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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 4, 1963, Mason City, Iowa Whats new in Iowa on page HOME EDITION Cargo ban to Cuba readied I BOM OUR WIRE 8E4VICE8 WASHINGTON Congressionban Trade al concern about the Soviet foreign shippers engaged in Cu Sen Kenneth B Keating R buildup in Cuba increased MonNY who has warned repeated day and the administration pre pared to crack down harder on One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Editor and Publisher BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO 3M WO1 Amei m Our peace corps has made good tUHEN THE PEACE CORPS came into being by execu tive order in March 1961 there were many skeptics Objectors in Congress derided it as one of those grand Saturday night ideas and as an internation al boondoggle Even some who voted for it admitted to qualms lest the program backfire Today the Peace Corps has silenced its critics Congress has doubled appropriations to en large the corps to 10000 volun teers There are twice as many candidates for enrollment as the corps can accept Host coun tries are loud in their praise of the job done by the Peace Corps Volunteers So great is the success that a companion organization for service within the United States seems all but certain A special cabinetlevel committee of sev en brought in a strong recom mendation More about that later The question arises Why is the Peace Corps so well ac cepted while our foreign aid program is under firs abroad as well as here at home The commonest explanation is that its a difference in ap proach The billions poured into aid since World War II hasnt seemed to come within the view of ordinary people in the re cipient countries The money has been aimed at the country broad economic welfare with indirect and delayed impact on the daily lives of impoverishec masses In contrast the Peace Corp was conceived as a helping hand program to be carriec out at the humblest level of so cial contact Its purpose has been to foster peace by helping poor workers and farmers over come illiteracy hunger and disease thus creating a bond o friendship that surmounts the cultural barrier separating them from Americans The reasoning was tha healthy young Americans with practical skills and an abund ance of good will could make a unique contribution by living with the natives working side them and imparting some of their knowhow The plan ha had excellent success from the very beginning Volunteers came in larg numbers from college campus es when Candidate Kennedy in 1960 made casual mention such a program One of his firs acts as President was appoint ing his brotherinlaw Sargen Shriver to develop the idea Progress was rapid A temper ary Peace Corps was established by executive order two month after the Kennedy inaugural The permanent Peace Corp was authorized by Congress on Sept 21 1961 Leading college and universities denomination al as well as secular organiza tions active in overseas pro grams and a host of civic anc professional groups pledged sup port and cooperation Even before a statutory statu was achieved the Peace Corp was well on its way More than 52000 candidates appeared fo the first two screening tests a various places in May and June Nine days after the second tesl the first 12 trainees w e r named On Aug 30 1961 the first group of trained volunteer 51 secondary school teachers went to work in Ghana Requests for the Peace Corp began to come from new Asiai and African nations even befor the first recruit was inducted In two months recruitment wa stepped up for 1000 volunteer by the end of 1961 and mor than twice that number by mid 1S62 Today 3000 volunteers ar in 38 countries A thousam more are expected in a matte of weeks Testifying before congres I Turn 2 Senate Monday blocked the extenan invasion of private business ion of credit by beer distributors and that it should be up to city lampton The vote was 348 Rigler Senate majority leader aid he could see no reason why credit should be denied persons n the beer business when it is permitted in other businesses He said the bill would establish a bad precedent Supporters of the measure said he bill would keep wholesalers rbmsettingup in business per sons who are poor risks Sen Eugene Hill D Newton asked Are beer dealers such a bunch of deadbeats that they cant have credit Two drown under ice You gotta help me BROWNS VALLEY Minn Their car plunged through the ice and 12 feet of frigid water settling on the bottom of Lake Traverse The three South Dakota State college men climbed into the back seat and pressed their noses to the roof where there was a pocket of air They pulled off their coats and Jerry Hahn said Well we all have to go for it Hahn 21 was the only survivor of the ordeal Sunday He swam 75 feet pulled himself onto the ice then ran and crawled a half mile to a lakeshore shack