more min ers can be put to work digging coal The governor made his appeal af ter waiting all morning for Frank Wilson of Albia Iowa mine union president now in Washington D C to answer his second request that the union allow its members to work a 48 hour week instead of the 3r hour week set by the Guffey Coal act Herring first telephoned Wilson Tuesday afternoon and Wilson an swered no He telegraphed a fur ther appeal Tuesday night telling the mine union leader Rcaliyes Differences I realize there are differences be tween the miners and operators but the main thing is to get coal to keep people from freezing If you union officials refuse to permit extra hours of work in order to produce more coal I want it distinctly un derstood that I am not to blame if someone freezes to death for lack of coal out The governor said his office is lit erally swamped with appeals for aid in obtaining coal Its worse than its ever been he said I had a call from Yale that the town is completely out of coal A mine at Perry asked help in clear ing its road so it could get back in production A highway commission snow plow was dispatched at once May Close Schools Valley Junction school authori ties told me they would have to close their schools soon unless they obtained coal The governor said he would con fer with operators Wednesday af ternoon and ask them to form a committee to deal with distress or ders for fuel I wish Herring declared Frank Wilson was out here in Iowa Then maybe hed realize how serious the situation is Reports from over the state in dicated the lack of fuel is increas ing rather than diminishing Arnolds Park dismissed school until coal can be obtained Red Oak reported schools closed because of blocked roads and to conserve a fast dwindling fuel supply So did Mus catine Mavshalltown said the coal shortage there was growing more acute At Waterloo dealers said coal supplies are low but the situa tion is not serious yet Dealers Run Short Charles City reported most coal dealers running short of fuel Du buque said there was no shortage of better grades of coal but that supply of cheap fuel is fast dwin dling The most serious shortage contin ued to center in and about Des Moines although numerous smaller towns joined in the clamor for coal Wilson told the governor late Tuesday that the union had gone as far as it could in allowing miners to dig coal for emergency relief on Saturday He said they would be allowed to work next Saturday but that an extra hour a day was out of the question Miners under the Guffey coal I neers using push plows whenever law are restricted to five seven lhcse can handle the situation The hour days a week rotary one of three in the whole district is circulated from one county to another to widen cuts and help out in difficult situations Back ou Schedule With highways cleared bus lines were back on schedule Wednesday state during the night was no promise of any from the latest cold wave The bitter weather had added two more lives to its toll making a total of 11 it has exacted in 14 days Emmetsburg where the mercury shrank to 36 below early Jan 22 for the winters record and the next to the lowest temperature ever record ed in Iowa reported a 30 early Wednesday Marshalltown caught the mercury at 32 below Mason City had a 28 below as minimum and the American Crystal Sugar company plant north of town reported 28 below zero From lit Below Iowii Virtually the entire state report ed temperatures ranging from 15 below down to the minimums re corded at Emmetsburg and Mar shalltown A victim of the winter was Mrs Alary Ann Hoskins 72 who lived alone at South English She was found frozen to death at her home Tuesday night Coroner Irvin H Reynolds said she evidently suffered heart disease or a paralytic stroke and froze before neighbors dis coveredher plight Martin J McDonald 42 county road patrolman died night at his home at ParneH of pneumonia believed to have resulted from exposure suffered a week ago while removing snow from roads in subzero weather Temperatures started a slow rise early Wednesday The mercury which hit 18 below at Des Moines at a m climbed to 14 below at 9 a m Other points reported a similar striving towards weather not quite so cold To Sink Back Again The weatherman said tempera tures would mount up to zero or above generally and then sink back Wednesday night to 10 below in the northeast and 5 below over the rest of the state More snow flurries were reported in the western part of the stats Wednesday afternoon The main roads were open in all directions out of Mason City Wed nesday as highway commission plows continued their battle with drifting snow The wind which kept the snow drifting most of Tuesday subsided the evening and most of the highways were passable through the night H J Kassel division maintenance engineer said he made a trip Tues day night over No 18 west into Hancock county coming back on the south Clear Lake road He found the roads open as the snow had ceased drifting Trucks in Drift Three Liberty truck plows were buried in a snowdrift at Plymouth all night and were released by the big rotary plow which returned from a trip to Hampton and vicin ity The concentration of the Lib erty trucks resulted when two of the plows went to rescue the third and all got stuck in the hard drifts Freed by the powerful rotary they resumed their work in clearing the main highways These three Liberty trucks and a larger Mack plow are doing most of the snow clearing work the engi Murphy Likes House Farm Bill Better Asserting he believed the house bill a better Walker Girl Burned m Truck Explosion Taken to Hospital CEDAR in a critical condition Nellie McGraw 15 of Walker was removed to the Peoples hospital at Independence from Walker A companion Nadinc Benosh 13 of Walker was less seriously injured and is convllesn ing at her home The Iwo girls wore victims of a truck explosion The cause of the explosion is as yet un determined measure Senator Louis Murphy DIowa predicted the senate would substitute the house agricul tural committees farm bill for the senate draft as a more constitu tional measure Iowa Coal Miner Is Killed by Slate Fall DES MOINES iT The mine inspectors office reported Tuesday that Richard Davis 62 a miner was crushed to drfith be neath a fall of slate at the Pershing Coal company mine at Pcrshing shortly after noon Tuesday buses were up to a half hour late with one from the north failing to arrive until midnight This bus which left Minneapolis at 1 p HI struck severe storm con ditions at Northfield Minn and was marooned there for five hours Trains were practically all late from two to four hours Wednesday morning because of huge snow drifts encountered The Milwaukee No 11 which was due at a m from Chicago for instance did not come in until S a m Other trains were correspondingly late No 14 state eastbound which makes up here left on time i Rock Island and Great Western trains were from two to three hours late agents reported The Xorth Western resumed operation i Wednesday with a northbound train ;