Philip Anderson 19 an excellent swimmer drowned So did Paul Vergeldt 21 whose last words were You gotta help me I cant swim A skindiver found the bodies of Anderson and Vergeldt in the back seat of the car Senate OKs bill No credit for beer retailers DES MOINES Iowa o retailers over the strong objec councils who issue licenses to deNews World Report tha ion of Sen Robert Rigler RNew termine if tavern operators and there were other beer retailers are credit risks Sen Kenneth Benda R Hart Mild trend to remain in Iowa lowans awoke Monday to find a pleasant change in the weather Temperatures were as much as 30 to 40 degrees higher than Sun day morning The warming trend was expect d to continue Monday with highs up to 45 to 50 in the southwest and to the 30s in the northeast The Weather Bureau said the mild weather should continue into Wednesday On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News89 Clear Lake News 10 Sports 1314 North Iowa News IS Latest Markets U Mason City News 1617 Comics Hill said he felt the was ly of the Russian arms buildup said sooner or later we will lave to decide to put an end to or see the communists take over South America Sen John St Ennis DMiss whose Preparedness sub com mittee is investigating the Cu 3an situation said the United states might have to demand that Russia remove its presenl forces just as it demanded re moval of offensive missiles and bombers The administration was ex peeled to issue an order barring U S government cargoes to shipowners whose vessels have traded with Cuba since Jan 1 Shippers could escape the ban by removing their vessels from trade with Cuba A number of Western nations already have removed their ships from the Cuban trade But 15 ships are reported still en gaged in such trade as against 90 last summer Britain Norway and Greece are among countries whose ships have sailed to Cuba sometimes under charter to So viet bloc nations Edwin M Martin assistan secretary of state for inter American affairs said it wa possible that Soviet militar strength in Cuba was 10 time what it was before the missil crisis last October Immediately after the missil crisis the administration said there were 7000 to 8000 troop in Cuba This estimate subse quently was raised to 17000 t 18000 Keating contended in a copy righted interview with US 20000 or more good Russians in Cuba includih between 6000 and 8000 troop wick who led the fight for the bill said if beer retailers need money they should get it from 3anks Rigler said that Benda is a banker and added the bill would really help the In other Senate business 384 a bill to give judges wider lati tude in granting immediate pa roles It would allow a trial court judge to grant a bench parole to any person convicted of a crime other than treason murder or narcotic drug viola tions Currently the excep tions are treason murder rape robbery arson and second fel ony conviction e n Peter Han sen DManning and four others introduced a bill to legalize fully automatic vending ma chines Iowa is the only state which bars use of fully auto matic cigarette machines re quiring that an operator must push a button to activate the device after a patron deposits his money SAME The newspaper that makes alt North Iowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEG VOL 102 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 4 UOc copy No 307 Photofax SEEKS COURT ORDER Dewey Greene Jr enters fed eral court building at Hatties burg Miss to begin another round in his fight to become the second Negro at Univer sity of Mississippi US Dist Judge Sidney Hize who once denied Negro James Mere dith admission to Ole Miss is hearing the case News in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Bar group argues camera ban NEW ORLEANS The House of Delegates of the American Bar Association opened its midyear meeting with a hot floor fight over retention of a ban on courtroom photographs and broadcasts The dele gates were considering a recommendation by a spe cial study committee that Canon 35 which advocates barring cameras and broadcast equipment from trials be retained with only a couple of minor changesin language Whistlers Mother arrives NEW YORK Whistlers Mother arrived here from France aboard a U S troop transport and was speeded with maximum security toward Atlanta where it will go on exhibit next Sunday The famous painting is by American artist James A McNeill Whistler Europe still boiling President Charles de Gaulles maneuvers to organize a Frenchled European bloc stirred demonstrations in West Germany and pro voked official huddles throughout Western Europe while European capitals still boiled with reaction the Parliament members of the sixnation Common Mar ket met for a stormy debate in Strasbourg France following the French veto of Britains bid to enter the Common Market FCC probe continues OMAHA Neb The Federal Communications Commission began its detailed interrogation of the second of Omahas three television stations in its probe of local programming The FCC which has drawn vigorous criticism for ordering what the crit ics brand as this wasteful and expensive inquiry heard some 125 public witnesses during the first three and a half days of the probe and all but a few were complimentary to the stations Antifilibuster rule debated WASHINGTON Southerners fighting a change in the Senates antifilibuster rule served notice they were prepared to go as long as necessary to defeat or sidetrack the move The renewed warn ing came as the Senate nroved into its fourth week on the issue with leaders seeking a way to end the deadlock ROM OUR WIRE SERVICES OTTAWA Defense Minister ouglas Harkness quit the fed ral cabinet Monday in protest ver Prime Minister John Die enbakers refusal to commit Canada to nuclear arms The move landed with terrific rhpact on a minority govern ment already reeling from last weeks unprecedented public riticism of its defense policy ly the US State Department Political experts freely pre dicted the end of Canadas 25th Nuclear squabble Cabinet Canach parliament before the day was out thus plunging the nation into its second general election in a year The 5y e a rold Harkness who has held the key defense portfolio since October I960 made public his letter of resig nation at a hastilycalled news conference He promised to elaborate at a meeting of the House of Commons In his fourparagraph letter Harkness told the prime min ister bluntly Compulsive eater dies of overweight JACKSONVILLE Fla AP weeks ago when Charles Steinmetz weighed 67D pounds he said I havent got much time eft I crave food like an alcoholic craves alcohol Steinmetz 38 died Sunday in a lospital Doctors said he weighed 740 poundsat a gain of 70 pounds in two weeks Steinmetz complained of lung congestion Saturday It took 16 men to load him into the rear o a delivery truck for the trip to the hospital Cause of death awaited the outcome of an au topsy Steinmetz who was 68 inches iall and 76 inches around sak each pound he gained broughl lim nearer to death but he couldnt stop Other people smoke or drink when they worry I find myself a chicken At the age of 8 Steinmetz was underweight He started gaining rapidly in his late teens He worked 16 years as a typist re tiring on a medical pension in 1959 when he reached 585 pounds He said doctors told him there was nothing organically wrong North Iowa Generally fair and warmer through Tuesday Lows Monday night in the 20s Highs Tuesday in low 40s owa Generally fair through Tuesday Warmer east and central Monday night lows 20s northeast to 30s southwest Highs Tuesday 40s northeast to 50s southwest Further outexclu s i v e 1 CHARLES STEINMETZ BANKER DIES DENISON UPI Car E Lundccn 82 president of th Crawford County Trust Sav ings Bank here died Monday Lundecn suffered a stroke at hi home Sunday The weather Your views and mine as to he course we should pursue for the acquisition of nuclear weap ons for our armed forces are not capable of reconciliation For over two years you have been aware that I believed war heads should be supplied to the four weapons system we have acquired which are adapted to their use Throughout this period I be lieved that they would be au thorized at the appropriate time During the last two weeks particularly I have made ab solutely clear what I consid ered the minimum position I could accept and several times have offered to resign unless it was agreed to Diefenbaker must decide whether to call for a general election over the nuclear arms issue or face a political show down in Commons If an election is called the ampaign will be fought almost above normal in Tuesday through mild Wednes day Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average near normal in the east and 4 to 8 degrees the wesl Saturday Normal highs are from 25 to 32 in the north and 32 to 4 in the south Normal lows are from 6 to 14 above zero in the north and 14 to 18 in the south It will be mild ai the beginning of the period turning colder the latter par of the week Little if any pre cipitation is indicated Minnesota Partly cloudy light snow or sleet Continued mild highs Tuesday 20 to 40 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum Minimum Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum GlobeGazette weather up to 8 am Sunday Maximum Minimum 30 7 45 23 data Judge Beardmore proves hestough CHARLES CITY Attorney Alfred Beardmore had to face a tough judge when he went before the court to defend a Charles City man charged with larceny Wayne Starkey Charles City was convicted Saturday on a charge of taking money from the counter of a hotel here while the clerk had his back was sentenced to in the Iowa peni turned He three years tcntiary Starkey has a record of petty larceny dating to 1939 The tough judge who attor ney Beardmore faced was T A Beardmore his father GREETINGS TO NEW PRESIDENT Elwin D Farwell 43 new president of Luther College is greeted by the president of the student body Mary Preus a senior from Minneapolis as he arrives on the campus to assume his new duties Dr Farwell is the sixth president of Luther College Dr Farwell has been serving as dean of California Lutheran College Thousand Oaks Calif Previously he was pastor of Salem Lutheran Church in Jackson County from 1959 to 1961 over the issue of nuclear de erise policy This is not one of Diefenbakl ers points particvs ulariy after the issue erupted into an internation al squa b b 1 e last week HARKNESS when the US State Department publicly criticized the prime minister for refusing to permit the arming of Canadian rockets and planes with US nuclear warheads Newspapers across the country attacked the United States for interfering in Canadian affairs but many of them emphasized the State Department statement would not have been made if Diefenbakers government had clarified its position Many observers predict that a side issue in the campaign would be anti Americanism strategically used as an emo tional appeal to national pride All four political parties agree the United States was guilty of unwarranted interference in its criticism of Canadas nuclear policy but only Diefenbaker is likely to gear his campaign along antiAmerican lines It is a favorite theme of the Prime Minister and he can be counted on to reiterate such slogans as We will not be a pawn We will not be pushed around by the United States We are not part of President Kennedys New Frontier We are not another Cuba Opposition leaders on the oth er hand stress that a serious split with Washington is political folley They argue that US leadership in the defense of North America is a fact of life which Canadians must accept and that a Canadian govern ment should have the instinct and ability to work in close ac cord with Washington Knockout poised against common cold Editors Note most familiar ailment known to mankind is the common cold Scientists are working hard to defeat it The following dis patch is the first of three on what a cold is how you catch one and how science may prevent it or get rid of it By BARNEY SEIBERT CHICAGO UPI end may be in sight within a few years in the battle against one of mans oldest most wide spread and most disabling common cold A cold is a viruscaused misery characterized by utter lack of discrimination iu pick ing its victims Nearly every one gels them Two hundred and fifty million times a year its estimated Americans come down with colds The American Medical As sociation magazine Todays Health has eslimated that colds cost US industry about billion a year in lost man hours Some persons are af flicled four to six times an nually Children get more colds than adults Chances are that as you read this you or a member of your family are either get ting suffering from or re covering from a cold A third of the nations population suf fers from colds during the winter months Vaccines now under devel opment by al least six US firms and three in Britain may alter those statistics Several vaccines already are under test and others which may prove more effective are nearing the test stage Dr Justin 3M Andrews di rector of the National Insti tute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases predicted a year ago lhat the federal agency would achieve its target of vaccines against the most prevalent causes of colds within five years Andrews also forecast that within a decade after such vaccines have begun substan tially reducing the number of colds the affliction may be come rare perhaps some thing close to disappearance The first anticold vaccines will be administered by in oculation But it is possible that live virus vaccines may be developed which could be taken orally or by inhalation of an aerosol mist blown into a room Theres really nothing simple about the common cold It is an enormously com plex ailment which may be caused by as many as 120 or more virus strains or the so called eaton agent a micro organism which is neither a germ nor a virus Some sci entists have argued that the number of viruses which may be involved is infinite limited only by the number of per sons on earth at a given time Further some viruses causa more colds in certain age groups making necessary a different vaccine for children than one proven effective for adults However the magazine Medical World News said last October that the problem of immunizing against Use com mon cold may not be quite as complicated as the ever growing number of respira tory viruses might suggest A University of Pennsyl vania scientist found in his influenza research that some patients afflicted during the last Asian flu outbreak de veloped antibodies not against that d i s e a s e but against forms of influenza oot v ;